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The American. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1857-1857, December 31, 1857, Image 2

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I THE AMERICAN.
WASHINGTON. DBCBMBER 81, 1887. I
? 1 * 1
AUK NTS FOR TUB AMERICAN.
Far Vint, Ssooad, Third and Fourth Wards, Henry
dokaaoa, residence 408 It street
For Georgetown, (The Euibudyment.)
For Both Ward, Qeoeve T. Drkas. I
For Fifth and Seventh Wards, Moktimbs Smallwood.
Hbmbt Botbb, Agent for Alexandria. t
? t
"THE UNION OF THE UNIONISTS, FOR
THE SAKE OF THE UNION 11" t
}fWT Communications, advertisements, Ac. '
Ac., for the "American," may be left at No.
881 Pennsylvania Avenue, Tucker's Sports- !
man's Warehouse. This place is central and
convenient, and we trust our friends will re- V
member that we are ready and willing to do *
them good, at all times, by advertising their
J!.: J J : ,L_ .tl.nliAn r\f ttin ''
CUululUullH O, III! ummilg IIIC iivtcuuvu v? uiv
public thereto by articles, under the local head. 8
' We are disposed to put them in good humor. 0
with themselves and with us, and to keep them ^
, so. If there are any that don't believe us, let c
them try it on and see what they'll get.
Br 1 1 ?
A CHANGE. >'
/The Amebican will hereafter be issued as a e
weekly, instead of a semi-weekly paper. In t
announcing this change to our friends?many n
of whom have laid us under lasting obligations d
of gratitude for their active exertions in our ii
behalf?we feel it necessary to state the reason v
which has moved us. It is simply the want b
of sufficient support to enable us to go op p
smoothly, and do justice to our readers aijl li
ourselves, with two issues a week. t
The American party in this city has gone tl
through a fiery ordeal for the last three or four* d
' years. Americans have been the objects of b
unceasing slander and persecution as well as. *
of military and brutal assault Every kind of p
misrepresentation has been resorted to, and s
every possible odium heaped upon them. All1 c
this they have borne and could bear, if it were p
ended here; but the war upon them has been v
carried home to ''their business and bosoms." f<
Every one holding a position under the govern- a
ment has felt it to be his duty, acting in the d
spirit, and undoubtedly in accordance with the p
wisuca ui mo au|/uivic, w iciuoc cuipiuj uivui* U
to every individual known or suspected to prefer
his own countrymen to foreigners, and to. 1<
discharge from employment all 6uch as may b
have acci^ptly been employed. And as go- a
vernment is the great employer here, and its 1
influence ramifies throughout all branches of t
business, even that of merchandize, it is easy g
to be seen how seriously this baneful and hos-, n
i . tile influence operates against those who dare g
to differ from the powers that be. t
Many have been driven out of employment m
altogether, and left dopendent upon chance for ]
the support of their families; many have been f
compelled to seek employment elsewhere, and e
? others to give up their friends and associations (
for a time, in order to prevent their families
from suffering. We have reason to believe }
there are scores in the metropolis who would <
\ " take and sustain the American, but dare not t
The cause has their best wishes, but they live ,
under a tyrannous despotism which prates of j
liberty, but allows none. ]
Thus circumstanced, it is not to be wondered <
at that the American* here are too few and too |
straightened in their pecuniary means, especi- \
ally at this time of genet's! financial distress, (
to support a semi-weekly paper in such a man- ]
I
WM. ,_ . 3fcfcSl?i S i. "-ifeK"' -.
nor h k> nm u remunerative.
For thcae reasons we hare determined to
make the change, and shall present our readers,
no one of whom we trust will desert us, with
a handsome and well-filled weekly sheet?one
that will be found interesting and valuable as
a fairilt paper. Our female readers, we are
sore, will approve the change, for we, shall
take especial pains to win their favor, by a
goodly supply of well selected tales and literary
reading, which will, we hope, make them
always look anxiously for, and welcome the
appearance of the Wisely American.
As our hands were deprived of their Christmas
holiday, and some of them are suffering
with severe colds, shall issue no p iper on ,
Saturday?nor until our regular day of issuing
the weekly, the Saturday fyllowing. The paper
win be enlarged and much improved in appearance,
aa well as in fact
" The election of two Senators by tbe Legislature
and of three Representatives by tbe people,
all Democratic, completes tbe claim of Minnesota
to the poMtkm of a thoroughly Democratic Bute.
It will abort iy bo admitted into the Union as each,
and we predict for her a steady adherence to tbe
political principles she baa thus early adopted.?
