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The Madisonian. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1837-1845, May 22, 1841, Image 1

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Kdlfor and Proprietor.
1 < "'jlAGENTS.
Lpwis II. Dobklbowbb, 34 Catharine street. PhiijP"
J. it. Wsldim, Pittsburg, Pa.
C. W. Jambs, Cincinnati, Ohio.
JJmWiT S. Mbeks, 4o4 Bowery, New York.
' OftoeuB W. Bull, Buffalo, N. York.
: 1 1 Itcoa R. How, Auburn, New York.
By i an Stiybnb, New Haven, Ct.
" rR?- Fcctbr, Boston, Mass,
p I V ^ homa H. Wilby, Cabawba, Alabama.
[ . Wmton F. Birch, Fayette, Missouri.
[' Russell, Harper's Ferry, Va.
" 'mmjia Snow, Detroit, Michigan.
' f Fowxaa A Woodward, St. Louis, Mo.
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Having done a little at this in our last, we have
(hpught it worth while to notice Mr. Bell's speech
J hp itself, as it is one of peculiar simplicity, per
spicuity, comprehensiveness, and we think fair
- ness. For these reasons we have judged it of
sufficient importance to call attention to it sepa
rately, rather than to mix it up with otherexhib
its of the same class. Of course we cannot
quote from it at length, as it occupies nine and
a half close columns in the National Intelligen
cer. Our object is to present a condensed corn
prehensive view of the more forcible points.
Mr. Bell's aim was to show, not only what
was necessary to be done, in existing circum
stances, in reference to ways and means for
1841, but also for 1842, and that Congress was
H. at that moment called upon to act with that view,
in order to supersede the necessity of an extra
H session. This, we think, will be found to be a
defensible and statesmanlike position. In the
1 present state of the country and of the finances,
it would certainly be very un-statesmanlike to
I overlook the fact, that some five millions'of re
venue are destined to be subtracted from '41 and
I '42 by the limitations of the Tariff of '32. Where
is the substitute ? In the present poverty of the
I Government, can the substitute be dispensed
I with?
I It is a remarkable fact, that the advent of the
I present administration makes the second in our
I history, after the lapse of forty years, when the
I Government coming in has been obliged to deI
pend on the financial provisions of political opI
ponents. The exasperation of defeat in the
I present instance seems to have stirred up a tem
per among the leaders of the late dominant par
I ty, too well disposed to embarrass their succesI
sors in power, in all possible ways, and among
the rest by leaving them without the means of
I carrying on the Government of the country.?
Is This, manifestly, is not very patriotic; neverI
theless, it is very natural to the pravities of our
I nature in such circumstances, and the vice in
IT this case seems to have got the better of the
Iji virtue.
I As we cannot make room for all the stateI
ments by which Mr. Bell supports his conclu|
sions (and we beg leave to say they appear to be
I very clearly and fully supported by a detail of all
I the appropriate component elements)?we will
I announce the result on his authority. He says,
I " There can scarcely be a doubt that the real de
ficiency in the Treasury during the present year,
I (1841) if the credit and justice of the GovernI
ment be properly upheld, will not fall short of
I $15,000,000."
I And it is remarkable, that this result is made
I out from the late Secretary's (Mr. Woodbury's)
I own statements, thoroughly sifted, and sepaI
rately and comprehensively considered. The
I only item on which a difference is made on the
I grounds of probability are those of future reI
venue in the expected receipts from customs and
I' land sales, the fiwt of which Mr. Woodbury put
L down at $19,^00,000, and the second at $3,500,I
000 lor 1841. Mr. Bell gives very satisfactory
I and convincing reasons to show, that the receipts
I from customs for this year cannot safely be reliI
ed upon for more than $16,500,000, and those
I from lands for not over $2,500,000. This was
I the aspect of things on the 20th of January last.
B that lima avania kan? n.|?
.?w ...u. vtvuui lid 1 v WVUlin uu? UUIJ
to justify this reduction, but to make it still
greater. * a
All the other items are determinate in their
nature, and furnished from Mr. Woodbury's
own documents. Mr. Woodbury assumes, that
| the unapplied appropriations will be nearly or
1 about the same at the close of 1841 as of 1840,
? that is, about $10,000,000. The precise sum,
at the end of 1840, is stated at $10,411,027.?
