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The teller. [volume] (Lewiston, North Idaho) 1876-1878, September 29, 1877, Image 2

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SATURDAY..............SEPTEMBER 29, 1S77.
state of Washington.
The Oregonian contaius an article
inferentially alleging that the vote of
the peoph of Washington territory at
the late election in favor of a state
government, was mainly due to the ef
forts of politicians seeking place. This
is a strange allegation coming from the
source it does, and made in view of the
fact that with one or two exceptions
the newspapers of that territory, ns well
as most of the political speakers in that
canvass, remained silent upon the ques
tion of state government during the en
tire canvass ; and we question whether
any measure ever suggested to the peo
ple of Washington, had less discussion
upon its merits and demerits, and there
fore the plainer inference is that the
majority of the people voted for the
measure from their deliberate convie
, . , , i
tions upon the Wisdom-of the measure, j
almost wholly uninfluenced by the e xer
tions of politicians. The IF. IF. Union
takes up the matter and predicts that
notwithstanding Oregon was admitted
with only 52,000 inhabitants into the
union of states, and Nevada with less
than 40,000; yet hereafter no territory
will ccme in as a state unless she has
the requisite population to entitle them
to a representative in Congress, and
that none ought to be admitted without
that population, ami therefore suggests
that the coming Legislature of Wash
ington fix the date of holding a conven
tion for framing a constitution so far in
the future as to ensure^ the boundaries
of the territory to possess the full requi
site of population. To us it seems no
more cogent reasons existed for the ad
mission of either Oregon or Nevada as
states of the .union, than now exist in
fuvor of admitting Washington as a
state with her 42,000 population. The
people of cither one of those »fates
were in no greater need of influence and
votes in Congress to procure aid in the
developement of their natural resources,
than is Washington at the present
day, and certainly neither one of those
states ever possessed better natural re
sources requiring developement than
does Washington. But these states are
now in the union with their represen
tative in Congress, and are in condition
to shape their own destiny. Why now
will they turn round and deny to
Washington similar advantages ? It
may be that tho Oregonian may think
that by keeping Washington out of the
union the Oregon delegation in Con
gress can control # legislation for Wash
ington to better suit the people of Ore
gon, and induce Congress to deal to
Washington with a sparing hand,
while Oregon herself receives the
lion's shares. Has not the legislation
of the past few years shown conclusive
ly this advantage of Oregon over
Washington? We think it has, and
we further think that every true
Washingtonian has felt tho force of
this advantage Hence the* vote for
a state government. But why in all
reason doe» our neighbor of the Union
echo the sentiment of the Oregonian
upon this question, if he be working
far the true interests of Washington.
^ ia not forgottoo that he has been
5 dfcL'r' E 55
one of those in Walla Walla county
•who for sonic time past have been urg
; ing that Walla Walla and Columbia
i counties should slough ofT from Wash-1
ington and go to Oregon. Here then
tnust be the "milk in the cocoanut," or
the reason for urging a delay in the
time for holding a convention to form
constitution fur the new state of
U ashington. A delay would be in the
Oregon interest and not in that of
Y\ a> hingt on nor in that of any other
territory on this coast needing repre
sputation in Congress. North Idaho is
deeply interested in this state govern-j
ment question, and anything and
everything which delays the early de
_ .
i and a good many wounded. nothing to eat
j for two days. We marched 00 miles to!
sthke Hie Indians. Our horses were worn

vel ope aient c Lastein \\ ashington,
injures North Idaho.
- ..... ...... „„î,,
The Xex l*ercc War.
Fort Fim Sont i7~ T) „ rr .u_ • •
foRT Elus, Sept. 1,._ The following is
just received, ci, «ted "Near Yellowstone,
Sept. 16'': U'e have just had a hard fight
i , ,, j
with tlie pz Perces, lasting nearly all day
We killed and wounded a good ninny mid
captured several hundred of stock. Re
ports not in yet ; can't say what our loss
is. but it is considerable." Several killed
out. Tin* Indians stuck well to the rocks
hilt we drove them out for sev< ral miles.
[Signed] Stoiiois.
In addition Gen. Frost reports that the
Gijows brought in to the agency on the).
l.'itll 100 head of Xez Perce ponies; that
several Crows started out at once to assist
.Sturgis, [Signed] Renham, Cornd'g.
The Gibbons Fight.
The official report to Gen. Sheridan
of the battle at Big Hole with the Niz
Peirces, shows the killing of 29 and
wounding of 40 of Gibbons command,
also the finding of 89 dead bodies of
Indians on tho field of battle. The
correspondence of Sutherland of the
P. Standard, mentions the escape of
one Irwin from the hostiles who re
ports that they had 21G fighting bucks,
besides squaws and boys who are armed.
