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Watauga Democrat. [volume] (Boone, Watauga County, N.C.) 1888-current, June 28, 1934, Image 1

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TODAY and j
FEANK
SCIENTISTS ... at work
The popular idea of a scientist is
an old man with an absent-minded ex
pression hunting through a micro
scope for something that wouldn't be
any use if he found it.
I wish I could take every one of
my readers through ony of the great
industrial laboratories with which I
am familiar, and in which I have of
ten watched scientists at work. One
of them employs more than a thou
sand young men, each of whom has
a university Doctor’s degree, in chem
istry, engineering or philosophy, and
has had to prove his ability to do
original research work before he
could get his job.
They are very far from being the
doddering dodoes which the public
imagines men of science to be. They
are as keen, human and interesting
a group of men as I have ever en
countered anywhere. _ Their prime
purpose is to find ways to make the
telephone work faster, better and
cheaper. But as byproducts of their
discoveries such inventions as talk
ing pictures, chain broadcasting, tele
vision and many othre things have
come out of that laboratory.
PROGRESS ... a look back
I have little patience with the com
mon complaint that inventions and
machinery have brought the world
to ruin. Exactly the opposite is true.
Who would be content to go back,
even to the days of my own boy
hood ?
I can remember when there were
no telephones, no electric lights nor
electric power, no airplanes, no mo
tion pictures, no phoongraphs, po
typewriters, no Portland cement, no
bathtubs or plumbing to speak of,
no gas engines, no automobiles, of
course, and not even any bicycles.
Wireless telegraphy and its offspring,
radio broadcasting, were undreamed
of; the dirigible aircraft was a ro
mantic novelist’s fantasy.
I could fill this column with prod
ucts of the application of science by
invention to serve humanity. I think
the world is better off.
** * *
HEALTH . . . life saver
I saw a notice posted in a New
York subway car the other day in
which the Health Commissioner poin
ted out that only 37 babies died in
the big city of diphtheria last year,
whereas several thousand died of it
annually only a few years ago. Anti
toxin has put an end to this massa
cre of the innocents.
One by one, in my own time, I
have seen the scourges of mankind
vanish under the advance of medical
science. Smallpox, bubonic, yellow fe
ver, malaria, typhus, typhoid, tuber
culosis, scarlet fever, all the long list
of diseases that took high toll of hu
man lives when I was a boy, have
been banished or are rapidly being
conquered by the forward niarcTr of
civilization and the steady advance
in medical knowledge and public hy
giene measures.
S: * * *
CANCER . . . needs research
One of my friends lost his wife
a few months ago. She had a can
cer. The other day he told me that
he had been inspired to investigate
the whole subject of cancer, and was
surprised to find that nothing that
could properly be called scientific re
search by modern methods had been
undertaken, into either the cause or
the possible cure of this most dread
ful of all diseases.
My friend is a man of scientific
training, familiar with the methods
of the great research laboratories. “I
am sure,” he said, “that with three
or four million dollars available, with
which to hire competent chemists, bi
ologists and pathologists, any of the
big industrial laboratories could find
the cause of cancer and a cure for
it, in a few years.”
It is easier to get money with
which to do research that is expect
ed to result in more money, than it
is when nothing more important than
human lives is involved.
BLOOD . . . four types
The transfusion of blood from one
person to another has become such
an established method of treatment
in various conditions that every im
portant hospital has a list of “blood I
donors.” These are men or women j
who are willing to part with a pint or
more of blood for a fee of $25 ,or so.
Medical men learned through this
work of blood transfusion that there
are four distinct types of human
blcod, and that it is necessary to be
sure that the donor’s blood is of the
same type as that of the patient.
These four types are known as “O,”
"A,” -B” and “AB.”
The tests for these blood types are
so positive that recent examinations
°f the muscle tissue of Egyptian
mummies, who have been jjead for
several thousand years, prove that
these inhabitants of the Nile country
in the time of the Pharoahs were all
of a single blood type, the “B” stan
dard.
Men of science are beginning to
think it likely that there are four
original races of human beings, whose
blood types persist in their descend
ants. Nobody, or only a compara
tively few of the earth’s inhabitants,
is of unmixed racial strain. But fv, .e
blood type will tell which strain is
dominant in any given individual.
WATAUGA DEMOCRAT
An Independent Weekly Newspaper—Established in the Year Eighteen Eighty-Eight
VOLUME XLV, NUMBER 52
CULPRITS RILL
MOST OF TROUT
AT HATCHERY
Smathers at Loss to Know Why State
Property Should Have Been Malic
• iously Invaded. Practically All
Breeding Fish Are Destroyed and
700 Good-sized Trout in Another
Pool Perish. Third Hatchery Raid.