I But Mr. Bell says, "of the ten million and upwards
of these balances which appear from the
Treasury statements to have been outstanding
L at the close of 1840, the largest portion?in fact
|r nearly all of them?were specifically chargeable
tt Upon the year 1840. From the same statement,
it appears that upwards of six millions of dolH
lars of the entire amount have been expended
R or applied to the service of the last year, but the
r payments therefor have not been demanded or
I made from the Treasury. They therefore
continue to be a legal charge upon the present
year till paid. They are mortgaged." Of the
remainder of this ten millions and upwards,
more than " three and a half million* remain
to be expended or applied to the objects for
which they were originally appropriated, and are
as binding on the Executive to be thus applit d,
, as though they were made a specific charge on
1841." All this is gathered from Mr. Woodbury's
own official documents, and yet he takes
(I,.,.. , * ' t _ - '
VOL. IV NO. 21.]
for granted, that these expended (mortgaged
and postponed balances, amounting to nine an
a half of the ten millions, called outstanding i
the end of 1840, will contribute so much towart
outstanding balances at the end of 1841!
It would appear, that this loose and unconst
tutional practice of having large outstandin
balances lying over, and payments *' staved off
has grown up within the last ten or twelve year
In reference to this new custom, unknown i
our Constitution and laws, Mr. Bell remarl
with great propriety and force:?'* When Coi
gress appropriates moneys, it is meant that tht
should be applied to the respective branches i
the public service for which they were d^signei
as speedily as may be consistent with the natui
and demands of the objects. Th$ Executiv
except in cases expressly provided, is vestc
with no discretion in the matter, and the a
sumption of it is an abuse of power. It is th
exercise of a dispensing' power. Executive ii
fluence and patronage are necessarily increase
when authority is assumed to apply large sun
of money, or not, at discretion, to objects an
interests in which large bodies of men feel
personal concern."
This is a feature of the Jackson-Van Bure
dynasty which has escaped observation, and 01
of pernicious, it might be momentous cons
quence, if the custom were tolerated. If, as w
have seen, it gave to Mr. Woodbury, a cover f<
a false estimate of millions in regard to the f\
ture, it might, also, in certain circumstance
and for too long a period for public safety, I
made a cover for a false reckoning of millioi
in regard to the past. At the close of 1836, tl
aggregate of the amount of unpaid and pos
poned balances was $16,752,000; and at the ec
of 1837, it was $14,157,000. From 1829 i
1840, the applied but uapaid balances had ii
creased 100 per cent., and the unapplied or pos
poned balances had increased sixteen to one !!
It is an ominous, not to say alarming, noveli
in the practical operation of our Government f<
the last few years, that the administrative ai
thorities have assumed the power to reduce <
enlarge the expenditures within the year at di
cretion. The specific objects of the leg islati\
authorities, in their appropriations, in so far i
this practice obtains, are not regarded. A hig
moral, legal, and constitutional obligation
trampled under foot. Such a license, once cot
firmed by precedent and toleration, might ope
the door to the highest and most criminal ao
of usurpation, as it might afford means sufiiciei
even for the beginning of a war, domestic (
foreign, and plunge the nation into a position t
disastrous and as irretrievable, as it would t
unauthorized by any constitutional principle.
