TOLEDO UNION JOURNAL
Published every Friday by Local No. 12.
U.A.W.-C.I.O. 425 Winthrop Street
Editor...................................................................... Melvin Schultz
Managing Editor.........................................................O. J. Pecord
Board of Trustees
Walter Murphy, Melvin Schultz, Thomas Burke
SI BSCR1PTION RATES
One year, by mail, in Advance............................................S1.5(
‘TATTED 1TE STAND”
If coming events cast their shadow beforehand, the
slight attention paid to the candidacy of Tom Burke, CIO can
didate for the Council seat vacated by former Mayor John Q.
Carey, should show the workers of Toledo where they stand
in the opinion of Council.
Of the eight members who named Attorney George C.
Bryce, only two of them gave Mr. Burke a vote, and each of
them gave him but one vote on one ballot.
And the strange thing is that the CIO is not a minority
group but consists of 40,000 or more dues-paying members
who have friends and relatives in sympathy with the CIO
Every seventh person you pass on the streets of Toledo
is a member of the CIO. Every fourth person passed is re
lated to a member of the CIO.
The significant thing is that the CIO, while not being a
minority group, is treated as one when it does not show its
By contrast, Mr. Silas Harris, who was the choice of
18,000 Negroes in Toledo, received 20 or more votes, which in
dicates that here is a minority group which is conscious of its
political power and realizes that it must use this power not
only in self-defense, but in a constructive way to secure gains
which the group is entitled to.
In Monday’s Council meeting lies an object lesson which
should not be lost upon the CIO, for it again evidences what
has been so often stated, that ballots, and not words, win elec
tions, and that the only voice’to which the politician pays
heed is the voice of those who vote their convictions.
Let no one imagine that there are not issues in this city
because they have been ignored or played down. And these
issues vitally affect the welfare of all of us, particularly those
who work for a living.
These issues will be brought to light as they occur, and
when next fall comes, an awakened and politically conscious
CIO will march to the polls and express its choice.
The CIO cannot be ignored. Even in time of war when
politicians get the impression they are forgotten because they
do not receive front page attention, our public servants must
be watched lest they get the impression that their jobs are
sinecures and they may remain as long as they please.
Ever since Germany marched into the Netherlands, the
name of Quisling has become synonomous of blackest treach
A Quisling has become known as one who is guilty of
the worst kind of betrayal, for he is a traitor to his own
country in aiding the enemy secure control, for the personal
power that will come to him as a result.
Few indeed have had the opportunities in this or any
other war to rat more than once. Benedict Arnold, famous
American traitor, had but one opportunity, and many other
famous traitors received but one chance to betray their own
This then makes Admiral Darlan outstanding, for he has
changed his loyalty, chemeleon-like, from the French to the
Germans and now to the Americans, alxyays landing in a po
sition of relative power, or at least in one which preserves his
status as a man of affairs and importance.
Darlan has become America’s first Quisling, a man who
can be purchased by whoever finds themselves in a position
to need to buy him.
But, fortunately, most Americans are not favorable to
the military expediency which caused our military leaders in
North Africa to make a deal with Darlan, and although the
claim is made that it is just a temporary arrangement and
will be abandoned as soon as practicable, the whole thing ap
pears In bad light and makes it seem that we are trying to
out-Hitlar Hitler in our use of the double cross to win
It would be well to bring this incident to a close and soon,
for while we may gain temporary advantage from the Darlan
deal, it has never been the practice of American soldiers to
win battles by corruption. We can defeat Hitler with bullets
and should not stoop to low practices to buy off political
prostitutes who may stand in our way. I
With the American forces in North Africa and Dakar in
our hands, many people are\ beginning to look forward to an
early end of the war.
While It may happen that the European war may end
sooner than anyone believes and even assuming that it does,
the war will not be over until we have defeated the Japanese.
Japan is a determined and fanatic country. Devoted to
the Mikado, the Japanese soldier, despite much that has been
written to the contrary is not a pushover. He will fight until
overcome or taken prisoner.
