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'UNCLE TOM" LIVES.
M / M ft % HERO OF MRS. STOWE'S NOVEL IS AMONG THE LIVING. Ill« Real Xante I* Lewis George Clark anil He Was for Many Y rar« a Slave of ttie Kennedy« of Mue Gr.ii fame. ARRIET Beecher Stowe's "U n c 1 e Tom's Cabin" opens with the sentence, "In the quiet, little town of P-." |''P -" means 'Paint Lick, in jGarrard county, Ky. "Uncle Tom's Cab in" first appeared forty-five years ago as a serial in the National Era of Washington. Mrs. Stowe saw fit then to call Paint Lick a "quiet little town." It is today, and only the slightest changes have been made in it since the story was written. Lewie George Clark, the prototype of "George Harris," the most promi nent figure in the novel, was owned by Gen. Thomas Kennedy, Garrard county's first representative in the gen eral assembly of Kentucky. He first belonged to John Banton, who was a party to the famous Banton counter feiting plot. Banton's detection led to the sale of young Clark to Gen. Kennedy, then the wealthiest man in the Blue Grass sec tion of Kentucky, and a large deal;r in race horses and slaves. When Gen. Kennedy died he bequeathed 100 slaves to his son, Thomas Kennedy, Jr. Among them was Clark. A house boy, Nor man Kennedy, was given to Robert Argo, and he still lives to tell of "George Harris," "Uncle Tom," and other characters in "Uncle Tom's Cabin." A correspondent visited the old Ken tucky homestead, yet a comfortable residence, and found old Norman work ing in the garden at the Argo place, which he has never left, though freed more than a score and a half of years ago. Norman is a midget. He is 95 years ^old, only 3 feet and 9 inches tall, and weighs less than sixty pounds. When Gen. Kennedy had a stable of running horses Norman was brought to ride for him, but his leg-* were so short he couldn't stay in the saddle, and fell off In more than one race. The old man remembers Clark well, for he had slept and worked with him. When young, Clark was a weaver knitter and sewer, and cooked well Because of these accomplishments he was not sent to work in the field dur ing Gen. Kennedy's life, and Norman Kennedy, being house boy„ got inti mately acquainted with the hero of "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Young Tom Kennedy did not long survive his father, and Clark was again about to be put up at auction with the other negroes when he determined to gain his liberty, whatever the cost, in forming Norman that he could soon bleach himself from the mulatto that he was to a fairly white man. He b gan to wear gloves and a big hat to work in order to avoid sunburn, and in a few months he escaped by steal ing a mule. He went north. His wife Maggie (the Eliza of the novel) was left behind, but soon ran off to Louisville. Mrs. Stowe's de scription of "Eliza's" (or Maggie's) es cape across the drifting ice of the Ohio river from Kentucky to Ohio and free dom is very dramatic, but old Uncle Norman Kennedy says Maggie really secreted herself in the Falls City until Clark's return from Ohio, when she joined him and the two went peace fully and unpursued up the Ohio riv on a steamboat to Cincinnati, Eliza was an octoroon, won by Gen. Ken . nedy on a horse race in Indian Terri tory. Clark found work In Cincinnati and remained there until he went north and later to Cambridge, Mass., where lie was given employment by Mrs. A H. Safford, a daughter of Lyman Beech er, father of Mrs. Stowe. Although Mrs. Stowe (then Miss Beecher) was teaching at Lane Seminary, in Cincin nati, while Clark was in the city, she never met or heard of him there, as U the popular belief. It was at Mrs m t V k if LEWI8 G. CLARK. Safford's home in Cambridge that Mrs. Stowe first saw Clark. She became in terested in his narrative of his exper iences, and from him got the story of the characters in "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Old Norman denies the allegation that Gen. Kennedy was cruel to his slaves. The "Little Eva" of the book still lives. She is now a grandmother and her son-in-law Is one of the lead ing democrats of Kentucky. The Price of F««c«. The incomprehensible sum of £140,000,000 is annually offered as a tribute to enduring tranquillity among the European countries. It costs that to maintain peace, and the figures are continually swelling. The largest fund expended yearly by any country on behalf of its army is that of Russia, the latest military budget of ■which amounted to £42,500,000. This fund went to support, in a maze of or ganization and government, the mnn strous army of 3,0*7,000, which serves as a neuclus for the more gigantic force of 12.918,000 in time of trouble. The Germans come next with their ex penditures, that their army of 584,734 may be ready for emergency, when the force can be increased to 3,700,000. France expends £24,500,000 to keep 524.768 men in training ready to bo augmented into a force of 2,930,000. The cost of Great Britain's army is but £17,500,000, which is an economical sum, considering that at home and abroad the British have on their pay rolls a force of 865.421. Spain main tains an army of 95.000 at a cost of ,000,000 per year, although since the start of the war in Cuba that sum has more than doubled.