It is proper, however, to remark, that Mr. Bel
in his estimate, takes Mr. Woodbury on his ow
ground, and allows the whole account of applic
but unpaid, and of unapplied or postponed b
lances, to be considered as outstanding at tl
close of 1841. He makes it, however, but $6
000,000, while Mr. Woodbury puts it down i
''a probability of conjecture" at $10,000,00
This for political and popular effect, inasmuc
as a help of $4,000,000 in a Treasury repot
falling on the right side, was a "pretty cons
derable" of an item. Foreseeing, however, thi
he would be brought up on this point, he hi
very discreetly suggested " that a greater pr
portion of outstanding appropriations at the en
of the year 1840, may be expended in 1841, tha
will be left unexpended of the new charges in
Here, then, in a single item* is a Treasury at
count capital of $4,000,000 to trade upon for pi
litical and popular effect, so long as it may ai
swer the purpose ; and in a sly corner, is four
a saving clause,, to be used as a shield, in cas
of need, against an adversary. ('Did'nt I sa
so?" Yes, true, but you left the impressic
that the outstanding balances of '41 would 1
equal to those of '40, and based your announci
raents of the future wants of the Governmei
upon this, as one of many similar items of ca
The great advantage of Mr. Bell's views <
our late financial history, of our present final
cial position, and of our financial prospects, i
that he travels side by side with the late Secrelai
of the Treasury, takes his own materials, an
shows that, properly represented, they must lea
to widely different results from those which th
ex-Secretary has announced. The field survey
ed by Mr. Bell is too large to be gone over b
us, and the points of interest too numerous t
receive a particular notice in this place. Th
country will appreciate its obligations to thost
who, like Mr. Bell, have contributed to effe<
such lucid disentanedcmcnts of our financial a
fairs, to throw light upon such obscurity, and t
prepare the way to bring order out of such
It ought to suffice to say, if true?and the ev
dence is all tangible in Mr. Bell's speech?tin
he has proved to a demonstration, out of the mi
terials furnished by the Ex-Secretary of tli
Treasury, that the real deficiency during th
present year will not fall short of $15,000,000,
it being understood that the Treasury shoul
never be permitted to approach nearer to a stal
of exhaustion than $5,000,000, which, in tli
more prudent or less profligate period of M
Woodbury's administration of the finances, wi
his avowed doctrine, which he has never dii
claimed, and which no prudent statesman woul
dare to disclaim.
It cannot, therefore, be denied?the raembei
of the late administration, with Mr. Van Bure
at their head, being witnesses, out of their ow
books?that they have left the present admini
tration 915,000,000 minus the necessities of tl
Oovernment for 1841. This, indeed, mayseci
inconsistent with what thev have published I
the world. Nevertheless, it is proved.
Mr. Bell has also proved, with equal clearnei
and effect, that with all the pretensions ar
boastings of the late administration, in the ma
ter of retrenchment, ?? vigorous retrenchment
they have never effected any, in the ordinary e
enses of the Government, hut rather increast
I) them. It all turns out like the boast of the Presiid
dent in his annual message of 1840, that the exit
penditures of 1839 were reduced air million*
Is of dollar* below those of 1838. And how?
Simply by abridging the extravagant expenses
i- of the Florida war, and refusing appropriations
ig for roads, rivers, harbors, and national defences.
This last topic, to wit, national defences, the
s. neglect of which, by a false and ruinous econoto
my, is ably handled by Mr. Bell and others, we
ts have treated at large in a former paper; and for
a- other matter respecting the finances, we refer
;y our readers to our paper of last Saturday.
re There seems to be a predestined infatuation,
p afatalitv in the Locofoco Dress: and beinar so.
>d we need not be concerned, that they will be ad9.
vised by us to repent* of that which we are quite
te willing to see them hold on to, viz. to persist in
Q. calling the true republicans of the country Fede;d
ralists. They can't make it stick, and they waste
is their wind and their ink. There is scarcely a
id man in the country, who does not know, that
a the old federal party died and was buried many
years ago, never to rise again even at the resur>n
rection. There is now and then an old incor>e
rigible sinner who prides himself in saying he is
e- a Federalist of the old school. But he is so great
re a rarity as to be a curiosity, and ought to be
[>r can ied about in a Zoological menagerie.
u- Nevertheless, there had risen in the land a
s, new Federal party, which has already begun to
>e go the same way. The Federalism of Andrew
is Jackson and Martin Van Buren was a great,
le decided, and superlative refinement on the Fedt
eralism of the early days of the republic. It was
id the very essence of the more diffuse and less
to condensed commodity. It was the centre of
a- centralism and sought to draw all influence and all
t- power within the circle of the Executive sway.
The Capitol was a mere appenage of the White
ty House, the Judiciary trembled on their seats,
or and federal officers, swarming through the land,
a- were in full commission and in full tilt to break
or down the power and independence of the States,
s- The whole system of the Federal Government
re was fast becoming one vast and all-absorbing
is federal powei, with the President as a Chieftain,
ft But, in 1840, the people saw it; in 1840 the
19 people rose in their might, and demolished this
fabric. It can never rise again. It was Fede?
ralism in its worst character, Federalism double
ts refined, fourth proof even, as intense in its aspira11
tions as it could be. It was the ne plus ultra of
,r federal ambition. The Essex junto and Hart18
ford Convention were nothing to it. They were
,e innocence itself in comparison.
