genius and patriot.
JOHN BOYLE O'REILLY'S MONU.
MENT IN BOSTON.
TJedlceted Recently with Great Cere
inony _coming to Host un in Tatter* !
H* llerame the City'* Moat Honored
ter the sudden
death of the gifted
poet and patriot at
, his home in Boston
it was resolved to
put up in that city
a suitable memorial
to the genius and
manhood of John
Boyle O'Reilly. An
mating $50,000 was raised almost con
temporaneously with the great memor
ial meeting at the Metropolitan Opera
House, when a demonstration without
parallel to the memory of a literary
man took place, with all the dramatic
features of music, poetry, rhetoric and
the enthusiasm of the densely packed
house. The Sixty-ninth regiment at
tended in full regimentals and gave
martial ardor to the proceedings; the
harp was played by the most gifted
artist on that instrument then in Amer
ica; Joseph I. C. Clarke read the poem
_hla own composition—and eloquent
addresses were made by Gov. David
B. Hill, Governor Leffh Abbett of New
Jersey, Roger A. Pryor and General
Daniel E. Sickles. It was! this and
similar commemorative movements
over the Union which gave a strong
stimulus to the well-directed enter
prise to produce a suitable memorial
in the highest school of the plastic art.
The response was immediate and gen
erous, and a commission was given to
the eminent sculptor, Daniel Chester
French, to design and execute the work
The memorial, as completed, was for
lially dedicated recently in Boston,
with appropriate ceremonies, and the
judgment of critical authority was that
the architectural composition was one
of startling artistic effect. In the domi
nating group of the three heroic bronze
figures — "Erin," "Patriotism" and
"Poetry"—we find an unalloyed sweet
ness of spirit, so invincibly charming
as to soften the edge of whatever ad
verse judgment may be visited upon the
outlines, the masses, proportions and
color of the entire structure; and one
critical writer has said that it is the
loveliest group American sculpture has
That such a monument should be
erected In Boston is significant when it
is considered that O'Reilly arrived
there in tatters and penniless, a fugi
tive from a penal colony, whither he
had been sent as an outlaw and Irish
agitator of a very dangerous type. It
shows, moreover, that there was some
thing fascinating in the Intellect and
personality of the man who became
a prime favorite with the highest New
England literary circle, and left behind
him an appreciative following such as
has not survived the death of any
Irishman who has come to our shores,
from misery and exile and from daring
escape, during the present century.
Mr*. Atherton In London.
The chief American guest at the din
ner of the London woman writers ap
pears to have been Mrs. Gertrude Ath
erton, who took up her residence in
London a little more than a year ago.
and who hae since had great vogue
there both as a story writer and a3 a
pretty woman. She has produced ro
mances and short stories in rapid pro
fusion. the latest being "Patience Spar
hawk and Her Times.'' Mrs. Atherton
is a blonde, of medium height, with
regular features and light yellow hair.
She made her debut as a writer in San
Francisco, her former-home, and after
ward for several years resided in New
What's In • Nmus
The current report that an American
publisher paid Kipling twelve thousand
dollars for the serial rights of his new
est story, a tale of Gloucester fisher
men, is interesting, both as showing
the present market value of his work
and its contrast with his meagre sal
ary as a sub-editor in Lahore not many
years ago. The story will afford
Americans an excellent lest of Kip
ling's realism, which in India, in the
matter of sport and military affairs, ex
cited the amazement of experts for its
She—"Dearest, am I the first girl you
He—"Little sweetheart, the man who
could look into those trusting blue eyes
and tell a falsehood is not fit to live.
So prepare yoursalf to hear the truth.
You are."—Cincinnati Enquirer.
lannsls of Gibraltar.
There are over 70 miles of tunnels
cut in the solid rock of Gibraltar.
SORRY TO BOTHER HIM.
Regretted Tbet He Had to Cell ■ Sec
ond Time for Stamp*.
He was not the countryman of the
comic papers, says the New York Jour
nal. His hat was a commonplace derby
that fitted him very well; his hair had
been cut during the month and seemed
destitute of hay germs, and his clothes
were not any funnier than they were
fashionable. And yet he was undoubt
edly from the country, and when he .
spoke he used a valuable magazine dia
He stood near the stamp window on
the Park Row side of the postoffice and
looked as if he were trying to make up
his mind to do something disagreeable I
to him. At last, after watching people ;
buy stamps for at least twenty minutes,
he hesitatingly approached the window
and said meekly.
"Hate to trouble ye agin."
"You remember I was here yis'day?"
" 'So? Whatyvit? Whatchuwant?"
