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the Legislature j By M. R. MJNNAGAX Special Writer for The Democrat - . Raleigh, N. C.—Although the im portant appropriations and revenue biils, before the joint committee of House and Senate for three or four weeks, were promised and expected the past week, they did not actually appear, all of which causes prophets to change their estimates of the time the 1933 General Assembly will ad journ. They are not able to see how the work can be ended and adjourn ment reached before March has passed, although the 60 days for which the $lO a day is figured, end ed Saturday. The legislators are now without pay, if they drew the money as due, as most of them did. While the appropriations measure was not actually reported last week, it was ready and copies Were distrib uted to the legislators. As prepared, the measure calls for appropriations ‘of $83,164,593 for the next two years about equally divided between the years. This amount is about $20,000,- 000 less than appropriations used du ring the present biennium, but is al most $5,000,000 more than the bud get bureau’s recommendations of $78,264,413 for the two years. The bill includes an appropriation of $13,370,000 a year for schools, but on the six-month basis, and $3,- 300,000 less than the allotment for the present biennium, of which $2,- 325,000 comes from the six-month term, $900,000 from the extended term, and $75,000 from the emer gency fund. The committee adopted the budget bureau’s figures for the schools, which includes a 15 per cent, cut in teachers salaries and 25 per cent reductions for superintendents. Efforts to cut the total to $10,000,- 000, as well as to provide for eight months, were defeated. The general fund appropriation is fixed at $24,728,770 and $25,326,- 105 for each of the next two years, while the highways would receive $16,209,310 and $16,428,488 for the two years, all figures being nearly a million dollars a year higher than the budget recommendations. The Great er University would get $832,240 for each year, $76,000 more than the budget bureau recommended, but far below the amounts requested by the combined institutions. Other adjust ments were made in the amounts the budget bureau fixed, usually in creases. And the finance committees will have to find the money to meet these appropriations, unless other adjust ments are made after that body’s re port is received. The appropriations report is expected to be formally pre sented Monday night, and the reve nue measure then or soon after. If any of the legislators sees away out without a sales tax he has not dis closed it, even though great pressure is being brought to bear against any | new or additional taxes. Chief of these was the mass meeting Thurs day7, sponsored by the Grange, the merchants and the Economy League, attended by probably 2,000 people. The 15-cent ad valorem tax on property, bringing' some less than $4,000,000 last year, will undoubted ly be removed, and with all of the cuts, it is not yet seen how funds for debt service, the six months school term and the State’s general activi ties, even at reduced cost, can be carried on without taxes from some other source. However, the two bod ies may further cut the appropria tions recommended and get them down so low that present tax sched ules may be enough. However, that would mean a very drastic cut, and may not be resorted to. A flurry was caused in both houses Friday when the bill giving the Com missioner of Banks authority to de clare holidays for State banks ask ing it was thrown into the hopper. It was passed by the House, then by the Senate, and ratified within an hour of its introduction, a record of speed. Governor J. C. B. Ehringhaus and Commissioner of Banks Gurney P. Hood issued a statement saying no legal bank holiday would be declared, the bill applying only to those banks asking it, and in which conditions, in the opinion of Mr. .Hood, justified it. It was explained that since num bers of other states had declared hol idays in banks, big depositors having money in. banks in many states were drawing it out of North Carolina banks to such an extent, while it was tied up in others, that some such step was necessary. Few banks are asking for a holiday. Indications are that a convention may yet be called to consider changes in the State Constitution. Also, it appears that one will also be called to pass on repeal or retention of the 18th Amendment. In both cases the convention would be composed of 120 members, elected as are members of the House. A bill by A. D. Mac- Lean calls for the 18th amendment convention, while the Constitutional Amendments