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TODAY and j
FEANK SCIENTISTS ... at work The popular idea of a scientist is an old man with an absent-minded ex pression hunting through a micro scope for something that wouldn't be any use if he found it. I wish I could take every one of my readers through ony of the great industrial laboratories with which I am familiar, and in which I have of ten watched scientists at work. One of them employs more than a thou sand young men, each of whom has a university Doctor’s degree, in chem istry, engineering or philosophy, and has had to prove his ability to do original research work before he could get his job. They are very far from being the doddering dodoes which the public imagines men of science to be. They are as keen, human and interesting a group of men as I have ever en countered anywhere. _ Their prime purpose is to find ways to make the telephone work faster, better and cheaper. But as byproducts of their discoveries such inventions as talk ing pictures, chain broadcasting, tele vision and many othre things have come out of that laboratory. PROGRESS ... a look back I have little patience with the com mon complaint that inventions and machinery have brought the world to ruin. Exactly the opposite is true. Who would be content to go back, even to the days of my own boy hood ? I can remember when there were no telephones, no electric lights nor electric power, no airplanes, no mo tion pictures, no phoongraphs, po typewriters, no Portland cement, no bathtubs or plumbing to speak of, no gas engines, no automobiles, of course, and not even any bicycles. Wireless telegraphy and its offspring, radio broadcasting, were undreamed of; the dirigible aircraft was a ro mantic novelist’s fantasy. I could fill this column with prod ucts of the application of science by invention to serve humanity. I think the world is better off. ** * * HEALTH . . . life saver I saw a notice posted in a New York subway car the other day in which the Health Commissioner poin ted out that only 37 babies died in the big city of diphtheria last year, whereas several thousand died of it annually only a few years ago. Anti toxin has put an end to this massa cre of the innocents. One by one, in my own time, I have seen the scourges of mankind vanish under the advance of medical science. Smallpox, bubonic, yellow fe ver, malaria, typhus, typhoid, tuber culosis, scarlet fever, all the long list of diseases that took high toll of hu man lives when I was a boy, have been banished or are rapidly being conquered by the forward niarcTr of civilization and the steady advance in medical knowledge and public hy giene measures. S: * * * CANCER . . . needs research One of my friends lost his wife a few months ago. She had a can cer. The other day he told me that he had been inspired to investigate the whole subject of cancer, and was surprised to find that nothing that could properly be called scientific re search by modern methods had been undertaken, into either the cause or the possible cure of this most dread ful of all diseases. My friend is a man of scientific training, familiar with the methods of the great research laboratories. “I am sure,” he said, “that with three or four million dollars available, with which to hire competent chemists, bi ologists and pathologists, any of the big industrial laboratories could find the cause of cancer and a cure for it, in a few years.” It is easier to get money with which to do research that is expect ed to result in more money, than it is when nothing more important than human lives is involved. BLOOD . . . four types The transfusion of blood from one person to another has become such an established method of treatment in various conditions that every im portant hospital has a list of “blood I donors.” These are men or women j who are willing to part with a pint or more of blood for a fee of $25 ,or so. Medical men learned through this work of blood transfusion that there are four distinct types of human blcod, and that it is necessary to be sure that the donor’s blood is of the same type as that of the patient. These four types are known as “O,” "A,” -B” and “AB.” The tests for these blood types are so positive that recent examinations °f the muscle tissue of Egyptian mummies, who have been jjead for several thousand years, prove that these inhabitants of the Nile country in the time of the Pharoahs were all of a single blood type, the “B” stan dard. Men of science are beginning to think it likely that there are four original races of human beings, whose blood types persist in their descend ants. Nobody, or only a compara tively few of the earth’s inhabitants, is of unmixed racial strain. But fv, .e blood type will tell which strain is dominant in any given individual. WATAUGA DEMOCRAT An Independent Weekly Newspaper—Established in the Year