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am Ti f : ! ' * i fff# VOL. 1. LEWISTON, NORTH IDAHO, SATURDAY JAN DAR Y «O. 18U. m** THE TELLER. PabllibW Kwr Hatnrdar —BY— A. LELAND 4b SON, MONTGOMERY STREET LEWIBTOy 1. 1. Tara» af Sabacrlptlea, at Cala Rataa. flucLa Corr prr Year ........................$3 00 " " Six Moicths .................. 2 00 ** ** Two Moeths ............ ..... 1 00 fltafla Number.................. « ................ 25 Prepayment in all case« demamied. All pa para diacontinued when time uf aubacription baa expired. Le«al AdrertUemeata. la Cala : NVwiraSale......................................$20 00 Court Summon«....................... 25 00 /attica'a Summons............................. 12 00 (Probata Notice.................................. 15 00 Bpalaaaa Adrerilaaaaaata la Cala : iQna Column (14(in.,) per mo.,..............$30 00 Ona-half (7 in.,) " 20 00 lOna-fviptli (4 in.,) " 13 00 lOne-eijrUh (2 ip,.) " 8 00 •Gingt« tpaertion.of 1 in...................... 3 00 (Each additional iÿich ........................... 75 ftcofataiqpal and buaineaa Carda of oaa jquare^r ilea?, iper quarter................. 7 50 *9*od eUan wheat, good butter, predelivered £e aa at jûawiaton, x w il 1 he received in payment ffqr ApUlcrâptions at Lewiatap etüb rate« at time «<f,ddVwy. AWWfcGfcBLAND. CNAS..P. LKLAND. W, G. LAITOFORD, A t t<o r 9<e y# ; at' Law. LEWISTON., I. T., 'Will practice ip .«11 the (Ctpiets in Idarho and VA'a^ington Jferritorie.-. 1 Ttff ALONZO LELANT», Attoraey-at-Law, LEWISTON, IDAHO TERRITORY. Will practice in all the Courts of North Idaho, and also the Supreme Court. [1-tf] H. W. STAINTON, [Physician and Surgeon, LEWISTON, l. T, •Cilice and Residence—Montgomery Street (Head of Fourth. I-tf PAN McOBLWEE'S SALOON, Meat«« aa er y Ht re et, iLawnaiFoisj n. v. At the stand formerly kept by L. E. Harris matt door eaet of the Poatoflice. Call in 1—tf JJJ9LS Mc€OAm€K. •WFERS HIS SERVICES AS O N (REASONABLE (TERMS. HIS EX (Mtfiqpce-ftpil extepaive kn<wl<'<lg<* of th*' rang«« of etouk lie the wieinity .of Lewiston (ive* hiqp advantages in Aiie busi^c*« poresseri by bat fpyr j>f any other pqt^nn?. Enquire .at Cobpm £ \Wardw«U'i, Lewia t%D, I. T. l_tf ! ' 1 ■ i ORO F1NO i rcXPTTESS, BY 3DTOWB1W. & SDH, t C ARRYING Ü. S. MAIL AND PASSEN- j gera to and from Lewitbm and Fierce <Q»ty. transacting business with FARGO A CO'S., Express, leaving; Lewiaton on Monday and arriving at Pierce i ^ity on Wedneaday, leaving Pierce i€(ity on ! Touraday and arriving at Lewiston o* 8atur-! day of eaeh we«k 1-tf L0EWENBER6 BROS., Wholesale and Retail Dealers IN j j I j , general merchandise, LEW1STO.X, IDAHO. H ave constantly on, hand a large and complete atoek of Dry Goods, Clotlilug, 1*4 Ml ta and Shoes, Groceries Crockery, Hardware* Liquors, Cigars, Etc*, Etc,, rpo WHICH WK CALL THE ATTENTION I. of the public. Knowing well the wants of the people, we have endeavored to fill our store with a stock of goods that will meet their req u i rente n ta. GOODS OF THE BEST QUALITY AND Prices Very Low. i-tf LOKWKNliKHO BROS. JOHN P. VOLLMER, M r hole?ale and Retail Dealer in OF AU KINDS. .GENERAL ASSORTMENT OP DRY .Goode, Clothing, Groceries, Crockery Gins.ararc, Cutlery, Tobacco, Minera' Goodi, Etc., Etc., Etc. Lewiston, I. T., Get., 21, and 187«. 1-tf JACKSONS WONDERFUL OIL. Cures Rheumatism, strains, rlr and toothache. HORSE OINTMENTS, For sweeny, «trains, old /<ves etc,, VINCENT'S pat«yit liquid 4 M>np f<*r gin**, paint, etc. Liquid tbaAtu-as .w«>h, *Un RED HI G ERAD!>'ATO*t AND VAUN*SH, all j manufactured' by J. K. yiNCBST. He also cures bunions, corns and warts. lie 1 will sell any of the above fixtures in large ! or small quantities. Call and seo him at Lejr.- , Uton I. T. If not satisfied no (pay required. 1-tf ! LUNA STABLE, C itirfireet, Ilcfevccn 3d And 411», LE WIST ON, I. T. Feed, Livery ft Sals Stabk //you jùfuvk-d-ijtieli aud no Air ! j ( stoeik Taken t$ R.a»ch, 1-tf B. A0J, BROOK. Fropnetor. ' ! j ; 1 a j 1 ! , ! LET VS HAVE A 6RADEÜ SCHOOL* Such is the murmur amoog that class of citixens with whom the education of their children is paramount above all other considerations. Some of ooursc, who are not blessed with children and never expetft that blessing, may feel tired of the oft repeated subject, turn up their noses, if not already turned up, aud contemptuously snarl M Oive us a rest." Not so however with devoted fathers aud loving mothers. They know the value of an education and are apx ious to give that to their offsprings as a lasting inheritance, for gold and silver may vanish from the grasp of the most opulent, but education never fades nor withers. We need a publie graded school. Is it not said that because a school is a public school, that any old shanty and almost any system adopted therein will meet the wauls of such who attend public schools. Eradicate that idea, for it is dangerous, Our pub lic schools ought to be the best in the land, the pride of the country and the anchor of hope on which to oHaitj the present and distant future of a glorious republio* Private schools are not with out their beneficence. They exist every where, and will exist and fiourtsh tho' our public