gow THEY SUNK MERRIMAC.
|U the Pace o( ** ,e Gun» on the S|mn
|a h Battery Opiiunlte Murr» lau
Hr, in the Harbor of Suntlnao He
Cuba—The Story In Full,
dll Santiago de Cuba, June 3.- The
Meirinuie laid on board ÜOU tons of coal
when she " as scuttled across the chan
Lieutenant Hobson started on his dar
in,- errand at 3 o'clock this morning. The
jlerriinac was lying to the westward.
Tinier cover of the clouds over the moon
6 (ie stole toward the coast, made her way
tu the eastward, followed by a launch
f rum the New York with the following
cre w on board: Naval Cadet J. W. l'ow
elt of Oswego, N. Y.; P. K. Peterson,
eoxwain; H. Haldford, apprentice of Ihe
fjt>t class; J. Mullings, coal passer; G.
L, Kussell, machinist of the second class.
In the launch were bandages and appli
ances for the wounded.
Ilulterleu Turned Loose,
prom the crowded decks of the New
York nothing could be seen of the Mer
jimac after site hud got under the shad
ows of the hills. For half an hour of
Hcers and men strained their eyes peering
into the gloom when suddenly, the Hash
of a gun streamed out from Mono castle
and then the New York knew the Mcr
rimac was nearing her end.
The guns from the Spanish battery
opposite Morro castle answered quickly
with more Hashes and for about 20 min
utes flashes of tire scented to leap across
the harbor entrance. The flagship was
far away to hear the reports and
.•n the filing ceased it was judged that [
llobsun had blown up the Merriinae. For
au hour the un.xious watchers waited for
daylight. Hear Admiral Sampson and
Captain Chadwick were on me bridge of
the New York throughout.
At 5 o'clock thin streams of smoke were
seen against the western shore quite close
to the Spanish batteries and strong glass
es made out the launch of the New York
returning to the flagship. Scarcely had
the small craft been sighted before a
puff of smoke issued from a battery on
the western arm of the harbor and a shot
plunged far over the launch. Then for
15 minutes the big guns on the eoast kept
up an irregular tire on the little launcu.
Had Hone I'niler «lie «un».
At 0:15 a. m. the launch came along
side the flagship but she did not have on
hoard any of the crew of the Merriniae.
Cadet l'owell reported that he had been
unable to see any sign of the Merriinae s
crew. It developed that with great brav
ely the crew had gone right under the
batteries and only returned when hope
of taking on board the crew of the Mer
rimae had to be abandoned.
Cadet Powell also reported he had
clearly seen the Merrimac's mast sticking
up just where Hobson hoped to sink her,
north of the Estrella battery and well
past the guns of Morro castle.
lint of the heroes who had penned the
Spaniards in there was not a sound or a
sign. Rear Admiral Sampson said: ''I
am pretty sure the attempt was quite suc
cessful. I hope all those brave fellows
are not captured."
Cadet Powell believed the torpedoes
previously fixed aboard the Merrimac
were exploded as planned, as Lieutenant
Hobson was well up the harbor before the
Spaniards opened fire on the Merrimac.
How Holtsuu Sunk Ihe Merrimac.
AY hat actually happened on the Merri
mac can best be judged from what Lieu
tenant Hobson said just before leaving
He said: "I shall go right into the
harbor until about 400 yards ]>a.st the
Estrella battery, which is behind Mono
castle. 1 do not think they can sink us
before l reach somewhere near that point,
The Merrimac has
shall keep her full speed ahead. She can
make about 10 knots.
"When the narrowest part of the chan
nel is reached 1 shall put her helm hard
aport stop her engines, drop the anchors,
open the sea connections, touch off the
torpedoes nnd leave the Merrimac a
wreck lying athwart the channel, which
is not as broad as the Merrimac is long.
