Newspaper Page Text
DAISY AND POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR OUR RURAL READERS. Ho« SurrMafal Farmer« Operate Hill Department of the Farm—A Few Uinta ae to the Cara of Live Stock and Poultry. I MACHINE Invent ed by Mr. S&leniu?, a Swedish engi neer makes butter 1 in a minute from ! sterilized milk di rect. Milk is heat ) ed in the sterilizer (or "Pasturine," as it is called) to 163 deg. F., and runs into the cream skimming chamber of the machine. As the cream Is skimmed it rises into the churning chamber, being cooled down to 60 degrees in its progress by means of very small cooling frames, through which ice water constantly passes; these revolve with the skimmer at the rate of 6,000 revolutions per minute. The cream Is forced Into a tube perforated with tiny holes, through which It emerges with great force upon each fresh layer of cream that rises, converting It into butter by concussion. The butter thus formed by granules, emerges from a spout into a tub, mixed with buttermilk. The but ter is then taken out and passed through a butter worker, which squeezes out most of the buttermilk re maining, after which it is placed on Ice for two hours and then worked a little more, and made-up. Several advan tages are claimed for this remarkable machine, which bids fair to create a revolution in butter-making upon a large scale. In the flrst place, by Pas teurizing the milk, disease germs, if any are in It, are destroyed, as well as the microbes which cause putrefaction of the butter. The process of butter making is so rapid that there is very little chance of any germs that may exist in the atmosphere of the dairy getting into the butter, especially as all, or nearly all, air must be forced out of the chamber of the machine by the extreme rapidity of the movement going on Inside. When the butter is once pressed, the possibility of germ impregnation is almost eliminated. Thus, a wholesome and long-keeping butter is produced. Another advantage is that milk can be converted into butter directly after beiug obtained from the cow; and yet another is that there Is' a considerable saving of labor, when the use of the "radiator" is compared with that of th ordinary separator and churn. This machine has been in use several months in Sweden and Finland. In London, the demonstration of its mer Its created a sensation among the dairy farmers.—Thoa. B. O'Neil, U. S. Consul at Stockholm, May 21, 1S96. Sites for Creameries. The Utah experiment station sends out some suggestions as to the selec tion of locations for butter or cheese factories. It says; In selecting a site for a factory the following points should be observed; 1. The site should be one easily drained. 2. It should have an abundant sup ply of pure, cool water. 3. It should, as far as possible, be easy of access by good roads. These points are so self evident that comment Is scarcely necessary. In a low, damp situation It la scarcely possi ble to keep the surroundings of the fac tory clean, and there Is always a large amount of waste water from a factory, which should b«i easily and rapidly drained away. Abundance of pure, cool water Is always needed, in fact, a dairy cannot be successfully and profit ably run without it. The plan and arrangement of a fac tory will depend very largely upon Its location and the quantity of milk to be handled. Whether a cheese or butter factory, or a combination of these is de sired, will also affect the plan. Tills point ehould receive careful atudy, as very much work may be saved by hav ing a convenient arrangement of the factory and apparatus. Another point to be considered is to have the building planned to accommodate standard size apparatus. In a large factory, It may be best to have the milk-receiving vat on a platform, the apparatus and cream vats on another level three feet lower, and the churn and butter worker on a yet lower level. By this plan the milk ar cream runs to the places where It Is required and saves lifting. In a small factory where one or two men are em ployed, this plan gives too much run ning up and down stairs, and it la prob ably better to have all the apparatus on one level; the milk for separating nia > be raised to the heater by a pump, and the cream could be lifted Into the churn. In a general way, the cream vat should be convenient to the separator eo that the cream may run Into it. The churn should be but a step or two from the faucet of the cream vat. The but ter-worker should be close to the churn, and it Bbould also be convenient to the refrigerator. In a cheese factory, the presses •hould be convenient, in their J elation to the cheese vats and also to 'be curing room. of Poultry. Indigestion la a frequent cause fl-s-ase with fowl«, and this 'rom over eating. It can In mrasure be avoided by giving piopor variety of food, and hp com Polling exercise in procuring IL Dm n t shut them away from a Only at gritty material, for this Mfig «h— « °rf, rln< ? thelr food P ro PertL wM »•* ,, nts c >oying. Clean lins» mm» MIM Uoa to food and water «Ul kl« tk cholera away from any place. When once it has fixed itself upon the vic tim there is no remedy but to kill the fowl and burn or deeply bury It. Let the houst be sprinkled with a solution of corrosive eublimate, or which la safer, a solution of sulphate of cop per. While Inbreeding has Its pur poses It cannot be recommended to the practical poultry raiser. New blood should be cbnstantly introduced into the flock If profit is to be the aim. The chickens which we most desire must show activity, strength and vitality. Lvery motive should indicate alertness and power. In order to have plenty of fresh eggs new blood must be Intro duced Into the flock every year. Even a mongrel bird will benefit a high bred flock better than no change at all, for it may bring hardiness and endurance which can not be otained from one which has been so carefully reared for generations past. If the cocks show attention to the hens, courting them in every possible way and giving them choice bits. It is well with that flock, and vitality has not dted out; but if the cock is a dullard and a lag gard, not following in the chase after injects and worms, and the hens dis inclined to exercise much, it is about time there was a breaking up in that family.—Ex. Parch»*« of Feedere. There are certain phases of the cat tle feeding business that demand the serious attention of farmers who make a practice of feeding a bunch of steers each year for the market, says Neb raska Farmer. We have only recently referred to the matter, but owing to a state of affairs which may presently be found bordering upon an emergency it will not be amiss briefly to go over the situation at this time. The prospect is for an immense yield of corn through out the west. Some of last year's crop is now going out by reason of an em ergency rate on weste* i corn freights. Within sixty days from now will be witnessed more than the usual stir among feeders for obtaining cattle for the winter feeding season. But it is a known fact that even with feed scarce men are apt to overreach themselves in the matter of price for such steers. What may not fairly be expected then with an abundance of feed, and no outlet for it except the feed lot, and an appearance of a shortage in numbers of cattle? We have already sounded a note of warning against pay ing too much for cattle. If they can be bought at a proper figure at the right or usual time we would advise that the farmer wait, or that he buy younger cattle and rough them through the winter and feed them out on grass in the spring. Spring feeding is bound to grow in popularity in the course of time, as being the most economical. Then if the time of buying must be postponed the buyer is likely to meet with less of competition at a later date. The feeding problem is one of chang ing aspects, and it must be solved by each farmer for himself and In accord with his aurroundings at the beginning of each parti ;ular feeding season. There is room for some good thinking right now upon the above subject. Turkey Hena aa Mother«. Turkeys are very attentive mothers, and protect their chickens well. I never had one taken by vermin or birds of prey, which abound in the grounds round because of the proxim ity of a forest, although my turkeys, with their young ones, are free to run where they like, and go sometimes three or four hundred yards from the house. If they know each other, sev eral may be allowed to run together without danger of fighting. These goodies will accept any change or addi tion of chickens, and brood the new comers as tenderly as their own. I often saw turkeys whose chicks had been joined to others, adopt large chickens more than two months old, which had been forsaken by the hen. Training turkeys to force them to sit does not take away their laying quali ties when they are properly managed. Therefore, allow them to lay their batch of eggs after they have brooded and raised your early chickens. They will ask to sit immediately after they have finished laying; you may let them, and have no fear of overwork ing. S«ft Food for Tonnf Chick*. There is positive danger In feeding too much soft food to young chicks. The older hens seem to Btand it well and do better than when fed much grain, but the broods of little ones soon get into bad shape when fed the same kind of food. In such cases, It Is best to change at once to bread crumbs and some grain. A continuation of the soft food will often lead to the loss of the en tire brood. The worst part of the trou ble is that the first intimation the poul tryman has of the bad condition of his chicks is that he finds some of them dead, sometimes with full crops and sometimes not. If his eyes were sharp he might have noticed before the fact that the little ones were not growing as they should. We have seen broods so treated that some of the bardlet chicks were double the slxe of others In the sam«' broqd, though all were Piy mou«^Kocks. t hs.