—-London Daily Mail. About Lntly llurrourt. Lady Harcourt, the wife of the lead er of the opposition in the house of commons is not so well known as her distinguished husband. She has, how ever, a distinct claim to notice in that she is the daughter of John Lothrop Motley, the famous historian and au thor of the Standard History of the Dutch Republic. Lady Harcourt was Elizabeth Motley, and was Mrs. J. P. Ives when she married the English ,Vr Ï m me LADY HARCOURT, statesman in 1876. Sir William was married first, in 1859, to Lady Theresa Lewis, the widow of Sir George Corne wall Lewis, Bart. He met his present wife during the time her father was the American minister to London. Lady Harcourt takes a keen interest in English politics and follows the campaigns with no little concern. She is something of a student of English methods of legislation, and her figure is a familiar one in the ladies' gallery of the house of commons. The Immensity of Space. It is almost impossible for the mini to comprehend the vastness of the spaces that separate us from the stars, even from those that are nearest. Some idea of our marvelous distance from Sirius, the nearest fixed star, and which shines brightest in the heavens, is given by this illustration. A scien tific writer says that if people on *he star Sirius have telescopes powerful enough to distinguish objects on this planet, and are looking at it now, they are witnessing the destruction of Jeru salem, which took place over 1,800 years ago. Of course, the reason of this is that the light which the world reflects, traveling, as it does, at the rate of 186,000 miles per second, would take over eighteen centuries to reach the nearest fixed star. Tommy Could Tell« "Now', can any little boy tell me what the word 'debut' means?" asked the teacher, pleasantly. There was a dead silence. "Come, come," she continued In an encouraging tone, "let me see if 1 can not help you a little. You all remem ber when I became your teacher?" "Yes, ma'am," in a chorus. "Well, the first day I presented my self before you, what was R I made?" "Please, ma'am, I know," from Tom my Traddles. "That's it, Tommy, said the teacher, with a pleased smile. "Tell the rest of the boys what it was I made." "A big bluff," said Tommy.—Mil waukee Wisconsin. Lexurl«« to II« Avallr.l Of. "I reckon I's got 'bout de fines' ser vice plase dat dar is in de town," said one colored girl. " 'Tain't ez fine es mine is," replied the other. "Sho! I's seen yoh place. We's got moquette kyapets whah yoh has in grain. We's got decorations all ober ebrything." "Mebbe yoh Is. But whut good does dev do yer? Yoh people goes erway foil de summer an' stays three oh foh weeks. My people's gwinter be gone six months."—Washington Star. he a Electricity In India. The temples of India are to be light ed with electricity, the example having been set by the great shrine of Siva, at Kochicaddie, near Mutwal, in Ceylon, and is to be speedily followed by the equally vast and ancient foundation of the Natukotta, in the same island. In no long time others will adopt the same improvement, till all the holy places of the peninsula are so equipped that by pressing the button they can be in stantly illuminated like the modern hotel or theater. Drawn Through Diamonds. The finest wire in the country is made at Taunton, Mass. This metal cobweb of minute diameter is exactly the l-500th part of an inch in thick ness—much liner than human hair. Ordinary wire, even though of small diameter, is drawn through holes in steel plates, but on account of the wear such plates cannot be used in making the hair wire. The Taunton factory mentioned uses drilled diamonds for that purpose. 