Newspaper Page Text
11 EN'BATH his country's starry flaj;. When* thousands stood t*cf.*re. Prepared to tight till life shall tUg And darkness gathers o'er. Garbed in his uniform of blue. Heady to answer "Here:'* A man and soldier through and through. He stands, the volunteer. *Tls not the Joy of clashing arms That calls him to the fray. *Tls not the love of war's alarms That bids him haste away; For him there's ;mln and grief and vroe, A wife- a mother's tear. Rut loud bla duty calls, and lo* He cornea, the voluuteer. O. mighty nation, proud and greats Of gtrength he Is a tower! Behold hliu, warlike and elate. In this, your darkeat hour. For you he lives, for you he'll dis. And sell his life blood dear. And glory's gates will opeu ou high To greet the voluuteer. ••SHOOT ON DOWNWARD ROLL." Thll I, ITncle Hum'* Standing Order to the Navy of the United Stute*. "Shoot on the downward roll." That is the standing order In the navy of the United Statt'«. The American practice, both in the army and navy, has always been to shoot low, and always to save ammunition until it wus possible to use It effectively. In tile navy the tradition to shoot low has crystallized into a standing rule, unwritten Indeed, but none the less religiously observed, and Its wisdom has been proved on more than one occasion of great importance. The precise form of this unwritten naval rule Is to "wait for the down ward roll." This Is the converse of the maxim obtaining In the British navy that It Is best to take advantage of the 'AWfgltArt 3TYLfr* 'J*uggfl»*n 3TYLC* MERITS OK SHOOTING ON "UPWARD" AND "DOWNWARD ROLL." "upward roll," which has been ob served almost from the beginning of navnl fighting by the gunners on En glish ships, and to which much of the power of England's "wooden walls" to defend the island was attributed in the days when England, and not the United States, was at war with Spain. Necessarily the deck of a vessel at sea offers a much less satisfactory plat form from which to shoot than the sol id foundation provided In a land fort, since, even when the ocean Is calmest, the vessel must constantly roll from side to side. Theoretically, the best time to Are would be at the moment between rolls, when the deck of the ship Is perfectly level, nud In a general way It may be snld that au attempt Is made to do tlie shooting at that instant. It Is practically Impossible, however, to Are Invariably when the decks are hori zontal. No matter how careful the gun ner. the piece Is almost always exploded Just before or Just after the proper In stant. It was noted by the sea Aghters In the revolution that projectiles from guns Ared when the ship was heeling from the enemy tn tlie upward roll were hurled higher in tlie air than was Intended, and that well-atmcd shots were thus often sent harmlessly over head. or, at heat, took offect only In the rigging Instead of the bull of the THE NEW STRONO MAN if . Riama enemy, where they would do most dam age. On the other hand. It was ob served that shots tired when the vessel was heeling toward the enemy on the downward roll, though frequently strik ing lower thun was Intended by the marksman, almost Invariably took ef fect A Monkey's Accomplishment. No creature but man has ever made use of Are. An African traveler, In deed, bas told a story of apes making a thieving raid on a camp of naftlves and carrying torches to Light their way, but this story lacks proof and is not ac cepted as true by zoologists. There Is, however. In the Philadel phia zoological garden a monkey who lias learned to scratch matches per fectly well. This accomplishment he Is willing to exhibit on any occasion. He has learned to hold the match by Its middle part, so that his Angers are not burned by being too near the flame, and so that the match will not break by being held too near the other end. This fact Involves another—that he 1« aware which end has the sulphur and does not attempt to scratch the un «iilphured end. He lias furthermore learned that a rough surface Is better to scratch the match on than a smooth one, ami his care In looking for a rough place Is very diverting. Hut with all this Intelligence the monkey has no notion of kludllug an other Are with the one that he has caused by the friction of the match. He simply lets the match burn out, and If he ligluts another does It for the tdeasure of seeing It buru. This monkey's keejicrs ami the men of science who are experimenting with Ills Intelligence ho|»e to communicate to him eventually nu Idea of fire mak ing und using, but from the moment they succeed In doing so—If they ever do succeed—It will l>e necessary to keep matches out of his reach. Mrs. Barton—Wlmt a cold creature that Mrs. Claiutulah Is ! Mrs. Henilng —Yes, hut It's hereditary. Her father made his fortune in the refrigerator business.