Look over the vast reaches of the Pacific and observe the
territory which must be retaken, step by step, from our ene
mies, and it should not be difficult to understand why this
war will not be over for a long time.
By MELVIN M. SCHULTZ,
Recording Secretary, Local No. 12,
What would you do with 260
million dollars if you had it to
Chances are, that you would put
it into circulation as soon as you
could find the things that you de
sired to spend it for.
You do have this 260 million dol
lars, but in order to spend it for
the purpose for which it was col
lected, you must collectively issue
the order. This is the amount of
money which the Ohio Unemploy
ment Compensation Bureau claims
to have in its treasury.
Do you remember the short ra
tions you were getting when you
were forced to accept your un
employed benefits while the busi
ness-like administrators of these
funds were pointing out the amount
of money they were saving even
as they are doing today?
It is a foregone conclusion that
none of us will need money for
food, clothing or shelter when we
pass to the world beyond. Then
why must funds be piled high to
afford someone a glorious hand
clapping by the vested interests?
I am sure we all accept the
principle of laying away a proper
amount for the rainy day, but if
that proverbial rainy day comes
and we can't get into the shelter,
what good does it do us?
Improvement of our Unemploy
ment Compensation law would be
justifiable. Weekly benefits should
be provided for at least 26 weeks
a minimum benefit of $12.00 per
week for any individual and $3.00
extra for each dependent a maxi
mum benefit of $26.00 with an ad
ditional $6.00 to the claimant if he
or she have any dependents eli
gibility for benefits to be based
only on the qualification that the
claimant must have worked at least
in 20 calendar weeks in the period
of one year immediately preceding
the filing of his claim.
Why do we apeak of Unemploy
ment Compensation now when most
people are gainfully employed?
Because now is the time when
changes can be effected. The State
Legislature will meet in January,
1948, and according to all reports
will have a very short session,
after which the opportunity to have
the law changed will not occur
again for two years.
To Work Victorious
By CARL HAESSLER
By Federated Press
WINDSOR, ONT., Dec. 5—Ford
Motor Co. of Canada failed to get
away with its plan to break its
promise on equal pay for women
workers doing men’s jobs in the
Windsor plants aa 13,000 strikes
returned to their places Nov. 30
under a settlement worked out by
the government. Two feeder plants
with 800 workers had been obliged
to shut down by Ford’s bad faith
by the stoppage that began Nov.
24. Ford is under contract with
Ford Local 200, UAW-CIO.
Ford’s pretext for hiring women
at 32c an hour was that they were
to be clerical workers. They were
put to work, however, in produc
tion areas and not in offices. The
temporary settlement keeps all
women out of production areas and
if there were any clerical workers
among those hired at 32 cents they
will have to work in offices until
the government decision clears up
the general wage policy.
The union insists on equal pay
for equal work as a matter of fair
labor policy, holding that sex
should be no excuse for undercut
ting rates so long as the same out
put is maintained.
The union declared at the time
that Ford’s refusal was a disrup
tive tactic by which “national
unity is given another body-blow
to the delight of Hitler’s forces of
barbarism.’* Before long Ford sur
rendered and the arbiter’s award
went in effect.
For Last L. A.
SAN FRANCISCO (FP) The
state pardon advisory hoard has
recommended that the life sentence
of Matthew A. Schmidt, last re
maining defendant in the Los
Angeles Tinies bombing in 1910,
be commuted to time served.
Schmidt, now 61, has been on
parole and working as a master
mechanic in Illinois since August,
1939. He was in San Francisco re
cently for the funeral of his sister,
Katherine, and the unions which
had worked unceasingly for his re
lease then renewed their applica
tions to the pardon board.
Gov. Cuthbert L. Olson is expect
ed to follow the board’s recom
mendation as one of his last offi
TOLEDO UNION JOURNAL
Drawn for Office of War Information
By CLAUDE HESS,
W.-O. Executive Committee.
One of the items of principal
interest brought out in the National
CIO convention held in Boston from
Nov. 9 to 14 was that 76 million
dollars has been appropriated for
the National War Labor Board,
and not one labor organization is
represented on the board.