—The salvage on tor fires has often teen that It became almost an rith the insurance men that pa not burn. The recent ex petteno* of the companies at Minne apolis, however, where they under took to handle the wheat themselves, mm not 80 bappy as it might hav« fig». They certainly found that even \t fire does not burn wheat, it destroy* K as a commercial commodity.—Ex. The empty vessel giveth a grealei Bound than the full banrl. A GOVERNOR'S HOME. FRETTY OLD PLACE NEAR MONTOURSVILLE. PA. One. th. H««tdenee of John A. Shnis. —It Wo. Il.ro That H. Cam. to Find K.at and l*..ro—Flnnnrlal Ituln and Dlacauragamant liera tue Hla Lot. HALF-MILE east of Montoursvllle, in a getting of grand old trees, with a magnificent lawn in the foregrounds, can be seen the house where the late ex-Gov. John A. Shulze once lived. Hard by, di rectly along the main road, surrounded by a grove of locust trees, stands the quaint colo nial-styled building, which, in the ex Governor's days was used as a church, and which was built on ground donated for the purpose by him, says Pennsyl vania Grit. To these two buildings cling associations of historic interest, for they figure prominently in a story that is quite pathetic. The ''Governor Shulze residence," as it is yet known to the older generations thereabouts, is now the property of Mr. and Mrs. Delos S. Mahaffey, of Williamsport. Exteriorly the house has been mod ernized by the addition of large porti cos, but the general appearance of the building remains as constructed by Governor Shulze 65 years ago, when at the expiration of his term as Chief Executive of Pennsylvania he came to the West Branch valley to spend the remainder of his life. His coming, however, was far from bringing to him the contentment anticipated, for finan cial ruin and harassment in a few years made his existence uncomfortable and he removed to Lancaster county, where he died In 1852, aged 77 yeans. Peeping out from the wealth of trees that surround It the old Governor Shulze residence at once appeals to mind and eye as an object of more than usual Interest. The house, which is ot brick, was built under the personal di rection of the ex-Governor, and under Its roof have been entertained many distinguished visitors who called upon the Governor during the few years that fickle fortune smiled upon him. The liouee was built In 1831-2 on a tract of land containing 500 acres, which Gov ernor Shulze bought from Mr. John Cowden. He paid 112,000 for it, and soon after coming Into its possession he planned and built the mansion. The house is located about 100 yards south of the main road leading to Muncy, and a broad lane runs directly to Its doors. This house was regarded ae an elab orate improvement, and for many years It was pointed out as being one of the most aristocratic homes along the river. Soon after building his mansion the ox-Governor conceived the idea of hav ing a church within a convenient dis tance of his home, so he gave an acre of his land and $100 In money toward establishing a union protestant church. This plot of ground was located on the main road, near the intersection of the lane which communicated with the Governor's residence, and upon it was built a church, which for that time was considered a very commodious and elaborate structure. This church build ing, unchanged In a single detail ex cept for the different colored paint in which It Is now arrayed, stands to-day a quaint reminder of the architectural fancies of more than a half century ago. This structure, for many years, was known as the "White Church,'' because of Its color, but for the last twenty years no church serv*-;** have been held therein. The building has been used as a meeting place for the members of Fairfield Grange, and it is now generally known as Grange hall. It Is owned by a half-dozen members of the Grange. Several years ago it was repainted and made a dark green, or olive, color. As a farmer Governor Shulze was a failure, and as financier he was unfor tunate. He was of a kindly disposi tion, and by endorsing for friends he soon found himself Involved heavily. MaUors went from bad to worse, until finally his fine farm and elegant home was sold by the sheriff and It passed into the hands of others. Old, broken In health and spirit, and without money, the ex-Governor moved to a house In the borough of Montoursvllle. But he was constantly being harassed Dy those whom he owed, and finally, in 1846, he and his family removed to Lancaster. The books In the prothono tary's office, here in Williamsport, show many unsatisfied judgments against Mm. Swindling th« Farmer. Pennsylvania papers tell or a man Who Is swindling tthe farmers In the neighborhood of Kittanning, Pa., by means of a double-end fountain peu, one end of which he uses in drawing up contracts for harvesting machinery, and the other he presents for the farmers to use in putting their signa tures to the documents. The Ink of the contract fades, and a promissory note is written in over the signature. Where It I«. Dipson—Ye gods! isn't this theater hot! And think of it, they say in the papers that they provide iced air for their patrons! DobBon—So they do. Didn't you notice it on the face of that young man in the box office?