Almost a hundred tremendously
large trout, used for breeding pur
poses at the Rutherwood Fish Hatch
ery, and 700 lesser game fish perished
during the early morning hours Sun
day, after some unknown prowler
had diverted the water supply from
the reservoir at the State plant. Only
j thirteen of the big fish remained
j alive.
The gigantic trout which had been
reared and nurtured by Mr. Smath
ers to a point of greatest utility,
weighed from two to five pounds and
represented the rainbow, brown and
speckled varieties. The smaller ones
were brook trout from 6 to 9 inches
in length.
Visitors never tired of gazing into
the crystal waters where the big fel
lows played, and oftentimes Mr.
Smathers, the manager, cast food in
to the pool between times so that ;
those who visited the popular recre
ation spot might revel in the antics
of the gamey tribe. Accordingly, there
has been great indignation among the
people of this section as a result of
the wanton destruction, and there is
concerted demand for the capture of
the crmiinals.
When Mr. Smathers discovered the
depredation early Sunday the fish
were distributed among residents of
the community and town.
Third Raid on Pools
Mr. Smathers, the genial manager,
is quite at a loss along with the oth
er citizens to understand just why
his enterprise should be the center
of continued attacks by vandals. It is
recounted that this is the third time
fish have been destroyed. First a
great number of the breeders were
dipped from the pool, later some poi
son substance was placed in the wa
ter and several hundred pounds of
ti'out were buried as a result.
The Rutherwood hatchery has sup
plied the mountain streams of sev
eral counties with trout for many
years, and is regarded as one of the
county's most useful and attractive
enterprises. A threat to discontinue
the plant last winter caused a flare
up among local citizens, and a dele
gation from Boone finally succeeded
in having the plant discontinued. Lo
cal sportsmen feel that could vigor
ous punishment be meted out to the
culprits, Mr. Smathers could proceed
with greater assurance and that there
would be less likelihood of further
action toward discontinuing the op
eration.
WILL REGISTER
UNEMPLOYED
Re-employment Service Representa
tive Will Be in Boone Friday to
Renew and Register Workers in
County. Veterans to Report.
Information coming to The Demo
crat from Mr. R. L. Wooten, head
of the re-employment service in
North Wilkesboro, is to the effect
that a representative of that service
will be in Boone Friday, June 29th,
from 9:00 o’clock a. m. to 5:00 p. m.
for the purpose of renewing and reg
istering the unemployed for work
in this county.
Mr. Wooten especially asks that
any ex-service man or veteran desir
ing work should report at this time
and give their names, as they will be
given prefernece in all cases where
they are qualified for the work in
question.
Since the local employment office
was closed, employment in Watauga
County is handled through the North
Wilkesboro district office.
Tourist Excursions
Over Narrow Gauge
Following the popularity of the ex
cursion to Johnson City last Monday,
the management of the Linville Riv
er Railway Company has decided to
make these trips each week during
the month of July. A round-trip fare
of SI.OO will be collected, stops will
be made in the Doe River Canyon, and
the most rugged scenery to be found
on any line in Eastern America will
be enjoyed by summer visitors to
the mountains. A three-hour stay in
Johnson City has been arranged.
Last Monday about 175 teachers
from Appalachian College and other
visitors made the trip over into Ten
nessee.
Rev. W. L. Trivett will speak at
the Advent Christian Church next
Sunday morning at 11 o’clock. His
subject will be “The Thousand-Year
Milennium and the Binding of the
Dragon.” The public is invited to at
tend.
BOONE, WATAUGA COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, JUNE 28, 1934
Noted People Pay Visit to Watauga County
Shown above (left to right) are Mrs. Josephus Daniels, of Raleigh; Mrs. Harold L. Ickes, of Washington, wife
of the Secretary of the Interior and a member of the Illinois State Legislature; and Mr. Daniels, Ambassador to
Mexico, they were visitors in Boone and Blowing Rock a few days ago en route to the Great (Smoky Mountains
Park and the Daniels summer home at Lake Junaluska. They are pictured on the patio of the Biltmore Forest
Country Club, Asheville, after having been guests of fri nds at a luncheon there. (Cut courtesy Asheville Citizen.)
BURKE ASKS FOR
SECOND PRIMARY
IN SEVENTEENTH
Taylorsville Lawyer Asks for Contest
After Investigations Reveal That
He Ran Second to Rousseau in First
Voting. More than Six Hundred
Votes Thrown Out in Alexander
Hearings.
J. Hayden Burke, well known Tay
lorsville attorney, Monday evening
gave out the information that he had
asked for a second primary in his
race for the judgeship of the Seven
teenth District, when an investiga
tion revealed that he had run second
to J. A. Rousseau, of North Wilkes
boro, in the balloting on June 2nd.