I't Unitn. I
Bat every one knows who knows anything
about tbe Minnesota election, that the Demom
cvatie majority was obtained by the meet palpable,
gross, and shameless fraud ever practised
by s party with whom fraud is as com '
mon, aa deceit, dissimulation, falsehood and
mmalti were with Phillin II. of Snain. and
I the Italian nobles and princes of the middle
I The Pembina returns were false, fraudu
lent and forged, like those that Got. Walker
and Mr. Stanton rejected as such in Kan-1.
I yy Judge Douglas' firs' and great speech
I on Kansas affairs, in reply to the President's
I message, is most extensively published. It
I 1 has probably been read by more than five milI
lions of people.
I fW We think it highly probable that before
I the dose of the present flaeal year, another
I government loan of twenty or twenty-fire
I millions will be called for.
I Prosperity Is a blearing to the good, bat curse
I to the eriL
I iLLSim or Foaassr, ras Tsassdiaii.?Forrest,
I the tragodiaa, is daagsronsly iO at Cleveland, 0.,
I at the American Hotel.
I fW Got. Wise has bean "in the straw"
I again, and dettreted of another mesmgs. The
I three thoossnd moekets trouble his brain, and
Sj be has told all about them.
I Jodge Dooglas' course has been en
I domed aad approved by a Democratic meetiag
lr f-/g, * Chicago. ,
I 1ST Is Mr. McKson rsmored or not! If
ysn far what! If nay?why not?
\
py It may appear somewhat strange to
the uninitiated that Judge Douglas, fpopn I Id- it
nois, should so strenuously oppose the action Ji
of the Kansas Convention in leaving only the is
question of slavery to be decided by the rt
people, and even that in such a manner that C
-hey cannot exclude slavery from the State, at
md that the two Senators from Indiana, an n<
idjoining State, should as strenuously sustain S|
hat action and stand by Mr. Buchanan and
he administration. at
In looking for the moti\es which actuate ^
imbitious politicians, he who should take it tfa
or granted that they are governed solely by n
he reasons which they avow for their action, ev
n their public speeches, would greatly deceive ac
lirasclf. Public men, and especially those of
rho have ulterior objects to accomplish, and ti<
re looking to the attainment of higher sta- R
ions, have pi ivate as well as public reasons fr<
or what they do. We do not pretend to a
agacity sufficiently keen to detoct the secret th
auses moving these Senators; but let ub sup- or
>ose that Judge Douglas should have pereived
that the people of Illinois had imbibed *
ome free-soilish notions?that the public mind w
f that State had become impressed with the A
dea that strenuous efforts had been made to tx
stablish slavery in Kansas?that the Consti- 00
utional Convention had been a willing instru- vc
nent in the bauds of those who were thus en- w
leavoring to make slavery one of the domestic ?u
astitutions of that State, against the known
rlshes of a large majority of uthe actual in- re
isbitants thereof;" and suppose also, that the M
leople of Illinois looked upon the action of the th
ate Convention as fraudulent and violative of
he organic law of Kansas; and suppose fur- ar
her, that Mr. Douglas' term in the Senate was ra
rawing to a close, and he was desirous of re
*ing re-elected to that distinguished station, nc
rould he not very naturally be anxious to wi
ursue a course in accordance with the public 8e
entiment of the people of his State, if he of
ould do so consistently with his own views of so
ublic duty? We should conclude that he
rould; and we see nothing very strange there>re,
in his taking the attitude he has assumed;
ny other, under the circumstances, would un- Uj
oubtedly have made shipwreck of his political g
respects, and thrown him up, high and dry,
pon the sands of Gape Disappointment
So much for Judge Douglas' course. Now <jc
it us suppose that a certain prominent mem ^
>er of the Cabinet, from the South, should be p]
n aspirant for the Presidential nomination in
860; of course the Vice President would be g(
aken from one of the free States, case the n(
aid aspirant from the South should obtain the m
ioniination,; and if that aspirant were from a -ys
Southeastern State, it would be quite proper u
o select the individual to run on the ticket
vith him from the Northwest; and who more
ikely to be selected than the senior Senator D(
rem Indiana, especially as he is a friend, per- ^
tonal and political, of the member of the ft
Cabinet referred to? ^
If then, the possibility or probability of the g,
tappening of such an event as the nomination u
>f the two gentlemen named, should have enered
the mind of either or both of them, it ?
irould be quite natural that they should desire }e
rtow to harmonize with each other in their political
views and action; and it would not ex- e,
;ite very great astonishment that looking at g
the Kansas embroglio through the same spec- a
taclcs of expectation, they should both see the e
action of the late Convention in the same
lifhL
That thtptople both of Indiana and Illinois .
bake-the same view of the Kansas fraud, we 11
cannot for a moment doubt The election of 1
the two Senators from the former State took Q
place but lately, and is contested?if their
icats were now within the gift or refusal of the 8
9eople, we cannot but think they would find e
that the line of their duty led them in a very j
liSerent direction from that which they are V
cow travelling. But we are to remember that
it is the Senate that has to decide upon the le- "
gality of that election, and that a majority of
that body adhere to the administration instead
of coinciding with Judge Douglas. Thus we 4
perceive that there are surface-currents and
deep sea currents in politics; and we know *
that ambitious men are often more influenced ii
by currents and reasons unseen than by those t
that are upon the surface and apparent to all. 1
In plain English?it is whispered that Mr.
