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Weekly American. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1858-1858, April 03, 1858, Image 1

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VOL. 1.
-LL . J. i .... .... .
The American is published every Saturday, on the
following terms: . ^ ^ ,. . j , ,
Single copy, one year. I $2.00
Three conies, one year tf ft.Op
Five copies, oneyesr..8.00 '
Ten oopies, one year. ?
Single copy, au HtoqiUs f 0y .1.00
Ten copies, six months...:..... 8.00
Vttotrtfary ngenta are entitled to retain 60' ceutai
qoutinission on each yearly, and 26 cents oounuisaion
on each semi-yearly, subscriber, except in the case of
A Club of iva subicribera, at $S, will entitle the
. person making it to a copy for mx muntba ; a Club
of ten at K15, to a copy for one year. When a Club
has been forwarded, additions may be made to it^ on
the same term#. :
Five eat^ta per lino |or the first insertion. Two
. and a half cent# per line for each subsequent insertion.
Three weeks preTtouaAu tlie expiration of subeeriptions,
each subscriber will find his paper watered together
on the margin. Thus, each may know, that,
three weeks after the receipt of a paper thus sealed,
their subscriptions will run out, and be reminded
that they must immediately renew.
All letters, communications, and orders, must be
addressed to
' e. W. FRNTOW,
Washington City, D. C.
We can hardly think it necessary to urge
upon those who hold that Americans ought to
ruls America, the importance of having a paper
at the scat of the federal Government, which
shall enunciate and advocAtc the doctrines of
the American party.
A paper issued from any of the great centres
of a nation, but especially from the political
Metropolis, in the present age, not in this
country only, but in Great Britain, France, and
wherever there is the least freedom of discusBion,
is a medium through which those holding
similar sentiments in regard to public affairs
and public polity, may make known, discuss
and defend their views, and expose the
impropriety of the principles, and the impolicy
of tho measures of their antagonists. It should
earnestly labor to give a proper direction to
public opinion by enlightening the public
The Americas is the only paper published
at the seat of the Federal Government which
advocates American doctrines; tho only sentinel
of the party stationed where a near and
clear view ean be bad of tho movements and
doings of thfllr opponents at their headquarters.
Here political information concentrates, and
from hence it radiates to every part of the empire
; here party measures and movements arc
determined, and political campaigns planned;
here stratagems are ooncoctod and thwarted,
and here at certain seasons of the year politicians
most do congregate; hero, in abort, is
the centre of the great political maelstrom in
which so maDy thousands are constantly plunging
and forever gyrating.
If the American party is desirous of being a
national party, it should not be without a
(taper here through which it can make known
to all people its viewy, aims and opinions, and
which shall also refute the calumnies that are
from time to time uttered against it through
ignorance or a less excusable motive; and we,
therefore, take hope that the American, standing,
as it will stand, upon the platform of the
American party, advocating, as it sill advocate,
the paramount rights of native-born citizens,
eschewing, as it will eschew, all interference
with slavery as a national concern, and
maintaining, as it will maintain, perfect freedom
of opinion and of conscience in religion,
will And favor in the eyes of all truly patriotic
citizens in the land, and commend itseli to their
generous support ,
Lest wc may not have been specific enough
w declaring our principles, we add, that the
Farewell Address of the Father of his eounS-,
as illustrated by the broad light of his adnlstration
is our political text-book and tade
mecnm ; and shall be our compass and chart.
Of the American Party, adopted at Ike motion of Me
Motional Cbuneil, Juno 3, 1867.
I at. An humble acknowledgment to the Supreme
Bciug, for His protecting care vouchsafed
to our lathers in their auoeessfui Revolutionary
Struggle, and hitherto manifested to us, their descendants,
in the preeervation of the liberties, the
iudopendcnce, and the union of these States.
3d. The perpetuation of the Federal Union, as
the palladium of our civil and religious liberties,
and the ouly sure bulwark of American Independence.
. i - .
? Sd. American* wruet rule America, and to this
end Ho/ivr-born citisena should be selected for all
Stale, Federal, and municipal offices or government
employment In preference to all others:
4 to. Persons bora at American parents residing
temporarily abroad, should be entitled to all the
rights of native-bora ciLUeoa; but
5th. No person should be selocted for political
Station. ( whether of native or foreign birth,) who
mmguisus any allegiance or obligation of any deacri|itioti
to any foreign prince, potentate or power",
or wbo refusee to recognise the Federal and State
constitutions (each within its sphere ) as paramount
to all other laws, as mles of political action,
v 8th. The unqualified recognition and malnte-'
? .U- - rfaka rj tlu Mml Huua
ad the cultivation o< liarinouy aqd fraternal good
will, between the citizens of the several States, sod
to this end, non-interference by Congress with
questions appertaining solely to the In dividual
his tea, and non-intervention by each State with
the affairs at aay other State.
Ilk. The recognition ol tiio i ghtol the nativehorn
and naturalised citisena ol tho UnitedrSutcs,
permanently residing In any Territory the eof, to
fratae their constitution and laWa, and to r gulate
their deni antic and social affairs In their own mods,
wtyeot oaly to the provisions of the federal Constitution,
witii Um privilege of admission into the
Union whenever they have the roquiaite population
lor one Representative in Congress. Prmidtd
fcseea, that nose but those who are citizens of
tike Dotted tttatna, under the eeoetitution and laws
thereof, anil who have a fixed residence in any
such Territory, ought to participate in the formation
of the constitution, or in the enactment ol
Hrw* fbr saM Territory or State.
