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C. A. FORESMAN, Editorand Prop'r
One year...................................... Ç3.00 One year, in advance.................... 2.30 Six months................................... 1-^9 Three months...............................76 Advertising rates made known on ap plication. Locals continued and charged for until ordered out. No Advertisements discontinued ■ntil paid lor. OFFICIALOITY and county paper. is Entered at the Lewiston Postoflice as Second Class Mail Matter. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 2«, 1891. ___s------ The reciprocity treaty with Brazil is the greatest achievement of tlds ad ministration thus far, and will, un doutedly, prove of great benefit to the country. _ Senator Ingalls has resigned his po sition as presiding officer pro tern of the Senate. The resignation to take effect upon the seating of his successor. He is preparing to step down and out gracefully._ Mr. McConnell's senate bill providing for the time and place of holding terms of the United States Court in Idaho was agreed to in that body last week. By the provisions of this bill, terms of the United States Court will be held at Boise City, Blackfoot and Moscow. The bill for dividing Bingham county has been successfully shelved in the house, much to the relief of the Bing ham contingent, who have been light ing hard against the measure. The other division bills will hardly fnre as well as they have a stronger following. Senator McConnell is up with another bill to prevent the adulteration of linseed oil. Idaho's wide awake senator is alive to every interest con ducine to western development. Western flax growers and oil manufac turers will be greatly benefitted by the passage of the bill. The State if New York not only has more population than all Canada, but vastly more wealth. Our immigration in a decade gives us two and a half times the population of Canada. Con sequently its annexation would be of little consequence to us, but it would be everything for Canada which it has not and never will have until it is in dependent of Great Britain. The decision of the Northern Pacific directors recently made public by the dispatches, to the effect that all branch lines would be pushed at once to com pleteness, is cheering in the extreme and will remove all tremor of doubt and quiet all rumors concerning any stopping of the Lewiston branch at Kendrick or any intermediate point. Lewiston will get a road early In the coming summer and our citizens should awaken to the fact that new life and action should now begin to stir the public pulse. The Cotton#ood correspondent to the Free Press pertly enquires what Lewis ton would do with the Agricultural College if by chance she got it, and where she would find land enough that will produce auything but scrub sage brush and inferior wild mustard. In South Idaho they claim that Lewiston Is not fitted because it has no sage brush land. Our friend at Cottonwood has furnished a needed testimonial which we take pleasure in forwarding to Boise. Lewiston has now every es sential even unto sage brush and wild mustard. Idaho exchanges are filled with ac counts of storms and heavy snow falls. Sleighing is splendid everywhere, and the snow lies from the depth of two to three and even four feet over a large portion of the state. Lewiston pre sents a sharp coutrast to such a state cf facts. Here the ground is bare and dry, the days warm and bright, and the citizens enjoying the sports and re creations of spring. It is not difficult to pick out the most desirable locality In which to live and enjoy life when these facts are known. Lewiston's climatic advantages are without paral lel in the northwest. Representative Sweet has been heard on the question of free coinage, but un like his contemporaries from Idaho he came out strongly against that meas ure. He is reported as having made one of the strongest arguments against free coinage that has come out of the west. He introduced u resolution, the preamble of which sets forth that cer tain national banks are refusing to loan except on contracts payable in gold, which tends to discredit the issue of currency. The resolution provides that any national bank attempting to de grade the currency of the country by demanding other thun lawful money shall forfeit its charter. Mr. Sweet has presented a new phase of the coinage question and is riding into popularity upon the sudden revulsion now being felt toward that measure. Of all the unhappy creatures on the face of the earth, the most to be pitied is the vain, sensitive, egotistical bun dle of humanity, who always imugines everything is for him. The preacher preaches at him, the gossip gossips about him, and, taking it "by and large," the whole world, while seem ingly engaged in other matters, is really occupied in observing his mightiness, smiling when he smiles, and trembling when he frowns. Such persons ought to stick a linger in a pail of water and drawing it out learn from the hole left how much real importance they are to the world.