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genius and patriot.
JOHN BOYLE O'REILLY'S MONU. MENT IN BOSTON. TJedlceted Recently with Great Cere inony _coming to Host un in Tatter* ! H* llerame the City'* Moat Honored Cltlxeu—HI* Exile. IMMEDIATELY af ter the sudden death of the gifted poet and patriot at , his home in Boston it was resolved to put up in that city a suitable memorial to the genius and manhood of John Boyle O'Reilly. An amount approxi mating $50,000 was raised almost con temporaneously with the great memor ial meeting at the Metropolitan Opera House, when a demonstration without parallel to the memory of a literary man took place, with all the dramatic features of music, poetry, rhetoric and the enthusiasm of the densely packed house. The Sixty-ninth regiment at tended in full regimentals and gave martial ardor to the proceedings; the harp was played by the most gifted artist on that instrument then in Amer ica; Joseph I. C. Clarke read the poem _hla own composition—and eloquent addresses were made by Gov. David B. Hill, Governor Leffh Abbett of New Jersey, Roger A. Pryor and General Daniel E. Sickles. It was! this and similar commemorative movements over the Union which gave a strong stimulus to the well-directed enter prise to produce a suitable memorial in the highest school of the plastic art. The response was immediate and gen SI THE MONUMENT, erous, and a commission was given to the eminent sculptor, Daniel Chester French, to design and execute the work The memorial, as completed, was for lially dedicated recently in Boston, with appropriate ceremonies, and the judgment of critical authority was that the architectural composition was one of startling artistic effect. In the domi nating group of the three heroic bronze figures — "Erin," "Patriotism" and "Poetry"—we find an unalloyed sweet ness of spirit, so invincibly charming as to soften the edge of whatever ad verse judgment may be visited upon the outlines, the masses, proportions and color of the entire structure; and one critical writer has said that it is the loveliest group American sculpture has yet produced. That such a monument should be erected In Boston is significant when it is considered that O'Reilly arrived there in tatters and penniless, a fugi tive from a penal colony, whither he had been sent as an outlaw and Irish agitator of a very dangerous type. It shows, moreover, that there was some thing fascinating in the Intellect and personality of the man who became a prime favorite with the highest New England literary circle, and left behind him an appreciative following such as has not survived the death of any Irishman who has come to our shores, from misery and exile and from daring escape, during the present century. It is Mr*. Atherton In London. The chief American guest at the din ner of the London woman writers ap pears to have been Mrs. Gertrude Ath erton, who took up her residence in London a little more than a year ago. and who hae since had great vogue there both as a story writer and a3 a pretty woman. She has produced ro mances and short stories in rapid pro fusion. the latest being "Patience Spar hawk and Her Times.'' Mrs. Atherton is a blonde, of medium height, with regular features and light yellow hair. She made her debut as a writer in San Francisco, her former-home, and after ward for several years resided in New York. What's In • Nmus The current report that an American publisher paid Kipling twelve thousand dollars for the serial rights of his new est story, a tale of Gloucester fisher men, is interesting, both as showing the present market value of his work and its contrast with his meagre sal ary as a sub-editor in Lahore not many years ago. The story will afford Americans an excellent lest of Kip ling's realism, which in India, in the matter of sport and military affairs, ex cited the amazement of experts for its accuracy. Anenla* She—"Dearest, am I the first girl you ever loved?" He—"Little sweetheart, the man who could look into those trusting blue eyes and tell a falsehood is not fit to live. So prepare yoursalf to hear the truth. You are."—Cincinnati Enquirer. lannsls of Gibraltar. There are over 70 miles of tunnels cut in the solid rock of Gibraltar. SORRY TO BOTHER HIM. Regretted Tbet He Had to Cell ■ Sec ond Time for Stamp*. He was not the countryman of the comic papers, says the New York Jour nal. His hat was a commonplace derby that fitted him very well; his hair had been cut during the month and seemed destitute of hay germs, and his clothes were not any funnier than they were fashionable. And yet he was undoubt edly from the country, and when he . spoke he used a valuable magazine dia lect. He stood near the stamp window on the Park Row side of the postoffice and looked as if he were trying to make up his mind to do something disagreeable I to him. At last, after watching people ; buy stamps for at least twenty minutes, he hesitatingly approached the window and said meekly. "Hate to trouble ye agin." "Whatchuwant?" "You remember I was here yis'day?" " 'So? Whatyvit? Whatchuwant?" "Why, ye see, I bought some stamps an' I thought they'd be all I'd need till I went back ter Fitch Holler, but I wrote a letter to Marthy, an' I sent her a calendar an' it took every stamp I hed, an' so I'm 'fraid I'll hev to trouble you for some more." "H'many?" "Always read ther warn't no profit in stamps, an' I feel reel mad at m'self ______________ t I didn't get 'nough yis'day bo's not to bother ye twice." 