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C. A. FORE8MAN, Editor and Prop'r One year......................................$3.00 je year, in advance.................... 2.50 ' months................................... 1-50 iree months...............................75 Advertising rates made known on ap plication. Locals continued and charged for until ordered out. No Advertisements discontinued until paid «or. OFFICIAI« CITY AND COUNTY PA PER. Entered at the Lewiston Postofflecas Reoond Class Mail Matter. Thursday, February 12, ism. In spite of the vigorous protest en tered by Senators Rhoup and Dubois, It now appears that the United States Judgeship will be given to Judge Beatty. He is the choice of the ad ministration, and that choice is sanc tioned by a petition from the Idaho legislature. If the Supreme Court decides that this is a regular and not a special session, it must end on the 23d instant. We may expect the legislators to set a fast and furious pace to cover the work laid out for this sessisu and many measures will be pnssed upon in spite of the fact that there seems to lie an obstruction element working at the Capital. Captain Charles King has written out a Ust of gallant army officers who have been killed in Indian outbreaks since the rebellion. It is a long list and contains the names of many promising young soldiers, and not a few tried vetrians, of whom Canby and Custer were types. Lieutenant Casey is mentioned as an officer whose death is particularly deplored by the army. The murderer of this officer is a grad uate of the Carlisle Indian school in Pennsylvania, the son of a prominent Sioux known as No Water. According to this statement it does not appear that education is an unfailing means for making "good Indians.'' The Water-way convention, which met at Walla Walla last week, showed how extended and determined the ef fort to open the river has become. Cheaper transportation is the key-note of the increased prosperity of the In land Empire. It is a question that all sections can act upon with unity and harmony. The effort of the convention will add greatly to the influence now being exerted in State and National legislation to effect the end in view The Dolph Bill, the Senate bill for i Portage railway around the Dalles, and Senator McConnells bill for an appropriation to open Snake river, were each and all commended and a memorial drafted and sent to Congress, setting forth as grievances the exces sive transportation charges and the dilatory manner in which the work now in course of construction at the Cascades is being done. It would be needless to spend time in enumerating the advantages of an open river. Almost every citizen of eastern Oregon and Washington can see and appreciate the great changes that would be produced by opening up the Columbia and Snake rivers. So im portant is it to increase our water transportation that there arc private companies engaged in the work of clearing out rapids and blasting out reefs of rocks in both the Upper Col umbia and Snake rivers, in order to use these waterways on their private enterprise. Of course the great ob stacle to successful navigation of these rivers is on the Columbia at The Dalles and Cascades, and when those obstac les are overcome ithe smaller ones will soon be removed. Senator Dolph is working on the plan that will prob ably lie finally adopted, but our people are not willing to wait for twenty or thirty years for a steamboat railway, Let the iiortage railway he built, and it can be used while the other is being built. At the Cascades the portage railway will do service while the canal and locks are being completed. But let the work on the locks be pushed with all possible speed.— Welser Liader. Lewiston is supremely fitted to be the site for the State Agricultural Col lege. This fact is not gainsaid by any of lier opponents. The main points now being urged by the objectors is 1 he fact that two of the public institu tions will be located in the north Strange argument when you consider the facts. Where are the public insti tutions of the state, those already per manently located? Where is the Penitentiary? Where the Insane Asy lum? Where the State Capital? All in the south. North Idaho has only one State institution, the State Uni versity. South Idat^ ( claims three fifths of the population açd wealth of the State, and has now three-fifths of the public institutions. That is a fair and proportionate share, and on that basis the Agricultural College should come to the north. North Idaho now has one-third the wealth of the state and pays one-third the taxes, and presents a just claim for some proper