7' 8th. Am enforcement of the principle that wo
i State or Territory ought to edrnit others than eitimua-oi
llia Uuitoii to Um of tuflrimo
or of holding politioal office.
9th. A change in the laws ol naturalisation,
making a conlinncd residence ol twenty-one years,
of all bot hereinbefore piovided for, ,n indispensable
requisite for citizen ship hereafter, and nebshng
all panp > ami persons otmvicisd of crime,
turn leading upon m>r shows ; but ne Interference
with the wealed rt|^r e of foreigners.
10th. Opposition to s ty union between Ohnreh
an# State; no intdKerenfeo With religious faith, or
Wtithia, ahd ne teat rwtba for elfice.
llthJ FtoS ami clioAnifp Investigation nto any
and all alleged abuses of public functionaries, and
r Str'ct economy in onHio aapendituros.
19th. The mairttsrtadde and enforcement of all
la VI corah a ionaHy caaabi, sutii add lswa nholl
Li.e repealed, or shall be declared null tnd void by
onipetent (irdMal authority.
711th. A IVea sitdbpen dtaenasion of fill political
piifMipiea embraosd la sur ptMfonh.
? '
... , , . i.. . . ' .1 . i-.. !
I'll giro thee, good fellow, a twelvemonth or twain,
To search Europe through, from Byzantium to Hpain;
But ne'er shall you find, should you seurch till you
So happy a man m the Barefooted Friar.
Your knight for his lady, pricks forth in caroer,
And is brought home at even-song prick'd through
with a spear-,
I confess him In haste?for his lady desires j
No comfort on earth save the Barefooted Friar's.
Your monarch f Pshaw I many a prinou has been
To barter his robes for our cowl sad bur gown,
But which of us e'er felt the idle desire
To sxchsnge for s crown the grey hood of s Friar 1
The Friar has walk'd out, and wber'er ha has gone, I
The land and its fatness is mark'd for his own ;
He can roam where he lists, he can stop when he tires,
rur kivvj iuuu s uimse is me nurelbotca rrlars.
He's expected at noon, and no wight till be ooruel '
May profane the great chair, or the porridge of plums; v
For the best of the cheer, and the seat by the fire, j
Is the undenied right of the Barefooted Friar. ,
He's expected at night, and the pastry's made hot, 8
They broach the brown ale, and they till the black pot.
And the good-wife would wish die good-man in the j
mire, 1
Ere be lack'd a soft pillow, for the Barefooted Friar. a
Long flourish the sandal, the oord, and the rope,
The dread of the devil, and trust of the Pope; v
For]to gather life's roses, unscathed by the briar, f!
Is granted alone to the Barefooted Friar.
[For the American.] f
Punishes his Son for Writing to Uncle Josh; 0
Visits a Lager Bier Saloon and Finds Him- "
self Discovered in a very Mysterious Man- p
ner; Relieve* an Orphan, and is Himself r
Relieved, and in for a Little Legal Amusement.
New Yobk, March 25, 1858. Q
Weli., Mb. American: I have been at least ^
four and-twonty hours under the displeasure
of my good and kind I'ap. When I wrote to
you my two last letters, I thought the Amer- p
ican only went South, but 1 find that we are ^
the observed of all observers. As an illustration
: the other evening, the Governor and myself
strolled into a Lager Bier Saloon in WilIiamstreet.
Immediately,theproprietorhanded t]
us two glasses of "vite beir;" and when Pap s
put his bond into his pocket to pa}', the polite
gentleman made us a profound bow, and at the r
same time handing us the American, remarked:
" Dat dc Quattlebaums' vas alvays velcomc." ^
You should have seen the old gentleman's r
face?how he smiled; and turning around to
me, he remarked, in the most dignified man- r
per:. "
"Billy, put that papor in your pocket Ws j
will read it at our leisure. I always told you p
tho Quattlebaum's had a name that you should e
be proud to own."
I wish I had left the confounded thing in the ^
Lager Bier Saloon, for Pap's tune was changed t
the moment he read the letter. He remarked, a
if it had been publised in that miserable penny c
paper the " Star," it would have been of no r
consequence; or tho "Union," or even the "
" Herald," aa those papers were not much ; but t
to be held up to ridicule in such a respectable r
paper aa the "American," was too bad. But
he said ho felt some satisfaction in knowing J
that ho was noticed in a sheet that had respeot|
ability next to the "Intelligencer," but he taboed I
I me twenty-four hours; and said 1 must not h
write any more letters to Uncle Josh. .So I, j
| for the present, address this to yourself, in n
, hopes your valuable sheet will reach Uncle o
Joab. . : r
Pap was so delighted at the politeness of the i
lager heir proprietor, that he settled down in
his seat, determined to see the whole evening f
: out. We Bipped ourwhite beer, while a piano li
: and base drum performed. The Governor
thought the base drum did the music very well,
: but could not say much for the piana As
; each of the guests passed in, or out, they all
bowed to the Governor, who drank and bowed, ?