'H'many?'' Well, ye might let me hev two." "Four cents." "There 'tis. Guess they'll do me. Sorry to hev troubled ye." "Tha'ewhatmeerfor." The crowd that had been impatiently waiting to buy stamps now pushed the citizen of Fitch Hollow to one side and proceeded to "trouble" the stamp selle/ without any compunctions. CAME OF DRAUGHTS. It I* Doubtlrn a Very Ancient F»» tlm*. Draughts in some shape or form is doubtless a very ancient pastime, says Chambers' Journal. Indeed, the safest tiling to say about it is that its origin is lost in the mists of antiquity. Rep resentations of persons playing at a game resembling draughts are fre quently found on ancient Egyptian monuments at least 3.(.00 years old. The Greeks had a similar game, from whom possibly it passed to the Ro mans. At least, the old Roman game of latrunculi seems to have been a kind of draughts—though it Is very doubt ful if the game as now played is very game as very ancient. The game was popular and j well known in France and Spain in j the seventeenth century and was prob- , ably played there and in England cen- ' turies before that. That it was from ! France the game came into many of j the other countries is evident from the fact that the French name— jeu de j dames—passed with it. I)am or damme was once the regular English name for one of the pieces; in Germany the game is still called dame spiel in Holland the board is dam board, and in Scotland (as will be re membered by readers of Dean Ram say's anecdotes) dambrod still survives. In the United States the less usual name of chequers, spelt checkers, is employed. Polish, Spanish. Italian and Turkish draughts are varieties of the sambe game. The Polish game, which has several peculiarities, was intro duced to Paris in 1723 and was first played on a board of a hundred squares with forty men. a A French Concert-Hull Singer. At present New York is waiting with pleasurable anticipation for the debut of Anna Held, a musical artist who for the last year has enthralled all Lon don and Paris. Miss Held has been en gaged to appear in the farce "A Parlor Match" and it is said she will get $1,500 a week for three months. Anna Held is a little brunette of sin gular grace; her face is piquant and mocking, her eyes dark and expressive, her hair black and luxurious and worn brushed off her forehead. Her mouth is her chief charm and her teeth are white and perfect. She is but three inches over five feet, but has a beauti ful figure. She is considered the reign its m ANNA HELD, ing beauty of the music hall stage in England and France, where pretty wo men are put upon the stage and wor shiped. Mis« Held does not cling to one style of costume, as does Yvette Guilbert, but dazzles her admirere by her varied wardrobe. Basinas«. Mother—"Mary, that young Spinners has been paying a great deal of atten tion to you of late? Do you think he means business?" Mary (with a fara way look)—"I am afraid he does, moth er. He is the agent for a bicycle firm, and he's done nothing but try to sell me a bicycle ever since he has been com ing here."—Puck. H,s BUSY LIFE WAS BENEFICIAL THE NATION, -- Ttlit' T ATI? W TT *iM7TTT I 1U£> JjAlüi >V . il. L.J111 II. I . I ; I Entered t'pon HI* Work When ■ Mere Hoy — Dricrnded From Hutch Revolu tionary Stuck — Hi* Connection With the Associated IT««*. HE death of Will iam Henry Smith ended a long career of usefulness and honor. He was de scended from two old New England families. His fath er, William DeFor est Smith, who __ born in Litchfield county. Connecti cut, in 1805, was a grandson of Bethel Smith, of Kent, who was a grandson of the Rev. Henry Smith, a clergyman well known In the Connecticut valley. His mother was a daughter of Deacon Story Gott, of Spencertown, Columbia county, who was a lieutenant in the army during the Revolutionary war, and was descended from Daniel Gott, who settled in the Connecticut valley prior to 1690. The family was of Dutch to origin and came to America on account the of religious freedom. The parents of Mr. Smith emigrated to Ohio and set tled on the Darby claim, in Union county, in 1835, when he was about two years old, he having been born in Columbia county. N. Y., December 1, 1*33. Being of a studious turn of mind, Mr. Smith had the best educational advan tages the state afforded. He was a 1 j ; \ j ' j j , ' ! j j GRANT'S TOMB PROGRESSING SLOWLY. <. f SJj wm ±sr. m. 