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— BY— C. A. Forksman, Publisher. Entered at the Lewiston Poatofficeas •count Class MhII Mutter. One year, in acP'anee................... iM Mix mouths................................... 1 -A® Three months...............................75 Tbl» Lud ol Promue. Irrigation and the conditions of location and climate will in the future make the Lewiston valley orchard and garden lands the most valuable in the world for farming purposes. The perpetual summer sunshine and the desiccants of the atmosphere promote perfect growth, and effectually prevent all fungus diseases of vegetables and fruits. Warmth without humidity is a distinctive feature of the Lewiston valley climate. Mold, rust, blight and the lower forms of insect life that feed upon the plants have an antidote in this sun dried mountain air. Irrigation affords the f rmer con trol of the requisite next to sum raer beat in importance in plant growth. The fertilizing agents are always at the command of the farmer, but the climatic conditions of moisture aud heat in other coun tries are beyond the reach of man. The season ol growth here is per fect for there is uninterrupted sun shine through June, July and August. All other conditions are within the scope of science. The grower supplies the water and the question of fertilizers is for future generations to consider As the floods bring plant food to the great river bottoms irrigation brings wbat the crop takes off. Lewiston valley is a natural garden spot for an inland empire. For every acre oi this garden and fruit land there will be a thousand thrifty people to supply with the seasonable products of these special gardens and orchards. No other section of the world £an claim a combination of circumstances equally favorable for a farming community. Crops that from the conditions must be excessive and sure must be profitable as welj, when placed in a market free from possible competition. Okomatloas of Ecoaoay. The commonwealth itself and every political division of the state experienced a violent spasm ot re form last November. Convulsions and other dangerous symptoms of organic derangmeut continued through the sersion of the legisla lure. Complaints of extravagance in office were formulated in the heat of the campaign. Extrava gance became a political phantom and the warfare against it became political hysteria. The mouse from the mountain is the non de script fee bill. Every candidate who became an officer at the last election was en gaged in the hysterical medicine dance to drive out the phantom of republican extravagance trom the body politic. The fee bill is in the line of the faith they preached, but in practice the faith is very un popular. The fee bill is uow the law of the- land. It is populist re form ideas crystalized into law. It is the embodiment of popular economy. The county officers who are eflected were the pol'ti cians who preached reform betöre the election, who clamored for reduction of salaries. The fee bill is the law of the laud although it may be indefinite in its application. It is perhaps the derelict ot au excess of zeal and a dearth of practical knowledge on the part of the partisan law makers- It brings about the re ductiou of salaries of officers and the officers effected are the politi cians who preached the policy of reduction. This much we might all admire. We might rejoice in the triumph of practical economy but the politicians who preached economy for the republicans resist the reduction of salaries when the officers are the real champions of economy. is a Throughout the length and bredth of the land the officers who ( were prompted by a spasm of re form are organized to defeat not! only the principle of economy but! to resist the law of the land that! reduces salaries. It is commendable citizenship to prac.ice economy, and only less to preach it; but a consperacy to defeat the law in order to draw an exces sive salary is worse than legal ex travagance. An Interior Industry. The American Loan aud Trust Co , of New York, has floated bonds for the const! uction of a smelter in the Seven Devils mining district. The exact locations of the works lias not been determined. The significant feature of this en terprise is the fact that a company so strong should become interested in one of our interior undeveloped mining districts. The American Loan and Tru ;t Co. is one of the strongest industrial organizations in the United States. It controls the destiny of some of the greatest railroad systems in the country. A smelter in the Seven Devils means an enormous freight traffic. The shipment of fuel into the