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\ THE AMERICAN.
WASHINGTON, SEPTEMBER 16, 1857. | Curd unit .Uhihuh. I ift. The I ydera] Uuiou uiuti be umiuUitied. 2d. The reset ved rights of the State* must be respe?te<l. [ 3d. The ot-ct.'iwn ofthe Supreme Comt must be enforced. 4tb. A uut ol^Oburch and State must be prevented 5th. The rights of conscience must be guaranteed. 6th. American interests must be promoted. 7th. Au American nationality must be cherished. 8th. Sectional agitation must be terminated. 9th. Foreign paupers and criminals must be excluded. 10. The naturalization laws must be ameuded. 11th. " Squatter sovereignty" and alien suffrage must be repudiated. 12th. Americans must rule America. ABBWT8 FOR TI1E AHKR1CAIV. For f irst, Second, Third and Fourth War ds, Henry Johnson, residence 4ou K street. - For Georgetown, (The Embodyment.) For Sixth Ward, John Little. I, For Fifth and Seventh Wards, Mobtimxb Smallwood, No. 874, North Capitol street, between B and C. Hknut Boyeh, Agent for Alexandria. m- See first page. B$r Our thanks are especially dae to those gentlemen who, with hearts glowing with Americanism, have generously aided us by their personal efforts, and by their cheering sympathy and enr>nti>.u<r?nif>nt A kind'word and liclDimr hand have a magic effect upon one who is struggling to keep his head above water. WHERE Dili THEY t?ET TI1E MARINES f Tho Americana have constantly assorted that there wero, on the morning of " HLOODY MONDAY," hot a very few marines at the Navy Yard, and that the 110 who were marched up to the poll in the Fourth Ward, under the command of ''so lain Tyler, were not all men who belonged to c* - "rtuc corps, but wero men taken for the the ma. * ihe work-chops at. the Yard, or men nonce out 01 - -noire Club, of Baltimore, who > belonging to the *" . tfme beiug, as they . wiIli,ie refrmt8 for ' , and gladly 'sought owed the Americans a grudge, - .^ce wou|d the opportunity which this circumsv. give them, of seeking bloody revenge. It was attempted in the late trials to show the fact, that there wero not as many marines at tho ^srd as appeared in the inariue uniform in tho Fourt ** Ward under the command of Captain Tyler* but ^ course the upright judge who pre1 occasion, ruled out all Fuch te&ti Biaeu ou uiai m0"f'. .... \y or two conversed with a We have within a a. ' ,, , , , -i]d us soon rely upon us man, whose word we wo, . , . . , . , ......... r'tv. who informed that of any individual in the " t , us that he was at work at the Xav^ x ^ ^ rCe or four days previous to "Bloody Mc">a(lnJT t')at is to say, the latter part of the preceu.'a& week, I and he known that just previous, a large number of marines had been sent off from the Yard; tuat 1 not more than eight or ten?possibly fifteen, were left; and that no new recruits came there up to the 28th day of May, that is to say, the Friday be^ fore 44 Bloody Monday." Now, did those new recruits all arrive on Saturday? If so, where did they come from? We affirm that there were but very few marineB at the Yard on 41 Bloody Monday " morning; but at one o'clock Captain Tyler liad command of one hundred and ten men in the uniform of United States marines! Where did he get them? Let the question be answered. MASSACHUSETTS. There is to be a three cornered contest for Governor and other State officers in Massachusetts mi8 iau. me Americans, ueiermnica not 10 oe absorbed by the Republicans, have re-nominated Governor Gardner for Governor, Alexander De Witt for Lieutenant Governor, and Mr. Clifford, formerly Governor, for Attorney General. A good ticket. Mr. Banks is the Republican candidate, and the Democrats intend having one of their own. Market*. Baltimorr, Sept. 16.?Flour is better; Howard street and Ohio $6 25 cash ; City Mills $i 60 qn time, $5 cash. Wheat is firm; red ^1 01a$l 16; white $1 25 a$l 35. Corn is better; white and yellow 26a27c. Whiskey is firm; City 23 1-2a24c.; Ohio 25c. New York, Sept. 16.?Flour is firm at an advance of five cents on State and Ohio, but prices are unsettled. Southern is steady at $5 50a$5 90. Wheat has advanced ; sales of 15,000 bushels; white $1.43; red $1.32. Corn is buoyant; sales of 23,000 bushels; mixed 75a78c. Provisions have. & declining tendency. Mess pork $25,75a$26. Chicago repacked beef $17.60a $18. Lard is qtdet at 12 1*2 cents. Whiskey has advanced lc.; Ohio 26c. * MfKTCIPAl. EtRCTION AT LrAVKMWORTH.?St. Lcuis,Scpt. 11.?The municipal election at Leavenworth, Kansas, on Monday, resulted in the election of the free-Slate ticket by 260 majority. The Constitutional Convention convened at Leavenworth on the 7th.inst. An insn plasterer, named ratiick Traeton, reaiding at No. 123 West 27th street, (New York,)ia in custody for cruelly beating his wife, and causing the death of bis child, only three months old. Alter beating his wife most biutally, he hauled her down a flight of stab*, by which she was badly bruised, and the child?which she had in her arms?waakillcd. Validity or a Title.?The Secretary of War baring referred the question of the validity of the title to certain lairds in Georgetown, purchased for the use of the Washington Aqueduct, the Attorney General ha* decided that the deed from Chit*. Abert and wife for the lands so conveyed vests a valid title in the United States. Appointed?Mr. F. U. Sticknev, of Maine, has been appointed to fill the vacancy in the second I class ($1,400 per annum) clerkship of the Third Auditor's Office, made vacant by the late removal of Mr. (ieorge W. Iiall. John B. Meek, Esq., of Pennsylvania, has been appointed to a second class?