There are 10 8-incli improvised torpedoes
below the water line on the Merrimac s
port side. They are placed on her side
against the bulkheads nnd vital spots,
connected with each other by a wire un
der the ship's keel. Each torpedo con
tains 82 pounds of gunpowder. Each tor
pedo is also eon ms-ted with the bridge
and they should do their work in a min
ute and it will be quick work even if
done in a minute and a quarter.
"rin deck there will be four men and
myself. ]n the engine room there w ill be
two other men. This is a total crew and
all of us will be in our underclothing,
with revolvers and ammunition in water
tight packing strapped around our waists.
Forward there will be a man on deck and
around his waist, will lie a line, the other
end of the line being made fast to the
Fridge on whieh I*will stand. By flint
mans side will he an ax. When I stop
the engine I will jerk the cord and will
thus give the signal to cut the lashing
which will cut the forward anchor. He
wdl then jump overbonrd and swim to the
'•"r oared dingy which we shall tow
The dingy Is full of life buoys
unsinkable. In it are rifles. It i«
000 buovanev und I j
to I*, )),,](i jjy two ropes one made fast
« her how and one at her stern. The
ri- t man to reach her will haul in the
line and pull the dingy out to slar
, ar 'h The next to leave the
■P are the rest of the crew. The
quartermaster at the wheel will not leave
l' n , 1 "fter putting it hard aport and
s ed it so. he will then jump overboard
"IWn Mow the man at the reversing
■*"] "top the engines, scramble upon
w x and no* — a. ..._____•
and get over the side as quieklv as
ÏÂ. *"<*» i" the engine i^nm
* sledg e hammer and will follow his lead
er into the water. This lnd stop insures
the sinking of the Merriinae whether the
torpedoes work or not.
Then Touch (lie Hutton.
"By this time 1 caleulate the six men
"'ll be in the dingy, and the Merriinae
will have swung athwart the channel to
the full length of her 300 yards of cable,
Whieh will be paid out before the anchors
are eut loose. Then it is mv time to
touch the button. 1 shall stand on the
starboard side of the bridge. The ex
plosion will throw the Merriinae on her
staiTsiard side. Nothing on this side of
New York city w ill be able to raise lier
"And you expect to come out of this
alive ?" asked a companion of the lieu
.Never ThouKht of the Kink.
"Ah: that is another thing," said the
lieutenant. He was so interested in the
mechanical details of the scheme that he
scarcely stopped to talk of possible death.
In reply to frequent questions, Hobson
"1 suppose the Estrella battery will
fire dow n on us a bit, but the ships will
throw their searchlights in the gunners'
faces and they won't see much of us.
Then, if we are torpedoed, we should even
then he able to make the desired position
in the channel. It won't he easy to hit
us, and 1 think the men should be able
to sw im to the dingy. 1 may jump before
1 am blown up. Hut I don't see that it
makes much difference what I do. 1 have
a fair chance of life either way. If our
dingy gets shot to pieces we shall then
try to swim for the beach right under
Morro castle. We sliall keep together
at all hazards. Then we may be able
to get back to the ship. We sliall fight
the sentries or a squad until the Tust,
and we shall only surrender to over
whelming numbers, and our surrender
only take place as a last and as a
must uncontemplated emergency."
Lieutenant Hobson might have been
lecturing to a class of cadets on the the
ory of how to build ships so deliberate
was his manner. He was lately at Annap
olis, in charge of the post-graduate course
in naval construction, and is accounted
one of the most able naval constructors in
the service, being entirely wrapped up in
The preliminary work of this desperate
undertaking was a strain upon the of
ficers and men. On Wednesday morning,
directly after Rear Admiral Sampson ar
rival and as soon as lie was certain the
Spanish fleet was in the harbor, the prep
arations to scuttle the Merrimac in the
channel were commenced. All day long
crews from the New York and Brooklyn
were on board the collier, never resting
in their efforts to prepare her. She lay
alongside the Massachusetts discharging
coal w hen the work was first begun. The
news of the intended expedition traveled
quickly through the fleet, and it soon
became known that volunteers were
needed for a desperate undertaking.
