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I. K WIST ON, NOltTU IDAHO. —........... o*OC>o —"------- — SATURDAY.........................JUNE lß. 1S77. WUAT WE PAY vs. PKI31E COST. giving items of cost <S:c. But we pro pose to submit a few things and leave every business man and financier to to judge if wo come far away from the facts. At present wo* pay in gold coiu $40 per ton for all up freight and $S per ton for wheat down. Wheat is the lowest class of down freight. Now as- ! aumiag that the river was open at the ! Cascades and Dalles so that boats could make the entire distance without change of cargo, every man knows that at least a good boat could with ease make a round trip between the two points once each week, or four trips per month. Now we will take a boat of 200 tons carrying capacity and let her be half freighted up the river and three-fourths freighted down the river, and suppose she receives $20 per ton up and $4 per ton down. The gross freight bill up would bo $2,000 and her gross freight bill down would be $300, making $2, 600 for the round trip, and four trips per month would be $10,400. This would be the amount of the receipts for freight alone, to say nothing for passage money. Now suppose we compute the cost of this month's work. The cost of tin construction of such a boat can not exceed $40,000. The interest on this sum at 2 percent per month which is a large interest, would amount to $800 for the mouth. Oapt. wages, $200; wages of 2d officer, $150; wages of engineer $150; wages of purser, $100; wages of ten subordinates at $30, $300; 200 cords of wood, $800; Provisions for officers and men, $300; oil et-cetera, $100, total cost $3,200. Subtract this from the freight income and we have the net earnings of such a boat for one month the snug sum of $7,200. We We do not suppose that wc could be quoted as full aud complete authority for proper and reasonable rates 0 f freighting on the Columbia and Snake rivers between this point and Portland, and perhaps some may not thank us for reasoning publicly upon the subject aud think wo have rated expenses high, and we doubt if the O. S. N. Company's books'to-day will show greater expenses for a month on any one of their boats on these upper rivers. Wo have placed , . freights at half present rates. It is ® r , true that their boats do not always run 1 freighted to the extent wo have given. But they soon would do so with freights reduced, under the calculation we have wade, on an investment of $40,000 the •company would get their 2 per cent per Mouth upon this sum and a monthly boat!» of $7,200 and all expenses paid. The people who produce and consume «ooüld get their freights at half presoht price* and the people of this upper «country could have a margin left with which to do something towards the im provement of tho country. We say then open tho river at the Casca'des and Dalles and wc will soon demonstrate the fact that we har« not under estimated the eost of freighting on these rivers Why should we pay 24 cents per bush el for carrying our wheat to Portia..!, a ! distance of 400 miles, while we only pay I Ji J 12 oents per bushel for carrying thence •Uè Liverpool a distance of 17,000 miles? ; The freighting men may see a satisfac tory reason for this or at least that; which is pleasiog to them. Hut like the irogs whom the boys in the ^ble stoned, the producers ami consumers say to the freighters: "What is profit, and sport to you is death to us." Na-1 ture has provided the Columbia the great river of the west, and its branches lock the channel and hold the key and demand tribute from every man who passed through. England to-day is ready to go to war io resist any attempt of Russia to close the straits of the Bos phorus to free navigation, and it will soon seeu ^ at people of this ! eastern section will, like England and ! with much more propriety, resist any j penetrating from the sea thousands of j miIes in,a nd as a naturaI outlet for the j products of the inhabitants border j * n S m ^ 10 valleys, and never designed I tliat at D T corporation of a few men should and all attempts to thwart the opening of the portages at Dalles and Cascades. FROM WAUHE\S, RICH