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«. A. FORE8MAN, EditorandProp'r ôae year......................................$3.00 One year, in advance.................... 2.50 Six months...................................1 .50 Three months...............................75 Advertising rates made known on ap plication. fjocals continued and charged for until ordered out. Ko Advertisements discontinued ■atil paid tor. OFFICIAL CITY AND COUNTY PAPER. JCntered at the Lewiston Postoffice as fteeond Class Mail Matter. THURSDAY, MARCH 5, 1891. Lewiston did not get the Agricultural College. The southern combination beat the bill. "Better no college at all than one in North Idaho," is the asserted opinion of the patriotic states men of the south. The governor has approved of the •lection hill which, by this action, now becomes a law. Senate bill til, relating to crimes against the elect!ve/ranchlse, has also been approved. Idaho forever provides for a full free ballot. The Supreme Court of Idaho forced to a decision, gave it as their opinion that the present session is unlimited as to time and our legislators will receive full pay for as ■ many days os they choose to hold in session. This gives them a chance to redeem themselves and get in and drill. It is said on good authority that the Idea of having the stars and stripes raised above every school-house in the country originated with General Sher man, and was expressed by him at a meeting of tue Grand Army of the Re public. It is very like the thorough patriotism of General Sherman to sug gest such a thing. The joint memorial of the two houses •f the legislature praying congress to donate to the State all the arid lands within its borders was presented to the Senate on the 14th ult. by Mr. Mc Connell. Senator Morgan, of Alabama, expressed himself us heartily in favor of the idea, and requested Idaho's sen ator to Introduce the bill, which was done on the 17th ult. The railroad news grows more en «ranging every day. The promise to push the work or. the I/ewiston exten alondoes no t rest with the promise but is being acted on with energy. Not only this but the line will be extended to Camas Prairie, with a branch into the Seven Devils and another into the Asotin. Three separate tributary coun tries will thus be tapped and a rich de velopment will follow. Every farmer who grows a bushel of wheat or raises a pound of pork, and every manufacturer who spins a yard of cloth or makes a ton of pig inn is interested.in the establishment of di rect steamship communication with Brazil. Under present conditions we buy $00,000,000 of Brazil and sell her $7,000,000. Reduced duties will do much to adjust this balance, but noth ing except mail steamship lines will bring our commerce to an equitable and profitable exchange. We must follow the example of other govern ments and grant subsidies. Lewiston will be the central point of active railroad operations next season. The decision of the officials to push all branch lines to completion meausinuch for the development of tills county and the country adjacent. Camas Prairie, one of tiie richest agricultural sections in tiie State, will be reached this yeur and the Asotin country so long shut off from progress and development, natur ally a very fertile country, will be tapped by u brunch line. The branch routes will lead out from this place, making it the center of active and vig orous life with bright prospects for fu ture prosperity. The effort to pass through the house a bill to appropriate a sum of mouey to build a transfer bout to ply between tiie Dulles and the Cascades, in case the United States shall build a portage rail way, wus a most shallow and shabby attempt to dodge a responsibility. It was a pnqtosition to juggle with the question in tiie hope of deceiving the people of Eastern Oregon. It was al together a proper thing that so i worthy an attempt was killed. It is useless to play or palter with this ques tion. Nobody will be deceived. The government will not build any portage railway; a transfer boat will be of use only after the |>ortage railway is built, and the state must build the portage railway if such railw ay is to be built at all. Build tiie railway first, and then it will be time to talk about a transfer boat, iill then, »uch talk is a tricky eftbrt to dodge tiie subject.