—Cleveland Leader. "HEMEMBER THE MAINE I' Signal Under Which American Ships Went luto Action at Mauila. A naval message that is destined to I go ringing through the ages with that of Nelson's "England expects that ev ery mnn this day will do his duty," is "Re member the Maine." j It was this admoni tion tliut floated In flags from the mast head of the Olym pliia in Manila Hay on that fateful morn ing of May 2, IS!is. To the landsman 5 Ü conveys but little meaning. To the naval man tlie small signal flags as shown in the pic ture reud front top to bottom, as all naval signals are read, represent the following combina of letters: R, N, Q: Q. K, H; R. G. J. With the aid of tlie code book the com binat Ion of letters spells out the nn tlou's slogan: "Re member the Maine.' There Is always e battle cry of some sort displayed at the mast of the tlugshlf f the commander ol the fleet when s squardron goes Into action. It has beet: the custom ever since the adoption ol marine flag signals for suddenly com nuinlcatlng Intelligence to distant ob Jects at sea. And signals have l*eer employed for many years, their origin being Indeed lost in remote antiquity. During the day flags are used fot signals. The first code used In the United States navy was almost precise ly similar to the code In use about the same time by the British. There were twenty-six flags, one for each letter, and a number of pennants for special and defining systems. There was nc fixed code dictionary, nnd beyond a few general signals each commander made up his own combinations. About 181i: a code dictionary was Issued. A new' code was adopted In 184)1. known the Rogers code. In this nine square flags and tive pennants were used, with a dictionary with 13,407 combinations. Rogers' code was modi fied In 18(11 to a system having twelve square flags aud nine pennants, there being ten numbered flags, three repeat ing pennants and two squnre and six pennants as defining signals. The dic tionary was reduced to contain O.biit signals. In lSi» this system was stil further elaborated by the nddltlou ol eight defining flags nnd pennants. At the same time the signal l>ook was re modeled. Tactical signals were separ ated from the general signal book, and the latter divided Into alphabetical, compnss. word, geographical and gen eral classifications. Aside from the flag signals there are two other codes, one for use during fogs aud the other at night. During s fog the signnls are made by means ol the steam whistles, the code consisting of long and short blasts, arranged some what after the fashion of the dots and dashes in the Morse telegraphic alpha bet. THE VALUE OF PERSISTENCE. How a Stranger Got and Kept a Good Job. "I'm lookin' for n Job. I'm a gooc feller and I'll work cheap." This Is the language lu which an lion est and rather simple looking mnn ap proached the head of a Chicago tlrm. "Sorry," smiled the proprietor, "bir we have nothing to offer just now. Cal 'round again." Jake, as he called himself, walker away a couple of blocks, and thet faced about aud returned to relient hit application. "1 been here," he said, "fur a Job. ant you told me to come again. I'm here.' The proprietor, being busy, did nol recall the previous visit, and, after In forming Jake that there was nothing for him yet, asked him to come again This time Jnke made a round trip ol about half a tulle, ami again dropped In, offering Ills services as twice before. "Persistent and looks honest," snld the proprietor to his bookkeeper. "Won der what he could do?" "Might give him a chance to eolleci some of our impossible accounts,'' laughed the Isiokkeeper. "He's tlie kind of a man to keep pegging away, am) even creditors can lie woni out." Jake was given some of the worst old accounts that could ls> hunted up nud started out. Ry making forty or fifty calls on the same man on the same day he began to innke an Impression, and the firm Is now getting a good deal ol money that hail long since been charge« to profit and loss. Rights of Newsboys. The Judgment comes from the Dis triot court at the national capital that the sale of newspapers on the streets is a legitimate business, and that news boys have a right td enter street oars and sell newspajiers to poasengers pro vided they behave themselves and leave the ear when their business Is finished. One newsboy was forcibly ejected from a ear In Washington some time ago ami had a leg crushed by a ear running on the other track. He hat Juat Obtained an award of $5.000 dam ogee from a Jury under 1 net ructions to the above effect