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the times />r COLLECTION OF INTER choice c° t(NG iteMS . . .ml crltlclum« Based Upon of ' h - '»"X— HUt "r .«** „bout house-cleaning -Duft" 8pe,U îhlnk of it. you'd tetter not if ,'^T h „,1 Huinboidt both say WDf ilo pound of the finest spider ^« nuM reai'li urotmd the w orid. nr the ir^^^a„ affair By Ji Furopenn nations have earned fid thrashing, which they are likely to ROh______ o m Pasha ( Oiuniander of the Turk „„'the Macedonian frontier, Undoubtedly will prove a hard man to buck ag alnsi. „ „ vatf , r U one of the strongest The 5 mi earth The force required lieTone is more than nine hundred limes its weight. _ Athens declares ' in the air. That One report from honor of .urope ' otnproniised." I is pro it being 1 Maine paper says that a man in IBlddeford has invented a pencil sharp lener that will sharpen pencils. How ibuse New England reporters can pro I vark'âte.^«■"■■s If the fellow who has been praying for rain lately will send his address to almost anvone in the lower Mississippi Llley his ease will receive prompt and careful attention. \ow Iiev. Lyman Abbott intimates that Jonah lied about his voyage with in the whale. This is taking a mean advantage of Jonah when he isn't here to give evidence In his own behalf. A Pennsylvania Jury the other day gave Anna Dickinson a verdict of ti'/i iceuts for false imprisonment in an asy lum. And now it will be just like those Mellows to try to cheat her out of the quarter cent. The Atlanta Journal announces that "a splinter which had remained In the foot of Miss Bate Martin for forty-four years has worked itself out." This, we believe, is one of the longest infan tile inflictions on record. Dallas News: f here are no floods in Texas hut of sunshine and song, and there are enough of these to Illumine the gloom of Erebus and to swell all si lence with symphonies. Such is the situation in gleaming, gorgeous, grand old Texas! Chicago within tlie last few months has had enough object lessons to prove beyond any question that It is impossi ble for the officials of banking institu tions to bring about a restoration of general prosperity by loaning funds to themselves. It Is stated that 03 per cent, of tlie manufactured food products of tlie United States are adulterated, and yet the people of this country cannot con sume all the pure foods they produce. It Is dear, therefore, that we are 03 per cent, an unenlightened people and need anew illumination of some kind. Phoeulx, Ariz., rejoices because the Introduction of the Gnmewell fire alarm system does away with what a local newspaper ealls "tlie time-hon ored system of giving notice of tire by a discharge of revolvers." As* a municipal improvement this is decided ly noteworthy. The historical "thiu red line" so often lueutioued by English writer« in con nection with their scarlet-coated army U becoming decidedly thinner. For, according to orders Just issued by the War Department In Ixindon, the chest measurement for Infantry recruits has been reduced to thirty-two inches. Cleveland Plain Dealer: After much delay the grave and reverend seniors of the Supreme bench of Iowa have handtsl down a definition of the word "»wipe." it means according to this nninipeachable authority "to steal." and is thus made an actionable epithet. this momentous definition be noted down by those whose passions are eas y aroused to the abusive pitch. A device is on trial In a Boston hotel w hich, it is hoped, will reduce the rate of deaths by asphyxiation. A small coamlier of brass containing quicksilver j* *° attached to every Jet In the house 'hat unllghted gas escaping through a •top-cock will ring an electric bell in he office. One night recently two *acsis accidentally left the gns on un Rhted, and a prompt alarm to the offlee proved the efficacy of the contriv ance, The promptness with which water tttns from cleared lands is Illustrated n the Adirondacks this year. On those mountains wherever the trees have been removed I« not even a flake of * n °w. it has a u tieen melted and vush«*,i down to swell the rising «reams. On the mountains where the ree* are still left there Is yet snow to a eptli of eighteen inches which will STa<l nally melt as the weather te coonies warm, sink Into the ground and I rough the springs of the adjacent vnl p» feed streams when they will need feeding. In an Italian dally newspaper, the Roman Tribuna, of the 20th of Janu ,ry . ovenra this extraordinary para "In San Francisco, California, "ere took place recently a terrific panic " 4 theater. During a performance a lamp exploded, which caused a panic and wild rush for the