camp to supply a snrelter is only a little less .han the shipment out of the ore treated. In fact it would s ini ulate the productions of the camp so much that it would tax a great transportation line to full capacity to supply any camp that would justify the erection and operation of a smelter. The proposed site of the Seven Devils smelter is at some point on Snake river or within a few miles of the river. Boats on the upper Snake are the proposed makeshift for handling the freight at the be ginning of operations. The coal alone necessary to operate a plant of this nature would justify the building of a railroad up Snake river from Lewiston to Huntington. Such traffic will seek the easiest grades and the most economic facilities for execution. This surely means railroad communica tion for the people of this valley and the Seven Devils mining district. Tbc Prospector. The prospector should have place of honor in the history of Idaho. The mines of the past brought this lair land to the notice of the world; and the hardy, ven turesome prospectors made . trails and told the tales of wealth to the people who ettme and made this a great state. There seems to have come a time when Idaho needed to be dis covered over again. The second time the prospectors went into the mountains dug into the rocks aud gave an other hidden store of pre cious metal to the world. This again has aroused the world and is making Idaho famous for the second time. What is called the Diugley tariff bill is not making progress through the senate. The house, the more popular law making branch of the government, passed this measure fur which the people asked last November, in terms that cannot be mistaken,with commendable haste. The senate is not a representative body of the fullest sense. The membership is not based upon the population but upou districts- It is in a large sense a sectional hotly. In questions of reversions of policy the senate does not respond to pub lic sentiment because the official term is so long. In this age of progression it is not impossible for a revolution ot sentiment to trans pire within the long term of six years. This is an instance of such revolution. Tie surest measure of public economy is the price ot bonds. The Idaho state bonds are discounted more at this time than ever before so soon after the adjournment of the legislature. The reform that increases discounts is like a remedy that kills the patient. —Fine chocolate* and holm-m ule candies at the Candy Store. ( Notice to Creditors. F.statc of M M Williams, deceased. Notice is hereby given that letters Testante« tory ou the Ivrtate of M M. Williams deceased, were granted to the umteisigned on the 26th dav of April, lHgT. by the 1 'robate court of Ne* Perce county. All persons having claims against said Kstatc are required to exhibit them to either of us for allowance, at the store 01 the late M M Williams within ten months after the date of this uotiee. or they shall be forever barred. This 30th day of April, 1S97. Mahv a. Loomkh. Stanley v. h. I.oomhr Kxecutors. Notice to Creditors. Rotate of F. A. Hale, deceasetl. Notice is hereby given, that letters of Admin istration on the hstate of F. A. Hale deceased, were granted to the undersigned on the 12th day ol April, 1S97, by the I'robate Court of Nez Perce county. All persons having claims against said Kstate are required to exhibit them to me for allowance, at my residence in Lewiston within ten months after the date of this notice, or they shall be for ever barred. his 16th day ol April. 1S97. Alice F. Haiku. Administratrix. Order to Show Cause why Order ol Sale ol Real Estate ShoaM not he flraoled. Iu the Probate Court of Nez Perce County, State of Idaho. In the matter of the estate of Richard J. Monroe, deceased. Hinma Monroe the Administratrix ofthe estate of Richard J. Monroe, deceased, having filed her petition herein, duly verified, praying for an order of sale of certain real estate of said dece dent. for the purjKise therein set forth. It isthere fore ordered by said Court that all persons in terested i 11 the estate of said deceased, appear before the said Probate Court on Wednesday the 19th day of May, A. D. 1H97. at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day. at the Court room of said Court, at the Court house in Lewiston, Nez Perce county, state of Idaho, then and there to show cause why au order should not be granted to said Administratrix to sell so much of tne real estate of said deceased, at private sale, as shall be nec essary; and that a copy of this order be published at least four successive weeks iu the Lewiston Tkli.kh a weekly newspaper printed