But true republicanism lifted its head, and triumphed
once more. Like the lion of the forest,
>D it came out from its lair, shook its mane, and
!<* roared. All minor and meaner beasts scampered,
a_ as if afraid of being eaten up.
ie Now, after the fray, they are impudent again.
They approach nearer and nearer, with jealous
19 caution, to reconnoitre and see what will be done.
They call names, and say the lion is an old
^ Federalist. They say he is the British lion.
^ But, though he is not a native of this Continent,
though his great-great-grandfather was sired in
at Europe,his family have been here somehundreds
19 of years, till his blood and heart are all Araerican.
He has also an ally that soars in the air,
and looks on the sun?the American Edgle.
in Both disdain alike the epithets ascribed to them,
and are resolved to assert their rights, the one to
rule the land, and the other to protect it with his
c~ wings.
It is amusing to observe the vain efforts of
a~ the Federal press, of that press which reared
1 and fostered Federalism so lately in such ob56
noxious forms, so conscience-smitten for its ery
rors, so repentant over its mistakes, as to be
,n foremost in the cry to chase itself. As Federal)e
ism can be found no where else, therefore all
eyes are bent that way. It has received its
at death wound, however, and no alarm will be
felt. Such is the fate of Federalism in this
g The clamor that has been raised about " proscription"
will react upon its authors and those whom it
^ professes to befriend, in more ways than one.
The Administration have doubtless already learned,
1 that gratitude for forbearance is not to be expected,
ie and that they have nothing to gain among political
r~ opponents, and much to lose among friends, by delayy
ing justice and propriety. No matter how little is
0 done by remova a and new appointments, the clamor
0 Will uc Hit duiiic uo at vuc uua *01 om dnccp ncic uiuuv
?, al once. Forbearance has no reward. The more
t kindness is shown, the greater the abuse, apparently*
[*_ They think to strike terror, and to bring about a pause
0 in the discharge of a conscientious duty. But if al'
} were done that is proper to be done, as soon as convenience
may admit, the clamor would soon be over. At
least there could hardly be more of it. It will be
abated, of course, as it cannot fail to pall on the pubU
lie ear.
l" But there is a justice in this concein, which cannot
>e easily be set aside, in the rase of those who have been
ie most efficient in redeeming the countiy at great personal
sacrifice. Other things being equal, if there be
Id any inequality between the claims of the Ins and the
[e (Juts, all proper -considerations resulting from our state
l0 of society and the nature of our institutions, arc, in
r most cases, in favor of the Outs. Tho democratic
principle of rotation in public trusts cannot easily be
expunged from the common creed. The principle of
perpetual, or life lease, cannot be defended for a mo.
1 went. Then where is the claim ofthe Ins to the exclusion
of the Outs 1
rs But when the sufferings and the wants of those ? ho
n have made great sac.ifices for the country are as great
ti for the want of Government patronage as could possis
bly result fioin the deprivation thereof, in any given
le cases, shall the true friends of the Administration,
m who have fouirht its battles at such expense and sacri
t0 fice, be tbemse.vee immolated on the altar of proscription
by exclusion, while its enemies, who have fattened
for years in their places, are still permitted to enjoy
59 them, at the' expense of more deserving claimants 1
There is a preposterousnces on one side of this quesll"
tion, which shocks common justice. When a deep
?" wound is inflicted in this way on high merit and unX*
questionable claims, the country itself bleeds. The
?d opponent to such cUims, ordinarily, cinnot be injured,
f/Vt J f 1 t!
AY EVENING, MAY 22, 1841.
thpugh he may suffer. The aaserter of them may be
deeply injured.