Eighteen Eighty-Eight VOLUME XLV, NUMBER 52 CULPRITS RILL MOST OF TROUT AT HATCHERY Smathers at Loss to Know Why State Property Should Have Been Malic • iously Invaded. Practically All Breeding Fish Are Destroyed and 700 Good-sized Trout in Another Pool Perish. Third Hatchery Raid. Almost a hundred tremendously large trout, used for breeding pur poses at the Rutherwood Fish Hatch ery, and 700 lesser game fish perished during the early morning hours Sun day, after some unknown prowler had diverted the water supply from the reservoir at the State plant. Only j thirteen of the big fish remained j alive. The gigantic trout which had been reared and nurtured by Mr. Smath ers to a point of greatest utility, weighed from two to five pounds and represented the rainbow, brown and speckled varieties. The smaller ones were brook trout from 6 to 9 inches in length. Visitors never tired of gazing into the crystal waters where the big fel lows played, and oftentimes Mr. Smathers, the manager, cast food in to the pool between times so that ; those who visited the popular recre ation spot might revel in the antics of the gamey tribe. Accordingly, there has been great indignation among the people of this section as a result of the wanton destruction, and there is concerted demand for the capture of the crmiinals. When Mr. Smathers discovered the depredation early Sunday the fish were distributed among residents of the community and town. Third Raid on Pools Mr. Smathers, the genial manager, is quite at a loss along with the oth er citizens to understand just why his enterprise should be the center of continued attacks by vandals. It is recounted that this is the third time fish have been destroyed. First a great number of the breeders were dipped from the pool, later some poi son substance was placed in the wa ter and several hundred pounds of ti'out were buried as a result. The Rutherwood hatchery has sup plied the mountain streams of sev eral counties with trout for many years, and is regarded as one of the county's most useful and attractive enterprises. A threat to discontinue the plant last winter caused a flare up among local citizens, and a dele gation from Boone finally succeeded in having the plant discontinued. Lo cal sportsmen feel that could vigor ous punishment be meted out to the culprits, Mr. Smathers could proceed with greater assurance and that there would be less likelihood of further action toward discontinuing the op eration. WILL REGISTER UNEMPLOYED Re-employment Service Representa tive Will Be in Boone Friday to Renew and Register Workers in County. Veterans to Report. Information coming to The Demo crat from Mr. R. L. Wooten, head of the re-employment service in North Wilkesboro, is to the effect that a representative of that service will be in Boone Friday, June 29th, from 9:00 o’clock a. m. to 5:00 p. m. for the purpose of renewing and reg istering the unemployed for work in this county. Mr. Wooten especially asks that any ex-service man or veteran desir ing work should report at this time and give their names, as they will be given prefernece in all cases where they are qualified for the work in question. Since the local employment office was closed, employment in Watauga County is handled through the North Wilkesboro district office. Tourist Excursions Over Narrow Gauge Following the popularity of the ex cursion to Johnson City last Monday, the management of the Linville Riv er Railway Company has decided to make these trips each week during the month of July. A round-trip fare of SI.OO will be collected, stops will be made in the Doe River Canyon, and the most rugged scenery to be found on any line in Eastern America will be enjoyed by summer visitors to the mountains. A three-hour stay in Johnson City has been arranged. Last Monday about 175 teachers from Appalachian College and other visitors made the trip over into Ten nessee. Rev. W. L. Trivett will speak at the Advent Christian Church next Sunday morning at 11 o’clock. His subject will be “The Thousand-Year Milennium and the Binding of the Dragon.” The public is invited to at tend. BOONE, WATAUGA COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, JUNE 28, 1934 Noted People Pay Visit to Watauga County Shown above (left to right) are Mrs. Josephus Daniels, of Raleigh; Mrs. Harold L. Ickes, of Washington, wife of the Secretary of the Interior and a member of the Illinois State Legislature; and Mr. Daniels, Ambassador to Mexico, they were visitors in Boone and Blowing Rock a few days ago en route to the Great (Smoky Mountains Park and the Daniels summer home at Lake Junaluska. They are pictured on the patio of the Biltmore Forest Country Club, Asheville, after having been guests of fri nds at a luncheon there. (Cut courtesy Asheville Citizen.) BURKE ASKS FOR SECOND PRIMARY IN SEVENTEENTH Taylorsville Lawyer Asks for Contest