"Why, ye see, I bought some stamps
an' I thought they'd be all I'd need till
I went back ter Fitch Holler, but I
wrote a letter to Marthy, an' I sent
her a calendar an' it took every stamp
I hed, an' so I'm 'fraid I'll hev to trouble
you for some more."
"Always read ther warn't no profit
in stamps, an' I feel reel mad at m'self
t I didn't get 'nough yis'day bo's not to
bother ye twice."
Well, ye might let me hev two."
"There 'tis. Guess they'll do me.
Sorry to hev troubled ye."
The crowd that had been impatiently
waiting to buy stamps now pushed the
citizen of Fitch Hollow to one side and
proceeded to "trouble" the stamp selle/
without any compunctions.
CAME OF DRAUGHTS.
It I* Doubtlrn a Very Ancient F»»
Draughts in some shape or form is
doubtless a very ancient pastime, says
Chambers' Journal. Indeed, the safest
tiling to say about it is that its origin
is lost in the mists of antiquity. Rep
resentations of persons playing at a
game resembling draughts are fre
quently found on ancient Egyptian
monuments at least 3.(.00 years old.
The Greeks had a similar game, from
whom possibly it passed to the Ro
mans. At least, the old Roman game
of latrunculi seems to have been a kind
of draughts—though it Is very doubt
ful if the game as now played is very
game as very
ancient. The game was popular and j
well known in France and Spain in j
the seventeenth century and was prob- ,
ably played there and in England cen- '
turies before that. That it was from !
France the game came into many of j
the other countries is evident from the
fact that the French name— jeu de j
dames—passed with it.
I)am or damme was once the regular
English name for one of the pieces; in
Germany the game is still called dame
spiel in Holland the board is dam
board, and in Scotland (as will be re
membered by readers of Dean Ram
say's anecdotes) dambrod still survives.
In the United States the less usual
name of chequers, spelt checkers, is
employed. Polish, Spanish. Italian and
Turkish draughts are varieties of the
sambe game. The Polish game, which
has several peculiarities, was intro
duced to Paris in 1723 and was first
played on a board of a hundred squares
with forty men.
A French Concert-Hull Singer.
At present New York is waiting with
pleasurable anticipation for the debut
of Anna Held, a musical artist who for
the last year has enthralled all Lon
don and Paris. Miss Held has been en
gaged to appear in the farce "A Parlor
Match" and it is said she will get $1,500
a week for three months.
Anna Held is a little brunette of sin
gular grace; her face is piquant and
mocking, her eyes dark and expressive,
her hair black and luxurious and worn
brushed off her forehead. Her mouth
is her chief charm and her teeth are
white and perfect. She is but three
inches over five feet, but has a beauti
ful figure. She is considered the reign
ing beauty of the music hall stage in
England and France, where pretty wo
men are put upon the stage and wor
shiped. Mis« Held does not cling to
one style of costume, as does Yvette
Guilbert, but dazzles her admirere by
her varied wardrobe.
Mother—"Mary, that young Spinners
has been paying a great deal of atten
tion to you of late? Do you think he
means business?" Mary (with a fara
way look)—"I am afraid he does, moth
er. He is the agent for a bicycle firm,
and he's done nothing but try to sell me
a bicycle ever since he has been com
H,s BUSY LIFE WAS BENEFICIAL
Ttlit' T ATI? W TT *iM7TTT I
1U£> JjAlüi >V . il. L.J111 II. I
Entered t'pon HI* Work When ■ Mere
Hoy — Dricrnded From Hutch Revolu
tionary Stuck — Hi* Connection With
the Associated IT««*.
HE death of Will
iam Henry Smith
ended a long career
of usefulness and
honor. He was de
scended from two
old New England
families. His fath
er, William DeFor
est Smith, who
__ born in Litchfield
cut, in 1805, was a grandson of Bethel
Smith, of Kent, who was a grandson of
the Rev. Henry Smith, a clergyman
well known In the Connecticut valley.
His mother was a daughter of Deacon
Story Gott, of Spencertown, Columbia
county, who was a lieutenant in the
army during the Revolutionary war,
and was descended from Daniel Gott,
who settled in the Connecticut valley
prior to 1690. The family was of Dutch
to origin and came to America on account
of religious freedom. The parents of
Mr. Smith emigrated to Ohio and set
tled on the Darby claim, in Union
county, in 1835, when he was about
two years old, he having been born in
Columbia county. N. Y., December 1,
Being of a studious turn of mind, Mr.