$1,400 per annumclerkship in the Pension Bureau. From California.?The steamer Philadelphia from Havana has Rrrived at New Orleans, bringing the California mails of the HOth ult., transferred to her by the steamer Central America for New York. The dates from Havana are to the ?th. The yellow fever was on the increase there. The news from California is meagre. Mr. Btevens, Democrat, has been elected Gover nur ui >v aauington Territory. The British minister at Lima baa been murdered by six Peruvians. The Coeta Rican government has decreed the expected Walker expedition piratical. rimaasant Pxalk.?The venerable Rembrandt Peale, of Philadelphia, now in hie 80th year, is sojourning near Boston. This distinguished artist is the only painter now living to whom Washington sat for liis portrait. Mr. Peale's first viait to Europe was made in 1809, when be painted Thorwaldsen. H; ,/; | E IW ' I L A SIGNIFICANT SIGN OF I>FCAI>ENCF. The annunciation in the United States Seuat twoi)ly-five yeaisego, of the demoralizing polii cal dontri.no, that " to the victors belong tho spoi of oflice," shocked, for a time, tho rnorul sens-ji the people, and raised a storm of indignant cei sure about the head of him who uttered it. tiu notwithstanding, such is the easy grade dowt wards, in all communities, and such the tcmptt tion which that doctrine holds out to those wh rank themselves among " victo-s," that howeve deleterious the carrying it out may be to the cout try at large, it at once became the rule of tb party tltcn and now in power, and has continue to be the ouiy. permanent principle of that part} witli great 3a?tihfulness, denominated " the publi plunder parly." But how much soever we muy lament the ado] tion of so grovelliug a principle or rule of polit cal action, we are compelled to admit that it hi nroved to be the great source of strength, an cause of success to the party adopting it; for has held out a temptation and inducement, thoug a mean and sordid one, to all such as have inoi ambition than moral principle, a greater love office and its emoluments than love of country, join those who promise plenty and plunder as rewind for joining their ranks; as the goner who promises plenty of " beauty and booty" lure to till his ranks wilh soldiers, who " fight f plunder and extended rule." That u the plund party " have been continually recruiting from tl Whig ranks, by rncuns of the temptation th held out, wc are, however humiliating the fa may be, compelled to acknowledge. To bo cc vinced that this has been the case to a very grc extent, one has only to see who arc the most t tivo political men in the several States, and c amine into their antecedents. We could read name moro than one hundred prominent me those who have held and are holding high nnd i flueutial stations in that party, who were once e tive, zealous, and, as wo then believed, honest a sincere Whig->?Whigs from principle; Whi because they held to Whig doctrines, and co demtn d the demoralizing course and " the spo principle " of the Democrats : men who zealous advocated "the union of the Whigs, for the sal of the Union." The same may be said ih regard to the Amei can party. Its rise was rapid, and for a time a peure i as if it were destined to possess the pow of' ''rewarding friends and punishing enemies but v lie" frbm some untoward circumstances tl tide itnd prospect were changed, those who In rushed into if with the inercC".'u7 h?Pe of obtah ing bv its success "the spoils of office," ru^ilfd pi end over to the other side with a haste, a speei and no anxiety truly ludicrous, and amusing and it is wonderful wiih what serious pertinacit far exceeding that of Peter, when he deni< his L.rd and master, they .now deny ever havh had any sympathy or connection with the Amci can party. But the American cock may crow 01 ot tiu ^ay8?unc* ma? ^ien as BOrry ^ ... r i w?ter was. their denial as. , . ... e ? , , "einarka is the followii 1 he occasion of these . --*<? assumptionmost extraordinary proposition a.._ namely, that it is the duty of the twe..v thournad postmasters in the United States to d what ?? 'hai which has heretofore been uuder6toc to be their dil'ty ? Not at all; but that they mui hereulier become an active corps to solicit sul scribers and advertising for Democratic newspi pers! We call especial attention to the languag here used, and tho significant hints intended to t conveyed to postmasters, that the tenure of the offices depends upon their activity in procurin aubsc: ibers-for Democratic papers, and their su] pressi.ig the circulation of those opposed to "th plunder party." What next? Yes, in the name of liberty an free government, we ask, what next? We suf pose v/e shall soon be told that the mail belong to " the plunder party," and that none but thei own party papers have any right in it; nor woul it our] iiih; ub vcij uiutu tv bet* uu uruit irufu tu Postn aster General to postmasters, mail contrac ore, a. d agents, to throw out of the mail all newi paper.