QUARTZ. Robert Grostcin Esq. of Grostein & Binnard returned from Warrens on the 10th. He says that the train in going into that camp encountered very mud dy roads owing to the excessive rains. The business of the camp was brisk aud hopes bright for a prosperous mining season. In quartz ruining the men on the Charty had worked during the en tire Winter, obtaining their Winter supplies on credit. They had taken out between 200 and 300 tons of ore and had reduced enough of it in a hnnu morter and by its product had paid fur all their supplies, bought them a new wagon and team and harness and had Mr. G. says what ho saw money left of the quartz of Warrens on this trip has removed from his mind all skepti cism about the value of the quartz of that camp, that nearly every piece 0 f quartz he could take from the 200 tons and upwards at the charity seemed to be studded with gold visible to' the naked eye, that the ore he saw from the Bonanza appeared equally as rich if not richer in gold. He proposed to the Charity boys that he would pack their quartz to Lewiston on mules a dis tance of 130 miles if they would ship it to San Francisco for reduction, he to receive one fourth its gross product for said packing, aud this offer was re fused. Rates of packing up freight two cents down §r half freight his offer j would be based upon an estimated val- j uc of the ore at $130 per ton. That ] this ore is rich wo have other assuran- j cos, but the un practiced eye in inspect- J ing a pile of ore upon the dump which j discloses much gold upon the surface | will often over estimate its working val- j ue. It will be remembered that this is j tho ledge a small vug or cavity in which j workmen took out last Winter about ! $1,000 in loose gold. Tho mi tiers of; Warrens are impatiently waiting the ar- j rival of the men expected from the east ( to start up the Rescue. They want improved reduction works there aud men skilled to run them and save the are four cents per pound. If Mr. G. -, „ . , considers that he was to receive only 1 ! «•* <!««« diatricu on the coast. \Ve "1° f ;l ad i l r V onvcrt to tl.o fa.t!. m Mr. Grostein. Iheso converts Will be ni adoras fast as inen investigate the ; facts in relation to the district. ; j WAI7LOWA MAIL ROUIE, g ome time Vince a mail i route was pro j ected bv the De | partIuent f rom the Wallowa to this j plaCQ> The rout(3 a8 follows: From lowef WalloW£li to upp er Wallowa thence tQ Imnaha> thence via . mouth of Grand j Rondc to Waha p ra i rie) thence to Lew | i9t0Q< A s , )0rfc time siuce our post j mastur rccc i vc d a letter from the De | p Mt rnent enquiring about the practica j b jj| tY t j ie distances and advantages of j route to AV hi C h he replied after ob j ta ; n ; n ., a ji tbe information he could in relation thereto and intimated to the Department that the route had been in judiciously selected. He gave the dis tances about as follows: Prom lower to upper Wallowa 40 miles, from upper Wallowa to Iuinaha 20 miles, from Iur naha to mouth of Grand Bonde 50 miles from mouth of Grand Ronde to Waha Prairie 20 miles, from Waha Prairie to Lewiston 1G miles, total 146 miles. These distances in some cases may be over estimate 1, But the facts are that in coing from lower Wallowa to Iuinaha the route is aM the time going away from Lewiston and when Iuinaha is reached the distance thence to Lewiston is 20 miles, greater than to come direct ly from the lower Wallowa to Lewis ton, so that the whole proposed route from lower Wallowa via Imnaha to Lewiston is 80 miles further than to come direct from lower Wallowa via Grand Ronde crossing and the Assotin to Lewiston. This route should be changed so as to come via Grand Ronde crossing, old Assotin mill and the mouth of the Assotin to Lewiston, aud service ! should be Pf 0,1 this routc soun as P 0S!, ^°- I* c then could get all our j eastern mail by this route in IS hours ! less time than via Walla Walla as we mail, and at the now get our eastern | saDiC * 1U!e accommodate the \\ auovra j sctt.euient, the Assotin null settlement, I :Uld t ' lc settlement ou that creek near j' ts nioutb * Gver this entire route is a j S 00 ^ wa S on roa ^ constructed or a good j oatur:i1 