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KINCt OF ABYSSIMA.
MENELEK, THE PASSED SECOND. AWAY. Wa* tbt* rictnmqiie Figure Amonc tliu Nativ» Klu'er* of Africa — He Win I'r«s;rewlvtt aud Matle Many Improvements. HE DON CHISCI cite Della Manoia * we gr otte Della Maneia of Horae announces that ihe report that King Menelek of Abyssinia has been killed by a stroke of lightning is offi cially confirmed. King Menelek II. v.as the most inter esting and import ant native ruler in Africa. He was king of Shoa, south of Abyssinia, long before he ascended the throne of the larger kingdom. His people are of the same race, and speak the same language as the Abyssin ians. Their country is sim ply a part of Abyssinia whose chief be came powerful enough to be practically independent of the ruler further north. When King John was killed by the Mahdists in 1SS9 it was known to be his wish thai his nephew should succeed him. Menelek,however,proclaimed him self king of Abyssinia, and no faction was strong enough to oppose him ex cept that Tigre, the most northern pro vince, was very slow In yielding alle giance. About fifty-five years ago, King Hae lou. ruler of Shoa, heard one day that a woman of striking beauty was seeking alms at the doors of the palace. He sent for her, and was so greatly im pressed with her charms that he Intro duced her among the women of his establishment. When a little hoy was born the king said lie would not recog nize him as his son unless in the course of years he showed a striking resem blance to his majesty. As the boy grew up be came to look very much like his royal father, and the king named him as bis heir, though he had other sons who thought they had a better right to the throne. The boy was Menelek. The leading native ruler in Africa, there fore, was the son of a beggar, as well as of a king. It was bis ancient lineage, however, of which he was chiefly proud. It was his boast that ho was a lineal de scendant of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Physically the king was not an im pressive person. He was almost coal black, short and dumpy. Unlike his uncle. Ras Darghe, and others among his chief advisers, he was very friendly to Europeans until his recent trouble with Italy, and wanted to introduce their arts in his country. He had re markable fondness for machinery and implements cf all sorts, and his great est delight was to examine their MENELEK II. mechanism. Tourists say he ruined about a dozen watches and alarm cloaks, taking them apart and trying to put them together again. He became, at last, however, quite a proficient watch tinkerer. Several years ago Mr. Chefneux took the king as a present from the French government a mitrailleuse. For con venience of carrying it had been taken to pieces and compactly packed. The weapon reached the king several days before the traveler did, and, very much to Mr. Chefneux's . astonishment, he found the weapon properly put together ar.d mounted. The king had made a careful study of the mechanism of fire arms, and, with the aid of a picture of a mitrailleuse, he had prepared this lit tle surprise for the white man. The king was gentle and amiable to those who had hi3 friendship, hut he was guilty of acts of gross cruelty and injustice to conquered enemies. He largely widened the boundaries of Shoa by conquering the fierce Galla tribes around him. He was distinguished above a'l his advisers for his faith in the advantage of drawing useful les sons from civilized countries. He did not like missionaries, however. In 1885 he kept two Swedish missionaries prac tically prisoners in hi3 chief town for ten months, and then sent them back to the coast. Since then he has ex pelled all the French Catholic and Ger man missionaries from his country. The king was very angry at the de cision of the great powers to forbid the importation of firearms and gunpowder into the interior of Africa. He was, however, in a measure independent, as he made his own gunpowder and had a great number of improved firearms. In 1S79 he introduced some Swis3 en gineers, carpenters and machinists into Shoa for the purpose of carrying out various works. Among their undertak ings was the building of some stone houses, and as there were neither stone masons nor carpenters in the country the handful of white men made slow progress. Nobody volunteered to take up the stone hammer and chisel. The king thereupon decided to set hi3 subjects a good example. He put on working clothes, and with hammer in hand toiled for several days by the side of the Swiss while his subjects looked on in blank amazement. Then, little by little, they began to think it would be a good idea to imitate the royal example. They went to work with the tools the whites supplied, and before long a number of them had be come very fair masons and stonecut ters. The king also had several very good wagon roads built between some of his chief towns. There was not a bridge in the coun try. and Mr. Ilg, the Swiss engineer, told