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Lewiston teller. [volume] (Lewiston, North Idaho) 1878-1900, June 18, 1896, Image 3

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fbe Créât FlillanthrupUt Vu Not Only
„ friend of l'eneeuietk Jews, Hut of
Downtrodden (ientlles us Well— Mis
lisjisroui t'liarltlos.
the great European
financier, and phil
anthropist, died the
other morning of
heart disease at his
estate near Ko
Maurice Hirsch
was born in Mu
nich, Bavaria, in
1833. His father, a
was granted a title
of nobility by the King of Bavaria for
important services to the state. Mau
rice Hirsch was educated in the schools
of his native city and Brussels. But
his talents were commercial, rather
than scholastic, and at the age of 17
he engaged in business. His abilities
in this direction soon became evident.
His moderate patrimony was largely
incree-scd and marriage with Mle.
Bischopheim, the daughter of a Belgian
senator, greatly Improved his social
and personal influence.
He saw very early the opportunity
for an enterprising capitalist to make
millions by covering Eastern Europe
with a network of railways. In 1866
the commercial collapse of a great
Belgian financier, which shook the
finaoial world of Belgium to its founda
tions, gave Baron Hirsch his great op
portunity. He secured the most valu
able of the assets, Including the Turk
ish railways. He became the contrac
tor of all the great lines connecting
Central and Eastern Europe, of which
that from Buda-Pesth to Varna is the
principal. It required diplomatic tact
of a high order to overcome the rival
rics and prejudices of the little Balkan
stales. Baron Hisch harmonized all
differences and overcame all obstacles.
No man who has acquired vast riches
has ever used them to better purposes
than Baron Hirsch. His charities in
Germany and Austria were innumer
able, and the poor of other countries
were by no means neglected. His
scheme for transplanting his unfortu
nate Russian coreligionists to South
America attracted great attention.
Thousands of colonists were sent to
the Argentine Republic at his expense
and enabled to establish agricultural
settlements. He offered $3,000,000 to
Russian schools, provided they should
be open to all, irrespective of race or
religion, but the Czar rejected the
Baren Hirsch was a Hebrew of the
Hebrews, but he thoroughly believed
In religious toleration. The priests of
his Austrian village were often seen at
his table. While his purse was open
to all good causes, the men and women
ol his own race were always preferred,
As he believed that they suffered more
inlust ice and persecution than any
other race or nationality. Wherever
there was any movement for the bene
fit of his people, he was found playing
a leading part.
Only one child, a son. was born to
him. and he died some years ago. He
had no use for his wealth except as a
means of dong good. He once said of
his charitable methods:
"I am desirous of doing something
with my wealth to make the lot of the
miseiable easier. If one could take his
money when he went, he might not care
to dispose of It In this way. But it
seems much better to me to look on its
beneficial distribution myself than to
leave it to be disposed of by bequests.
That seems like taking It from your
heirs. And I have no family. I had a
son. but he died. I have two adopted
sons, but they need no help. So there
arc only my wife and myself."
The systematic persecution of its
Jewish subjects by the Russian gov
ernment and the efforts of Baron
Hirsch to aid his coreligionists brought
him world-wide note as a philanthro
pist. He contributed enormous sums
to help suffering Hebrews out of Rus
sia and to start them in more tolerant
countries. Some years ago Baron
Hirsch contributed to an American
magazine an article in relation to this
Bubject, in which he said, among other
"What I desire to accomplish, what,
after many failures, has come to be the
object of my life, and that for which
I am retfty to stake my wealth and my
intellectual powers, is to give to a por
tion cf my companions in faith the pos
sibility of finding a new existence, pri
marily as farmers, and also as handi
craftsmen, in those lands w'here the
laws and religious tolerance permit
them to carry on the struggle for exist
ence as noble and responsible subjects
of a humane government. It has be
come a maxim and a typical reproach
against the Jews that they have no ln
clination for agriculture or manual j
labor. This is an error which is con- i
tradicted not only by modern exam- !
pies, but by history. The Jews, as ions
as they were politically Independent,
cared for their fields. They drove their
herds and were handicraftsmen. My
own observations and those of others
have proved that it is quite possible to
reawaken in the race this capacity and
love for agriculture. The poor Jew.
