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LEWISTON, NORTH IDAHO, SATURDAY JAN DAR Y «O. 18U.
PabllibW Kwr Hatnrdar
A. LELAND 4b SON,
LEWIBTOy 1. 1.
Tara» af Sabacrlptlea, at Cala Rataa.
flucLa Corr prr Year ........................$3 00
" " Six Moicths .................. 2 00
** ** Two Moeths ............ ..... 1 00
fltafla Number.................. « ................ 25
Prepayment in all case« demamied. All pa
para diacontinued when time uf aubacription
Le«al AdrertUemeata. la Cala :
Court Summon«....................... 25 00
/attica'a Summons............................. 12 00
(Probata Notice.................................. 15 00
Bpalaaaa Adrerilaaaaaata la Cala :
iQna Column (14(in.,) per mo.,..............$30 00
Ona-half (7 in.,) " 20 00
lOna-fviptli (4 in.,) " 13 00
lOne-eijrUh (2 ip,.) " 8 00
•Gingt« tpaertion.of 1 in...................... 3 00
(Each additional iÿich ........................... 75
ftcofataiqpal and buaineaa Carda of oaa
jquare^r ilea?, iper quarter................. 7 50
*9*od eUan wheat, good butter, predelivered
£e aa at jûawiaton, x w il 1 he received in payment
ffqr ApUlcrâptions at Lewiatap etüb rate« at time
AWWfcGfcBLAND. CNAS..P. LKLAND.
W, G. LAITOFORD,
A t t<o r 9<e y# ; at' Law.
LEWISTON., I. T.,
'Will practice ip .«11 the (Ctpiets in Idarho and
LEWISTON, IDAHO TERRITORY.
Will practice in all the Courts of North Idaho,
and also the Supreme Court.
H. W. STAINTON,
[Physician and Surgeon,
LEWISTON, l. T,
•Cilice and Residence—Montgomery Street
(Head of Fourth. I-tf
Meat«« aa er y Ht re et,
iLawnaiFoisj n. v.
At the stand formerly kept by L. E. Harris
matt door eaet of the Poatoflice. Call in
•WFERS HIS SERVICES AS
O N (REASONABLE (TERMS. HIS EX
(Mtfiqpce-ftpil extepaive kn<wl<'<lg<* of th*'
rang«« of etouk lie the wieinity .of Lewiston
(ive* hiqp advantages in Aiie busi^c*« poresseri
by bat fpyr j>f any other pqt^nn?.
Enquire .at Cobpm £ \Wardw«U'i, Lewia
t%D, I. T. l_tf !
' 1 ■ i
ORO F1NO i
3DTOWB1W. & SDH,
C ARRYING Ü. S. MAIL AND PASSEN- j
gera to and from Lewitbm and Fierce
<Q»ty. transacting business with
FARGO A CO'S., Express, leaving;
Lewiaton on Monday and arriving at Pierce i
^ity on Wedneaday, leaving Pierce i€(ity on !
Touraday and arriving at Lewiston o* 8atur-!
day of eaeh we«k 1-tf
Wholesale and Retail Dealers
H ave constantly on, hand a
large and complete atoek of
Dry Goods, Clotlilug,
1*4 Ml ta and Shoes, Groceries
rpo WHICH WK CALL THE ATTENTION
I. of the public. Knowing well the wants
of the people, we have endeavored to fill our
store with a stock of goods that will meet their
req u i rente n ta.
GOODS OF THE BEST QUALITY AND
Prices Very Low.
JOHN P. VOLLMER,
M r hole?ale and Retail Dealer in
OF AU KINDS.
.GENERAL ASSORTMENT OP DRY
.Goode, Clothing, Groceries, Crockery
Gins.ararc, Cutlery, Tobacco, Minera'
Goodi, Etc., Etc., Etc.
Lewiston, I. T., Get., 21,
Cures Rheumatism, strains, rlr and
For sweeny, «trains, old /<ves etc,,
VINCENT'S pat«yit liquid 4 M>np f<*r gin**,
paint, etc. Liquid tbaAtu-as .w«>h, *Un RED
HI G ERAD!>'ATO*t AND VAUN*SH, all j
J. K. yiNCBST.
He also cures bunions, corns and warts. lie 1
will sell any of the above fixtures in large !
or small quantities. Call and seo him at Lejr.- ,
Uton I. T. If not satisfied no (pay required.
C itirfireet, Ilcfevccn 3d And 411»,
LE WIST ON, I. T.
