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The Madisonian. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1837-1845, March 20, 1841, Image 1

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M A I) 1 s (> N I A N .
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at Venezuela.
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Lieut. W. K Hanson, to be a Captain by bre\
William A. Spencer, to be a Captain in the
Abraham Biqi'.low, to be a Commander in the
I,- William L. Maury, to be a Lieutenant in the
It was our opinion, while Mr. Van Buren was
in power that, office was a duty, not a privilege.
Such was intended to be the nature of office in
this Republic. Our opinion is unchanged. In
monarchical governments, where power isheredi
tary, and permanently piacea in tne nanas 01 a
few, posts of houor are generally posts of pecuniary
profit, and the occupancy of such places
becomes a matter of general ambition. In
popular governments, based on the democratic
principle of equal rights and equal justice, places
of great power, or of great emolument must ne.
ceasarily be limited, ^and the whole plan by
which the government is conducted is intended
to correspond as nearly as practicable with that
equality of condition which it is the business of
j our forms and laws to secure. When, therefore,
a period arrives which brings with it a general
press for office from every class in the community,
it is natural to suspect that something must
be wrong. For such a state of things was never
anticipated, nor ever ought it to be allowed to
enter into the intentions of the founder? of a
popular government.
In the early days of the Republic, Gen.
Washington, and some of his compatriots, discharged
the duties of public office, which were
thrust upon them, not sought, without charge#
They felt, while they served their country, that,
just in proportion to the general prosperity and
happiness they were instrumental in producing,
they secured that of themselves and families.?
They served at once their country and themselves,
and found their reward in their consciences
and homes, and in the happiness of
their fellow-citizens.
ic *Ko nrimarv r\Kin/>t mo oil ko-.ro
iiapplUCBO to HIV |f? .? ?%*. J wmjvv. n v ail imTC
in view. Government is a means of obtaining
it. It is a necessary rule of action. It is not
the exclusive business of a people. It is not the
rod which swallows up all other avenues to happiness.
It is a rule set up by the people, who
select a few agents from among their number to
direct it, while the mass pursue in safety their
more profitable avocations. If all the people
were to be officers, then, in truth, the Rev. John
Cotton would have some ground for his enigma:
"If the people be governors, who shall be the
governed?" But although the people control,
yet it is necessary for them to delegate their
authority, and the number of ministers they select
to execute their trusts must be limited. As
it is a post of honor to hold such a trust, it would
have been well if they had not superadded more
I l
VOL. IV NO. 12]
profit to the honor than could be obtained by the
exercise of similar abilities in private employ- t<
rnents. When the question of salaries to fede- pi
ral officers first came up in the Convention that ti
formed the Constitution, Benjamin Franklin, vi
foresaw and foretold the strife, the rivalry, and oi
the dissensions that would ultimately ensue, if 01
the posts of honor were at the same time made w
posts of profit. Experience has proven the truth th
of the prophecy. Limited as is the number of h<
appointments, the number of aspirants has become
unlimited, and is constantly increasing, m
The universal and inordinate desire for place n<
iL- 1- n
cxniimi u iu (in- ran as 01 every party, witnout m
distinction, has become a great social evil, call- ra
ing loudly for correction. We need not say thpt iu
it destroys the spirit of independence; that it ce
diffuses a venal and servile humor; that it stifles A
the manlier virtues; that it wastes time and ar
spends money for naught; that it gives rise to ta
secret intrigues and various arts of corruption; as
that it "creates an unproductive activity, which th
agitates the country without adding to its re- mi
sources." Multitudes know these things are ar
obvious. ha