—Oregonian. Canyon County. The division bill creating the county of Canyon has received such amend ments that it is very doubtful if the pro moters of the scheme will wish to pro ceed further with it. It now seems that the question must be submitted to the people of that part of the county proposed to be cut off', at the next gen eral election. But that does not satisfy the opponents of the hill altogether. It would lie much more satisfactory to have the question voted on by the en tire people, and yet in one way or another the issue will come before the voters and will lie decided two years from now. Of course if the vote Is car ried in favor of the proposed division the people ought to submit, and un boubtcdly it will be accepted as a just verdict But the matter will not end with the creation of Canyon county Tiie Htatesman believes that as soon as Canyon county shall have become orguniz d, the people of the Payette country will Insist upon anothercounty being created for their part of the old Ada county. The question, it is to be hoped, will not be unduly agitated until it is submitted to the people two years hence. Any other course will be injurious to the Interests of both the section proposed for Canyon and for that part of Ada county which would be left intact. Two years hence is time enough to decide the question, and then let it be decided, so far as possible without malice, and upon the merits fairly presented.—Boise Htatesman. the it if it Spokane Interested. The late decision of the directors of the Northern Pacific to extend a line from this point into the famous Seven Devils country is creating considerable comment among our business men and stir of action among the railroad men located here. A corps of surveyors have received instructions to run a prelimi nary route ns soon ns possible into that region. The route is a very practical one and the rich mineral country tupped is without exception the finest in Idaho. Knowing this, capitalists in the southern part of this State uniting with others in Salt Lake, are now rap idly pushing a line from Salt Lake via Boise City into the Seven Devils, with the object of drawing all the the ores of that region to Salt Lake for smelting. Tills new extension of the Northern Pacific if pushed through will connect Spokune with the Seven Devi shy a di rect route, and by means of it the ores can be sent to the Spokane smelter. The distance from the Seven Devils to Spokane is but about half as great as to Salt Lake. The new branch will be valuable feeder for the development of Spokane. The Seven Devils is fabu lously rich in mineral wealth and with a short line laid from here into that country all its ores can be laid down in that city for smelting cheaper than at any other point. With a branch like the one proposed tapping such a region Spokane will lie without fear of compe tition the greatest mining and smelting center in.the M-est. Lewiston is inter ested in the new' extension as it will develop greatly the resources of her tributary territory but as the whole line centers at Spokane and any devel opment made will redound to the ben efit of that city, the building of the extension should lie encouraged and pushed toward rapid completion by the public spirited citizens of that city. Blaine and McConnell. Since Grover Cleveland placed him self upon record as an anti-free coinage man he has alienated himself from the western element of his party. The dem ocrats of Idaho, and they represent the seutlment of all western democrats, no longer regard him as a presidential pos sibility. They will not help to nomi nate a single-standard candidate; but the democrats of the East, especially of New' York, consider that Mr. Cleveland has strengthened his chances by issuing his anti-silver letter, and it is probable that they will work harder than ever for his nomination in 1892. If he should lie made the democratic candidate for president he would lie covered up with a shower of ballots as thick as snowflakes in a Dakota bliz zard. He might carry New York and the solid South, but even that is very doubtful. The farmers of the United States, the men who yield the balance of power, are so thoroughly imbued with free-silver ideas that they w'ould not tolerate a gold-bug candidate. As the political horizon appears at the present time the republicans will have a walkover in the next presiden tial election. Mr. Cleveland has split his party into two factions, but the re publicans are almost a unit in support of a double standard with 100 cents worth of silver in every silver dollar. The republicans of the West, it must be admitted, are inclined to be ultra free-coinage in their monetary views, and they will demand recognition in the make-up of the presidential ticket. James G. Blaine is the strongest man in the party, for his reciprocity scheme has won him friends in every corner of the Union. He is sound on financial questions. While he is anything but a single standard advocate, he does not fa vor the unlimited coinage of silver. i ^ Vdcas^trïkë a