i and bowed and drank?rising every time?-until h
after drinking, bowing, and rising, he became
very much fatigued, and remarked that he had
been completely overcome by politeness, and
"did not think as much good manners as ho ^
witnessed that evening, could be found in all r
Holland." f
j The old gentleman became quite fhnny, as I
the result will Rhow. At tho forther end of a
! the saloon, was a dark brown curtain, which r
I ro;e at the tingle of a bell. The performers
consisted of a fat Dutchman, a lean one, and a a
little dumpling of a fiaulina Pap said he had o
j learned enough of German to understand every- h
i thing was said, and that when he had learned r
' to drink lager?which he thought wan mnch I
! more difficult then learning Dutch?he could
j get along very well. The fat Dutchman afore- %
aid, commenced the triette, then the lean one f
struck in, and Anally the little fraulina, who r
was dressed in a hrown dreas?rather short? r
red stockings, yellow shoos, and pointed straw y
hat, with any number of ribbons, of any nam r
ber of colors, streaming from it. The ehoros |
of the song was al way* terminated by a danoe t
between the trio, which pleased the Germans; t
and, as Pap said he had not qqltc advanced f
far enough into the mysteries of the language ]
to fully comprehend; but he felt himself in i
duty bound to laugh at the right time. This fj
performance being over, the Governor was /
anxious to adjourn to somo other saloon; for, ?
as he reraerked, " that, as lager beir had now t
become one of the institutiona ef the conatry,
he intended to mako himself fully acquainted j
with it, and the saloons." r
We strcdled across the psrk, snd looked into j
that waterless pond, where once two tame s
swans enlivened the dreariness of the spot and Y
pleased the loafers; and, while there, Pap espied j
a young girl, dresard dn bl ^ck. He had not r
forgotten the teWms, and he drew himself up h
to his hill height, and, pointing to her, he remarked
to me: t
"Billy, there is another mock"- he was 3
shout to ssy "widow," but just at that moment 3
?efel d
-: v '' ' , 1 * .??:
he soft, silver moon shone on her face?on the
see of s young gut not more than fifteen?and
in her cheek rested a tear. Slowly he dropped
lis finger; his face shone all over with benevilence,
and he whispered, softly:
" Billy, she may be io distressand softly
approaching her, he remarked to her, in a genie
"My dear, Is there anything that distresses
Theac words appeared at once to open the
ountatns of her inmost grief. She leaned her
lead on his shoulder, and sobbed aloud. Pap,
ilacing his arm around her waist, asked her to
ell him her grief. She could only sob forth:
"Father! father!" ,
" Ab, yes! I see," said Pap, " the poor child
s an orphan. What can I do for you, my
" Oh, nothing, sir; nothing, sir. I have come
lere to grieve alone. Do not, I beg you, sir,
vaste your sympathies on an unfortunate orilian,
who lias been left desolate, alone, and
n poverty. I thank you, sir,; I thank you,
And with a slow step, and sorrow on her
roung cheek, she moved away, and was soon
ost in the crowd of Broadway. Pap wiped
. tear from his eye, and remarked:
" Billy, my son, you must always sympathise
rith the unfortunate. The Quattlcbaums' have
;ood hearts."
We now passed on up Broadway to Goslip's.
l'cs, to Goslin's, the best restaurant in New
fork. Ah, Mr. Editor, I never will forget Gosin's.
If you desire good terrapins, or good
ood, go to Goslin's.
Well, it was here wo strolled in, and engaged
ur supper; but when Pap looked for his portaonie
in teas gone. With one hand in his
iocket, and a vacant look at Mr. Goslin, he
" Sir, it is gone /"
I stepped up and paid the bill, and led the
Id gentleman into the street, and whispered
a his ear : #
" The orphan, sir, at the Park /"
A shot from one of the heavy guns at the
)ardanells could not have made a greater cxlosion
than did the indignation of my father.
"The orphan, sir!" he said, in surprise.
Billy, I am astonished at you! No, sir; no,
ir! she was an orphan. Do not dnre again to
raduce, by your suspicions, that innocent face,
ihc was an orphan."
And from thence he read me a long lecture?
eachiug from Goslin's to the ARtor?on charty.
But, Mr. Editor, the next morning I hanIcd
him the Police Gazette with the following
kotice in it:
"AN OWNER WANTED.?Mart Black, a
otorious street-walker, was found with a little too
nuch tin in her possession, and said, in defence,
hat it was given to her in the Park by an elderly genleman
and his son. Such person calling, proving
iroperty and amount, will receive back the artile."
He rend the article over two or three times,
lefbro ho was convinced of its genuineness;
>ut at last, dressing himself in a great hurry,
,nd without asking me to f >llow him, he startd
up Broadway. Believing the old gentleman
ather under the influence of last night's politeless,
I followed. He suddenly brought up at
he Toombs, entered, and addressed, in a huried
voice, one of the policemen.
"Sir," ho said, "look at this advertisement
' am the gentleman'"
Th'o star took him to the Judge, who directed
iim to describe property, Ac. The Governor
inrried out his words:
" Portmonio, red morocco; initials, J. Q.;
ooncy, $1,250in New Jersey notes; one key;
>tie wedding ring; two tailor's bills; one shoenakcr's
bill; and a draft on the house of Squash
t Grub for $3,000."
The pocket-book was handed over, and fifty
on ml to bo missed; but this was not all. Pap
lad to give bail to appear against the afllictod
Ad gentle Mary.
Send my regards to Uncle Josh, and tril him
rhen Pap geta in a good humor I will write to
dm. B. Q.
It is a cold, winter evening, the wind whisles
and moans without; from another apartnent
the merry shout and ringing laugh of
hlldhood is borne to my ear, hut in their joys
have no part. I sit in my solitary room, and
a I gaze into the glowtng embers, laithlul, cruel
nemory, telle me why I eit alone.