- opposed to that party. Such an orde would be no more extraordinary now than th annunciation that "to the victors belong th spoils of office," would have been in Generi W A.ph isuton's time, or even in the young* AdarnVs, nor the app arancc of such an article t the following in a respectable paper during Ai aiub S administration ; it would then have shock* the m >ral serse of the whole country: Me.e istl article, read it, ponder it?it is or of the loadstones which serve to mark how f unscrupulous partisan politics, and "the spoi docti uy" have carried us from the straight line national rectitude laid down for us in Waehinj ton's farewell]Address; how far we have depart* from he high-toned political morality which cha acteri/ed " the better days of the Republic." " Postmasters are not bound by law to aid th circuit! ion of any .newspaper, and it is their dnl to fuiuish the accommodations of the mail servic to all. But they are indebted for their offices t their political friends, to which they belong. The duty to that party?simply good faith to their pi Iitical associates?requires that they should n< labor in hehalf of the principles of the enemy an engape in their dissemination. Kay, more; con mon honesty requires that they should, so f? as tbey reasonably can, reciprocate the kludnei of the party which has conferred office upon then by aiding in upholding its principles and perfec ing i * organization, and contributing to its su< ccsb. In no way can this so conveniently and efl cicntl > be done by them, as by extending the oil culftti m of Democratic newspapers. " 'J here is not n postmaster at the smallest com try h..inlet who cannot by a small amount of Iab< and a little tact, increase the circulation of Dcm< cratii newspapers in its neighborhood. Whei postn listers refuse to recognize their obligation t their political friends to do this, and espcciall when they engage in circulating black Bepublica newspapers, it is perfectly fair, nay, it is the dut of stl: preservation, for the Democratic party 1 dispe isc with their services, and bestow the , office i upon those who have a more correct appr ciatio 1 of political duties. " V ore than this, these post-office appointment so lot g aa it is agreed that they are political one shoul i be in efficient hands. They should be b stow11 upon those who have the disposition at the si ill to aid and strengthen their party in tl localiiy, and where they arc now in hdtida whit fall to accomplish this end, changes should u hesita tingly be made. On no other principle distril mting political patronage cau a party be su tainci . In the case of postmasters, a pretty go< index of their political efficiency is afforded I tho number of Democratic newspapers circular through their respective offices." THAT INFERIOR PAPER. The Superintendent of Public Printing's attc tion i ? so occupied now with the State*, that has not had time to consult with the Secretary the N**y,ei-Senator, paper maker and contract so aa to enable that distinguished functionary inform us how many thousand reams of thntchc paper he furnished, and which was accepted by I said Superintendent, at |6 00 a ream, to Congre I It is a troublesome question, we know, but 1 public hare a right to an answer. I ABOUT A 11E1>GE-1J0G. ..tsop, who left behind Idui a vast deal of wisdom e> ' and instruction in the Minuting form of fable, wrote i j one about the hare and the hedge-bog. It. runs soiucadint in this way: L;t A hedge-hog, having been lazy and idle, had J" neglected to form lor itself a burrow; aud one l> cold night, beiug without food or lodging, besought the hare to let him come into his burrow l" juat tor one night, and also begged for a little loud, 0 being nearly starved. 1 The hare, full of compassion, aud animated by u 1 generous sympathy, readily took the hedge-hog 0 in, gave him pleuty to eat, and a nice, warm ^ bed. tjg '> Finding himself in luxurious quarters, faring more c sumptuously than he ever had before, the hog held on for some time, eating from the store of i- .1.,. i ? *l... , '...I i ... u:... wii; narc. iujigtu, uit mi cur ihiiiuulcu iu 111111 *" thut his loom would be more agreeable than hie 19 Company, especially as his quills were sharp and annoying, Thereupon the hog told the hare that ,1, ho liked the place bo well he had no notion of i'1 giving it up; and if he, Mr. Hare, did not like his rt company, he might leave the premises as soon as 01 ho pleased, To show Mr. Hare t'lat he meant to t0 bo master there, he commenced running about a with his quills bristling out in every direction, killing some of the inmates of the habitation, ,H wounding others, and annoying all. or Without making auy application of this fable, we er present our readers with the following piece of Irish insolence from a man named Mitchell, who UB came uninvited to the United States, and dare not ,ct return to Ireland: ,n" " One Irish-born citizen, with his vote in his at hand, is precisely the political equal of one Knowic Nothing?no more and no leas; and can by no |X. means afford to yield one jot or tittle to tho claim of native superiority. We caniiot, I say, afford to 1 -v be humble in the presence of so proud a people; ,ui and if my adopted fellow-countrymen will follow in- precept or example of mine, hqmility is the very ic- last of the Christian virtues' they will cultivate. |1(j When they are perfect iu all the rest, then let them begin upon that. A few plain and simple ?8 rules would suffico for their guidanco in case of ivauvism oecomiug again ouirugeous?to wn., roils pay scorn with scorn. Obey the law, and stand ily upon your rights. If attacked in the exercise of |ge those rights, then blow for blow and (if it come to that) bullet for ballet. If a Know-Nothing smite tbee on one cheek, smite him on the other. Vote ** invariably against every candidate for every office p- who hints one word of Nativism. So shall you er prove yourselves worthy to bo the sovereigns .it of u free country; so shall legislators be concilia* ' tory, rowdies be bland, and even 'PlugUglies' invite you to take a