3§J0! Grant's tomb at Riverside Park is «lowly nearing completion. The dome has received itB topmost cap, which is 165 feet from the ground. It was thought that the monument would be ready to receive Gen. Grant's school-teacher fur a time, and next a tutor in a Western college. Later he became the assistant editor of a weekly newspaper in Cincinnati. At the age of twenty-two he had risen to the posi tion of editor. At that time he was also doing work for the Literary Review. At the beginning of the civil war he was engaged on the Cincinnati Gazette, and took an active part in raising troops and forwarding supplies, and, through the medium of the press, did J WM. H. SMITH. much to strengthen the Government. Largely instrumental In making John Brough Governor of Ohio, he afterward berame the Governor's secretary, and later was elected Secretary of State, being re-elected In 1866. When Mr. Smith retired from office, he became the managing editor of the Evening Chronicle. He was obliged, however, to desist from such active work, on ac count of ill health. In 1870 he became manager of the Western Associated Press, with head quarters in Chicago. Several years later, upon the personal request of President Hayes, who had been his I cloee personal friend for many years. I he accepted the office of collector of I CU8toma at Chicago. Durina his term of in 1, a During his term of office he was instrumental in bring ing ubout many reforms in the cus toms department. In 1S83 he again be came actively engaged in Associated Press work, and, in January of that year he effected a consolidation of the New York and the Western Associated Press, taking the general managership of the united systems, and became thus charged with the responsibility of the news service of the entire Western con tinent, and the guiding power in a news organization which, with itB working alliée, encircled the globe. Mr. Smith retired from the management of the Associated Press in March, 1893. In May, 1892. Mr. Sm|th and his son in-law, Mr. Charles R. Williams, with W. J. Richards, purchased the interests of John H. Holliday and his two broth ers In The Indianapoll« News, and Mr. Williams became edltoif-ln-chlef of the paper, which position he still holds. Mr. Smith, since his retirement from the management of the Associated Tress, devoted much of his time to lit erary work, particularly political his tory. During his earlier and busier life he had found time to do much work of this character. He had been a close student of early life in the Northwest, and as a hlstto grapher of the Northwest Territories was probably without a compeer. His crowning liternry achievement of thle kind was his edition of the "St. Clair Papers," embodying the career of Gen eral and Governor Arthur of St. Clair, a work in two royal octavo volumes, which is recognized by the best critical authorities as one of the most Import ant contributions of the present gen eration to the early history of the Re public. For Mr. Smith's patriotic body on the anniversary of his btrth day, in April. Ground was broken for the foundation in 1891, but It Is safe to predict that another year will not see the tomb completed. The above picture is from a recent photograph. lubor In the preparation of this work the legislature of Ohio unanimously voted him a resolution of thanks. He was also the author of the biography of Charles Hammond, wrote several pam phlets and had contributed frequently While Secre he founded a to American periodicals, tary of State of Ohio, department of archives, a matter which had been wholly overlooked since the admis«lon of the state, and he suc ceeded in recovering many valuable papers, which are now on file In the State House at Columbus. By his in vestigation In the British Museum, he brought to light many unpublished let ter« of Washington to Col. lletvry Bouqet, and showed thut those which were published by Jared Spurks were not given correctly. Mr. Smith also wrote a "Political History of the United State«," and re cently bad been engaged on a life of Rutherford B. Hayes, as the literary executor of the dead president. His association with Mr. Hayes, and the confidential relations between them, combined with Ills literary ability and political knowledge, enabled him to do this work probably better than any other man could have done it. The work, which, unfortunately, is prob ably not as complete as Mr. Smith would have made It, had he lived, was not only a carefully prepared and In teresting account of event« In Mr. Hayes' life and career, but was Inci dentally a review of the political his tory of the country, particularly that part of It connected with the recon struction period in the south. Advance sheets of Mr. Smith's book were recent ly sent to Senator John Sherman of Ohio, who said that the book promised to be the most valuable digest of recent political history ever written. Mr. Smith lived at Lake Forest, near Chicago, where