Smith had the best educational advan
tages the state afforded. He was a
GRANT'S TOMB PROGRESSING SLOWLY.
Grant's tomb at Riverside Park is
«lowly nearing completion. The dome
has received itB topmost cap, which is
165 feet from the ground.
It was thought that the monument
would be ready to receive Gen. Grant's
school-teacher fur a time, and next a
tutor in a Western college. Later he
became the assistant editor of a weekly
newspaper in Cincinnati. At the age
of twenty-two he had risen to the posi
tion of editor. At that time he was also
doing work for the Literary Review.
At the beginning of the civil war he
was engaged on the Cincinnati Gazette,
and took an active part in raising
troops and forwarding supplies, and,
through the medium of the press, did
WM. H. SMITH.
much to strengthen the Government.
Largely instrumental In making John
Brough Governor of Ohio, he afterward
berame the Governor's secretary, and
later was elected Secretary of State,
being re-elected In 1866. When Mr.
Smith retired from office, he became
the managing editor of the Evening
Chronicle. He was obliged, however,
to desist from such active work, on ac
count of ill health.
In 1870 he became manager of the
Western Associated Press, with head
quarters in Chicago. Several years
later, upon the personal request of
President Hayes, who had been his
I cloee personal friend for many years.
I he accepted the office of collector of
I CU8toma at Chicago. Durina his term
During his term
of office he was instrumental in bring
ing ubout many reforms in the cus
toms department. In 1S83 he again be
came actively engaged in Associated
Press work, and, in January of that
year he effected a consolidation of the
New York and the Western Associated
Press, taking the general managership
of the united systems, and became thus
charged with the responsibility of the
news service of the entire Western con
tinent, and the guiding power in a news
organization which, with itB working
alliée, encircled the globe. Mr. Smith
retired from the management of the
Associated Press in March, 1893.
In May, 1892. Mr. Sm|th and his son
in-law, Mr. Charles R. Williams, with
W. J. Richards, purchased the interests
of John H. Holliday and his two broth
ers In The Indianapoll« News, and Mr.
Williams became edltoif-ln-chlef of the
paper, which position he still holds.
Mr. Smith, since his retirement from
the management of the Associated
Tress, devoted much of his time to lit
erary work, particularly political his
tory. During his earlier and busier life
he had found time to do much work of
He had been a close student of early
life in the Northwest, and as a hlstto
grapher of the Northwest Territories
was probably without a compeer. His
crowning liternry achievement of thle
kind was his edition of the "St. Clair
Papers," embodying the career of Gen
eral and Governor Arthur of St. Clair, a
work in two royal octavo volumes,
which is recognized by the best critical
authorities as one of the most Import
ant contributions of the present gen
eration to the early history of the Re
public. For Mr. Smith's patriotic
body on the anniversary of his btrth
day, in April. Ground was broken for
the foundation in 1891, but It Is safe to
predict that another year will not see
the tomb completed. The above picture
is from a recent photograph.
lubor In the preparation of this work
the legislature of Ohio unanimously
voted him a resolution of thanks. He
was also the author of the biography of
Charles Hammond, wrote several pam
phlets and had contributed frequently
he founded a
to American periodicals,
tary of State of Ohio,
department of archives, a matter which
had been wholly overlooked since the
admis«lon of the state, and he suc
ceeded in recovering many valuable
papers, which are now on file In the
State House at Columbus. By his in
vestigation In the British Museum, he
brought to light many unpublished let
ter« of Washington to Col. lletvry
Bouqet, and showed thut those which
were published by Jared Spurks were
not given correctly.
Mr. Smith also wrote a "Political
History of the United State«," and re
cently bad been engaged on a life of
Rutherford B. Hayes, as the literary
executor of the dead president. His
association with Mr. Hayes, and the
confidential relations between them,
combined with Ills literary ability and
political knowledge, enabled him to do
this work probably better than any
other man could have done it. The
work, which, unfortunately, is prob
ably not as complete as Mr. Smith
would have made It, had he lived, was
not only a carefully prepared and In
teresting account of event« In Mr.
Hayes' life and career, but was Inci
dentally a review of the political his
tory of the country, particularly that
part of It connected with the recon
struction period in the south. Advance
sheets of Mr. Smith's book were recent
ly sent to Senator John Sherman of
Ohio, who said that the book promised
to be the most valuable digest of recent
political history ever written.
Mr. Smith lived at Lake Forest, near
Chicago, where he had an ideal subur
ban home, "The Hocks," a house of the
colonial style. In beautiful »rounds.
