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The Lewiston Teller.
C. A. FORESMAN, Editor and Prop'r One year......................................$3.00 One year, in advance....................2.50 Bix months................................... 1 ^0 'Three months...............................~ ; > Advertising rates made known on ap plication. Locals continued ami Charged for until ordered out. No Advertisements discontinued nntll paid lor. OFFICIAL CITY' AND COUNTY PAPER. Entered at the Lewiston Postoffice as ßeoond Class Mail Matter. the THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1891. Drop a nickle in the slot and see the Idaho legislature elect another senator. Now, if there is no other coup d' etat to be developed, it may'be that the legislature will find time to pass a few of the many measures of general legis lation now up before that body. The idea of electing United States Senators by direct vote of the people is growing more popular all the time. The Indiana legislature has adopted a resolution indorsing the change, and its only a question of time when the pressure in favor of it will compel congress to adopt a constitutional amendment providing therefor. There are perhaps 150 bills yet to be pasdbd upon before the legislature, many of which are of absolute neces sity for the existence of the state for the next two years. Already several departments of the state are crippled for lack of proper appropriations. The Governor has found it necessary to send in a special message urging im mediate action. But a few days yet remain of Idaho's first legislative ses slon and unless sharp work is resorted to a special session will be necessary to make any creditable showing what ever. It is testimony to the activity and in dustry of Secretary Blaine that seven South American reciprocity treaties are reported as likely to be sent to the sen ate before it adjourns, and that an ex tra session will probably be ca.led after the 4th of March to considéra reciproc ity treaty with Canada and a treaty with Great Britain settling the Atlan tic fisheries and Behring sea difficulty. Nobody ever accused Mr. Blaine of in dolence, and he is fully justifying his reputation in the State départaient Whether his activities are to bear any practical fruit will depend upon the view the senate takes of the value of their results. of of Like the mills of the gods, the gov ernment mill grinds slowly, but the grist is appreciated when it arrives. After ten years of watching and wait ing the desultory action of the govern ment, the citizens of Pendleton, Ore gon, are awarded the proclamation opening the Umatilla Indian reserva tion. One hundred and forty thous and acres of choice land will on April 1st be opened to actual settlement. Soon thrift and energy will develop fine farms and scatter happy homes over the broad acres that have so long lain idle, thus adding greatly to the material wealth and prosperity of the community and state. Lewiston takes courage from this precedent established and has hopes some day of rejoicing as heartily over the proclamation opening the Nez Perce reservation. The Idaho senatorship is no man's property. The chances of Mr. Clagett are quite as favorable as are those of Mr Dubois. It is more than likely that the democratic senators will vote for Clagett. They can do this without the least departure'from party ethics which the Idaho democrats who voted for Mr. Clagett certainly violated, because they have a perfect right to pass upon the credentials of a new senator. A mere handful of republican votes would thus suffice to scat Clagett. Can beget them? It is not improbable. The regularity of the election of Mr. Dubois is a line question. Senator Edmunds at first declared against the proceedings, hut afterward changed his opinion. The fact that so able a constitutional ex pounder halted between two opinions is a strong indication of the uncertainty that hangs over the head of Mr. Dubois. Since the legal points are so delicately balanced, sentiment may decide the contest. The republican party of Idaho pledged itself to the concession of one senator to the north. While the letter of that pledge may have been fulfilled, the spirit was assuredly shattered. The methods employed to juggle the north out of her rights were certainly open to criticism. This will not help the cause of Senator Dubois. In the meantime this uncertainty must hang over the State until the next session of congress, in Deeemiter. There will be no vacancy until the 4th of March, when congress will adjourn, and since there will be no occasion fur the reconvening of the sen ate the question who is a senator from Idaho will be hung up muny mouths. Idaho has a long and lively fight ahead. —Spokane Falls Review. From Washington. Washington, 1). ('., Fel>. 