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11 of The Federated Press Vol. 1, No. 2 CIO Elects State Officers Local 12 Political Set-Lp Endorsed Concluding1 its three-day Columbus convention, Sunday, Nov. 29, the state CIO reelected Jack Kroll of Cincinnati, president, and Jack Silvey, inclumbent, Sec’y-Treas., of i/Columbus, for the current year. Earl Ordway of the Spicer Unit, Toledo, was elected vice president by the largest vote given any single candi date. Earl Clark, Toledo, and Paul Jahn of Cleveland, were also elected vice presidents. AH Out for Victory Keynoting the meeting and run ning throughout all its delibera tions was the all out for victory program which was in accord with the national CIO convention held earlier this month in Boston. AU speakers and delegates pledged themselves to devote their best ef forts to aiding greater production ^nf war goods, and to do everything Mt their power to speed defeat of ihp Axis. JErnesto Galarza, featured speak A the convention described the jH|zed labor movement of Cen ^Pa,nd South America. His talk was well received by the large delegation. Mr. Galarza, who is a Mexican Indian, is chief of the Di vision of Labor and Social In formation of the Pan-American Union. Toledo Plan Endorsed Local 12’s Political Activities Committee had a part in the state convention program, with Mrs. Florence L. Wolfe, secretary of the -.organization, explaining the work rings of the group in the last elec tion and its plana for future activi ties. Not only did the convention go on record as favoring the plan but adopted a resolution brought in by the state executive committee to make the plan state-wide in scope. As outlined in the resolution, other cities throughout the state would organize their political activ ities along the same general lines as the Toledo CIO, and would op erate as a unit in state and na tional elections. The convention voted to hold next year's convention in Cincin nati, and said that the first con tention immediately after the war’s Wlose will be held in Toledo. Colum jpbus took the convention when hotel facilities of Toledo became inade quate to handle the delegates due to many rooms having been taken over by the Army Air Corps. FDR Opposes ’Frenchmen Who Support Hitler* By Federated Preee WASHINGTON, Dec. 4.—Presi dent Roosevelt recently said that he thoroughly approved the feel ing in this and other United Na tions that “no permanent arrange Ttrnent should be made with Admiral "jjarlan.” The President*! statement fol lowed reports of mounting feeling against Darlan among the people of the United Nations, the most recent expression here being from a spokesman of the Fighting FFench Mission, and Wendell Will ie i a. IpWillkie, speaking at the New York Herald-Tribune Forum, call ed Darlan “Hitler’s tool,” and said people could not remain silent about any collaboration with him. The CIO at its recent convention passed a resolution on Hitler’s puppet states, the Vichy, Finnish and Spanish governments, and de dared Vichy France has complete \lly exposed its pro-Axis position by entering into open warfare with ^the U. S. Tho present arrangement in -North and West Africa, said the ^President, “is only a temporary ex pedient, justified solely by the ’stress of battle.” He stressed that K! opposed to Frenchmen who Hitler and the Axis.” President revealed that he uested the liberation of all janti-Nazis imprisoned in North ■Africa and that he had asked for “the abrogation of all laws and ’decrees inspired by Nazi govem _ments or Nazi ideologists.” State CIO Sec’y-Treus. V. ^3 U-'Ja ?. ,4 It y v- led F. Silvey, secretary-treas urer of the State CIO Council, makes his headquarters in Co lumbus. He had charge of mak ing the convention arrangements for the Nov. 27 to 29 meeting and in addition handles a great amount of detail work. -i-t... Gala Christmas Party Planned Local 12 To Give Children Annual Party By DICK SMITH After a series of meetings, the Children’s Christmas Party Com mittee has made its plans for the annual Local 12 party for the chil dren and has set up a program which promises to put all previous parties into eclipse. This year’s party will be held in the Civic Auditorium, Sunday, Dec. 20, from 2:00 to 6:00 p. m. Mountains of candy, fruits, nuts, candy canes and toys will be given to the children of Local 12 mem bers. As in previous years, Santa Claus will be on hand to greet the little ones and thrill them with his pack of wonders. Movies, entertainment, dancing and many other features will be on tap for the enjoyment of the kid dies and their parents. Four thousand children are ex pected to be at the party, and these together with their parents will constitute one of the largest parties