Cobb, of Georgia, is a candidate for the Presidential
chair, and that the friends of Senator 1
Bright favor his aspirations with the undtr- *
standing that the latter is to be placed on the 1
picket with him for the Vice Presidency. This *
is said to be one of the causes why Mr. Bright '
and his jcollcague, Mr. Fitch, sustain the ad- 1
ministration in its course upon the Kansas I
question. Another reason given is, that it is
in the power of the administration Senators to
declare their election illegal and void, and their i
seats vacant; in which event H is not now <
probable they could be re-elech d. Their only '
chance, therefore, of remaining in the Senat: <
is, to sustain the administration. 1
Drath or "Miss Corns."?The English ,
lady whose persecutions of Mario attracted so
much attention in Paris last year?whose box
at tbe Italians was made with a eliding panel
to draw before her whenever Mario left the
stage, and who followed that blessed tenor
from city to city, from clime to clime?has
just ^ied from the effects of burns incurred
some time since by her dress catching Are,
just as she waa on the point of starting fot the
opera to hear Mario once mors in the " Barhiarw
"
We have respectable end respected citizens
in every State in the Union, qualified foiufihe
discharge of the highest duties which are required
at oar public offices abroad, and we
trust in the integrity of Mr. Buchanan that they
will not be overlooked to make room for persons
who are Americans in little else than a
mere name; persons who make a convenience
of oar country to secure a passport to official
distinction abroad. The further employment
of tuck will not be tacitly acquieeced in.
A Failcei.?The Springfield Republican states
that Mr. Eli Thayer's coloay at Oersdo, in Northwestern
Virginia, exbibita symptoms of decay and
hastening disaohition. A number of tbe colonists
have returned to Massachusetts in disgust and destituUoo.
This result is attributed to the cupidity
of the managers of tbe coloay.
/
Hf" Sow* of the papers at the North call- T
ig themselves Republican, together with the <?"
rational Br* of thin city, assume the right to w
cture certain members of the Hoase of Rep- ^
aentativea, to wR: Messrs. Morris of Pa.,
lark of Conn., Campbell of Ohio, and Claw?n
and Bobbins of N. J* because they did ^
Jt think proper to rote lor Mr. Grow for ^
peaker. ^
1"lOT p-yvm j??. v.. ? ?"B~" ? (Jt
id attempt to exercise a usurped authority. f.
Whoever may have voted for these gentlemen,
ley were elected as Americans, and not as ^
spublicans. It is trne that, as a choice of tj(
ils, perhaps, soma of them two years ago w
ted with the Republicans in the organization f&
' the House, and on many important quea- ^
ms relating to Kansas; but that gave the ^
epub deans no right to demand party fealty Be
om them, and no such right is admitted; ja
ist of all has tho Era anything to do with gj
em?as they never recognised its authority
belonged to its distinctive party. p,
Mr. Grow refused, two years ago, to vote for ^
person as one of the officers of the House, 0j
e are assured, simply because he was an or
merican. What claim, then, has he to Ame- jj>
can support^ and what right have Reptibli- ^
in papers to lecture Americans for their
>tes? Let them use the lash upon those
ho train under them, Americans will not jjj
ibmit to it The Era says: w
"Let Messrs. Campbell, Ezra Clark, and the ^
ear Jersey members, have the whole honor of
presenting the American party in the House, P4
id Republicanism will not suffer in th<f least from th
e fact." UI
The editor is probably not aware that there ^
e many members in the House whom he M
nks, we presume, as Republicans, who are pr
ally Americans, and who believe the time
>t distant when the Republican organization cr
ill dissolve into thin air, and the American
ntiment become the predominating principle ^
the opponents of the administration. But j|t
ch we know to be the fact. n I
N<
Buchanan vs. Douglas.