If commerce and industry are checked in their mi
growth, and all the ordinary means of making th'
a fortune are closed up?if the different lines of
business are few and ill-paid?and if public em- Hi
ployments are numerous, lucrative and perma- as
nent, we may see the causes of the evils, and ho
the remedy readily suggests itself. Let commerce
and industry be revived?let enterprise
again enter the lines of business, and let public 8lj
employments be reduced in numbers and in pay, th,
and let every body know how precarious is the cb
breath of party favor, and we are quite sure that 0f
various members of the community, who, des- 0f
pairing of their condition, rush to the head of Qf
Government for assistance, will see that their (>(
enduring welfare lies afar from a government en
1 office. Let young men possessed of character rar
and ambition, be taught that the task of a copy- be
ist, or of a book-keeper, which constitute the a c
principal employments of public clerks, is no fit Ve:
place to immure their youthful energies. In Coi
nine cases out of ten, perhaps, he will never th<
after be heard of beyond the walls of his office, (je
and the record of his life will be but a folio of T1
figures. How much sweeter is the air of freedom?how
much more savory is the bread of Qt
independence?how much dearer that fame SOi
which is wrought out by our own honest unas- thi
sisted efforts. voj
It was but a short time since we heard that an aC"
advertisement of a "Blacksmith's apprentice ^
wanted," was unheeded, while the place for a
clerk, advertised at the same time, was applied
for by more than twenty. What does this p^
prove ? An aristocratic spirit?a contempt of ^
labor?that clerks are more highly estimated
than mechanics?a love of eaae and luxury?a ^
desire to get bread without the sweat of the brow, ^
contrary to the divine intention?a namby pamby
education?a false pretension of superiority
A A n.tltnlU.
uvci me mass unu a kivvvui^ uvouiuuuu wi
sympathy for democratic institutions. But is a
clerk or an office-holder more respectable than an
an honest manly blacksmith ? Not he. Is not t0
the carpenter, the printer, the painter, the manu- ^01
facturer, the farmer, just as respectable as an en
office-holder ? And is the merchant, the law- ^
yer, the banker, the editor, lrom the nature of
his calling merely, entitled to any more respect
than any other member of any other profession 1
No. It is not the profession which distinguish- th<
es the man?it is the heart, the deportment, the us
daily life, the character, the wisdom, which de- gr
termines a man's rank in the estimation of the in
sensible portion of the world sig
Honor and shame from no condition rise;
Act well your part?there all the honor lies. op
The spirit to which we have above alluded is (^r
the result of false principles, false education, and
exhibits itself in place-hunting, so extensively
as to demand correction. If the evil can be m<
corrected by any aid of the Government, we
have no doubt, it will be accomplished. stl
The following extract from De Tocqueville on
may not be inappropriate at this time: m1
" When public employments afford the only outlet ot'
for ambition, the Government necessarily meets with po
a permanent opposition at last; for it is tasked to satisfy jn
with limited means, unlimited desires. It is very certain
that of all people in the world the most difficult to a*
restrain un<i to manage ore a peoplo of solicitants.? ce
W hatever endeavors are made by rulers, such a people t.
can never be contented; and it is always to be apprehended
that they will ultimately overturn the consti- atl
tution of the country, and change the aspect of the 0f
state, for the sole purpose of making a clearance of
The rulers of the present age who strive to fix upon thi
themselves alone all those novel desires which are j
aroused by equality, and to satisfy them, will repent in \
the end, if 1 am not mistaken, that they ever em- tiv
barked in this policy: they will one day discover that an
they have hazarded their own power, by making it so
necessary; and that the more safe and honest course co
would have been to teach their fellow-citizens the art gr
of providing for themseves."
We proceed to redeem our promise of a more an
particular notice of General Harrison's lnaugural
The exordium.