he had an ideal subur ban home, "The Hocks," a house of the a colonial style. In beautiful »rounds. Hit* library was one of the largeet and most valuable in the country, und wee probably more complete In work« on the political history of this country and England than any other private li brary. In all he had about 7,500 vol umes, besides Innumerable pamphlets j and public documents. THE YOUNGER DICKENS. Commonplace Bonn and Danghtava of là* Great Novelle ta It is only natural that the death of Charles Dickeas, Jr., has revived a temporary interest in his father alone says an exchange. "Sad is the heri tage of a great name!" wrote George W. Curtis in the "Potlphar Papers." "We should dread to be born a Percy Colonna or a Bonaparte. We should not like to be the second duke of Wellington nor Charles Dickens, Jr. It is a terrible thing, one would say, to a mind of honorable feeling to be pointed out aa somebody's son or uncle or granddaughter, as if the excellence were all derived." Curtis wrote this in 1855, when Charles Dickens. Jr., was actually in extatence—Indeed, he was then a stalwart boy of 18—but had not yet begun a career that was at once handicapped and promoted by the fact that he was his father's eon. His abili ties were of the moderate order which would at least have eacaped opprobrium if he had represented only himself but would hardly have won for him the editorship of "All the Year Round" had he not been the literary legatee of Charles Dickens. The younger Charles leaves eight daughters, so the line of descent Is likely to continue and the blood of the great novelist will keep Its hold upon eternity. But so far It seems to have exhausted Itself in the great protagonist and after that brll liant flowering has run to seed. The only writing done by the grandchildren la typewriting, two of the girls having an office in London. Of the sons of the novelist two, deepite the fact that they were baptized Alfred Tennyson and Edward Bulwer Lytton Dickens, are plain, prodding real estate agents in Australia. Henry Fielding Dickens Is a barrister of no special renown. Three other sons died without giving a sign. Of the dnughiers. Mary, the eldest, has given absolute evidence of all lack of literary ubility by publishing some novels of which the least said the bet ter. Kate, the second, was the only brilliant offspring, but her talent took the form of art rather than literature. She married successively two artiste, the last being Peruglnl. Sir John Mil lais was so great an admirer of Kate's beauty that he painted her in his famous "Black Brunswicker." He ad mired her talent sufficiently to give her instructions in art. She ha« had no instructions in art. She ha« had no children. Colonie* und No <'olon 1*t*. What the French colonies covet above all things are colonists. The need la for more men. But In colonizing, as In all other things, the factor of competi tion appears. Only a definite number of colonists leave Europe every year and for them the colonies of the world In formally compete, offering this or that advantage to the intending settler. But one of the first things the colonist wants to know Is whether living will be fairly cheup in the place of which be ia think ing. "Can 1 get the things I want to build my house and work my farm rea sonably cheap, and will the comforts 1 shall want fur myself and my family be procurable at moderate price*?" These are the sort of questions that occur to the "balancing" colonlat. But as regards the French colonies a close Investigation can prove only one thing —namely, that Bettlers In them are handicapped by high tariff* and the dear prices that follow high tariffs. Hchce the French colonies find It ex tremely difficult to attract colonists. Italians, Germans and Englishmen who are going to leave Europe find the Frentdi colonies too dear, and even the few Frenchmen who voluntarily "exile themselves" prefer places where they will not be pursued by the general tar iff. The result is that the French col onies are without colonists.—Spectator, of Hflwall »ml Ron. Although Arthur Bewail, the demo cratic vice-presidential nominee, has long been a national committeeman,his fame outside of Maine has heretofore been quite overshadowed by that ol Ills melodramatic son, Harold Marsh Sewall, who wa« Cleveland's and Har rison's consul general to Samoa, and who distinguished himself by transfer ring his party allegiance to the repub licans. The younger Sewall Is more of an orator than his father. Father and son resemble each other physically, being men of medium height and sturdy physique, and each Is a warm admirer of the other. Henry Wird needier*« eon«. Henry Ward Beecher's sons are in teresting men, most of all the lawyer con who recently secured his brother's acquittal In a celebrated case before a New York court. He Ie tall and straight, with a stalwart form that con trasts with his mother's diminutive figure. Mr. Beecher is between 