The administration is busily at work rallying ^
i adherents in the different States, and getting
> popular meetings to sustain its course on .
ansas affairs. While it uses cautious and ^
mperate language towards Judge Douglas ^
ire it can easily be perceived that his political ,,.
iwnfall has been determined on if the Presi- ^
?nt and his Cabinet have power to accomish
it jo|
But in the meantime those who stand by the ge
snator and think him right and honest, are ^
>t idle; and we accordingly see Democratic ^
eetings held in various parts of the N orth and ^
rest, at which resolutions approving his course ^
e adopted. ^
Judge D. is not a man to back out through ,
ar, from any position he may hare taken;
>r will his opponents find it an easy matter to
rive him from it As for reading him out of
ie party, he is as much the Democratic party s*
imtelf, as Mr. Buchanan and his Cabinet to- ^
sther. It will be but a small affair when he '
id his followers leave it ^
A close attention to the language of the ^
Tnion, the Richmond Enquirer and other
ading administration papers, will show that
lere is more feeling unexpressed than is allowi
to find rent in words, towards the recusant
enator. There is a quati war between him ^
nd the administration, but it has not yet reach- jj
d the point of open and avowed hostility. n
AN OLD DOCUMENT. bI
On the 4th of August 1849, the following ^
nterrogatories were propounded to Mr. Sena- ^
or Fitch, by Grove Pomeroy: d
1. Will you, if elected, tot* for the uncondilion- h
I repeal of Slavery in the District of Columbia ? f<
2. Will you vote for the abolition of the inter- r
Itate slave trade?
8. Will yeaVite for the Wilmot proviso being 0
xtended over the Territories of California and ^
lew Mexico, and against any law authorising slaves
o be taken there as property ?
Please answer the above questions, yes or no, h
rithout comment si
Grove Pomkeot. ti
ANSWER.
With pleaeur* 1 antwer to the above S
bestiona. e e tEntertaining
the views indicated in my answer h
bove, I shall not only vote "yes" ou these *
oeasures, but if no older or abler member, whose P
nfluence would be greater than mine, introduoe a
hem into Congress, 1 thai I do it myeelf if I have
be hooor of holding a seat there. ,
G. N. Fitch. *
Mr. John Martin, ol London, is being put in F
KMseesion of the " Jennens' property" which 1
or so long a period has bee * without a recogtized
heir. The sum in oash he inherits ?
^mounts to the inconvenient sum of $80,000,000, [
rbile his income will be $4,000,000 per annum, t
rhe inheritor has been wretchedly poor all his <
ireceding life. .
Indian Visitors.?There are now thirty-five j
'sons of the forest" in this city, representing ,
teveraT tribes. They come from the junction ]
>f the Running Water and Missouri rivers. 1
rhe chiefs now hero are tall, stalwart men, '
sach one standing over six feet in his moccasins.
* j
Tax FiLListrsTERs.?The Galveetoa News of the ]
26th ultimo says there are now about seven hnn- i
dred men enlisted in Texas as emigrants to Nicaragua.
It further says: I
" Most of these will soon leave for Nicaragua,
and the rest will follow with but little delay. Of
ooorse nothing has yet been heard from General
Walker since be left, but news sill be received
from him by the 1st of Deoember, and no doubt ,
accounts will show him to be In possession of all
the porta on the Ban Juan River, as there were no ,
forces there to oppose him. General Heningsen
is now in New York, doing all he can to aid the
cause. Col. Waters is in Houston, and will leave
with the first emigrants that start to join Walker.
It it well known that Walker is now receiving
the active co-ope ration of many of the most influential
men in the South, and though the movement
has been delayed by the reoent financial
nnnrrililliinai ? tin nniuv;, JU? vTvrjMMig ?o
now progressing most favorably. Col Rogers is
In New Orleans, acting as Gen. Walker's principal
agent there.
%W The New York Hera'dof Wednesday, contains
an article charscteristicaHy abusive of every
member of the 86th Congress. It is surcharged with
arrogance, impertinenoe, ignoranoe, flippancy and
setf-ooooeH. The writer characterises the debates
in the Henate upon the Treasnry note b(U, as of "the
most wishy-washy and trashy description," and
says that the measure had been 11 discussed with
the shallowness and flippancy of a bar-room conversation."
There were speeches made in the Senate on that
occasion that would do honor to any statesman,
considering the little time for preparation.
-
or* We hava received the Beltm Dat'j ??por
rot the 18th inst., audio (he inquiry of the editor a
respond, thai if he trill examine the reoorde of t
Bute Department of Alabyms, he trill find that c
certaiu person was on the 16th day of January, r
122, appointed by Governor Piebena Jtrooe of a
e Court of Common Plena of Dallas oounty, to j.
I the vacancy created by the resignation of Judge
ylett. The name of the pereoo the* oeaamie>ned,
will clear up the mystery, and satisfy his 0
iriosity. ________________
WING CBACKEHS ON CHRISTMAS. [
The practice of celebrating the birth of our t
iviour by firing crackers and pistols?a prao t
3e we never witneMed anywhere but hero?
c iw& upvu uo uupiupvrt wownw ?u? j/iv- c
ne. This is a proper mode of celebrating d
e anniversary of our National Independence, u
it wholly inconsistent with that devotional r
ntiment which the birth of Christ is calcu- i
ted to inspire, and of course with the reli- f
ous ceremonies of the day.