This is a simple and dignified salutation to
the people, recognizing the two objects of the tb,
occasion, first, to take the oath of office, and de
next, to avow his principles according to cus- tei
torn. be
Promise and Performance. its
It was impossible that these two ideas should be
be suggested by the President elect on such an ph
occasion, in view of the past, without inviting
attention, first, to the imputations of his own refusal
to avow his principles, and next, to the cr,
manner in which the principles avowed by his on
L J L . _ r.icu.J TL- u i
pieu?cessor9 naa Deen iuinneu. i ue uwiurrew se
allusion to the remark of the virtuous Roman is tj,
as just as it is severe; nor would the application 0f
which every mind must at once make justify m
the charge of discourtesy. It involves a principie
of too great importance to be overlooked on cc
such an occasion. The pinching of the shoe 8e
was no reason why it should not be tried on. m
3! MAD
" I I ' ???? I
"It nay be thought that a motive may exist t
) keep jp the delusion under which they (the ii
eople) may be supposed to hare acted in rela- ti
on to my principles and opinions." This is a r
ery delcate and cutting sarcasm. It is a sword J
more than two edges, and in more hands than b
ie. Erery friend of the man who uttered it tl
ould be ready to exclaim, ''Deluded?" and M
irow back the imputation with scorn on the e.
?ads of its authors. d
" The outline of principles to govern, and of~ tl
easures to be adopted, by an Administration s]
)t yet begun, will soon be exchanged for im- <u
utable history, and 1 shall stand, either exone- <1
ted to my countrymen, or classed with the a
ass of those who promised that they might de s
ive, and flattered with the intention to betray." t<
bold position this, which none but those who
e ''armed strong with honesty" would dare to tl
ke, and a defiance, the front of which will be b
sailed if it can be. "Exonerated !" He had 01
en been accused. Who are they that " pro- u
ise to deceive, and flatter to betray ?" They p
e to be found in the history of a country that ir
s fallen prostrate by their misrule. The gar- fc
ents cut out by this skilful hand will be put on ra
ose whom they fit. in
Those who were willing to know General V
arrison's principles, knew them as >vell before tr
now, nor will any one say, desiring credit for ol
nesty, that this document is unintelligible. th
The sovereignty of the People. h'
"The broad foundation upon which our Con- st
tution rests being the people?a breath of ?
sirs having made, as a breath can unmake, 81
ange,or modify it?it can be assigned to none P'
the great divisions of Government, but to that 80
Democracy." Here is a distinct recognition
the fundamental principle of the American ^r
>vernment and its institutions, on which the
tire edifice reposes. Here is also a recognition ^
ely made, and none more true or important to ?*
observed, that the Demcracy, the people, are 8"
omponent power, and a "great division of Go- P'1
rnraent." They are indeed the chief, the allntrolling
division of the actual government of 8^
; country. It is not theory only, but fact, unr
the legitimate operation of our institutions. co
le people take their part in Government. at
rery branch of authority, and every agency of
ivernment control, is referable to this primal an
jrce, and dependent upon it. How different a^
s from the opinions which were getting into SP
srue durine the late dvnastv. and which had
:ually gained such an ascendancy that, in- an
ad of looking doxon to the people, it was all tu
iking up to the President. The people were ba
t recognised as a " great division of Govern- nc
:nt." In the single sentence above quoted,
esident Harrison has brought out the ortho- ^
x doctrine, standing in strong contrast to the ce
ictice of two of his immediate predecessors, ^
d restoring the principle to its rightl'nl posi- T
in. " The only legitimate right to govern is hi
express grant of power from the governed." ki
The Powers of Federal Legislation.
The remarks upon this point are historical
d expository, and go to show that opinion as ^
the extent of these powers has not been unirra.
From the fact, that many of our most Cl
linent statesmen have been on both sides of S1
e disputed questions, it is suggested that the ^
fficultiesare intrinsic.
"The great danger.''''