Volunteers l»> Hundred».
From the Iowa's signal yard quickly
fluttered the announcement that she had
HO volunteers, and the other ships were
not far behind. On the New York the
enthusiasm w as intense. Over 2Ö0 mem
bers of the crew volunteered to go into
that narrow harbor and face death. The
junior officers literally jumped over each
other in their eagerness to get their
names on the volunteer list.
Commander Miller, who had charge of
the Merrimac, pleaded with the admiral
to let him go, but the latter thought he
had better not. When it was learned
that only six men and Lieutenant Hobson
wer to "go there was considerable disap
pointment on all sides and when the New
York's contingent went over the side lat
er on Wednesday night some of those
who were left were almost ready, brave
and strong as they were, to sit down and
All Wednesday night the crews worked
aboard the Merrimac which then lay close
to the New York, and the other shi]« as
they passed the collier before sundown
cheered her with the same spirit that
j the British man of warsman cheered the
■ " heroism at Samoa.
Lieutenant Hobson paid a short visit to
the flagship shortly before midnight and
then returned to the Merrimac on board
of which craft he had been all day. As
he started down the sea ladder there were
many hands stretched out to grasp his
and many quiet spoken earnest wishes for
his success. It was thought then Hob
son would take the Merrimac in early in
At 3 o'clock the admiral and Flag Lieu
tenant Staunton got into the launch to
make an inspection of the Merrimac. The
working gangs were still on board of her
and on hoard the New York the officers
of the flagship stood on the quarter deck,
their glasses focussed on the big black
hull that was to form an impassable ob
struction for Spain's liest ships.
The minutes slipped by, the crews had
not completed their work on the Merri
mae, but. at last, n boatload of men, black
and tired nut. came over to the flagship.
Hist of all at 4:30 o'clock came the ad
miral. TTe had been delayed by a break
down of the steam launch.
Flr»l Attempt—Called Hack.
Dawn was breaking over Santiago de
Cuba und nearly everybody thought it
late for the attempt to be made
that morning. Then somebody cried:
"She is going in!"
Surely enough, the seemingly deserted
collier was seen heading straight for Mor
ro castle. The torpedo boat Porter was
Icing in near the flagship and Admiral
Sampson's orderly, Lieutenant Staunton,
snatched up the megaphone anil hailed
the Porter, saying: "Porter, there; tell
the Merriniae to return immediately."
Smoke was pouring from the. Porter's
smokestacks and the dark little craft
darted toward the shore. By that time
darkness had quite disappeared and
uuicklv as the fast torpedo boat tore |
* . . . : i. „„J no if elm
,'h the water it seemed as if she
would never head off the Merrimac
At last, « hen under the range of
when under the range of the
; Spaniards the 1 orter crciss^l the MetTi
' "«e's hows and a «gh
from the eager waU-he, for thought
" ,1 " ath for H ° b ^ '
Vhat it was sure death for Hobson to
venture in at that hour. Sometime after
•> o clock the Porter came tearing back
and the Merrimac to every one's surprise,
kept lier position. Admiral Sampson,
t aptain ( hudwick and Lieutenant Staun
ton could not understand until Lieuten
ant Fremont from the deck of the torpedo
boat shouted: ''Lieutenant Hobson asks
permission to continue on his course. He
thinks he can make it."
But in stern tones the admiral sent
Hobson a message to the effect that the
Merrimac must return at once and in
due course of time the doomed collier
slowly steamed luick, her commander ev
idently disappointed with the order re
ceived from the admiral thrmjgh the com
mander of the Porter, Hobson's figure
standing out vividly on the lonely bridge
of the Merrimac.
All day yesterday the collier lay near
the flagship and more elaborate prepara
tions were made to carry out the mission
of the Merrimac successfully. During
these preparations Hobson was tireless,
cool and confident, supervising personally
every little detail. When finally Hobson
went on board the Merrimac last night
he had been without sleep since Wednes
day morning. His uniform was begrim
ed, his hands were black and he looked
like a man who hud been hard at work
in an engine room for a long lime.
