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I.SWIMTüX, NORTH IDAHO. S\TURDAY.............. NOVEMBER in. 1877 N. P. R. R. It was telegraphed lust Winter that the bill for the extension of time to build the N. P. Railroad then before Congres* had a proviso for changing the route through [da 10 . What change was proposed we have never learned, having never seen the bill. Since we now learn that efforts are being made to have the branch road diverge from the main line at Wallula instead of the Pen de'Orille Lake, it leads us to hofiß that the company, contemplate building along the more direct route via Clear water, rather than via the circuitous route of the Pen de'Orille. The direct route will be shorter by about 125 miles and the grades easier and with much better road bed. By the Clear water route it will strike the middle fork of that stream and follow down to tne Snake, thence down Snake to the C duu^hia, and have an easy grade all the way. Better timber lands will lie ul mg this rou'e and more accessible in the mountains, and better agricultural lands will lie alotij* the route after the road leaves »lie mountains on the west side. The Lo Lo of the Bitter Root furnishes a good grade to ascend tlm su n nit of the siddle of that range op positc a tributary of the middle fork of Clen-witer which also furnishes u good grade to descend to the middle fork This toute crosses the present Nez Perce reservation, which it is to be hoped will soon be a tiling of the past, and the lands open for settlement in some form. If the company shoubi 1 ■ Cate upon this route and their grant <d lands he subject to the limit of $2 50 per acre, and bo sold by the govern nient, the company would be the recipi ent of a I trg* revenue from the present reservation laud so soon as thrown open to sett lenient, much sooner thau upon Buy other route. ( Gen Howard. The S. era men to Union Record in speaking of Gen. Howard says : While we have carefully refrained from joining in the chorus of clamorous fault-finders who pursued t^is officer almost from tl o beginning, and dis counted his failures in abuse before they had occurred, it is tolerably evi dent now that he was not the right man in the right p'ace in the Nez P^rce war. and that had it not been for the energy and persistence of Colonel Miles, the Indians would almost certain ly have be«*n on the warpath yet. \V hile disposed to make every allowance for the «cantines* of his equipment and the difficulties of the pursuit, the fac; seems indisputable that Howard signally f'iled where his subordinates have sue -oeeded. and that this success was not due to any sagacity or previsiuu oo bis part. To the point. (Ed.) A New Order.—A n order has lately is«ued from the W ar Department al lowing 20 ball cartriges per man, per month for target practice, and the arm ing civil employées of the army in ca«es of emergency, for the protection of life and publio property. On the Indian frontier this order should be extended to the arming of resident citizens for their protection against sudden and uu •xpeeled raids of hostile Indiana. Returned From the War. On Saturday about. GO employees who went across the Lo Lo trail with Howard, returned to Lewiston with about 170 animals. They seem glad to get back although most of them say they have had a good and easy time, save for a frw days when encountering cold and storms. They have been well fed with the substantial» of lile and generally have had plenty of clothing to keep them comfutablt*. They give Howard the credit of making as good and full provision fir the sustenance and comfort ol his men as could have been made under the circumstances. Bu'. on the question of Howard's want ing to overtake and fight the Indians their opinions widely d fier, and each has his own story to tell, and his own peculiar reasons to assign for li is opinions formed from his own peculiar stand point, and conception he then formed of what might have been done in certain cases. Wo would like much to have each of these men tell his unvarnished tale to G oi Sherman, or any oihpr old soldier and then let him as a military ntan judge of the efficiency of Howard as a commander of an expedition «gains' hostile Indians. Frontiersmen of com mon intellect, judging from 'hings from their stand point, and with the use of a lair amount of common sense are apt to come to as correct conclusions as many others who have had the advantages of a good military education hut seen but little service among hostile Indians. Howard's J crsonal bravery none seem to question, but of bis skill aud effi eicney as a commander many express their unqualified condemnation. Annexation. The. IF. IF. Statesman h as ex pressed itself in favor of including the northern counties of Idaho in the houn daries of th : new state of Washington. Glad to know that friend Newell has become a vakened to the importance of this annexation, and we hope that he has lost h's original love for going to ( )regon. Let us have the state of Wash iug'on is soon as may be. At the pres ent the rush of people to Eastern W ashingti'ii and North Idaho, would promise, if continued for any length ot »ime, to soon give the requisite popuja ri"n to entitle an adminission under the rule, and we do not foresee arty cause to diminish the tide of immigration to this ? ectioo of country, but many to in crease this tide. Rushing Towards Idaho. The »IF. IF. Union say* that a lot of Lawyers, editors, metchnnts, capital bts. si loon keepers, hankers and police men. awhile since took up f ries on the mirth sine of Snake river just bolow Lcw ston, ami recently am thi r lit of mer chants. landlor Is printers stageuien.bar bers and surveyors have taken up farms on the south side of the Snake nearly op posite the fir-t trn ntionad. They come as near th » Idaho liue as possible, and wou'd be glad to cross it could they feel assured that the new state of Wash ington would embrace North Idaho, for the North Idaho land is better. Approximating. —I mm jurants »till continue to pour iuto the country. At the present rate of progress, another «ix months will give us pupulatioo enough to fairly claim admission as a ►Ute. — IF IF