"The great danger to our institutions," says Q|
e President, ''does not appear to me to be in a rf
urpation by the Government of power not ^
anted by the people, but by the accumulation
one of the departments of that which was asjned
to others. * * * * I sincerely believe
it the tendency of measures, and of men's |
ininns. for ftnmp uears vast has heen in that
rectiou. ' - ?|
On account of the high source and authority ^
this document, the last of these two state-' aj
ents, as to matters of fact, is a very grave one ^
evertheless, every observer knows it to be ^
ictly true. That rapid and amazing absorpm
of power in the Executive, by encroaching at
the other branches of the Government, accu- ^
ulating strength in one at the expense of the ^
her two, without apparently infringing on
pular rights, but assiduously endeavoring to
voke popular feeling in favor of this change,
last opened the eyes of the people by the 01
lerity of the movement, and awakened alarm. ar
was too obvious not to be seen, when public ln
tention was challenged. The independence
the Judiciary was less shaken of the two, e'
cause the connexion was less intimate, though nc
at did not escape invasion. But the appro- f"
iate constitutional prerogatives of the legisla- ct
e branch had been gradually encroached upon
d diminished, till the Executive began to be ^
nsidered as the source of legislation in all
eat political measures. It began to be the
bit of Congress to look to the President to lay
t their work for them, as much as apprentices
)k to their masters. W.herein originated the
nihila ion of the National Bank, the deposite ca
stem, and the substitution of the Sub-treary?
Whence all the measures which have
mged the country in misfortune 1
Grateful will the country be for that word o w
... w
e Inaugural, "I take this occasion to repeat
e assurances I have heretofore given, of my
termination to arrest the progress of that
idency, if it really exists," (and he says, "I Je<
lieved it,) "and to restore the Government to 8e
pristine health and vigor, as far as this can J1"
effected by any legitimate exercise of power ^
iced in my hands."
One Presidential Term. of
M. De Tocqceville, who has acquired the w
edit, in this country, as well as in Europe, of tii
ie of the most sagacious and most accurate ob- th
rvers of American society, says, in view of *r
e operation of the principle of the re-eligibility
iKn I 'Kiof nrtintrotn r\f # K i c? annntrv tKof 11 }/ P'
iiiv vy 11 ivi ivia^ioiiuiv ui ill13 vuuiiii jy i?"?? *
ust prove fatal in the entl.,} The principle is n'
is: A President that is a candidate for a sem
>nd term, thinks of himself and works for himlf,
and not for the public. So long as man is S<
an, it will be so. We are delighted, therefore, tn
'hi iifia \nitm iihtiiimij iimui'tir i _ ''"t
lY EVENING, MARCH 20, 1841.
o observe that President Harrison has availed
limself of the occasion of hislnaugural Address,
o reiterate his opinion upon this subject, and to
enew his pledge for one term. Not like Gen.
ackson, who had expressed the same opinion
efore his first election, does he draw back, now
lat he has come to power; but he holds up the
taming to the nation, and himself sets the first
sample of abstinence from the cup of ambition
lat is put into his hands. ''Republics," says
^President, in reference to this defect of our
pstem, ^can commit no greater error than to
iopt or continue any feature in their systems
F government which may be calculated to
reate or increase the love of power in the holms
of those to whom necessity obliges tilem
commit the management of their affairs."
We have now before us a new precedent in
is particular, and as we fervently hope, the
fginning of an era; and if the republic goes
t to prosper?the chances of which are greatly
multiplied, secured, we trust, if this example
retails?General Harrison will be pronounced
1 listory as great a benefactor to his country
irthe establishment of this principle, as Geneil
Washington for his aid in establishing our
id'pendence. It required the virtue of a
ITishington to resign his sword when his couny
was freed, while he, himself, was the idol
tie nation. Harrison, coming into power on
ie|greatest tide of popularity known in our
st>ry in a contested election, nobly takes his
aid on the platform of one Presidential term,
in e Washington declined a third term, no
icdessor has dared to aspire to it. The exame
fas paramount to constitutional law. Jackn.indeed,
thought of it?or his friends thought
itfor him, if they could have succeeded in
inking on a French war. But as the one was
istied, there was no apology for the other.?
f e trust the example of Gen. Harrison, in sight
tlf error thus jrebuked, will command a conierltion
which no successor will dare to trame
uider foot.
It a scarcely possible, that General Harrison 1
oufl now have any motive but to do every
ing tin his power to promote the good of *the
untw. All his renown, as Chief Magistrate,
home and abroad, is identified with this single
ject-*-and that, surely, is an object worthy of
ly m|n's ambition. His own personal fame, (
i the Motives which address themselves to the ,
rings of human action, are merged in public
>od. That is the very perfection of the frame i
id operation ot human society, that the strucre
shoijd he such, as to bar the influence of
d passions in rulers, and call into action the
bier qualities of our nature.