by the Judge. \ j ! j j ! "She Is very frigid In her manner." remarked Willie Washington. "Per haps," was the reply, "but she has a heart of gold." "So I have been In formed. But I am tired of trying to cross a conversational Chllkoot Pass Ur or dar to reach 1L"—Washington Sue. _OVE MATCHES. I j HOME'S PINCIO A Way in Which Vonthsin the Eternal City Pick Hut Their Bride». It is probable that the I'ineio sees the Inception of half the marriages in Rome. It is a curious sociological tact, but the explanation of it is s.tuple. It has been commented upon by number less writers, that Italians are exclu sive. though not in the i.Mially accepted SCUM- uf the \N ' ml Tin y are prover •iallv to bially open and friendly espe strangers, the commeri ial x alue of whose visits in heir lam! they appreci ate. Itul this c mliality. even to their own countryuie i, lias its limit I u no country mure i mil in Iu ly is a man's home ids castli , and. ( xcept in the highest circles Hid wile •c tin re is uo poverty to be ei ncealed. he is •hary of his hospitality. Tins is spec! illy true of Rome and Naples. Then fore, if ueither she n ir her p irents receive many visitors, low is )1 e lto nan girl of the botirgeoi s class « ho is not "in society" to me -t the in -vital le lover for whose adve ul niul h ■ r consequent emancipation t rom par •utal tyranny she lougs more ardently than young women usually do? The answer is: "The I'lnclo." On Thursdays and Sundays when the Itaud plays iuncommonly well, by the way), and the park is in conse quence crowded to overflowing.'the slgnorina who is the fortunate posses sor of a becoming costume dons it, and demurely aconipanies her mother to the municipal pleasure ground, where each expends 10 centimes for the tem porary right to n comfortable chair, in geniously constructed so as to be sprlugy, though fashioned entirely of Irou. If she he a wise maiden, she will so maneuver that the chairs will lie placed ou tlie main pathway, where everyone must pass. Tills being achiev ed, she may await developments. And If she have pretensions to lmauty. she will not long lie left in anticipation. The young men who pass will gaze nt her approvingly: and finally one, tc whom she may especially appeal, will detach himself from the crowd aud take up his stand liefere her. Thus is initiated tlie first chapter of tlie ro tnance. From that moment, without a word or sign, and even with scarce ly a look from lier, lie becomes her swain aud faithful knight. Week after week he sees her at the I'incio; he even follows her about tlie streets. Having ascertained her abode and her name, he generally soon manages to find a mu tual friend who performs tlie introduc tion. Tlie rest is obvious. Or. if they do uot happen to have acquaintances In common, when the silent love-mak ing has progressed far enough, a de mand for the damsel's hand is made directly to her parents. CHARLES EMORY SM TH. Former Editor of the Philadelphia Pres» Now Postmaster General. The resignation of Postumster Gen eral James A. Gary from President Mc Kinley's cabinet was shortly followed by the naming of Charles Emory Smith, of Philadelphia, to succeed to tills im portant position. Charles Emory Smith was born In Mansfield, Conn., fifty-six ; years ago. When a child his family j removed to Albany, where he gradu- i ated from the Albany Academy and later from tlie Schenectady University. In lSlil he was active in organizing vol unteers for the civil war under Gen. Rathlioiie. He became editor of the CHARI.F.S EMORY SMITIT. Albany Express in IN lit and five years later acted ns president of the New York State Press Association. He serv ed as delegate to the Republican Slate eonveutlou for six successive years, be ing temporary and permanent chairman lu 187'.). He was a delegate to the Na tional Republican convention in Clueln \ nati lu IN * G and dratted a large portion j of the platform. He removed to Phil ! ndelphia lu 187!) aud took charge of tlie j Philadelphia Press. He has since been j editor of the Press. Mr. Smith wns np ! pointed minister to Russia in lspt) by President Harrison. He is well known as an orator as well as n writer and has a large acquaintanceship among the public men of the country. Narrowest Streets In the World. Chinese streets are supposed to lie the narrowest In the world. Some of them are only eight feet wide. "Remember," said the excited man, "money talks. I'll bet seventy-five cents that I'm right. Money talks." And the man with a shaggy silk hat and a chronic expression of dlsgiwt edged away from the crowd with the remark: "Yes, and it's Just like some k ii people. The smaller k Is the more i noise It tries to make."