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Toledo union journal. [volume] (Toledo, Ohio) 1942-current, December 04, 1942, Image 1

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11
of The Federated Press
Vol. 1, No. 2
CIO Elects
State Officers
Local 12 Political
Set-Lp Endorsed
Concluding1 its three-day Columbus convention, Sunday,
Nov. 29, the state CIO reelected Jack Kroll of Cincinnati,
president, and Jack Silvey, inclumbent, Sec’y-Treas., of
i/Columbus, for the current year.
Earl Ordway of the Spicer Unit, Toledo, was elected
vice president by the largest
vote given any single candi
date. Earl Clark, Toledo, and
Paul Jahn of Cleveland, were
also elected vice presidents.
AH Out for Victory
Keynoting the meeting and run
ning throughout all its delibera
tions was the all out for victory
program which was in accord with
the national CIO convention held
earlier this month in Boston. AU
speakers and delegates pledged
themselves to devote their best ef
forts to aiding greater production
^nf war goods, and to do everything
Mt their power to speed defeat of
ihp Axis.
JErnesto Galarza, featured speak
A the convention described the
jH|zed labor movement of Cen
^Pa,nd South America. His talk
was well received by the large
delegation. Mr. Galarza, who is a
Mexican Indian, is chief of the Di
vision of Labor and Social In
formation of the Pan-American
Union.
Toledo Plan Endorsed
Local 12’s Political Activities
Committee had a part in the state
convention program, with Mrs.
Florence L. Wolfe, secretary of the
-.organization, explaining the work
rings of the group in the last elec
tion and its plana for future activi­
ties.
Not only did the convention go
on record as favoring the plan but
adopted a resolution brought in by
the state executive committee to
make the plan state-wide in scope.
As outlined in the resolution,
other cities throughout the state
would organize their political activ
ities along the same general lines
as the Toledo CIO, and would op
erate as a unit in state and na
tional elections.
The convention voted to hold
next year's convention in Cincin
nati, and said that the first con
tention immediately after the war’s
Wlose will be held in Toledo. Colum
jpbus took the convention when hotel
facilities of Toledo became inade
quate to handle the delegates due
to many rooms having been taken
over by the Army Air Corps.
FDR Opposes
’Frenchmen Who
Support Hitler*
By Federated Preee
WASHINGTON, Dec. 4.—Presi
dent Roosevelt recently said that
he thoroughly approved the feel
ing in this and other United Na
tions that “no permanent arrange
Ttrnent should be made with Admiral
"jjarlan.”
The President*! statement fol
lowed reports of mounting feeling
against Darlan among the people
of the United Nations, the most
recent expression here being from
a spokesman of the Fighting
FFench Mission, and Wendell Will
ie i a.
IpWillkie, speaking at the New
York Herald-Tribune Forum, call
ed Darlan “Hitler’s tool,” and said
people could not remain silent
about any collaboration with him.
The CIO at its recent convention
passed a resolution on Hitler’s
puppet states, the Vichy, Finnish
and Spanish governments, and de
dared Vichy France has complete
\lly exposed its pro-Axis position by
entering into open warfare with
^the U. S.
Tho present arrangement in
-North and West Africa, said the
^President, “is only a temporary ex
pedient, justified solely by the
’stress of battle.” He stressed that
K! opposed to Frenchmen who
Hitler and the Axis.”
President revealed that he
uested the liberation of all
janti-Nazis imprisoned in North
■Africa and that he had asked for
“the abrogation of all laws and
’decrees inspired by Nazi govem
_ments or Nazi ideologists.”
State CIO
Sec’y-Treus.
V.
^3
U-'Ja
?. ,4
It
y
v-
led F. Silvey, secretary-treas
urer of the State CIO Council,
makes his headquarters in Co
lumbus. He had charge of mak
ing the convention arrangements
for the Nov. 27 to 29 meeting
and in addition handles a great
amount of detail work. -i-t...
Gala Christmas
Party Planned
Local 12 To Give
Children Annual Party
By DICK SMITH
After a series of meetings, the
Children’s Christmas Party Com
mittee has made its plans for the
annual Local 12 party for the chil
dren and has set up a program
which promises to put all previous
parties into eclipse.
This year’s party will be held in
the Civic Auditorium, Sunday, Dec.
20, from 2:00 to 6:00 p. m.
Mountains of candy, fruits, nuts,
candy canes and toys will be given
to the children of Local 12 mem
bers. As in previous years, Santa
Claus will be on hand to greet the
little ones and thrill them with his
pack of wonders.