From mycarliest yearn I longed for lore and
ympatliy. Left alone in the world witiiout
no f.ieud, how often I have wished that God
lad left me a mother or a slater; and then my
ebellious heart would blame Providence, that
alone should he desolate.
Bnt I was forced to crush soch thoughts;
,nd with none on whom I might lavish my afection,
I grew up a wild, ungovernable hoy?
ny temper was like the slumbering volcano,
cady at any moment to burst forth with fury,
'et none who looked Into my face. In my cslm
noods, would hsve ?lreamed that in a moment
might bo changed into a demon. I need not
ell where, or how, T met with Ellen, the bcauiful?the
glorious embodiment of all my dreams.
Enough, that she was the idol of a happy home,
can me her now, her bright eyes filling with
ears as she listened to a tale of woe, tDd anon,
lashing with indignation over a recital of wrong,
tnd this high aoulod, beautiful chik]?loved,
nd looked up to me with devotion that somoImes
sent a pang to my heart
" Ellen," I said, one evening, " I tremble, Icat
n taking you from yonr home I should not
nako yon hsppy."
She raised her confiding eyes to mine and, as
he nestled closer to me, softly answered, "I
lave no fear."
" But, darling, you do not know mo, as T am;
ny temper is like the whirlwind?and you
invo no fear that it may overwhelm you? "
"Never inind your temper," aho gaily anmered.
I will mend that; and I mean to make
rou such a perfect dove, that you won't know
.... ' '
Well, we were married; and as I heaed those
innocent Hps pronounce the vows to bo mine?
mine forever?lay heart swelled with rapture ^
and I inwardly swore ahe should never repent tj
that hour. I bore her to the home which.I had ?
prepared for her, and there in that simple abode, ?
were passed the only happy days of my life, j,
My hopes were realised. I had love far beyond
my deserts, and I lived in a dream of holy and
tranquil bliss. And Ellen?I know she was ft
happy. Often, when I have taken her hands, w
and asked, have you repented, Ellen? she would Q
flr her earnest, truthful p-lsnrn on m? and i
laughingly reply, " Do you see contrition in my n
eyes?" Blessed timet How could the fiend
find entrance to such a paradise? s,
At the time of our marriage, I had just en- 0
tcred into business and with a vory small eap- S(
ital, consequently I had a great many hard
struggles in meeting my engagements. To fc
Ellen, I never revealed these trials, from a mistaken
notion, that the dear child could not understand
business matters; and therefore it bi
would give her needless pain. ^
I had a note in bank, which must be taken
up on a certain day. My mind was harrased ft
fearfully. Should I fail in meeting it, my ere- a,
dit would be ruined. For several days I had ^
used every exertion; and the cvoning previous rt
to the last day of grace, found me without the w
necessary amount.
I was about to close the store for the night ^
when an old companion of my bachelor days vj
entered; and seeing my dejection, he jestingly 0|
inquired if I were mourning over my lost lib- hi
ertv. I candidly told him my situation. He
studied for a few moments, during which I fin- hi
ished the work of shutting up, then cheerfully
exclaimed, "I think I can let you have the
money to-morrow." Wc left the store together bi
and my companion proceeded to tell me that w
if I would call upon him, at nine the next morning,
he would lend me the amount I was
almost stupefied with the good news; and could al
scarcely utter my hearty thanks. " Never mind m
about that, old fellow, I understand you?just L
step in here," we were at the door of a feshion- n
ab'e drinking house, "and let's have some- h
thing." Alas 1 where was my guardian angel g
then? We entered, and I drank. In five M
minutes I felt the poison mouhting to my brain, al
I did not become drunk, but that one glass, ai
unused as I was to stimulants of any kind, was ~
like molten lead in my veins. I reached home 'c
with a wild, irritable feeling which I could not
control. I was anxious to recover my com- 11
posurc before I should meet Ellen; butter quick n
ear detected mc, and in a moment I heard her si
light feet bounding down the stairs, I was ai
sitting with my head turned aside ; as ahe en- tl
tered, I felt provoked; why could she not loave tl
me alone for a moment? She was at my Bide ti
in a moment "Come, loiterer," she ex- a
claimed, taking me mischievously by the ear? p
the next moment she reeled across the room, ti
Great God I Could it be a reality ? was mine v
the hand that dealt the blow ? Oh, the agony
of that moment; eternity cannot blot out tho
horror that filled my soul.
She did not fall, but, recovering herself, stood ^
confronting me. Never can I forget that look. ^
Her features w&c as tho features of the dead; ^
but her eyes?those tender eyes, ther literally 81
blazed with soorn. For a moment ahe remain- 81
ed without uttering a word; and then "Unman- 01
ly coward! " broke from her white lips, and I **
was alono. When I dared to seek her, she was t(
in her chamber; and her sobs, every one of 81
which seemed to rend her heart strings, were ?
daggers to my heart I implored her forgive- c
ncss; told her that 1 knew not what I did?
that I was mad. Iler generous nature could not
bear my distress, and she bade me think of it ^
no more, and assured me of her entire forgivo
From that night Ellon was never the same. a
True, she strove to be as of old; but I felt that *
" tho iron had entered her soul." Never again !
did she Rpring forward, her innocent counte- 1
nance sparkling with joy, to meet me; but a
feeling of fear had fallen on Iter light heart
That fearful evening was never alluded to. 0
Her proud heart would have shrunk from the "j
pity bestowd by her friends, and her grief was
buried in the silence of bcr own heart I saw her
fade, slowly but surely, from the earth.