—Washington Eveulng Star. j I can t afford to have people think 1 don t know- about this particular " ld U ' e P"litWan. "and 1 ; haven t tlie time I need to read up on ' 3?",'," Pe ' plU ' d bU " lfe ' " ln th "t 1 y ° U What 1 d rto - 1(1 look wise and gert some paper to announce ttiat you »o he interviewed." Washington Star. A Hundy Stone Hoot. A stone boat is a necessity on most farms and tin* one shown in the ac companying illustration will be found very handy. The runners a are nbout i; inches thick w'tli a natural crook nt tlie forward ••ml. Tlie narrow strip b running parallel with the runner and holding down the cross boards Is of three-fourths Inch elm. The front plank in the »lat form is two inches thick. The whole structure is held together by wire spikes. In driving these use a small bit for starting the hole, as this will prevent splitting the material. The jKile, e. shown detached Is an Important feature and should never lie omitted. The chain d passes freely through the mortise In tlie jiole nnd by passing a small bolt through a link in the chain, better control can be had of the stone boat descending a hill or / // VIEW Of STONE BOAT FROM AROVE. backing the team. The draft, however, should lie wholly from tlie steel coup ling and not from tlie chain. The small standards can be used for supporting side boards if these are wanted.— (Prange Judd Farmer. ; bottom out may be tacked on tlie head j of the barrel directly over the hole, i For Watering Hobs, A device for watering hogs which Is semi-automatic In its operation is con structed as follows: A barrel is set on a small trough made out of fence boards, and a plug an inch and one-half ill size that is long enough to reach down about half tlie depth of the trough (a vinegar faucet will answer), with a half inch hole bored through it, is inserted in its bottom. While the barrel is being filled the lower hole is closed by a stopper, the barrel filled at the top and the top hole plugged up tight aud the lower plug removed, when the trough will till to a certain point and remain so as long as there is any water in tlie barrel. As a funnel an old washpan with the m IIP.VICE FOU WATERINO HODS. Tlie barrel will have to be anchored on the trough if the hogs are in the same lot. Wonderful boil Renovator. The cow pea is a wonderful reno vator of soil, the value or which is uot yet generally recognized, even in the South, where it has been most largely gruwu aud experimented with. At the Louisiana station (bulletin 40) sixty three varieties have been tested. For vines and for green manuring the best varieties are the unknown, black, clay aud red. while tlie strictly bunch varie ties, whippoorwill, blue, lilaekeye, etc., gixe larger returns in peas. Cow peas can be converted into hay or preserved as silage, lsith being palatable and nu tritious as food for stock. A three >eais rotation with five crops (oats, cow jieas. cotton and corn, and corn and cow pens), with suitable fertilizers for each crop, lias been found most ef fective in building up worn soils. If tlie vines are uot plowed uuder they should in' fed ty stock and the manure put ou the land. Plots on which this crop had been grown for three years showed an estimated gain of liio pounds tier acre of plant food in the soil where the crop hail ben removed and nearly 4N) pounds per acre where It had been plowed under. For econ omy s sake it Is recommended for the growth to plow uuder the green ma nure in the fall and sow the ground later in some winter crop, like rye, to s' turned under if a spring crop is Ue sired.—-Orange Judd Farmer, CnnrerniiiK Hen's Nests. it is a wonder to us often how It Is that hens will consent to deposit their eggs in such filthy nests as are often seen among the class who do not keep .int} fowls. They may have been brought up to it," and this may ac re i ™ uut f,>r thelr apparent want of nneD l eut ' I,ut ,he °uly excuse the own j tl *e birds can have Is laziness. Filthy nests engender disease or slek n, ' ss - and the owner, from these two <aus, ' s alone, loses far more than he ; «ve. in time, by not attending to them ' properly. * TUe m ' st for 'aying hens should be overhauled and renewed two or three llmos 'luring the season, the boxes be in * whitewashed thoroughly as often as is necessary, and fresh mat"lm ^ Abundantly supplied. The ri, ne»ej JSs Is get for sitting hens should 1*. every time a fresh butch ,,r e By this means you need hav„ i tie fear of lice, the bui Hi poultry-breeder. " ^ ot the While flue hay. or fine, wen h , . straw makes good nests a nest can l>e made with shaving wood. Select only the rimj . 