Movies, entertainment, dancing
and many other features will be on
tap for the enjoyment of the kid
dies and their parents.
Four thousand children are ex
pected to be at the party, and
these together with their parents
will constitute one of the largest
parties ever put on by the Local.
Chairman of the Christmas com
mittee is Edward Courturierc of
the Bingham Stamping Unit, Wil
liam Joy, Ft. Pitt Unit, vice chair
man Richard Smith, Porcelain
Enamel Unit, secretary George
O’Henry, National Supply, pur
chasing committee Walter Au
gustyniak, Bingham Stamping
Unit, entertainment committee
Walter Tkzaskalski, Acklin Stamp
ing Unit, decorating committee.
Local 12 band will play for the
party, as well as an orchestra
composed of Local 12 members.
Protest WPR
Policies
I
WASHINGTON A sharply
worded protest against the “con
fused, uncertain and shifting poli
cies of the War Production Board”
regarding defense housing was pre
sented to WPB Chairman Donald
M. Nelson by representatives of
six labor and housing organiza
tions.
NEW YORK—Describing the
right to strike or lockout as “by
all odds the most effective single
agency for settling labor trou
bles,'’ Chairman William H.
Davis of the Natl. War Labor
Board on Nov. 23 urged return of
these rights and abolition of the
board at the end of the war.
An Editorial
Today's Election
Lickendorf
Employees
Strike
Today’s election at the Toledo Scale Co., plant poses
two questions which should be easy enough for its em
ployes to answer.
Workers of the Toledo Scale Co., will have their choice
of electing to remain in a company dominated union, or of
becoming a part of the greatest dynamic labor movement
in modern times, the democratic UAW-CIO.
On the face of the matter, the decision for the Scale
Co. workers should be easy, for if they choose the company
union, they will at all times be under the finger of the
company and their grievances will be laughed out of fair
hearing.
On the other hand, should the workers of the Toledo
Scale Co., decide in favor of the UAW-CIO, they would
discover they have a true champion which will not let them
down when they have just cause for complaint, and which
will fight for them through thick and thin.
Scale Co. workers, we trust your judgment. We be
lieve in your wisdom to see through the smoke screen
which the company union has thrown around itself. We
are confident of your proper choice, the UAW-CIO, and
we await for tomorrow in pleasant anticipation of taking
your hands and tailing you our brothers.
Ask Recognition and
More Wages
Employes of the Lickendorf
Hardware Co., 2726 Monroe l$t.,
members of Local 14, CIO, have
beeq on strike since Saturday,
Nov. 28.
After repeated attempts to se
cure union recognition and a satis
factory upward adjustment in
their low rate of wages, the em
ployes offered’ to submit their
membership list to the Toledo In
dustrial Peace Board, under Ed
mund Ruffin.
STALLS ELECTION
After agreeing to hold an elec
tion to determine whether enough
employes belonged to Local 14, the
Lickendorf management then pro
ceeded to defer the election from
time to time, until the union
handed out its ultimatum to either
vote or strike.
When the company refused to
act, the strike was then called.
WOMEN BUYING SHELLS
Union members on the picket
lines at the Lickendorf Hardware
say that very few men are enter
ing the store, but that a number
of women are purchasing shells for
their husbands who are going hunt
ing but do not want to pass the
picket lines, presumably because
many are themselves members of
unions.
Union members whose wives are
buying in the Lickendorf Hard
ware are nullifying to some extent
the effectiveness of the strike, and
officers of the CIO International
have asked that all union members
not only back Lickendorf employes
in their efforts to secure recogni
tion and a decent wage scale, but
that they do it by cooperating with
the striking union.
Mr. Lickendorf and his credit
manager are the only ones working
in the store which normally em
ploys from 18 to 20 people.
Mdk Shortage Growing
Worse, Consumers
Union Finds
By Federated PreM
NEW YORK, Dee. 3—The milk
shortage is growing worse and un
less the government acts soon, it
will become a definite obstacle to
the whole war effort, Consumers
Union reported in November.
In New Jersey, dairy cows are
being slaughtered for meat, the CU
says, and milk production there is
falling steadily. The state milk
control director describes the situ
ation as dangerous. Connecticut
has a definite milk shortage but
hopes to get through the winter
without an actual famine.
One of the 2 largest New York
distributors has cut cream deliver
ies by 10% 'to the wholesale and
retail trade. San Francisco dairies
announced that bottled cream will
no longer be sold. Half cream and
half' milk is offered as a substi
tute.