We aspribe to the man who now stands at
e head of this nation the sagacity to have dis:rned
the importance of establishing this prece;nt,
and the natriotism to have led the way.?
i?t well known excellence of his character, the
istory of his public services, the beneficent
indness, manly thought, statesman-like views,
ad patriotic sentiments which characterize the
laugural, are concurrent facts in nroof of such*
erceptions and purposes.
We have seen in the recent history of our
suntry?a sad and gloomy record?what a Predent
expecting future elevation, will do for himilf,
to establish his own ascendancy and power.
Ve are now to witness the effect of cutting ofT
f these baser motives of human action, and the
lbstitution of the country's welfare as the grand
bject of pursuit. No one can specify any other
^asonable consideration as likely to come within
le purview of General Harrison's policy.
The reception of the Inaugural.
We are happy to observe the uniform echo of
^probation among the fair and candid, presiding
rer the press, which comes back from all parts
* the country, in respect to the principles and
laracter of the Inaugural. It seems to strike
ie public as a document which stands out from
I of its class of modern date, and peers above
lemasa thing pre-eminent, commanding attenon,
and inciting hope. It is a solid platform, on
hich may be erected a system of legislation
id government, that will redeem the country
om its misfortunes, and put it forward in a new,
.:-u* ? J r
igui, unu viguiuus career 01 prosperity.
Mr. Van Buren, we understand, left the city
l Saturday last for the north. In a letter, in
tswer to resolutions from Missouri published
the Globe of Saturday even in.-, he intimates
at he will not decline to be a candidate for reection,
if his friends wish it. He would "be
)t merely as well, but better, satisfied at seeing"
x great object accomplished under the auspis
of some other name to be found in the ranks
' ''the Democracy." But he would say like
" Sage, grave men,?
Since you will buckle fortune on ray back,
To bear her burden, whe'r I will or no,
I must have patience to endure the load."
He thinks, however, ''it will be time enough
reafter for the Democracy to designate its
indidate." But he exhorts his friends to preire
for the next presidential contest. ^Cj'To
ir knowledge the din of preparation is already
ginning, and Loco-focos now in office, and
ho will try to be retained, are engaging in the
The personal controversy which has been the subct
of conversation for some days past, as having arin
between these two distinguished Senators, we are
ippy to announce was yesterday most amicably and
inorably arranged in the presence of the Senate,
hose who reverence the injunctions of the Deity, reird
the harmony of public delilterations, the welfare
the two Senators, and the dignity of the Senate
ill rejoice at this termination of the affair. Thesennents
which fell from Mr. Preston, and from both
e Senators mentioned, were worthy of high minded
id honorable Senators, and we do not wonder that
e audience were incapable of suppressing the exession
of their approbation of the manly and maginimous
conduct of Mr. Clay, and their pleasure to
e the two Senators again shake hands in a friendly
anner. < (
The substance of the remarks made by the two
enators on Friday, together with the explanations
isde yesterday will be found among our reports.
[AN. I
[WHOLE NA 1^5.
Official Custom House returns shoi that the
average annual amount of Cotton exputed from
New Orleans la Trieste from the yean 1830 to
1839, inclusive, was 1,561,014 lbs. 1
But for the year 1840, the exports ol Cotton
from New Orleans to the same city amounted to
7,422,934 lbs.
This remarkable increase in the dire t trade
between New Orleans and the Adriatic, is evidently
the consequence of the favorable shange
recently effected in the quarantine regula ions in
Austrian ports, in regard to arrivals fro a this
The Columbus (Ohio) State Journal intimates that
a copy of the Inaugural Address, printed at thiy office, i
for the Bultimore Sun, "found its way into the mail t
bags which loft Washington some six or twelve hours <
before the address was delivered." The copy appears
to have been received by the Statesman, a Lord Foco (
paper, and the Journal asks us tof'lhrow some light
upon the mystery." The copies printed for the Baltimore
Sun, and several other paplrs, left this city by
the Klnroai urKi/.K -1 ? ? *L- 4*L
r- w r?v?ivv v? ??, WIlCIVblUVB. I/IJ VUC i III
for Baltimore. Thoee which wer?t sent west from this
city did not leave until the next tn$l. It ia impossible
that a single copy could have lefljbefore the express.