drink." ENGLAND AND INDIA. For more than half a century England has been establishing her dominion in India, which, at the ' moment of the revolt of her Sepoy, or native troops, '' was one of the most populous and splendid ein'V! pires in the world. But from the latest accounts ; from the East, >t would 6eem as if the immense labor of conquering that country has all to be done over again, and that to re-establiBh her dominion, 10 England will have to put forth all her great millor tary power, sacrifice hundreds of thousands of ! Uvea, and expend millions of pounds sterling. It had been supposed that the inhabitants of India had become nearly or quite civilized and h um an vt> ized j but the accounts from that quarter reprc ; lo as fierce S3 fiends, ferocious as tigersj and cruel as demon*.. #nr dominion, but k ! The contest is not alone .. * -oteshmiconflict between Mahomcdanism aria x .. 1 ism, and also between civilization and semi-bar' ism. What the result will be finally, we do not | doubt; civilization and Protestantism must, in the if ( 1 end triumph over Islamism and barbarism. But ! ^ how long the contest may continue?how many ^ thousands of lives may be sacrificed before the reconquest of the country shall be accomplished, no ' ^ one can now foresee. England has been charged with exercising ar- ; bitrary and despotic rule over the natives. No ! 8 doubt she has; that sort of rule they are accus^ tomcd to, and uo other. Government with them is no government that is not despotic, and even ' e . .-On i_ji_ 1 tyrannical, lue natives arc a cow&ruiy, auject, t- down-trodden race from time immemorial; and like all slaves and cowards, obsequious and cringr ing to tbeir masters, but cruel, revengeful, and e savage to those in their power. c We copy largely from other papers to-day on ^ the affairs of India, as it is the great, absorbing :r subject, at the present moment, to which the at18 tcntion of the whole civilized, and much of tho Uiicivilized world is turned, sd ?__________ a?" We iuvite attention to the letter of "A ! Clerk in the Circumlocution Office," and especially dr do we call the attention of our exchange papers j|g to it. We wish our friends in the States to know Qf what tho condition of Americani is here in the District, under tho eye and thumb of the Government. The letter referred to gives an inkling ' only; in that the half is not told. " Clerk" lias not stated how Americans are hunted out, and then pointed out by Irish Roman Catholics, and how much pains arc taken to induce-those not .e Americans at heart to decline dealing with or ;o employing them. We know this to be so, from >r personal knowledge and by the admission and 3" justification of it to ourselves by a Roman Catho^ lie. Many Americans have been altogether broken up in their business, simply by the Democrats ir and Catholics, and others under their influence or M intimidated by them, withdrawing their custom from them, and going about among others and telling them they must not deal with such and 3 such persons, for they were American*We r- stated the fact a few days ago, which has not boen and will not be denied, that father O'B., a o.ii.. i;- a - /vf u:? A* ? 1 ??wupp??~ ??wi Ootvwtioua of the Spurious Democracy* The old Democratic party, that noble, glorious old party that Mood up for the poor iqau's rights and the spread of popular frepdqm and social t equality, bad one great quality that the miserable f organization which now claim# the name ef De inocracy, has never exhibited, end the went of ? which pi oven that it ia sham and Spurious. It waa e bold' five and outspoken, that^gidht old party; its fit exponents were tuen of sense ana men of standing; a its delegates to promulgate in conventions the sen- m timet its actuating the masses and the principles governing that sentiment, and to place true and reliable candidates before the party for office, were men of whom no one member of the party j was ashamed; honest, sincere, earnest, intelligent men, whom uobody was ashamed to own, and with whom all could affiliate. Look at the present i Convention, at the list of delegates composing the s| conclaves of the unterritied. Just run your eyes, e staunch old Democrat, over that list; American j Democrat, how your heart must swell with pride and pleasure to road over those illustrious names? " just glance with us over a few of them in the B County Convention, whose business it is to select a candidate for Judge of our most important local court to decide upon the rights, property, liberty ? and lives of American citizens, to select candidates p to keep your- Court records and seals where the t] naturalization is done and certificates given that confer upon the raw importation of last month P the high privileges of an American citizen. Just E read t his bright array of "broths a? boy a;" e Morris Egan, Hugh Boyle, Will. Boillen, Martin Cahill, Juo. Cofigrove, Michael Costello, Macbael Cahill, Thomas Carr, George CrOmneely, Thomas " Cartlcdge, Edward Cassiday, Francis Clark, Patrick Donahue, Michael Develin, Philip Devine, H Michaol Donohou, Jno. Daily, Jno. Deveny, ChaS. P Develin, Jno. Donohouc, Patrick Donohue, Robert Jj Flannegan, Archibald Foster, James Francis Gal- . laghee, Charles Gilligau, Thomas D. Grady, Peter *' Glixcken, Jos. Geisa, Bernard Gun, Patrick Green, ( Frantls Gallagher, Edward Gillen, C. Heishly, ^ Androw McChrystol, James McPeak, J nines McCoy, jr., Terrence Monahan, Thomas McCann, Patrii k McDonough, Wm. McMullin, James Mc- ? Kenn , Patrick McFarlund,B.T. McCormack, Wm. McCaadiess, John