As he said good bye, the lieutenant
remarked that his only regret was that
all of the New Y'ork's volunteers could
not go with him.
Two Men Who Dl»obe>ed Order».
When the Merrimuc started yesterday
morning on• the trip for which she was
recalled she had on board of lier two
men who had no right to be there.
They were Assistant Engineer Crank of
the Merrimac and Boatswain Muliin of
the New York, who hud been working
on the collier all day. These two men
refused to leave the ship and as their dis
obedience was of the nature which pro
duced the Cushings and Furraguts of the
American navy it was not officially rec
The spirit shown by the men and offic
ers of tfie fleet in connection with the
Merrimac expedition is really grand and
beyond being merely expressed in words.
Under these circumstances one can im
agine the immense feeling of satisfaction
experienced when it became known that
Hobson and the crew of the Merrimac
New» of Their Safety.
Later in the day a boat with a white
flag put out from the harbor and Cap
tain Oviedo the chief of staff of Admiral
Cervera, boarded the New York and in
formed the admiral that the whole of the
party had ben captured and that only
two of them had been injured. Lieutenant
Hobson had not been injured.
It appears that the Spanish admiral
was so struck with the courage of the
Merrimac's crew that he decided to in
form Admiral Sampson that they had
not lost their lives but were prisoners of
war and could be exchanged. The dingy
portion of the program does not appear
to have been carried out which leads to
the belief that she may have been smash
ed by a shot, for Hobson's men drifted
ashore on an old catamaran which hail
been slung over the Merrimac's side at the
last moment as an extra precaution. They
were captured and sent to Santiago under
guard previous to being transferred to
Monro castle, where they are now under
stood to be confined.
IS SENT TO CONFERENCE.
l>('(*l(l<'N to Kon-Concur
War Revenue Hill.
Washington, June ti. — The center of
legislative interest was in the house to
day, owing to the return of the revenue
bill from, the senate for house action. It
was generally understood a majority of
the members proposed to adopt a rule
providing for the udoption of the résolu
lion of general non-concurrence in the
senate amendments and agreeing to the
conference asked by the senate on Satur
The democrats desiring to vote sepa
rately upon the senate amendments, not
ably the seigniorage provision, came pre
pared to accept defeat at the hands of the
majority, hut determined to enter their
protest and put on record their position.
An unusually large attendance was in evi
Representative Hartman of Montana
introduced a joint resolution directing the
secretary of the navy to have prepared
and delivered suitable medals of honor to
Lieutenant Hoi won and each member of
his crew for gallant, heroic and patriotic
services rendered the United States at
Santiago harbor on June 3, 1808. It ap
propriates $.500 for the purpose.
The house, on a rising vote, decided to
non concur and send the war revenue hill
to conference. The house conferees ap
pointed are Dinglev, Payne anu Bailey.
Washington, June (i.—The conferees on
the war revenue bill met in the room of
the senate committee on finance at 3
o'clock. The senate conferee's express con
fidence that the conference will be con
cluded la-fore the end of the week.
Sad New« for «rldley Family.
Eric. Pa., June C.—List night the fam
ily of Captain Gridley, residing here, was
notified by the navy department of the
death of their husband and father in Ja
pan as a result of the battle at Manila.
Captain Gridley has two daughters and a
son. Mrs. Gridley was in the midst of
preparations to go to San Francisco to
meet her husband and accompany him
across the continent to his home.
Captured by Cuban Troop».
Washington. June fl.—Tile navy depart
ment says reports have been received that
the insurgents have won several victories
| over the Spanish in Santiago province and
Im V(* tilL'on t (ifVicpra iiml 1 unft mon nxia.
have taken 50 officers and 1800 men pris
Sampson is arranging with Cervera for
Hobson and party to be exchanged.