Statesman Northern Pacific. On the 30th ult., an argument was made before the secretary of the Intcri- i or by Grey, an attorney of the N. P. R R. Co., in favor of a proposition to change the route of their branch road | , , . w , so as to leave the mam line at Wal'ala. j »hence direct to Tacoma, instead of the| present route from Pen de'Orille Lake direct to the Sound. If the proposition he granted, it will restore to the public . . , , j domain for preemption and homestead i ....... c........ i __ _ i>..ic . entries about five and one half millio acres of land, and reserve in lieu there of almut two million acres for the use of the company. Delegate Jacobs of Washington Territory made an argu ment against the proposition, upon what grounds wo kri"W not. Cascade Canal. —Col. Wilson the engineer, the Standard and Oregonian both s y. has received a dispatch from the Secretary of War »approving his plans and specificitions for the canal and locks af the Cascades of the Colum Ida, with order to purchase the land where the work is to be done. This indicates the purpose of the government to commence ami progress this work, and all the people of this upper country will say amen, and breathe with more ease, as their pent up and stifling condi tion is b ing removed. Affray.— The Walla Walla paper« mention an affray between M. P Roll and bis s»>n. and a Mr. Bowman, at Pendleton Orpgon. Tt seems that Bow man fad made some improper advances to Mrs. Bull and daughter, whereupon the husband and son attempted to chas tise him with a cane, Bowman resisted with a knife and cut Bull and his son very severely. Bowman was arrested and held t » bail in the sum of $1.500 for his appearance to answer. Bull was formerly editor of the East Ore goruan. Congress. This body has been in session for nearly three weck«. It, has effected » complete organization, by the election of speaker of the house, clerks, etc. and the apppointment of committees Fenn of Idaho is on the committee on Indian Affairs nod his knowledge <V Indian matters ought to render him a valuable member of that committee But as a deleg te he has no vote. The telegraph says thy j revai ing opinion is that the committee on Pacific Railroad is antisubsidy. A very large number of hills have been intic.duced, H5D wer« introduced on the 30th ult, many of them of a private nature, and some of them duplicates of each other. On army appropriations on the 30th ult 'he bouse committee on appr priations considered appropriations for the army and it was expected a hill would he re ported from the committee within two days. Not Fatal But Catching.—W< learn of a new disease which ha* sprung up and is prevalent all over Oregon and Lottie part* of Washington Territory. They call it the Palouse fever. It is not fatal but catching.— Watchman. More Charges.— The following tel egram dated Wallula Nov. l*t, explains itself : A« soon as wo commence u«ing our new wharf boat we shall charge 25 cents p t r ton wharfage on up freight, and 50 cents per ton on all down freights. T.J Peabody, Agsnt O. P. N. Co.- Union. A General Whines. We reprint from the Oregonian the following said to he a dispatch from Chicago dated Nov. 26 : In conversation with a reporter Gen. to l^ )War< ^ pa '^ * ^ have had much grieve me. J he government has seen fif roh me of a ) ar>:e 8llln of < a „ ( i j have been too poor to prosecute v r..... ' »ov ' uit? my claims, and my countrymen have »o'en fit to heap nothing hut abuse upon pon me. They teem to have arraigned me before the country as some sort of a DCTore me country a» some sort or a politlcian . The only politics I have •' . . i i . . _ is to be loyal to my government. I have been blamed for writing f *r news papers. I have never written a line for self-laudation nr tor notoriety, I have written articles tor money, in or der that l tt ight put shoes upon the feet of my children. I don't know why I should he so abused and ma ligned. hut I suppose it will he kept up until I am dead, and after 1 am gone I hope that my children at least, if no body else does, will be aide to see what good, if any. was in yic." 4i Pity the sorrows." Will not the ova tion a vailing him from the sycophantic luminaries of Port laud bring some re lief to the sufferer ? Restoration to the Wallowa.— The JV. Y. Sun advocates the restora tion of the Wallowa valley to J< seph by the government, and as reasons as signs a* facts, things not so. It would appear that what the Sun knows about »he causes of the late war and the inner life of Joseph and his bind, would make on y a very small book. T>T KIT. At Albany Ogn., on the 29th ult., Berte, the youngest .< n of Frank and Lizzie Redfield, formerly of this p'ace. MARR1FD. In this city Nov. 5th by I). J. Warner, P. J. Fli Coder of Mt. Idaho, f» Miss Molli» Strauch of Fayette County Penn. Ad m in it t raters Notice. Instate of Harry Mason, Dcccascti. ]\TOTICE IP HEREBY GIVEN BY TUB iw undersigned Administrator ol the estate of Harry H. Mamin, decease I, to the creditors of and all persons having claims against the said deceased, t<> exhibit the same with the neecssary vouchers within ten i»»ntba after the first pub lication of this notice, to the nndersigned Ad ministrator at his residence on Camas Prairie Idaho, Co., I. T. Joseph Jewell, Administrator. Mt. Idaho I. T. Not. 1st 1877. 2 3-lw 1IA1RD BROS, PROPRIETORS OF TUB FLORENCE,WARRENS AND KLK CITY EXPR ESS, Transacting business with W RM S, FAR ^ t'0*Si, Express. Also carrying Che U. î>. Mail from Lewiston to the above named places, and intermediate points. Always Supplied With The Best Of horses, coaches and "accommodating whips." Never KaUiug to Go Through ou Time. TRANSPORTATION OF PASSENGERS, TREASURE COLLECTIONS, ORDEHS Ae.„ M ade a specialty, and any and all business entrusted to them will be attended to promptly. We are making semi weekly trips to and from Lewiston, I. T., with stases. Leaving Lewiston at 4 o'clock a. u., on Tuesdays and Saturdays, and leaving Mount Idaho at 7 o'clock a. m., on Monday? and Thursdays of each week. Making weektycon nections with the mining camps. Elk City» Florence and Warrens. The best ef reference* given if required. BAIRD BBOft.