If the firing of guns, pistols and crackers be o
oper, then it would seem to be right also that 1
ere should be military parades ; and instead ?
going to church and listening to the pealing b
gan and the swelling chaunt, the "Gloria in h
zcelsis" the service and the sermon, we! |j
lould listen to the music of " the ear-piercing ?
e," and the rub-a-dub of the martial drum, a
We should think parents would be in the *
le of their duty by inspiring their children'
ith different sentiments on this occasion than, ?
ose associated with more noise and gun*; b
>wder. Let them rejoice and bo merry; let
eir hearts be joyful and glad; but let them
iderstand why the Jay is observed as a holy r
iy, and why it should be celebrated with harp s
id timbrel, and with songs and anthems oi I ?
aise.
We give our full consent to the boys to fire
ackers on New Year's day. v
" Should Douglas and those who think,with him ! b
sort us, we may be assured that there is a po- ; ^
ical earthquake coming, which in 1860 may leave ;
Sssure of fire as the dividing Hoe between the i h
?rth and South." ; n
We think it well to record the above hypoetical
threat for the benefit of future refer- .
iCe. It is the closing paragraph of the lead- gi
g editorial article in the Richmond Enquirer p
the 21st inst The sum and substance of ?
is fulmination is this?no more and no less? j
if the Democratic party is to be dissevered *
shall the Union?for what is the use of pre- ! c
rving the Union if wo, democrats, can no ; it
nger divide the spoils of office among our- o
Ives?" Mr. Calhoun never uttered a truer
ntence in his life than when he said that" the b
emocratic party was kept together by the co- . b
?ive power of public p under." The distri- , j
ition of the loaves and fishes of the govern- j a
ent among themselves, has been the one all- :
isorbing object, motive and principle of the S
aders of that party. Hence, though they t P
larrel as fierce as hungry wolves over "the
mils" when won, yet the moment that these Q
mils are devoured and more are to be run p
iwn, like the same raVenous wolves, they ^
nite in one pack, and think of nothing but '
le game they are in pursuit of till it is in j
teir possession. c
" Democracy," " Democracy," is thefr cuckoo . ,
py, but "plunder," " plunder," their object ^
A Lowo Time to Wait.?In the middle of <
ie fifteenth, century the Count of Lofrono c
ros made prisoner by the Duke of Burgundy. ' c
le ransomed his life by the surrender of imjense
estates, conditioned, however, that they
honfd not be sold, and that after four hundred ^
ears they should revert to the heirs of the
!ount For this long time the estates have ( 1
een enjoyed by the heirs of the Duke, and ]
lie ultimate rights of the heire of the Count i
iavo been kept in view and recognised. The .
jur hundred years have expired, and the arangements
have been made for the transfer of '
he property. The heirs of the Duke have , 1
ffered to pay 20,000,000 francs for a clear title
? the property. ,
St. Louis, Die. 28.?Kansas advices of the 22d
istant have been received. The constitution with <
lavery was carried by a large majority, but the reurns
are meagre.
It is stated in Lawrence letters received by the *
*. Louis Republican that a body of men had gone i
? Lecompton to seise the territorial arms. Lane
ad also gone to Fort Scott with the avowed inention
to destoy the place?to exterminate the
to-slavery settlers on the Shawnee reservation,
nd carry the war into Missouri.
Walkir in Custoot.?Niw Yoax Die. 28.?
Jen. Walker delivered himself to Marshal Rynders,
rho has made arrangements to acoompany the-,
irisoner to Washington to-morrow, to ascertain
he intentions of the President. ,
Rscirriov- or thi Nicaraouan Niws in thi
Iocth.?Mobile, Die. 28?There is great exciteaent
here to-day in regard to the government inervention,
and the arrest of Qen. Walker. It is
>elieved that a public meeting will shortly be held 1
>n the subject.
What thi Moxnino Pafirs sat.?The Leader
s not prepared to give up Douglas yet, and advises )
Democrats not to be too brsty in denouncing him?
rh ich we regard as superfluous oounseL, since near- 1
v all the Democrats in this city actually euelain
Douglas aaainet the Administration.?8t. Louie
Evening Nnee.
Minnesota Election?U. 8. Sinators Elect- '
in.?Chicago, Dec. 28.?The official canvass of
Minnesota is completed. The entire Democratic
ticket is elected.
Messrs. Rice and Shields wore elected U. 8.
Senators on the 10th.
pT " Long John" in his paper, the Chicago
Democrat, says:
" Judge Douglas knows that he was ' knifed' by
the South at the Cincinnati Contention, and of
oourse he cordially hates the instrument that was
used to do the deed. That instrument is James
Buohanan.
