'UNCLE TOM" LIVES.
HERO OF MRS. STOWE'S NOVEL
IS AMONG THE LIVING.
Ill« Real Xante I* Lewis George Clark
anil He Was for Many Y rar« a Slave
of ttie Kennedy« of Mue Gr.ii
Stowe's "U n c 1 e
Tom's Cabin" opens
with the sentence,
"In the quiet, little
town of P-."
|''P -" means
'Paint Lick, in
jGarrard county, Ky.
"Uncle Tom's Cab
in" first appeared
forty-five years ago
as a serial in the National Era of
Washington. Mrs. Stowe saw fit then
to call Paint Lick a "quiet little town."
It is today, and only the slightest
changes have been made in it since
the story was written.
Lewie George Clark, the prototype
of "George Harris," the most promi
nent figure in the novel, was owned
by Gen. Thomas Kennedy, Garrard
county's first representative in the gen
eral assembly of Kentucky. He first
belonged to John Banton, who was a
party to the famous Banton counter
Banton's detection led to the sale of
young Clark to Gen. Kennedy, then the
wealthiest man in the Blue Grass sec
tion of Kentucky, and a large deal;r
in race horses and slaves. When Gen.
Kennedy died he bequeathed 100 slaves
to his son, Thomas Kennedy, Jr. Among
them was Clark. A house boy, Nor
man Kennedy, was given to Robert
Argo, and he still lives to tell of
"George Harris," "Uncle Tom," and
other characters in "Uncle Tom's
A correspondent visited the old Ken
tucky homestead, yet a comfortable
residence, and found old Norman work
ing in the garden at the Argo place,
which he has never left, though freed
more than a score and a half of years
Norman is a midget. He is 95 years
^old, only 3 feet and 9 inches tall, and
weighs less than sixty pounds.
When Gen. Kennedy had a stable of
running horses Norman was brought
to ride for him, but his leg-* were so
short he couldn't stay in the saddle,
and fell off In more than one race.
The old man remembers Clark well,
for he had slept and worked with him.
When young, Clark was a weaver
knitter and sewer, and cooked well
Because of these accomplishments he
was not sent to work in the field dur
ing Gen. Kennedy's life, and Norman
Kennedy, being house boy„ got inti
mately acquainted with the hero of
"Uncle Tom's Cabin."
Young Tom Kennedy did not long
survive his father, and Clark was again
about to be put up at auction with the
other negroes when he determined to
gain his liberty, whatever the cost, in
forming Norman that he could soon
bleach himself from the mulatto that
he was to a fairly white man. He b
gan to wear gloves and a big hat to
work in order to avoid sunburn, and
in a few months he escaped by steal
ing a mule. He went north.
His wife Maggie (the Eliza of the
novel) was left behind, but soon ran
off to Louisville. Mrs. Stowe's de
scription of "Eliza's" (or Maggie's) es
cape across the drifting ice of the Ohio
river from Kentucky to Ohio and free
dom is very dramatic, but old Uncle
Norman Kennedy says Maggie really
secreted herself in the Falls City until
Clark's return from Ohio, when she
joined him and the two went peace
fully and unpursued up the Ohio riv
on a steamboat to Cincinnati, Eliza
was an octoroon, won by Gen. Ken
. nedy on a horse race in Indian Terri
Clark found work In Cincinnati and
remained there until he went north
and later to Cambridge, Mass., where
lie was given employment by Mrs. A
H. Safford, a daughter of Lyman Beech
er, father of Mrs. Stowe. Although
Mrs. Stowe (then Miss Beecher) was
teaching at Lane Seminary, in Cincin
nati, while Clark was in the city, she
never met or heard of him there, as
U the popular belief. It was at Mrs
LEWI8 G. CLARK.
Safford's home in Cambridge that Mrs.
Stowe first saw Clark. She became in
terested in his narrative of his exper
iences, and from him got the story of
the characters in "Uncle Tom's Cabin."
Old Norman denies the allegation
that Gen. Kennedy was cruel to his
slaves. The "Little Eva" of the book
still lives. She is now a grandmother
and her son-in-law Is one of the lead
ing democrats of Kentucky.
The Price of F««c«.
The incomprehensible sum of
£140,000,000 is annually offered as a
tribute to enduring tranquillity
among the European countries. It
costs that to maintain peace, and the
figures are continually swelling. The
largest fund expended yearly by any
country on behalf of its army is that of
Russia, the latest military budget of
■which amounted to £42,500,000. This
fund went to support, in a maze of or
ganization and government, the mnn
strous army of 3,0*7,000, which serves
as a neuclus for the more gigantic
force of 12.918,000 in time of trouble.