For the U. S. as a whole, CU re
ports, the civilian demand for but
ter is running 13% ahead of 1941
while production is 1% below 1941.
Cheese production is 4% below last
year while demand is record
breaking.
TOLEDO UNION JOURNAL
NLRB HOLDS SCALE CO. ELECTION
New Setup Will
Defer Essential
Workers
By Federated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. 4.—Presi
dent Roosevelt told his press con
ference recently that he would
soon announce a new national
manpower setup which would class
ify essential workers and prevent
their being drated or enlisting.
The new arrangement will pro
vide for more uniformity than is
now the case with thousands of
local draft boards who have not
been Consulting enough with fac
tories, he said.
On the same day he banned en
listments or commissioning of gov
ernment employes, many of whom
had tried to enlist after a prior
executive order excluding govern
ment employment as & basis for
draft deferment.
Many of them should stay where
they are as they are doing a more
essential service than they could
do elsewhere, he said. No one may
enlist without the consent of the
hea dof his agency.
The proposed registration of
women to determine how many are
available for employment may be
compulsory or voluntary. It has
not been decided how it will be
head of his agency.
Green and Murray
Express Hope Fo^
Unity Talks' Success
By Federated Preaa
NEW YORK, Dea 4—AFL Pres.
William Green and CIO Pres.
Philip Murray, speaking at a
British War Relief dinner here
Nov. 24, both expressed hope that
the impending unity conferences
between AFL and CIO commit
tees will succeed,-
Departing from the text of his
prepared speech, Green said, “If
the AFL and CIO can unite in
such a worthy cause as that which
brings us together this evening,
then why cannot we carry this
unity a little farther?”
Replying to Green Murray said,
“I affirm my good friend William
Greenls wish and I believe that his
remarks will have an inspiring ef
fect on the peace negotiations.”
Green and Murray stressed that
the two U. S. labor groups were
united in their determination to
win the war and in support of such
organizations as British War Re
lief.
WASHINGTON—The Indus
trial Union of Marine & Ship
building Workers (CIO) ousted
five of its members at the Fair
field shipyard of the Bethlehem
Steel Corp, in Baltimore for in
citing race hatred which resulted
in stoppages.
Worker's Health
Through the courtesy of
the Academy of Medicine of
Toledo, The Journa. will pub
lish once each month, aB
article on “The Workers
Health,” written by a member
of the Academy of Medicine.
See the introduction in this I
issue on the editorial page.
Hi
■4^
Jcyrra! Offers
Service Flag
By Federated Press
Neither words nor statistics can
tell the story of what the be
grimmed army of labor has accom
plished on the production front
since Pearl Harbor. It is being told
much better today on the North
African front.
The union *men and women, who
fought goons, industrial espionage
systems, crooked courts and cor
rupt police to build a great union
movement, know fascism. Five
years before Pearl Harbor they
sent their sons to fight it in Spain.
No prodding, much less high-pow
ered propaganda, was needed to
ma
Up them
“pass the ammunition.”
DECEMBER, 1941—The Japan
ese army and navy, starting with
a treacherous attack on Hawaii,
began a conquest of the western
Pacific, Colin Kelly dies a hero’s
death after his bombardier, Meyer
Levine, a union man’s son, sank a
Japanese battleship. MacArthur
thrills the world with his defense
of Bataan.
In Duquesne, Pa., a gang of
sweating CIO steel workers,
breathing hard, end an 8-hour
shift with a new world’s record
for blast furnace production
In Washington. Bill Green and
Phil Murray solemnly pledge no
strikes for the duration.
MARCH, 1942—Bataan has fall
en despite valorous resistance.
Shanghai, Hong Kong, Singapore,
Malaya are all gone—into Japan
ese hands. Only from the frozen
steppes of the Soviet Union comes
good news.
Business as usual scandals
rock Washington but out in San
Francisco, CIO longshoremen un
load ships in incredibly short
time On the same Pacific
coast, AFL shipyard workers
amaze American^ and disturb
Nazis by building a 10,000-ton
freighter in less than a month
(that was only the beginning.)
JUNE, 1942—Thl Japanese are
consolidating a ney empire. In
Britain and the U. S,, the cry for
a second front against' Hitler roars
forth from millions of throats. A
stalemate exists in Russja. Ameri
can naval forces have hade suc
cessful raid on the Marshalls and
Gilberts-
Continued on Page
TOLEDO, OHIO, DECEMBER 1, 1942 Subscription by Year 81.50 Price 5c
A LABOR GREETING FOR ADOLPH
K
Cleveland labor presented a 100-pound airplane bomb to Maj. George M.