door, during which three hundred spectators ami thirty-six actors were killed." This is another Illustration of the old saying, "tlo away from home to learn the news." There certainly has been no such panic in a San Francisco theater recent years, and we doubt whether there ever was. Excellencies," as all travelers know, are dirt cheap in Europe, for every lib ernl man Is so en lied by all the servants and peasants in Italy and the other Latin countries. Only one American at a time, of all our seventy-odd mil lions. is entitled to be so called. That person is the (lovernor of Massachu setts. He is so by a constitutional pro vision of tlie Commonwealth. Not even the President of the United States is entitled to be so addressed. This mat ter was settled more than a century ago in tlie convention which framed our Constitution. Paris is excited over an American style of robbery, which lias Just struck that town. The story is told by the Paris correspondent of tlie New York Sun: "The proprietor of a tine restau rant of a certain class was tlie victim of a third swindle, though 'twas more a Joke than a fraud. A party of four young bloods dined one evening, not wisely but too well and too expensive ly. at liis establishment. After a mag nificent repast in a private room there was a dispute about who should pay and the proprietor was sent for. Each of the diners declared that lie was there as the guest of the other throe. The dispute went on In a jocose fashion until the restaurant keeper threatened to call the police unless his money was forthcoming. The fqur young men were annoyed at this suggestion. "Is that the way you treat gentlemen?" exclaim ed one of tlie party. "Now, see here. Since we are out for a lark I propose that we blindfold you, Mr. Proprietor, and tlie one of us whom you catch first will pay for the supper and for two more bottles of champagne." The res taurant keeper agreed. He was secure ly blindfolded, and he groped about the apartment in vain for a quarter of an hour. Then lie pulled off tlie bandage to find that the four revelers had fled. The collapse of a bunk is always a public calamity, the evil cou.vquences of which enu never be measured in mere pecuniary loss. It requires some thing besides columns of figures to ad equately represent the deplorable re sults of such a catastrophe ns the wrecking of the (Slobp Savings Bank of Chicago. Tlie damage to business in the resultant loss of confidence in bank ing institutions and tlie general demor alization of the credit structure upon which 00 per cent, of our transactions are based cannot be accurately calcu lated In figures. The failure of the Globe Savings Bank reveals a startling record of official perfidy and dishonor. Seldom does a mere business collapse disclose such a depth of moral rotten ness involving such gross betrayals of trusts that men ordinarily hold sacred. The story of the wreck Is black with the most corrupt political Jobbery. The deeper It Is probed the more offensive becomes tlie stench to the nostrils of hottest men. Tlie State of Illinois should probe the affair to the bottom to tlie end that tlie blame for the deplora ble condition of affairs may be placed where it belongs and the culpable par ties severely puulsliod. The interests of honest banking, tlie Interests of tlie State institutions whose funds were jeopardized, and the rights of those whose savings were engulfed In the maelstrom of political jobbery and criminal peculation, all demand that the Investigation be made rigidly and promptly. The people desire to know if they have any protection In law from such flagrant betrayals of trust by those who have committed to them tlie savings of tlie poor and tlie funds of State institut ions. a Washington Well Fortified. In view of the fact that the national capital was once taken and burned by a foreign enemy, it is reassuring to know that a calamity so humiliating is not likely to occur again, even in case of sudden war. Washington is the best defended city In the country. A hostile fleet could not now ascend the Potomac, as was done In 1S14, when President Madison and his wife were compelled to make n hurried escape across tin* Potomac to avoid capture by the British. For military and prudential reasons little has teen allowed to be made known concerning the new works and the heavy ordnance recently installed below the city; but for the past two years engineers have teen busy at the river forts. Some very formidable guns are now In position there, and a system of torpedo defenses perfected : which would render the approach of an euemy's warships, within twelve miles of Washington, practically