Thus is written another chapter in
one of the hardest fought political
battles witnessed in this section for
many years. Interest has been in
tense in the final outcome of the con
test in Watauga, although this coun
ty is no longer in the district.
Local political observers for the
most part had slated Mr. Burke as an
easy winner, but when the votes were
checked he was only about 100 in
the lead of Rousseau. Mr. Rousseau
promptly challenged the result of the
voting in Alexander County, alleg
ing that there had been indiscrimi-.
nate voting of Republicans, and that
the sum total of the home-county
vote for Mr. Burke exceeded the
Democratic registration. Mr. Burke’s
friends promptly alleged gross irreg
ularities in the Wilkes voting, and
the State Board of Elections Held
hearings in Taylorsville and North
Wilkesboro last week to ferret out
the charges.
In Alexander the board took from
Mr. Burke more than 600 votes, and
the chairman of the election board
was dismissed. Thus Rousseau am
assed a five hundred lead. In North
Wilkesboro 30 absentee votes (27 of
them for Rousseau) were thrown out
on account of “minor technicalities,”
after many had testified to rather
glaring irregularities on primary day.
The board indicated that some of
the North Wilkesboro charges would
(Continued on Page 8)
Grand Lecturer With
Local Masons this Week
Mr. J. T. Marquette, Grand Lec
turer of the Masonic Lodge of North
Carolina, is spending the week with
local Masons and lectures are being
given both day and night. Mr. Mar
quette, it is said, will devote the en
tire week to the local Lodge and
classes may be arranged to suit the
convenience of all members.
I i
j Asks Second Primary j
J. Hayden Burke, of Taylorsville,
who has entered a second primary
with Julius A. Rousseau, North
Wilkesboro, for the Democratic
nomination for judge of the Seven
teenth District.
BUILDING & LOAN
MAILS OUT CHECKS
More Than $4,000 Being Distributed
to Owners of Prepaid Stock on Eve
of Opening of New Series. Mr.
Gragg Reports Progress.
Four thousand and twenty-seven
dollars representing the semi-annual
interest payments on prepaid stock
in the Watauga Building and Loan
Association, is being mailed out this
week to the. shareholders. These ear
nings are distributed among 200 in
vestors, most of whom reside in Wa
tauga County, and Mr. W. H. Gragg,
secretary of the Association, calls at
tention to the fact that the associa
tion has continued to pay its regu
lar dividends on time right through
the business depression. It is indi
cated that installment payments are
being made with remarkable prompt
ness, and that a number of homes
are now in process of erection through
the aid of the association.
In announcing the opening of the
new series July 1, Mr. Gragg says
that indications are bright for a con
siderable increase in stock sales, and
his office is anxious to be allowed to
explain the varied benefits to be de
rived from a connection with the
Building and Loan.
INJURIES FATAL TO
W. HARRISON BYRD;
BURIAL AT FOSCOE
Prominent Watauga Man Succumbs
in Hickory Hospital. Victim of Au
tomobile Collision. Was 67 Years
Old. Had Served for Long Period j
as Deputy Sheriff. Widow and
Three Children Survive.
William Harrison Byrd, prominent
citizen cf the Foscoe community, died
in a Hickory hospital last Friday,
where he had been taken three weeks
previous for treatment for injuries
he received in an automobile collis
ion at Granite Falls. Damage to the
spinal column is credited with hav
ing produced death. He was 67 years
old.
Funeral services were conducted at
Foscoe Saturday afternoon in the
presence of a large gathering of
friends of the family. Rev. S. E. Gragg
of the Adventist Christian Church
was in charge of the obsequies and
interment was in the family ceme
tery.
The pallbearers were: W. R. Brew
er, D. P. Wyke, C. P. Moore, Stan
ford Coffey, N. F. Church and Don
Calloway.
The large floral offering was borne
by Sibyl Calloway, Margaret Moore,
Mira Church, Minnie Coffey, Neva
Calloway, Virginia Church, Louise
Wyke, Nannie Byrd, Snow Byrd,
Snow Moody, Maxine Moody and De
! Etta Townsend.
| Surviving besides the widow are
| three children: Baxter Byrd, Los An
geles, Calif.; Mrs. Winnie Rowe, Val
le Crucis; Letcher Byrd, Banner Elk,
R. F. D.
Mr. Byrd was born January 7th,
1567, in the Clark’s Creek section
i of Watauga County, a son of Mr. and
I Mrs. Carson Byrd, and had spent
the greater part of his life in this
section. He was a farmer by occupa
tion, but lately had given much of
j his attention to the development of
j a tourist camp and recreational cen
! ter on his place.
j For a long time Mr. Byrd was a
I deputy sheriff, and throughout his
I life was always willing to aid in any
I manner the uniform enforcement of
I the laws of the land. Mr. Byrd was
well, known throughout Watauga and
j adjacent counties, and was of a
staunch type of citizenship, honora
ble, industrious and charitable. He
will be gravely missed in his native
county, and there is genuine sorrow
because of his tragic death.