Hit* library was one of the largeet and
most valuable in the country, und wee
probably more complete In work« on
the political history of this country
and England than any other private li
brary. In all he had about 7,500 vol
umes, besides Innumerable pamphlets j
and public documents.
THE YOUNGER DICKENS.
Commonplace Bonn and Danghtava of là*
Great Novelle ta
It is only natural that the death of
Charles Dickeas, Jr., has revived a
temporary interest in his father alone
says an exchange. "Sad is the heri
tage of a great name!" wrote George
W. Curtis in the "Potlphar Papers."
"We should dread to be born a Percy
Colonna or a Bonaparte. We
should not like to be the second duke
of Wellington nor Charles Dickens, Jr.
It is a terrible thing, one would say,
to a mind of honorable feeling to be
pointed out aa somebody's son or uncle
or granddaughter, as if the excellence
were all derived." Curtis wrote this in
1855, when Charles Dickens. Jr., was
actually in extatence—Indeed, he was
then a stalwart boy of 18—but had not
yet begun a career that was at once
handicapped and promoted by the fact
that he was his father's eon. His abili
ties were of the moderate order which
would at least have eacaped opprobrium
if he had represented only himself but
would hardly have won for him the
editorship of "All the Year Round" had
he not been the literary legatee of
Charles Dickens. The younger Charles
leaves eight daughters, so the line of
descent Is likely to continue and the
blood of the great novelist will keep
Its hold upon eternity. But so far It
seems to have exhausted Itself in the
great protagonist and after that brll
liant flowering has run to seed. The
only writing done by the grandchildren
la typewriting, two of the girls having
an office in London. Of the sons of the
novelist two, deepite the fact that they
were baptized Alfred Tennyson and
Edward Bulwer Lytton Dickens, are
plain, prodding real estate agents in
Australia. Henry Fielding Dickens Is
a barrister of no special renown. Three
other sons died without giving a sign.
Of the dnughiers. Mary, the eldest, has
given absolute evidence of all lack of
literary ubility by publishing some
novels of which the least said the bet
ter. Kate, the second, was the only
brilliant offspring, but her talent took
the form of art rather than literature.
She married successively two artiste,
the last being Peruglnl. Sir John Mil
lais was so great an admirer of Kate's
beauty that he painted her in his
famous "Black Brunswicker." He ad
mired her talent sufficiently to give her
instructions in art. She ha« had no
instructions in art. She ha« had no
Colonie* und No <'olon 1*t*.
What the French colonies covet above
all things are colonists. The need la
for more men. But In colonizing, as In
all other things, the factor of competi
tion appears. Only a definite number of
colonists leave Europe every year and
for them the colonies of the world In
formally compete, offering this or that
advantage to the intending settler. But
one of the first things the colonist wants
to know Is whether living will be fairly
cheup in the place of which be ia think
ing. "Can 1 get the things I want to
build my house and work my farm rea
sonably cheap, and will the comforts 1
shall want fur myself and my family be
procurable at moderate price*?"
These are the sort of questions that
occur to the "balancing" colonlat. But
as regards the French colonies a close
Investigation can prove only one thing
—namely, that Bettlers In them are
handicapped by high tariff* and the
dear prices that follow high tariffs.
Hchce the French colonies find It ex
tremely difficult to attract colonists.
Italians, Germans and Englishmen who
are going to leave Europe find the
Frentdi colonies too dear, and even the
few Frenchmen who voluntarily "exile
themselves" prefer places where they
will not be pursued by the general tar
iff. The result is that the French col
onies are without colonists.—Spectator,
Hflwall »ml Ron.
Although Arthur Bewail, the demo
cratic vice-presidential nominee, has
long been a national committeeman,his
fame outside of Maine has heretofore
been quite overshadowed by that ol
Ills melodramatic son, Harold Marsh
Sewall, who wa« Cleveland's and Har
rison's consul general to Samoa, and
who distinguished himself by transfer
ring his party allegiance to the repub
licans. The younger Sewall Is more
of an orator than his father. Father
and son resemble each other physically,
being men of medium height and sturdy
physique, and each Is a warm admirer
of the other.
Henry Wird needier*« eon«.
Henry Ward Beecher's sons are in
teresting men, most of all the lawyer
con who recently secured his brother's
acquittal In a celebrated case before
a New York court. He Ie tall and
straight, with a stalwart form that con
trasts with his mother's diminutive
figure. Mr. Beecher is between 45 and
50. though hl« hair la white. He waa
an assistant district attorney under
Delancey Nicoll, and la a successful
lawyer. He is an enthusiaatic wheel
man, and is fond of microscopy.