That Wallowa Joseph is supplanted in
command by Poker Joe, and made to
do drudgery about camp like a squaw.
Poker Joe is c »Ile 1 by some Joe Hale,
and is acquainted with several white
citizens ol Montana, and claims to own
a house and lot at Virginia City and
sent word to one Kenedy to look after
his property, that the Indians were
well supplied with provisi ms, robes
and blankets, skins and ammunition - ,
that they have, as a prisoner, an old
California miner named John Shively,
who is retained as a guide and is close
ly watched. That Poker Joo had sent
messengers to the Crows to induoe them
to join with him in tho war, and if
they should do so ho expected to be
able to clean out the troops and get
heaps of things, aud that it was duo to
the humanity of Poker Joe that the
Cowan captives taken in the Natioual
Park were permitted to escape.
The Walla Walla Union has the
Change of Commanders Proposed.—T he
following dispatch from Gen. Sheridan to
Gen. Sherman, which tnc latter kindly per
mitted ns to capy does not require com
ment. Like all of Sheridan's dispatches,
very clear, and pointed. It is as fol
it is
Chicago, Sent. 19th, 1877.
Gkn. W. T. Sherman, Walla Walla, W. :
T-—Your dispatch received. Glad to here j
from you. It looks as if Sturgis and San- i
ford, followed up by Howard, Hart and '
Merrit, who are in the vicinity, should ex
terminate Joseph before long or cause bis
surrender. If they do not. I think we had
better send for Madam Potiphar and give
her the job. P. II. Sueridan,
Lieutenant General.
The Bozeman !limes of the Gth says
that many of tb* Crow acouu who
; were acting under Lieut. Doane,
deserted and were thought to have
joined the Nez Perces.
r, hat the set
tiers in the Yellowstone valley had sur
tered much from the hostiles, and were
j threatened with extinction if they did
( not get out of the way, that the policy
j of the hostiles was to avoid Howard
j aud Sturgis and only fight them when
; forced to do so, unless they should T
! reinforced by the Crows. The
! paper says "Gen. Howard has be
j superceded by Col. Gilbert of ! o 1
Shaw." Howard telegraphs t • Keii.r
at San Francisco as follows :
the Tndi-in<j «sonn
^ 1,1UUU13 - UH1 -
Clark's Fork., Sept. 12th.
, 7 o Keeler acting Adjutant Gen.—
j qq )C dispatch concerning Gen. Sherman
. 1 .
lias just been received; will forward !
: his dispatches by mail. He suggested
I that if I was tired, I might put an en
. . L. ,
ergetic ofheer in my place. 1 reported 1
' . t . i p i p-ty, . • 1
that I was not tired. Col. Gilbert is
, following me, seventy miles in the
fr°ni Gen. Sherman. I hope to Strike
rear, and has a letter, not yet seen
O. O. Howard."
manage to keep his seventy miles dis
c , , ,,
tm f Gl,bert * ,lG C!in P^'biibly
avoid seeing the contents of that letter.
Query? What may be the contents j
of that unseen letter ? If Howard can |
Reasons Why.
Lewiston Sept. 27th 1877.
Ed. Teller.— Brig. Gen. O. O. How
ard Corn. Dept, of the Columbia had
a fight with the Nez Perce Indians.
His force was small. He has kept on
the tr ill ever since, and has driven the
Uidiars out of Idaho into Montana.
The Indians know he means fight am
keep well in advance of him. Col.
John Gibbon had a fight with these In
diatts and claimed a great victory. Ifit
was such, why did he not follow it. up.
w;.y did he allow them to e.-cane?
Co'. Samuel D. Sturgis 7th Cavalry on
the afternoon of Sept. 13th struck the
Indians on the \ ellowstone near the
mouth ot Clarks Fork. On the morning
'f Sept 14th Sturgis and Capt. Sanford
'tad a fight with the Indians
Canon Creek In these two
days fight a large number of Indian
horses wore captured, a large number
both of soldiers and hostile Indians
were placed Hors du combat. In the
afternoon the Indians outflanked Stur
uis and escaped, but liko a true soldier
he followed them tip all day of Sept,
loth, oame up with them on the morn
ing of Sept. 1 Gth near Yellowstone and
fought them nearly all day with
great loss on both sides. The question
is asked by many, why take so long to
whip so few Indians? The answer
usually given is that. Ilowutd is not a
g'Hul Indian tighter. My opinion is
that Howard has done as well as any
one ever did or could do. He has big
faults as all have, but is not responsible
for lack of success. He is ordered to
put Joseph on a reservation without
first giving him force Enough to carry
out the order. H .ward put too much
confidence in Joseph's promise t..go on

I j
** reaer 1 va,i ?"; »"<* I)»* <0 ' ».»..J i
O timers the right to issue im'.hts in 111 » j
name, so that instead of otic h
are many. 1 Itese beads do not work
together, each being independent of
flte other. Indian scouts ( that should
never be truste 1) are u.-ei to do the
duty that Cavalry are organized lor;
i. e., to reconoitor and find out where
the Indians are, and then hold them
back until tho Infantry can come up.
