LBWI8TON, NORTH IDAHO.
SATURDAY..............NOVEMBER 13. 1870
At the preseat day the machiaerjr of par
ty ii so intricate, complicated aqd manifold
in its branches, as to seem to embrace
withfn its folds almost every citizen within
the Uoion. It ife certain that at the polls
the great mass array thqpiselves on the one
side or the other as Democrats or Republi
cans, in the support of the candidates nom
inated by their respective party conven
tions, while only comparatively few vote
independently for other men. So much
accustomed have the people become to this
habit,'that many ate led to believe that
fealty 10 party is paru moo at to fealty to
country, or that the country can only be
secure through the partisan machinery
that is set iu motion by tbe respective par
ties to which each is attached.
Imbued with tbe spirit of ibis false the
ory, many become censorious and proscrip
ti?e towards such as do not iu all respects
obey the behests of party, and oftentimes
attempt to compel men to avow an allegi
ance to pa-ty, whether they will or not.
Such partisans are very dull of comprebeu
sion of what belongs lo public journalism.
TJiejr Ibiuk that a newspaper is bound to
declare its partisan preferences and fealty
and when once it has so ^declared, it mast
uphold and snpport tbrongh its columns
every principle, plan and measure which a
district convention of that p.■ ri y or which
some prominent members of ibat party
might adopt and promulgate, regardless of
its truth as a principle or good policy as a
mensore. If a patty convention or the
members of a party as such furnish all tbe
means of support to a newpoper and can
find tbe willing and subservient tool ready
to contract to do tbeir bidding, they then
have some right to claim s fulfillment of
tbe contract, however bnmil'i'ting it mAy
sometimes become to such a journalist.
But until the above conditjous take place,
every editor aod publisher of a newspaper
is and should be supposed lo be free to
speak independently upoo all questions,
whether they relate lo pi incipies, measures
or men, and every man who calls in ques
tion that right of a journalist thereby shows
himself grossly ignorant of the laws which
govern and protect the press of tbe country.
If ajonrnal abases its rights in this re
spect it will be quite sure to answer for
that' abuse at tbe bar of publie opinion and
'ftfcfefve the condemnation Its temerity has
woh for its abuse.
We believe tbe country needs an inde
pendent press, ibat partisan journals are
far too much In tbe extreme iu tbeir sup
port of partisan principles, measures and
men, and too blind in relation to tbe real
4 welfare of ibe country. We have only to
eke the déclarai ions of the partisan press
throughout tbe Uai ed States made during
the late canvass for P:esideat, iu support
of our belief. But there is another great
error which some bave imbibed as to wbat
consulates as independent press. Some
imagine that if a newspaper be not partisan,
it muet of necessity be silent ou political
questions, measures, and men. Nothing
cab be farther from thé truth, there is not
a question of partisan policy, nor a meas
ure they may adopt, nor a man they may
put forward for tbe suffrages of tbe people,
about which or wbom an independent pa
per'may not speak freely without doing vi
olence to its character as an independent
journal. But in so doing it will not speak
from a partisan 1 standpoint. Its tests of
worth, expediency, propriety and efficiency
will not be partisan tests, bat they will be
such as the whole people may approve who
have tbe weal of the country more at heart
than party success. À newspaper ostensi
bly dèvotéd to the 'general interests of tbe
cowin'ry which can remain silent when po
litical evils and abuses are abundant and
prevalent all around it, never can justly
claim to be independent. It more properly
belongs to tbe neuter gender and its pro
geny, like all other nenters will be nix.
Tbe independent press is tbe one above
all others, tbet tbe peoole should
maintain aod uphold if they would avert
the evil j and co rup.ion of parlies in power
or punies oui of power and seeking to gain
control of I he government.
THAT NEW TREATY.
Up to this time of writing we ara unable
to learu that the Commissioners sent to
treat with Joseph have made any success
ful arrangement with this outlaw of the
Nez Perce nation. Joseph^and some of bis
men came in from tbe Wallowa last week
and camped on the Sweetwater a few miles
above the Agency, and afterwards jisiled
tbe Agency with his men mounted and ca
parisoned ij good styleriding eigot abreast
and paraded themselves before the office of
tbe Agent, aod manifested a degree of dig
nity aod reserve comporting more with tbe
character of a chief of some great nation
tban with that of a leader of a small band
of outlaws. Several incidents have been
carrated to ns showing tbe defiant wanton
and independent spirit of Joseph. On one
occasion at a gathering In the church
building for purposes of council, he and
his men were directed to occupy a certain
position in tbe building, and he objected,
selecting another place instead,. Again
on being requestep to meet tbe Commission
ers on a certain day, he replied that he did
not care to meet with them, if tbe weather
was good he might come, but if it wa 9
rainy he should stay at home, that all tbe
land about here was free and be cbo 3 e to go
wherever be pleased and do as he pleased.