No medicine could reach her disease. The ^
doctors said it was a decline?that she was j(
predisposed to consumption; and I even thought 0
her last breath was spent in blessing me and in e
struggling to assure me of her love?did I not c<
know that I was her murderer. a
I am now an old man; yet from that fatal tl
hour the demon who wrought my ruin has never ft
visited me; and f have lived <* th "days that T
were," and in hopo of meeting my lost Ellen
in a world where tho storms of passion and the "
tears of sorrow are never known.?Netr York 44
Sunday Di*patch.
Rsi.ifliora IimxMoKNcit.?The Baptist Examiner
of last week Rays; "Our revival sum- )r
? n'lu.l/e t.ftt'f t liAiirrli i i?l nor fAnf 1 \f
fiirti v nil imCTj wwvur 1 '""P" iwv "i
necessity, shows s groat advance. Over seven- c
teen thottsand conversions nre thereto specified, t]
and the ingathering on probation and otherwise u
reported in onr Methodist exchanges during tl
the same period, amounts by our own count to p
over twenty thousand more." The summary p
specifies the following conversions that have
come to ita knowledge: Maine 411, New Hampshire
82, Vermont 804, Massachusetts 2,fi74, ^
Rhode Island 887, Connecticut 79fr, New York 1
2,888, Pennsylvania 1,748, New'Jersey 898, r
Delaware 40, Diatrict of Columbia 21, Mary- f
land 9, Ohio 1,148, Indiana 787, Illinois 1,146, ^
Michigan 804, Wtsnoosin 488, Iowa 278, Min- I
nesota 888, Missouri 424, Kentucky 498, Ten- J
nessee711, Virginia f>95, other States 177, Brit- (
ish Provinces 287. t
.Hi, . i
" My desr, what shall we name bub?"
" W hy, husband I have settled on tbe name 1
of Peter.
" Oh, don't" he replied; '* T never liked 1
Peter, for he nenied Ms master."
" Well then," replied the wifc, "what name
do you like?"
" I should like the name of Joseph "
' "Oh, not that," replied she, " I can't bear
Joseph, for he denied his mistress." s
in i-Trial
roiJu MJ U(p- )> vl . rffwgni ttff) I
rc ,
' ' - " M,r' ' - ?u
R1L 3, 1858.
Slorjr for Boy*.
It is related of a Persian mother, that on j
iving her son forty pieces of silver as his por p
ion, she made him swear never to tell a lie, t|
nd said, "Go my son, I consign tbee to God, ^
nd we shall not meet again till the day of M
ldgment." is
The youth went away, and the party he si
raveled with was assaulted by robbers. One it
:llow asked the boy what he had got, and he
aid, " Forty dinars are sewed up in my garlents."
He laughed, thinking he jested. K
mother asked him the same question, and he ^
aceived a like answer. '
At last tiie chief called him and asked,the 1
irae question, and he said, " I hare told two
f your people already that I havo forty dinars a
iwed up in my clothes." '
He ordered the clothes to bo ripped open and a
mnd the money.
"And how came you to tell this?" said he. j,
"Because," replied the child, "I would not n
0 false to my mother, whom I promised never
1 tell a lie."
" Child," said the robber, " art thou so mind- tl
il of thy duty to thy mother at thy years, and g
m I insensible at my age of the duty I owe to tl
ly God ? Give mo thy hand that I may swear ci
jpentance on it." He did so, and his followers b
ere all struck with the scene. h
"You hare been our leader in guilt," said h
ley to the chief, "be the same in the path of c<
irtuc." And they instantly made a restitution b!
r spoils, and vowed repentance on the boy's P'
and. al
There is a moral in this story; which goes u
eyond the direct influence of the mother on oi
ic child. The noble sentiment infused into h
ic breast of the child is again transfused from h:
reast to breast, till those who feel it know not w
hence it came. la
Two Fbrsoil Tickets in mi Fiei.d.?After ti
1 the Missouri Republican's lugubrious jere- liads
about the growth of Free-soilism in St.
ouis, and its homilies and sermons about the
ecessity of redeeming our city from the dis- =
onoc.of having elected a Free-soiler to ConresB,
and an Emancipationist (Wimek) to the
[ayoralty ; after all its grandilloquent rubbish j
hout "soundness on the Slavery question,"
nd " fidelity to the Institutions of the State "
-it has put forth a thorough Free-soil ticket
>r the next municipal election.
Mr. George R. Taylor, its candidate for a
tayor, fs an openly avowed Free-soiler, and, 81
ot long since, made a speech in the City Hall, 0
5 full of Free-so.ilism and EmAncipationism, ^
s to draw down upon his head the wrath of c
he Democratic organ, the Leader. One-half
he remaining names on the Republican'* p
cket, we believe, arc the names of Free-soilers g
Iso?a fact which is attributable to the active ?
art which Mr. Wm. Palm, the leading Aboli- n
ionist in Missouri, took in the nominating Con- g
ention.?St. Louis Erening Ktxes. a
, ti
The McDosoon Bkqitkst to Baltimore.? 8
layor Swawn has sent a message to the City fi
'oiincil stating that the amount to be received c
y the eity of Baltimore from the McDonogh e?- ?