The Germans come next with their ex
penditures, that their army of 584,734
may be ready for emergency, when the
force can be increased to 3,700,000.
France expends £24,500,000 to keep
524.768 men in training ready to bo
augmented into a force of 2,930,000.
The cost of Great Britain's army is but
£17,500,000, which is an economical
sum, considering that at home and
abroad the British have on their pay
rolls a force of 865.421. Spain main
tains an army of 95.000 at a cost of
,000,000 per year, although since the
start of the war in Cuba that sum has
more than doubled.—-London Daily
About Lntly llurrourt.
Lady Harcourt, the wife of the lead
er of the opposition in the house of
commons is not so well known as her
distinguished husband. She has, how
ever, a distinct claim to notice in that
she is the daughter of John Lothrop
Motley, the famous historian and au
thor of the Standard History of the
Dutch Republic. Lady Harcourt was
Elizabeth Motley, and was Mrs. J. P.
Ives when she married the English
statesman in 1876. Sir William was
married first, in 1859, to Lady Theresa
Lewis, the widow of Sir George Corne
wall Lewis, Bart. He met his present
wife during the time her father was
the American minister to London.
Lady Harcourt takes a keen interest
in English politics and follows the
campaigns with no little concern. She
is something of a student of English
methods of legislation, and her figure
is a familiar one in the ladies' gallery
of the house of commons.
The Immensity of Space.
It is almost impossible for the mini
to comprehend the vastness of the
spaces that separate us from the stars,
even from those that are nearest. Some
idea of our marvelous distance from
Sirius, the nearest fixed star, and
which shines brightest in the heavens,
is given by this illustration. A scien
tific writer says that if people on *he
star Sirius have telescopes powerful
enough to distinguish objects on this
planet, and are looking at it now, they
are witnessing the destruction of Jeru
salem, which took place over 1,800
years ago. Of course, the reason of
this is that the light which the world
reflects, traveling, as it does, at the
rate of 186,000 miles per second, would
take over eighteen centuries to reach
the nearest fixed star.
Tommy Could Tell«
"Now', can any little boy tell me
what the word 'debut' means?" asked
the teacher, pleasantly.
There was a dead silence.
"Come, come," she continued In an
encouraging tone, "let me see if 1 can
not help you a little. You all remem
ber when I became your teacher?"
"Yes, ma'am," in a chorus.
"Well, the first day I presented my
self before you, what was R I made?"
"Please, ma'am, I know," from Tom
"That's it, Tommy, said the teacher,
with a pleased smile. "Tell the rest of
the boys what it was I made."
"A big bluff," said Tommy.—Mil
Lexurl«« to II« Avallr.l Of.
"I reckon I's got 'bout de fines' ser
vice plase dat dar is in de town," said
one colored girl.
" 'Tain't ez fine es mine is," replied
"Sho! I's seen yoh place. We's got
moquette kyapets whah yoh has in
grain. We's got decorations all ober
"Mebbe yoh Is. But whut good does
dev do yer? Yoh people goes erway
foil de summer an' stays three oh foh
weeks. My people's gwinter be gone
six months."—Washington Star.
Electricity In India.
The temples of India are to be light
ed with electricity, the example having
been set by the great shrine of Siva, at
Kochicaddie, near Mutwal, in Ceylon,
and is to be speedily followed by the
equally vast and ancient foundation of
the Natukotta, in the same island. In
no long time others will adopt the same
improvement, till all the holy places
of the peninsula are so equipped that
by pressing the button they can be in
stantly illuminated like the modern
hotel or theater.
Drawn Through Diamonds.
The finest wire in the country is
made at Taunton, Mass. This metal
cobweb of minute diameter is exactly
the l-500th part of an inch in thick
ness—much liner than human hair.
Ordinary wire, even though of small
diameter, is drawn through holes in
steel plates, but on account of the wear
such plates cannot be used in making
the hair wire. The Taunton factory
mentioned uses drilled diamonds for
WILIFRED LAURIER THE NEW
The Recent I,«n«Utltle In the Queen*«
Domlniou« the Kenult of Aliuont Twenty
Yearn of Mlngovr rainent by the Con
[RINDER the leader
ship of Laurier the
have succeeded in
Rousting the Con
power in the Do
SfR minion, The re
'! jSsult of the polling
throughout thf Do
minion caused an
outburst of unusu
al popular enthusiasm. Even dyed-in
the-wool conservatives, who had voted
for the govenment in response to the
crack of the party whip, admitted that,
on the whole, they did not altogether
regret that a change had taken place.