recognition. It has been ascertained by careful calculation that four-fifths of the taxes levied and col lected for state purposes are distributed in t the south. The north bears one third the burden of state expense and retains the privilege of voting institu tions upon the south. One contempo rary claims that the place is inacces sible, that the locality is cut off by im passible mountain ranges. This is all t»osb. Idaho, within the next few years, will be covered with a net work of highways and railroads. The north will be joined to the south by a half dozen highways, open to commerce and trade. Any point irqthe State will be easy of access. Public institutions such as this are for the benefit of the people of the whole State, and that point should be chosen most eminently fitted to develop the object and aims of such an institution. Laying aside local prejudice aud preference, no one can justly claim but that Lewiston is the proper site. Canada and Reciprocity. From the Review. Politics in Canada are fast assuming a lively and interesting form. The Canadians want reciprocity witli this country, and want it bad. It is for tills reason that Sir John MacDonald dissolved parliament. It is for the same reason that Sir Charles Tupper left England for consultation with the dominion authorities. The time is ripe, in the judgment of the governor genernl, for the question of reciprocity to lie presented to the people, and an election held on issue. The World, the ministerial organ, states that com missioners from England and Canada will start for Washington March 4 to negotiate fora treaty of reciprocity, i arriving in that city March 6, on which date the result of the Canadian election j will be known. It is "in order thut j this commission may hnvc no uncer tain sound," says the World, "that Sir John MacDonald has decided to appeal to the country and ask for judgment on these proposals of his to the Washigton nuthorities'" There can scarcely be a doubt that McDon ald's policy in the matter will lie sus tained. It takes two parties, however, to enter into reciprocity witli each other. It is not altogether certain that our people desire it with our northern neighbor. Mr. Blaine is lielieved to favor it, but is keeping quiet on the subject. If he does favor it and has the handling of the treaty it may be safely assumed that the United States 'Will not lie loser by the bargain. Mr. Blaine's long experience in statecraft, and shrewd practical sense, can be trusted to attend to all that. Moreover, the coming congress, with its great jnajority pledged to tariff re duction and extension of commercial treaties, is very likely to ratify any such reciprocity agreement as may be drawn up by Mr. Blaine and the Can adian commissioners. Cheap Goods and Cheap Men. Front tbs gpukeanutn. There is a moral lurking in the method with which newspapers will treat the story' of yesterday's shocking and peculiar fatality in a Pennsyl vania coal mine. Seventeen men lost their lives. Of these men the names of only eight are worthy of being d!» played in large type. They are men, who have families and* homes, and they probably have friends or acquaint ances even in the remote state of Washington. Hence their names are made conspicuous in the newspaper story of the accident. Who are the remaining nine unfortu nates? why should the printer set their names in small type, where he who runs perchance may not rea'd? The press dispatches say they are Hungarians. It is not said that* they have fumilies, homes or children. There is, then, but one inference. These nine Hungarians, who were drowned in that dark flood underneath the ground, are not American citizens, but belong to that large and growing class of pauper labor with which Penn sylvania is cursed. It is doubtful if a single reader of a news paper west of the Alleghenies will recognize any of their names or lament their fate except on broad humanitar ian grounds. They are unknown pauper laliorers and there is nobody to weep over the sudden call that death made upon them. This inference may be far from the truth. Unhappy Hungary has noble people, and it may be that the people who died yesterday came to this country os does the average German, or Irishman, or Swede—to seek a new home and to swear allegiance to a new flag, resolved to be Americans among Americans. But the presumption, funded on the wellknown condition of labor in the Pennsylvania mines, is that these men were imported from Hungary by their employers because they were cheap. They did not come here; they were brought here. And, lietween the active and passive verb, the distinction is fraught with grave significance for American labor. How long will America shut out Europe's cheap shirts, coats, and shoes, and go on admitting free of duty the cheap men who wear them? i From Washington. Washington, D. C., Jan. 26,1891.