Besides, is proscription only on one side 1 Can the
man who has bad place, and is superseded, complain
of proscription, and may not he, who is in all respects
better entitled, and who has a stronger elaim than the
man whose place he solicits?may not he complain ol
proscription, if his request is denied 1 If this rule will
not work both ways, it must be a eery bad one. It is
the principle that claims to be respected ; and he whu
is best entitled to a place, all things considered, and is
refused it, whether he be an in or an out, whether he
asks to be kept in or to be put in?he is the proscribed
man. On this point we hare no hesitation in uttering
a decided opinion, and ws fully believe that the
voice of the country will sustain it. If it be not so,
we are unable to conceive how right can be distinguished
from wrong. All public trusts are the property
of the American people. It is monstrous to sup
pose they can be monopolized and appropriated by c
privileged class as an original right, or a birtbrighi
One thought has occurred to ua which will doubtleas
occur to all, in view of this unseasonable and un
reasonable clamor about proscription, viz : that it is i
part of a political game to recover power. They wh<
have always used place to fortify party, regard it as i
capital not to be surrendered willingly. They know
that the agents of a Government are essential to th<
carrying out of its purposes, and that so long as it
opponents can be forced upon it in this capacity, i
may be weakened and thwarted. It is the stronges
fort in which to plant their means of annoyance am
onset. An army of spies within a camp may bemor
dangerous and more fatal than an army in open fore
It is now many years, nearly the half of an ag<
since the principle of proscription has been at work
not only by removals of political opponents, but b
an exclusive appointment of partisans. Every on
must see, that much is required to be done to give t
the friends of the present Administration a simpl
equality in the list of appointments. If justice an
propriety do not call aloud for change to this extenl
we are at a loss to know what question may be consi
tiered as settled.
This day was most religiously observed in this citj
All business was suspended as if it were Sunday, am
the churches were thronged.
$3rThe Public Offices and works were all suspend
ed by order of the President, and it is due to say, tha
by some mistake the notices of this order did not ap
pear in the city papers.
The following returns from the Congressiona
election in Indiana, were forwarded to us attached t<
the Wabash Courier of May 8 :
Lane, (Whig) majority in the seventh District oi
Indiana 3,000
Thompson, (W.) in 2d Diet. 700
Proffit, (W.) 1st 1,100
Wallace, (W.) Gih 1,300
The following notice of Dr. Anthon's Classics
Dictionary, from the New York Signal, just publishe
by the Harpers, and for sale in this city by P. Tayloi
is less than what is due, even from a journal:
It is quite wonderful to conceive how any one mar
by his own unassisted energies, in the space of a fei
years, comparatively speaking, should have accumi
laled such a mass of erudition as that which lies br
fore us. Johnson's Dictionary, the labot of a life, ht
been always looked upon as the most gigantic effort <
research and toilsome compilation ; but in this reaper
it is not comparable even for a second's space with thi
really huge monument of scholarship and toilsome a|
plication. No work of the same kind yet publishe
has approached this?has even been like or second t
it. Its authenticity, its profundity, its variety, are un
equalled; and whether we look to the accurate an
clear views of ancient geography?to the brief and lu
cip synopsis of the lives, the doctrines, the writing
or the actions of eages, warriors, poets, philosophers
historians?to the learned yet simple explanations o
the dark mysteries of Greek and Roman mythology
or to the wise and biilliant theories, based upon facti
of undisputed history, and throwing a clear light ovei
many a dark and doubtful mythus?we shall equalh
admire the variety and depth of acquisition by which
alone so much could be effected.
The articles on the great writers of old are in themselves
worth more, far more, than the price of the
whole volume ; showing a thorough and minute ac
quaintance with all their varied lore, and a clear intuition
of their social beauties and defects. Not t
scholar on the European continent but might pride
himself with justice on such a proof of his thorough
Tk<ioA avlinlns KnnrnvA* ointr nt nnnn infn enmnOm.
tivc obscurity when viewed in relation to the practical
and sound expositions of history the painful investigations
of geography?and the wonder.ully lucid exhibition
of the mythological tables, their origin, theii
secret meanings, and their tendency, with which the
work abounds.
It ha* moreover one vast advantage over all formei
books of their kind -it is the work of a pure minded
man, devoid of any thing resembling coarseness, much
less that pruriency and undisguised licentiousness
which were so disgracefully frequent in Lempriere.?
We can recommend this book with perfect confidenct
as suited not to the acholar merely, or the abstraci
man of letters, but to all ? ho would at little labor gair
an acquaintance with the wisdom of past ages; with
the history of the world; with the past, in all its vari
ed phases, of religion, arts, arms, letters. That out
limits will not |>erinit us to dwell so long, or explain
so minutely as we would, its vast and general utility
we regret truly, but we have no doubt or hesitation in
pronouncing it. a work sui generis, unsurpassed ir
execution, and unrivalled in usefulness.
It is an honor to out country to have produce*] iu
author?the ripest scholar in America?and surel)
equalled by few in Europe. Published by Harper 4
Brothers, in one vol. 8vo., pp. 1430.
