LEWISTON, NORTH IDAHO.
SATURDAY...............DECEMBER 8 1877.
At the iubtance of many persons in
terested, we have printed and sent out
to the several precincts of the Northern
counties of Idaho, copies of a petition
for annexation to Washington Territory.
Much of it is a reprint of the petition
sent forward in 1875, which was then
so extensively signed by our citizens.
It makes a slight alteration in bounda
ries, by leaving out all of Lemhi coun
ty and embracing the unorganized dis
triot north which is attached to Nez
Perce county, lor county and judicial
purposes. The same causes for annex
ation exist now that existed in 1S75
and are set forth in the petition. Oth
ers could have been assigned, such as I
the immediate prospect of Washington 1
becoming a state and the gross neglect
of the people of Southern Idaho in sup- !
plying us with our quota of arms and
ammunition in the time of our greatest j
peril, after we had made demand for!
them, assigning as a reason for this neg
lect that we were too far off from Boise ;
City the capital of our territory. Still oth- 1
er grievances are imposed upon us from I
the south which tend greatly to retard !
our growth and prosperity, besides those !
enumerated in tho petition. The only !
objection which our southern brethern
can urge against our wishes arc the
mortification of their fictitious pride In
having the area of Idaho reduced and
their loss of tribute which wo annually
pay to them, for which we get iu return
comparatively no benefits. Not tv man
in South Idaho, but who knows, if lie
knows anything of our isolated position
Irom the southern counties, and
Irom the southern counties, and our
proximity to the counties of Eastern
Washington, that every man, woman
and ohild in North Idaho would be
greatly benefitted personally as a resi
dent of what is now North Idaho,
by a transfer to the jurisdiction of
Washington, whether under the form of
state or territorial government. Hence
the greatest good to tho people to be
governed is the object sought by the
change, and neither tho republican or
democratic party dare admit any other
doctrine under our form of government,
and hence further this annexation ques
tion is no party question, nor can it
justly be made oue. Let all sign this
petition without delay, whether or not
their names were attached to any former
petition. This will subserve the object
ol a fresh appeal to Congress for our
rights. Congress has full power to
make the changes even before the con
stitution of Washington including us
within its boundaries be presented for
the admission of Washington as a state.
Delegate Jacobs of Washington, stands
pledged in favor of this change. Dele
gate Fenn so far as these northern
counties are concerned, has been elected
twice upon that issue. The Statesman
has tried to impeach him upon the
question in the south, but so far it lias
most signally failed to do so, and hence
we ean see no reason to believe that he
will not reflect the sentiment of our
people upou this question on the floor
of Congress, and with both these dele
gates backed by the people of both
Washington and North Idaho, favorin
the measure, Congress ought to grant
the favor speedily and thus permit us to
go to Washington at once and enjoy full
ri'dits with the other porti-.-us of that
territory iu framing tho state cormtitu- j
. *-ion oui f . e king early admission as a j
! state of the Union. But should the j
I measure fail of passage, we shall con
j tiuue our importunities so long as the
j present natural barriers exist between
us and South Idaho. This is the pre
| vailing sentiment among our people
j and the sxioner Congress and South
! Idaho understand this the better for all
Tfie Malian Road.
The Mullan wagon road which, up
to the present time, has cost the govern
! ment 9350,000 has beeu of hut little
! practical benefit to the people, for the
j reason that it was located and construct
! cd over a country subject to deep snows
j aud excessive rains, and floods of the
streams, where men will not settle, and
hence the annual expense of keeping
the road ia passable repair since its
first construction would be greater than
ail the advantages to be derived from
the road. Gen. Sherman passed over
it last season with the aid of about 30
axrnen. Before he started across it he
told the people of Missoula that the
road ought to be kept open. What he
may think since, we know not. The
Missoulian thinks the route should be
changed, and the road built near the
Peu de Grille Lake, it built at all.
There is importance in having a wagon
road through to Montana in a military
point of view and lor facilitating the
transit of a few emigrants to and fro
transit of a few emigrants to and fro
between the east midwest side of the
Bitter Boot range, but nothing short
o. a railway will induce much commerce
over the road. The same may be said
of the Lo Lo trail, and we think the
same may be said of the contemplated
military road between Fort Boise and
Fort Lapwai, for which John Hailey
asked Congress to appropriate 980,000,
and which request delegate Fenn has
repeated by another bill introduced.