Becker of the Army Air Force- on I^bor Day as a token of their feeling
for Hitler, for they are expecting the Army Air Force to drop their gift
off for them as they fly over Naziland. The bomb, bearing the l^bor
Day -logan ‘‘Free abor Will Win,’’ is at-o inscribed with the name, of
(.leveland labor leaders. Above, left to right, -igning their names to the
bomb that they hope will carry their official greeting to the world’s slavo
ma-tcr, are William Finrjan, pre-ident of the Cleveland Federation of
Labor Ix’o E. ,aey, of the CIO mted Steelworkers of America Isaac
L. S. Smink, of the War Production Board Major Becker F. E. Nohreng,
of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and E. V. Salick, of the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Enginemen and Firemen. The men are
signing their names in white chalk. Their signature later will be traced
with an electric needle.
Emblem For Men and Women In Service
Every American family should be proud that it has a son, a daugh
ter, a brother, or other relative in some branch of the services of the
country—army, navy, marines, air corps or other military service.
Every lodge, factory or community should be proud of its work
men or members who have taken their place in the armed forces
t^rr'rPWt
In Year of War—
Without Statistics
By JOHN DUNN
I -''J/sty''
against Axis domination.
There is no better way to display
that pride thap the appearance of a
Victory Service Flag in the window
of the home, the plant, lodge room,
club room, or displayed in some
prominent place in the community
itself.
The Toledo Union Journal,
through a special arrangement
with the Victory Service Flag
Company of Cleveland, Ohio, are
able to furnish its readers the
Service Flag which is a direct de
scendant of the service flag of
World War No. 1, which was de
signed and patented by the late
Col. R. L. Queisser, and which dur
ing the last war was displayed in
thousands of homes and other cen
ters proclaiming to the world that
some member of the family or or
ganization was serving his country.
This official emblem is syboli
cal of service. It is beautifully de
signed. It is carefully made. In
fact, designers and makers have
accomplished a fixed reverence in
the flag itself which silently pro
claims to the world at large the
“I represent a young man or young
woman from this household who is
serving in the country’s forces.”
A Service Flag must be more
than a piece of paper or an imi
tation. It must have character and
beauty. It becomes after all a ban
ner of service just as the Ameri
can Flag is a banner of freedom
and victory over oppression.
Hundreds of young men and
women have gone from this com
munity into the services. More are
going every day. It is for us who
are left behind to carry on for
them and display our loyalty and
supreme belief that their efforts
will be finally crowned by Victory
and we can show that spirit in no
better way than displaying proudly
in the windows of our homes and
plants, and lodges, and churches, a
Victory Service Flag.
Those who are entitled to display
the flag are the parents of boys or
girls in the service for brothers,
for sisters, for fathers, or any
other near relative. In World War
1 the beautiful flag with red bor
der, white center, with its blue
star, hung proudly in hundreds of
thousands of homes throughout the
cuntry.
One star indicates that one
member of the family is serving,
two stars indicates two members,
three stars indicate three members,
and four stars indicate four mem
bers of the family serving.
Plant and Lodge communities are
also entitled to display the flag
with stars or numerals indicating
the number of their members who
are in the service.
On Page 2, of today*! issue, is
a picture of the Victory Service
Flag and instructions how this
flag may be secured.
Published by Local 12. UAW-CIO, 425 Winthrop St., Toledo, Ohio
r-e£''
Toledo Scale
Election
Held Today
CIO Confident
Of Outcome
'fa
Today, Friday, Dec. 4, Toledo Scale Co. employes will
vote their choice of an appropriate bargaining union between
the hours of 3:00 and 7:00 p. m.
Practically everyone concedes that the Scale Workers
of Ohio, known to Scale Co., workers as the “company union”
Poet
...KA 5
________ DON PARSONS
Labor Papers Are
Not Newspapers,
Nelson Aide Says
By Federated Press
NEW tORK, Dec. 3—Labor
newspapers are not entitled to rep
resentation on the WPE’s News
paper Industry Advisory Commit
tee because they are not news
papers, E. W. Palmer, deputy chief
of the WPB’s printing and publish
ing division, has decided.
This was revealed Nov. 20 in a
letter which Assoc. Editor William
Moody of The Department Store
Employee received from T. Spencer
Shore, director of the WPB divi
sion of industry advisory commit
tee, in reply to Moody’s protest to
WPB Chief Donald M. Nelson
against lack of labor press or
union representation on the com
mittee.