medium Ltwe^n' the ^ i w0 extremes. With Blaine for presl I dent and a silver man for vice-president the West, the East and the whole country would roll up such a republican majority as has never been known. Lut in selecting the candidate for vice-president with free silver procliv ities there must be care used. He should come from a western State, partly be cause the West is the silver producing portion of the country, partly because it lias never had recognition on a presi dential ticket, and partly because it is the most loyal republican stronghold. The western man will be nominated, if at all, because he is a silver advocate. Idaho is a silver State, and why shou. d it not be allowed to present a candidate for vice-president provided it has the proper man? Senator McConnell is choice of the whole state for that posi tion. His ability and fltness are con ceded. With Blaine of Maine for pre sident, representing the conservative views of the East and backed by his brilliant record as secretary of state and McConnell of Idaho for vice-presi dent, representing the free-silver ele men, of the West and backed by his whole career, the republican ticket would be borne to victory upon a tidal wave that would swamp Mr. Cleveland and ids cohorts forever. The republicans have bright-chances for success in 1892 if they use good man agement.—North Idaho Star. Is Free Coinage Dead. On Wall street a belief is dominant that the popular demand for free coin age has passed the zenith, and that there is no possibility of such legisla tion passing congress. Wall street is probably .correct. Public clamor al w ays goes by fits and starts, and is generally for remedial rather than pre ventive measure. When the nation was in the throes of a financial panic, and the country was unable to meet its obligations by reason of u pinched and restricted currency, the conviction came home with startling clearness that tiie demonetization of silver was largely responsible for the peril. It became plain that we had crowded on too much sail without increasing bal last, and the public easily compre hended the fallacy of the reasoning of the raonometaliists, who would hav reduced the circulating medium sev cral hundred million dollars if they had been given carte blanche of legis lation when the Bland act was liefere the country, and If they had been per mitted to bring about the repeal of that act. But the pinch'has passed, for the present. Silver legislation enacted by the present congress threw many additional millions into circulation, and as monetary confidence is restored, and gold and silver withdrawn from circulation are again brought out, it will probably be found that the country has sufficient money for immediate needs. Tiie public will then forget its recent pressing necessities, just as the savage forgets tiie famine of yesterday in the midst of the plenty of to-day. But it is the port of high statesman ship to benefit by the costly lesson and to guard us fur as possible against a repitition of the disaster. The moment nothing selfish is to be gained out of the cause of free coiuuge and the acquirement of a currency gradually swelling with the expansion of legiti mate industry and business, the dema gogues will drop it for some other popu lar movement, but the sincere advo cates of bimetallism will continue the agitation. Right now American diplo macy, under the keen and energetic guidance of Secretary Bluine, is quietly and vigorously working for interna tional recognition of silver. France has given her assent, and pressure is now being brought against Englnnd and Germany. It is extremely im probable, though, that these powers will give their assent unless forced to do so by self-interest. If they should S ersist in their policy of a single stan ard, France and the United States ought to lie sufficiently powerful to cut the Gordion knot. President Harrison, it is known, is a wurm advocate of in ternational free coinage, and those who know the purposes of his administra tion say he has an earnest ambition to bring about this great reform before the expiration of his term of office. Free coinage mav die with the dema gogues, but it will continue a living, predominant Issue with every earnest American who desires the utmost measure of prosperity for the people and the government.