—Colfax Commoner. That was a brave and eloquent speech which Idaho's short-term sen ator, the fearless and unconventional McConnell, delivered the other day in support of ids bill for the forfeiture of the subsidized Pacific railroads. It told in language worthy of Webster the story of the building of those roads and of the immense fortunes piled up by the owners. It was a speech that should make the bold and outspoken merchant of Moscow able to go before the people of Idaho in future campaigns and ask any office in their gift without the slighest fear that they will be un grateful or unappreciative.-Spokesman. The New Brazilian Reciprocity ar rangement will op n the way for a large export of our products to that country, of itself a most Important point gained. But this is only an en tering wedge, only a part of the story. Other South American countries and Cuba will be obliged to follow suit in self defense. Cuba is very greatly de pendent upon the United .States as a market for its chief product—sugar. The last Tariff Bill provided for the free introduction of sugar, retaining protection for our own sugar producers in the form of a direct bounty equiv alent to the duty removed. But this act put it in the power of the President to continue the old duties upon sugar and other materials by local taxes im posed by the interior provinces. Now that country has been unified into one general system, which abolishes all local imports on foreign goods.—Orange Judd Farmer. is All northern Idaho will celebrate over the news from Washington that the Coeur d'Alene reservation will be opened before the adjournment of congress. It has been a weary wait that the people of northern Idaho have had to undergo. The rich mineral prospects and the line ngrii ultural lands have been in sight, but Moses was not more effectually barred out of the promised land than have been the weary watchers on the edge of the re servation. Congress is now entitled to no particular thanks for its action. It is doing only what it ought to have done a year ago, and for not doing which there is no excuse and no reason beyond indifference. Northern Idaho, with its vast areas of unsurveyed land, has yet more to ask of congress. The people who are building up a great state out of a region that was once con sidered little more than a desert, ought to receive some aid from the general government and some security besides the right of force and custom to the lands they occupy. Provisions should be made at this session for the survey of these lands in the well-settled por tions of the panhandle at least. This is a duty towards the new state. Will it be performed?—Spokesman. The Canadian Election. The present outlook is that the Can adian conservatives will be beaten in the parliamentary election, which takes place on the 5th of March next. Sir John MacDonald offers restricted reciprocity on the lines of the Elgin treaty of 1854. Every intelligent Can adian knows that no treaty on the lines of that of 1854 will ever be accep ted by the United States, and Canada will hurdly he fool enough to return the MacDonald government to power upon an utterly impracticable issue. Sir John MacDonald otters restricted reciprocity which would secure to Can ada at all points the advantages of our superior markets as a seller, while it refuses to enter our markets as a buyer. Canada knows that the United States will never consent to this pro|>osition, whiclt Sir John McDonald has the impudence to offer. The Dominion liberals propose unlimited reciprocity and they are morally certain to win, for every man in Canada who wants reciprocity knows that the United States will never have anything to do with anything short of unrestricted reciprocity. Reciprocity, when it comes, must bring with it the abolishment of every custom house on the Northern frontier, and the raising of the Canudian tariff to the level of our own. Canada has before her a great opportunity to lift herself out of her present lamentable situation. She is burdened with an enormous debt, the consequence of her vast expenditures, made for the express purpose of induciug immigration, and yet today her older provinces