After Investigations Reveal That He Ran Second to Rousseau in First Voting. More than Six Hundred Votes Thrown Out in Alexander Hearings. J. Hayden Burke, well known Tay lorsville attorney, Monday evening gave out the information that he had asked for a second primary in his race for the judgeship of the Seven teenth District, when an investiga tion revealed that he had run second to J. A. Rousseau, of North Wilkes boro, in the balloting on June 2nd. Thus is written another chapter in one of the hardest fought political battles witnessed in this section for many years. Interest has been in tense in the final outcome of the con test in Watauga, although this coun ty is no longer in the district. Local political observers for the most part had slated Mr. Burke as an easy winner, but when the votes were checked he was only about 100 in the lead of Rousseau. Mr. Rousseau promptly challenged the result of the voting in Alexander County, alleg ing that there had been indiscrimi-. nate voting of Republicans, and that the sum total of the home-county vote for Mr. Burke exceeded the Democratic registration. Mr. Burke’s friends promptly alleged gross irreg ularities in the Wilkes voting, and the State Board of Elections Held hearings in Taylorsville and North Wilkesboro last week to ferret out the charges. In Alexander the board took from Mr. Burke more than 600 votes, and the chairman of the election board was dismissed. Thus Rousseau am assed a five hundred lead. In North Wilkesboro 30 absentee votes (27 of them for Rousseau) were thrown out on account of “minor technicalities,” after many had testified to rather glaring irregularities on primary day. The board indicated that some of the North Wilkesboro charges would (Continued on Page 8) Grand Lecturer With Local Masons this Week Mr. J. T. Marquette, Grand Lec turer of the Masonic Lodge of North Carolina, is spending the week with local Masons and lectures are being given both day and night. Mr. Mar quette, it is said, will devote the en tire week to the local Lodge and classes may be arranged to suit the convenience of all members. I i j Asks Second Primary j J. Hayden Burke, of Taylorsville, who has entered a second primary with Julius A. Rousseau, North Wilkesboro, for the Democratic nomination for judge of the Seven teenth District. BUILDING & LOAN MAILS OUT CHECKS More Than $4,000 Being Distributed to Owners of Prepaid Stock on Eve of Opening of New Series. Mr. Gragg Reports Progress. Four thousand and twenty-seven dollars representing the semi-annual interest payments on prepaid stock in the Watauga Building and Loan Association, is being mailed out this week to the. shareholders. These ear nings are distributed among 200 in vestors, most of whom reside in Wa tauga County, and Mr. W. H. Gragg, secretary of the Association, calls at tention to the fact that the associa tion has continued to pay its regu lar dividends on time right through the business depression. It is indi cated that installment payments are being made with remarkable prompt ness, and that a number of homes are now in process of erection through the aid of the association. In announcing the opening of the new series July 1, Mr. Gragg says that indications are bright for a con siderable increase in stock sales, and his office is anxious to be allowed to explain the varied benefits to be de rived from a connection with the Building and Loan. INJURIES FATAL TO W. HARRISON BYRD; BURIAL AT FOSCOE Prominent Watauga Man Succumbs in Hickory Hospital. Victim of Au tomobile Collision. Was 67 Years Old. Had Served for Long Period j as Deputy Sheriff. Widow and Three Children Survive. William Harrison Byrd, prominent citizen cf the Foscoe community, died in a Hickory hospital last Friday, where he had been taken three weeks previous for treatment for injuries he received in an automobile collis ion at Granite Falls. Damage to the spinal column is credited with hav ing produced death. He was 67 years old. Funeral services were conducted at Foscoe Saturday afternoon in the presence of a large gathering of friends of the family. Rev. S. E. Gragg of the Adventist Christian Church was in charge of the obsequies and interment was in the family ceme tery. The pallbearers were: W. R. Brew er, D. P. Wyke, C. P. Moore, Stan ford Coffey, N. F. Church and Don Calloway. The large floral offering was borne by Sibyl Calloway, Margaret Moore, Mira Church, Minnie Coffey, Neva Calloway, Virginia Church, Louise Wyke, Nannie Byrd, Snow Byrd, Snow Moody, Maxine Moody and De ! Etta Townsend. | Surviving besides the widow are | three children: Baxter Byrd, Los An geles, Calif.; Mrs. Winnie Rowe, Val le Crucis; Letcher Byrd, Banner Elk, R. F. D. Mr. Byrd was born January 7th, 1567, in the Clark’s Creek section i of Watauga County, a son of Mr. and I Mrs. Carson Byrd, and had spent the greater part of his life in this section. He was a farmer by occupa tion, but lately had given much of j his attention to the development of j a tourist camp and recreational cen ! ter on his place. j For a long time Mr. Byrd was a I deputy sheriff, and throughout his I life was always willing to aid in any I manner the uniform enforcement of I the laws of the land. Mr. Byrd was well, known throughout Watauga and j adjacent counties, and was of a staunch type of citizenship, honora ble, industrious and charitable. He will be gravely missed in his native county, and there is genuine sorrow because of his tragic death. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Moore and daughter, Martha, and Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Winebarger spent Sunday in Wilkes County with Mr. Moore’s pa rents. $1.50 PER YxliAß INSTITUTE HAS MANY NOTABLES ON ITS PROGRAM ! Civic Relationship Study Being Con ; ducted this Week at the Appala chian College Will Feature Attor ney General and Commissioner of Revenue. Mrs. O’Berry and Other Notables Take Prominent Parts. The Institute of Civic Relationships being conducted by the Appalachian State Teachers College this week is the first big unit in Appalachia’s good citizenship work this year. A group of leaders, especially prepared to speak with authority in their respec tive fields, have been secured for this occasion. Formal meetings are held in the college auditorium each day at 11:30 in the morning and 7:30 in the evening with conference and organi zation work in the meantime. It is expected that through the 800 public school teachers in attendance, the constructive work of the insti tute will be carried into all parts of North Carolina. The following are some of the subjects and the speak ers: Program for Week Monday, June 25: 11:30 a. m., “Liv ing Safely in the World of Today,” Marian Telford, safety specialist of the National Council of Safety; 8:00 p. m., “Beautiful Homes and High ways,” Walter J. Cartier, secretary Carolina Motor Club, Charlotte. Tuesday, June 26: 11:30 a. m., “The New Deal for Rural North Caro lina,” Dr. J. E. Forster, State College, Raleigh; 8:00 p. m., “Crime and Pun ishment,” Albert Coates, director of Institute of Government. Wednesday, June 27: 11:30 a. m., “The New School for the New Citi zen,” Mrs. Clyde Milner, president N. C. Division, A. A. U. W.; 8:00 p. m.,. “Shall We Amend the Constitu tion of the State of North Carolina 7 ” Dennis M. Brummitt, Attorney-Gen eral of North Carolina. Thursday, June 28: 11:30 a. m., "Shall We Amend the Constitution of the State of North Carolina?” A. J. Maxwell, Director State Revenue Department; 8:00 p. m., to be left open for co-operation with confer ence at Greensboro. Friday, June 29: 11:30 a. m., “The North Carolina Teacher a Citizen,” Julft B. Warren, secretary of the N. C. Education Association; 8:00 p. m., “The Responsibilities in Human" Val ues Reflected in the New Deal,” Miss Harriet Elliot, N. C. Relief Commis sion; Mrs. Thomas O’Berry, State Re lief Commissioner. MINIATURE GOLF WINS COME-BACK Local Course Opens Tuesday Evening with Bob Swan in Charge. Band Concerts Each Evening and Spe cial Matches Being Arranged. Tom Thumb Golf, which enjoyed a mushroom popularity a couple of years ago, has come back strong, according to Bob Swan, popular col lege student Who opened the minia ture course on the Dr. Jones prop erty Tuesday evening, and consider able interest attaches to the revival of the enjoyable recreation. Band concerts are featuring the evenings, and the newly-remodeled course, set among giant maple trees, bids fair to become the recreational center of the town during the sum mer months. Matches were arranged | for the opening night between Attor ney John E. Brown and Paul Coffey, of the Watauga Bank, while Jim Riv ers of The Watauga Democrat and Lee Stout of the Standard Oil Com pany provided a share of the merri ment. Mr. Swan states that the course will be open all the time and invites j the public to gather for the music j and other entertainment, even though j some may not care to go around the course. MANY CATTLE ARE TO BE PASTURED Beef Stock from Drought Areas Will j Be Grazed by Watauga Landown j ers. Five Hundred and Sixty Head Placed; 1,500 Expected. Large numbers of beef cattle from the drought areas of the Middle West are to be grazed in Watauga County this season at Government expense, it has been learned. Mr. W. E. Ship ley, well known cattleman, has been assisting the relief officials in secur ing the pasturage for the cattle, and told The Democrat the first of the week that grazing had been secured for 560 head and that more than fif teen hundred would he imported in all. Large tracts are being sought for the grazing, the rule being to place the cattle in car-load lots. The pas turage is being paid for by the Fed eral government as a part of the emergency relief program.