The Baltimore Sun Extra must hope gone in advance
ofthe regular Washington papery westward 12 to 18
hours, but not a solitary copy left iliis city, from this
office, until after the address was delivered. A copy
could not even have been stolen |br that purpose or
any other.
New Hampshire. This State i^ still wedded to her
idols. The Loco focos, succeeded on Tuesday last
in electing their Governor and Representatives by
about the usual majority. The aggregate vote is less.
Connecticut. The late highly respected delegation
in Congress from this State have been all re-nominated
for re-election. The election takes place in
Our friends have brought out their candidates, but
with some few divisions, in Kentucky, Alabama, Indiana,
Virginia, &c.
Virginia. Mr. Speaker Hunter, in Virginia, has
withdrawn from the canvass, but declared himself favorable
to the administration. Mr. J. Hill, is opposed
by Col. Hubbard,who is electioneering on the" cornering
" system. The Inaugural is well received in John
Randolph's old District. From present appearances
there will be no opposition to Mr. James Garland in i
the Albemarle District. ]
Gov. Davis and Lt. Gov. Hull have been unanimously
nominated for re-election in Maatachusetta.
Our Senator, Mr. Cuthbert, who has only
shown himself in hi3 place in the Senate at the
heel of the session, and who has not, so far as
we have been informed, even attempted to ac- (
count or to apologize for this glaring default of
his duty, has at least signalized his arrival by a
very ridiculous carTwrr
that gentleman had left his seat, and resigned I (
his place in that body. Mr. Cuthbert seems to
have studied to make his fanfaronade a ridiculous
affair; for he put the whole of it, by way of
interrogatory! Interrogations to an absent man!
who could not hear them, and who, if he did
hear them, could not respond, because his right
to answer in the Senate had ceased, by his pre
vious act of resignation! This act of attacking
a man behind his back, is not suited to the taste
of Georoia. as Mr. Onthhprt oucht to have
known; and after the public and solemn declarations
of Webster in Virginia, as well as in
Massachusetts, on the subject to which Mr.
Cuthbert referred in his interrogatories, he must
have felt them to have been as superfluous and
unnecessary, as they were inappropriate and
ungenerous. But we would not treat the matter
with an unnecessary seriousness; such ebullitions
are not of a kind to make much impression
on the sober good sense of the people of
Georgia. The North American of Philadelphia,
in the following article, treats the matter in a
manner much more appropriate: .
"It is said the seven sleepers, when they awoke,
began taking up matters just where they left them
when they dropped asleep. Mr. Cuthbert, it is true,
has not slept quite as long, but one would suppose he
had slept quite as soundly. He appears to have had
no knowledge of the election of Gen. Harrison, much
less of the appointment of Mr. Webster as Secretary
of State, and is taken all aback by his resignation. He
wishes to propound some questions to him about
something that he said some forty years since, in Boston.
Go to sleep again, Mr. Cuthbert, and when you
awake next time, may it be in better humor, and may
be the world in the mean time will have vastly improved."?MilledgevUle
(Go.) Recorder.
From the Providence (/?. /.) Journal.
The Inaugural address of Gen. Harrison has
given decided satisfaction, and challenges even
the approbation of his opponents. Mild, moderate
and conciliatory, yet firm and decided, it is
precisely the document suited to the present state
of the country, and calculated to restore a true
American feeling, in place of the agitated and exasperated
state of parties, which for the past
year has unhappily, but perhaps necessarily, existed.