ever put on by the Local. Chairman of the Christmas com mittee is Edward Courturierc of the Bingham Stamping Unit, Wil liam Joy, Ft. Pitt Unit, vice chair man Richard Smith, Porcelain Enamel Unit, secretary George O’Henry, National Supply, pur chasing committee Walter Au gustyniak, Bingham Stamping Unit, entertainment committee Walter Tkzaskalski, Acklin Stamp ing Unit, decorating committee. Local 12 band will play for the party, as well as an orchestra composed of Local 12 members. Protest WPR Policies I WASHINGTON A sharply worded protest against the “con fused, uncertain and shifting poli cies of the War Production Board” regarding defense housing was pre sented to WPB Chairman Donald M. Nelson by representatives of six labor and housing organiza tions. NEW YORK—Describing the right to strike or lockout as “by all odds the most effective single agency for settling labor trou bles,'’ Chairman William H. Davis of the Natl. War Labor Board on Nov. 23 urged return of these rights and abolition of the board at the end of the war. An Editorial Today's Election Lickendorf Employees Strike Today’s election at the Toledo Scale Co., plant poses two questions which should be easy enough for its em ployes to answer. Workers of the Toledo Scale Co., will have their choice of electing to remain in a company dominated union, or of becoming a part of the greatest dynamic labor movement in modern times, the democratic UAW-CIO. On the face of the matter, the decision for the Scale Co. workers should be easy, for if they choose the company union, they will at all times be under the finger of the company and their grievances will be laughed out of fair hearing. On the other hand, should the workers of the Toledo Scale Co., decide in favor of the UAW-CIO, they would discover they have a true champion which will not let them down when they have just cause for complaint, and which will fight for them through thick and thin. Scale Co. workers, we trust your judgment. We be lieve in your wisdom to see through the smoke screen which the company union has thrown around itself. We are confident of your proper choice, the UAW-CIO, and we await for tomorrow in pleasant anticipation of taking your hands and tailing you our brothers. Ask Recognition and More Wages Employes of the Lickendorf Hardware Co., 2726 Monroe l$t., members of Local 14, CIO, have beeq on strike since Saturday, Nov. 28. After repeated attempts to se cure union recognition and a satis factory upward adjustment in their low rate of wages, the em ployes offered’ to submit their membership list to the Toledo In dustrial Peace Board, under Ed mund Ruffin. STALLS ELECTION After agreeing to hold an elec tion to determine whether enough employes belonged to Local 14, the Lickendorf management then pro ceeded to defer the election from time to time, until the union handed out its ultimatum to either vote or strike. When the company refused to act, the strike was then called. WOMEN BUYING SHELLS Union members on the picket lines at the Lickendorf Hardware say that very few men are enter ing the store, but that a number of women are purchasing shells for their husbands who are going hunt ing but do not want to pass the picket lines, presumably because many are themselves members of unions. Union members whose wives are buying in the Lickendorf Hard ware are nullifying to some extent the effectiveness of the strike, and officers of the CIO International have asked that all union members not only back Lickendorf employes in their efforts to secure recogni tion and a decent wage scale, but that they do it by cooperating with the striking union. Mr. Lickendorf and his credit manager are the only ones working in the store which normally em ploys from 18 to 20 people. Mdk Shortage Growing Worse, Consumers Union Finds By Federated PreM NEW YORK, Dee. 3—The milk shortage is growing worse and un less the government acts soon, it will become a definite obstacle to the whole war effort, Consumers Union reported in November. In New Jersey, dairy cows are being slaughtered for meat, the CU says, and milk production there is falling steadily. The state milk control director describes the situ ation as dangerous. Connecticut has a definite milk shortage but hopes to get through the winter without an actual famine. One of the 2 largest New York distributors has cut cream deliver ies by 10% 'to the wholesale and retail trade. San Francisco dairies announced that bottled cream will no longer be sold. Half cream and half' milk is offered as a substi tute. For the U. S. as a whole, CU re ports, the civilian demand for but ter is running 13% ahead of 1941 while production is 1% below 1941. Cheese production is 4% below last year while demand is record breaking. TOLEDO UNION JOURNAL NLRB HOLDS SCALE CO. ELECTION New Setup Will Defer Essential Workers By Federated Press WASHINGTON, Dec. 4.