0. Every new western senator who nr-! rives at Washington is compelled to i i undergo the unpleasant experience at L the hands of the press of having all | pre the mouldy chestnuts in the shape of ! stories illustrative of western oddities and peculiarities fastened upon him. Tile Idaho delegation had no exemp tion from tids infliction. The same stories < f slapping the presiding officer of the senate on the back and calling him "a dandy," of addressing in terms of gross familiarity old senators, of sit ting up late at night holding phenom enal hands at poker and raking in im pos-tihie pots which were told of the Nebraska senators when they first ar rived here, which were imposed upon the Colorado senators when they first reached Washington, which were re counted of Nortli and South Dakota and Wyoming senators when they made their earliest appearance in the Capitol, have been dug from obscurity und located upon Senators Klioup and McConnell. The active correspondents in Washington, who are paid by the line for filling up space, must lookup matter from some source and an old story once considered good is consid ered good enough to lie revamped as a new one and tobe applied to the eas iest person which it is supposed to fit. By the time fids reaches you, Idaho will probably have made up lier mind as to whether she will lie satisfied with three senators or must have a fourth. There have been daily despatches in the eastern papers fora we k past which seem to indicate that the legis lature is inclined to send another sen ator from your state to contest the seat which Senator McConnell will vacate on the fourtli of next March. The general impression here is that Dubois' credentials will stand. Senator Ed munds, who lias looked up the matter carefully, seems to be satisfied, and several other members of the Commit tee on Privileges and Elections take the position which was taken by the Judiciary Committee in the Gilbert vs. Hart case in Florida in the year 1870. This was a case singularly like* the Idaho case, where two senators were elected on the second Tuesday after the meeting of the legislature, where sev eral days afterwards a third senator was elected lor the short term, the leg islature meeting in general assembly to make the election, and where subse quently the Florida legislature, de claring the election of Gilbert invalid, sent Hart with new credentials to Washington to contest Mr. Gilbert's scat. Tin* report, which was made by Senator Lyman Trumbull, was signed by Senator Edmunds, Senator Steward and all the other members of the Com mittee, threw Hart out of court and declared that Gilbert's election was in every essential feature in accordance with the law of 1 Stiff regulating the election of U. 8 . Senators. The Com mittee laid down the rule, which would doubtless be applied in the Idaho case, with the Florida case as a precedent, that the object of the law of I860 was to provide that a majoiity should elect and that the proper legis lature should select a senator. Other details of the law the Committee held were explanatory and simply intended to carry out more fully its main pur pose. As the senate is u body which banks very strongly on precedents, it is more than probable any contestant for the seat, which Mr. Dubois thinks he is entitled to, will have his journey to Washington for ids pains. We have had another Senatorial caucus in which north Idaho's brainy and business-like Senator putin some rattling strokes for the Nicaraugua canal bill. In his speech advocating thut tlie bill should be placed high on the calendar of measures to be acted upon during the present session, Sena tor McConnell called attention to tlie fact that one hundred million bushels of wheat were sent around the horn unnuully in sucks destined for foreign ports, and that the construction of the cunul would enable tlie grain of tlie Pacific Coast to lie shipped in bulk on account of the shortened voyage with a resulting saving to tlie farmers of four and one-huif cents a bushel or of more than four and one-half millions dollars annually in the mere matter of cost of grain sacks. The Senator lias been stirring up the animals in another direction during tlie past week. His bill for tlie improve ment of.Snake river contains an unus ual clause which provides that the work shall be done under the charge of a pilot experienced upon the river. Sen ator McConnell lias made up iiis mind from thirty years observation in the west, that a large portion of the appro priations secured with great difficulty from congress are wasted and frittered away by reason of the incoinpetency of those who have the disbursing of the money. He believes that the only per sons who are competent to make ma terial improvements upon our water ways are those who have some under standing of the annual rise and fall in rivers, who understand the location of the shoals and lairs and who from long acquaintance witli rivers ami harbors! know where money can most profitably lie expended and have practical exper ience enough to exjicnd it with an eye to economy and efficiency. 