ite, to be applied to educational purpose^ is B1
ii hundred thousand dollars, and part of this
urn is already in the hands of the commission- h
rs. Mayor Swats recommends that the money *
e used to establish an institution for the main- d
;nance and education of poor boys. The U
abject has been referred to a joint special ^
ommitte of the two branches of the City Conn- a
i' i
The Taoops roa Utah.?It is said that the T
egular troops in Kansas and on the Western
rnnticr will start for Utah l?etween the 20th of *
Lpril and the 10th of May, mustering in all
bout 2,000 effective men. Five regiments of j
olunteers, proposed by the bill now before the t|
lenate, will, it Is stated, be accepted and organ- t
tod whenever the bill is passed. No force less b
ban a complete regiment will be received from d
ny State, but offers arc already made, directly ?
r contingently, whicb cover the whole force a
uthorized. They will bo taken according to 0
be date of application. One regiment is special- ''
f appropriated for Texas. r
A dispatch from Fort Leavenworth, dated 26 th I
i slant, says the constitutional convention had ad- d
nirned from Minnesota, to meet at Leavenworth f<
n the 25th. General Lane resigned the presiden- h
y of the convention. It was supposed that the ti
invention would be short, and that the Topcka '
institution Wonld be adopted, with some modlflca- b
Ion. General I.ane pledged himself to resign be- tl
?re he was elected president of the convention. ''
he exterminists were hecomeing more moderate, a
Bix mountain men from Camp Scotlhave arrived e
t St. I/iiM. Thoy left January 26th, and encoun- e
red seaeral aeaere anoir aaorrna. They think the c
lormon* could eaaily oaeroomc ("olonai Johnaton'a b
Dmmand if they wiahed.
Mr. Datis.?The Philadelphia Press, in speak)g
of the Kansas debate on Tuesday says:
"Winter Daais, of Maryland, presented a moat
rmalneing, and, at the same time, original a lew of
lie whole oase, arguing with fearless and charae
nristie eloquence, against the iniquity of forcing
he Leoompton swindle upon the people of Kansas,
le made a decided stand upon the Crittenden
A Mouirati Mar.?John Mieholl thus defines
us position. If it is done in seriousuess, he is cerainly
a aery moderate man, with exceedingly ironoderat^
"I am a moderate mAn; and confine my aiew*
or the present to Dissolution of the Union?Reat sl
of the African trade?Americaniaation of Caha,
Central America, Mexico and the West India Ialinds?and
establishment of a potent Southern Coniederatlon,
based on Rlaaery ; that's all; as for the
tonquest of the Northern Slates, I would defer
bat; though, indeed, Mr. Spratt, of Charleston,
* hnm I acknowledge as my pastor and mastor [boea J
n American politics, has no donbt that siaacry will
iltimatcly preaail in those at pre went too-benighted
communities, Rnd saae them from anarchy, otherelse
coming upon them like an armed man."?
VoaAefWr Pmtri?t.
" What is that dog barking at ?" aRkcd a fop,
ahose boots were more polished than his ideas.
" Why," replied a bystander, because he
ices another puppy in your 1 ?oot?."
<?'j - fi )r. b .ij ?t?|, r.
1 ! '- >* ! " ' ' ,IfV 1- kiiQV'l ' t Uin 4.
*** ' ' ?<< " !? ;?>* *-*m .'t
! . .j.._
Kjkvival or thi Whio Party oa run Boasas.?The
Missouri Republican chronicles the
eUila of a meeting of the Old Whig Party?at
arkville, Mo. The resolutions adopted embrace
ie following; The organisation of a new party, to
e called the Union Party?an opposition to all
? mJ.1I k k^llil.af ii in D.iA.n.
juuuuai isouu aim mi auuiivivuisiu, ???????
m, or other fanaticism?support an economical
irstera of internal improvements, and oppose police]
proscription for opinion's sake.
Virginia Internal Improvements.?The Virinia
Legislature have appropriated $2,250,000
jr railroads during the present session, as fol>ws:
The Alexandria and Orange extension
as $400,000; the Manassas Gap, $260,000;
He Norfolk and Petersburg, $300,000 ; Alcxndria,
Loudoun, and Hampshire, $800,000;
he York River, $200,000; and the Covington
nd Ohio bill $800,000,
Withdrawal or the Troops prom Kansas.?
i accordance with an order fom the War Departlent,
the United States troops are leaving Kansas.
A Heroic Act.?Upon the occasion of taking
le vote on the appropriation bills in the Virinia
House of Delegates on Saturday last,
lere was not one to spare, and in order to seiirc
the constitutional number, a sick memer,
Mr. Allen, of Giles, had to be carried from
is bed, wrappek in blankets, and seated in
is chair. Notwithstanding the peril he enjuntered
by thus exposing himself in his feele
condition, ho continued in his seat until
arliamentary strategy had been exhausted,
sd all the bills passed. Then, in a state of
ttcr exhaustation, he was carried to the room
f the clerk where he lny for some time before
e could recover strength to be conveyed to
is carriage, and thenco again to the bed from
hich he had risen only in obedience to an enrged
patriotism which prompted him, at the
eminent hazard of life, to forget self and
link only of the interests of his State.
Culture of the Mangold Wurtzel.
bt henry f. french.
ralue of the Mangold?Fed to Cow* in the City
of Condon?Culture tn Lincolnthire, England?Culture
in Ireland?L'tter from Mr.
Boyle, Farmer at the Albert Model Farm.