The NWLB which, as its name
indicates, deals with labor, is com
posed mostly of dol!ar-a-year busi
ness men whose principal interest
is in dollars, and secondary inter'cat
in winning the war.
Most of the dollar-a-year men
could be sent home so far as any
thing constructive toward winning
the war is concerned, and replaced
with labor’s representatives who
would do a good job and try and
get this war over with in a hurry.
After all, labor is not profiting by
the war but is standing still as far
as economic-social progress is con
It would be a great step for
ward, if legislation would be passed
to have all workers covered in a
health and sickness program. There
has been a lot of talk and no action
on this program which would be
of great benefit to all workers.
Racial discrimination came to for
discussion by the convention. All
agreed that such discrimination
should ba stopped, and southern!
senators who opposed the anti-poll
tax bill which is definitel,. discrim
inatory were denounced by the con
Did you know that a committee
representing British labor paid a
visit to this country to find out
what American workers think about
this war, and to sound us out for
what ideas we have on a post-war
Our convention extended the
British Labor Committee an invita
tion and gave them a place on the
British labor is well represented
and one of their committee gave a
speech to the convention which
drew thunderous applause and met
with what appeared to be unani
mous agreement With what was
said in the talk.
Senator Claude Pepper, Florida
Democrat, was one of the outstand
ing speakers of the convention.
Senator Pepper believes we
should have better labor legislation
and spoke on several recommended
pieces of legislation which met with
the hearty approval of the entire
As Senator Pepper talked, many
of us agreed among ourselves
“it’s too bad the senator isn’t from
Ohio.” We couldn’t help comparing
Senator Pepper with Taft, and the
comparison wall, you make the
Mayor Tobin of Boston, and Gov
ernor Leverett Saltonstall of Mas
sachusetts both spoke to the con
vention. Believe it or not, both
openly bragged that the CIO had
done more than a little hit to help
them into office. So that makes
the CIO political amateurs. Or
Mayor Tobin happens to be a
Democrat, while Governor Salton
stall is a Republican, which indi
cates that labor is not interested
in party lines so much as it is in
getting men into office who will do
something for it.
In this connection, the thought
occurred to me that it is a shame
that w« in Ohio couldn’t have elect-
By O. J. Pecord
At the time the NRA first went
into effect, many large companies
and some small ones, realizing their
employes had been given the right
to organize and collectively bar
gain, sought to beat their men to
the punch by organizing oompany
One of the biggest boomerangs
around this part of the country,
so far as the union was concerned,
was a union formed by one of the
Great Lakes shipping companies.
After the union had been or
ganized under company stooges,
the employers sat back and and
congratulated themselves that they
had done a fine piece of work and
their worries were over.
But they had picked the wrong
men to head the company union. As
a result, their own union began
making demands upon them, most
of which were far in excess of any
thing similar unions, not company
inspired were asking.
As a result, the company was
glad to get rid of their ungrateful
brain child and let the men enter a
regularly organized union which
was not exorbitant in its demands,
but simply asked for a decent wage
and better working conditions.
Many similar instances have oc
cured where company inspired
unions have kicked over in the
traces and double crossed the com
pany. In fact, that is one factor
which the company can never be
certain about, for even company
unions develop ideas from watching
regularly constituted unions in ac
tion, and these ideas do not coincide
with the idea which the company
had when it created its labor child.
With so many illustrations of the
futility of company unions, not
only to stay put with respect to the
company, but to create other diffi
culties about which many com
panies have learned to their sor
row, it is indeed strange that there
are still smart business men who
fail for the idea.
In the long run, most company
inspired unions fail. Either they
cannot aid the members by effec
tive demands upon the employer,
because that is the way employers
want it, and so drive members into
other legitimate unions, or they get
out of hand and the company is
glad to get rid of them.
By TED TAYLOR.
