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Hit McNutt's Bad Labor Record CTO. Not In Favor Of 4 ppointment By Federated Preu DETROIT—The vicious anti-labor record of Paul V. Mc Nutt, just appointed war manpower and selective service dic tator by President Roosevelt, and also his poor stand on the issue of Negro discrimination were blasted by UAW-CIO of ficials as soon as his latest promotion became known in De troit. AFL comment was more moderate. Paul Ste-Marie, president of Rouge Ford Local 600, larg est in the UAW-CIO, called the FDR appointment of McNutt a “slap in the face of labor which was undeserved” and he feared that “before American.labor will submit to any dicta torship labor will strike all’ across the continent.” President Frank Davis of Lin coln Ford Local 900 declared: “Our local is entirely out of sympathy with any kind of labor program that would be administred by Mc Nutt.” Detailed charges against Mc Nutt’s fitness to hold the job of labor-drafting dictator were made •hd'esear ch Director Emil Mazoy jjhe UAW-CIO Dept. Mazoy -’When McNutt was governor of Indiana, h® had martial law in force almost throughout his term in his endeavor to smash the unions and he sent in his militia wherever there was an important strike. Don’t think that labor, both CIO and AFL, has forgotten this. He was known all over the land as the Hoosier Hitler. “Since he became chainrftm of the War Manpower Commission he has done nothing in his own office to enforce President Roosevelt’s order against discrimination in hir ing of Negroes. His office is one of the worst offenders in Wahing ton. We don’t see why a man with such an un-American record should have been placed in command over labor and the draft machinery.” President Frank X. Martel of the Detroit & Wayne County Fed eration of Labor commented on McNutt’s advancement: “While there were some things in his administration as governor of Indiana that aggrieved organ ized labor, Mr. McNutt was on his, own there. In his new post he will be responsible to President Roose velt and if any abuses creep into his administration organized labor will doubtless make representa tions to the President and ask that the abuses be corrected or that Mr. McNutt be removed.” A&P Finances False Front Farmer Groups, Say Government By Federated PreM WASHINGTON, Dec. 10 —The Department of Justice has a name for the seemingly earnest group of citizens used from time to time by the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. to publicize their propaganda. The A&P financed these “false- i front farmer, consumer and house wife organizations, civic clubs and other groups” and prepared pub licity and propaganda for them to issue, it is charged in a federal indictment returned in Dallas. The New York company, 11 sub sidiaries and 16 officers and di rectors wer® named. The indict ment provides a study in monopoly. The group is charged with every thing from controlling policies and practices of food production and distribution over the whole coun try, to systematic short-changing and weighing. Refinements of their law-violat fng,a federal grand jury claims, in clude publishing statements creat ing false comparisons between their prices and others’ and coercing sellers into paying them brokerage I p*/ fees for produce bought. A&P operates 6,412 retail stores in 3,436 cities, which sell 13 Via of total grocery sales in the U. S. Not to mention all their processing and manufacturing concerns. PHILADELPHIA—A suit for *7 000 ha8 been filed in U f\ct court here by the Brewster znautical Corp, against former officers of the company who were fusted by the U. S. Navy last Spring for failure to operate its plants efficiently. Urges Congress To Crack Down On Labor An hour before the resolution was passed, kTAM members polite ly applauded Manpower Director Paul V. MoNutt’s pica for their co operation with government and la bor in furthering the war produc tion program. The NA M’s anti-labor-as-usual policy was elaborated on by Presi dent Wilfred Sykes of Inland Steel Co., which is the most stub bornly anti-union among" the Little Steel firms and which unsuccess fully challenged the legality of NWLB orders ast summer. “The last thing to be expected of anyone talking to an audience such as this would be an attack on la bor,” said Sykes, who then proceed ed to attack the AFL, CIO, NWLB, Wagner Act and labor-management committees. ACCUSE MURRAY “The CIO, under the leadership of Mr. Murray, is actively attempt ing to foster class hatred. One has only to read his speeches and ex amine the publications issued by the unions directly under his con trol to discover how the well-known methods of Goebbels are being used for this purpose,” he said. On labor-management commit tees Sykes said: “This idea must be rejected, not because it is the idea of one labor group, hut be cause management must remain management ... To sovetize it by making every decision the sub ject of debate and discussion will destroy the whole system of free enterprise, because it will bring it to a -point whre management can not function. “The constructive work being done in the war effort is almost entirely by men from manage ment. The destructive forces have other origins.