Four-fifths of the people in London nev
er enter a place of worship.
WE OVER THE WORLD
NEWS ITEMS FROM ALL FARTS.
lloNlneRi Pointer«— Personal Kotes—
Curious F«vU—Revurd of Crimea
and Casualtiea—l*rovreaa of Manu*
factories— Rellflou» Kotes.
The government has expended $1,000,
00t) for army mules.
E. AY. Knight, correspondent of the Lon
don Times, has reached Havana.
A son of Brigham Young, the great
Mormon prophet, has failed for $1,009,
Mrs. Betsy Barker, of North Grafton,
Miss., has just celebrated her loOth birth
Days of grace, customary in banking
methods, have been abolished in Rhode
In broad daylight, at Dover, N. II.,
trumps boldly walked into a livery stable
and stole a horse.
lit all the seaeoast cities there is great
demand for insurance against loss by
All the large breweries in Cleveland, O.,
except two, are to be consolidated into
Forty Knipp guns have been smuggled
from Germany through France into Spain
as kitchen furniture.
Count Eugene A. Van Waldick, of Hol
land, has enlisted in the United States
army at Cleveland, Ohio.
The government has accepted the offer
of a battery by John Jacob Astor, of New
York. It will be equipped for tnountuin
Shocked by the undraped figures in the
statuary hall of the Omaha exposition
Miss Dorothy Manar took an ax and
chopped a number of groups to pieces.
Of the 18.000.000 population of Spain
about 12,000,000 can not read or write,
8.700,000 have no visible means of sup
port, and more than 91,000 are profes
The number of foreigners in Japan is
only 8240, of which 3042 are Chinese,
1878 English, 1022 Americans, 493 Ger
mans. 391 French, 222 Russians, 127 Port
uguese and 80 Dutch.
Horse meat lias become a staple article
of food in Manila. None but the wealthy
can afford to buy beef, which now sells
for $2 per pound. Potatoes are sold by
weight, at 50 cents a pound.
The widow of George M. Pullman, the
Chicago millionaire ear builder, has re
noueed the will of her husband and ac
cepted her dower right, which enables her
to provide for her sons.
The French government has issued nn
official denial of the rumors of the occu
pation, cession or sale of any Spanish
territory to France. Cuba and the Phil
ippines were mentioned in the rumor.
Senor de Castro, at Tampa, Fla., just
from Matanzas, says that if the United
States does not aid the Gillian rocon
eentrados within three weeks nearly all
of them will die of starvation.
The rainy season is just beginning in
Tampa, Fla., is now seeure against hos
France and the United States have
signed a reciprocity trade agreement.
The black plague is making frightful
headway at Hong Kong, China.
The production of California sweet
vines from August 1 to May 1 was 7,000,
Train loads of walnut logs are constant
ly arriving at Philadelphia for shipment
Governor Loedy of Kansas has refused
to commission Jerry Simpson to raise a
regiment of volunteers.
The Hamburg-Ameriean steamer Bra
silia is loading at Baltimore 300,000 bush
els of grain for Germany.
Guadaur and R. M. Johnson will row
for the world's sculling championship at
Vancouver harbor July 1.
The three Spanish spies who attempted
to blow up Fort Taylor, at Key West, es
caped to sea in a small boat.
AA'evler is represented as being anxious
to go to Cuba, and if sent he declares he
will invade the United States.
At the suggestion of General Wheeler,
the cavalry which will invade Cuba will
lie provided w ith Gatling guns.
A list of Spanish spies in the United
States has been secured by United States l
secret service detectives at Montreal.
The Philadelphia common council has
passed a bill appropriating $11,200.000 for
new city buildings nnd improvements.
The postoffice department will allow
natural history specimens to pass through
the mails as "samples of merchandise."
It is reported that United States Am
bassador White is much pleased at evi
. , . . , , ... . ,
tellers of strict neutrality on the part of
I .ci many.