the king that he ought to have a bridge over a river leading to the re cently conquered Galla province, which in flood time could not be forded. "Make me a model of what you call a bridge," the king said. The same day one of Mr. Ilg's assist ants appeared before the king with the proposed plan of the bridge. The king was much pleased with it, and ordered that the work he Carried out at once. The difficulties were very great. It was necessary to transport trunks of trees a distance of ten miles in the burn ing sun. When the bridge was com pleted the king and his subjects would not risk their lives on it until the Swiss had given proof of its solidity by draw ing very heavy loaded wagons over It. Great was the joy of the king when he and his people were able to utilize the bridge. Later the Swiss built a blast furnace for tho smelting of Iron, a flour mill, and baking ovens. From time to time <«4 / 7 THE KING'S MOTHER, the King sent one or the other of them to Europe to purchase material. It has looked as though the work of these few Europeans would give civilization a considerable impetus among the health ful highlands of Ethiopia. But King Menelek has not lived on good terms with the Italians. He has never ceased to regret the day in 1889 when he signed a treaty practically placing Abyssinia under the protection of Italy. He has said, in later years, that the Italians asked an inch and took an ell. Ho has accused them of at tempting to absorb his country and make him merely a figurehead. That i3 the cause of the present war, in which the Italians, from the start, are rapidly getting the best of the fighting. The Italians assert, not only that the King violated his treaty, but also that he prevented Italian traders from doing business. They have gone into his country, to buy ivory, and they say that the King sent his agents far and wide to intercept ivory caravans, and when they reached the Italians they had no ivory to sell, because the King had bought every tusk. Now that the King is dead the Italians will probably have no diffi culty, as far as the natives are con cerned, In doing what they please with Abyssinia.—New York Sun. Mile» an a Clerk. There are still current in Boston some entertaining anecdotes of the ex periences as a clerk of General Nelson A. Miles. Miles arrived In Boston from the country town of his nativity clad in a green jacket, short trousers, and green tarpaulin hat—a style of attire that ex cited the hilarity of the city boys. He found employment in a crockery store, and after the outbreak of the war, when his name began to be mentioned in the dispatches, his old employer is said to have remarked that "if Nelson Miles could kill rebels as easily as he could Qnerr Cau.a for suicide. Frank E. Metzger, a prominent mer chant of Uniontown, Ala., committed suicide by jumping into a cistern in his yard. His brother had fought a street duel with the chief of police. The chief was killed, and Metzger, who is sllghtly wounded, has since been in Jail. Frank was greatly exercised over the affair, and went to the authorities and begged them to allow him to take ■\V GEN. MILES IN 1870. break crockery he would make a fine soldier." his brother's place in jail, and undergo whatever punishment he might have put on him. His offer was refused, and he then declared that rather than live to see his brother suffer he pre ferred death. Oll ln Washington Statt. A flowing well of petroleum was dis covered in the Olympic mountains in Washington last week. The oil is said to be identical in character with that of the eastern wells. Time sneers at the public's tastes. BRAYE MRS. BESANT. THE THEOSOPHIST LEADER IS COMING HERE AGAIN. Storr of Her Lifo from tlie Time of Her Mnrriaffo to tho Present I>ajr—* A Glance at lh» Iloliziou She It Advocating. z>\ INCE the death of Mme. Blavatsky, Mrs. Annie Besant has been the ac knowledged head and front of the theosophists. The theosophist may be lieve anything with regard to religion, but the vast mass of them agree on one point, and that is that the great relig ious teachers were men who had reached perfection through having lived many lives on earth, and that they con stitute a secret brotherhood, from which members are sent at intervals to teach humanity. As Mrs. Besant is said to contemplate a third visit to tho United States in the near future, it may be expected that the agitation of this peculiar religious theory will soon take on new life. Viewed from any aspect Mrs. Annie Besant is a strangely strong woman. Born in England, of Irish parents, her childhood was spent in an atmosphere of pure religion, and, upon attaining the age of young womanhood, she was of an exceedingly devotional nature. With a / ANNIE BESANT. strong Inclination for the cloister, she was diverted from the purpose of seek ing seclusion in a nunnery by the be lief that she could accomplish more for religion by marrying a clergyman, and at 20 she became the wife of Rev. Frank Besant, brother of the novelist, Walter