1 Benefits of Beciprocity. Tlie new tariff bill, which admits sugar, molasses, coffee, tea and hides, raw and uncured, free, provides that if the government of any country produc * n(1 exportlng 8Uch artk . lo8 9 , lall( ^ <he fir8t day ofJanuary) 1892 , im pose duties or other exactions upon the agricultural or other products of the United States, and which duties, are reciprocally ur.just, tlie president of tlie United States shall have tlie power and it shall be Ids duty to suspend the provisions of tlie act ad mitting the sugars, molasses, ten, coffee and hides of such country free. So that after the first of next year the ports of the United States will lie practically closed to the nations of this continent whose sense of justice docs not lead them to remove discriminating duties on the agricultural products of the United States. Brazil, tlie greatest of the South American republics, lias already com plied with the requirementsof the tariff law, and will, on and nfter April 1, 1891, admit free of duty American agri cultural products, coal and machinery, while the duty on lumber, meat pro ducts, canned goods, cotton cloth and furniture will be reduced one-fourth. This will practically give tlie United States a monopoly of Brazilian trade. Cuba and Venezuela are about to open their ports to American farm products and manufactures, and every other Spanish American country must follow. Th_ United States will lie without a competitor in the greatest market in tlie world. Tlie fur-reaching statesmanship of James G. Blaine is now apparent. The tariff bill originally contained no pro vission compelling nations whose pro ducts were admitted into the United States free of duty to return tlie favor. Blaine against tlie opposition of the Democrats and some of his own party, but, however, strongly supported by the president, compelled the insertion of the reciprocity clause.—Seattle-Post Intelligencer. The reciprocity movement is rapidly growing into popularity. Blaine's as sertion to tlie effect that the present administration would not be made notorious for its masterly inactivity, but celebrated for having added to the material prosperity of the citizens of the United States, will be truly veri fied if the reciprocity schemes of that worthy statesman are fully consum mated. The treaty with Brazil re cently made public, is but tlie prelude to a series of similar compromises which will lie entered into with the South American states. Canada is ripe for the same scheme and there is much of promise in tlie outlook for an increase in tlie volume of trade be tween North and South America. Closer commercial relations between tlie two continents will lead to the re vival of our shipping and will give im petus and increased interest to tlie Nicaragua canal scheme. With an increased volume of trade, the neces sity for controling that new highway of commerce will become very appar ent, and the Nicaragua Canal bill will doubtless pass the senate without op position. Tlie careful judgment and finesse exercised in drafting these treaties is made manifest in a study of the recent Brazil treaty. Tlie farmer finds a new market for his grain and flour, while at the same time the manu facturer gains by concession a better footing than ever before. Here the in terests of each are carefully guarded and the two discordant elements may at last unite on mutual ground. all Snow is reported to have fallen on tlie summit of the Blue mountains to the deptli of three feet, and tlie Union Pacific find it necessary to run a rotary snow plow there continually to pre vent another blockade. The heavy precipitation of the past few days will make tlie work more arduous than ever und a heavy and continuous fall followed by a cold snap and high winds will tie up that line, blocking freights and traffic as it did last year, at which time the Union lost alone more than enough to complete a line down the river from Huntington, con necting with its lines below Lewiston. This must in time, from the standpoint of economy, be made the main route of tlie Union Pacific to the coast. Storms and blockades would lie avoided ns well 41 s time ami energy necessary to make tlie heuvy grades of the Blue mountains. W. P. BELL, C. E., City and County Sürçi/EYorç, Lewiston, Idaho. Orders left at my office or at the Saddler's Shop will receive prompt