who until now has been hated as an
outcast, will win for himself peace and
independence, love for the ground he
tills and for freedom, and he will be
come a patriotic citizen of his new
home. Some years ago several hun
dred Jewish families were exiled from
Russia to the Argentine. In spite of
untold suffering, in spite of the great
est hindrances which they encountered,
they succeeded in taking root in their
new homes. These same families
which, a few years ago, bending under
heavy burdens, appeared to be only
wandering tradespeople in Russia, have
now become thrifty farmers, who, with
plow and hoe, know how to farm as
well as if they had never done any
thing else. The knowledge of this
guides me in my work and I am now
setting out with all my strength to
accomplish it. This is, in a few words,
the Idea which leads me in my philan
thropic work—the motive that lies at
the bottom of the plan."
The Men Who May
tlonal Republic
Figure In the
n Convention.
Garrett A. Hobart, of New Jersey,
who may be in evidence when the time
comes for the nomination of a vice
president by the republicans, is the
leading political manager in his state.
New Jersey republicans selected him
for that office long ago. When it was
known that John W. Griggs had been
elected governor of the state Mr.
Hobart's friends asserted the astute
New Jersey politician was the one
man to name for the vice-presidency.
Mr. Hobart is the New Jersey member
of the republican national committee
and has demonstrated beyond contro
versy hits splendid capacity for politics.
He long ago won Ills spurs among the
national leaders of the republican party
for his brains and political acumen. It
was he who originated the idea of run
ning Griggs for governor and carried
his idea through with brilliant success.
Three weeks before that election he
predicted: "We shall win by 20,000 or
nothing." Even the most sanguine of
his friends laughed at him, but when
the victory was won be wns over
whelmed with congratulations, and his
boom for the vice-presidency was
Ancient C'ltle«.
Ninevah was 15 miles long, 8 wide
and 40 miles round, with a wall 100
feet high, and thick enough for three
chariots abreast. Babylon was 50 miles
within the walls, which were 87 feet
thick and 350 high, with 100 brazen
gates. The Temple of Diana, at Ephe
sus, was 420 feet to the support of tho
roof. It was 100 years in building.
The largest of the pyramids is 461 feet
high, and 653 on the sides; its base
covers 11 acres. The stones are about
30 feet in length, and the layers are
380. It employed 330,000 men in build
ing. The labyrinth, in Egypt, contains
300 chambers 250 halls. Thebes, in
Egypt, presents ruins 27 miles round.
Athens wag 25 miles round, and con
tained 350,000 citizens and 400,000
slaves. The Temple of Delphos was so
rich in donations that it was plundered
of $500,000, and Nero carried away 200
statues, the walls of Rome were 13
miles round.
A Beauty ami a Singer.
London is waiting for the debut of
Miss Katherine Alleyne, a young con
tralto, who is to start under George
Miss Alleyne is young and pretty
with dark eyes and wavy hair. Her
voice is a rich contralto, which is said
to resemble May Yoke's in some re
spects, having those deep, strange
notes in the lower register. The tone
is round and soft, and it is expected
that she will make a hit.
Five persons are killed daily in the
mines of Envland
A Pi; If A R|v ART,!'* MAN
* ' *
Re*. William Cullen lllrks of Kentucky
Ha. a Most Wonderful Memory —
Preaching tb. Truth in the Byway*
of Clrlliznlon.
HE Rev. William
Cullan Hicks, a
brief reference to
whose extraordi
nary memory was
made in papers of
recent date, is a
most interesting
young man in many
respects. He Is now
conducting a series
of religious services
in Columbia, the capital of Adair coun
ty, Kentucky, and Is creating some
thing of a sensation In church circles,
not only on account of hts phenomenal
familiarity with the scriptures, but also
because of his unique and singularly
forcible style of preaching. Immense
crowds flock to hear him, and no build
ing In the town Is large enough to
contain his congregations.
Mr. Hicks Is only 28 years of age,
having been born on Dec. 22 1867, but
he has bad a varied experience for one
of his years. He was born In the hills
of Pulaski county, Ky., of humble par
ents, both full-blooded Irish, and in his
early youth received only meager edu
cational advantages.