—Presi dent Roosevelt told his press con ference recently that he would soon announce a new national manpower setup which would class ify essential workers and prevent their being drated or enlisting. The new arrangement will pro vide for more uniformity than is now the case with thousands of local draft boards who have not been Consulting enough with fac tories, he said. On the same day he banned en listments or commissioning of gov ernment employes, many of whom had tried to enlist after a prior executive order excluding govern ment employment as & basis for draft deferment. Many of them should stay where they are as they are doing a more essential service than they could do elsewhere, he said. No one may enlist without the consent of the hea dof his agency. The proposed registration of women to determine how many are available for employment may be compulsory or voluntary. It has not been decided how it will be head of his agency. Green and Murray Express Hope Fo^ Unity Talks' Success By Federated Preaa NEW YORK, Dea 4—AFL Pres. William Green and CIO Pres. Philip Murray, speaking at a British War Relief dinner here Nov. 24, both expressed hope that the impending unity conferences between AFL and CIO commit tees will succeed,- Departing from the text of his prepared speech, Green said, “If the AFL and CIO can unite in such a worthy cause as that which brings us together this evening, then why cannot we carry this unity a little farther?” Replying to Green Murray said, “I affirm my good friend William Greenls wish and I believe that his remarks will have an inspiring ef fect on the peace negotiations.” Green and Murray stressed that the two U. S. labor groups were united in their determination to win the war and in support of such organizations as British War Re lief. WASHINGTON—The Indus trial Union of Marine & Ship building Workers (CIO) ousted five of its members at the Fair field shipyard of the Bethlehem Steel Corp, in Baltimore for in citing race hatred which resulted in stoppages. Worker's Health Through the courtesy of the Academy of Medicine of Toledo, The Journa. will pub lish once each month, aB article on “The Workers Health,” written by a member of the Academy of Medicine. See the introduction in this I issue on the editorial page. Hi ■4^ Jcyrra! Offers Service Flag By Federated Press Neither words nor statistics can tell the story of what the be grimmed army of labor has accom plished on the production front since Pearl Harbor. It is being told much better today on the North African front. The union *men and women, who fought goons, industrial espionage systems, crooked courts and cor rupt police to build a great union movement, know fascism. Five years before Pearl Harbor they sent their sons to fight it in Spain. No prodding, much less high-pow ered propaganda, was needed to ma Up them “pass the ammunition.” DECEMBER, 1941—The Japan ese army and navy, starting with a treacherous attack on Hawaii, began a conquest of the western Pacific, Colin Kelly dies a hero’s death after his bombardier, Meyer Levine, a union man’s son, sank a Japanese battleship. MacArthur thrills the world with his defense of Bataan. In Duquesne, Pa., a gang of sweating CIO steel workers, breathing hard, end an 8-hour shift with a new world’s record for blast furnace production In Washington. Bill Green and Phil Murray solemnly pledge no strikes for the duration. MARCH, 1942—Bataan has fall en despite valorous resistance. Shanghai, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaya are all gone—into Japan ese hands. Only from the frozen steppes of the Soviet Union comes good news. Business as usual scandals rock Washington but out in San Francisco, CIO longshoremen un load ships in incredibly short time On the same Pacific coast, AFL shipyard workers amaze American^ and disturb Nazis by building a 10,000-ton freighter in less than a month (that was only the beginning.) JUNE, 1942—Thl Japanese are consolidating a ney empire. In Britain and the U. S,, the cry for a second front against' Hitler roars forth from millions of throats. A stalemate exists in Russja. Ameri can naval forces have hade suc cessful raid on the Marshalls and Gilberts- Continued on Page TOLEDO, OHIO, DECEMBER 1, 1942 Subscription by Year 81.50 Price 5c A LABOR GREETING FOR ADOLPH K Cleveland labor presented a 100-pound airplane bomb to Maj. George M. Becker of the Army Air Force- on I^bor Day as a token of their feeling for Hitler, for they are expecting the Army Air Force to drop their gift off for them as they fly over Naziland. The bomb, bearing the l^bor