William Meehan, a pioneer gold hunier
on the Yukon river, was shot from am- j
bush by Indians near Skaguav, Alaska, j
and instantly killed.
Senator Lodge of Massachusetts has in
troduced in the senate a bill for the an
nexation of Hawaii, as an amendment to j
the war revenue bill.
The postal clerk force at Chickamauga
Bark has been increased and is now equal j
„ ,, „ , .
Senor Uastelar advises Spain to be rec
onciled to isolation by being compelled to j
fight unaided, but adds that "the Y'ankecs j
that required by a community of 28Ö,
000 population in other places.
Fire destroyed nearly $400.000 worth
of property in the best business portion of
Dallas, Tex., Friday, and J. Walter Cow
an, a eollector, was burned to death.
•an blockade our ishunls, but not our Uon
The United States hospital relief ship, j
now undergoing transformation at the
Brooklyn navy yard, will, when finished,
la? the first boat of the kind ever put
General Hoy Stone, of the division of
highways of the agricultural department
at Washington, has been detailed to man
age the construction of roads for our army
Bids have been invited for the construc
tion of three battleships, authorized in
the last naval bill. The plans call for the
most powerful vessels of their type yet
constructed in this country.
The general deficiency appropriation
bill, to be passed at this session of con
gress, will carry the largest appropriation
of any deficiency bill for years, if not in'
the history of the government. It will
amount to at least $200,(XXI,000, and prob
Representative Aehison of Rennsylva
niu has introduced in the house a bill in
creasing the pay of enlisted men who in
time of war serve outside the territorial
limits of the United States 100 per cent of
the rate as fixed by law during the period
of such service.
Senator Quay of Pennsylvania 1ms in
troduced in the senate a bill providing
that the pensions of all soldiers who
served in the war between the states
which have been cut down shall be re
stored nnd declaring that no pension to a
soldier shall be less than $12 a month.
Speaking of the wonderful accuracy of
the gunners on our warships, Captain
Higginson of the battleship Massachusetts
recently stated that "the Indiana put a
shell from her 13-inch gun through a tar
get 2(XX) yards distant and then put a
second shell through the same hole.
Our great battleship Oregon traveled
front Puget sound to Key West, 17,492
miles, without break or accident. She
steamed 4tXX) miles, from San Francisco
to Callao, in 1(1 days without once stop
ping her engines. No other battleship
ever steamed so far continuously.
The house of representatives has passed
the senate resolution authorizing the sec
retary of the navy to present a sword of
honor to Admiral Dewey, and cause to be
struck bronze medals commemorating the
battle of Manila bay for distribution to
the olfieers and ineti of our Asiatic squad
RAT WITH A WOODEN LEO.
Philadelphia Bop Pitted Oat
A rat with a wooden leg is a curiosity,
as curiosities go nowadays. Yet such an
animal can be seen any day at the resi
dneee of a man named Dugtnoro, in the
southwestern section of the city, says the
Philadelphia Times. About a month ago
Willie Duginore, a lad of 12 years, found
the little rodent in a trap in the eellar.
llis first impulse was to brain the pest
with a baseliall bat, but the rat looked at
him so pleadingly that Willie's heart was
touched, and lie decided to take the trap
to an adjoining vacant lot and liberate
the animal. This he did, but instead of
scampering off, as he expected, the rat
limped painfully up to him and begun to
lick his hand. AVillie then discovered that
one of t lie animal's legs hud been almost
severed by the trap.
Taking the rat home, he cut the leg off
and then bandaged the wound, using as
a liniment a little vaseline. He then put
the rat into a eage and nursed it for a
week. He then removed the bandage and
found that the wound had completely
healed. The rate was, however, unable to
walk, and Willie decided he would make
for it an artificial leg. Going down to the
cellar, lie obtained a piece of pine, and
after some whittling succeeded in making
a leg. This he fastened on with a string,
and was delighted to see that his plan
was entirely successful. The rat is now the
family pet and can lie seen any day hob
bling about the kitchen or teasing a little
Irish terrier, of which it lias made a life
FLYING THE ENEMY'S FLAG.