McCoinbs, James McMeuamin, 'J Alexiuder McClintock, Bernard McMeuamin, Joseph McLaughlin, Edward McGovern, James f McLaughlin, Joseph L. McNeil, John H. McGee, j1 DaVid McVey, Michael Magee, Gwen McManus, Patrick McBride, John McGinler, James McArran, ' Ja(n en McGrahanagen, P. McCaffrey, Lewis Kee- 2. gap, T. X. Kelly, Jno. Kane, J. Kelly, John Kfcnmn, Edward Lynch, John O'Brien, Thomas ? OfHara, James O'Donnell, John Bricn, Edward J5, Rower, Geo. F. Reilly, E. Ryan, Miohael Sweeney, Owen Seery, Henry T. Schegan, John W. Tally, John Tibbiu, Thomas Timmons, Edward Walsh, p John Lynch. j, j How do you like 'em, American Democrats? y Pnlylhink, American born Democrats, how you S) must cringe and beg these pure Democrats before you can get a nomination for an office in your t] pwn country. Apply to the priest, and beg the j bog-ti otters to go for you. How delighted you tj tnust l>e; how admirable the Democratic delegate ^ electa ns, to send such jewels of intelligence and ri patriotism to make tickets up for American Dem- B, ocrats to vote. Will American Democrats forget jf their manhood, and submit to those indignities? j We should think not, but we guess they will. Its t] quuc ii aeilgnuui tiling tu nitvc iuo e/auiuuc iriau- n men make the ticket, that the poor ignorant 8( American born Democrat must vote.?Phila. Sun. a ARRIVAL OF STEAMER BALTIC. ?. Nj;w York, Sept. 14.?The American mailstea- H mer 11 iltic arrived at this port this morning, bringing dates from Liverpool to the 2d inst. The news from Indii is a continuation of the 0 details of scene;' of horror, but no new incident of ^ importance had transpired. ^ Diplomatic relations have been resumed with t] Constantinople. A Mac.iuley, the historian, is to be raised to the t English peerage. The English crops have been secured in fine q "edition. ^ Cu. ' "?thing definite with regard to the At- g TheiO is i.?. lantic Telegraph. ' -+eem with ftxrThe details of the Indian mutiny . ~ deg. e ther atrocities. The French papers publisn ? _ patch affirming that mutiny had shown itself at ni Bombry, but had been suppressed. u| The United States frigate Sail Jacinto, and Ports- ai mouth and Levant were at Shanghtte, July 4th. ol A conference had been held there between Lord w Elgin and the French and the English com- Q mande re. ot The Emperors Napoleon and Alexander are to A meet shot tly at Darmstadt. w The British Minister at Fioienco has retired from his post on account of su alleged insult iu a fr matter of etiquette. g The French settlements in India were tranquil. fc Privnb letters from India state that the mutineers g were short of ammunition. ^ The China correspondent of the London Times r( gives the following as the course of action to be 0 pursue 1 by Lord Elgin. He will proceed with the ? fleet to the mouth of the Perko, near Pekin, j whence ho will transmit to the Emperor, a letter n requiring him within a specified time, cither to re- a cogni/.i or repudiate the acts of his officers at Can- .t ton. Jf otherwise, Lord Elgin will at once de- ( cl&rc war, occupy Canton and take further measures to bring the Emperor to reason. The silk crop in China has been abundant, and I of very good quality. 8 Later by the Persia. n The London underwriters of the Atlantic cable offer the company 86 1-2 percent, and relinquish all claims for salvage. Eleven more regiments are under orders for India. The Court of Aasir.es at Paris has condemned Ledru Rollin, Mazzini, and others, to deportation. The Atlanta American says: "Wc have it from a gentleman of undoubted veracity, recently returned from Kansas, that Govern >r Walker assured him that his inaugural h address was written out in Washington city, and i submitted to the President and a full Cabinet; * that it was approved by them, and, by request of I the President, he (Walker) stopped on his way at p Chicago, and submitted it to Stephen A. Douglas, (i who also approved it heartily I" J It needed no additional evidence to establish i these facts. They were conclusively established t by the Governor's giving his inaugural to the cor- t respondent of the New York Herald, before ho I left Washington, assuring the correspondent that ibe message was approved by the President. The message was made public in Kansas on the 27th e of May, and on the 81st of May, four days there- I after, and before it could possibly have reached t Washington, the cortespondent enclosed it to the C New York Herald, in which it was "published on ' the 2d of June, just one week before it was pub- ? lishcd l?y other New York papers, who waited ? till they received a copy from Kansas. These t facts showed that the message was written in Washington. and no sane or honest man will . doubt that it was written tlicre to be submitted to 'n Mr. Buchanan, and that it was so submitted and approved by him. The circumstances in thornselves form conclusivo evidence, without the declarations of Walker, who said in Washing|pn and afterwards in Kansas, that the message was approved by Mr. Buchanan. Mr. Buchanan has not only never denied the truth of Walker's declaration, but on tbe contrary confesses its truth by his approval and endorsement of his course,? (Jhron. DECLINE IN FLOUR. The following table exhibits tho decline In the f>riccs of flour in the New Ydrk market within the ast two months: July 9, Sept. 9. Extra State #6 80 55 l-_.? <7 r.r\ ft 70 Canadian Extra 6 in fi SO ' Southern Fancy 8 00 8 40 In Western and nil other brands the decline is from $1.20 to $1.00 per barrel. Is it not about time that the decline commenced j here ? Our loaves of bread are small, less, least. Mr Caleb Cashing and Sidney Webster have | formed a partnership In the legal profession, in Boston. * \ ' * ^ \jainuiic priest, requireu uuo ui ins uuva u; uu y. penance by living upon bread and water and e wearing pebbles in his shoes for two days, for the 'O crime of having voted for an American / y What and whose countiy it this? n : ;y NO MORE AGITATION??