In the first place no 880,000 will build
the load, and when built it will never
become a commercial thoroughfare be
tween North and South Idaho. Near
ly one hundred miles of the distance is
over very high ground and where set
tlements will not be made, and the ex
pense of keeping it in repair annualiv
will not be equalled by its advantages
to the travel. Better give the appro
priation to the Wallowa route and make
a road that can be used to advantage.
U ma i ill.v Lns ERVATiON. —Senator
Mitchell has introduced a bill iu the
senate providing for throwing open the
Umatilla lleservation to settlement by
both whites.and Indians and for the
removal of those Indians who do not
choose to take up lands ia severalty aud
secure title to them, aud further pro
vides that 20 per ceut of the money
arising from the sale of these lands
shall go to the education of the Indian
mnl .rcn. This is a step in the right
Whining Thanks. -The Boise Statt», nan
devoted much of its issue Thanksgiving
morning at whining towards the Grand
Jury for upholding Judge Hollister and
ignoring the charges prefered against him
hy the Statesman. Kelly's Thanksgiving
turkey could not have beeu as well cooked
as his goose.
IT. A. Vansyekle appears in
IF. Union with some very sensi
,, , , , . t i
hie remar us upon the subject of an in- .
<F: u Territory in the region of Colville.,
„ ^ J t
' 0 "* j
Certain merchants of the Israel itish i
persuasion, having valuable ---------,
iu suid Colville Valley, .ad being ^ |
birous of disposing of the same to "Uu-j
cle Sam," are loudest in their advocacy
of this aforesaid plan ; and having a
very keen appetite for government con
tracts, would not hesitate to advocate
tllO employment of U military force to
•11 • . XV . AT ,1 !
" an y. Pj an 1,1 lJJ chect. ^ A OW^ lie
carry said pi _ ____ _______ _
question is, do we want an Indian Ter
ritory bad enough to ruu the risk of
precipitating the country into a bloody
and disastrous Indian war? You may
not think that it amounts to this, but
it does. The Spokane tribe and a few
Indians besides, now resident at the,
Colville Agency, will favor the measure,
because they are witbin the bounds of
said territory, and would not have to •
move, but ail of the other tribes will
most bitterly oppose it. I am not an
Indian Agent, attachée or personal
follower thereof, neither am I a so-called
"assinine philanthropist," but I have
dwelt nearly twenty years in this Indi
an country, and have seen the workings
of several Indian policies and schemes,
oil of Wii.ch have proved most miserable
humbugs. Both "the Indians and gov
ernment have been fearfully robbed
an 1 plundered. We have had several
large reservations, plenty of agents and
agencies ; but the Indians have alwavs
roamed at will over the country. We
have managed to live and prosper with
the Indian.- among us. Therefore, rat ti
er than incur the risk of an Indian war,
with ail its horrible consequences, I say,
let the Indians alone, give each head
of a family a homestead, wherever they
of a family a homestead, wherever they
may select the same ou the public do
main; then throw open the reserva
tions, (those "robber's roosts" that
have caused all the Indian troubles) to
settlement, leaving the Indian to "root
hog or die," like "any other man/' and
all trouble will cease.
YnnrU,H. 1« , 1 V xi - v
luur head IS level \ an., on the Inch- j
for a period of years •liter i
1 . u ui yu.r.s .liter pa
tent, exempt it from taxation
if you choose for the same length of
time, and the government will soon find
that whites aud Indians can live side
by side, cultivate their lands, and the
Indian suffer far less robbery than he
now does from the present agency and
Portland aid to Leuisiou.
Me hope for tie fair fame and good name
of I ortland that this charge is, to Bay the
least, overdrawn.— IF. IF. Union.
Id you need proof, ask the Mayor and
Common Council of Lewiston if they
e\er received any of this money or even
as much as one guu or cartrige, paid
for by this money. Brayman refused
us guns, Howard refused us guus, his
subordinates refused us guns, save a
few issued oue night when the govern
ment property in this city was iu dan
g r aud no troops here to defend it.
They were called in the next day.
Lewiston to day could not properly arm
a dozen men with guus they have at
T here will re a ciirlstmas trff ■
Rt the new school room of Mrs. M 't nidi '
lv. All aro cor bally invited to ,,,,/••* j
the festivities of tlie occasion » |
friends ol tho children will pic Je see thii/ a,Sta
are forgotten bv old g \NT D rilîîa 1 «rï® 1
presents c m be left at the school Th * !
time between this amPiCfaristmas Eve and theî '
will be pr.iperly arranged on the tree/ " j
Mrs. M. S. Ridglet.