are al most stationery in population, and even Manitoba is far liehind our West ern states in the ratio of its growth. The great majority of her foraigi im migration soon make their way across the line to this country: and so many native-born Canadians have joined us that our population of Canadian birth is equal to a large fraction of the total population of Cunadu. With a debt disproportionate to its increase in trade and wealth; with land less valuable und less salable than that in this coun try; with her best blood constantly pouring into our industrial veins, Can ada is in a situation of comparative par alysis and stagnation which nothing short of annexation to this country can cure. Canada, to speak plainly, is a poor, feeble, disunited colonial depend ency, racked by a racial and religious conflict. It has much less population and far less wealth than the single state of New York. Its annexation would at best be worth little to us; indeed, it is less likely to prove a political bless ing than a curse. The annexation of the province of Quebec would lie like the annexation of Paraguay or some other of the Jesuit-ridden countries of South America. On the side of Cana da, however, self-interest and self-pres ervation urge the people to annexation. The relative attitude of the two coun tries toward annexation lias greatly changed in the last fifty years. The treaty of 1854 was negotiated at a time when there was an annexation party in the United States, and this liberal treaty, giving Canada the advantage, was made in the hope that it might increase the sentiment in Canada favor of union. Twelve years of this treaty proved that it was a very bud burguin for the United States, and the annexation party, so fur from increas ing in Canada, decreased so rapidly that during our civil war we had no meaner, more spiteful, bitter enemy than the government of Canada When the treaty of 1854 was refused re newal in 180(5, there was no longer an annexation party in the United States, and there is none today. Our people are indifferent about it, because it is a matter of small consequence, beset with as much political doubt and dan ger as political advantage.. Canada may just as well make up her mind that to vote for Sir John Macdonald's limited reciprocity on the lines of the treaty of 1854 is to vote in the air, for limited reciprocity lias not a friend in either party in the United States.— Oregonian. j j ! JT Open the River. The bill for the construction of a port age railroad at the Cascades, and ap propriating $C0,000 therefor, passed the house last evening. The hill will be come a law, and, if the farmers of Wasco county are under the domination of railroad corporations, it will be the fault of themselves and the citizens of The Dalles. We are also firmly of the opin ion that the hill for another portage road bet ween this city and Celilo will pass the house. This appropriates Ç400, 000, and it has already passed the sen ate. These two measures will practi cally open the river to the sea, and in this desired consummation the Tiraes Mountaineer is exceedingly well pleased. This is the beginning of a grand eara of development for Eastern Oregon, and, with a reduction of freights, the pluins and valleys of the inland empire will ship their abund ance to tide-water. It is the beginning of the development ot the richest nat ural resources which are possessed by any country on the Western continent, and ten acres will be farmed where one is now. It is the beginning of the emancipation of the producers of the country east of the mountains from the cruel despotism of a railroad monopoly, which bus impoverished the tillers of the soil, and driven hundreds of set tlers toother p-.'rtioiisof the Northwest. It is tiie beginning of the 1 ing-looked for year of jubilee, when the bonds ehull be stricken from the limbs of the serfs who have plowed and planted broad and fruitful acres for the benefit of railroad corporations for the past quarter of a century. It is the begin ning of the end of a rule of ruin and despoliation, when the great volume of water of the Columbia shall be obedi ent to the wish of the husbandman, and its willing waves shall carry to the bosom of mother ocean the wealth of an empisc, unvexed and unimpeded by any obstructions, natural or artificial. — Tue Dalles Tiiues-Mountaineer. W. P. BELL, C. E., City and County SURl/EYOrç, Lewiston, Idaho. Orders left at my office or at the Saddler's Shop will receive prompt attention. MONEYS •rablv, by tlioM of «.r old, and in their never they live. Any .rk. Knny to (cam. Iff Wa atari YOU. No risk. You « an devote . or all your time to tha work. Thia is an I Liiiig# wonderful #u< teas to every worker, g from »2# to per werk and upward«, I« ei|*rienre. W> can funnel, you the em yu I If kK. No aiiace to einlnin bar*. Full tormaUuu FRkk. Xttl'K CîO.