Committee suggests the convention on the constitutional changes. Numbers of measures are still in process, their fate being un certain. ' Calendars in both Senate and (Continued on page 7.) WATAUGA DEMOCRAT A Non-Partisan Newspaper, Devoted to the Best Interests of Northwest North Carolina VOLUME XLIV, NUMBER 36 MANY ATTEND THE FIRST SESSION OF RECORDER’S COURT Heavy Docket Came Up for Trial at First Setting of New Tribunal. Fine* and Suspended Sentences Comprise Most of the Verdicts. Walter Bumgarner Given Road Sentence on Whiskey Charge. Judge G. M. Suddreth had a busy day Tuesday when his recorder’s court met for the first time, and he and Solicitor Charles T. Zimmerman made rapid headway toward clearing up the criminal docket for this week’s term. An unusually large crowd was| present to see the new court go into I action, and following are the verdicts I rendered: Roby South, possession, $lO and cost; six month’s suspended sentence. John Snyder, possession and carry ing weapons, $lO in each case and the cost; 2 month suspended sen tence. A. L. Dotson, possession, dismissed. Burton Church, possession, not guilty. Everett Story, possession, 6 months suspended sentence; assessed with the costs. Walter Bumgarner, possession, 60 days on road. Roger Ashley, possession, 4 months suspended on payment of costs. Ira Cornell and Arnold Ford, lar ceny, $lO each and costs. William Furr and Lee Thompson, larceny. Action witheld pending in formation from West Virginia, where they are said to be wanted. FUTURE OF SCHOOL SYSTEM DEPENDS ON THE GRADUATES Educational Problems Facing North Carolina Discussed at Boone Meet ing. Dean Rankin and Dr. B. B. Dougherty Speak Briefly. Econom ic Conditions Bring People Face to Face With Problem. Initiating the first of a series of “Get-Acquainted” meetings between the Juniors and Seniors and the fac ulty at Appalachian State College. President Dougherty and Dean J. D. Rankin spoke briefly Thursday night in Lovell Auditorium on present ed ucational conditions. “The future of the teachers’ col leges in the State depends upon the product they turn out,” said Dr. Dougherty. “Present economic con ditions have brought us face to face with a great problem. We must ei ther solve that problem or justify the existence of this special type of institution—the teachers’ college —or then it must go. “The president of Columbia Uni versity lists three requisites for a college degree. Character cule culture and scholarship. To that I should like to add a fourth, ranking above scholarship in importance—skill. To me, those four qualify the student of a teachers’ college for a degree. To three of them the ordinary col lege is favorable. It is only in a teachers’ college, by means of the demonstration school system, that skill, this fourth requisite, is ac quired.” Dean Rankin spoke more in de tail of the present economic crisis. “The generation before me,” said Dr. Rankin, “were faced with the gigantic task, of reconstruction. They suffered greatly and sacrificed much in order to make conditions better for us. Today that structure for which they slaved has again tottered. You of today, as the leaders of a new generation, are again faced with the back-breaking and heart-rending task of rebuilding that which has fal len. It is a difficult task. The post war generation must face, first of all, the immediate problem of ad justment. And it is you, as teachers of the State, who must bear a great share of that responsibility for ad justment.” Two Make Good their Escape from Bastile Two prisoners in the Watauga jail, Clyde Combs and one Parlier, held on charges of immoral conduct and larceny respectively, made good their escape from the bastile Friday night, by sawing a bar from a win dow. Outside aid is thought to have been furnished, and apparently, the steel was softened by heating with a blow torch and a hack saw used to finish the job. The sheriff’s office says that no clues are available as to the whereabouts of the fugitives and I it is believed their escape has been perfected. BOONE, WATAUGA COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 193; Budget Director I | Representative L. W. Douglas of I Arizona is the new director of the [ Budget in the Roosevelt adminis- I tration. Announcmeent of his ap pointment was received with favor in Washington. SHERIFF’S OF TWO COUNTIES PROBE DEATH OF HIGGINS Funeral Services for Lenoir Man Held Saturday. Died from Skull Fracture When He Was Alleged to Have Fallen Down Stairway in Boone. Local People Believed to Be Clear of Complicity. James H. Higgins, Lenoir man, died in a hospital in that city Friday where he had been a patient fpr six