—Rox tury Gazette. J««t III* Loctf. *'Juat my luck!" cried the drummer. There were fourteen Boston girls in the car. "Caught in a blizzard again!" he continued, donning ear labs.— Truth. NIMROD NOT A MYTH. Fraf. terra Find« lToof ar iha Estât •ara of tha Mighty Hunter. Everything comes to him who waits and if Prof. Sayce be well justified in what he has written from Assouan, In Egypt, historical justice Is about to be done to everybody's old friend, Nimrod, says the London Telegraph. Hitherto it has always been doubtful whether this ancient sportsman was or was not a veritable personage, but the learned professor Is now of opinion that he lias found the name of the Mighty Hun ter surely and safely registered In the cuneiform Inscriptions. If It be as stat ed the full name of Nimrod was Nazi Muruda the Kassu and he lived at Bab ylon about fifty years before the date of the Exodus, a contemporary of the father of that Assyrian king who re siored Nlnevah and founded Calah. Nazi Muruda Is near enough to "Nim rod" to have been quite possibly the true appellation of this famous person when he was, to use an American phrase, "tu hum." Arabic scholars can never have failed to notice the similarity between the Mighty Hunter's title and the word "Nlmr," which means a tiger. Any further particu lars from the same erudite quarters will of course be very welcome to us In the west, particularly when a new club has lately been started in London bear 'ng Nimrod's name. At the same time we are bound by faithful scholarship to point out that, like many another sporting man, the Intimate character of Nimrod may not be able to bear too tierce a light. The particulars which are given of him in the koran are of a perfectly distressing kind. In chap ter 11., entitled "The Cow," Nimrod is represented as disputing with Abra ham; and to show himself equal to the Aimighty In power as to life and death he has two innocent men brought before him, one of whom the hunter d^patches, while the other he Hays alTve. In Sura XVI. of the koran, entitled "The Bee," allusion is made to the tower which Nimrod built In Ba bel and carried to the height of 5,000 cubits, intending to ascend to heaven and wage war with the angels; but Allah frustrated his attempt, over throwing the presumptuous structure by an earthquake. In Sura XXI., en titled "The Prophets," another legend ts told reflecting very badly upon Nimrod's private life. He is said tc have filled a vast space full of wood at Cutha and after setting it on fire to have cast Abraham upon it, bound band and foot; but the angel Gabriel came to the assistance of the Friend of God, so that nothing about him was burned except the cords. It is ndded that the fierce liantes became nn odoriferous air and the burning faggots a pleasant meadow, though for other people it was so hot that 2,000 unbelievers were consumed. From the same source wo gather that Nim rod in his last days was destroyed by a special messenger from the Al mighty in the shape of a gnat, which penetrated to his brain and caused his death with Intolerable pain—"Heav en," as D'Herbelot remarks, "desir ing to punish by one of the smallest of its creatures the tyrant who had called Mmseif lord of all." We grève to re call these legendary particulars at a moment when history appears inclinée) to furnish us with unexpected reve lations as regarde this prototype of tho sporting world. Most sportsmen are sportsmanlike and we mils.', not too readily believe, at least until Prof. Sayce has concluded his researches, that the earliest M. F. H. in the world and keenest pursuer of big game could lightly do anything derogatory to the conduct of a true lover of the chase." Min«« Coat Money to n.v#l<»p. J. B. Haggln took $3,000,000 from the Custer mine In Idaho before It reach ed a depth requiring the use* of can dles when working it. He spent a sim ilar amount in developing the Ana conda mine befor it was on a paying basis. The Homeetake mine. In the Black HUIh, could not be profitably worked by the prospector, but the ex penditure of $135, 000 for machinery started it yielding a dividend of $20,00V a month.—New York World. EMERGENCY HINTS. If a vein Is severed compress below the spurting surface. Blood in veins returns to the heart. Remember that Irish potato«« grated and applied as a poultice is a quick ar.d sure relief for Bcalds and burns. When an artery is severed compress above the spurting surface. Blood from th* arteries enters the extremities. When dust geta into the eyes avoid rubbing with the fingers, but dash cold water into them. Remove clndera with a camel's hair brush. When choking from any cause get upon ail fours and cough, if there is no one present to render the old-time assistance of "pounding on the bark." If a high fever comes on at evening bathe the feet and wrap in s blanket, put warm irons to the feet and give aconite in water every hour until the patient is in a "good sweat," then keep well covered. In fracture of the skull with compres sion and loss of consciousness, examine the wound and If possible rai.