and pub lished iu the city of Lewiston, Nez Perce county, state of Idaho. Datei April ao, 1897. P. K. Stookky, Probate Judge. Notice lor Publication. Notice (or publication tf time appoin'ed for proving will. In the probale couit, In xml for Nez Perce Co. State of Idaho. Iu the matter of the estât? of M. M. Williams, deceased. Pursuant to an order of *ai 1 Probate Court, made on the 23rd day of Match, 1S97, notice is hereby given that Monday, the 2SU1 day of April 1S97. at to o'clock a. in . ot said day, at the court room of said court, at the eftty of Lewiston iu the state of Idaho, county of ffez*Perce, has been ap pointed as the time ami place for proving the will 01 said M. M. Williams, deceased, and for hearing the application of Mary A. Loonier and Stanley V. II. Loonier for the issuance to them of letters testamentary when and where any perxou interested may appear and contest the same. Date«! March 23rd, 1S97. P. R. STOOKF.Y. Judge and Rx-ofTicio Cleik ofthe Probate Court for and iu the county ot Nez Perce, state of ld»w u Notice lor Publicstioo. Notice for publication of time appointed for proving will, etc Iu the probate court, in and for Nez Perce coun ty, state of Idaho. In the matter ofthe estate of Melaine Lc Fran cois, deceased. Pursuant to an order of the Probate Judge, of said Probate Court, made 011 the 30th day of April 1897, notice is hereby given that Saturday, the 29th day of May, 1897, at3 o'clock, p. m., of said day, at the couft-room of said court, at the court house, in the city of Lewiston, county of Nez Perce state of Idaho, has been appointed as the time the will of __________ and for hearing the ap plication of Rugene J. Houhore for the issuance to him of Letters Testamentory, when and where anv person interested may appear and contest the same, Dated May 7th, 1S97. P. R. Stookf.y, Cler«t. Order to Show Cause Why Order ol Sale Real Estate Sboald Not Be Made. of In the Probate Court of the county of Nez Perce, state of Idaho. In the limiter of the estate of Alex ander M'jGregor, Deceased. I). S. Dent the administrator of the estate of Alexander McGregor, deceased, ha vine Hied his petition herein duly verified, praying for an order of aal*- of certain part of real estate of said decedent, for the purpose therein set forth, it ia therefore ordered by the Judge of said Court, that all persona interested in the estate of said decease i, appear before the aaid Pro bate Court, on Thursday the 6th day of May 1897, at 10 o'clock a. in., of aaid day, at the Court room of said Probate Court at the Court house In the city of Lewiston, county of Nez Perce, state of Idaho, to show cau-e why an order should not be granted to the said ad ministrator to sell so much of the real estate of the said deceased at private sale as shall he necessary. And that ».copy of this order he published at least four successive weeks in the Lkwihton Tkli.kk a newspaper print ed aud published in said city and county. Dated April 8th, 1807. P. E. Htookry, Probate Judge. V INELAND Vineland's five mouths' growth is the most remarka ble record of development of any community on the Pacific Coast—no compari son with mining camps be ing attempted. Canal con struction began about Mar. 14, 1896. Water first reach ed Vineland July 18, 1896. On October 14, 1896, there were three buildings erect ed, and lumber for less thau a dozen more was on the ground. Today there are over seventy dwellings aud business houses up or in construction, aud nearly as many more contracted for the next three months. Several parties who paid $100 per acre have been of fered $140 to $150 per acre, but refuse to sell at less thau $200 per acre. Hun dreds of acres are being set •to fruit trees. All conditions are favorable to a most prosperous future for Vine land and its town of Lewis ton, Washington. l.ewistnii Water A Power Comuany. Le wist ou, Idaho. or TT Ud ® LüïSnp HffTÏoML D. M. White, President. J. Alexander, Vice Pres i n Geo. H. Rester, Cashier. W. F. KetUnheth Afst Call JINK. Corner ol Fourth and Main Streets LEWISTON............ IDAHO. for ol her an in the the Dl R6CTORS. I Mr«. Sullie Kettenbaeh, C. C. Bunnell, J. Alexander, D. M. White. B. F. Morri«, W.F. Kettenhaeh, George H. Rester. TKÄNSÄCT / A QENEK4L É Ä RO BS 0 KÎ ® BUSINESS. Sight exchange sold on the principal Cities of the United and Europe. State Jno. I'. Vollmer, Pres R. Vollmer, V. Pres. E. W. Eaves, Cash. The First National Ml Of Lewiston, Idaho Capital and Surplus, $160,000.00. THE STRONGEST BANK IN IDAHO Fire proof vault for use of customers for safe keeping of valuables. Burglar proof steel safe, protected by Sargent & Greenleaf time lock. Correspondents iu all the principal cities of the world. Buy and sell exchange. for is the ap the for of of for of the ap The 0 . R. & N. Exchange. Headquarters for Business and Travelling Men. Club and Billiard Rooms annexed. White & Walker — Proprietors. MERTÆ & 60 . Dealers iu all kinds of Fresh and Cured Meats. Sausages and Fancy Meats a Specialty. We would be pleased to receive a portion of your patronage. DOWNING, HOPKINS &CO. Chicago Board of Trade Brokers. Grain, Stocks nnil Provisions (might ami sold on margins. Offices—Chi cago, Ills.. Portland anil Salem, Oregon, Spokane and »eut tie, Wash. One thousand bushels and upwards, commission f cent per bushel or $(>.25 for 5000 hvshels. Our new 1890 Reference Book just issued, giving maiket terms, defi nitions, explanations »ml private cipher code, with all necessary intlrmatiou for investors ami traders. Write for it. Best of referenees. Seve.al years ex perlenee on change. DOWN ING, HOPKINS A CO., I Spokane, Wash. Just This One Thing Schilling's Best Coffee has attracted many people to our store. But when they get inside it is easy to sell them more from our choice lines of staple and fancy groceries. WE SOLL FRESH BREAD Tbe Lewiston Bakery, S. WILDENTHALER. Lewiston, Idaho, J- M. HARRINGTON -Dealer In Plain and Dressed Lumber, Lath, Shingles. Posts, Wood, Etc. L. L. STRONG. UNDERTAKER, And Embaimer. t-or Sale. Ilk)acre farm, 2 miles from Lewiston for $2.250.ti<). Terms; $IOno cash, balance in three equal unnu I i.av ments at seven per cent. 40 acres nil tivated; water on the premises. J. N. Stacy. Room 2, Lewiston National Bank Building. Mo.VKYToI.OAN oil well Improved Potlatch farms, at 10 |>er cent. X , commissions. L. J. Hokna.ii ay ID® ïï@oo MaiDOs When we can make riding so cheap and comfortable a luxury? Fine turnouts fur nished for all occasions. " in find dial they consult *hfir it .«crests when they p'.lionize the White Front Stables Wm. Havkkmck, Prop. Main St. East of Htyttiond House. Lewiston, Idaho, James H. Thomas, CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER. , dob Work Specialty . Estimates on any ami all kiuds ot work tu my line promptly given and satisfaction assured. Call and see me. Nstlcc. I-oxsAuct-a» lots in Clearwater ad •iitiou ou the Installment plan. Apply 10 •*. W. Kkttknbach, Agent. Lkwibton, Lewiston National Bank Idaho. Practices in Stale and Washington and Idaho, and own^SÜ e » wnnplg. Abstract Books of Nez p erctCs JAMES W. Reid Attorney at Law. _ * l "Aa t Practices in the Slate ami ldahoand Washington, other J.If , Odd Fellows building m l W| J- A. GUY Eli, Attorney at Law Room 5. Lewiston Xali„„g| Building " THE L. L. HAYNES CO., -Lawyers, Real Estate, Loan, Insurai»«. Collection Brokers. Land offl« ness a sp-clalty. Correspo Ud M ta erywhere. All business given— attention. Suite 5 and H, Magn^ S. R. HOGIN, Attorney at Law. Business before the U. S Land a s|K-eiulty. Plata of the N*. reservation, Ottlee on Main Rt iston, Idaho. , H. F. Hi'ki.kiuh, JohnQ BURLEIGH & GREEN Lawyers. Room 6, Vollmer Block Idaho. ' ** E. O'NELL, Attorney at Law and tary Public. All busiuess carefully attended to v lice iu all courtsof Washington ami Id (ice on Main street, I.ewis'on opposite Store. J)R. F. J. BOSTON, Dentist. Teeth extracted vilhout pain. Dr. J. F. ATKINSON. DENTIST. First class work at reason prices. C. C. PHILLIPS, M.D Physician - aud - Sur Office— Adams Bldg. 'Phone 11 J. A. Terteling, Contractor and Bui Keeps a full stock of Common Pressed Brick, Lime and Hair. Would he pleased to Hgure on kinds of brick and car|>enter work. Lewiston, Idaho. E. 0 BROWN, M D « D PHYSICIAN A SURGEON. Main St., Lewiston, Staintnn The doctor is a graduate of the tab School of Medicine l England) low of the Society of Medicine of Britain, Graduate of the A Medical College, Member of tbe tlonal Association Medical Hn J " of Great Britain, and Vice F> of the American Association ot clans and Surgeons (Indiana). L. F. INMAN, M. D., Homoeopathic Physi And Specialist. Office two door* east of Bee Hi* flee hours moi ning 9 to 12; * to 5evening 7 to 8. Hpeeialti' ami all nervous and ohrmilen lioth men and women, v chlldren given siiecial attention try and city calls given prompt tion. H. T MADGWICK LEWISTON IDAHO My home farm fronting lit* water river one mile from t f,wl1 sale. The let ms are easy. Nkwton Hi Palace • Sal Celebrated Whiskies— J. H. Cutter, McHrief and Stonewall. » Liquors and wine* formed!' I »uses. K. Rons. Pr» Real Estate Batt* l(f - For the next thirty Oxford Addition will be»!" low price of $25 to lib**. *' 1 ". -g stalment plan or will yg for cash. A supply <»f trround. H. K. Ba Kcal Lit»».