The Cavalry a< at present used iu In
dian warfare only prolongs the hostili
ties as they make a clash on the I n j
and scatter them, unable to eaJ^
them. They are poor Cavalrymen.!
d — à bad Infantry. Their £*
won't stand fire, and the men are
shots. It cannot be otherwise - ^°° r
"f the horses have been purchased «V
the outbreak, besides most of th e ' C *
are recruits. It is reported that G
Howard said "there is somethin«
with the Cavalry. I don't know *2
it is. 1 wish their horses would dis *
he killed, and then I would km»
whether it. is the fault of the horses,
the men." At the Whitebird cany,'!
fi jif. Joseph said that they sent nothin!
but boys to fight the Cavalry, hut now
the Infantry were coming he won]]
have to send his men and old warrior«
No victories were gained by Gen
Crook or the Cavalry against Sittin®
Bull. Col. Miles, with the Infantry
------ y ....... * ,,c *'"untrv
! whipped him and drove hint into Brit
Possessions. So " 1
J oS °pb, he keeps fly
and his Infantry cole
1 IU) " T0 PRK ' KST T,toL '
i*Ji Possessions. So it has been with
Joseph, he keeps flying front Howard
1st make no more treaties with them,
d. Abolish all reservations. 3d. Give
each male Indian a patent f..r lfiij
acres of la d anywhere lie wants it on
government lands. The patent not
frati-ferable for twenty years, and not
to be taxed for same lenghth of tine
j by eit er United States, state or Lea!
| authorities. 4th. Consider them citizens
of the United States from ; me of
delivering them tho land patent,
'without the formalities of renouncing
their tribal relations. 5th. See that
crimes committed against them by
whites are properly recognized by the
courts, and punish lawless whites ami
Indians alike. Gth. have the Army
carry out the foregoing rules.
Justice s views are logical and
worthy of consideration. Ed.
An Old Lewis'!ohianT—EYB. Waterbary,
E-q , formerly a member of tho Legislative
Council of Idaho, and now a meroner ofth/
Council of Montana, writes ns from Clear
Creek of date Sept. 1st as follows :
"We ba l a sni ill touch of Nez Perces a
while ago here, but they got away from
1 he boys and went it killing bv way of
Pleasant \ alley, Henry Lake to Wind river.
I do not think we Idled over fifteen bucks,
fuit quiie a lor of squaws rind bins went
under. 1 hat fellow Howard won't do to
He to as a commander. He hunts for In
dians and prays not to find them. He
ought to resign us army officer and join
the Quakers. He has camped and camped
from twelve to fifteen miles in their rear a
dozen times, with horses in splendid con
dition. He shows a greater eagerness to
turn loose on the settlers than on the Ind
ia ns."
Tn the District Courtof the Fir^ Judicial Pis
triot ol IJaho Territory in and for the County
of Ne» Perce.
Loewcnberg Bros, plaintiffs, vs. Sami. Phinner
et ill, defendants.
Action brought in the District Court or the
first Judicial District of Idaho Territory in
and for the County of Nes Perce in the office of
the clerk of said District Court.
I send greeting to SAMUEL PIIIXNEY, W.
. < ILKA and W . A. O A LD WELL, defendants.
^ <>ii are hereby required to appear in an action
brought against you Ly the above-named Plain
09s in the District. Court of tho First Judicial
District of Idaho Territory in and for the Coun
ty of Xez l'eree and to answer tho oomplaint
filed therein, within 'en days (exclusive of the
day of service) utter the service un you of this
uummns—p served within this county : or if
served out of this county, but in this district,
within twentyjlavs ; otherwise, within thirty
days or judgment by default will be taken
against you, aoeording to the prayer of said
complaint. '1 he said action is brought to re
cover on a certain promissory note the sum of
terest at one and one-half percent, per mouth
Iroiu August 23 187Ô and for costs of suit.
And you are hereby notified that if you fail t*
appearand answer said complaint, as above re
quireu, the said plaintiffs will take judgment for
the sum of four hundred dollars, i$M0) gold
0 "in with interest and Costs as set forth in said
Given ui.der mv hand and the seal of theDis
' ■* trict Court of the First Judicial Dis
1 seal ^ * r ' ct ^'* H ho Territory in and for
t I tho Counfy of N<*i Perce this 6th day
- of June in the year of our Lord on»
thousand eight hundred and seventy-seven.

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