— The protracted delay over the ap pointment of a federal judge in Idaho has caused considerable comment among eastern papers, which a-sert that the fldalio Senators are on the verge of an outbreak because the Presi dent is determined to api>oint James H. Beatty and to overrule the recom mendations made for Littleton Price and Mr. Sullivan. This is not exactly correct. Senator Shoup and Senator elect Dubois feel very strongly in the matter and have expre-sed themselves in vigorous terms against the appoint ment of Judge Beatty. As I wrote you last week, when the President positively refused to appoint Judge Price the entire delegation united in recommending, first, _ . .. I Representative Willis Sweet, whom the President de- j dined to appoint, and next Mr. van, Judge Price's partner. Senator; McConnell, however, has declined to join in protests against Judge Beatty's appointment, and has frankly in formed the President that he had no personal objection to offer. Senator McConnell insists that it is not fair to compel him to place himself on record in opposition to a man whom he be lieves to be fitted for the place, and who he is certain would be satisfactory to a large portion of the people of Idaho, and on this account he has consistent ly refused to put himself in writing in opposition to Judge Beatty's can didacy. At the same time, Senator McConnell has been perfectly willing for the sake of harmony to unite with Senator Shoup and Representative Sweet in the recommendation of such other candidates as the majority of the delegation might determine upon. On Saturday the petition signed by a maj 0 rity of the Idaho Legislature, asking i f or Judge Beatty's appointment, was presented to the President by Senator j shoup. It is expected that the Presi j dent will during the coming week either make tin* nomination of Judge Beatty or p rm t the matter to go over them the Daily Saratogian, the Nut until the next session of Congress. The persistment activity of Senator McConnell is everywhere noted. He , - , . , ,, , hus done mere towards giving Idaho prominence in the short time in which he has been in the Senate than any < ther new Senator ever did in the his tory of that body. At the same time his geniality of manner has made him very popular among his associates in the Senate, many of whom express regret that his term is to be so short among them. He has shown himself to be a strong apt aker, with a ready grasp upon public questions, and if opportunity offered would doubtless take high rank among his associates in the upper chamber. A number of eastern pajicrs during the past week have referred in the most flattering terms to Senator McConnell, among ional F irm and Fireside and the Bal timore Sun. Senator McConnell's speech on silver has already been re published in a number of eastern pajiers, which refer to it as a consise and comprehensive statement of the views of the west upon the great finan cial question of the day. It is unfortunate for western interests that owing to the deadlock in both Houses much needed legislation will be postponed. The Idaho delegation feels this especially. There are a num ber of matters for which it is anxious to secure c nisi deration at the present session of Congress, but as the days , , 1*^ federal election bill continues, it is hardly probable that a favorable op jHirtunity will be offered. Both of the Senators are acting with their party in allowing full freedom of debate upon this measure, and while neither of them are greatly enamoured of the force bill, believing that it will not prove the remedy whlcJ its friends claim, they cannot afford to cut them selves loose from their party associates when they take into consideration that they will need nil the support they can secure from party friends in the future to facilitate legislation for the state. Senator McConnell is particu larly anxious to lay before the Senate his views on the Union Pacific debt, and will open the eyes of ids listeners when he explains the real status of affairs in those sections of the west over which the road runs. His bill is already attracting great attention and is generally commented upon by finan cial journals as the beginning of a rigid investigation of the methods of the land grant railroads in their treatment of the agricultural and mining states. The Senator has prepared a bill for the established of an Indian Industrial School in Idaho, the location of whicii will lie left to the Secretary of the In terior to decide. Representative Sperry is one of the still hunters on the floor. He makes friends everywhere and is standing an excelent show for the Agricultural college at Lewiston.