Impossible. The defensive works are located at the "elbow," or turn, of the Potomac where old Forts W ashlngton and Sheri dan stood, nnd where at one point the channel for vessels of deep draught is but 300 yards wide. The guns are protected on the water side by emplacement walls of stone and concrete seventy feet thick, nnd on the land side by redoubts for Infantry. The rapidly increasing wealth aud a importance of Washington, the grand new public buildings and the vast sums of money and bullion in the treasury render these protective and defensive measures a matter of national Import „„„„ nnd necessltv ance an d necessity. _ Diaconraored. Jess- Why don't the Smith girls go out any more on their bicycles? Bess— They heard a man tell his lit museum out to advertise the show. New York Journal. . f fronj the tie Doy tney OSMmiw lifc.Nt.RAL.IN-CHIEF OF 1 HE TuKKiAH ARMIES* 4 /A m & <* I A IP* (û N EXT to the Sultnn himself Osman I'aslia is the most important personage in tlie Ottoman Empire. It is he upon whom will largely depend the out come of the present war. for Osman Pasha is the highest military power under Ahdnl Hamid. Ostnen is a Moslem soldier of tlie ancient type, fanatical, frugal, absolutely fearless, an intense believer in Allah and the prophet, and, when intrenched behind earthworks, next to inviueible. He is the most distinguished soldier in all the empire, and one of the most distinguished in all Europe. He is now in his sixty-sixth year ami as keen a general as ever. He came out of that ancient country. Asia Minor. His native town is Tokat. and lie was trained for the army from his babyhood. He entered tlie military school at Constantinople and distin guished himself then by his great aptness und his easy mastery of taeties. He was a prominent figure in the Crimean war. and during the last Cretan eampaign the Sultan made him commander of the Turkish forces on the island. He was like wise head of the nriny during the Serbo-Turkish war. When the big war with Russia came Osman was placed in charge of the Fifth army corps a no he led the troops at tlie buttle of Sealevitz. The Ilussinus beat him hack in that engagement, and then Osman retired to Plevna and intrenched himself. For four months ho belli this position unmoved, and on Dee. 10, 1887, he surrendered with his army of 43.000 men. Sniee his fighting days he lias served his emperor in many useful capacities. He had tlie portfolio of war several times, and in 1804 was made grand marshal of tin imperial palace. 1 I : | ; __are LIKE THE NESTS OF EAGLES. Monasteries Perched on the Summits of Lofty Crue». It would stHMii ns If height nnd Iso lation were liest adapted to the spirit ual life In Greece, Judging by the il lustration, allowing where Greek monks have lived and prayed for cen turies. Toward tlie etui of the historic western plain of Thessaly, and be tween the Macedonian frontier and the town of Knlabnka. are located the mon asteries of Metevra. In a sort of am phitheater among the mountains are many peculiar formations of rocks, va rying in height and appearance. Many of them have deep fissures and weird appearance. On the summit of many OIIF.K.K MO.VASTKUIKS OX LOFTY CRAGS. of these sentinels of the plain are lo cated monasteries, where the pious monks of olden days sang their iunt ins nnd told their beads, free from nil worldly distractions nnd temptations. The Monastery of All Saints, popularly known as Ilugios Barlaam, crowned one of these litige rocks and wns one of the lnrgest of tliat kind of aerial of the lnrgest abode. In another group of high and Jagged rocks are located other monas tori(*s, such as that of Kt. Nicholas, shown to the right. In the accompany ing illustration. Tlie leading feature in connection with these strange nltodes Is their means of npproach. They are reached either l>y loose rope ladders hanging outside the perpendicular rocks or by being wound up by means of a windlass lu a net at the end of a rope. The Monastery of All Saints has the most teautiful position of ail others and is the test preserved and largest. What makes It more attract ive than any other is that It has the longest rope used for the purpose of ascent or descent. This rope Is 340 ft>et long. The ladders to this monas : tery are not so difficult to climb as some, but, inasmuch as they pull out very time you grip them and swing | frightfully. It Is much pleasanter nnd s nf P r to ascend in the net. The Monns Jpr y Q f Nicholas, as shown In the p| c ^ ure> | s almost totally dilapidated an( j desecrated, while the ladders, w i,ich are seen In the picture rising f roni a neighboring peak aud hanging