1 j \ ; I CANADAS PREMIER. WILIFRED LAURIER THE NEW LIBERAL LEADER. The Recent I,«n«Utltle In the Queen*« Domlniou« the Kenult of Aliuont Twenty Yearn of Mlngovr rainent by the Con servât Iven. [RINDER the leader ship of Laurier the Canadian Liberals have succeeded in Rousting the Con servatives from power in the Do SfR minion, The re '! jSsult of the polling throughout thf Do minion caused an outburst of unusu al popular enthusiasm. Even dyed-in the-wool conservatives, who had voted for the govenment in response to the crack of the party whip, admitted that, on the whole, they did not altogether regret that a change had taken place. There was a feeling among many of the most loyal conservatives that the leaders of the party, especially Sir Charles Tupper, had, as the result of a long and uninterrupted lease of power, come to regard Canada as their own special property, and the "National policy" as a charm to conjure with for all time. On more than one occasion, notably in the cases of Montreal and Winnipeg, they showed they had the idea that they could not only ignore but actually snub those cities when approached by their representatives with a request for 'i/i MATTHEW MAGUIRE. CHARLES MATCHETT. some favor. This was why Hugh John Macdonald, son of the great leader of the conservative party, gave up his seat as member from Winnipeg, ac knowledging In 60 many words that he did not care to represent a constitu ency any longer for whom lie could obtain nothing, simply because they were regarded as sure for the party. Sir Mackenzie Bow< 11 even flouted the conservatives of Winnipeg when they remonstrated with him on the subject, and dared them to vote fur a liberal. They answered by sending "Joe" Martin, author of the Manitoba Education Act of 1890, and a strong liberal, as their representative to suc ceed Hugh John Macdonald. Mont real followed suit by electing James McShane, a former member of the Mer cier Cabinet, to succeed J. J. Curran, a conservative, whom Bowell had, ap parently in a spirit of bravado, ele vated to the bench to give the voters of Montreal a chance to declare them selves. Another and very significant feature in the result was that the vote in the pr ovince of Quebec, which is over whelmingly French Roman Catholic, gave Mr. Laurier and the liberals an increased majority, instead of being cast, as Sir Charles Tupper expected, almost as a unit for the government. There is a growing sense of the urgent necessity of readjusting the "National Policy" in such a way ami to such an extent as to lighten the tax ation of the masses and increase ilie r .W' WILFRID LAURIER, levy hitherto made on the favorel classes. To call the result a "landslide" is not putting the case any too strong. Not only was the majority of forty which the conservatives had In the last house of commons wiped out, but tIlf handsome majority over all the pie ties—conservatives, patrons and Mi Carthyltcs—of twenty-four was se cured by Wilfrid Laurier. This means five years of liberal rule for Canada. The l'htnr« of • Lifetime. When the Vanderbilts obtained con 1 trol of the Union Baciflc Railway, j William H. made a trip In a special ear over the branch line known as the \ Denver & South Bark, which runs from the capital city to Leadville. This is th" road of which O. H. Rolhbacker ; once wrote: "The Denver & South park is a narrow gauge road, except I where the track is spread to a broad gauge." While the Vanderbilt car carried a chef and a well-stocked larder, the magnate, soon after entering the South Park country, felt a longing for a glass of fresh milk, and when the train pulled into Como he sent his servant into the depot hotel to get the desired article. The servant returned accom panied by the hotel proprietor, Char ley Benedict. The latter carried a glass of milk, refusing to allow anyone but himself the honor of serving such j a distinguished patron. Vanderbilt quaffed the milk, pro nounced it excellent and handed Benedict a $5 gold piece. The hotel man said "thanks" and started to make his exit. "I say," called the railway king, "don't 1 get any change?" "No, sir." "How's that?" "Well, you don't get any. That's how." "Milk la pretty high out here, isn't it?" "Yep." "Do you charge everybody |5 a glass for milk?" "No; some only pay 5 cents." "Why do you charge me more than others?" "Because wo fellows out here only get a chance at you once in a lifetime," and Benedict bowed himself out of the car.—Chicago Times-Herald. HAVING SOME FUN. BoclalUlle Candlilst«« fur the l'r«ildeor> of the United State«. The national socialistic labor party held a national convention in New York recently nominating as candi dates for president and vice-president Charles Malchett and Matthew Ma guire of New ork and New Jersey, respectively. Mr. Matchett Is a car penter employed by the New York and New Jersey Telephone Company. He lives at No.16 Smith street, Brooklyn. He once ran for mayor of Brooklyn on the socialistic ticket and he re ceived 4.6U0 votes. He was also a so cialistic candidate for governor and a candidate for vice-president In the last campaign. Matthew Maguire is known aa the socialistic alderman of Pater son. He is a machinist by trade and has been been identified with labor movements for many years. Ho is called the founder of the Central Labor Union in this city. The socialistic vote in the United States increased from 2,000 in 1888 to nearly 43,000 