Day -logan ‘‘Free abor Will Win,’’ is at-o inscribed with the name, of (.leveland labor leaders. Above, left to right, -igning their names to the bomb that they hope will carry their official greeting to the world’s slavo ma-tcr, are William Finrjan, pre-ident of the Cleveland Federation of Labor Ix’o E. ,aey, of the CIO mted Steelworkers of America Isaac L. S. Smink, of the War Production Board Major Becker F. E. Nohreng, of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and E. V. Salick, of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Enginemen and Firemen. The men are signing their names in white chalk. Their signature later will be traced with an electric needle. Emblem For Men and Women In Service Every American family should be proud that it has a son, a daugh ter, a brother, or other relative in some branch of the services of the country—army, navy, marines, air corps or other military service. Every lodge, factory or community should be proud of its work men or members who have taken their place in the armed forces t^rr'rPWt In Year of War— Without Statistics By JOHN DUNN I -''J/sty'' against Axis domination. There is no better way to display that pride thap the appearance of a Victory Service Flag in the window of the home, the plant, lodge room, club room, or displayed in some prominent place in the community itself. The Toledo Union Journal, through a special arrangement with the Victory Service Flag Company of Cleveland, Ohio, are able to furnish its readers the Service Flag which is a direct de scendant of the service flag of World War No. 1, which was de signed and patented by the late Col. R. L. Queisser, and which dur ing the last war was displayed in thousands of homes and other cen ters proclaiming to the world that some member of the family or or ganization was serving his country. This official emblem is syboli cal of service. It is beautifully de signed. It is carefully made. In fact, designers and makers have accomplished a fixed reverence in the flag itself which silently pro claims to the world at large the “I represent a young man or young woman from this household who is serving in the country’s forces.” A Service Flag must be more than a piece of paper or an imi tation. It must have character and beauty. It becomes after all a ban ner of service just as the Ameri can Flag is a banner of freedom and victory over oppression. Hundreds of young men and women have gone from this com munity into the services. More are going every day. It is for us who are left behind to carry on for them and display our loyalty and supreme belief that their efforts will be finally crowned by Victory and we can show that spirit in no better way than displaying proudly in the windows of our homes and plants, and lodges, and churches, a Victory Service Flag. Those who are entitled to display the flag are the parents of boys or girls in the service for brothers, for sisters, for fathers, or any other near relative. In World War 1 the beautiful flag with red bor der, white center, with its blue star, hung proudly in hundreds of thousands of homes throughout the cuntry. One star indicates that one member of the family is serving, two stars indicates two members, three stars indicate three members, and four stars indicate four mem bers of the family serving. Plant and Lodge communities are also entitled to display the flag with stars or numerals indicating the number of their members who are in the service. On Page 2, of today*! issue, is a picture of the Victory Service Flag and instructions how this flag may be secured. Published by Local 12. UAW-CIO, 425 Winthrop St., Toledo, Ohio r-e£'' Toledo Scale Election Held Today CIO Confident Of Outcome 'fa Today, Friday, Dec. 4, Toledo Scale Co. employes will vote their choice of an appropriate bargaining union between the hours of 3:00 and 7:00 p. m. Practically everyone concedes that the Scale Workers of Ohio, known to Scale Co., workers as the “company union” Poet ...KA 5 ________ DON PARSONS Labor Papers Are Not Newspapers, Nelson Aide Says By Federated Press NEW tORK, Dec. 3—Labor newspapers are not entitled to rep resentation on the WPE’s News paper Industry Advisory Commit tee because they are not news papers, E. W. Palmer, deputy chief of the WPB’s printing and publish ing division, has decided. This was revealed Nov. 20 in a letter which Assoc. Editor William Moody of The Department Store Employee received from T. Spencer Shore, director of the WPB divi sion of industry advisory commit tee, in reply to Moody’s protest to WPB Chief Donald M. Nelson against lack of labor press or union representation on the com mittee. Shore inclosed a memorandum from Palmer which stated: “The Newspaper Industry