By the way of Panama advices have been received
to the 18th of February. An outline o
the news is contained in the annexed letter:
Cali-ao, February 18.
Since my last of the 5th ult. the anticipated politics
convulsions in Peru and Bolivia has taken place.
Col. Vicanco lias been proclaimed Supreme Chie
in the depaitment of Cusco, Arrquipa, Puno, am
Moquequa; and notwithstanding (Jen. San Itonan
who was placed in command of the former by Vivan
ca, has declared against him with about one thousnm
men, yet he appears to be rapidly gaining ground, a
the whole community is decidedly against the govern
ment of Gainarra, who has degraded the country b
such an extent as to place it in the class of a Chiliai
colony, sustained by Chilian influence and subject li
Chilian control.
On the 21 st ult a general rising took place in Bo
livia, headed by Generals Lara and Irogowen, whi
have proclaimed General Santa,Cruz, Supreme Protec
tor. This officer was expected at Guayaquil abou
k. ikik nn.L ?i? l " i. . > > .. i* . i.
uw ?nu ui win uii., ? nere nc was umi 10 now mm
self in readiness to embark for Peru with a email foro
on the first favorable opportunity ; and as such an opportunity
is now offered, we are momentarily expect
ing him in Peru. On his arrival the downfall ol thi
degraded government is inevitable. In fact, nothin(
prevents its immediate overthrow but the want of soin
officer of rank and influence under whom all partie
worldu nite.
We are happy to learn from Newburyport, that th
indisposition of the Hon. Mr. Cushing is not of a s<
rious character, and that he may be confidently ex
peeled in this city in a few days.
?^ _
'HI ?I'' WW* invijhshwiissffww fir man
BggBBgg I - BBB-B!
[AN. .
f\ ^11
deputy postmasters.
Henry B. Stacey, at Burlington, Vermont.
William Collins, at Steubenville, Ohio.
1 William C. Lord, Collector, Wilmington,
1 N. C., vice Lewis H. Marsteller.
' appraiser.
' Abraham Inskeep, Appraiser, New Orleans,
' vice Sheldon S. Clark.
From the St. Louie Republican, May 1.
17th ULT.
For some days past, the city authorities have been
' engaged in investigating some recent developemenls
i connected with the murder of Messrs. Baker and
I Weaver, and the burning of the store of Messrs. Collier
and Pcttus, and we have refrained from giving any
of the particulars, lest our doing so might impede
' their operations. The objects of secrecy being over,
in the opinion of the officers, we feel at liberty to state
k the' particulars so far as they have been developed.
A negro man named Edward H. Ennis, who has
} been for some months past in the employ of a barber
i named Johnson, on Market street, opposite the Nar
lional Hotel, made the disclosure. The communicalions,
it seems, were made to Ennis, by one of the
parties, that Ennis being uneasy about it, and yet
II afraid, because of the excitement, and also of the murt
tiers, to tell what he knew, went on Friday last to
t Butcher, a yellow man, who resides in Brooklyn, on
, the opposite side of the river, and told him what he
knew and asked his advice. Butcher refused to give
e any advice; on Sunday he went over again and went
e to Alton, when Butcher communicated the facts to
two Constables, who arrested Ennis, and after taking
his statement, came here with expectation of catching
'i one of the partes, (Warrick,) but he had left before
;, their arrival.
y The circumstances of this horrible affair, as detailed
by Ennis, arc as follows. About 10 o'clock on Sature
duy night, Ennis went from the barber shop to his
o boarding house, kept by Leah, a free yellow woman,
e and Peter Churleviile, a free man, on Third, between
Mariipi And Walnut afraata fthnrtlv *ftar ha Kml
gone to bed, a negro slave named Madison, came to
'i the door, knocked, and was admitted. Soon after bei
ing admitted, Madison exclaimed, "G?d d?n th<
lock," and on an inquiry why, he stated " I havedonc
more murder to-night than I ever did before, and have
not been paid for it;" and after remarking, that there
r> would be an alarm of fire shortly, he stated in sub
. stance that he and three yellow men, viz: James Seward,
alias Sewall, Warrick and Brown, had gone on
that night to Mr. PettuV counting room, that the door
I- was unlocked; Madison entered alone, Mr. Baker
t was sitting down with his boots olf, reading a newspaper,
Madison walked up and presented a bank bill
'* to him, and asked him if it was good, and as Baker
turned to look at the bill, he struck him over the
bead with a short bar of iron which he had concealed
1 under his arm ; the others then came in ; and they re)
peated the blows until he was quite dead, his skull and
one side of his head completely mashed. After scarching
the body for the keys, they rolled it up in the bed
clothes and placed it in the bed.