* Sykes proposed a series of amendments to th® Wagner act which would make it fit material for the paper salvage campaign. Conti n ued on Page 2 INDIANAPOLIS (FP) Union printing shops will roll out 11,370, 000 items of supply for the 1943 Red Cross War Fund, according to records of the American Red Cross. Compulsory Savings Deadline set by the senate ■ance committee for the report of a joint committee created to study a compulsory savings pro gram was Dec. 1. Senator Wal ter F. George (D. Ga.), chairman of senate finance committee, said that compulsory savings cannot be considered separately from taxation. Senator George is shown above. By MIRIAM KOLKIN By Federated PreM NEW YORK, Dec. 10—The National Association of Manufacturers on the second day of its annual convention here Dec. 3 unanimously re solved to ask the newly elected Congress to substitute an iron heel anti-labor policy for the present government policy. “Biased, confusing and extra-legal decisions by tha "War Labor Board and other government agencies handling labor problems” were credited by the NAM with breeding strife. The resolution als® condemned an imaginary situation created by the phony statistics of the NAM re search department?” “Bottleneck strikes still cripple the war effort. The time has come when labor must stop all strikes hindering war pro duction.” DISAPPROVE EVERYTHING The cloed shop, picketing, the maintenance of membership clause and election of union officers by secret ballot likewise met with NAM disapproval. The resolution concluded with the appeal to Con gress to take over “if the above evils are not voluntarily corrected by those responsible for them.” fi- Hoarded Steel New Emerging From Factories By Federated Presa __. -r* WASHINGTON, De^ 10 —The United Steelworkers* (CIO) oft re iterated complaint that huge amounts of steel were being hoard ed in excessive inventories without the War Production Board’s doing anything about it has an interest ing sequel. Without a trace of a red face, the WPB Nov. 29 let it be known that large amounts of steel are being released by the hoarders and show ing up in the production system as a result of the announcement WPB Controled Materials Plan. It makes hoarding of metals purpose less. As it doesn’t go into effect until April and will not be fully function ing even then, corporations which have been holding out steel are rushing to get it in use before that time. For CMP restricts the amounts used in any period to the amount allowed in a bill of mate rials submitted in advance by the plant. At the same time Director Les sing J. Rosenwald, WPB conserva tion division, said in reply to CIO President Philip Murray’s charge that scrap dealers’ yards are over stocked (while they wait in hopes of prices rising), that this was be ing investigated. The government is prepared to start stockpiles of its own. Despite the newfound steel ap pearing in production and the re sults of scrap drives, in which or ganized labor is doing a tremen dous job, the much improved situa tion in steel should not make for complacency, officials said. Senator Claude Pepper (D., Ala.), presiding over a subcommittee of the Senate Education and Labor Committee hearing witnesses on the Tolan-Pepper-Kilgore bills, implied that steel executives hold secret meetings in which they center on caring for old customers and estab lishing post-war positions. He asked Vice-Chairman Ferdi nand Eberstadt, WPB,if he knew of such meetings. Eberstadt didn’t, and added he knew they weren’t held at the WPB. Pepper then said they could be held at a ‘r emote club.” PATERSON, N. J.—Assisted by the recently formed Confederated (Independent) Unions of America, 100 delegate® from New Jersey company unions formed a federa tion for “self protection against the raids of nationally affiliated unions and to help independent unions get the recognition of •rnment labor agencies.” gov- TOLEDO UNION .JOURNAL City Council Ignores CIO Candidate Scale Employes Ta Continue Activities Meet Month Will Each loss of the election last Despite Friday, Dec. 4, to the Scale work ers of Ohio, Inc., Scale Co. em ploye members of Local 12 will maintain their ranks and seek new members. Walter Murphy, president of Lo cal 12, discussing the election said, “I believe we have a number of well founded grounds for protesting last Friday’s election. However, Scale Co. employes will soon real ize the value of a national labor organization over that of a purely local nature.” Commenting further, President Murphy said, “Our organization is recognized by the federal govern ment and our members are playing prominent parts not only in production