-e the bro ken edges of the skull so a« to relieve the presume or, the brain. Prompt ac tion will often save life. In the cane of poisoning the simple rule is ta get the poison out of the stomach as soon a* possible. Mustard and salt act promptly as etreticr, and they are always at hand in the home. Stir a teaspoonful in a glass 0 / water and let the patient swaliow !t quickiy. If it does not cause vomiting in five mtnuttB repeat the dosa. After vomli lcg give the whites of two or three eg.** and sen ! for z doc or. Woman*« Loogh. A woman hoa no natural grace more bewitching than o sweet lough. It is like tho sound of flutes on tho water. H leaps from her heart In n eleor, sparkling rill, ond the heart thnt hoars it feels aa if bathed in n cool, exhilar ating spring. Have you ever pursued an unseen fugitive through the trees, led on by her fairy lough; now here, now there — now lost, now found? Some of us have and are still pursuing that wandering voice. It may come to na in the midst of care and sorrow, or irksome business, and then wa turn away and listen, and hear it ringing through the room like o silver bell, with power to scare away the evil spirits of the mind. How much we owe to that sweet laugh. It turns the prose of our life into poetry; it flings flowers of sunshine over our darksome wood in which we are traveling; it touches with lightevenouraleep, which Is no more the image of death, but gemmed with dreams that are the shadows o f Immort ality.—Vogue. Piso's Cure for Consumption has teen a family medicine with us since 1865.— J. R. Madison, SMUV 4 2d Ave., Chicago, Ills. Little Real Sympathy Among A fries ns. The sick man's brother is with us also, and although a good worker, la absolutely indifferent to hia brother'a ill nr sa There is no sympathy for an other's pains in the soul of the African. When a chief dies there is a lot of bel lowing and assumed grief; the tears are not real, but only part of the cere mony attending death. Upon the death of a young child the mother does actually feel grief most keenly, and is for some days Inconsolable, refuses meat and drink, rolls on the ground, tears her hair, and lacerates herself in her despair.—September Century. Hall'« Catarrh Car« la taken internally. Price, 75c. Old-Fashioned Apple Pie Fill a deep, yellow pie-dish with pared apples sliced very thin; then cover with a substantial crust and bake; when browned to a turn, slip a knlfa around the Inner edge, take off the cov er and turn bottom upward on a plate; then add a generous supply of sugar, cinnamon and cloves to the apples; mash all together and spread on the Inserted crust After grating nutmeg over it the dish is served cold with cream.—Ladies' Home JonrnaL T "A Good Foundation." LUC Lay your foundation with "Battle Ax." It is the comer stone of economy. It is the one tobacco that is both BIG and GOOD. There is no better. There is no other 5-cent plug as large. Try it and see tor yourself. One Cup One Cent Less than a cent In fact — and all Cocoa — pure Cocoa — no chemicals.—That describes Walter Baker & Co.'s Breakfast Cocoa. WALTER BAKER ft CO., Limited» - Dorchester» flass. ♦ ' « anu wnup 11 aoes not eau»« sickness »I th« •tomneh. Ilk manKOjga remedies it cures quicker than any I har« «ver tried % Dr. Kay's Lung Balm ty It cures every kind of cough. Sold by druggists or sent by mail for IS eta.' t It 1» perfectly safe for a 1 uee» and « sure euro for aU lu ng trouble«. Srad addraaa^ rorj ook'et It has many valmrie receipt-* nnd give« symptom«and trea'mem fori nil dt**-n«e« «nd raanv ho* e lall they would not lak« IS W lor It If they roulda ..no her Address. We-t.-rnnlTIcel Dr II J K*T MnpiCAr. ■ r. .On«K« N «b Four eggs, five enpe of flenr, two cups of honey, one enp of butte#,'on* eup of nweet milk, two teaspoon fais of cream of tartar, one teaspooafal of soda, one pound of raisins, one pound of currants, half a pound of citron, ooe teaspoonful of cloves, cinnamon and nutmeg. Bake in a alow oven.-—Sep tember Ladies' Home Journal.. arsaparila Sanaa. Any sarsaparilla is atnapa rilla. True. So any ten is tan. So any flour is floor. But grades differ. Kw want the hut, i.'a so with sarsaparilla. Thera art grades. You want tha best. If you understood sarsaparilla as well as you do tea and flour it would bo easy to determine. But you don't How should you? When you am going to buy a commodity whose value you don't know, you pick out an old established house to trade with, and trust their ex perience and reputation. Do so when buying sarsaparilla. Ayer's Sarsaparilla has been on the market 50 years. Your grandfather used Ayer's. It is n reputable medicine. There mrm tummy Serempmrillma — but only one Ayer*». It cures.