-WIIY ? 0 The Richmond Enquirer answers the above 'r question by saying that, as the government in all its branches is now iu the hands of the Democratic g) party, there is no further need to agitate the s, slavery question. e' A more candid admission that agitation has l(| always been resorted to by the " plunder party" for tho purpose of obtaining possession of the " spoils d- of office," could not have escaped from the lips of of any indiscreet partisan. But the fact is no new "J" thing; we always knew that when the Whigjj were placi d iu power by thp people, the Democrats raised a hue and cry about slavery, and attempted to make the people of the Bouth believe that their slaves were to be set free, that a servile war was to be waged, and the very " old boy" kicked up tn. generally ; and what is more, these demagogues of he the South were believed hv a pretty large portion of of the people of that section. The moment, howor, ever, they get the officet, they arc as quiet as a to child that has been crying for a piece of bread and :ap butt' i, l id lias at last got it. ,h? " No more agitation," ia the word now, and we >M| heartiiv echo It, for it ia one of the cardinal maxims of the American party. Without negroe* and 'he foreigucrs the Democratic party couid never get poaseMiou of the Government. - - , / THE NEWS. Bahi.it Bread.?The Maine Fanner commends tie tue of barley for bread, and speaks of receiving torn Aroostook county, a specimen of flour from yain cut August 8. The Maine farmers acknowldge early barley bread, taken hot, to be a real Uury, and especially so, as it comes at a season rben the meal aud flour chest is low, and Genesse rather high. The average yield of barley on ew laud is lager th?^ wheat. Death or the Hon. Geokok G. Dciih.?The lou. George G. Dunn, of Bedford, Leurenoe county, llHiflllA fiiofi At. Ytia moiHonno in ikat ?? "riday, the 4th instant, of an enlargement of the pleen, troni which he had been Buffering for ighteeu mouths. He waa forty years of age. )uriug two terms be was a member of Congress -om Indiana, though by birth and education a leutuckiau. Lakok Silk or Bibles.?At the New York trade ale, on Thursday, an invoice of Bibles, from Japer Harding & Son, of Philadelphia, amounting in ho whole to over ton thousand dollars, was disused of. This is probably the largest sale of tibles ever made at one time, and indicates the xtensive operations of the publishers. The Bible Abroad.?At the forty-eighth an;usl meeting of the Board of Commissioners for 'oreign Missions, on tho 8th instant, the afternoon essiou was occupied in listening to statements of ;reat interest concerning the progress of christian nquiry among the Turks. Dr. Scbauffler and Mr. Veat, just returned from Constantinople, spoke at sngtb on the subject. They describe the Tui-ks o be fast awaking to earnest iuquiries concerning Christianity. The Bible is freely sold every where, iy Turks and to Turks, even .in the yard of St. lophia's Mosque. Many liaye become Christians nd been baptized, and some of them are preaohng the Gospel. 1 he Bulgarians are also earnestly aviting missionaries to come among them. The [oorda are also gladly bearing the Gospel. In very direction there is a call for direct missionary ibor, and many of the native churches are open D the missionaries for preaching. The work among lie Armenians has reached its highest point of emand. The downfall of Mohammedanism in 'urkcy. will be its downfall in India and every itinra Toa T..el/a Af iltA -f l--l~ >uv?V* *'iO i uiaajuu^D VI liUU luopunuvu vi UUIjr ooks by the condition of the nations receiving hem. The Secretary of State is grbuning over his apointment of a special messenger to Nicaragua, t will be remembered that some time since Mr. William Carey Jones, of Washington pity, was ?nt out for the purpose of procuring certain in>rmution respecting affairs in that country, for ie basis of official operations by the government, he Department has waited patiently for a long ime, and at last comes?no information at all? ut a cock-and-bull story of the agent about being ibbed on the Isthmus, and subsequent trials and offerings that would melt the heart of a stone? ' that stone had implicit confidence in the stery. he appointment excited considerable surprise at le time, and the results have been only what light have been reasonably expected. I feel orry for General Cass, whose usual good judglent was doubtless overruled for the sake of bliging his old triend, Col. Benton, whose relive (by marriage) the agent is.? Wash. Corres. 3a. Inquirer. The Democratic Convention of Syracuse, (N. Y.) ver which Dr. Taylor, the chairman of the Barnurner Convention of 1849, presided, settled the ifficultics between the double delegations from be city of New York by admitting eight delegates -om each of the prominent factions, and allowing hem to choose one, The Convention nominated the following ticket: lomptrollcr?Sandford Church ; Treasurer?Isaac rauderpool; Attorney General?Lyman Tremaine; ecretary of State?Gideon Tuoker. Atlantic City, Sept. 10.?A fatal accident oouired yesterday at the new Methodist Church, ?n course of erection here. A large rafter, .. ? -'?me six or seven persons, broke pon which weru l" ""mind, a distance ad precipitated them all to tuc b. _ ~ ?