phase of the war, in important advisory posts in government.” the but the out President Murphy pointed industries such DeVilbias, Na others all went process as the that other Toledo as the Champion, tional Supply and through the same Toledo Scale Co. union and came out victorious in the end. “Due to the fact that many Scale Co. employes have requested additional information since the election,” said President Murphy, “we are encouraged to believe they will eventually remedy their first error, once they realize where their real interests lie.” Monthly meeting® of Scale Co. employes will be held at Local 12, 425 Winthrop St, with date and time to be mentioned in this paper. Labor-Management Groups lip 9.1% In Month By Federated Frees WASHINGTON, Dec. 10—War production drives are being organ ized in 1833 war plants by labor management committees, the War Production Board said recently. They represent more than 3,300,000 workers. Numbers of committees increased 9.1% in October. The 100 newest plants boasting labor-management committee®, made public by the WPB, include 18 mines in Pennsyl vania organized by United Mine Workers (unaffiliated). of Labor and management commit tee stimulus is extended to the work of 600,000 shipyard workers in alL Over half of the 1700 committees are in plants averaging 1,000 work ers to the plant. Among the plants newly listed are the U. S. Navy Yard, Naval Aircraft factory, Philadelphia, the U. S. Naval air station, Quonset Point, R. I., the U. S. Navy Yard, Charleston, S. C., U. S. Naval Am munitions depot, Portsmouth, Va., U. S. Naval mine depot, Yorktown, Va., and the Postal Telegraph Cable Co., San Francisco, under contract to the American Comuni catioas Association (CIO). Ltckendorf Strike Settled Company Agrees To Union Demands Striking employes of the Licken dorf Hardware Co., 2627 Monroe St., returned to work Monday after a nine-day strike for recognition and higher wages. The strikers, members of Local 14, CIO, called their strike after several attempts had been made to get a settlement and recognition, including submission of their case to Edwin Ruffin, head of the To ledo Industrial Peace Board. Settlement was effected by in creases in wages ranging from 8 to 10 per cent and recognition of the union as the bargaining agent foi the employee. Gas Rationing Roy Geller, employed in the metalurgical department at the W. O. Plant, will gladly answer your questions rela tive to gasoline rationing. He may be reached at GA. .4304 or at the rationing board in the Indiana School, phone GA. 233S. Christmas Commiflee i ommtitee members are working Christmas party a success. Committee Free War Work Training Planned For 1,500,000 By Federated PreM More than 100 million dollars will be spent on training for war production 1,500,000 men and women now working in non-essen tial industrials, the American Vo cational Association announced to 1,000 educators at its annual con vention in Toledo, Dec. 2. Two-thirds of the new trainees will b® women, said Association President John J. Seidel, who also revealed that a training program was being developed for jobless workers in New York and other areas. The training courses will be free and open to any person 17 years or older regardeless of previous, ex perience in any professional or technical field. Vocational education is expand ing tremendously under stimulus of the war effort, said Dr. John Wright, assistant commissioner vocational education in the U. Office of Education. Christmas Party Plans Near Completion Plans announced last week by the Christmas Party Committee for the children of Local 12 are rapid ly being completed according to Edward Courturiere, Chairman of the committee. Purchases of goodies and toy® to gladden the heart of the children have been made by the committee and more members than ever turned out for the last Monday night meeting to further the work of the committee of making the party the biggest and best ever at tempted by the Local. “No efforts have been spared to make the party a great success,” said chairman Courturiere, “our members are turning out in great shape and working to put this thing over in a way that will linger long in the memories of both the kiddies and their parents.” Plans have been mad® by the committee to pack the candy boxes on Friday, Dec. 18. Brother Cour turiere in discussing the work to be done for the party said, “I hope that many of the members of our Local will volunteer to give us a hand in getting boxes and gifts ready for the party.” He asks that all volunteers who can do so report on December 18, and help out with the big task. Sixty volunteers could get the job done in two hours according to .the chairman. Tha Christmas party will be held this year on Sunday afternoon, December 20, at the Civic Audito rium beginning at 2:00 p. m. Local 12’s band, under the direction of Director Carman Broderick, will furnish music, and a fat, red-faced Santa