Feed, Livery ft Sals Stabk
//you jùfuvk-d-ijtieli aud no Air
stoeik Taken t$ R.a»ch,
B. A0J, BROOK.
LET VS HAVE A 6RADEÜ
Such is the murmur amoog that class
of citixens with whom the education of
their children is paramount above all
other considerations. Some of ooursc,
who are not blessed with children and
never expetft that blessing, may feel
tired of the oft repeated subject, turn
up their noses, if not already turned up,
aud contemptuously snarl M Oive us a
rest." Not so however with devoted
fathers aud loving mothers. They know
the value of an education and are apx
ious to give that to their offsprings as a
lasting inheritance, for gold and silver
may vanish from the grasp of the most
opulent, but education never fades nor
withers. We need a publie graded
school. Is it not said that because a
school is a public school, that any old
shanty and almost any system adopted
therein will meet the wauls of such
who attend public schools. Eradicate
that idea, for it is dangerous, Our pub
lic schools ought to be the best in the
land, the pride of the country and the
anchor of hope on which to oHaitj the
present and distant future of a glorious
republio* Private schools are not with
out their beneficence. They exist every
where, and will exist and fiourtsh tho'
our public schools wero built of gold
and costly stones, but our public schools
are the sinew of the country and the
strength of all nations whieb foster the
same. Eighteen thousand dollars would
erect a beautiful structure within the
city limits, aud if the school money now
paid out here aud there was properly
applied, competent teachers could be
obtaiued to make graded sbool systems
au astounding auucc-«, it behooves us
to agitate the matter, for an important
measure so necessary to the welfare of
the young should not lie dormant in the
bosoms of a few. We are all interested.
It is true, mere words build neither
schools nor open the Columbia river, but
there is nothing like agitating, Well
do we remember when our lamented
friend, Joe IJehnuth, fifteen years ago
exclaimed : "Boys let's buy an 'Injun,' "
Many laughed at first, others smiled
immediately thereafter, but agitation
and time not only gave us a fire Engine,
but mIko a magnificent steamer. Again,
when the project of building a railroad
from here to Walltila was first broached
by ('apt. John Mullen, there was no end
of derisioo, yet to-day we have as good
a railroad to the Columbia as one can
find anywhere on the Pacific coast, lu
the same manqer roads were built aqq i
\rx «->«• j
' "Ä Ad 1 *.
The above bold expression of policy
respecting public schools is metal of the
true ring. If tax payers will only use
a little reason (they cannot fail to fure
that ft* maintainanec of good !
public schools in a community adds val
! ue to every d/>llar of their taxable prop
f.erty in thatcomm un if y beside« the eh*.
j vated character it gives to all the cliil
( dreu resident there.
.HCII0OLS H WALLA WALLA
the report of the County Sup- f
' e» infeudent we clip the following :
! The schools of Walla Walla county
are in fair working order and will bear
j a favorable comparison with the com - 1
; mon schools of other States aud Terri- i
1 In the rural district* a much larger
per cent, of the student* attend school
than in the oity.
In the city of WaiU Walla theclerks
report 938 school children. The aver
age attendance ii not more than 280,
and perhaps less. The reason for this
is to be found in the iQsuffieieiiey of
house room and the limited number of
The schools are already overcrowded,
To place sixty or more students an one
teacher when there is schoolfund enough
on hand to pay an additional tetchier is
a ruinous economy,
Boise City, dm,, 1 1877.
Editor AvalaNch^U the early
dxys of California and the settlement of
Siskiyou County the Indian! in that
vicinity were hostile toward* the set
tiers, fortifying themselves |n a small
care on (Hamath river a few miles above
the ferry on the Mein California and
Oregon road, A large force of volun
teers organised at Cottonwood City and
started to dislodge the Indiane from
their strong hold, but after arriving
within a short distance of the cave the
Indians made the ettaek, killing sever
al and wounding others, then retreated
to their cave, The volunteers were
satisfied that their force wet insufficient.
They retreated and communicated their
defeat to the military f »fees in Beott'a
Valley, A company with field mortar
was dispatched from Scott's Valley to
co operate with the volunteers* After
shelling the cave for several day« they
became satisfied that the Indiana could
Qot be dislodged* so all withdrew leav
ing the Indiana masters of the field.
This was a state of affairs we had never
seen before; leaving the redskins to
boast over their victory* Knowing
that our old friend Charley Adams waa
lose ted at Clesrwater and married to
one of tho Nei Perce squaws, wo for
warded a note by an Indian to our
friend a* Lapwni asking him to bring
u* a company of Ne» Perce warriors to
take the cave. On the reoeiptof our
note Mr, Adams organised a oempany
and brought them to lfreka, but on
their arrival hostilities bad ceased tor
tho Indiuns were decoyed from their
cure and theii leading chiefs murdered
at the ferry. The No* Perce warrior«
went home* but Adams remained in our
cabin for two months* Circumstances
led to the discovery ot sold in Idaho.
Adams' squaw mode daily visits to our
placer claims aud seeing specimens of
i - * * ___. . ,, .r * ,
immensely rich. This iuduced us to
communicate her assertion to Captain
Pierce, Mr- Leonard, Jack Swart« and
a few other*. These men became satis
fied as well as myself that these oampe
were worth looking after. A company
was organised and left with Adama and
! family for the new goldfields, which
There are three thousand Smiths,
'Johns and othgrs. in New Jersy.
we did not find «s rich aa we antioipa
j ted. A Kanaka, who had been in the
; Hudson Bay employ for several years
, and stationed at old Fort Boise on this
i river, informed iu that be bald seen the
I Indians with specimens of gold repre
sent in-/ in have got them from our
neighboring hills, We oommunioated
these faot» to Jake Westenfelter end
#i»4 otJior companies «T Ora
These assertions led to the
discovery ot Florence and Waren« aa
well as the Boise Basin and other min
eral camps in our Territory.
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