There was a feeling among many of
the most loyal conservatives that the
leaders of the party, especially Sir
Charles Tupper, had, as the result of a
long and uninterrupted lease of power,
come to regard Canada as their own
special property, and the "National
policy" as a charm to conjure with for
On more than one occasion, notably
in the cases of Montreal and Winnipeg,
they showed they had the idea that
they could not only ignore but actually
snub those cities when approached by
their representatives with a request for
some favor. This was why Hugh John
Macdonald, son of the great leader of
the conservative party, gave up his
seat as member from Winnipeg, ac
knowledging In 60 many words that
he did not care to represent a constitu
ency any longer for whom lie could
obtain nothing, simply because they
were regarded as sure for the party.
Sir Mackenzie Bow< 11 even flouted
the conservatives of Winnipeg when
they remonstrated with him on the
subject, and dared them to vote fur a
liberal. They answered by sending
"Joe" Martin, author of the Manitoba
Education Act of 1890, and a strong
liberal, as their representative to suc
ceed Hugh John Macdonald. Mont
real followed suit by electing James
McShane, a former member of the Mer
cier Cabinet, to succeed J. J. Curran,
a conservative, whom Bowell had, ap
parently in a spirit of bravado, ele
vated to the bench to give the voters
of Montreal a chance to declare them
Another and very significant feature
in the result was that the vote in the
pr ovince of Quebec, which is over
whelmingly French Roman Catholic,
gave Mr. Laurier and the liberals an
increased majority, instead of being
cast, as Sir Charles Tupper expected,
almost as a unit for the government.
There is a growing sense of the
urgent necessity of readjusting the
"National Policy" in such a way ami
to such an extent as to lighten the tax
ation of the masses and increase ilie
levy hitherto made on the favorel
To call the result a "landslide" is
not putting the case any too strong.
Not only was the majority of forty
which the conservatives had In the last
house of commons wiped out, but tIlf
handsome majority over all the pie
ties—conservatives, patrons and Mi
Carthyltcs—of twenty-four was se
cured by Wilfrid Laurier. This means
five years of liberal rule for Canada.
The l'htnr« of • Lifetime.
When the Vanderbilts obtained con
1 trol of the Union Baciflc Railway,
j William H. made a trip In a special
ear over the branch line known as the
\ Denver & South Bark, which runs from
the capital city to Leadville. This is
th" road of which O. H. Rolhbacker
; once wrote: "The Denver & South
park is a narrow gauge road, except
I where the track is spread to a broad
While the Vanderbilt car carried a
chef and a well-stocked larder, the
magnate, soon after entering the South
Park country, felt a longing for a
glass of fresh milk, and when the train
pulled into Como he sent his servant
into the depot hotel to get the desired
article. The servant returned accom
panied by the hotel proprietor, Char
ley Benedict. The latter carried a
glass of milk, refusing to allow anyone
but himself the honor of serving such j
a distinguished patron.
Vanderbilt quaffed the milk, pro
nounced it excellent and handed
Benedict a $5 gold piece. The hotel
man said "thanks" and started to make
"I say," called the railway king,
"don't 1 get any change?"
"Well, you don't get any. That's
"Milk la pretty high out here, isn't
"Do you charge everybody |5 a
glass for milk?"
"No; some only pay 5 cents."
"Why do you charge me more than
"Because wo fellows out here only
get a chance at you once in a lifetime,"
and Benedict bowed himself out of the
HAVING SOME FUN.
BoclalUlle Candlilst«« fur the l'r«ildeor>
of the United State«.
The national socialistic labor party
held a national convention in New
York recently nominating as candi
dates for president and vice-president
Charles Malchett and Matthew Ma
guire of New ork and New Jersey,
respectively. Mr. Matchett Is a car
penter employed by the New York and
New Jersey Telephone Company. He
lives at No.16 Smith street, Brooklyn.
He once ran for mayor of Brooklyn
on the socialistic ticket and he re
ceived 4.6U0 votes. He was also a so
cialistic candidate for governor and a
candidate for vice-president In the last
campaign. Matthew Maguire is known
aa the socialistic alderman of Pater
son. He is a machinist by trade and
has been been identified with labor
movements for many years. Ho is
called the founder of the Central Labor
Union in this city.
The socialistic vote in the United
States increased from 2,000 in 1888 to
nearly 43,000 iu 1895.
SHE WAS SHY ONE TURK.