Hicks has always been of a relig
ious turn of mind, and while attending
a protracted meeting at "Rock Lick
Missionary Baptist Church," in the
backwoods of Pulaski county, years
ago became "converted" and connected
himself with that congregation. He
then commenced the close and intense
study of the Bible, which has resulted
in his extraordinary acquirements in
that particular.
Mr. Hicks claims, and can satisfy
any one of the truthfulness of his alle
gations, that he can repeat absolutely
every chapter of the New Testament,
and all of the Old Testament with the
exception oi the Psalms. He can begin
at the first chapter and go through with
every one of the books, in correct con
secutive order, or can commence at the
last chapter and repeat them back
wards without missing a single sen
tence, skipping the Psalms, or he can
commence in the middle of the book
and go either way. He is willing at
all times to give exhibitions of his
capabilities in this line, and has been
put to the 'est so often that he has
about satisfied even the most incredu
lous about Columbia and throughout
Adair county. Ask him to recite any
chapter, simply giving him the book
and the number of the chapter, and
he goes to work upon it at once, with
out halting or hesitating, and com
pletes it, word for word. His perform
ances are amazing.
Mr. Hicks, since entering the evange
listic field, has not confined his work
to his native county, but has visited
every state in the Union with the ex
ception of three. He does not seek
those in high places, but prefers to
labor in the edges of civilization, as it
were, going into the back districts and
mountainors sections where churches
ara scarce and nreaehers more ao.
The personal appearance of Mr. Hicks ]
Is rather prepossessing, and in social I
intercourse he is what the average
man would term "pretty smooth." He
is about 5 feet 6 inches tall, weighs 162
pounds, and is of athletic build and
On. of the Moat Platurosquo Men In
American Polluent I>lf«.
Richard Park Bland, whose presi
dential boom was launched by the Mis
souri stlverltes, is one of the most
picturesque men in American political
life. He has been called "Silver Dick,"
"Silver Dollar Bland," "One-ldead
Bland," "Bulllonaire Bland," and
other sobriquets indicative of
the interest he has taken In
money matters and coin.
Mr. Bland was born in '35 near Hart
ford, Ky„ in "the Green River Country."
When about 20 years old Bland went
to Missouri, lived in that state five
years and then went to California and
later to Utah. He practiced law among
the miners and had ample opportunity
to study the mineral Interests and the
relative output of silver and gold. In
1865 he returned to Missouri and set
tled in Rolla, Phelps county. In 1869
he removed to Lebanon, which is bis
present home. He was first elected to
congress in 1872. He took bis seat
the following year after the demoneti
zation of silver. As early as 1877 Bland
began to fight for free coinage. He
was in congress for twenty-two years,
and his most noted measure was a bill
providing for the free and unlimited
coinage of silver, restoring 412V4 grains
of standard silver as the dollar and the
limit of value. The bill paaaed the
hoqse and was amended In the senate.
President Hayes vetoed it. Slnee his
defeat in 1894 Mr. Bland has cultivated
a farm near Lebanon, Mo.
A Blue tlrui Beauty.
The loveliest little Blue-Grass mat
ron who ever fluttered Into the "holy
estate" before her term of brilliant
budhood had half expired, Is Mrs
Frederick Brown, of Lexington, Ky,
a six-months' wife, not "sweet and
twenty"—at least not "twenty"—yet
Mrs. Brown Is the daughter of a dis
Ungulshed father, Mr. Claude M. John
son, a Kentuckian of much culture and
political prominence, formerly mayor
of the Blue Grass capital, and, sine
Cleveland's administration, chief of
the Bureau of Engraving and Printing
at Washington, D. C. Pretty Margaret
Johnson tasted the joys and triumphs
of half a Washington season, then sud
,'enly danced blithely over the traces
I What is a grand diplomatic alliance in
tho scale with love! Isn't there
ancient legend about love and lock
smiths, to t»y nothing of rope-lad
ders and Kentucky pluck? Mibb John
son and Mr. Brown found them all con
venient commodities.
Wrote a C aban-War 1*1« j.
