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yaL. î. LEH ISTOY, NORTH IDAHO, SATURDAY NOVEMBER 11.1876. NO. 4. THE TELLER Pnbllnhed Every Saturday — Î1Y — A. LELAND & SON, MONTGOMERY STREET LEWISTON 1. 7. Terms of Subscription, at Coin Rates. Single Copy per Year..............■..........$3 00 " " Six Months.................. 2 00 " " Two Months................. 1 00 Single Number.................................... 25 Prepayment in all cases demanded. All pa per* discontinued when time of subscription has expired. Levai Advertisements, Iu Coin : Sheriff's Sale......................................$20 00 district Court Summons....................... 25 00 Justice's Summons............................. 12 00 Probate Notice................................... 15 00 Ilusiness Advertisements In Coin : One Column (14 in.,) per uio.,..............$30 00 One-half (7 in.,) " 20 00 One-fourth (4 in.,) " 13 00 One-eighth (2 in.,) '* 8 00 Single insertion of 1 in.,....................... 3 00 Each Additional inch........................... 75 Good clean wheat, good butter, predelivered to us at Lewiston, will be received in payment for subscriptions at Lewiston cash rates at time of deliver''. ALONZO LELAND. CHAS..F. LELAND. D. J. WARNER, City Recorder And xjjmo « ram OFFICE MONTGOMERY STREET, LEWISTON, I. T. 1-tf ALONZO LELAND, Attorney-at - L a w, LEWISTON, IDAHO TERRITORY. Will practice in all the Courts of North Idaho, j and also the Supreme Court. __[Mf]_! __[Mf]_! W. Gr. LANGFORD, Attorney-at-Law. LEWISTON, I. T., Will practice in all the Courts in Idaho Washington Territories. 1-tf and H. W. STAINTON, Physician and Surgeon, LEWISTON, I. T, Office and Residence—Montgomery Street Head of Fourth. 1-tf A. GILMAN IS AT HIS OLD SAMPLE ROOMS UK AD OF MAIN STREET, LEWISTON, /. T. JAMES McCOltMIUK. OFFERS HIS SERVICES AS cTsi 1 SIWSffTftlSU o perience and extensive knowledge of the ranges of stock in the vicinity of Lewiston gives him advantages in tho business posessed by but few if any other persons. Enquire at Coburn & WardwelUs, Lewis- : ton, I. T. 1-tf I BLACKSMITIIING BY «*• W. BENJAMINE At I). JOHNSON. LEWISTON I. T. ' 0 general work in h's Fne at rates to s the : J.ts. l-tf LOEWENBERG BROS. Wholesale and Retail Dealers IN 00 00 00 25 pa 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 75 GENERAL MERCHANDISE, LEWISTON, IDAHO. H AVE CONSTANTLY ON large and complete stock of HAND A Dry Roods, Clothing-, Boots sud Shoes, Groceries Crockery, Hardware, Liquors, Cigars, Etc., Etc., 0 WHICH WE CALL THE ATTENTION of the public. Knowing well the wants of the people, we have endeavored to fill our store*witiija stock of goods that will meet their requirements. T GOODS OF THE BEST QUALITY AND 'Prices Very Low. i-tf LOEWENBERG BROS. JOHN r. VOLLMER, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in j OF ALL KINDS. * A GENERAL ASSORTMENT OF DRY Goods, Clothing, Groceries, Crockery and Glassware, Cutlery, Tobacco, Miners' Goods, Etc., Etc., Etc. Lewiston, I. T., Oct., 21, lS7fi. l-tf JACKSON'S Wonderful Oil. Cures Rheumatism, strains, ear and toothache. HORSE OINTMENTS, For sweeny, strains, old sores etc., VINCENT'S patent liquid soap for glass, paint, etc. Liquid harness wash, also BED BUG ERADICATOR AND VARNISH, all manufactured by J. K. VINCENT. He also cures bunions, corns and warts. He will sell any of the above mixtures in large or small quantities. Call and see him at Lew iston I. T. If not satisfied no pay required. 1-tf LUNA STABLE, C Street, Between 3d and 4th, LEWISTON, I. T. Feed, Livery & Sale Stable. : I If you Muck-a-Muck and no Airs Stock Taken to Ranch. l-tf X. B. IIOLRROOK. Proprietor. LETTER FROM LEWISTON. Lewiston, Nov. 5., 1876. Editor Teller.— This is election week, and we shall all bo so anxious about election news that, fertility of the soil, development of mines, opening of navigation, price of grain, and even the weather will be forgotten. It will be reported that Tilden is elected and the nation about to be destroyed, that Hayes is elected and the nation ruined. The successful party will believe that their success will save the nation, and their opponents will believe that such success will destroy it. To an impartial ob server, it is clear, that if the officers elected perform their duties according to the declared principles upon which they are elected, the country will be safe. Our attention should bo directed to local affairs, to the end that our Terri torial and County taxes maybe reduced. Northern Idaho pays about $8,000 territorial taxes per annum. It re ceives back again about $3,000, by the way of $1,500 District Attorney fees, the transportation of prisoners to Boise, and the keeping of prisoners at the Penitentiary. It costs oue dollar a day for a prisoner's keeping, while it costs nearly $400 to transport a prisoner from Northern Idaho through Washington and Oregon to Boise. It will be seen that the cost of transportation is greater than the cost of keeping a p-isoner a year. There are few prisoners sen tenced to more than a years impris onment. If such persons could he kept in *t .. - • • the county jail in Northern Idaho, expenses would be reduced nearly or quite