| r over twenty feet. One man named Com*, v. at> almost instantly killed, and another, named eorge Scott, is not expected to survive. The .hers are all more or less injured. Dr. Pitney, of beecoiu, was sent for, and has since dressed their ounds. Suicid* or a Lady by Hanging.?We learn oni Mr. L. Williams, of Throopsville, that on aturday Mrs. Horton, wife of Wines Horton, Esq., irmerlv of Sennett, in this county, and now of outh Rutler, Wayne county, committed suicide y hanging herself in a piece of woods near her tsidencc. She suspended herself from a branch r a tree by nieaus of two skeins of yarn. She as the sister of Dr. McCarthy, of Throopsville. he cause of this deplorable act is said to be dolestic troubles. She and her husband separated bout a year since. We learn that her mother nd sister both committed suicide some years ago. luburn American. Death or mi Oldist Person in Illinois.? Irs. Catherine Donnelly, whose death at Woodtock, McHenry county, on Tuesday, last, was anlounced in thin paper, was one hundred and eleven ears of age, and was probably the oldest porson | n this State. She was a native of the county Ty- I one, Ireland. She was the mother of twelve ihildren. Notwithstanding her extreme old age, ibe retained the full use of her faculties to toe ast and until a verv recent date was able to move I .bout the bouse. For the lost fifty years she has estricted herself to one meal a day, aud that was dways partaken of after 12 o'clock in the day.? ?Chicago Journal, Sept. 6. Hkiiind tub Times.?A North Carolina paper ays : ' There are a great many people who lire n ignorance for the want of a newspaper. Last rinter, while trarelling between this place and laleigh, we met a man who conversed intelligently about farming, but who had not heard of the leathof John C. Calhoun or Oen. Jackson. He expressed great regret at their departure, and could tot imagine what the country would do without hem. He was told that General Pierce had kept hings pretty straight, when he asked " Who is 'ierce?" Expects or Was.?During the Mexican war, a ompany (G) of 106 effective men shipped from letrolt. The company went to Vera Cruz. Of hese, 70 were cut off in the forty days before Vera Iruz. Fire more perished afterwards. The small emnant of 80 returnod from the campaign, and rent into quarters at Detroit. Of these, 16 have inco died ; and of the 16 living, not one is capaile of doing hard labor. Arrest or a Postmaster and his Deputy.? lenry Rcinback and Louis Reinback, Postmaster nd Deputy Postmaster at Franklin, Illinois, were rreetcd on Monday, charged with robbing the nail. They have been snspected for some time, ind on Monday last a decoy letter was prepared >t Jacksonville, which led to their arrest. The cstimony is said to be conclusive. Everything is coming down, down, down? nercliants, provisions, real estate, slocks, sugar, ind beef. The poor, of course, are glad to see ill coine, but the rich only want those things to 'nil that they buy and consume. They rejoice to iee flour, sugar, beof, and potatoes, come down, )Ut fnlrlv ween when stocks and real estate fall. J Their newspapers cry up oonfidence in real es ate tnd Blocks, and call upon everybody to help the innke and sustain bank prices, but they would lave as great a jubilee over the fall of provisions is any body. Stkamir Jamks L. Cathcart-?This steam canal t>oat made another successful trip to this port during the early part of last week. She left hero on Thursday evening with ninety-tliree tons of coal, drawing only forty-nine inches of water instead of four feet and a half, as marked. She is fully able to carry ten additional tons with four and a half of water.?Cumberland Telegraph. * ' -o 4 s^l J ????a???*?M? T)|| York gives UU iQtMHtiBLlkk.., |H scription of tbe Central Paik, upon which there -w? ( are about si* hundred and Oft; men employed |H if clearing up tbe rubbiah. A great number of , IS living springe hare been found upon the ground, 'S and from tbeae a stream of pure water, three or * four Ifeet wide, will be formed to course through } the valley. The buildlpge are to be sold on the < 16th. The grouuda ere said to bee# been a neat resort for thieves, robbers, and criminals of all ]H kinds heretofore; and the acres of thick wood and H jungle certainly offered many advantagsa m hid- H tog-places from the offloers of the law. '' * **ji 1 A fatal railway casualty occurred a few diiya ago tffl at Hoboken, New Jersey. A boy subject to epi- ' leptic fits fell from the platform directly in front H of the locomotive and was shockingly m^wgi^ H one wheel cutting off a foot, another passijug over H the thigh, aud a third crushing the abdomen. He H lived some forty minutes, repeating as he gaaed H into his father's face, "dew father, dear father." H * Pxxpatmxxt or Postage.?The Post Office Do i partment hare issued instructions that when a distributing office detects large quantities of nopaid transient printed matter passing through It 1 unpaid, it shall return the same to the mailing atflee for prepayment; and also that at any office to which said matter is sent, which, although addressed to,, is not for the delivery of such office, the tarn* rule thall be obterved. A Direction to Posthaste as.?The Post office I Department rules that it ie illegal to carry letters H not enclosed in a stamped envelope over a railroad H transporting the mails, uuless it