f rom tlie bare rock, are impracticable. All these monasteries are under the control of what is styled the Arcbl niandrite, a man of saintly look and commanding presence. The village of Knstraki Is in between the outer rocks 0 f tip* peculiar amphitheater among (| 1P hills, nnd in the silt of this rocky waU at ,|,e |, a <k of the village stands a lnos t peculiar monolith. The rocks ' on cither side are perforated with I Rtrnnjfe holes , whk . h m the fourteenth century were Inhabited by the monks Antiinnv of St. Anthony Unnecessary Noise. This is a noisy world. All nature's operations are accompanied by more or less noise, so that even In "the quiet country" uninterrupted silence seldom | reign*. In the city the din la almost I Insupportable; It has Increased very much during the last lielf century be cause of the vast amount of machinery employed, aud the use of electric and steam power. Now night brings the city no respite, nml how much of the nervousness and Insomnia of tlie pres ent decade Is due to this Increase of , , . noise might be an Interesting subject for the study of sanitarians. Human it y adjusts Itself usually to all neees eary noises, and even becomes so ac. customed to certain sounds that many cannot sleep when the noise ceases. The noise which is most disturbing Is that heard close at hand and unusual. A few nights of sleeplessness a short time ago led me to think the slamming ! of doors with creaking hinges, the rat tling of blinds, crenkiug shoes, with noisy, heavy walking, were the most distracting and nnuoyiug noises. Next to this Is loud conversation and whis pering. The inventor of a noiseless shoe, and elastic door casings, which will enable people to shut or slain doors hard yet without noise, will con fer a great boon upon nervous human ity. In the meantime, all persons, em pecially nt night, should wear felt or cork-soled or other soft slippers. All doors nnd locks should he kept well oiled, and every one should try to cul tivate the art of shutting doors as noise lessly ns possible. ARROW IN A DEER'S RIB. Found Near Sandwich, III., and la a Unique Indian Kelle, Mr. Herbert W. Fay, of DeKnlb, 111., will present to the new Illinois State Normal School a unique relic which will be highly appreciated. It Is the rib of a deer, which lias teen punctured by an arrowhead. Tlie rib was found 'S TIIK ARHOW IS THU Rill. on a farm near Sandwich, III., by Mr« Levi B. Erwin, who recently disposed of it to Mr. Kay. The rib is eleven inches long and was fourni with the arrowhead sticking in it as shown In the picture. A Deadly Vocation. A few years' work In the manufac ture of white lead suffices to effect a hideous disfigurement. In this indus try It Is Inevitable that, sooner or later, tlie workers must succumb to lead l*ii soniug, and there would appear to be no part of the body tiint tlie ikiIsouous fumes and floating particles which per meate the atmosphere of the workshops do not affect. The complexion tnkes on a * haK,1 >- eorpse-llke pallor, the ' KU,n * turn blue, the teeth decay rapidly I au< ^ fe** out ' ,be eyelids are hideously Inflamed. A scratch or an abrasion of I'"* * kia beoom, ' H an unhealable sore, Later on. when nerves and muscles be come affected by the poison in the blood, the eyeballs are drawn Into oblique positions, and take on a dira and bleared appearance. The Joints, especially the knee and the wrist, te | come semi-paralyzed, and the whole I form la gradually bent and contorted. m The marriage rate in England and Wales last year was the lowest on rec ord. The head of every Chinese mnle In faut Is shaved when he is about a month old. The New York police commissioners are considering the question of cheaper uniforms for the patrolmen. The fire loss in the United States for seven months of 189Ö was $75,582,(100, I against $77,020,200 in 1804 and $98, : 101,300 in 1803. Beports from Labrador say that the fishery this season is the test on rec | ord, many unprecedented catches hav ; lug been made. Tlie midwinter fair nt Sau Francisco was u memorable event for the city nnd left profit enough to erect a public museum In one of the parks. The German army Is to spend 100, 000 marks for lileyelcs tills year. Two wheels are assigned to each battalion for work formerly done by mounted or derlies. The murder percentage of Great Brit ain is comparatively small, with the ex ception of London nnd Ireland, and personal safety in England aud Scot land is commendable on all sides. The Emperor of Germany lias no use for the people of this country. The story goes that in n letter to one of the English nobllily about the Kiel fete he wrote: "There