with the exception of about a C0U G e of miles which can be opened at a comparative small cost and a stage can readily be placed on this route to carry both passengers and mail aud thus make our connection with Union Town in Grand Ronde Valley direct and save to us a distance of 85 miles which we and our mails travel via Wal la Walla. If these facts can be proper ly shown to the Department we are sat isfied that service would be ordered up on route, aud the enterprise of wboever should get the mail contract induce him to open it for a stage ^' ne * n a ve, 7 short time, " M ulT;x MA It RIED. JgX Es :—At the residence of bride's parents on Camas Prairie Jane 11th 1877, by J. Aram, J. 1\, Niort. S. Martin to Miss Jennie L. Jones. NOTICE. STÄ" ,- ri(h „ allegeA aban.loninent. Kc -ist 35 -iw iCc ' r ' U. S. Land Omca, I Lewiston I. T June Ö 1R77. j COMPLAINT HAVIN' i BEEN ENTERED at this office by JOSEPH I'ISCO against JOHN HARDIN for abandoning his Homestead Entry, No. 42, date 1 July 13 1S72, upon the BAIRD BROS., PROPRIETORS OF THE FLORENCE, WARRENS AND EUK CITY EXPRESS, Transacting business with WEI.l.S, PAR. CIO &■ CO'S., Express* Also carrying the U. S. Mail from Lewiston to the above named places, and intermediate points. Always Supplied With The Best Of horses, coaches and "accommodatin'' whips." Never Failing to Go Through on Time. TRANSPORTATION OP PASSENCERS, TREASURE COLLECTIONS, ORDERS Ac., M ade a specialty, and any and all business entrusted to them will hu attended to promptly. We are making seuii weekly trips to and from Lewiston, I. T., with stapes. Leaving Lewiston at 4 o'clock a. m., on Tuesdays and Saturdays, and leaving Mount Idaho at 7 o'clock A. w., on Monday's and Thursdays of each week. Making weekly con nections with the mining camps, Elk City, Florence and Warrens. The best of references given if required. 1-tf LAIRD 11ROS. T. S. BILLINGS ...DEALER IN... s^ioidi ..ie ïvÿ. STAGE AND FUGGY WHIPS, SPURS AND CURRYCOMBS, KIMBALL CHECKS, ROCKWELL PITS, And everything that is necessary to carry' on a first eht-s SADDLE AND HARNESS SHOP. Give him a call and satisfy yourself in re gard to the price and quality of his stock of new goods. 14-tf ESTABLISHED 1861 C. BALDWIN Wholesale und Retail Dealer in MERCHANDISE 34 tf LEWISTON. I. T. NVMMONS, In the District, Court of tho First Judicial Dis trict of Idaho Territory in an for the County of Ne* Perce. Bunker & Squicr plaintiffs, vs. W. A. ' Curry defendant. Action brought in the District Court of the .First Judicial District of Idaho Territory in and lor tho County of Ne* Perce and the coin plaint filed in said County of Nez Perce in tho office-of the clerk of said District Court. HE PEOPLE OF IDAHO TERRITORY send greeting to W. A. CURRY defendant. You are hereby required to appear in an action brought against you by the above named Plain tiffs in the District Court of the 1st Juyl. District of Idaho Territory in aud for the county of Nor. Perce and to answer the complaint filed therein, within ten days (exclusive of thé day of servie! after the service on you of this summons—if served within this county: or if served out of said county, but in this dirtrict, within twenty days;' otherwise, within 30 days or judgement by default will be taken against you, according to the prayer of said complaint. The said ac tion is brought to recover the sum of one hun dred and seventy seventy-five one huttdretbs dollars (.$170 75.) gold coin on a certain pr<«mi sery note, with interest in like gold coin from April 18th 1S72 at one per cent, per month un til paid, and for the further sum of thirty-eight twenty-five one hundreths dollars, ($38 25,1 gold coin, and f<>r costs of suit. And you arc hereby notified that if you fail to appear and answer the said complaint, as above required, the said plaintiffs will take judgement bv de fault for the sum of $2Si9 gold coiu with intcre.-t and cost* as set forth in said complaint. Given under my hand and the seal of the Dis —•—s trict Court of the First Judicial Id** j \ trict of Idaho Territory in and for \ * j the County of Nez Perce this 14 th '—■,—' .day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-seven. 11. SQUIER, 33-Sw Clerk.