SPEAKING OF CASTING: Re
member that pouting match be
tween Bette Davis and Warner
Bros, a few years ago? Now on
top of talk of renaming the Warner
theater the Bette Davis theater is
talk of filming the star’s autobiog
raphy (current in the Ladies Home
Journal) with Bette Davis playing
Bette Davis. (The moral is prob
ably that money isn’t everything
when $25,000 is all you can have.)
THREAT: Gypsy Rose Lee tells
friends she won’t be outstripped by
Clare Booth Luce—she’ll go into
politics herself. After all Miss Lee
is literati, too—The G-String Mur
der and Mother Finds the Body.
W1NNAH: Al Rogell, directing
Republic’s Hit Parade of 1943, of
fered a $50 war bond for the corn
iest song title of the year. W. F.
McFadden of Arlington, Va., takes
the bond with “Autumn Leaves in
the Gutter, Never Again Will They
ed men to office this fall who
would represent us.
By KEITH WELCH
The shortage of bread threatened
by Senator Clyde Reed of .Kansas
is apparently another step by the
guardians of special interests to
render the price ceiling laws mean
Last summer and fall the press
featured articles pointing out that
our country lacked storage space
for our bumper crop of grain. If
there is a shortage of bread in the
near future it will be because the
Millers & Grain Brokers refused to
unload their holdings until their
dreams of a $2.50 bushel of wheat
and a 20 cent loaf of bread are
realized. Certainly the farmers will
not benefit as their stores of grain,
other than reserves fo? feed and
seed, are insignificant.
Such predictions as those of
Senator Reed create artificial
shortages where none, in fact, ex
ist. If our wives and mothers were
to dash out to the corner grocery
store and buy flour in large quan
tities, a temporary shortage ght
be created. This would give these
gloomy prophets a lever to use on
the OPA to advance the price
The most evil result would be,
however, the impact upon our for
eign policy of any rise in grain
prices. Our whole International
Policy is based upon winning over
the peoples of conquered lands by
feeding them. The lives of thou
sands of our fighting forces and of
our Allies depend upon how well
we do the job of supplying these
starving masses with food. With
grain at a higher price this pro
gram would be handicapped from
If we are to accomplish our oh*
jective in foreign lands we must
resist to the utmost this attempt
to stampede ua into a situation of
panic and fear over a shortage of
the “staff of life.” Saving the lives
of our men in Service is more im
portant than paying these parasitic
gamblers in bread even one cent
more for their hoarded grain.
WASHINGTON (FP) For the
first time the National War Labor
Board Dec. 2 took away an estab
clause, because of a strike in which
the Chemical Workers Union
(AFL) took part.
Members of the union went on
strike Sept. 8 at the East Alton
Illi.) Mfg. Co., subsidiary of the
Western Cartridge Co., returning
Sept. 11 on the urging of A FL
President William Green. The panel
in the case admitted the company’s
attitude wag “persisently anti
C. of C. Opposes
By Federated Preea
ALBANY, N. ¥., Dec. 10—Oppo
sition to conscription of labor is
expressed in a report of the New
York State Chamber of Commerce
which calls for centralization «»t
control of the nation’s manpower
in one agency which would have
authority over recruiting for the
armed services, war and civilian
The C. of C., however, made It
clear that it was still a C. of C. by
also recomending that time-and-a
half overtime pay not be paid until
after 48 hours a week ant that leg
islation be passed to prohibit so
called jurisdictional and sympathy
Tribute To The Flog
By LARRY NACHTRAB
American citizens have no greater privilege than to stand
in reverence before their flag.
Into our flag’s fabric is woven the sweat and toil gfl
blood of our forefathers. George Washington and
Forge are there. Abraham Lincoln and the Unknown So^|
march silently beside it. In it are the heroes of Pearl Har
bor, Corregidor and a hundred other battle fields. It is the
challenge of 48 states united in a common and holy cause.
But our flag is more than the achievement and glory of
America, because in it are you and I and every man and
woman in this vast country of ours. In it are every Union
and union man, the business men, workers, farmers, and
public officials, and every element which has contributed or
is contributing to make our country great.