Mrs. Fannie Poe.
Tehp.ttory op InAm, ,
County of Nez Perce. [ * 8
i In the District Court for the Territory .
. First judicial District. 7 fId * h «
J. M. Crooks Plaintiff vs. Samuel Phinney ni)
t A. Curry, defendants. a
j To Samuel Phinney and W. A. Curry'
-js THE NAME OF the people of tr*
t United States in the Territory of
' T ou aro hereby notified that there is now ° :
e in tho office of the Clerk of the DuJ"
mrt of the l.-t Judicial District of said Terr *
tory, in Lewiston county of Nez Perce the con!'
plaint of J. M. CROOKS, demanding
ment against you for the sum of thirteen hund
red and fifty seven and fifty ono-hundreths dol
lars. money due upon a promissory note bear
'Lite of Sept. 17th 1875, with interest at 19
— --------... iU1 ,
^^'ThoTfflc. °„f " CteÂ'îù* DhM*
Court of the l.-t Judicial District of said T •
*..... T —v ~ erTt
„ , ,........ uear
injï date of Sept, ltth 1875, with interest atII
per cent, per annum, and for costs of Bn u
And that unless you appear and answer to sail
complaint within ten days after the servie
hereof, if served within Nez Perce County, an.
within twenty days if served out of said count
----- vuuri , uaT e nereuni
J REAL 1 set my hand and affixed the seal I
\_ ' / lili Rl nrt il , I ' e A wi '^ on . D this 13t
By d. j. Warner,
m' • — - — V utud county
but within said Judicial District, and within
thirty days if served out of said District (exclu
sive of the day of service), judgement will be
taken against you by default.
Ingestimeny whereof, I, H. Squier Clerk ol
-* A said District Court, hare hereuntt
' d an ' " -
Clerk of the District Court
A SELECT 8CIÎOOI
W ILL OPEN ON MONDAY, DEC. 3D
in the building lately known as the arm'
Tuition, in English branches per month...$3 0
Children under ten years of age " 2 0 1
Drawing............................... « ......j g.
Needle work.......................... *« ...... j 51
Calisthenics........................... *« ...... 2 (|i
Music................................... " 5 pi
A reduction will he made for drawing to pu
pils attending the school.
Roys under ten years of age will be receive'
The class in needle work will meet Mondai
and Friday at 2 o'clock.
The class in calisthenics will meet Mondai
and Thursday evenings at 7 o'clock.
AH l»EU» I» paid monthly.
For particulars apply at the building 0 ;
address. Mrs. M. 8 . Ridgi.by,
Lewiston I. T.
ifl 11 - E - McCLELLAN, HEREBY GIV
JJ notice that he will visit Lewiston, prof
sionally, on Tuesday .............. ......
and may be found at the Post Office betwi
f each and every wee
the hours of 11 a. m. and 2 v. nr. Also that
w,11 . , ] u,î i (1 u himîielf s »hUct to ©alia for his servi
a t all other times at. Fort Lapwai I. T
December 1st 1877.
J- w. POE,
AND DISTRICT ATTORNEY
For 1 st Judicial District. Office in Clarl
block 3d street Lewiston. I. T. Will attend
business before the Laud Office.
PROPRIETORS OF TIIE
FLORENCE, WARREN SAN
E X PE ESS,
„ Transacting business with WELLS, FAI
LC) tw CO'S., Express. Also carrying the
b. A, ail irom Lewiston to the above nain
places, and intermediate points.
Always Slip lied With The Bei
Of horses, coaches and "accommodatii
Whips." Never Falling to Go Throus
on Time.- **
COLLECTIONS, ORDERS Ac.,
ADE A SPECIALTY, AND ANY A!
nil business entrusted to them will
AT i 1 ! l)U3,ness entrusted to them wil
attended to promptly. We are making si
trips to and from Lewiston, I. T., w
i eS ' , Leavin S Lewiston at 4 o'clock A.
Î? Tuesdays and Saturdays, and leaving Moi
Il aho , at 7 "' cIock A ' on Mondays a
üo't.P ' 1 * 78 We °- k '- Making weekl > f.'
Fmül " mmg Camps ' Elk Cl
Florence and Warrens.
The best of references given if required,
ï-tf BAIRD BROE.
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