Protest of mi Andlem-e Alf»l»«t II«
h «rill's l.o«« of » Servant.
Sarah Bernhardt was once playing
at Marseilles in a spectacular play In
which she made her entree accom
panied by six Turkish slaves. A line
on '.lie programme announced that these
six Turks would accompany Mine
Bernhardt, but when the time came
for them to go one of the youngsters
had disappeared. Then a still, small
voice in the gallery murmured some
t!iiug in an Indignant tone. Fifty
voices immediately took up the strain,
and in ten seconds more the whole
house was shouting the same phrase
Bernhardt strained every nerve
catch what they were complaining
about. She knew the phrase began
with "Manque." but the rest of it was
lost in the general hubbub. For a full
minute the tumult continued. Then,
Sarah, muttering things below h<
breath, rnslmd like fury down to the
footlights. In tin front row ilie actress
had spotted one man who was not tak
ing part in the hullabaloo. Pointing al
him, the actress ex- lainied, sternly
' \ o11 seem to lie the only sensible per
t h i s
. Tell me
sliv one Turk."
New York Evening
Kr*« Heading In £l»m.
Bangkok, the capital of Siam, has
had a free public library since last
November, which is used by 1.000 read
ers weekly. Once a week lectures are
given, which are well attended by at
tentive aiiuiences. Of newspapers th*»
Siam Observer and Bangkok Times
print the news both in English and Si
amese, but the Dlianiruasatvinicchal i;
written entirely in Siamese.
Fire Proof Paper.
To make fire-proof paper nothing
more Is necessary than to dip the paper
in a strong solution of alum* water,
and when thoroughly dry it will resist
the action of flame. Some paper re
quires to imbibe more of the solution
than it will take up at a single im
mersion, and the process may be re
peated until It becomes thoroughly
THE LATE F. H. HURD.
CAREER OF ILLUSTRIOUS EX
CONGRESSMAN OF OHIO.
tpopl.ii I« the ('ante of III« Death—
111* Many Contest« for the National
Legislature — Aspiration« for Office Re
cently Laid Aside.
RANK H. Hurd,
the eminent states
man and lawyer,
died in his apart
ments in the Boody
Ohio, recently af
ter a few days' Ill
ness. He was able
to walk about his
room until the pre
vious day, when
he was stricken with apoplexy. The
recurring attacks rendered him uncon
scious, In which condition he lay until
Frank Hurd was born ftt Mount
Vernon, Knox county. Ohio, Dec. 25,
1841. His father, Judge Hurd, took
great pains with his education, and
at an earlier age than is usual he
was sent to Kenyon college, at Gam
bler, where he graduated when but 17
years of age, taking the highest honors
of his class. The next four years were
spent in his father's office, In the study
of the law. At the age of 21 Mr. Hurd
was admitted to practice, and from the
beginning took a high rank in his pro
fession. In 1863 he was elected prose
cuting attorney for Knox county, and
In 1866 was sent to the state senate,
where he served one term with distinc
In 1868 Mr. Hurd was appointed to
codify the criminal lawB of Ohio, which
commission was ably executed. In
1869 he came to Toledo and formed a
partnership with Judge Charles H.
Scribner. During their partnership
Harvey Scribner was admitted to the
Arm, and when Judge Scribner retired
to go upon the bench, Mr. Hurd re
tained his connection with Harvey
Scribner until Jan. 1, 1894.
In 1872 Mr. Hurd was first nominated
for congress, and his career as a na
tional character began from that time.
He was defeated in that canvass by I.
R. Sherwood. In 1874 he again ran
for congress, and this time was success
ful. He was re-elected in 1876, but
was unseated by J. D. Cox. Iu 1878 he
was agnin elected, defeating J. B.
iiickey In a close contest. In 1880 he
was again defeated, Judge J. M. Ritchie
being elected. In 1882 he was again
elected, but in the campaign of 1883
he was defeated by Jacob Romels.
FRANK H. HURD.
Since 1884 Mr. Hurd has been out of
polities In the sense of being au as
pirant for any public office, but his in
fluence has been felt In his party at all
times and on many occasions his voice
has been the strongest In shaping its
policy In Ohio. Jan. 1, 1894, he formed
a law partnership with O. S. Brumback
and C. A. Thatcher, which continued to
HE WAS A YANK.
tYbf til« Hnuthern Army Derided to !