And because we are all in our flag, it becomes an ex
pression of our character, our loyalty, our ideals. It sym
bolizes liberty and democracy. It is the silent token of the
four freedoms for which we have fought, and for which we
once more are fighting.
The Labor Unions of our country, of which we are
privileged to be a part, are a great and influential group in
our nation. As such, they have a responsibility, a duty to
perform—a duty toward our flag. The right of organization,
the right of property, the security of the American home
are the very essence of our democracy. To preserve that
right and guaranteed that security must then be our task.
When we have won this war, and win it we shall, that
flag and what it symbolizes will be the light and hope of the
world. Let us keep it clean and unsullied from the greed and
selfishness of men who have brought strife within their own
and others lands, and plunged the world into this terrible
HALF SHALL DIE
Mother Shipton, in the 14th Century wrote:
"When pictures move with actions free,
When ships, like fishes, swim beneath the sea,
When men spread wings that span the sky,
Then half the world, deep drenched in blood, shall die.
We have moving pictures. Ships now swim beneath the
sea. Men have conquered the sky, and half the world deep
drenched in blood is dying.
God gave us, without any cost, other than labor, the
mountains with their buried wealth, the streams with their
power, and plains rich with plenty. We have mastered
earth and harvested its resources. We have produced
abundance but we have not always used these gifts for
benefit of all God’s children.
We shall not see lasting peace or the security we so high
ly prize and for which we strive, until we have learned this
Whatever may be the cost, let us continue our support
of all our efforts, to the end that we may prove our loyalty
and devotion to the flag. It cannot be, as we vision, the hope
and light of the world unless we who are a part of it have
brought to all in our land security, the right of property
without infringing on human rights, and a reasonable access
to God’s gifts, for these things are the soul of freedom and
mean real democracy.
By Federated Preea
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10—Secre
tary of Navy Frank Knox in a
special message to labor Dec. 7
congratulated the men and women
of American industry for doing a
remarkable job for the armed
“The meg in the Fleet are eter
nally grateful to the soldiers of
production whe are furnishing them
with these weapons of war on
time,” he said, speaking of ships,
aircraft, munitions and other sup
“Existing production records
must be broken,” he warned, “and
that calls for even greater cooper
ation between management and la
bor in American industry.”
Absenteeism, industrial accidents,
work spoilage and waste must be
reduced to a minimum, he said.
Health and safety programs in
plants and shipyards can do much
toward this end, he said.
active in the labor movement for
72 years, predicted on his 90th
birthday that he would live to see
December 4, 1942
While the big business and mon
opolistic aspects of the daily press
have become more and more pro
nounced since World War I, one
thing that is encouraging and
promising for the future is the
growing number of labor publica
Here is a thought for those who feel that the deprivations, necessi
tated in the cause of victory, are greater than they can bare.
We in America have little more than disturbed the dust on the
book of sacrifice while our allies have memorized and thrown the
book away. They know well its last pages, which were soiled with
sweat and blood.
Labor papers have been and are z'”*
established in response to a very
definite need and demand for them.
As the latest addition to this im
portant field of journalism, you are
to be congratulated.
All my good wishes for a long,
long existence of eervice to the
Editor. The Kenosha Labor*
the AFL and CIO reunited. He is
secretary of Local 58, Inti. Umcn
of Hatters, Cap & Millinery Work
ers (AFL), and secretary of the
Chicago Trade Union Label
The far stretches of old Russia lies
Beneath the cold celestial skies,
The hoary frost of wintry breath
Sweeps o’er the steppes with frozen death.
Death to a deadly foe it bring*
And the dying voice of the peasant sings
A song that rings from sea to sea,
Of gallant men dying free,
Knowing others yet shall trod
O’er nameless graves beneath the sod.
What love of home! What human toll!
Yet shall Russia rise—rise with soul.
Great Stalingrad upon the Don
Shall stand when all her atones are gone,
And the red waters having carried far
The crimson of her men of war.
Yet shall it stand, a mighty spectre, j|HP
Though ruin show her gory
Yet shall she wear the cloak of honor 1
And all the centuries know her glory.
“The Bard of Flatrock.*
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