Besant. She soon discovered that her husband's life did not conform to the lofty ideas of perfect religion which she had formed, and resented the disap pointment by not only refusing to go to church, but by resisting his authority as a husband, and finally becoming a heretic. The result was a separation, then a divorce, and, after that, all sorts of trials and troubles for the woman, which culminated in making her a leader among the socialists of London, a colaborer with Charles Bradlaugh In promulgating the doctrines of infidelity, and subsequently the disciple of and then the successor of Mme. Blavatsky as the leader and teacher of theosophy. Mrs. Besant has had a trouble life, and it must be said that she has borne her trials with much fortitude. Her association with Bradlaugh, which wns maintained without interruption until '.:!s death, resulted in ostracism from society and all sorts of condemnation f rom conventional people. But she pur seed her course unmindful of all this, and even in the face of the tearful pro testations of her mother, whom she dearly loved, and who is said to have died of a broken heart because of the actions of her daughter. It is through Mrs. Moncure D. Conway that she be came acquainted with Bradlaugh, aud through William T. Stead that she sub sequently met Mme. Blavatsky. But Mrs. Bcsani's life nas not been barren of good results. She became the champion of the poor in London, and by her tongue and pen did much toward ameliorating their condition in life. She procured for the overworked and underpaid match girls such reforms In j their work and wages as materially im | proved their condition. It was due . mainly to her agitation that John Burns j was given a seat In parliament, and ; under her guidance the working people of London were organized, with the re suit that many improvements in their social condition followed. During thin period of her labor she stood one night at the head of an army of workingmen in Trafalgar square and when a regi j ment of soldiers charged upon her force ■ with fixed bayonets, she stood her ' ground, remarking they had a right to he there. Her bravery won for her the 1 admiration of all England, j After this Mrs. Besant became the pu pil of Huxley, and under his tutorship studied science and philosophy. She first visited this country in March, 1891. and delivered several lectures. In 1893 she made her second visit as a delegate I of the theosophists in the Congress of , Religions at the World's Fair. Her ' contemplated visit is for the purpose ot delivering a series of lectures In the leading cities of the country. llant«l ant! (,r«t«l. The German composer, Humperdinck, who is introduced to American audi ences this seasou by the presentation of his famous fairy opera, ''Hansel and Gretel." Is forty-one years old, and a man of pleasing personality. He Is re garded as Wagner's heir, and his opera has enjoyed extraordinary vogue on the continent. The libretto Is based on tho nursery tale of tho "Babes In the Wood." As a student in the conserva tories of Cologne and Munich, Humper dinck bore off all the prizes, and after teaching in the Barcelona Conservatory he settled, in 1890, in Frankfurt. Latt Dayk of I.«». Cardinal Gibbons has given a graph ic description of the pope, who, now, in his eightv-sixth year, is pale and ema ciated, "with a pallor almost of death upon him." This pallor is intensified by the white eclesiasticnl garments ho habitually wears. His body Is consid erably bent with age, but his eye Is bright, his mind clear and luminous and hts power of physical endurance astonishing. A firent I'ntlerlnklng. A ship canal from Bordeaux to Nar Bonne, connecting the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, is one of the coming public enterprises. The distance is three hundred and twenty miles, and the breadth is to be one hundred and forty-four feet at the narrowest and two hundred and fifteen feet at the widest points, with an average depth of about thirty feet. There will he twenty-two locks, with full from twenty to sixty feet. In order to avoid delays and give ample space for navigation, there will be, at Intervals of about eight miles, sidings ihree-quurtcrs of a mile long. The locks will be eighty feet wide and six hundred and fifty-five feet long. The craft using this canal will be towed by fixed engines. Tho cost of the canal Is estimated at one hundred and fifty mil lions of dollars. Hart K«*nn«i'ly in London. Bart Kennedy, who has contributed to the columns of Leslie's Weekly, is now located tn London, where he seems to be making his way successfully. His port* ait, with a two-column sketch and interview, appears in tho London Amer ican, and the Sun has published several stories from his pen. Gph. Longstreet I« FhIUiii; Fant. According to a Philadelphia news paper man, who gave him careful scru il •dgt, w GEN. LONGSTREET. tiny recently, signs of age are becoming manifest in General James Longstreet, the last of the Confederate corps com manders. It