And on one occasion when Gen. Howard
told him that be bad come from the great
father at Washington to have a talk with
him, Joseph replied that be did not know
about that and expressed his doubts about
We understand t^at Gen. Howard had
become a little impatient with his insolence
and intimated that be would compel him
by force to come in upon the reservation,
that one or two others of tbe Commission
were more lenient towards the outlaw and
disposed to indulge, if not justify his inde
If this Commission can by mild tneaos
induce him to come and reside upon the
reservation, tbeir mission may not be en
tirely lost, but for them to again treat for
tbe purchase of tbe Wallowa country in
order to appease this outlaw, it will only
furnish a good precedent aod pretext for
every other bead of a family of tbe Nez
Perces now residing off tbe reservation to
claim the land they reside upon and de
mand a separate treaty for its purchase by
tbe Government. Tbe Government has
once bought this land of tbe Nez Berces
and paid the pnrebase money. Joseph and
his baud nor their immediate ancestors
were theowneis of tbe Wallowa valley but
another chief who signed tbe treaty. So
we bave heeo informed by one who is as
well posted in the b'sory of this nation as
anv man in'be country, tbe members of
tbe Commission not excepied, and Joseph
should >ie torced to abaodou it and come
io unoh tbe reservation end be subject to
such régalai ions as o'hers of the tribe.
Washington Territory.— Reams of tbe
election for Delegate to Contres« from
Washington Territory iodicuie tbe re-elec
tion of 0. Jacobs tbe present delegate by
about 275 majority over Jadson.
Oregon. —Richard Williams is elected
representative tfrora Oregon to Congress
over Lafayette Laue, tbe present incom
The steamer Beaver arrived at Vic
toria from Wrangel Ootober 81st. The
news from the mines is good. The
finding of hill diggings on Thibert
creek is confirmed ; they are supposed
to he very rich. Diggings are reported
no Taroou river by one of the prospect
ing parties, but the extent and locality
are not known. The steamer Isabel,
about dne, will bring a large amount of
gold and many passengers. The miners
who arrived yesterday have from $200
to $800 each.— Oregonian.
They have struck it rich iu the
Belle Peck again aod the owner of the
mine is happy. The force has bcon re
cently increased, rich rock is being
taken out and for tbe coming few
months the Belie Peck will undoubtedly
contribute largely to the bullion pro
due's of the camp.— Avalanche.
PRESIDENT! 4L ELECTION
for Hayei, with
toral votes :
are the States reported
their njjpjorities and elee
Foa Tilde* :
New Yo- k
Still Doubtful :
Private telegrams recieved at Portland,
from Democratic sources, claim all these
States for Tilden, which if true would give
him 203 electoral voies, or a majority of 18
Similar telegrams from Republican sources
claim tbe Steles for Hayes, which would
give him, if true, 185 electoral votes or a
majority of 1.
The above was the status of tbe returns
at Portland on the morning of the 10th as
Gov. Braymun bus found upon exa
mination of the law that the session of
the legislature ofldaho has not been
changed to January, as was supposed,
but will be held in December as hereto
fore. By a law of Cougress the session
of the, legislature was changed to Janu
ary id Montana, but no Such change
has been made for Idaho.— Oregonian.
A ll parties knowing themselves
to be indebted to the undersigned, are
hereby notified that If payment is not made be
fore the first day of December next, leiral pro
cess will be commenced for the recovery of the
same. "Three tips and out."
Oct. 30th 187«. D. H. HOWSER
NEAR HEAD OF FIRST ST.
LEWISTON, I. T.
Call and «es them. WEIS GERBER BROS
_ ■ 1-tf '
WHOLESALE k RETAIL DEALER]*
C 3 -E 3 STE HAL
Forwarding and Commission.
Goods Stored iu Fire-Proof Storage.
.^"Money Advanced on Consignments.
Lewiston, Oct.. 21, 1876. j'_ tf
J. Ki VINCENT,
LEWISTON. I. T. *
LL BUSINESS ATTENDED TO
Promptly and Faithfully.' j_ ;f
PROPRIETORS OF THE
FLORENCE. WARRENS AND
Tr»n?.ie'ing business with WELLS, FAR.
GO & CO , J*., Exprès*. Also carrying the U.
S. Mail from Lewiston to the above named
place«, and intermediate points.
Always Supplied With The Best
Of hoire*, corche« and "accommodating
whips." Never Failing' to Go Through
COLLECTIONS, ORDERS Ac.,
M ade a specialty, and any and
all bu«:nets enliu-led to tlicui will he
abended to promp lv. We ere nuking semi
wce'.'y tr'pi» to und from Lewi ton, 1. T., with
Leaving Lewi ton at 4 o'clock a. m.,
on Tuesdays and Saturdays, and leaving Mount
Idaho at 7 o'clock a. m., on Mondavs and
Thursdays of ejeh week. Makings weekly con
nection 1 * with the rniu'ug comps, Elk City,
Flo-ence and We ne us.
Toe best of rc.eiences given if required,
l-tf LAIRD BROS.
Mentir » n e r y St v e e t,
L.U ; „ Jl&l 1 .--© ^ lia
At the s'iiiid forniorW k -it bv L. E. Harris
next door o! the t o- iuüioe. Call in
T. S. BILLINGS
Mannfiidarer And Importer Of
SADDLES AND HARNESS
A GOOD ASSORTMENT OF:
Zinc Collar Pads
Riding Whips, Race "
Stage " Mexican Spurs
Team *« California "
Stock " Dragoon "
Buggy •« Curry Combs
Brushes, Etc., Etc.,
And everything pertaining to a fir t-cli»-'
Uni ness Shop,
COLD com OR
Buggy Trimming and Repairing promptly
attended to. Call and see. * *
1-tf T. S. BILLINGS.
formed by " d hair ' dres8 ' n S artistically I* r '
Lewiston, I, T., Call and see.
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