will be no Americana present ;--them nil!" Eastport, Maine, has a genuine new woman, but of n type not likely to be come fashionable. She regularly doe« a man's work on a woodpile, handling the bucksaw and ax with all the skill ol' the hardiest male exiH>rt. A property owner in St. Gall, Switzer land, lias posted In all the kitchens of his houses a notice that "the use of coal oil In starting kitchen fires Is strie 1 ' ly prohibited, under a fine of 5 to 50 francs, one-half to go to the informer." Navy officials complain that It Is burd work to get the test seamen nowaday« for the reason that the private yachts able to command their services And yet the 1'ntteil States navy pays p* enlisted men better than any other nation on earth. A man was arrested in New York the other day for wearing women's doth lng. He says lie is 21 years old, and with the exception of a brief period never wore anything else than women's garb. Then, he claims, he was arrest w , UH a WOIUlln masquerading at , , than P nbllc n,pn lu the H,tt "* mau. The youngest member of the new British parliament Is 25 years old and tlu> oldest is 03. These figures may be said to murk the limits of the age of public men lu Great Britain. As a rule they begin earlier and they live longer In Ills address before the British Med leal Association's congress, Henry Morris said that the nnatoiny of the brain and nervous system had been al most wholly rewritten during the past ten years, all because of the new data established by modern scientific Inves tigation. A pear grower In Blaekshear has made elder from tils pear crop with good results. The elder is sweet aud has a very good flavor. If It is allowed to ferment, hard elder results, which resembles Rhine wine to some degree. An excellent vinegar can also be made from pear elder. Monsoons are periodical winds which sweep the northern part of the Indian changing their direction after their hard-luck stories, hut. on the eon trary. form a merry company, and en deavor for that t.aie to forget tbeli ocean, changing their direction after tin interval of about six months, and hence tlie term monsoon, tlie Anglicized form of tlie I'erslan mousuui, or tlie Malay tuossin, signifying a season, re ferring to their periodicity. Two newsboys of Syracuse, N. Y„ have been arrested for selling papers in tliat city on Sundays. According to an ordinance framed by an Intelligent member of the board of aldermen, the only persons authorized to sell newspa pers on the first day of the week are licensed venders of milk. Professor Emery E. Smith of Cali fornia lias succeeded in experiments In cross fertilization lu producing an en tirely new violet, highly scented und of great beauty. In size the flower covers au American silver dollar. Its color is a clear violet purple, which does not fade. The fragrance Is very IKiwerful. One of the queerest clubs In the world Is the "Lazy Club" of Vienna it ik said to have a membership of 100 aud there are thousands waiting for admission. No member of this organi zation mu do anything for a living, and tlie slightest suspicion of work tliat rests on a member means his ex pulsion. Au Interesting Illustration of the In diati's clever horsemanship was given by a young buck at Wilbur, Wash, tew days ago. Carrying In his hand an ordinary cup brimful of water, he rode on a eayuse at full gallop the length of tlie main street and returned without spilling so much as a drop of the water. There is a curious society In London called the "Crabbed Club." It is made up of men who have met with a great disappointment in life, and the club meets once a month. At these times the members nre not allowed to repent their woes. The crows had teen stealing the pen of a Monroe, Maine, citizen of lnventlv turn of mind. Tliat gentleman tri< ! every known device to no avail. He then as a Inst resort placed a chicken coop among those pea vinaa and In the coop pot • roooter. The next when the crows called that rooater stuck his bead out and crowed loatlly. The crow* have not returned. In the Port Royal mountains, Jamai ca, an interesting nrcbaeloglcal discov ery was recently made of a cave con taining the skeletons of at least twen ty-four of the original Arawaks. When Columbus discovered the island in MM the Arawaks were estimated at a boat 000,000. A century and a half later, on the capture of Jamaica by the English, they had completely disappeared. A New York firm has gone Into a nov el business—namely, the renovation of dross skirts. The badly worn skirt* are thoroughly cleansed, faced and bound with velvet binding, and when pressed looked quite like new, all for the sum of 75 