Governor Matthews Is telling a good
story he heard in the South recently,
says the Indianapolis Sentinel. In a
valley In the northern part of Georgia,
between two mountains which shut out
all communication with the outside
world, there lived an old planter, who,
while au ardent adherent of the south
ern cause, was too badly crippled by
infirmities to shoulder a musket and
march barefooted. But he had a son
whom he sent, and after the boy had
disappeared down the road the old man
waited for the news of the strife. Oc
casionally rumors of southern victories
would float over the mountains and the
old man —Uncle S--ho was called—
would rejoice and take an unusually
large dose of mint Julep. At other
times, when reverse news came and it
was reported that the gray had been
turned back, the old man would bitter
ly lament and use the same remedy for
grief and sorrow that he UBed to quiet
his joy. Through it all he had abund
ant faitli in the ultimate victory of the
Confederate army and any doubt ex
pressed would meet with a stern re
The years wore on and news failed to
arrive. The valley was deserted and
there was no one to learn the course
of events. The old man smoked his
pipe and waited impatiently for news.
One morning as he sat on hls front
porch with his pipe, far down the dusty
rood appeared the form of a solitary
pedestrian. Gradually he approached
and the feeble vision of the old planter
recognized his long absent son. The
puffs from his pipe came thick and
fast, but this was the only sign of
eagerness or nervousness displayed,
The gate swung open and the soldier
walked up and sat down on the steps.
''Mornin', Jim," said the old man.
•'.Mornin'. pap," was the quiet re
The old man reached behind him for
a stout club which he used aa a cane.
"Jim," he said, nervously, "Jim, ye
didn't desart ?"
"No, we're whupped."
"Yes, we're whupped. Lee has sur
rendered with hia army and we laid
down our guns."
"Jim, how did it happen?"
"Well, pap, we all fought our beet as
long as It was an even shake; but we
uns all found out 'at the Lord wee a
Yank an* It waa no use. We uns laid
down our guns an' cum home."
A Fanion« g«fllakn«s.
George Tin worth, whose marvelous
panels representing sacred subjects
have made him the most famous artist
In terra cotta of bla generation, was
born In London, Nov. 5, 184«. Tbs
son of a poor wheelwright, he culti
vated wood carving in early life, «ret
as a diversion and afterward, having
taken lessons of Lambem, pursued the
art as an avocation. In 1884 he en
tered the academy schools, soon de«
veloped a high order of talent, and hit
exhibits of figures, solitary and lB
groups, challenged such marked atten«
tlon that he obtained a permanent ap«
pointment In the great Doulton art
pottery in 1867. The grace and dig«
nlty of hls compositions have beon pro«
nounced by competent critics aa beyond
praise. An Important example of bit
work Is the reredos In York Minster.
At a recent congresa of journalist*
held at Heidelberg, fae similes of thfl
first newspaper ever printed were dla«
trlbuted to the members. It to a sheet
published at Strasburg in 1609 by Jo«
hann Carolus. In a letter from Ven«
Ice, dated Sept. 4, in the first number,
Galileo's discovery of the telescope is
announced. "The government has add«
ed one hundred crowns to the pen«
sion of Master Galileo Galilei, of Flor«
once, professor at Padua, because bs
has Invented an Instrument which en«
ables one to see distant places aa If they
were quite near."
A Deadly Rifle.
Italy has a new magazine rifle, which
holds only six cartridges, but can bfl
filled and discharged In fifteen seconds.
The bullet has an outside covering of
German silver with a case of lead,
hardened by antimony, and will go
through a brick wall three feet thick at
a range of a quarter of a mile. The bor*
range of a quarter of a mile. The hors
is 0.256 Inches and the trajectory to ao
flat that the rifle can be fired up to ■
range of 650 yards without using tbo
folding sight, which is set for as long •
range as 2,200 yards.
■lepen'« Naw Minuter.
M. Hoshl, Japan's new minister to
this country. Is a statesman and scholar
of prominence. Mr. Hoshl—the namo
means "star"—has long been a promt«
nent figure In the political arena of
Japan. He studied law In England,
and was one of the first Japanese to
become a barrister at the Middle Tom«
''* e ' * 8 an e *'P res ldent
*- ,ower House of the Japanese diet ot
con 8 re88 -
Squildlg—Campaign lies remind mfl
' of mosquito nettings,
McSwIllgen—Too thin, eh! ;
"Then how do they remind you?"
"Made out of hole cloth."—Pittsburg
,\t Redditch, England, 20,000 peoplfl
make more than 100,000.000 needles B
year, and they are made and exported
so cheaply that England has no rival
and practically monopolizes the trad^
A man without enemies may not bfl
' much of a man, but he has a soft tlntfl
of iL - ~
M. HOSHI TORRI.
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