45 and 50. though hl« hair la white. He waa an assistant district attorney under Delancey Nicoll, and la a successful lawyer. He is an enthusiaatic wheel man, and is fond of microscopy. The Vailxan at Siberia. A graphic Idea of the Immense sise of Siberia may be gleaned from the following comparison ; AH of the statee, kingdoms, principalities, empires, etc., of Europe (except Russia), and all the United States, Including Alaska, could be placed Bide by elde In Siberia, and yet but little more than cover that Immense country. __, • j A CLEVER W MISS ADA MANNING MAKES GOOD USB OP A KNIFE. Mac Baus a SSImtatara teMMU Vlltl Aekl*T*a*Bl Was *• Chain fro a* a Black af Wad a« Ika Dallas Stataa. of of It the the and I are in Is has of bet only took Mil his ad her no IBS Ada Manning; a pretty colored so ciety girl, who lives with her aunt la hlcago, ie aa ex pert whittler and has lately sss ■ traded a little wooden englso. which runs os » miniature traeh.aH the resalt sC hsr handiness with a hnlfe. Ml as Manning la a tall, to My formed young woman, *0 years of age, with beautiful, wavy bteok Wr and an in telligent face. Sha waa bam Is Indi ana but educated la Mi chigan , where her parents still résida She always loved to whittle, she says, sad sasdA make almost anything. Since going to Chicago she baa can tinned to devote her spare moments to bar favorlta hobby and hna carved eat Many umiqwe and beautiful d saigna, some of white will shortly be placed-on exhibition at a colored church besser. To a reporter who called at hsr hoses recently Mies Manning exhibited hsr collection of whittling* and talksd In terestingly of her work. "I bars al ways loved to whittle," she said. "My father ie a carpenter and I used te watch him make the shavings fly. Than 1 would beg tor hie knife, that I, too, might make shavings At flrst, at above la In of and In that But wants fairly think to rea 1 be that But close thing are the tariffs. ex s 3 MISS ADA MANNING, course, I simply whittled indiscrimin ately, but by and by I began to make things. My flrst difficult piece of whit tling was a chain, which I cut out of n single stick of wood when I was only, 12 years old. I had heard people tell' of having seen such chains whittled, but as I had never seen one myself I didn't believe it could be done. "One day I determined to try trick for my own satisfaction. Bo sat down and thought It out; then began to whittle. To my great aston ishment, the links began to drop off' from my stick, one by one. The link*, were quite large, but I was delighted with my unexpected success, and ever since then 1've been whittling chaîna. I like to whittle in the sunshine and can work best when somebody is boring, me with a subject ia which I aa net' Interested." Mia Manning's wooden railroad träte is circular-shaped and Is nearly tea feet around. It was whittled from n single piece of wood, but the engine, coach and tender that belong to It were constructed out of 310 pieces. Hand, er in Its maker's words, "mule-power." la used in ita locomotion and it repre sents the use to which Mia Mtasis g has put her spar* moments during the last six months. ol in and and waa last six months. But this Is not all that this girl ban accomplished with her knife. She whittles toy steamships and sailing yachts, makes chains and anchors of various designs, wooden bibles, «*>« sore that will open and shut, whittled from pieces of lath, and she re 11 sa out pretty horseshoe* containing four-leaf clovers ami dainty menogramo—*H from one piece of wood. Her moat ori ginal production, however, ia a irnndi map of the United Statea, cut from g solid pine board, S3 inches long, t Inches thick and 18 Inches wide. TOo principal cities are shown by — «IV mounds bearing their names, and tho Ohio, h-lsslsslppi and Missouri rivers, the great lakes and mountain systems, are displayed. Miss Manning workod several months on tho map, and ex claims when exhibiting It: "Yon see, I own all the wood in the United Statw." Miss Manning plays the piano and sings acceptably. She Is a dressmaker by trade and «peaks of her ability as g whittler in a modest way. How He Kasw. Jones—I can't understand why Miss Abbey bleaches her hair. It posi tively looks fast. Brown— She doesn't bleach It and it isn't faat, however it may look. Jones—Why, you speak an If you knew all about it. Browa—I do,' I blew It off while she and I wer* watching the sun set in the lake yes terday.—Cleveland Leader. Ia aa Emergea«/. William Ann (to blind beggar)—Poor man, how do you tell when It U time for you to grope your way home?" Blind Man—By the heat of the sun. kind sir. William Ann—But suppose the sub is under a cloud? Blind man— I sneak behind that busk sise the . au d hav e a peep at me ticker. etc., oi that - ! No Cow* "I wish 1 knew of a summer board ing place where there are no cowa; « would engage board there to-morrow.*^ "Try our milkman; he's going to ti boarders."—Detroit Free Preis.