Shore inclosed a memorandum
from Palmer which stated: “The
Newspaper Industry Advisory
Committee was appointed to rep
resent the general press. Its mem
bership includes daily and weekly
newspapers of general character.
It was felt that it would be prac
tically impossible to cover news
papers serving special interests
such as racial, religious, etc.
“There is no direct representa
tion therefore for numerous news
papers such as racial and foreign
language, advertising, agricultural,
financial ...
“We should like to point out that
N. W. Ayer & Sons (an employer
organization) in its catalog for
1942, pages 1295-1298, list labor
papers under trade, technical and
class publications and not under
newspapers and periodicals. How
ever, regardless of whether appeal
is limited or not, all papers have
adequate representation by virtue
of the fact that ail types are rep
resented.”
Neither Shore nor Palmer gave
any explanation of why the unions
—AFL, CIO and unaffiliated—in
the newspaper industry were not
given representation on the com
mittee.
An example of the way in which
labor newspapers have conserved
on paper was cited by Editor
George T. Guernsey of The Amer
ican Teacher in writing his pro
test against the advisory commit
tee’s proposal for a 10% horizontal
cut in newsprint.
'Enclosing copies of The Amer
ican Teacher to prove his point.
Guernsey wrote: “Like a great
many other labor publications, we
have attempted to gear our maga
zine to the needs of the war effort.
Two years ago we were publishing
a much more expensive magazine
on a much more expensive paper.
In October, 1941, we voluntarily
changed our format in order to
CQO&erva on pa^er and printing.”
will take a ballot beating, prin
cipally because of their inability to
convince anyone of their independ
ence from company domination, anf
by a major error committed by
their attorney, Chris Webb.
Lets Cat Out of Bag
Attorney Webb unconsciously let
the cat out of the bag, when, dur
ing a recent conference between
Local 12, CIO officers and Henry
Bloch, company attorney, he stuck
his head into Bloch’s office and
said, don’t know if I’m supposed
to be in here or not, but I’m repre
senting the Scale Co.”
Attorney Bloch looked up and
answered his fellow-barrister with,
“No. This is another matter*
When Attorney Webb had de
parted, one of the Local 12 offi
cials said to Mr. Bloch, “Did you
hear what he said?” “Yeah,” said
Mr. Bloch, *1 thought I was tha
company attorney.”
NLRB Orders Election
Today’s election comes as a re
sult of a NLRB order to hold an
election within 30 days, after
hearings where it was shown that
the Scale Workers of Ohio, Ina,
was a company union and had so
few members that it could not pro
i duce an authenic list of them dur
ing the sessions of the board.
Others participating in the voto
besides the CIO will be the MESA,
the “company union” and the AFL.
Principle interest centers upon
the poll conducted among the pol
ishing and plating department of
the Scale Company’s two plants to
determine if the CIO or AFL will
represent them.
Results of the election will bo
announced within a short tuns
after the voting is completed.
Walter Murphy, Local 12 presi
dent, expressed again his confi
dence “that in the secrecy of tho
voting place, the convictions of the
employes will be to give the CIO a
large vote and add another group
of workers to the ever-growing
number of people who know where
their best interests lieu*
Benefit Fund Passes
$260 Million Mark
onio s iiciiiployniciit Compen
sation benefit fund steadily in
creasing in size against the day
when employment slackens, took
an upward spurt in October. In
October the fund available for
benefits in Ohio had reached $260,
123,330.
Contributions for 1942, Adminis
trator Herschel C. Atkinson esti
mates, will be more than 342 mil
lion. Steadily decreasing unem
ployment in the state will drain
only approximately $14^4 million
in benefits from the fund during
the year 1942.
Benefit payments fell to an all
time low of $472,906 in October.
This was the first month in the
nearly four-year history of the
Bureau, in which payments were
less than a half-million dollars.
The average weekly number of
persons receiving benefits during
October dropped 29 per cent from
September to 10,569. New claims
during the month dropped to 6,498,
another new all-time *ow, and 2.5
per cent below September. Weeks
of unemployment compensated
dropped 34 per cent below Septem
ber, numbering 41,312 in October
as compared with 62,174 in ths
previous month.
Negros Barred
By Federated Preas
DALLAS, Dec. 4—A systematic
and deliberate exclusion of Negroes
from grand juries in Dallas
County was revealed in argument
before the Texas court of appeals
for reversal of a 99-year sentence
given L. C. Akens, a Negro, for
the alleged fatal shooting of Po
lice Officer V. L. Morris.

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