# AUÎtkTA, «AUK. -------—--I For a fine turn-out in the way of spirited, yet perfectly gentle, teams and new buggies go to Lydon Bros, j Their rig» are in first-class shape. | J. B. Morris, M. D. Office in Hale & Cooper's building. DR. WM. CASTON, Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Exclusively. Hyde Block, Spokane Falls, Wash. DR. A. BARKAN, Specialist for Diseases of the Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Has returned from E rope and re sumed the practice of his profession. Office, 14 Grant Avenue, San Francisco. I. N. Maxwell, n, —AT LAW— Office on Main Street, Lewiston, Idaho. James W. Reid, Attorney at Law, Lewiston, Idaho. Will practice in the Stute und Federal courts of Idaho and Washington. Of fice, room No. (5, Vollmer Block, up stalls. E. O'Neill, Attorney - at - Law, AND NOTARY PUBLIC. All Business carefully attended to. Will practice in all courts of Washing ton and Idaho. Office on Main street, Lewiston, opposite Bunnell's Store. JASPER BAND. J. M. HOWE. Notary Public Rand (<: Howe, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Will practice in all the courts of Idaho Idaho Territory and the State of Wash ington. Will give prompt attention to all business entrusted to our care. Of fice on E street, Lewiston, Idaho. Real Estate and Loan Agents. NEW J. 12 OSS, 'Proprietor, Oue door east of Bunnell's Hardware Store. All kinds of Fresh and Cured Meats. A share of your patronage is solicited. S. S. ROGERS, LEWISTON, IDAHO Farm and town property bought and sold on commission. Office on Main St Why Send Your Work East? —WHEN— Ed. Smith, Artist, Lewiston, Idaho, Is prepared to execute all kinds of Artistic Work in the best possible style, Yourphotosen larged life size and paint ed in olid, wuter colors or pastel. The finest work in the northwest guarau teed and lowest prices. Give me atrial LESSONS GIVEN. M. H. Sprague, OXJISrS^ÆITH My shop now open and ready for all work in tiffs line. Lewiston, Idaho. Give me a eall You Need But Ask & » ÄS B m & m The S. B. Headache and Liver Cure taken according to directions will keep your Blood, Liver and Kid neys in good order. The 8. B. Cough Cure for Colds Coughs and Croup, in connection with the Headache Cure, is as near perfec tion us anything known. The 8. B. Alpha Pain Cure for in ternal and external use, in Neuralgia, Toothache, Cramp Colic and Cholera Morbus is unsurpassed. They are well liked wlie ever known. Manufactured at Dufur, Oregon. For sale by all | druggists. J D. S. DENT. C. E. BUTLER. DEflS 0 BUSIER ■ PEA LEUS IX. Pure Drugs and Prescriptions Carefully Compounded Day & Night Druggist's Sundries, Toilet Articles, Stationery and Fancy Goods. Ileadquarters for Books, Gold Pens , Novelties and Notions Also Proprietors of Lewiston Soda Water Works, Orders from the Country Promptly Attended to çi/i c \_r —..vT/ a<'L watch w s awl to* JEWELER, Dealer In 1 JLJ" 1/- I f,'/'. CLOCKS, JEWELRY, EYE CLASSES. Spectacles, Etc , Etc. En graving and Repairing at Reasonable Prices■ P. MHD6E, Lewiston, - - - Idaho. The Only Complete Set of Abstracts in Nez Perce County Abstracts to Title Furnished on Short Notice Titles Examined, and Perfected Real Estate Bought and Sold■ Money to Loan on First Mortgage Security, at a\ Low rate of interest Office in Hale <$• Cooper Block South Side of Main Street BYRON HARRIS, Dealer In A full line of Household Goods on hand. Store on Main Street, Lewiston, Idaho. Exchanges made on easy terms. H. H. Q. SALOON, SAM HOLT, Proprietor . LEWISTON. IDAHO. Keeps Constantly on Hand a Full Stock of Pure Wines, Liquors and Cigar*. CALIFORNIA -:- BREWERY, Near Head of First Street, Lewiston, Idaho. CHRIS: WEISCERBCR, .... PROPRIETOR. CALL AND s-FK MR FAMILY 6R0G6RY. Louis Grostoin,.....Proprietor. A New and fresh Stock of Groceries constantly kept on hand. Fruits, Canned Fruits, Coffees, Teas and Spiers. A eomnlete stock of tobaccos and Cigars. Cheap for Cash R member the place on Main St., Ill the Greenbu rg building. <X HOTEL • DE • FRANCE, *> Corner of Second and "C" Streets, Lewiston, Idaho, Mme. Le Francois, Proprietress First Class in Everv Particular. Extra Accommodation for Commercial Men» LGWISTON ♦ BAKERY, S. WILDENTH ALLER, Proprietor. Montgomery Street . Lewiston, Idaho• ......O...... Bread, Pies and Cakes, also Groceries, Confectioneries, Liquors and Clffn*** J OentsFurnishing Goods, Family Groceries, Ect.