iu 1895. SHE WAS SHY ONE TURK. Protest of mi Andlem-e Alf»l»«t II« h «rill's l.o«« of » Servant. Sarah Bernhardt was once playing at Marseilles in a spectacular play In which she made her entree accom panied by six Turkish slaves. A line on '.lie programme announced that these six Turks would accompany Mine Bernhardt, but when the time came for them to go one of the youngsters had disappeared. Then a still, small voice in the gallery murmured some t!iiug in an Indignant tone. Fifty voices immediately took up the strain, and in ten seconds more the whole house was shouting the same phrase Bernhardt strained every nerve catch what they were complaining about. She knew the phrase began with "Manque." but the rest of it was lost in the general hubbub. For a full minute the tumult continued. Then, Sarah, muttering things below h< breath, rnslmd like fury down to the footlights. In tin front row ilie actress had spotted one man who was not tak ing part in the hullabaloo. Pointing al him, the actress ex- lainied, sternly ' \ o11 seem to lie the only sensible per son in t h i s house . Tell me what on earth they a re kicking up tliis row lor?" The man rose, bowei to th«» act res: I rem arked In ery bad Ameri •an-1 Toneh : "Madam, you are sliv one Turk." Sun. New York Evening Kr*« Heading In £l»m. Bangkok, the capital of Siam, has had a free public library since last November, which is used by 1.000 read ers weekly. Once a week lectures are given, which are well attended by at tentive aiiuiences. Of newspapers th*» Siam Observer and Bangkok Times print the news both in English and Si amese, but the Dlianiruasatvinicchal i; written entirely in Siamese. Fire Proof Paper. To make fire-proof paper nothing more Is necessary than to dip the paper in a strong solution of alum* water, and when thoroughly dry it will resist the action of flame. Some paper re quires to imbibe more of the solution than it will take up at a single im mersion, and the process may be re peated until It becomes thoroughly saturated. THE LATE F. H. HURD. CAREER OF ILLUSTRIOUS EX CONGRESSMAN OF OHIO. a® tpopl.ii I« the ('ante of III« Death— 111* Many Contest« for the National Legislature — Aspiration« for Office Re cently Laid Aside. RANK H. Hurd, the eminent states man and lawyer, died in his apart ments in the Boody House, Toledo, Ohio, recently af ter a few days' Ill ness. He was able to walk about his room until the pre vious day, when he was stricken with apoplexy. The recurring attacks rendered him uncon scious, In which condition he lay until death. . Frank Hurd was born ftt Mount Vernon, Knox county. Ohio, Dec. 25, 1841. His father, Judge Hurd, took great pains with his education, and at an earlier age than is usual he was sent to Kenyon college, at Gam bler, where he graduated when but 17 years of age, taking the highest honors of his class. The next four years were spent in his father's office, In the study of the law. At the age of 21 Mr. Hurd was admitted to practice, and from the beginning took a high rank in his pro fession. In 1863 he was elected prose cuting attorney for Knox county, and In 1866 was sent to the state senate, where he served one term with distinc tion. In 1868 Mr. Hurd was appointed to codify the criminal lawB of Ohio, which commission was ably executed. In 1869 he came to Toledo and formed a partnership with Judge Charles H. Scribner. During their partnership Harvey Scribner was admitted to the Arm, and when Judge Scribner retired to go upon the bench, Mr. Hurd re tained his connection with Harvey Scribner until Jan. 1, 1894. In 1872 Mr. Hurd was first nominated for congress, and his career as a na tional character began from that time. He was defeated in that canvass by I. R. Sherwood. In 1874 he again ran for congress, and this time was success ful. He was re-elected in 1876, but was unseated by J. D. Cox. Iu 1878 he was agnin elected, defeating J. B. iiickey In a close contest. In 1880 he was again defeated, Judge J. M. Ritchie being elected. In 1882 he was again elected, but in the campaign of 1883 he was defeated by Jacob Romels. FRANK H. HURD. Since 1884 Mr. Hurd has been out of polities In the sense of being au as pirant for any public office, but his in fluence has been felt In his party at all times and on many occasions his voice has been the strongest In shaping its policy In Ohio. Jan. 1, 1894, he formed a law partnership with O. S. Brumback and C. A. Thatcher, which continued to his death. HE WAS A YANK. tYbf til« Hnuthern Army Derided to ! Murrender. Governor Matthews Is telling a good story he heard in the South recently, says the Indianapolis Sentinel. In a valley In the northern part of Georgia, between two mountains which shut out all communication with the outside world, there lived an old planter, who, while