Claus will distribute tons of goodies, candies, toys and fruits to all the children. Feed Ships Survivors NEW YORK (FP)—Ships’ cooks and stewards prepared and deliver ed Thanksgiving Day dinners to 450 survivors of torpedoed freight ers in United Seamen’s Service rest homes in this area. hard to make the children’s members above are right to left rear, AS illiam Joy, Lewis Mattox, Richard Smith. Front, Geo. O’Henry William Healy, Chas. Johnson and Ed Courturiere, Chairman. Catholic Paper Blasts Proposed Newsprint Out By Federated PreM SEATTLE, Dee. 10—Protesting against th® publisher -dominated WPB Newspaper Industry Advisory Committee and its proposed lObi horizontal cut in newsprint con sumption, Social Action, indepen dent Catholic monthly newspaper printed in Seattle, pointed out: “We in th® Northwest know there is no real pulp log shortage. Social Action has in its files abso lute proof that there is not even a manpower shortage in the woods., More than half the Northwest log-i ging operators have failed to live up to President Roosevelt’s demand for 48-hour weekly production be cause they would have to pay eight hours per week overtime!” The Catholic newspaper also Skid that if a shortage is shown to exist and curtailment is necessary, “be fore a single publication that is an expression of opinion ... is cur tailed in its allotment of newsprint, we favor the risque, dirty, moronic magazines dealing in filth, murder or so-called comics, being put on the shelf for the duration.” C. of S. More than 2,500,000 persons were enrolled in U. S. financed vocation al classes during the fiscal year ending last June 30. In addition ther® were 4,134,558 persons en rolled in pre-employment and sup plementary training courses. Social Action pointed out that “capitalist dominated newspapers could easily stand a cut in news print by dropping a few pages or eliminating an extra edition. Cap italist opinion would not be muz zled. But with labor papers and other organs of minority opinion curtailmentwould create a definite threat to freedom of pression.” Surprise, Surprise— Corporate Profits Doing Very Well By Federated PreM WASHINGTON, Dec. 10 —The Commerce Department Nov. 29 re ported “an unexpected and remark able achievement.” Not so unex pected to labor, the achievement was this: profits as usual. After all taxes are allowed for net corporate profits for the first nine months of 1942 will be some 5% less than the “relatively high level of 1941.” Then, coming as close to bubbling over as a Commerce Department report could and at the same time preserve its reputation for re straint, it adds: the maintenance of profits at so little below last year’s level represents an unexpected and re markable achievement.” Profits before taxation rose 40%. Net profits were 4,903 million dol lars as compared to 5,150 millions for the like period of 1941. All in all, the Commerce Department felt it safo to say with complete ob jectivity: “There is no confirmation from the facts now available that either the war or high taxes are destroy ing the profitability of American corporate business.” Nelson Urges First Holiday of Year at War By Federated Praaa WASHINGTON—Chairman Donald Nelson, War Produc tion Board, Nov. 27, said he thought all war workers should take a holiday on Christmas Day. “During this year of war there have been no full holidays in war pro duction,” he said. Lawyers Guild Backs Anti Trust Suit Names Bryce For Carey's Place George C. Bryce who was defeated by Prosecutor Thomas J. O’Connor on the non-partisan judicial ballot in the No vember election, was named by a “non-partisan” city council to take the place of former Mayor John Q. Carey, who was elected on the non-partisan judicial ballot Nov. 3. Thomas Burke, financial secretary of Local 12 CIO, was nominated by Councilman Ollie Czelusta and drew one vote, Czelusta’s, on the first ballot. Councilman Michael DiSalle who had placed the name of John Kelly in nomination, gave Burke his vote on the 4th By Federated Frew NEW YORK, Dee. 10—Support of the Justice Department’s anti trust suit against the Associated Press, which grew out of a com plaint filed by the Federated Press early this year, has ben pledged by the national executive board of the National Lawyers Guild, at a meet ing on Nov. 28. The board adopted a resolution stating that the “contention of the Associated Press that the govern ment’s anti-trust against it is a violation of freedom of press is without foundation." Appointment of a special com mittee by Guild President Robert W.Kenny to study and report on the general question of freedom of the press and the dissemination of news ia wartime also .wa* author ized. More vigorous prosecution by the Justice Department of persons and state officials responsible for lynch ing and of state officials responsi ble for disfranchisement of Negro citizens was demanded in a report adopted by the board. A committee will be sent to