is not only in his thin white hair and white whiskers, but In the stoop of his shoulders, his slowness of step, and the lack of fire In his eye. His deafness Is worse. General Long street is very unlike a military man In his attire, for ho affects clothes of sober black, not too well made, and It is al leged that a stranger might mistake him for a preacher. Aril» find I -WC«. By actual measurement of fifty Bkele tons the right arm and left leg have been found to be longer in twenty three, the left arm and right leg in six, the limbs on the right side longer than those on the left in four, and in the re mainder the inequality of the limbs was varied. Only seven out ot seventy skeletons measured, or tea per cent, had limbs of equal length. IS A CLEVER WRITER. JOE HOWARD A PAST MASTER IN JOURNALISM. Ms« Occupied Krcry I'mltlnn from Office Hoy t'p to Killtor — I!« IVrtil n tho rrocliiniatlon for President Lincoln l>urliig the War. N every place In America whore newspapers are published the name of Joseph Howard is known. Editors of the great metro politan dailies are heralded with their official title only und arc heard of as the editor of the rimes, of the World, or of the Tribune. Mr. Howard's personality, however, al ways accompanies bis work, and it Is perhaps no exaggeration to say that he has either written for or been quoted in every newspaper in the United States. He Is certainly an unique figure In American Journalism, and best charac terized as an "all-around newspaper man." Sixty-two years old. Joe Howard la to nil Intents and purposes a boy among hoys, a man among men, and a littera teur among those who look to style as the saving grace. He has a manner which suggests that he has said to him self at odd times: "They thing I'm bet ter natured than I am, and I'm darned if I'll allow the impression to prevail." A tyro might enter his office at the Times building und propound the most hore8ome questions imaginable, and Joe would explode, with the Intention of scaring him—but he wouldn't. That tyro would stay right there. He would see ia the kindly eyes confronting him an Intention "to help the young fellow out." And he wouldn't he mistaken, for Joe Howard has a soft spot In his heart for young and ambitious fellows. young fellows. JA f JOE HOWARD. particularly If he secs that they have the true newspaper instinct. Every position on a newspaper, from office boy up to managing editor, has been filled by Joe Howard. ''Howard's column" would be a welcome acquisi tion to any journal on this continent.. But they all can't get It. As a reconteur Howard is without an equal—not excepting Col. Robert Inger soll and Chauncey M. Depew, says a writer in Metropolitan .Magazine, And then Mr. Howard has the advantage of at least one of them In age, though you'd never think so till you heard him recount things away back in the fifties. An article which he contributed to a Western paper on''The Tragedies in New York Journalism" shows whnt a keen eye he has kept on happenings and what a serviceable memory he has. This, combined with rare descriptive powers and unlimited vocabulary, places him tn advance of others who would recount the notable things which have happened during his eventful ca In In have happened during his eventful ca reer. Joe Howard's participation in the his tory of the late rebellion Ib not a matter that need be left untold. His author ship of the famous proclamation, which created a greater sensation than any thing of the kind during that memor able contest, was not known at the time, hut has since served to place his name in patriotic chronicles. And yet he is the most unpretentious of men. Fam ous literary and newspaper men call on him often and are accorded a kind re ception, hut no better than that which he gives to the most diffident represen tative of a provincial newspaper. He will probably be at work until he drops the quill for the shroud. And thin, by the way, suggests that, although clinging to old newspaper traditions, he is anything but an opponent of news paper progress, for he has in reality already dropped the quill and dictates the great mass of matter whirh he turns out to a stenographer. When ho re lapses into the use of the pen It is to lend weight to a request for the ap pointment of some itinerant represen tative of the press in whom he takes a kindly Interest. Howard's success with the people is due to the fact that he writes for the people. He takes them into his confl I donee; he chats with them; he praises ! them; he scolds them; he laughs with them; and sometimes he cries with them. That Is why the people have a ; soft place in their hearts for anything signed Joe Howard. Ilmen Is a I>an<lv. It is rather edifying to learn that with all his keenness in laying bare the foibles and vanities of other people, Ib sen is himself a great deal of a dandy. He Is always to be seen on fine days in the fashionable promenade of Chris tiania, dressed smartly in broadcloth and immaculate linen and wearing the