schools wero built of gold and costly stones, but our public schools are the sinew of the country and the strength of all nations whieb foster the same. Eighteen thousand dollars would erect a beautiful structure within the city limits, aud if the school money now paid out here aud there was properly applied, competent teachers could be obtaiued to make graded sbool systems au astounding auucc-«, it behooves us to agitate the matter, for an important measure so necessary to the welfare of the young should not lie dormant in the bosoms of a few. We are all interested. It is true, mere words build neither schools nor open the Columbia river, but there is nothing like agitating, Well do we remember when our lamented friend, Joe IJehnuth, fifteen years ago exclaimed : "Boys let's buy an 'Injun,' " Many laughed at first, others smiled immediately thereafter, but agitation and time not only gave us a fire Engine, but mIko a magnificent steamer. Again, when the project of building a railroad from here to Walltila was first broached by ('apt. John Mullen, there was no end of derisioo, yet to-day we have as good a railroad to the Columbia as one can find anywhere on the Pacific coast, lu aud ! the same manqer roads were built aqq i \rx «->«• j ' "Ä Ad 1 *. IT. Watchman, The above bold expression of policy respecting public schools is metal of the true ring. If tax payers will only use a little reason (they cannot fail to fure that ft* maintainanec of good ! public schools in a community adds val ! ue to every d/>llar of their taxable prop f.erty in thatcomm un if y beside« the eh*. j vated character it gives to all the cliil ( dreu resident there. .HCII0OLS H WALLA WALLA IOIWI. Prom the report of the County Sup- f ' e» infeudent we clip the following : ! The schools of Walla Walla county are in fair working order and will bear j a favorable comparison with the com - 1 ; mon schools of other States aud Terri- i tories. ! 1 In the rural district* a much larger j ; , i I j ! gg— 1-U— per cent, of the student* attend school than in the oity. In the city of WaiU Walla theclerks report 938 school children. The aver age attendance ii not more than 280, and perhaps less. The reason for this is to be found in the iQsuffieieiiey of house room and the limited number of teachers. The schools are already overcrowded, To place sixty or more students an one teacher when there is schoolfund enough on hand to pay an additional tetchier is a ruinous economy, K4RLI DIIOOYERIHH 0®U>W IDAHO* Boise City, dm,, 1 1877. Editor AvalaNch^U the early dxys of California and the settlement of Siskiyou County the Indian! in that vicinity were hostile toward* the set tiers, fortifying themselves |n a small care on (Hamath river a few miles above the ferry on the Mein California and Oregon road, A large force of volun teers organised at Cottonwood City and started to dislodge the Indiane from their strong hold, but after arriving within a short distance of the cave the Indians made the ettaek, killing sever al and wounding others, then retreated to their cave, The volunteers were satisfied that their force wet insufficient. They retreated and communicated their defeat to the military f »fees in Beott'a Valley, A company with field mortar was dispatched from Scott's Valley to co operate with the volunteers* After shelling the cave for several day« they became satisfied that the Indiana could Qot be dislodged* so all withdrew leav ing the Indiana masters of the field. This was a state of affairs we had never seen before; leaving the redskins to boast over their victory* Knowing that our old friend Charley Adams waa lose ted at Clesrwater and married to one of tho Nei Perce squaws, wo for warded a note by an Indian to our friend a* Lapwni asking him to bring u* a company of Ne» Perce warriors to take the cave. On the reoeiptof our note Mr, Adams organised a oempany and brought them to lfreka, but on their arrival hostilities bad ceased tor tho Indiuns were decoyed from their cure and theii leading chiefs murdered at the ferry. The No* Perce warrior« went home* but Adams remained in our cabin for two months* Circumstances led to the discovery ot sold in Idaho. Adams' squaw mode daily visits to our placer claims aud seeing specimens of i - * * ___. . ,, .r * , j ftÄÄÄ m — immensely rich. This iuduced us to communicate her assertion to Captain Pierce, Mr- Leonard, Jack Swart« and a few other*. These men became satis fied as well as myself that these oampe were worth looking after. A company was organised and left with Adama and ! family for the new goldfields, which There are three thousand Smiths, 'Johns and othgrs. in New Jersy. we did not find «s rich aa we antioipa j ted. A Kanaka, who had been in the ; Hudson Bay employ for several years , and stationed at old Fort Boise on this i river, informed iu that be bald seen the I Indians with specimens of gold repre sent in-/ in have got them from our neighboring hills, We oommunioated these faot» to Jake Westenfelter end #i»4 otJior companies «T Ora These assertions led to the discovery ot Florence and Waren« aa well as the Boise Basin and other min eral camps in our Territory. JAMES HEARD.