" The present quarrel in the party, then, we
consider not so much a quarrel for principles, as
it is a quarrel for spoils. It is a quarrel of per
1 *" * mi mt Kuid. and nersonal revenue
BUUil uaw w* vi. wv ???, r
on the other. Mr. Buchanan hatea Judge Douglas
and Judge Douglas seeks to hare his revenge upon
Mr. Buchanan.
If the above be true, then Bx up the Kansas
imbroglio as they may, the breach in the party
will not be healed.
BMr. Van Buron thought As was " knifed by
the South/1 and by Gen. Cass, at the Baltimore
Convention in 1844, and in consequence of
that, made the movement he did in 1848, to
defeat Gen. Cass, and in defeating him " knifed"
the South.
PT The conquest of Filibuster Walker
and his men, and the bringing them back to
the United States, is likely to be the throwing
of pitch under the already boiling political
cauldron. Mr. Buchanan has his hands full of
Walkers. *
Bfy W e call the attention of our readers to |
article in another part of this paper, en- 1
led " Parianr* Exfosed." There are but (
ornparatively few presses in the United States
ow, which will publish anything that militates 1
gainst Romanitmy however extraordinary may
k> its character, or however glaringly it may
xpose the dark deeds practised in the name 1
f religion. Kead the articlo.
' .
" When the slavery question is submitted to the
teople of Kenaas ss hss been provided, so far as
bat Territory is concerned, the object of the Ne?
iraska bill will have been fully and fkirly at- 1
lined."?Richmond Enquirer.
Then the Democrats of the North were most
gregioualy humbugged when they were inluced
to vote for that bill. They did not 60
indersland it; the Southern Democrats did
lot bo understand it, and nobody so understood
t when the bill was under discussion and
asaed.
" Intentionally or not, It cannot be denied that by
pposing the admission of Kansas under the action of
he Lecompton Convention, they are giving aid and
omfort to the enemv. Senator Douglas is in this
ategory. Ik ii not at all'unnatural that he should
? deeply interested in the operation of the Neiraska
bill. And considering his former fidelity,
lis previous bold defence of Southern rights, we
re willing to boar with him to a certain point?
le has reached that point .If he takes a single
tep beyond it, the Southern Democracy will for- 1
ake him in sorrow. As he now stands before the
ountry, a simple question of expediency alone :
laces him in opposition to the Administration.?
tut upon that question, the fate of the Union may
>e turning."?Richmond Enquirer.
Hero is a very significant hint or caution to
udge Douglas. "Gurardcz eons." "You have
eached ' a certain pointif you take a single
tep beyond it, the Southern Democracy will j
irsake you."
Such is the threat sounded in his ear from
lie South ; but at tho same time he hears the
oice of the North, saying "he who shall
ountenance the monstrous fraud attempted to
e played off upon tho people of Kansas by
lie Leoompton Convention, need never ask or
ope fbr favors from me. He shall 'never
lore be officer of mine.'"
i
In Rome milk was used as a cosmetic, and for
aths as well as a beverage. Fire hundred asses J
applied the bath and toilet vases of the Empress,
'oppasa. Some doxen or two of the same animals
rere kept to maintain the decaying strength of
VancliitT nf Vrtniu) A nmn/u nf milk. RntJnr ,
'as not known either in Greece or Rome until
omparatively late periods. The&reeks received
t from Asia, and the Romans were taught the use
fit by the Ger.nan matrons.
Rbvolution in Mixico.?Later advices have
een received from the city of Mexico. Comonfort
ad become dictator, and dissolved the Congress,
'he city was in arms. Comonfort's proclamation
nnula the present constitution, and convokes a
pecial Congress. The army in several of the
Itates had pronounced in bis favor. No open opiosition
to his measures had taken place.
fg" Journal or Imdustby.?This the title
if a weekly periodical published at Philadelihia
by Samuel Lloyd, and edited by J. P.
Sanderson.
The character of the work is indicated by
ts motto, "All other countries but our own ex:lude
by high duties, or absolute prohibition,
vhatevcr they can respectively produce within
hemsclves. The truth is, and it is in vain to
lisgUise it, that we are a sort of independent
solonies of England?politically free, commerually
slaves."?Henry Glat.
THE GREAT FILLWUSTER AGAIN
LET LOOSE.
Walker, the great fillibuster, after having
>een arrested and sent home by Commodore
Paulding, and brought on here by the Marshal
>f New York, has been turned loose by the
Government, with a hint, we suppose, that he
had better hasten to raise more men, and return
to the scene of his late adventures.
And now we call attention to the letter of
Commodore Paulding to the Secretary of the
tywy below, with the simple remark that we
do not believe it was the wish of the Administration
that Walker should be molested, nor
that he should be prevented from raising an
armed force in the United States with which to
invade Nicaragua; and that he knew the private
wishes of the Cabinet were with him.
Flao Ship " Wabash,"
Off Aspinwall, December 16, 1867.