In no single point did my opinions meet with
more decided change, in my wanderings last
immer in Europe, than with respect to the value
f the mangold wurtzel. My belief now is, that
e can cultivate no other root for stock so profitbly
as this, and I hope the readers of the Amerian
will give it a fair triil the coming season.
The results of careful inquiry in many places in
ingland and Ireland, and of observations in Bclium
and France, where the climate is hot and dry
i summer, may be given iu a few lines. The
isngold is more easily cultivated and yields a
reater weight than auy other. It is in general of
bout the value, bushel for bushel, with Swede
iiroipa, for all horned cattle. It is valuable for
heep, for horses, and for swine. Many English
irmers consider the mangold equal in value to
arrots, bushel for bushel, for cows. Swine, they
sy, will thrive well on them raw in the spring and
ummer, and there is nothing so profitable to raise
>r milch cows. All agree that they should not
e fed out until after Christinas. Many say they
re actually poisonous to cattle in the fall. They
vuuwtm unun m/iun iijtciiiu^ prugcp^, i11p witl*
tr apples, after they are taken from the ground,
r tone fermentation, which adapt* them to th?
rant* of animals.?Twenty-flvo or thirty ton* of
240 lbs. i* a common crop to tho acre in England,
think throe or four ton* of them can be rained
rith the *amn labor aa one ton of carrots. There
i nothing that will stand a drought like the manold.
They hare been known fr-qnently to strike
0 the bottom of a four feet drain, and so hare a
ood chance to find all the water that is going,
'he beet, of which the mangold is a huge variety,
hrives well in France, aa i* well known, and is eif-naively
cultivated for sugar. I observed through
oth France and Belgium that the beet endured
roaght better than Indian corn. In onr hot, dry
urn mere, it must be our surest root crop. I had
Iways supposed it easily produced, but not to be
f much value. My atlentiou was flrst called to it
1 London, a strange place to study the culture of
oot crop*.
In th* midst of the fashion at the West End in
xrndon, a sensitive and discriminating nose naay
elect the rural flavor of the oow house. I soon
rund a stable near my boarding-house of three
uodred and fifty cows. Visiting them often, I
Dok careful notes of the mode of keeping, the
tructure of the stables, quantity of milk and
reed of animals, which I will advert to when
here Is room In the paper. All I wish to say now,
i, that I never saw a better collection of cows,
n<i that then, fn the month of June, each cow revived
three pecks daily of mangold*. My Inferncc
is tbst if it is profitable to fred this root to
ows, in the city of London, the summer. It must
e profitable for former* in the country to use it.
Everywhere I hesrd the same opinion, and made
t a subject of conversation often, that I might not
listake the opinion of a fow for public sentiment,
n Juif. I passed a week with Ralph Lowe. Esq..
( Iirauncewell Manor, in Lincolnshire dnd fotuid
hat be and all the other good farmers of one ol
he beat farmed district* in England thought very
lighly of the mangold. So after dinner one day,
took my pen and note-book, and asked htm to give
lie carelul directions how to cultivate the crop in
lie country. Mr. Lowe ta as reliable aa any man ?r
England, and his mode in correct fbr hhi district,
>nd a little Yankee threwdnen may adapt it t?
kmcrica. I give the directions almost verbatim,
? I rewarded them that pleaeant summer evening,
n "Merrte England."
VTake dry land, well drained,?not clay,?that
rill work fine, aay after wheat Manure with
welve tons of good manure to the acre, at leant,
md the more the better. Plow it in nit inches,
ind leave it till nprtng; they when dry enoogh,
tarrow deep, roll and work fine with plow and
larrow. 8ow broadcast at leaet 560 lb*, of salt,
wice the quantity ia better. Throw into ridge*
wenty-aevon inches apart with a common plow
loak the need eighteen hoora in water, and lay m
i dry cloth twenty-four hours. Drill with a hand
Jrill three to six pounds of eecd to the acre. Ex
tminc and see if the seed ia sound or haa beei
aten by ui inaect. Drill 100 lbs. of snperpho*
nhatc with ashen, the more the better, with the seei
>h the ridge, the ridge having been first rollei
ittiT~ * Jriii *
, f*<iY trrm ^
f ;
JN O? 1?>.
lightly to flatten It. How one inch deep, by hand,
drop the aeed six Inches apart. Doe as soon as
up?thin out to one foot apart. Horse hoe and
keep clean. Look over aud be sure to have but
one plant in a place.
"In October or November gather without break' |9
pig the skin, cut or twist off the top an Inch above r
the root, remove the earth with a dull instrument.
bo as not to out tbe root. They are usually
stacked and covered with straw and earth in England,
but will probably (says Mr. Lowe,) keep like
potatoes anywhere. Average crop, 26 to 80 tons
of 2240 lbs. to the acre. Spread tbe leaves evenly
over the ground, and plow in. By no means
remove them from the land. Bo not feed out till
February, because tbe mangold Id poisonous early
i,n the season, and will scour the cattle and do
thera no good."
So much for Lincolnshire. Noarly two months
after this my wanderings led mc to DnbHn, In Ireland,
and to the Government Model Farm at Glasneven,
close by. I shall some day, perhaps, have
a long story to tell of this school and farm, but
now mangold is the word. I never saw better
crops in my life than on the model farm, and tbe
mangold I found in high favor there too. Dr.