—Idaho Falls Times. Lowiston is making a hard pull for the agricultural college, but the chances seem against her and.in favor of some Southern Idaho town, probably Weiser. There is not In the whble Northwest a more fit place for such an Institution than Lcwistou.—Cocurd' Alen»*Miner. J. B. Morris, M. D. Office in Hale <fc Cooper's building. DR. WM. CASTON, Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Exclusively. Hyde Block, Spokane Falls, Wash. DR. A. BARKAN, Specialist for Diseases of the Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat I. N. Maxwell, Has returned from E rope and rc HUIue( j tlie practice of bis proiession. office, 14 Grunt Avenue, San Francisco. Sulli----------- - .-------— —AT LAW— Office on Main Street, Lewiston, Idaho. James W. Reid, Attorney at Law, Lewiston, Tdaho. Will practice in the State and Federal courts of Idaho and Washington. Of fice, room No. (I, Vollmer Block, up stalls. E. O'Neill, Attorney - at - Law, AND NOTARY PUBLIC. All Business carefully attended to. Will practice in all courts of Washing ton and Idaho. Office on Main street, luau... umwui.ai.ii.™ j lst,m > oppos te unne »'-tore, I ! NEW JASPER RAND. J. M. HOWE. Notary Public. Rand & Howe, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. i Will practice iin.'i the courts of Idaho ! Idaho Territory and the Stateof Wasli Will give prompt attention to I all business entrusted to our care. Of j fj ce on street, Lewiston, Idaho. Real ! Estate and Loan Agents. | - -- ------ ------------------ ! J. TiOSS, Proprietor, One door east of Bunnell's Hardware Store. All kinds of Fresh and Cured Meats. A share of your patronage is solicited. IOGERS, s. s. LEWISTON, IDAHO. Farm and town property bought and sold on commission. Office on Main St Why Send •Your Work East? —WHEN— Ed. Smith, Artist, Lewiston, Idaho, Is prepared to execute ail kinds of Artistic Work in the lest possible style. Your pi lotos enlarged life size and paint ed in oil.t, water colors or pastel. The finest work in the northwest guaran teed und lowest prices. Give me a trial. LESSONS GIVEN. M. H. Sprague, GUNSMITH My shop now open and ready for all work in this line. Give nic a call. Lewiston, Idaho. You Need But Ask TheS. B. Headache and Liver C* urns token according to directions w '^ keep your Blood, Liver und Kid »eys in good order, j The S. B. Cough Cure for Colds, Uoughs and Croup, in connection with % P % s <*} m « cf m tlie Headache •• , is as near perfec tion os anything known. The 8. B. Alpha Pain Cure for in ternal und external use, in Neuralgia, Toothache, Cramp Colic and Cholera Morbus is unsurjmssed. They are well liked wherever known. Manufactured at Dufur, Oregon. For sale by all druggists. D. 8. DENT. C. E. BUTLER DEflS Ö BUSIER, DEALERS IN. Pure Drugs and Medicines. a Druggist's Sundries, Toilet Articles, Stationery and, Fancy Goods. Headquarters for Books , Gold Pens . Novelties and Notions- Also Proprietors of Lewiston Soda Water Works. Orders from the Country Promptly Attended to BEO. H. LAKE, JEWELER, \ wren TTT'aä S3 Dealer In CLOCKS, JEWELRY, EYE CLASSES. Spectacles, Etc , Etc. Engraving and Repairing at Reasonable Prices■ P. MUD6E, Lewiston, - - - Idaho. The Only Complete Set of Abstracts in Nez Perce Count y Abstracts to Title Furnished on Short Notice Titles Examined and Perfected. Real Estate Bought and Sold • .Money to Loan on First Mortgage Security, at a Lota rate of Interest Office in Hale # Cooper Block South Side of Main Street BYRON HARRIS, Dealer In A full line of Household Goods on hand. Store on Main Street, Lewiston, Idaho. Exchanges made on easy terms. H. H. Q. SALOON, SAM HOLT, Proprietor. LEWISTON. IDAHO. Keeps Constantly on Hand a Full Stock of Pure Wines, Liquors and Cigars CALIFORNIA -:- BREWERY, Near llcud of First Street, Lewiston, Idaho. CHRIS: WE I SG ERBER. - - - - PROPRISTOR. ......o...... CALL A1STO SEE ME. FAMILY 6ROGGRY. Louis Grostein,.....Proprietor. kept eas of and Cigars. Cheap for Cash. Remember the place on Main St., in the Greenburg building. * HOTEL • DE • FRANCE, » Corner of Second und "C" Streets, Lewiston, Idaho, Mme. Le Francois, ----- Proprietress ......O...... First Class In Every Particular. Extra Accommodation for Com mercial Men LEWISTON ♦ BAKERY, 8. WILDENTHALLER, Proprietor. Montgomery Street , Lewiston, Idaho » --o ...... Bread, Pies and Cakes, also Groceries, Confectioneries, Liquor» and Cigar*. Geii(»Furnishing Good*, Family Groceries, Ect.