They secured the door and went to work on the
vault to open it. Whilst at this work, Mr. Weaver
came to the door and knocked, and called to Jesse,
(Mr. Baker) to let him in. Some dispute ensued between
Brown and Madison, which should k>Il Wea.
ver,; and it was insisted that Madison should, as he
had kdled Baker, but he refused, saying that he had
d done his share, and would do no more.' Brown openr,,
ed the door and placed himself behind it, and as Weaver
passed into the room, struck him over the head with
the bar of iron, on the second blow he fell, and attempting
to rise, Brown thrust a sharp iron bar through
i, his head. Ennis in his statement does not confirm th<
>v report of the firing of the pistols, but says, that havi-if
i- heard that Weaver was snot, he asked Madison about
3- it, and he told him that no pistol had been fired, ant
is that I hey had no weapons but the bar of iron mention)f
ed. From the statement it would seem that ail ol
;t them had beaten Weaver.
is After some further effort at the vault, finding they
)- could not get into it, Madison left. Warrick. Bewail
d and Brown remained a short time, then fired the house
o in five different places, came out, locked the door and
i- went up the alley north from the house, and threw the
d key away. Brown took with him a gold watch and a
i- blue cloak, which he said he had thrown away for fear
s of detection.
i, It seems from the statement^, that Ennis, on the
f morning following, was in company with all of thein,
; and many of the facts he got from others besides Madi
son. VYarrick and bewail said but little about it.?
Madison had with him on the morning following the
bar of iron with which the deed was executed, and
Ennis having learned the office it had |ierfornied, took
it and threw it into a sink in the rear of Leah's house.
The vault was yesterday searched and the bar found.
We understand it provedho be an instrument used in
opening dry goods boxes; a chisel on one end and
claws on the other, one of the claws partly broken,
agreeing fully with Ennis's description.
There arc many other minor statements, but the
above is the substance. The communication of Madison
appears to have been made without solicitation
and injunction to secrecy.
Leah and her husband confirm Ennis' statement as
to the time he came home, and the time Madison :tme
in. They heard the conversation but not sufficiently
distinct to understand if. It may be well, however, to
remark, as a further confirmation of Ennis's statement,
that yesterday Madison's coot was found in the
loft of Leah's house besmeared with blood. From all
that we can gather, it does not appear that the scheme
had been long concocted, or that they had very well
matured their plan of operations.
We subjoin such a description of the murderers as
we arc in possession of, and trust it may be sufficient,
if they have not been already apprehended, to lead to
their detection.
Madison is a slave belonging to Samuel G. Blanchard,
of New Orleans; has been here some time running
at large, and if we are correctly informed, was
sent here to avoid a prosecution in New Orleans. He
is a stout, copper-colored man, near six feet high,
about thirty-five years old, very bold and impudent in
his manner. We understand that a short time since
he took a trip, on his own hook, to Galena and Chicago,
and lately returned to this city. It is believed that
he left here on the Wednesday following the murder
on board the Missouri, for New Orleans.
Brown is a dark mulatto, about five feet ten inches
high, about thiity years of age, and it is said resided in
Cincinnati. He seems to have been heie a veiy short
time. He was seen on board the Goddess of Liberty,
. bound for Cincinnati.
p James Seward, alias Sewall, is a dark mulatto, about
five feet nine incites high, stout made, and a bold, cunning,
and well-educated negro. It is said he reads
and write* well; is originally from New York, has resided
at New Albany, was last summei on board the
I steamboat Agnes, and during Madison's soiourn at
Chicago was with him there. He is supposed to have
j left on the steamboat Atalanta, for the "Ohio river.
Warrick was a barber, and baa kept a shop for sonic
> time past in this city, on Franklin avenue. He is a
* very dark mulatto, slender made, about five feet nine
or ten inches high, aged about '2t>, and remarkable for
a bold, impudent, anil haughty manner. It is believed
that he left on the Omega, bound up the Missouri
" river, and that his pur|tose was to join the company
? going to the Rocky Mountains.