The views of the President upon the
powers and restrictions ot tne ijjxecuiivej and particularly
upon the exercise of the veto, will gratify
every friend of the liberties of the peopleand the
independence of Congress. His declaration of a
determination to keep the patronage of the Governmenft
separate from all interference with or influence
over the freedom of elections, is what
was expected from the character of the man. The
first step in* this reform, we presume, will be the
removal of the men who have been guilty of such
interference and influence.
His views of the peculiar relation of the general
to the state governments, of the 1 elation between
the executive and the departments, and between
the Executive and Congress, are the true
doctrines of republicanism, the doctrines which
were held by the men who framed the Constitution,
and those who first administered the government
under it.
The part of the address which relates to the
credit of the States and to the embarrassments
under which some of them are laboring, is just
and proper. The remarks upon the currency,
upon the folly of confining it purely to the precious
metals, and upon the vaunted divorce of
the treasury from the bahks, are equally acceptable?
The general scope of the Address may
safely challenge the severest scrutiny of our op
pononts, and will inspire the friends of General
Harrison's administration with increased confidence
in the man whom they have selected for
so exalted a station. After twelve years of misrule
and of continual encroachment by the Executive
upon the other branches of the Government,
it is cheering to hear such principles avowed
by the head of the nation.
In this city, Saturday morning last, Newton, only
son of George C. and Elizabeth Bingham, of Missouri,
aged about four years.
NrtD Yortt Correspond rote.
New York, March 13, 1841. I
The navigation of the Hudson will probably 1
re open within three days. Yesterday aiternoon I
we had a wet snow-storm, with a little rain si 1
the close, and a furious gale toward morning. 1
The wind blew strong from the South till ^ 1
o'clock, which was very favorable to the break- |
ingup of the firm ice .still remaining. This 1
morning the steamboat Ulica, Capt. Schultz, lelt |
our city fully determined to force her way through j
to Albany if possible. It is an even chance that j
she gets through to-morrow. Among her pas- 1
sengers were Gov. Seward, Messrs. Fillmore, , J
Marvin, and Morgan of Congress, and Mr. 1
Lord, President of the New York and Erie 1
Railroad Company. So severe was the gale 1
that I presume the Eastern boats did not venture 1
out from either Stonington or Norwich last 1
night; so we have no mail from Boston. 1
The Whigs of Connecticut have re-nomina- I
ted all their present Members of Congress in I
the several Districts. So emphatic an expression
of approbation is seldom afforded, but in this
case it was richly deserved.
The Loco-Foco majority in New Hampshihb
is about as usual. The vote is much lower than
that of last fall. The Whigs made no earnest
The panic in relation to Redback Money, or
the notes of our General Local Banks, has not
yet subsided. The great mass of those not specially
discredited, if located North and West of
Albany, are either bought by the Brokers at 3 a
5 per cent discount, or refused altogether. The
following are considered decidedly under the
weather, viz; Binghampion, Farmers', Seneca
Co.; Millers' Clyde ; Farmers and Mechanic's,
Batavia; Manhatten Exchange; North American
; North : U. S. Trading and Banking ; and
tenth Ward, New York; Staten island, Port
Richmond; Union, Buffalo; and Western New I j
York, Rochester. All these are sold at 30 to 50
per cent discount except tenth Ward, which i9
held at 10 per cent. As many as twenty others
are not bought by the Brokers, but no failure or
misconductis alleged against them. The Woolgrowers
of this City and Willoughby of Brooklyn
have been discontinued, but their notes are
redeemed at par.
Some damage was done to the shipping in our
port by the gale last night, but nothing serious.
It is reported, however, that a large ship is ashore
on Sandy Hook. We shall hear of further disasters.
Money is still tight, but Exchanges are decidedly
improving. On Boston, par; Philadelphia,
3 1-2 a 3-4; Baltimore 3 1-2; Richmond 5;
Charleston 2 1-2; Savannah 4 a 1-2 ; Augusta
14 a 15; Mobile 10 1-2 a 11; New Orleans 7 1-2
a 8; Nashville 15; Louisville and Cincinnati 9. $ i
Bills on England, 7 a 7 1-2.