visit Atty. Gen. Francis Biddle, the sec retaries of War and Navy and other government agencies charged with the administration of the war ef fort to urge that firmer steps be taken against discrimination and that it be eliminated from go vein men agencies. The essence of the war mobiliza tion plan containd in the Tolan committee report and th® Tolan Pepper-Kilgore bills was approved by the board but it propose^ that this plan be instituted by executive order of President Roosevelt in order to seed maximum production. ex Me Too, Says Taft By Federated PreM WASHINGTON, Dec. 10—After all, is $25,000 a reasonable salary? That is what Chairman Walter F. George (D., Ga.) of the Senate Finance Committee, wants to know. The new Congress is sure to want to know the same thing, he says. Just because $25,000 looks reason ably large to a worker turning out airplane parts it doesn’t necessarily to a congressman. George says that on this point hinges the jurisdiction of the Treas ury. The Treasury in the past was allowed to fix what it considered a reasonable salary which it would allow a company to charge off as business expenses in computing taxes. Senators Arthur H. Vandenburg (R., Mich.) and Robert A. Taft (R., O.), who could be expected to sym pathize with George’ concern for the executive cut to $25,000 after all taxation was paid, said they didn’t think Congress ever gave the President powers broad enough to do such a thing. WASHINGTON—CIO President Philip Murray protested white washing of the lumber situation by the organized industry and WPB lumber officers before the senate committee investigating the war program. WASHINGTON—The Presi dent will urge congress to more fully itnptement a cardinal point of his 7-point program in 1943, extending the $25,000 net salary limitation to investment incomes. ww- .z ap -K? ballot. Thereafter, Burke re ceived no other votes. Lehman Packs Meeting Earl Lehmann, who ran 10th in the last municipal elections, was nominated by Mayor Lloyd Roulet and received at least one vote in every ballot until the 20th, at which time the mayor explained that since his candidate had re ceived but one vote, he was going to break the deadlock and cast his vote for Georgo C. Bryce. This turned the tide, and Thacher clinched it for Bryce by casting tha fifth and deciding vote in his favor. Councilman Arthur Jurrus, A. F. of L. member of Council who had nominated former Councilman Frank Consaul, rose to ask that the vote be made unanimous. Former Mayor Roy Start, 20 Ballots To Elect For 19 ballots Council labored, and each time brought forth a deadock, but on the 20th, Mayor Roulet broke the deadlock which resulted in the election of George C. Bryce. Mr. Lehman’s crowd was definitely disappointed in th® decision. Robert Pugh, former member of the State Legislature, spoke in be half of the CIO candidate, Tom Burke. He pointed out that Mu Burke’s experience th the Stat® Legislature, as well as his qualifi cations of experience and educa tion fitted him for the coun cilmanic position. He explained that, while there were more tha® 40,000 CIO members in Toledo, they were bringing no pressure to bear in behalf of Burke. Bryce After Nine Ballots After the ninth ballot, it became apparent that the race was be tween Captain Millard, nominated by Councilman Ira Bame, and George C. Bryce, who had been named by Councilman Howard Etchen. Councilman Hoover gave votes to Cyrus Harris, Negro candidate named by Councilman Addison Q. Thacher, as well as W. T. Hunts man and Clinton Gamer, both of the latter named by him. Thacher Supplies Comedy In addition to supplying the de ciding vote for George C. Bryce, Councilman Addison Q. Thacher supplied the relief comedy. When it came Thacher’s turn to make his nomination on the roll call, he rose and looking around, said, "Well, I ought to name some body.” and when this had drawn a laugh from the more than 200 spec tators who were packed into the Council chamber, he said, “I did have three others I wanted to nom inate,” and then proceeded to name Cyrus Harris, a Negro, who, said Thacher, “would give a minority group of 18,000 citizens of Toledo direct representation in the Coun cil. Seeks Injunction on Vote Among other matters brought before Council prior to the nomina tions for Judge Carey’s place, was a letter from Edgar T. Henderson asking the city to have its attorney file an injunction suit to prevent an election among city employes to designate whether the A. F. of L. or CIO would have the bargaining right®. Councilman DiSalle moved that the suit be instituted by the city only because it “might save the city money if the taxpayer institutes the suit himself and won.” Continued on Page 2. Column 1 fIl _..,F I as well as representatives for th® Small Business Men’s Association, were present and spoke in behalf of Earl Lehman. After each talk for Lehmann, the audience, which was overwhelmingly Lehman, ap plauded long and loudly.