When This Deceit, Permissible
War, Must Be Abandoned.
The honorable Dons are highly indig
nant over the alleged flying of the Span
ish flag by some of the American war
ships in Uubun waters, says the Indian
apolis Journal. There is no occasion for
exploiting Spanish honor or morality. The
use of the enemy's flag is permissible in
war w ithin certain Imitations. According
to one writer, quoted in a Washington
dispatch: "The regulations of the United
States navy state that the use of a for
cign fiug to deceive an enemy is permissi
but that it must be hauled down lie
fore a gun is fired, and under no circum
stances is an action to be commenced or
an engagement fought without the dis
l ,la >' of the national ensign."
Ynother authority says: "It is forbid
den in war on land to make use of the
enemy's (lag for purpose of deceit. On
the sea the national flag of a public armed
vessel must be displayed before an en
gagement begins or a capture is made."
This implies that the enemy's flag may be
used for purposes of deceit up to the time
of firing, when the ship's own colors must
, be displayed. The use of the enemy's flag
'i'j • , ,,
I to mislead is no w orse than the disscmma
, tion of false dispatches, which the Spun
i iarils have practiced very freely.
BEST DRAUGHTSMAN OF ALL.
Sit» In a Corner, Say» Nothin«, bat
Doc» HI» Work Well.
The slickest draughtsman In our office
at this kind of work is a little, dark com
j plexloned fellow who sits In a corner and
says never a word, says the American
Machinist. He has a glosa eye and throe
wooden legs. His name Is "Camera." He
takes hta cap oft at a drawing for only
a minute, and says to the foremen:
have made a more accurate copy than
any tracer In the offloe could have done;
. every line Is exact, every circle Is true,
and all your figures are correctly copied
j If you are using your drawing for oon
j 8tant reference I will only delay you
moment, and your copy will be ready for
printing In an hour." To any Intelligent
man such an appeal will not pass wlth
j out a careful examination."
Had Pet Simien.
T»a<ty Poynter, the wife of th^ president of
the Royal Academy, is one of the most beauti
ful women in I/ondon. She and h^r slater,
l-*ady Burne-Jones, are the daughters of a cocoa
manufacturer, and were In their girlhood nick
named "Grateful" and "Comforting."
The largest proportion of single persons is
Ireland an«l Scotland, and the smallest In the
United States. In Ireland 67 per cent, in Scot
land 65 per cent, but In the United States onl>
59 per cent are in that condition.
DARING ACT OF AMEBICAIB.
fader Orders of Adaslral Si
Klalit Men Took the Vessel late
the Entrance of lastlafs Harhor
nnd Exploded Her—Are Admiral
Washington, June 4.—The navy depart*
ment has posted the following bulletin:
"The navy department at 3 o'clock re
ceived the following dispatch:
" 'Mole, Haiti, June 4.—We succeeded
in sinking the Merrimac in the channel
at Santiago at 4 p. in., June 3. This was
curried out under the command of Naval
Constructor Hobson and seven men.
" 'By a flag of truce from Spanish Ad
miral Cervera sent in recognition of their
bravery, 1 am informed all are priaoners
of wur, two being slightly wounded. I
request authority to approve an exchange,
if possible, between these and the prison
ers at Atlanta.
" 'Six of the Spanish squadron are in
the harbor of Santiago, and unabla to
uvoid being raptured or destroyed.
How It WM Doe*.
On Board Associated l'ress Dispatch
Boat Dauntless, off Santiago, June 3, via
Kingston, June.—Rear Admiral Sampson
during Friday morning decided to close
the narrow harbor entrance to Santiago
by sinking the collier Merrimac loaded
with coal, in the channel.
lie called for volunteers to go to al
most certain death and 4000 men offered
themselves. Lieutenant Hobson and six
men were chosen, and at 4 a. m. Friday
the Merrimac, under her own steam, en
tered the channel under a terrible Spanish
The vessel was riddled with projectiles,
but she anchored and swung around.