Stocks are higher to day. U. S. Bank 17.
The Revenue collected at our Port in 1839
imounted to 813,964,031: in 1840 to but 87,- m
>57,441. A brilliant prospect ahead !
The Markets are without change, but there is
i better feeling, and a strong, steady demand for
:otton to go abroad.
Y ours, Harold. ^
rrcuja mwri rrranr, K*q.,Z( Cincinnati, btl mprssa \
a new work entitled " Liie of Tecumaeh, and of bis ( " / 1
brother the Prophet, with a historical sketch of the /
Shawanoe tribe of Indians." It will form a volume of J
300 pages, and we may expect to see it in April. Mr . /
Drake is favorably known in the literature of the
As will be seen by the proceedings of the
State Convention, the Hon. JOHN BANKS, of
Reading, has been UNANIMOUSLY nominated
as the Democratic Candidate for Governor
at the approaching contest. And we have,
therefore, placed his name at the head of our
paper. This is, indeed, a most auspicious consummation
of the labors of the Convention.?
The simultaneous expression of public opinion
in favor of this distinguished individual?a man
whose name six months ago was not spoken of
for this high and honorable office?witnout the
slightest concert of action, without any effort, is
one of the most flattering testimonials of merit
that we have ever witnessed. Never was there \
a candidate for that office before, who had held
no other than a local office, who had nothing to
commend him to the people but his own private
worth and splendid talents, and who was unsupported
by any power or patronage, that could
unite upon himself at the Jirst ballot, one hundheo
and twenty-eight out of one hundred
and thirty-three delegates. It is a compliment
that was never before paid to one man in this
State, and it must be as gratifying to himself as
it is to his numerous friends. Well may Judge
Hanks now be called the people's candidate.?
The peovle took him up, the people nominated
him, ana thepeople will elect him. Mark this
prediction.?Harriaburg Chronicle. '
The Fortification Bill recently passed by Congress
makes the following appropriations, which, it is obvious,
contemplate the continuance of profound peace .
For repairs of Fort Independence and sea-wall Castle
Island, $35,000.
For Fort Warren, $45,000.
For Fort Adams, $35,000.
For foitifications at New London harbor, $15,000.
For Fort Schuyler, $30,000.
For permanent wharves for Fort Columbus, Castle
Williams, and South Battery, Governor's Islnd ,
For repairs on Fort Gibson, New York harbor,
For repairs of Fort Washington, $15,000.
For Fort Monroe, $35,000.
For Fort Calhoun, $10,000.
For repairs of Fort Macon, $15,000.
For repairs of sea-wall of Castle Williams, and
other parts of Governor's Island, $10,000.
For Fort Sumter, $60,000.
For repairs of Castle Pinckney, $2,000.
For Fort Pulaski, $15,000.
For Fort Pickens, $10,000.
For Fort Barancas, $30,000.
For Fort Livingston, $30,000.
For contingencies of fortifications, $5,000.
For incidental expenses attending repairs of fortifications,
For repairs of sea-wall on Deer Island, Boston harbor,
For repairs of sea-wall on Rainsford Island, Boston
Harbor, $1,000.
For continuing sea-wall at St. Augustine, $15,000.
Mr. Penrose was yesterday called for by the
multitude, and presented himself, but intimated
that as he was now an officer under the General
Government, he held it to be improper for him or
nnir rtlh^r ort?ntlomQn In *ntAvf<*?.A ?*% .v.
auj v%>*w? HMViHwu fcv luvcuric iu any Uldiiurr
more than to give his vote. This is proper and
is the doctrine preached by our party when out of
power,?we are glad to see it practised when in.?
//<>rrishurif Chronicle. i i
VY A new edition very mnch enlarged and improved,
with much additional matter connected with
the auhject of Poetry and Rhyme. A few copica jua?
importe<l from Eondon, for aale by F. TAYLOR,
fob 18
"*7 j

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