The Vailxan at Siberia.
A graphic Idea of the Immense sise
of Siberia may be gleaned from the
following comparison ; AH of the statee,
kingdoms, principalities, empires, etc.,
of Europe (except Russia), and all
the United States, Including Alaska,
could be placed Bide by elde In Siberia,
and yet but little more than cover that
Immense country. __, •
A CLEVER W
MISS ADA MANNING MAKES
GOOD USB OP A KNIFE.
Mac Baus a SSImtatara teMMU
Vlltl Aekl*T*a*Bl Was *•
Chain fro a* a Black af Wad
a« Ika Dallas Stataa.
IBS Ada Manning;
a pretty colored so
ciety girl, who lives
with her aunt la
hlcago, ie aa ex
pert whittler and
has lately sss
■ traded a little
which runs os »
the resalt sC hsr
handiness with a hnlfe.
Ml as Manning la a tall, to My formed
young woman, *0 years of age, with
beautiful, wavy bteok Wr and an in
telligent face. Sha waa bam Is Indi
ana but educated la Mi chigan , where
her parents still résida She always
loved to whittle, she says, sad sasdA
make almost anything. Since going
to Chicago she baa can tinned to devote
her spare moments to bar favorlta
hobby and hna carved eat Many umiqwe
and beautiful d saigna, some of white
will shortly be placed-on exhibition at
a colored church besser.
To a reporter who called at hsr hoses
recently Mies Manning exhibited hsr
collection of whittling* and talksd In
terestingly of her work. "I bars al
ways loved to whittle," she said. "My
father ie a carpenter and I used te
watch him make the shavings fly. Than
1 would beg tor hie knife, that I, too,
might make shavings At flrst, at
MISS ADA MANNING,
course, I simply whittled indiscrimin
ately, but by and by I began to make
things. My flrst difficult piece of whit
tling was a chain, which I cut out of n
single stick of wood when I was only,
12 years old. I had heard people tell'
of having seen such chains whittled,
but as I had never seen one myself I
didn't believe it could be done.
"One day I determined to try
trick for my own satisfaction. Bo
sat down and thought It out; then
began to whittle. To my great aston
ishment, the links began to drop off'
from my stick, one by one. The link*,
were quite large, but I was delighted
with my unexpected success, and ever
since then 1've been whittling chaîna.
I like to whittle in the sunshine and
can work best when somebody is boring,
me with a subject ia which I aa net'
Mia Manning's wooden railroad träte
is circular-shaped and Is nearly tea
feet around. It was whittled from n
single piece of wood, but the engine,
coach and tender that belong to It were
constructed out of 310 pieces. Hand, er
in Its maker's words, "mule-power." la
used in ita locomotion and it repre
sents the use to which Mia Mtasis g
has put her spar* moments during the
last six months.
last six months.
But this Is not all that this girl ban
accomplished with her knife. She
whittles toy steamships and sailing
yachts, makes chains and anchors of
various designs, wooden bibles, «*>«
sore that will open and shut, whittled
from pieces of lath, and she re 11 sa out
pretty horseshoe* containing four-leaf
clovers ami dainty menogramo—*H
from one piece of wood. Her moat ori
ginal production, however, ia a irnndi
map of the United Statea, cut from g
solid pine board, S3 inches long, t
Inches thick and 18 Inches wide. TOo
principal cities are shown by — «IV
mounds bearing their names, and tho
Ohio, h-lsslsslppi and Missouri rivers,
the great lakes and mountain systems,
are displayed. Miss Manning workod
several months on tho map, and ex
claims when exhibiting It: "Yon see, I
own all the wood in the United Statw."
Miss Manning plays the piano and
sings acceptably. She Is a dressmaker
by trade and «peaks of her ability as g
whittler in a modest way.
How He Kasw.
Jones—I can't understand why
Miss Abbey bleaches her hair. It posi
tively looks fast. Brown— She doesn't
bleach It and it isn't faat, however it
may look. Jones—Why, you speak an
If you knew all about it. Browa—I do,'
I blew It off while she and I wer*
watching the sun set in the lake yes
Ia aa Emergea«/.
William Ann (to blind beggar)—Poor
man, how do you tell when It U time
for you to grope your way home?"
Blind Man—By the heat of the sun.
William Ann—But suppose the sub
is under a cloud?
Blind man— I sneak behind that busk
au d hav e a peep at me ticker.
"I wish 1 knew of a summer board
ing place where there are no cowa; «
would engage board there to-morrow.*^
"Try our milkman; he's going to ti
boarders."—Detroit Free Preis.
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