attention. MONEY! a h* earn«! at on» IW line of work, by 1 how of , and in their do the work. Eel y to learu. We furnish every thing. We etart you. Mo riak. You ran devote 1 your spare niooimits. or all your time to the work. J hie Is an entirely new lead.and firings wonderful e ue r aw to every worhea » ntiers ere earning from |U to fW per week and upwards, more after a little experience. We can furnish you the am« I I loyment and teach you »KKK. Mo apace to explain hare. Full information FKKfc. TKI'E A CO., AlvfSTA, ■Alii* i J. B. Morris, M. D. Office in Hale & Cooper's building. DR. WM. CASTON, Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Exclusively. Hyde Block, Spokane Falls, Wash. DR. A. BARKAN, Specialist for Diseases of tlie Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Has returned from E rope and re sumed tlie practica; of his profession. Office, 14Grant Avenue, San Francisco. I. N. Maxwell, —AT LAW— Office on Main Street, Lewiston, Idaho. James W. Reid, Attorney at Law, Lewiston, Idaho. Will practice in the skate und Federal courts of Idaho and Washington. Of fice, room No. 6 , Vollmer Block, up stalls. £. O'Neill, Attorney - at - Law, AND NOTARY PUBLIC. All Business carefully attended to, Will practice in all courts of Washing ton and Idaho. Office on Main street, Lewiston, opposite Bunnell's Store. JASPER RAND. J. M. HOWE. Notary Public Rand & Howe, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Will practice in all the courts of Idaho Idaho Territory and the State of Wash ington. Will give prompt attention to all business entrusted to our care. Of fice on E street, Lewiston, Idaho. Real Estate and Loan Agents. NEW ,/. ÏÏOSS, Proprietor, One door east of Bunnell's Hardware Store. All kinds of Fresh and Cured Meats. A share of your patronage is solicited. S. S. ROGERS, IiBflalE8tate,LoaiAaeit LEWISTON, IDAHO. Farm and town property bought and sold on commission. Office on Main St Why Send Your Work East. —WHEN— Ed. Smith, Artist, Lewiston, Idaho, Is prepared to execute all kinds <1 Artistic Work in the best possible styk Your photos en larged lifesizeand paint ed in oilj, water colon? or pastel. Th finest work in the northwest guaran teed and lowest prices. Give me atrial LESSONS GIVEN. M. H. Sprague, OXJlSrSIsÆITH My shop now open and ready for work in this line. Give me a call Lewiston, Idaho. You Need But Ask mssm i % art} P" m 3 o* f'N ft The S. B. Headachk and Liver Cure taken according to directions will keep your Blood, Liver and Kid neys in good order. The 8. B. Cough Cure for Colds, Coughs and Croup, in connection witli the Headache Cure, is as near perfec tion as anything known. The 8. B. Ai.pha Pain Cure for in ternal and external use, in Neuralgia, Toothache, Cramp Colic and Cholera Morbus is unsurpassed. They are well liked whe. ever known. Manufactured at Dufur, Oregon. For sale by all druggists. D. S. DENT. C. E. BUTLER. DE|SfS tl BUSIER, ....DEALERS IN. Pure Drugs and Medicines. ........o......... Piïffljiis caiaîiy toiptiM Jay omi® Druggist's Sundries. Toilet Articles, Stationery and Fancy Goods. Read quarters for Books, Gold Pens- Novelties and Notions- Also Proprietors of Lewiston Soda Water Works. Orders from the Country Promptly Attended to GEO. H. LAKE, JEWELER, uL K Dealer In CLOCKS, JEV ELRY, EYE CLASSES. Spectacles, Etc , Etc. Engraving and Repairing at Reasonable Prices P. MHD6E, Lewiston, - - - Idaho. The Only Complete Set of Abstracts in Nez Perce County Abstracts to Title Furnished on Short Notice Titles Examined and Perfected Rea! Estate Bought and Sold • Monty to Loan on First Mortgage Security, at aIon; rate of interest Office in Hale <)'• Cooper Block South Side of Main Street BYRON HARRIS, Dealer I 11 A full line of Household Goods on hand, ''tore on Main Street, Lewiston, Idaho. Exchanges made on easy terms. H. H. Q. SALOON, SAM HOLT, P: oprietor. LEWIST03ST. IIDA.ÏTO. Keeps Constantly on Hand a Full Stuck of Pure Wines, Liquors and Cigare. CALIFORNIA BREWERY, Near Head of First Street, Lewis CHRIS: WEISGERBER, - - - 1 , Idaho. PROPR 1 STGB. CALL AN!) KKTC MI FAMILY 6RO0GRY. Louis Grostein,.....Proprietor. / Neir and fresh Stock of Groceries constant/ y kept on hand. Fruits, Canned Fruits, Col fees, Teas and Spiers A romvlefr st< ek of Tobaccos and Cigars. Cheap fm' Fast1 Remember the place oil Main Si., in the Grcciihurg building. U L Comer of Second and "C" Streets, Lewiston, Idaho, AI me. Le Francois, Proprietress ......O...... First Class in Every Particular. Extra Accommodation for < 'on iniereiai Men. LGWISTON ♦ EAKERY, 8. WILDENTH ALLER, Proprietor. Montgomery Street. Lewiston, Idaho ......O...... Bread, Pies and Cakes, also Groceries, Confectioneries, Liquors and Clgat** OentsFumishing Goods, Family Groceries, Eet.