Lieutenant Hobson then set off an in
ternal torpedo with electric attachment.
There was an explosion, the Merrimao
sank, the channel was closed and appar
ently Cervera will be unable to escape.
Crew Wm Saved.
Kingston, Jamaica, June 4.—Lieuten
ant Hobson and the hero crew of the Her
rimau were saved in the following man
Unable after the sinking of their vcsm!
to make their way back through the
storm of shot and shell they rowed into
the harbor of the Spanish flagship and
were taken on board unharmed. The
Spanish admiral, under a flag of truce,
on Friday, sent word to the American
admiral that he offered to exchange tha
prisoners, adding that, in the meanwhile,
Hobson and his party would be treated
with the greatest kindness.
Washington, June 4.—The only Hobson
in the list of officers of the naval register
is Richmond P. Hobson, naval constructor
who is lieutenant of the junior grade.
He was appointed as assistant naval con
structor in 1891. He entered the navy
Spaniard» Clear the Chaaael.
Port au Prince, June 4. —Further news
received from Santiago confirm« the re
ports that a bombardment of that place
liegan at 3 o'clock yesterday morning.
After the action the Spaniards blew up
with dynamite the sunken collier, Merri
mac, and have since been at work clear
ing the channel so as to, in all probability
permit Admiral Cervera to put out to
sea should the Cadiz squadron arrive in
-Cuban waters to relieve the blockaded
In the meanwhile the dispatches from
Santiago say the Spaniards pay tribute
to the audacity of the Americans in so
cleverly attempting to blockade the chan
nel. According to the Spaniards it would
lie foolishness on the part of the Ameri
cans to attempt to force the harbor en
trance which is long and narrow and
thoroughly mined, seemingly forming an
There are great numbers of insurgents
in the vicinity of Santiago waiting for
some decisive action on the part of the
American fleet which will undoubtedly be
the signal for a land attack on the town,
Off Santiago de Cuba, June 3, 5 p. m.
(Per Associated Press boat Wanda, via
Kingston, Jamaica, June 4.)—Tlie last
cable strands binding Cuba to the outside
world were cut this afternoon by a cable
vessel convoyed here by the United Staten
dispatch boat Dolphin.
This black sea crab delved all day along
the eoast, hour by hour, ami its claws at
length brought up the barnacle clustered
cable strands and snapped them and to
night (7ubn is wholly isolated.
The first cable picked up was that run
ning to Kingston. It was found early
this morning. Tlie coast loop connecting
Santiago and Guantanamo was then cut.
Proceeding to Guantanamo the cable ves
sel filially grappled and severed the Ha
ïtien cable. 'Illis ends the cable cutting
operations begun n month ago when the
Marblehead and Windom lost five men
in the fight off Cienfuegoes, where three
cables were crippled nnd several hundred
Spaniards killed by shells from warships.
The strands cut today were the only
ones remaining, except a few coast loops,
and those will probably be severed in X
Zinc Wall Paper.
Zinc wall paper is the latest oddity. The sine
is attached to the wall by a cement Invented
for the purpose, and is made to Imitate mar
ble. The surface is enamelled so as to render
it permanent or washable. It Is claimed for
this new departure in decorative material that
while it is ns permanent as tiles or marble,
it is much cheaper, and can be as easily put on
as ordinary wall paper.
The newest treatment for typhoid fever
is simply pure olive oil given internally.
In England 019 breweries were closed
during the year. Nearly all of these were
small houses of tlie home-brewed class.
Only one out of every 1000 married
couples live to celebrate their golden wed
The bishop of Oxford has been de
nouncing Sunday boating and bicycling.
There are in round numbers 2000 cheese
factories in Canada.
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