0Ia softest, aud make the nest wefi a " J them. They can he lightiv with diluted carbolic add ' f . klwl away lice. and. being very porous retain the smell and effect of ti ' * much longer than any Sr ÏCld Poultry World. material ... , ° oU ■ nd , ' en " for Feei. " e do not believe there is much if ... profit in sowing oats alone to be ™ for green feed or for soiling. The 2 emp is a very exhaustive one. and if cut green It leaves the soil i n ^ condition for any other crop. But ini peas the case is different. They reel , enrich the soil through the nodS which grow on pea roots, as they do* the roots of all leguminous plants Bm to sow peas alone Is very unsatisfac tory. The pea vines cannot hold them selves up, ami as they fall on tll , ground the viues are mildewed. One third weight of (rats sown with n«u will probably make the growth of eaca about equal. There will be some pod» with peas In them on peas thus grown, aud when cut green for soiling these peas in their pods cau lie eaten without danger of hurting the stock fed by them. If some gypsum or land plaster is sown with this mixture it will great ly help the peas, and will also be good for the oats by keeping the soil inoist. Exchange. Water for Hob*. There Is uo domestic animal that m suffers from the lack of sufficient water as the hog. This is partly because, though hogs are cooped up Iq pens and cau gert nothing except what is given them, it is supposed that the swill, made mostly from dish washings, which are generally very salt, and the milk mixed with it, serve the hogs in place of drink. More thun half the fevers of sows iu parturition come from their having too little fresh water to drink. Salt water only aggravates thirst. Much of the bulk of milk is solid, as any one can test by letting it curdle. Giving the hog too little water injures the quality of its pork. If swill nr skim milk are given the animals drink eagerly, only to find later that their thirst Is greater than ever. Some en tirely fresh water should be kept in the pens where tlie hogs can get at it to drink, and cannot easily put their feet in It to soil the water.—Exchange. Calves for Veal. While we believe under present con ditions In keeping for cows all the heifer calves that promise to be good milkers, there are many even among the heifers t lia t show by thick necks and other signs that they are better for meat than for milk. Nine-tenths of the male calves should also lie fattened and killed. It takes so much milk to prop crly raise or fatten a calf that man.r will not do It. Yet if fed with part skim milk and partly xvitli a jiorridge made of oatmeal sifted, the calf can be fat tened until it is two. three or four months old with a profit for all the feed given. Most calves are killed too young. Their veal is not good by law until it is four weeks old. It is better still when it is eight or ten weeks old, If it lins been fed so as to keep growing. —American Cultivator. Why Potatoes Stuln. Every farmer who cuts (wtatoes for seed, und also every housewife who removes the skin by peeling them, knows that the potato juice is sure to slain hands, and to rust knives or other metal which comes in contact with it This is on account of the iiotas.li in the |K>tato, which is more than iu an> other root. Wetting the lmmls and holding them In tlie fumes of burning sulphur is a quick aud effective way to bleach them white. Tlie bleaching l» wer " sulphur fumes is well known, ç" care should be taken not to breams them, ns they are very injurious, may be due to the fact that it is oxygen of the air which turns bright red by rusting blood ought to contain, sulphur ure mixed with air as it P* the luugs, they may dissolve 80 . the red or iron corpuscles of the on which its healthf ulne ss depend . Eradicating Currant »'(>"» . ff The currant worm is a slow and seldom leaves the chimp o ^ where it was born and bri . when It get* into the mb Where they are once ** RU " <a farm some years of exemption ^ blood » the iron which If fumes of hoped for, even when tae 1 P u>e tiful a few milt's away. Min, i of hellebore every spring. J ust as the currant leaves ni'PÇAf newlng It after every rain. 8 It Is far better to head off the l ^ before the damage is done than ^ until currant bushes are str ppeu In the latter ease probably som worms have gone Into the p P before the poison Is applied, anu be on hand another spring. Pasturing Orchard Ora"- Uef Orchard grass can be pas „job than most other grasses, as jt mostly near the surface. r i oa elj. needs to be eaten down I' r ^f L e tf for it Is not only more P r °' t» thus pastured, hut that is hoot mi prevent the seed poof up. Then the grass »oon heco In quality, as the seed s,a woody Aber, and have comp*»" Utils feeding value.