weeks, following cerebral injuries re ceived when he is said to have fallen down a stairway at an apartment house in Boone, where a former, wife and son reside. Funeral services were conducted Saturday. -Sheriffs Tolbert of Caldwell and Howell of Watauga spent most of the time Monday and Tuesday con ducting an investigation into the af fair, but have received no evidence sufficient to warrant an arrest- The party which accompanied Higgins to Boone on the night in question con sisted of five persons, three couples in all, and information is that they vvere inebriated. The most direct evi dence given came from a'woman, who testified that she accompanied Higgins to the apartment where he wished to see his son, and there being no answer to his knock at the door, they approached the head of the stairs, where, she alleges, Higgins lost his balance and fell headlong down the flight. Testimony of doctors, however, ran contrary. They express ed the belief that his injuries had not resulted from such a fall, as there was an absence of body bruises which would likely have resulted. Ihe skull fracture, they believed, came from a blow with a black jack, sand bag or some blunt instrument. The investigation continues in Caldwell, says Sheriff Howell, who adds that some members of the par ty will likely be held for grand jury action. At the same time, it was of ficially said, nothing has developed which would imflicat(3 any Boone citizen. REV. AND MRS. BRENDALL ENTERTAIN BOARD STEWARDS The Rev. and Mrs. J. H. Brendall Jr. entertained members of the board of stewards of the Boone Methodist Church at a four-course turkey din ner Thursday night in the dining room of the Caro-Jean Inn. Those attending were: Dr. J. D. Rankin, E. C. Hahn, Fred McDade, Tracy Councill, Luther Clay, Austin South, R. L. Bingham, James Coun cill, Brantley Duncan, Paul Coffey, Dr. J. M. Gaither and the Rev. and Mrs. Brendall. e LEES-McRAE DEBATERS DEFEAT WINGATE RUTHERFORD Banner Elk.—Lees-Mcßae College debaters defeated the Wingate and Rutherford College teams in their meeting here Thursday night, the de cision being by a unanimous vote of the judges in each instance. The question of debate was: Re solved, that the United States should agree to cancel all inter-allied war debts, the Banner Elk teams arguing the negative. Melvin Sumpter and John Forbes argued for Lees-Mcßae against Rutherford, and Fate Beal and Alex Arledge against Wingate. At the same time two Lees-Mcßae affirmative teams traveled to Ruth erford and Wingate to meet the op posing affirmative teams. Catawba County sweet potato growers are selling their crops at SO to 40 cents a bushel at the curing house doors. This is a low price, but in line with other farm prices, says the growers. GOVERNMENT NOW READY TO MAKE LOANSTOFARMERS Funds for Purchase of Seed and Fer tilizer Available, Says D. M. Hale, Field Inspector. Loans Rangs from $25 to S3OO. Register cf Deeds and Clerk Reduce Fees. Applications to Be Filed in Office of S. C. Eggers. Applications for securing loans from the Secretary of Agriculture for the purchase of seed and fertilizer are now ready, according to an nouncement made this morning by Mr. D. M. Hale, field inspector of the Crop Production Loan office. There is very little change in the regulations governing loans from last year excepting that the maximum loan is S3OO and the minimum is $25.00. The borrower this year will be re quired to pay the recording fees, but through the co-operation of Miss Helen Underdown, Register of; Deeds, and A. E. South, Clerk of the I Court, this has been reduced so that! the total expense to the borrower in this county will be only SI.OO. Mr. Hale took occasion to express his ap preciation to these officers for then kindly assistance in this matter. ] Applications will be filled out in i the office of Mr-. S. C. Eggers and | bor-rowers will be taken care of just as promptly as possible. They should know what croijs they raised last year, the yield, the crops they ex pect to plant this year, the names of the adjoining land owners, and be able to give this information prompt ly so as not to delay the writing of their application. DOUGHTON TO GET IMPORTANT PLACE ____ i Selection of Rainey as Speaker As sures Eighth District Congress man Chairmanship of the Ways and Means. Tlfe election Thursday night of Henry T. Rainey as Speaker of the National House of Representatives, to succeed Vice-President Gamer, is of Special interest to the people of the Ninth North Carolina District, for the reason that it means the elevation of Congressman Robert L. Dough ton to the chairmanship of the Ways and Means Committee. This commit tee