one-half. We should like to know what is done with the territorial taxes as now collected, and have measures taken for their reduction. High taxes, are not only burdensome, on account of the amount paid, but also because they deter settlement in the Territory. Our county taxes should also bo reduced. We must come down to the principle of settled farming communities, in the pay ment of public officers, and public ex ment of public officers, and public ex penses of all kinds. The paper states that Gen. O. O. Howard represented at Washington that Joseph was about to plunge the Nez Perce Indians into a war with the whites, and that such a war would cost the G overnment ten millions of dollars , and that the only means by which said war could be averted was to appoint him self and his friends commissioners to treat with Joseph. We all know that there is no danger of a war with the Nez Perce Indians, that Joseph has not more than thirty-five warriors, all told, and that he has no influence with the other Nex Perces. This commission business, may be very pleasant and profitable to the com missioners, but in this instance, can be of no benefit to the government or the Indians. The spread of this false re port of danger from hostile Indians is a great injury to this section of the coun try, as by creating a false alarm, it pre vents emigration and settlement in this country. The sentimental affection for the Indian which pervades the East is a good theme for the novelist and poet, but when practiced in the West, the men who apply the sentiment, generally make money for themselves. If Adam and Eve are the common ancestors of both the Indians and the whites, and their descendants inherit equally the whole earth, it would appear that a white man had the same rights as the Indian. It would he difficult to find in ; cither the new or old testaments a doc triue which wjul 1 confine th j wtiitc I of be race to crowded cities and starvation, while the Indian had his thousands of acres of uncultivated and waste lands. Treaty making with the In4v>Q8 has been the cause of most of our troubles, because they are generally imperfectly understood by the Indians and seldom strictly complied with by the whites. Great Britain has had less trouble than we, because it has made no treaties, but has forced both the Iudians and whites to conform strictly to the law made ap plicable to all alike. This principle of equality before the law, is clearly an nounced by the 15th Amendment of the Coustitntion of the United States, which declares that "all persons born in the 1 United States and subject to the juris diction thereof are citizens of the United States," and no law "shall be passed denying to any citizen equal pro tection of the laws*" As the Supreme Court has decided that Indians are sub ject to the jurisdiction of the United States, if would seem that the constitu tion itself should enforce the passage of laws equally applicable to Indians and whites alike. Occasional. MORE BIO TREES. It is not generally known that thero exists in Fresno county a rival of the Yosemite valley. The new valley is on King's river, is forty-five miles long from east to west, and has an average width at the bottom of about half a mile. The Fresno Republican says : It lies five thousand feet above the sea, and its walls, which are about three thousand feet high, are very precipitous. In this valley, a new grove of colossal redwood trees have been discovered. One of them eclipses all that have been discovered on the Pacific coast. Its circumference, as high as a man can reach and pass a tape line around, is a few inches less than a hundred and fifty feet. This is beyond the measurement of any tree in the Calaveras grove. The bight is estimated at a hundred and sixty feet ; and a part of the top lying on the ground is over a hundred , feet in length. Turning the Denert Ocean Into or Sahara. the They are still talking in Europe about turning the ocean into the desert of Sahara ; and the scheme seems to be taking a more practicable form through the energy of its promotor. Mr. Donald Mackenzie has been to Africa, and re ports that a sand bar a mile and a half long by 300 yards in width upon the coast opposite the Canary Islands, is the only obstruction to the mouth of the ancient inland sea. The land be hind the bar is 230 feet below the level of the ocean. It is his belief that upon cutting through the 300 yards of 6and the water will at once enter its former bed. Mr. Mackenzie has also held a conference vith the chiefs upon the northwestern coast of Africa, and they have agreed to his proposals of trade. If carried out, this scheme is expected to be of great assistance in the Christi anization of Africa, from the fact that the trading posts are to be in part mis sionary settlements.— 8. F. Bulletin. The 105 miles of Northern Pacifie railroad in Washington Territory, con necting Puget Sound and the Columbia river, between Tacoma and: Kalama, yielded a revenue last year of $102,221, 94, or nearly $300 per day for every working day of the year. The opérât - ; ing expenses were $66,732 57, or about $200 per day; and the profit $85,508, I >", or over $100 per day.