The remarkable popular success of
th» first Cuban-war drama, "The Last
Stroke," makes the personality of the
author, Isaac N. Morris, of current In
terest. Mr. Morris is a slender and
rather boyish-looking young man of
perhaps twenty-nine years, who has
recently been a resident of Washing
ton. Previous to bis debut is dramatic
authorship with "Rival Candidates,"
which had a brief run in New York
two years ago, he had made a credit
able name as a newspaper writer in
St. Paul and Chicago. He is a great
grandson of Senator Morris of Ohio
Though fh« Jury Found the Culprit
Gnllty of n I»«nlt«ntlary Olfen«« U«
Told Illm to (Io nnd Sin No Mort—
Ina nnd Out« of taw.
NE touch of nature
makes the whole
world kin." We
are reminded of
the poet'B Immortal
words by a scene
recently enacted tn
a Chicago court of
Justice In which
Justice was tem
pered with mercy.
If all Judges should
follow the example net In this case—
well the world would not continue to
grow worse. From the Chicago Jour
nal of Law we quote the story aa fol
"According to a legend old, Man,
after his disobedience and consequent
fall, was summoned to appear before
his Creator. The Supreme Judge, be
tör passing sentence, sought the coun
sel of his ever attendant minister*.
Justice, Love and Mercy, propounding
to them the question, 'What ahall be
done with Man?' Justice answered
saying, 'Oh! Lord he has ainned and
should suffer death.' Love said.
He haa erred without excuse, and at
thy righteous hands deserves punish
ment dire;' Merey, in plaintive yet po
tent tones, replied, 'Oh! Most High,
forgive his past and entrust hla future
to me.' The Great Father, voiced the
Judgment of his eternal heart, saying,
Man, go thou and aln no more, re
memberlng thou art the Child of
"A most happy and deserving recog
nition of the moral of this legend found
full exemplification in Judge Dunne'i
court the other day. A man unable to
secure employment, driven to despera
tion and despair by the hunger and
suffering of his mother and motherless
child, had through forgery, obtained
the meanB to relieve them. He had been
indicted, and upon arraignment told
the simple, sad truth, the verdict was
guilty, and the sentence. Imprison
ment In the penitentiary. Hla honor
seeking as all judges should, full ad
vices an to the character of the cul
prit, discovered that his life bore no
prior blemish, and that he was known
among men ns a good citizen, a faithful
•son and devoted father. And al
though he w«b shackled in the chain
gang for removal to prison, this truly
Just judgo did not hesitate to reprieve
him, bidding him go forth and, reclaim
as his due deserving, his seemingly lost
estate among his fellowmen. This
simple yet suggestive act, so much out
of the ordinary of judicial procedure Is
a higher, a better—richer testimonial
to the worth and wisdom of the Jurist
whose face appears above, than any
decision a Judge, though he be a Mans
field or a Marshall, can ever render
How th. Lord'. Prayer It.ad. at Dir
f.r.nt Parlod. Sloe# 1158.
Few, scholars even, are aware of the
great changes through which the Eng
lish language has passed In successive
centuries. Following are specimens of
the Lord's prayer, as used at various
periods in English history:
A. I). 1158.—Fader ur heune, hale
welde belth thl neune, cumin thl kun
crlche, thy wille booth idon in heune
and In erthe. The euryeu dawe brlend,
gif oils thilk dawe. And vorzlf uer
detters us vi yorslfen ure dettoures.
And lene us nought Into temtatlon,
bot delyvor eus of evel. Amen.
A. D. 1300—Fader ure In heavene
Halewyn he thl name, thl kingdom
come, thy wllle be done as in heavene
and earthe—• Oua urche days bred give
us to daye. And forgive oure dettes as
we forgive oure dettoures. And lead
us nor in temptation, bote delyveor ua
of yvll. Amen.
A. D. 1370.—Oure fadir that arte tn
heunes hadowid be thl name thl king
dom come to, be thl wide done in erthe
as in heune, geve to, us this day oure
breed oure other substance forgene to
us our dettis as we forgauen to oure
dettouris, Jede us not into temptation;
but delyeur us yvel. Amen.
A. D. 1524.—Oura father which arte
in heven, hallowed be thy name. Let
thy kingdom come. Thy wyoll be ful
filled as well in earth as it is in heven.