au ardent adherent of the south ern cause, was too badly crippled by infirmities to shoulder a musket and march barefooted. But he had a son whom he sent, and after the boy had disappeared down the road the old man waited for the news of the strife. Oc casionally rumors of southern victories would float over the mountains and the old man —Uncle S--ho was called— would rejoice and take an unusually large dose of mint Julep. At other times, when reverse news came and it was reported that the gray had been turned back, the old man would bitter ly lament and use the same remedy for grief and sorrow that he UBed to quiet his joy. Through it all he had abund ant faitli in the ultimate victory of the Confederate army and any doubt ex pressed would meet with a stern re buke. The years wore on and news failed to arrive. The valley was deserted and there was no one to learn the course of events. The old man smoked his pipe and waited impatiently for news. One morning as he sat on hls front porch with his pipe, far down the dusty rood appeared the form of a solitary pedestrian. Gradually he approached and the feeble vision of the old planter recognized his long absent son. The puffs from his pipe came thick and fast, but this was the only sign of eagerness or nervousness displayed, The gate swung open and the soldier walked up and sat down on the steps. ''Mornin', Jim," said the old man. •'.Mornin'. pap," was the quiet re sponse. w •'Shot?" "No'p." •'Sick?" "No'p." The old man reached behind him for a stout club which he used aa a cane. "Jim," he said, nervously, "Jim, ye didn't desart ?" "No, we're whupped." "What!" "Yes, we're whupped. Lee has sur rendered with hia army and we laid down our guns." "Jim, how did it happen?" "Well, pap, we all fought our beet as long as It was an even shake; but we uns all found out 'at the Lord wee a Yank an* It waa no use. We uns laid down our guns an' cum home." A Fanion« g«fllakn«s. George Tin worth, whose marvelous panels representing sacred subjects have made him the most famous artist In terra cotta of bla generation, was born In London, Nov. 5, 184«. Tbs son of a poor wheelwright, he culti vated wood carving in early life, «ret as a diversion and afterward, having taken lessons of Lambem, pursued the art as an avocation. In 1884 he en tered the academy schools, soon de« GEORGE TINWORTH. veloped a high order of talent, and hit exhibits of figures, solitary and lB groups, challenged such marked atten« tlon that he obtained a permanent ap« pointment In the great Doulton art pottery in 1867. The grace and dig« nlty of hls compositions have beon pro« nounced by competent critics aa beyond praise. An Important example of bit work Is the reredos In York Minster. Ancient Jnoriinllsm. At a recent congresa of journalist* held at Heidelberg, fae similes of thfl first newspaper ever printed were dla« trlbuted to the members. It to a sheet published at Strasburg in 1609 by Jo« hann Carolus. In a letter from Ven« Ice, dated Sept. 4, in the first number, Galileo's discovery of the telescope is announced. "The government has add« ed one hundred crowns to the pen« sion of Master Galileo Galilei, of Flor« once, professor at Padua, because bs has Invented an Instrument which en« ables one to see distant places aa If they were quite near." A Deadly Rifle. Italy has a new magazine rifle, which holds only six cartridges, but can bfl filled and discharged In fifteen seconds. The bullet has an outside covering of German silver with a case of lead, hardened by antimony, and will go through a brick wall three feet thick at a range of a quarter of a mile. The bor* range of a quarter of a mile. The hors is 0.256 Inches and the trajectory to ao flat that the rifle can be fired up to ■ range of 650 yards without using tbo folding sight, which is set for as long • range as 2,200 yards. ■lepen'« Naw Minuter. M. Hoshl, Japan's new minister to this country. Is a statesman and scholar of prominence. Mr. Hoshl—the namo means "star"—has long been a promt« nent figure In the political arena of Japan. He studied law In England, and was one of the first Japanese to become a barrister at the Middle Tom« wr ! ; ; i ''* e ' * 8 an e *'P res ldent *- ,ower House of the Japanese diet ot con 8 re88 - ; ' simitar, Squildlg—Campaign lies remind mfl ' of mosquito nettings, McSwIllgen—Too thin, eh! ; "No." "Then how do they remind you?" "Made out of hole cloth."—Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph. -—* a Monopoly, ,\t Redditch, England, 20,000 peoplfl make more than 100,000.000 needles B year, and they are made and exported so cheaply that England has no rival and practically monopolizes the trad^ -- A man without enemies may not bfl ' much of a man, but he has a soft tlntfl of iL - ~ M. HOSHI TORRI.