cents. This has proven to lie a Itoon to women who are engag ed In business and have little or no time to do such repairing for them selves. At Gray and Berkeley streets. Barton, stands a big box from which flows free Ice water. The box contains more than a ton of Ice, packed about the colin through which the water flows The tank Is gurmounted with a signboard with the quotation from Tlmon of Ath ens: "Honest water, which ne'er left man 1' the mire." The fountain Is kept going l>y the Young Men's Institute. _ lu the precincts of the cathedral of IllUleshelm there Ih a rose tree said to be more than 1,000 years old. The tree for some years past has given signs of decay, and In order to preserve It sev rai botanists and gardeners were call ed In. The Naslone says they have not only succeeded In keeping the tree alive, but have made It flourish as It did In the past. They expect soon to see It tearing a rich crop of roses. Mayor Boyd, of Newcastle, Del., baa made an arrangement with the Dela ware Iron works that will either mako workmen of tramps or rid Newcastle of their presence. All tramps who come are offered laboring work In the butt welding department of tlie works at fair wagea. About a doxen have al ready tried the work, but all give It op after tailoring for an hour or two. When they refuse to work they are driven beyond the city limits. It Is shown by an analysis of census figures that more than half the men in twenty-eight of the forty-nine States and Territories are engaged In agri culture, and that farming is the leading pursuit In all of them except Now Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Isl and, Connecticut and New Jersey, where manufacturing and mechanical arts take the lead. There are In tbs United States 0,600,000 men engaged In agriculture to 0,220,000 In other forma of business. Ea :;jr of Digestion. For those with weakened digestiv* IK»wers, honey Is a very desirable food. If a person Is very tired, "too exhaust ed to eat,"' a few tastes of honey will act like magic. Almost no effort la re quired to make It ready for assimila tion. In eating comb honey, many strive to eject every particle of wax. fearing that, ns wax la Indigestible, nightmare and other troublesome con sequences will follow an Indulgence In warm biscuit and lioncy. It la true that bread Is more easily digested than warm biscuit, as the latter Is inellnad to "pack" lu chewing, hut It may sur prise some to know that comb honey Is really au aid to the digestion of hot bread or biscuit. The philosophy of tlie matter Is that the flakes of wax prevent the "packing," while the honey really dissolves out, leaving passages for the gastric Juice to enter the mean of food. The flakes of wax are Indi gestible. that is true, hut when warm ed are perfectly smooth and soft, and will not Injure the most delicate mem brane. The unpleasant symptoma from which some suffer after eating honey may orten be removed by drinking n little uillk. In Surgery. Triumphs In Surgery. Clemming of the wound Itself was al most a surgical heresy a fow years ago. says tlie Forum. Fouled bandage* were the rule; and the thicker and more abundant the discharges the more •laudable" they were considered to be. Hence In the older works on surgery the so-called "laudable" pus was as much a sign of safety as It Is now of danger. Cleanliness of Instruments, now a prime considération, was then entirely Ignored. Oftentimes tlie some Instruments would be used at differ ent times upon the dead as well as the living body; and a celebrated operator of that day was accustomed to bold hi* knife between his teeth when hi* hands were temporarily employed In the wound. If a cut healed rapidly it was a rarity sufficiently great to court comment. Now the exact opposite is the fact. The former result was rather nn accident of cleanliness than the de liberate acknowledgment of what should have been the rule. Consequent ly the most cureful surgeons—those who possessed Instinctive habits of neatness and cleanliness—were the most successful. Pins. "Mlstah Bowen, what do 'plus* mean?" asked the old man. "Plus? Why, It means something additional." "Guess I'll hab toe stan' It, den. Dat dali l'shman dat sole me dis mule say he kin go a mile In two-thutty-sebten plus, an' I too much stuck up to 'spose my Igu'anee tefo* au I'shtuan toe ast him what dat •plus' mean."—Indianap olis Journal. Mary'« Hyatenu Mistress—Why, Mary, you have dnted your letter a week ahead. Maid—Yis'm; It will takeover a week for It to get to me mother, and ahe wouldn't care to be reading old new*.— Boston Transcript. Sin Is a detective that never gives u p the chase.