Sir : My letter of the 12th instant informed the
department thatl had broken up the camp of General
Walker at Puota Arenas, disarmed his lawless
followers, and sent them to Norfolk in the " Saratoga."
The General came here with me, and will
take passage in one of the steamers for New York,
where be will present himself to the marshal of the
district.
The department being in possession of all the
facts in relation to Walker's escape with his followers
from the United States, as weU as the letters
of Captain Chatard and Walker to me after he
landed at Punta Arenas, the merits of the whole
question will, I presume, be fully comprehended.
I could not regard Walker and his followers in
any other light than as outlaws who hsd escaped
from the vigilance of the officers of the government,
and left our shores for the purpose of rapine
and murder, and I saw no other way to vindicate
the law and redeem the honor or our oountry
than by disarming and sending them heme.
In doing so I am sensible of the responsibility
that I have incurred, and confidently look to
the government for my justification.
Regarded in its true light, the case appears to
me a clear one; the points few and stioog.
Walker came to Point Arenas from the United
States, having, in violation of law, set on foot a
military organisation to make war upon a people
with whom we are at peace. He landed there
with armed men and munitions of war, in defiance
of the guns of a ship-of-war placed there to prevent
his landing.
With nothing to show that be acted by authority,
he formed a camp, hoisted the Niearaguan
flag, called it the " Headquarters of the army of
Nicaragua," and signed himself the commanderin-chief.
Wi'h this pretension, he claimed the right of a
lawful government over all persons ana things
within sight of his flag. Without right or authority
he landed fifty men at the mouth of the river
Colorado, seised tho fort of Castillo, on the Sao
Juan, captured steamers and the goods of merchants
in transit to the interior, killed men, and
made prisoners of the peaceful inhabitants, sending
to the harbor of San Juan del Norte some thirty
or forty men, women, and children, in the
steamer " Morgan."
I In doing these things without the show of authority,
tbey were guilty of rapine and murder,
and must be regarded as outlaws and pirates.
They can have no claim to be regarded in any
other light.
Humanity, as wjll as law and justice, and national
honor, demanded the diepereon of these
lawless men.
The remnant of the miserable brings who surrendered
at Rivss were conveyed in this ship last
suinmsr to New Yoik, and their sufferings are
yet fresh in the memory of all on board.
Besides the sufferings that would neoessarily be
inflicted npon an innocent and unoffending peo
. f
pie, these Uwless followers offl General Walker, ( 1
3idcd and deceived into e career of dime, i r
doubtlssa have perished in Central Ansaifea, |
or their uiutilated and iesteriag bodies have been I
brought back to their friends at the expense of '
their country.
For the above reasons, which appear to my mind
quite sufficient, I have disarmed and sent to the
United States, Genera) Walker and his outlawed
and pimi leal followers fbr trial, or for whatever
action the Government in iu wisdom may think
proper to pursue.
Captain Oqtmanny, of H. B. M. ship " Brunswick,"
olfeied to co-operate with sse in removing
the party from Point Arenas; but, as they were
my countrymen, I deemed it proper to decline the
participation of a foreign flag.
I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
H. PAULDING,
Flag Officer, Commanding Home Squadron.
The Hon. Isaac Toucey,
Secretary of the Nary, Washington, D. G. JJ
Marine Disaster?Charleston, December 28.? I
The ateamabip Columbia, which arrived here to- M
day, from Baltimore, reports having apoken, off jj
Gape Ilatteras, the clipper ship Grey Eagle, faem (J
City Point, Virginia, bound to Rio, with a cargo of flour,
dismasted. The latter refused assistance, _ ^
but seven of her passengers were taken off by the i
Columbia. 11
Walker Excitement in New Orleans.?The I
news of Walker's capture was received here with *
general indignation, and great execration against D
Paulding. A meeting is called far to-morrow
noon. There is an intense feeling here in favor of I
reinforcing Anderson. m
Later from Kansas.?Accounts from Leaven- M
worth are to the 26th Inst. The vote was 238 for ?
the constitution with slavery, and nine against.?
Many Miasourians were present, and some voted,
swearing that they were then inhabitants of the K
Territory. Some were arrested. Judge Lecompte
issued a habeas corpus for their release. Calhoun
was burned in effigy. There were rumors that I
Denver had ordered the arrest of Lane. V
Terrible Conflagration.?We regret to learn 1
that the citizens of Marion were, on Tuesday night,
visited by another destructive fire.
The fire broke out about half past nine o'clock,
in a building on the Bouth side of the public square,
and consumed the whole block, including the Perry
House and Commonwealth office. The loss of
property is estimated at not less than seventy-five -Ml
thousand dollars, and may be considerable more.?
Selma (Ala.) Daily Reporter.