relates exclusively H to the business of the said road. It is the duty H qf Postmasters, if they obtain suffioient evidence H to sustain prosecution, to report all such cases H I to the U. S. District Attorney.' H A Qdxstion or Longitude.?A curious question H offset has arisen |n New Vork in the matter of H the McLoskey estate. The testator who died in H Paris, left a legacy of $6,000 to his neioe living in H Dubuqe, Iowa. It turns out that both uncle and H niece, testator and legatee, died on the same day; H if she died first, the legacy ceases, if he died first, H it goes to her heirs. The Evening Pod says it H looks now as if the question of priority of death must be decided by longitude. Synod or Virginia.?This religious body met * in Lewisburg, Vs., Sept. 2d. The opening ser- H inou was delivered by Rev. Wm. H. McGuffey. H Rev. Michael Osborne, of West Hanover Presby- H tery, was chosen moderator. The next session is H to be held in Charlottesville. I H Two men have recently disappeared from Newark, N. J., under singular circumstances. One is named J. N. Baldwin, keeper of a coffee and spice * " [ saloon, and the other Samuel B. Soden, a carpenter. I Caleb Cushing, late Attorney General of the United States, and Sidney E. Webster, late Private Secretary to President Pierce, have formed a copartnership, and are about to open a law office in I^H the city ofBoston. A new feature in church service was introduced at Portland, Maine, on Sunday, by Bev. Mr. Steb- j^H bins, (Unitarian.) He invited bis whole congregation to participate in the celebration of the Lora's Supper, stating that this would be the course that he Bhould hereafter follow. Col. Charles A. May, U. S. Army, recently in command at Carlisle Barracks, has been relieved by Col. Crittenden, and left the place. Before Ids departure a public dinner was tendered him by the citizens of Carlisle, which he was compelled to declinc by other engagements. Mr. William Kane, of Albany, was, on Thursday caught in Borne machinery, at a factory on Ide Hill, and whirled around at the rate of sixty revolutionB a minute; his ribs were broken, and the bones of his legB fractured; he cannot probably recover. . A mail bag has been found in the Appomatox river. It belonged to Chattanooga, and contained t mail matter for New York. It had been cut open and robbed, and contained nothing but three H bricks, with which it was sunk. Ex-Governor Alexander Ramsey has been nominoted by the Republican State Convention at St. Paul as their Candidate for the office of Governor of Minnesota. The Statue or Mr. Webster.?The bronze sUtue of Daniel Webster, by Powers, has been shipped at Leghorn for Boston, and may be expected to reach that port in a few weeks. It is eight feet high. The head is taken from the bust modelled by Mr. Powers from life. While a number of voung men were gunning for Reed birds, near the Lazaretto, Philadelphia, yes- WM terday, at one aud-a half o'clock, a load fired from a gun in the hands of Mr. Ellison, entered the breast of Mr. Edward Jouay, causing instant death. Tbe wife and daughter of Thomas Hastings, Postmaster at Dobba' Ferry, were instantly killed, Monday, on the Hudson River Railroad, by being run over by the cars while they were walking on tho track. It is not generally known that West Point is now the headquarters of the army, it having been removed from fNew York about a month since. Gen. 8cott has his office in the Academy building, where he transacts all necessary business. Samuel Byas, a Nova Scotia sailor, sailing out of Ellsworth, was taken with bleeding from the noae at thnt place on Saturday week, and before medical assistance could be procured, be bled to death. Not Mitch avtkr am..?It ia often said of Franklin, m If it were something wonderful, that he " sought the lightning in the clouds and fniprisoned it on earth." This is nothing. Wu know a man who, every night that he stays out after his wife goes to bed, is sure to catch thunder.? N. Y. Picayune. The choice for a successor of Judge Curtis, In . the U. S. Supreme Court Bench, is said to lie be* tween Nathan Clflford, of Maine, and Judge GOchrist, of N. H. Among the items of eipenditures of the city of Boston, for the'year ending April SO, 1867, is the following : u Food for squirrels, $88 27." Sunday was a joy fol dayln Gloucester, Mass. in arrivals of fishing vessels. One after another they came in all day with colors dying, and with frref from -500 to 200 barrels. About thirty-five thoqsand dollars' worth came in. Foriion Imports.?The value of the imports at Philadelphia from foreign ports, during the past week, was $497,196, muring a total since January 1st of $14,691,198. The value of the exports to foreign ports last week was $69,980. Widowhood.?There are 96,182 widows in the State of New Tork. It should no longer be called the Empire State, but the Stat# of Widowhood. " I'm livinnr on hoocs." said a young clerk.? 44 Capital idea, while "proyislops %ro high," an swercd a young lady. M- Mtrs. Carpenter & Tde, of New York, straw goods dealers, haw suspended. /Their 1 labilities H are large. A man who registered his name at Niagara Falls, > as W. T. Allen, of New England, threw himself from Table Rook on Saturday. H W. B. Williams, the printer who cut Ms throat H the other day, at Albany, N. ?., died on Monday H afternoon. The deaths in Newar k, N. J., last week, numbered 88, a decline of 11 from the previous week. Tho largest factory at Ballston Spa has been closed owing to the great adranoe in the price of cotton. H v ] , . - .. hiiiiiimm^ih?