latest fad In gloves or neckties, while about him there is the conscious air : of being "somebody." The great play ! wright ia not an Adonis, however. He Is too Bhort and thickset for that, but j there is an appearance of power in him as he walks. BAIRD'S TAPIR. A Common Enough Animal TIMS CM Not Bo Boon la Any Collection. Still less known In this country, and never seen, either in menageries or mu seums, sre the two species of Tapir found In Central America. The stack, plump-bodied, chocolate-brown Tapir of South America we do see occasion ally, both alive and dead, but of Baird's Tapir there la not even one adalt stuffed specimen in existence, either is this country or In Europe. A few skulls and skeletons, and two or tbroo mutilated and unmounted aktns, are positively all the world posaesaea la representation of this species, sad. what is still worse, no naturalist baa yet had an opportunity to even writ* a description of tho full-grown animal! The young animal la known to be of a reddish-brown color, marked with Ir regular white spots and stripes. Our universal poverty la specimens of the Tapir named In honor of Prof. Baird la not due to the extrema rarity of the animal, but rather to a lack of enterprise on the part of the intelli gent white men who from time to time have had It in their power to proearo and to preserve specimens. The ani mal is well known in Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, sad south ern Mexico. Although Tapirs are usually found along small and well-shaded rivera ta the hot lowlands of the tropics, they are frequently found on forest-covered mountains as well. Dr. Frantsius In forma us that In Costa Rica Baird'S Tapir la found both in the lowlands sad on the highest mountain ranges. Ho aaya also that "It la much hunted, for Its flesh la very delicate; the back woodsmen salt It, or dry it In the air, and thus provide themselves with largo stores. Its thick hide Is very useful • • • Tapirs are very fond of the «nit-licks which are formed in the neighborhood of the numerous mineral springs by the evaporation of the sa line water. Here they are either shot with bulleta on moonlight ntghta, or are hunted down with dogs, and killed with spears."—(W. T. Hornaday, In St. Nicholas. a of a Th* (J*«faln«M of Dtomaad*. Diamond powder and chipa, and even the finest dust, are of great value tn the mechanical arts. Brazilian diamonds are now put to a novel and Interesting use. A thin disk of steel, seven feet la diameter, hae spaces nt Intervals ot about one and one-holt Inch so. Those spaces are filled In vflth pieces or steel that exactly fit, and Into these are aet the din* monda fixed in countersunk screw heads. They are arranged In groupa ot eight, aud are ao placed that they do not follow one exactly after the other In the cut, but each line taken its own course. This circular saw to used for cutting up blocks ot atone, and so offi cient la It that in less than two and one half years It has cut out four hundred and twenty thousand square fast ot stone, at a cost of a trifle lees than two cents a square foot. In this time it has been necessary to renew twenty ortho teeth, the average coat ot which hoe been about two dollars per tooth. U*n. liuoknar'« Borne, The favorite home of Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner le the little' log house in the Kentucky hllla In which ho woo born. From the day that he left tho army of tho Confederacy he has spent all hts available time there. The cabin la perhaps a hundred years old, and It la seventy-three years since Gen. Buck ner first saw the light of day there. Tho town to which It Is nearest la Munfords vllie, and no other house la in sight. Though handsomely furnlahed tn an antique way, there are no hangings to hide the logs. Perhaps the moat in teresting avtlclo In the house la the pis tol with which Burr killed Hamilton. A ««publican Campaigner. It la generally taken for granted that women do not know anything about MISS HELEN BOSWELL, practical politics. One woman has dem onstrated. however, that she has a very clear conception of what politics means. She is a Miss Helen Varick Boswell, who made before the Republican League convention at Binghamton the first speech on practical politics ever made before a New York State political convention by a woman. The speech was a good one, too, and showed that Miss Boswell had made a close study of the subject and had formed her own opinions of certain phases ot the politi cal situation. Resembles » Cow bey. Chartes F. Lummls, who writes ao en tertainingly of life in the far Southwest —life tinctured with Spanish, Aatec and Indian color—is a young man of thirty five, who Uvea nowadays in Lob Angeles, His old home was in the EaaL A chance acquaintance might mistake Urn for a Mexican cowboy, for he wean a brown corduroy suit with an enormous sombrero of the same color, and about hia waist is a red Bash, the product ot a Pueblo Indian loom. For a long tim* ha 1 IvoS In san Indian villaae. where ho