is the most important of all tax and tariff legislation, and the Norch j Carolina member, well known locally, will be a big factor in the Roosevelt administration from the beginning. The chairmanship of the Ways and Means was held by the late Claude Kitchen for a number of years. The Ways and Means Committee will meet Thursday, and the election of Mr. Doughton will doubtless fol-j low promptly. AVERY MAN FINDS MARKET GARDEN PAYS GOOD INCOME Some North Carolina gardeners are finding that it pays to plant a good acreage to vegetables for sale in nearby markets. J. B. Taylor of Newland, Avery County, cashed in on this idea last year when he sold the produce from a two-acre garden to tourists and hotel keepers in the amount of S4OO. In addition he canned some 400 quarts of surplus vegetables for win ter use and kept his own family sup plied with fresh vegetables during the growing season. He says he gave away about sls worth of vegetables to neighbors and others. “We know that the home garden from one-half to one acre in size will supply a farm family with all the vegetables needed during the year if the plot is given the proper at tention,” says H. R. Niswonger, ex tension horticulturist at State Col lege. “There are special conditions, however, where one might enlarge his garden area and become a mar ket gardener. Mr. Taylor did this last year and he knows exactly the results of his operations because he kept an itemized account of all ex penses and sales. He sold S4OO worth of vegetables to nearby tourist ho tels and boarding houses; gave away about sls worth and canned 400 quarts for winter use. His cost for seed and fertilizer amounted to $20.80 which leaves rather a good labor income.” Mr. Taylor sold these things from his garden: English peas, head let tuce, onions, beets, carrots, spinach, turnips, cauliflower, cabbage, lima beans, sweet corn, snap beans and squash. In addition, he had a small acreage of irish potatoes, red raspberries and ever-bearing strawberries from which he sold the surplus. No itemized ac count of these sales was kept, Nis wonger says. Chicago May Dies & s S’’ ANTON J. CERMAK Miami, Fla.—A bullet intended for President Roosevelt brought death to Mayor Anton J. Cermak of Chicago in a hospital here Mon day. He had been suffering for 19 days from the wound and its com j plications. Giuseppe Zangara, the | assassin, will go on trial for his | life Thursday. BANNER ELK MEETS FINANCIAL CRISIS WITH‘TRADE DAYS’ System of Barter Inaugurated by Lees-Mcßae College. To Accept Farm Produce in Exchange for Tuition, Board and Other Com modities. President Tufts Believes System Will Be of Great Aid. Banner Elk.—A weekly “trade day,” beginning next Saturday, March 11th, will be the answer of Lees-Mcßae College to the present financial crisis, Edgar H. Tufts, pres j ident of the college, announced Wed nesday. “All debtors of the school or of other departments of the Edgar Tufts Memorial Association of which the college is one division, are cor dially invited to meet at the college exchange next Saturday and swap goods and comntodities with each other or with us,” said Mr. Tufts. “We hope and expect that in this way, regardless of what the banks my do, nearly all our friends who owe us money can square accounts with us. Grandfather Orphans Home and Grace Hospital are the other depart ments of the association which ena ble it to use a great deal of food stuffs and other commodities, said Mr. Tufts. With Carl Silver, mana ger of the association farms, he gave as a list of commodities acceptable on “trade day,” corn, wheat, oats, buckwheat, potatoes, pigs and other | livestock, hay and straw, eggs and | chickens, turkey hens, hams, beans, canned goods, maple sugar or syrup, I and household goods which might be of service to the college, either dur ing the school term or the summer, when the students operate the build ings as a summer resort hotel. Vis itors on “trade day” are invited to bring any and all commodities to barter. Those having nothing they wish to trade are invited to work out their debts, sepecially by team labor. Lees-Mcßae College has for some time been largely on a barter ba sis and is fairly well prepared for a situation like the present, Mr. Tufts believes. Plans Under Way for Beautifying Highways It has been planned by highway officials to observe Arbor Day, March 17th, by co-operative planting of trees and evergreens along the roadways leading out from Boone, according to announcement from Resident Engineer James Couneill. Mr. Councill is anxious to have the co-operation of civic clubs and citi zens in this movement, and wishes those interested to get in touch with him. He states that on that day high way forces will aid in the planting if desired. 