Kirkpatrick, the Superintendent, was absent, but
Mr. Boyle, the farmer, a man of great intelligence,
showed me the farm. I was so much struck with
the mangolds, and had become so much impressed
with the importance of the crop to us at home,
that I requested Mr. Boyle to furnish me with an
account of its cultivation for publication in America.
Mindful of his partial promise, Mr. Boyle has
written me the following letter, which I know wil
interest our readers. The article referred to in it
has not yet been received, but will be in some form
given to the public when it comes.
We have here an opportunity to compare the
views of persons quite remote from each other,
and it is worthy of notice how well they are agreed,
especially as to the points that the mangold Is
very valuable, and that it must not be fed eariy In
the scasou.
Albkbt Model Farm, I
Olatntvin, Dublin 11th., 1868. J
Sir :?At your visit to this farm last autumn I
promised to forward you a report on the cultivation,
Ac., of the mangold wnrtzel; and On speaking
to Dr. Kirkpatrick (the Superintendent) on the
subject, he thought better to allow the advanced
pupils here to compete for prises, offered by him- 1
self, for the best essay on that crop, with the understanding
that it should be forwarded to you. |
This I agreee to, and I therefore, for the present,
forego the pleasure I should have derived from
sending you a paper of my own on the subject.
The essay is at press, and it shall be forwarded to
your address immediately after issue.
I hope it will reach you In time for the purpose
originally intended. A portion of the essay has
just appeared in the Chemico Agricultural /Society's
Journal, which you may expect along with
the essay in a complete form. Every succeeding
year wc are more convinced of the superiority of
mangold over Swedes for general purposes. The
only reason, perhaps, why this crop should not altogether
Uke the place of Swedes, on deep rich
land, is that it is not fit for use nntil it has been
stored for about two months. Hence turnips, or
some other crop, must be supplied for this period.
The crop of mangold which you saw growing here
in August, produced 81 tone, per statute acre, of
bulb*, and 12 tons of leaves. Swedes 10 tons per
acre ; wheat 20 to 26 cwt; oats 80 cwt; potatoes
8 tons. Our potatoes are keeping well in store,
and the crop pays us better than any other we
Returning to the mangold; it requires to be .
largely manured,the land on which it is to be grown
d'rnlu tilled. On no account should the vnnne
plant he bird by any of the Implements in the after
culture. Should be securely atored prevous to the
setting in of frrnt; the forty varieties are more
susceptible of Injury than the qlobe varieties?the
former should be first uaed. if atored In cellar*,
It must be well ventilated, otherwise die heap will
heat and decay. Bven over ground, in large piles,
the crop will require ventilation. It occurs to ma
that it will take great care and good management
to keep the mangold aecure from the frnet of an
American winter, and at the aamo time to provide
proper ventilation.
In taking off the leaves at the dm* nf storing,
care should be taken that the crown of the phuit
la not cut into. Rome persona advocate the breaking
off the leaves by the hand. I prefer cutting
them off carefully. The bulb# will keep all the
better In store by allowing some of the earth to
remain on them when taking them oat of the land.
As to feeding qualities, the anangoM will produce
more milk than tha same weight of Swede#, and
the milk from both will produce as nearly as possible
the same per oentage of cream; but the batter
produced from the former will be polar in color
than from the latter. Swedes, however, give an
unpleasant taste te milk, which may be obviated
by the nae of a little nitre in the milk whan freak
Rome of these points may not be touched upon
In the essay, hence I have taken the liberty af saying
a little on the subject here. I shall he happy
at any time to give you my views am any farming
subject yon may select.
I have to thank you for the PMeot Office Report,
the value of which is inbancsd by your own article.
I have a great many near relatives In the
United States, most of whom are engaged in form
ing pursuits?some In Obia and others in Wisconsin,
Ac ?and I have an opportunity of knowing a
good deal about the country, and I am always glad
to see the offieinl report*.
I have the honor lobe, ale, your oht. aervt.
William Botls.
If wc consider the above statement, as to all the
craps named, we shall &Dd them very heavy. The
ton should be reckoned 2240 lbs., and the cwt. 112
lb* The whoeS crop, then, wes 40 to 60 bushels
to the ecrr, reckoning fid 11*. to the buehel; the
oats lit bushels to the acre, reckoning 80 lbs. to
the bushel. The potatoes 820 bushels of 6fi lbs.
When shell we have Model Farms in our oouatry
f?-Jlfete RnpUnd Fnrmrr.
rn lursr x*tsa fari.t mtatoiw.
Covor the bottom of several shallow boxes
with nix inehos of equal part* stable miuinw
, and loam, and put an early variety of potatoea
, over the surface two or three inches apart; then
cover them with six inohee of the ooanpoet
| Vail slate or any open rover upon the top. and
bury in the side of a fermenting manure heap,
the warmth of which will noon start the pouters
into growth. If tho Kent ahonM he too ^
groatj remove a portfcm of the msnnre from
the top, and admit air inside the hox. When I
tho weather will allow planting out, remove
the boxes, which will contain a mass of roots
and whitish colored stalks. Leave them in tho
open air for a few days to harden off, and
baring watered thorn ropionaly, take out the
potatoes with as much earth as possible metis
turbed about the roots already formed, and
' transplant in roes. You will than have potatoes
at least two or throe week* earlier than
, when planted at first in the open ground. The
h middle or latter part of March will be a proper
1 I season lor putting them in tho oompoat heap
j ' In this latitude?vimetVeon Agrim1tmrali?t.
h>' " / i

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