Advisory Committee was appointed to rep resent the general press. Its mem bership includes daily and weekly newspapers of general character. It was felt that it would be prac tically impossible to cover news papers serving special interests such as racial, religious, etc. “There is no direct representa tion therefore for numerous news papers such as racial and foreign language, advertising, agricultural, financial ... “We should like to point out that N. W. Ayer & Sons (an employer organization) in its catalog for 1942, pages 1295-1298, list labor papers under trade, technical and class publications and not under newspapers and periodicals. How ever, regardless of whether appeal is limited or not, all papers have adequate representation by virtue of the fact that ail types are rep resented.” Neither Shore nor Palmer gave any explanation of why the unions —AFL, CIO and unaffiliated—in the newspaper industry were not given representation on the com mittee. An example of the way in which labor newspapers have conserved on paper was cited by Editor George T. Guernsey of The Amer ican Teacher in writing his pro test against the advisory commit tee’s proposal for a 10% horizontal cut in newsprint. 'Enclosing copies of The Amer ican Teacher to prove his point. Guernsey wrote: “Like a great many other labor publications, we have attempted to gear our maga zine to the needs of the war effort. Two years ago we were publishing a much more expensive magazine on a much more expensive paper. In October, 1941, we voluntarily changed our format in order to CQO&erva on pa^er and printing.” will take a ballot beating, prin cipally because of their inability to convince anyone of their independ ence from company domination, anf by a major error committed by their attorney, Chris Webb. Lets Cat Out of Bag Attorney Webb unconsciously let the cat out of the bag, when, dur ing a recent conference between Local 12, CIO officers and Henry Bloch, company attorney, he stuck his head into Bloch’s office and said, don’t know if I’m supposed to be in here or not, but I’m repre senting the Scale Co.” Attorney Bloch looked up and answered his fellow-barrister with, “No. This is another matter* When Attorney Webb had de parted, one of the Local 12 offi cials said to Mr. Bloch, “Did you hear what he said?” “Yeah,” said Mr. Bloch, *1 thought I was tha company attorney.” NLRB Orders Election Today’s election comes as a re sult of a NLRB order to hold an election within 30 days, after hearings where it was shown that the Scale Workers of Ohio, Ina, was a company union and had so few members that it could not pro i duce an authenic list of them dur ing the sessions of the board. Others participating in the voto besides the CIO will be the MESA, the “company union” and the AFL. Principle interest centers upon the poll conducted among the pol ishing and plating department of the Scale Company’s two plants to determine if the CIO or AFL will represent them. Results of the election will bo announced within a short tuns after the voting is completed. Walter Murphy, Local 12 presi dent, expressed again his confi dence “that in the secrecy of tho voting place, the convictions of the employes will be to give the CIO a large vote and add another group of workers to the ever-growing number of people who know where their best interests lieu* Benefit Fund Passes $260 Million Mark onio s iiciiiployniciit Compen sation benefit fund steadily in creasing in size against the day when employment slackens, took an upward spurt in October. In October the fund available for benefits in Ohio had reached $260, 123,330. Contributions for 1942, Adminis trator Herschel C. Atkinson esti mates, will be more than 342 mil lion. Steadily decreasing unem ployment in the state will drain only approximately $14^4 million in benefits from the fund during the year 1942. Benefit payments fell to an all time low of $472,906 in October. This was the first month in the nearly four-year history of the Bureau, in which payments were less than a half-million dollars. The average weekly number of persons receiving benefits during October dropped 29 per cent from September to 10,569. New claims during the month dropped to 6,498, another new all-time *ow, and 2.5 per cent below September. Weeks of unemployment compensated dropped 34 per cent below Septem ber, numbering 41,312 in October as compared with 62,174 in ths previous month. Negros Barred By Federated Preas DALLAS, Dec. 4—A systematic and deliberate exclusion of Negroes from grand juries in Dallas County was revealed in argument before the Texas court of appeals for reversal of a 99-year sentence given L. C. Akens, a Negro, for the alleged fatal shooting of Po lice Officer V. L. Morris.