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Moore and
daughter, Martha, and Mr. and Mrs.
Clyde Winebarger spent Sunday in
Wilkes County with Mr. Moore’s pa
rents.
$1.50 PER YxliAß
INSTITUTE HAS
MANY NOTABLES
ON ITS PROGRAM
! Civic Relationship Study Being Con
; ducted this Week at the Appala
chian College Will Feature Attor
ney General and Commissioner of
Revenue. Mrs. O’Berry and Other
Notables Take Prominent Parts.
The Institute of Civic Relationships
being conducted by the Appalachian
State Teachers College this week is
the first big unit in Appalachia’s good
citizenship work this year. A group
of leaders, especially prepared to
speak with authority in their respec
tive fields, have been secured for this
occasion. Formal meetings are held
in the college auditorium each day at
11:30 in the morning and 7:30 in the
evening with conference and organi
zation work in the meantime.
It is expected that through the 800
public school teachers in attendance,
the constructive work of the insti
tute will be carried into all parts of
North Carolina. The following are
some of the subjects and the speak
ers:
Program for Week
Monday, June 25: 11:30 a. m., “Liv
ing Safely in the World of Today,”
Marian Telford, safety specialist of
the National Council of Safety; 8:00
p. m., “Beautiful Homes and High
ways,” Walter J. Cartier, secretary
Carolina Motor Club, Charlotte.
Tuesday, June 26: 11:30 a. m., “The
New Deal for Rural North Caro
lina,” Dr. J. E. Forster, State College,
Raleigh; 8:00 p. m., “Crime and Pun
ishment,” Albert Coates, director of
Institute of Government.
Wednesday, June 27: 11:30 a. m.,
“The New School for the New Citi
zen,” Mrs. Clyde Milner, president
N. C. Division, A. A. U. W.; 8:00 p.
m.,. “Shall We Amend the Constitu
tion of the State of North Carolina 7 ”
Dennis M. Brummitt, Attorney-Gen
eral of North Carolina.
Thursday, June 28: 11:30 a. m.,
"Shall We Amend the Constitution
of the State of North Carolina?” A.
J. Maxwell, Director State Revenue
Department; 8:00 p. m., to be left
open for co-operation with confer
ence at Greensboro.
Friday, June 29: 11:30 a. m., “The
North Carolina Teacher a Citizen,”
Julft B. Warren, secretary of the N.
C. Education Association; 8:00 p. m.,
“The Responsibilities in Human" Val
ues Reflected in the New Deal,” Miss
Harriet Elliot, N. C. Relief Commis
sion; Mrs. Thomas O’Berry, State Re
lief Commissioner.
MINIATURE GOLF
WINS COME-BACK
Local Course Opens Tuesday Evening
with Bob Swan in Charge. Band
Concerts Each Evening and Spe
cial Matches Being Arranged.
Tom Thumb Golf, which enjoyed
a mushroom popularity a couple of
years ago, has come back strong,
according to Bob Swan, popular col
lege student Who opened the minia
ture course on the Dr. Jones prop
erty Tuesday evening, and consider
able interest attaches to the revival
of the enjoyable recreation.
Band concerts are featuring the
evenings, and the newly-remodeled
course, set among giant maple trees,
bids fair to become the recreational
center of the town during the sum
mer months. Matches were arranged
| for the opening night between Attor
ney John E. Brown and Paul Coffey,
of the Watauga Bank, while Jim Riv
ers of The Watauga Democrat and
Lee Stout of the Standard Oil Com
pany provided a share of the merri
ment.
Mr. Swan states that the course
will be open all the time and invites
j the public to gather for the music
j and other entertainment, even though
j some may not care to go around the
course.
MANY CATTLE ARE
TO BE PASTURED
Beef Stock from Drought Areas Will
j Be Grazed by Watauga Landown
j ers. Five Hundred and Sixty Head
Placed; 1,500 Expected.
Large numbers of beef cattle from
the drought areas of the Middle West
are to be grazed in Watauga County
this season at Government expense,
it has been learned. Mr. W. E. Ship
ley, well known cattleman, has been
assisting the relief officials in secur
ing the pasturage for the cattle, and
told The Democrat the first of the
week that grazing had been secured
for 560 head and that more than fif
teen hundred would he imported in
all.
Large tracts are being sought for
the grazing, the rule being to place
the cattle in car-load lots. The pas
turage is being paid for by the Fed
eral government as a part of the
emergency relief program.

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