From Havana?New York, December 28tb.? j
The steamer Empire City, from Havana, with dates
to the 23d, haB arrived. The Bteamer Grenada
arrived at Havana on the 23d with the mails for
New Orleans. Sugars were improving. ,
The steamer Fashion and United States sloop-ofwar
Saratoga were at Havana. The steamer Philadelphia,
hence, was passed on tho 24th, off Cape
Florida. Freights at Havana were dull.
Speech of Judge Douglas.?We have read the
official report of the speech made by Judge Douglas
in the Senate of the United States on Wednesday.
It is a very able effort, and its argument
cannot be answered. The speech will be more
looked for by the people than any that has been
made for several years.?Columbus, (O.) Journal. '
It strike! us that Mr. Douglas is right, and that
Mr. Buchanan and those who suppqrt him are
radically wrong, and acting in direct contravention
of the principles established by the organic
act of 1864, and embodied in the Cincinnati platform,
upon which the battle of 1866 was contested
and won. Buchanan has shown inconsistency,
while the action of Douglas has been uniformly the j
uenuni urpiiu, HUM ...... T..?..
wu fined $25 by .Justice King.
Another hackman, John ftingham, vu hired
by a hoy to tskc him from the Milwaukee to
the Southern depot, and charged him $5. He
was fined $25 by Justice King, and made to f J
refund the boy the $5.?Albany Statesman. I I
I
*
same irom uie wgmning w we present ume.? ""
Cumberland (Md.) Telegraph.
Pzotiction to tbi Biacs.?The Supervisors of
Albany county have paaaed very stringent laws to
restrain sportsmen from destroying birds at certain
seasons of the year, The practice of shooting
gam* for tb? foe of h, ought to be restrained by
BuiUble penalties.
Cast-Stiil Cannon.?Bast-steel cannons are
manufactured at Essen, in Prussia. The patentee
baa refused to sell his secret to Engfish agents,
who were empowered to offer him largo sums.
Recently the French Government have ordered
three hundred field pieoes, and the engineer Todleben
is at present at Essen with an order for a
still larger number foi account of the Russian
Government
The Buffhlo Courier, a prominent Democratic .
Journal, takes strong ground against the attitude
of the administration, end aides with Walker, on
the new Kansas complication. If the Democratic
press will speak out with one voice on the question,
Congress will at an early day rqject the action
of the Leoompton Convention and authorize
a new Convention to frame another Constitution.
Pttroint.?The Alexandria Gazette disposes of
the prolix epistle of Gov. Wise in a very summary
manner. After giviog it an insertion as a part of
the political history of the times, it says:?" It
bristles with italics and ia ferocious with small
capitals, but the damage done is not at all in proportion
to the size of tne charge, or the loudness
of the report"?Lynchburg Virginian.
The Hon. Thomas F. Marshall publishes a card
in the Louisville Journal, of Thursday, in which
be proposes to deliver in the city of Louisvilio a
complete series of lectures on modern history,
civil and ecclesiastical, beginning with the history
of the papacy where he left off In the last lecture
delivered there a few weeks ago. He announces i
fifteen lectures in all. ~ - |
Another Swindle.
When shall we hare an end to the swindling
operations of members and officers of the Iste
Black "Republican" and Know Nothing Congress?
of these gentlemen who set themselves up as of
superior intelligence and honesty ? The affairs of
Matteson, Gilbert, Greely, A Co bare hardly hided L
from the public mind, when we find William Oub *
lorn, the late K. N. Clerk of the House, arraigned
by the Congressional Globe as making a $100,000
strike. During the last moments or the term of
the Thirty-third Congress a deficiency bill was passed,
one provision of whioh was an appropriation of
$188,000 "to indemnity the Clerk (Cullom) for
such sums ss be msy hsre expended for books furnished
or to be furnished to members of the House"
?but which books he never furnbhed, bat made
arrangements with members by which they were
to receive a certain amount of money and give receipt*
for book*, Cullom pocketing the remainder
of the money. Boon after the adjournment of Congress
it is charged that be applied to the Treasury
Department for $50,000 to indemnify him for books
already supplied. His claim was refused by Mr.
Whlttlesy, then Comptroller, on the ground that no
vouchers were presented.
He, on the accession of Governor Msdill to the
same offioe, renewed bia application to him, asking
this time but for $20,000.
It was refused on the same ground that Whittle- ,
sy declined ; Cullom presenting no vouchers proving
the expenditure of a single dollar for the purpose
indicsted. I
The House of Representatives owes It to itself
to thoroughly investigate this whole subject.
[n. 7. JVirwi ,
Ovtr-Chakoino.?a man named Lowell
hired a hack man named Wm. Moore, of hack
No. 4-4, on Saturday, to take him from the
Southern depot to the Central. The hack man
took him first to the Qalsna and then to the
r* _ a 1 Jama! nkornsor) Kim Aft Kft IIA I

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