Give us this day oure dayly brede. And
forgive us our trespaces even as we
forgive our trespacers. And lead us
not into temptation, but delyver us
from yvell. Fyr thpne Is tho kingdom?
and the power and glorve for ever.
A. D. 1561.—Our father which art in
heauen, sanctified be tby name. Let
thy kingdom come. Thy wilt be done,
as tn heauen, in earth also. Give us
to-day our suwe-sttaU-l, tread, j 7\ed
forgive ua our dettes *• we forgive oar
detters. And lead «a ndt Into tempt*- »
tion. But delivers us from evIL Amen.
A. D. 1711.—Our father which art la
heauen, hallowed be thy name. Thy
kingdom come. Thy will be done In
earth as It la In heauen. Give na this
day our dayley bread. And forgive us
our debta aa we forgive our debtors.
And lead ua not Into temptation, hot
deliver us from evil. For thyne la tho
klngdome and the power, and the glory
forever. Amen.
Olive Schreiner He. Oeee Beck *e Her
Tree.veel Hama.
When aome years ago the novel "Tho
Story of an African Farm" cam# out
people who admired tho book, Ita
strength and Insight Into llfa,, warn
atupefled by the announcement that Its
author, Oliva Schreiner, was n girl of
but 17 who had lived In tho South
African colony all bar Ufa and almost
In solitude. Since that time lflao
Schreiner has written several Other
hooka and atorles, notably "Draama";
been to England, married apt gone
back to Africa. In the past five years
she haa not changed much and her pic
ture rhowa her aa she la—abort, atout,
with a bright exp r ess i on. Whan in
London she had a pretty flat and wan
a moat charming hostess. She tit Ml
seem to be afllcted with conceit over
her success and took • great lateropt
In the social problems about which Lon
don was agitated. Mias Schreiner mal*
rled a Mr. Cronwrlght, a gentleman
farmer and neighbor of her family In
the Transvaal. Some comment was
made at the time of her wedding bo
cause Instead of hiking her husband**
name he tacked hers on to hla. This
was done tn order not to interféra with
her fame.
her fame.
Legal Vale* of a Haibaad.
A curious Judgment was pronounced
the other day by a Judge in a court of
law at Volisso, In the Island Sclo. An
action for damages waa brought hy two
persons against the local railway com
pany for losses sustained by a collision.
It appeared that a man had lost an
arm and a young woman had lout her
husband. The Judge, a Greek, assessed
the damages thua: He gave <,000
plasters to the man for the loos of
bis arm, and 2,000 to the woman for tha
loss fo her husband. At this there
were loud murmura, whereupon tha
judge gave his reasons In these terms:
"My dear people, my verdict must ro
main, for you will aee It la a juat one.
Poor Nlkalo has lost hla arm, and
nothing on earth can restore that price
less limb. But you"—turning to tha
young woman—"you are still young
and pretty. You have now aome money;
you will easily And another husband
who possibly may be aa good—perhaps,
better than—your dead lord. That ta
my verdict, my people, and so It must
go forth." So saying the Judge left
the ball. The people cheered him and
congratulated themselves on having
such a Judge.
Th* Haa la Bulawayo.
Captain John Sanctuary Ntcholaoa
la the officer now in command of ths
British forces at Buluwayo, the city In
Matabeleland that la beleagured by
the rebela. He la waiting for tho ar
rival of Sir Richard Martin, tho new
deputy high commissioner. Captain
Nicholson Joined the Seventh Hussars
twelve years ago, and attained tho
rank of captain In 1891. When General
Goodenough was the commander st tho
cape he appointed Nicholson successor
to Col. H. C. O. Plummer, the first com
missioner sent to take charge of tho
forces of the Chartered company. Tho
regiment in which Nicholson ts an offi
cer waa formerly stationed In India,
and arrived at Pietermaritzburg in Oc
tober. It is now stationed there. Cap
tain Nicholson was at once dispatched
to Buluwayo to take charge of all tha
military stores of the company. Tho
rising of the Mats'oeles has given hla
position a gra\uy and responsibility,
that were r.ot anticipated. Since hie
arrival in Rhodesia matters there havo
nssumed such a serious aspect that it
has been deemed advisable to put an
older and more experienced man
charge. The new- seneral will
your.; Nichrd"c t>C3 soon ao he arrives

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