—Review. W. P. BELL, C. E., City and County SURVEYOR, Lewiston, Idaho. Orders left at my office or at the Saddler's Shop will receive prompt attention. MONEY b* Mrnrd tl our KSW Hm of work, rapidly and honorably, by Ihoaa of ' *r in, vouna or old, and In their localities,«* tiarevar t hey llva. Any ran do Iba work. Ea«y to learn. Wa furnish avarytbinir. Wa atart you. No risk. Yen* mu davoia your a para momenta, »r »II your time to the work. Tkia la nu ••lira I y uaw lead,an. I bn. g a wonderful auccaaa lo avary work«. Baainusra ora aaming from to $M par week and upwards, Md mort after • iittla exparianca. Wa can furnish you tka am ployment and teach you vMlI. No anoeoto nspUdn horn. Full Ufonuotiwa FMJUL TMl/JE A CO.» AlUlSTi For a fine turn-out in the way of spirited, yet perfectly gentle, teams and new buggies go to Lydon Bros. Their rigs are in first-class shape. DR. WM. CASTON, Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Exclusively. Hyde Block, Spokane Falls, Wash. J. B- Morris, M. D. Office in Hale A Cooper's building. DR. A. BARKAN, Specialist for Diseases of the Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat Has returned from E -rope and re sumed the practice of his profession. Office. 14 Grant Avenue, San Francisco, I- N. Maxwell, —AT LAW— Office on Main Street, Lewiston, Idaho. James W. Reid, Attorney at Law, Lewiston, Idaho. Will practice in tiie State and Federal courts of Idaho ami Washington. Of fice, room No. 6, Vollmer Block, up staiis. E. O'Neill, Attorney - at - Law, AND NOTARY PUBLIC. All Business carefully attended to. Will practice in all courts of Washing ton and Idaho. Office on Main street, Lewiston, opposite Bunnell's Store. JASPER RAND. J. M. HOWE. Notary Public. Rand & Howe, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Will practice in all the courtsof Idaho Idaho Territory and the Stuteof Wash ington. Will give prompt attention to all business entrusted to our care. Of fice on E street, Lewiston, Idaho. Real Estate and Loan Agents. NEW J. H OSS, Proprietor, One door east of Bunnell's Hardware Store. All kinds of Fresh and Cured Meats. A share of your patronage is solicited. S. S. ROGERS, LEWISTON, IDAHO. Form and town property bought and sold on commission. Office on Main St Why Send Your Work East? —WHEN— Ed. Smith, Artist, Lewiston, Idaho, Is prepared to execute all kinds of Artistic Work in the best possible style. Your photos en larged life size and paint ed in oil», water colors or pastel. The finest work in the northwest guaran teed and lowest prices. Give me a trial. LESSONS GIVEN. M. H. Sprague, GUNSMITH My shop now open and ready for all work in this line. Give me a cull. Lewiston, Idaho. . You Need But Ask *< 9 & § « 09 B tr o' iS TheS. B. Headache and Liver Cure taken according to directions will keep your Blood, Liver and Kid neys in good order. The S. B. Cough Cure for Colds, Coughs und Croup, in connection with the Headache Cure, is as near perfec tion as anything known. The S. B. Alpha Pain Cure for in ternal and external use, in Neuralgia, Toothache, Cramp Colic and Cholera Morbus is unsurpassed. They are well liked whet ever known. Manufactured at Dufur, Oregon. For sale by all druggists. D. S. DENT. C. E. BUTLER. DEffS 0 BUSIER. .DEALERS IN. Pure Drugs and Medicines. Prescriptions Carefully Compounded Day & Night Druggist's Sundries, Toilet Articles, Stationery and Fancy Goods. Headquarters for Books, Gold Pens . Novelties and Notions • Also Proprietors of Lewiston Soda Water Works. Orders from the Country Promptly Attended to 6E0. H. LAKE, JEWELER, puic* watch. l Mai m Dealer In CLOCKS, JEWELRY, EYE CLASSES. Spectacles, Etc , Etc. Engraving and Repairing at Reasonable Prices F*. P. MUD6E, Lewiston, - - Idaho. The Only Complete Set of Abstracts in Nez Perce Countii Abstracts to Title Furnished on Short Notice Titles Examined and Perfected, Real Estate Bought and Sold- Money to Loan on First Mortgage Security, at a Low rate of Interest Office in Hale § Cooper Block South Side of Main Street BYRON HARRIS, Dealer In A full line of Household Goods on hand. Store on Main Street, Lewiston, Idaho. Exchanges made on easy terms. H. H. Q. SALOON, SAM HOLT, Proprietor. LEWISTON. IDAHO. Keeps Constantly on Hand a Full Stock of Pure Wines, Liquors and Cigar*. CALIFORNIA.-:- BREWERY, Near Head of First Street, Lewiston, Idaho. CHRIS: WE1SCERBER, .... PROPRieTOR. CALI. AND bEE ME. FAMILY 6R06GRY. Louis Grostein, - - - - - Proprietor. A New and Iresh Stock of Groceries constantly kept on hand. Fruits. Canned Fruits, Coffees. Teas and Spices. A complete stock of Tobaccos and Cigars. Cheap for Cash. R.member the place on Main St., in the Greenburg building. o< HOTEL • DE . FRANCE, >• Corner of Second and "C" Streets, Lewiston, Idaho, Mme. Le Francois, Proprietress First Claas in Every Particular. Extra Accommodation for Commercial Man. LEWISTON ♦ BAKERY, S. WILDENTHALLER, Proprietor. Montgomery Street , Lewiston, Idaho • ......o...... Bread, Pics and Cakes, also Groceries, Confectioneries, Liquor* and tlpö* GentaFumishlng Goods, Family Groceries, Ect.