21-OUNCE PIECE OF GOLD IS FOUND AT MINE IN CABARRUS I Concord.—A 21-ounce piece of gold, valued at about $350 was found 1 at the famous Reed mine last week by a Mr. Honeycutt who resides on the farm where the mine is located. Many.folks developed the “gold fe ver” when the 21-ounce piece was . found and with shovel and pick went i in search of the hidden treasure. The first gold discovered in North i Carolina was at the Reed mine in 1799 when Conrad Reed, a boy of i 12 and son of John Reed, proprietor ■ of the property, found a “shining” • substance in Meadow Creek, on the mine property. $1.50 PER YEAR BANK HOLIDAY IS MODIFIED; LOCAL FOLKS CONFIDENT All Bankin Institutions of State and Nation Closed Till Thursday to Meet Emergencies Resulting from Withdrawals. Local Business Moves on and People Express Confidence and Courage. Pursuant to the proclamation of President Roosevelt, supported by the action of individual commonwealths, all banks of the State and Nation were ordered closed Monday, effec tive until Thursday. The emergency movement came as the new adminis tration took over the reins of gov ernment and heavy withdrawals of gold and currency over the country which had been going on for several weeks necessitated drastic action. Meantime President Roosevelt, working through Sunday, prepared a banking program to deal with the situation which will be presented to a special session of Congress Thurs day, and which is assured immediate passage. The guarantee of small de- posits, and the payment of regular percentages of old accounts is be lieved to be in prospect, and confi dence in the solution of the problem speedily, comes from high up sources in the national financial system. Modification In North Carolina Wednesday the holiday order was modified to resume certain functions as may be neces sary to meet community needs for food, other necsesities of life, for the payment of salaries and wages to maintain employment and for other essential purposes. This, however, ap plies to those banks which had not been operating under restrictions when the holiday became effective. Local People Confident In Boone the business people were unterrified by the temporary closing of the banks, the feeling was ex pressed on every hand that it was done for the best interests of all, and business all along the street is proceeding, sales on Monday in many retail places having been described as good. Enrollment at A. S. T. C. Is the Highest in History The highest enrollment in the his tory of Appalachian State Teach,- ers College was reached here last week with 1,082 students registered for the year at the beginning of the I spring quarter. The phenomenal growth in the student body of an institution that has been a standard four-year college only since 1930 is being watched with keen interest by educators all over the nation. Dr. B. B. Dougherty, president, member of the State Equalization Board, and sometimes termed the “financial wiz ard of the State,” is educating his i students on less than a third the State appropriations per capita for , other State institutions in many cas • es. Last year, out of 58 graduates, ■ 41 were placed in teaching positions i over the State and elsewhere. I DEATHS FROM PELLAGRA IN NORTH CAR. NUMBER 465 Raleigh.—North Carolina deaths from pellagra, after reaching a peak of 1015 in 1930, from 953 in 1929, decreased to 696 in 1931 and dropped to 465 in 1932, the latter figures be ing provisional, the State Board of Health, in the March Health Bulle tin, reports. Wayne county led the State in numbers of deaths from pellagra last year, with 59, or almost twice the 33 in Mecklenburg. Burke had 26, Guilford 20, Forsyth 19, Wake 23, Durham 17, Buncombe and Gaston 15 each, and Henderson 11. Watauga County’s record of death from pellagra for the past four years is as follows: 1929, 0; 1930, 0; 1931, 1, and 1932, 2. THE WEATHER Weather bureau for week ending March 4, 1933, as compiled by the Co-operative Station at State Teach ers College: Average maximum temperature| 44 degrees. Average minimum temperature, 24 degrees. Average temperature, 34 degrees. Average daily range in tempera ture, 20 degrees. Greatest daily range in tempera ture, 41 degrees; date, Feb. 28th. Average temperature at 6 p. m. (time of observation), 33 degrees. Highest temperature reached, 64 degrees; date, Feb. 27th. Lowest temperature reached, 17 degrees; date, Feb. 28th. Number of days with 0.01 inch or more precipitation, none. Number of clear days, 5. Number of cloudy days, 2. Dates of high winds, February 26, March Ist, 2nd.