0 Officers have been despatched in all the directions
named, and it is reasonable to presume that they will
be apprehended. Should they unfortunately fail, it is
0 to be hoped that all good citizens of every quarter will
* lend their energies to apprehend them and bring them
* to punishment. Ennis, the witness, will remain in
" custody.
B It would be invidious in us to bestow praise on any
of the officers who have been engaged in this affair.
The two constables of Alton, the Mayor and city po*
lice, the city constables, and severai citizens, have
1 spared no pains, trouble, or expense, to feriet out the
e guilty : and we trust that they will, in addition to the
8 reward offered, have that higher reward?the pleasure
of seeing the insulted majesty of the law fully atonci
" The Clanondeft New York on the evening of the
14th of April, and wis advertised to sail for thts pott
on the 4th instant. She may therefore be hourly expected.?.V.
V. Com.
. lzzesz zszzssBSSssssmm
Xrtu York CorrtspowOfnte.
New Yobk, May 16.
John Gbeio, Esq., (Whig,) was elected to
Congress from our Ontario District, at a special
election on the lllh inst., in place of Hon.
Fhancis Gbanoeh, resigned. His majority, is
only about 600?one-half the absolute Whig\ Jm
majority in the district?but the vote was very
light, and our friends in the county are well sa- fi t
tisfied with their triumph. Mr. Gkeio is a Scotch- ft?|
man by birth, a man of fortune, long retired from ^
active life, and so little known to the People of W
the District that his sterling qualities and high
moral worth answered but little purpose in the
canvass. His opponent, Whiting, is an able
and popular lawyer, and a general, though quiet
rally, was made to elect him. The Abolitionists
ran a candidate, Hiram Pitts, who received some
200 votes.
Gov. Sewabd has received 'a further communication
from acting Governor Ruthehvobd, of
Virginia, in relation to the grave question of difference
between the two Executives. He has j
transmitted it to the Legislature.
The manufacture of sewing silk has been
commenced in our Auburn State Prison with n |
fair pi ospect of success. It will be persevered in.
Mr. Rhoades, yesterday, reported toour State
Senate a bill to employ all the convicts in our
State Prison, whose services are not needed to
fulfil existing contracts in the manufacture of
silk, silk goods, and such implements of steel or
iron as are not now produced in this State. The
object of this important bill is the protection of
the mechanic interest again3t the injurious and
depressing competition they now suffer from
State Prison labor. 1 am confident this bi*! will
Qen. Root has laid on the table of the Senate
a series of concurrent Resolutions instructing
the Senators from'this State to support the chartering
of a National Bank. I doubt whether
these will be pressed ; but if pressed they will
pass. 1
Our two Houses have disagreed as to the Internal
Improvement Appropriation Bill. The
Senate first fixed the whole sum for this year at
$4,000,000. The House cut it down to $3,000,000.
The Senate non-concurred; and the
House yesterday voted to insist on its amendment
; Ayes 60 ; Noes 32.
In our city, the topic of the last week has been
the trial of Ezra White, charged with murder
committed in a fracas two years ago. White
was one of a gang of rowdies who went into a
house where another party were drinking and
dancing one night, and behaved so badly that
. the rightful possessors put them out of the room.
I They rallied and commenced a fight, in which
a man named Fitzpatrick was stabbed by a thrust
through the half opened door into the house, so
(hat he died the next day. White was arrested,
and has been once convicted of murder; but his
indefatigable Counsel obtained for him a new
trial, and so man. ged his defence that the verdict
is now manslaughter in the third degree,
with a recommendation to mercy. That he is
now likely to lire beyond two months, he owes
to the talents and energy of David Graham.
We have a probable case of Piracy here this
morning. The schooner Mogul of this port was
> yesterday found on the Jersey coast fifty miles '
, from here deserted, sinking, with holes bored in
? her bottom, and, it is believed, a dead body i w
| the cabin. The water prevented a perfect inI
spection. A small boat with three men in it j
- was rowing for the beach. It is feared that her j
r captain, mate and cook have been murdered by
the crew, and that the latter have escaped. We
| shall hear more soon. Yours, Harold. i
Mr. Atkinson and Mr. McDowell, two officers, I
were despatched on the steamer Col. Woods, a few I
days since, up the Missouri, after one of the negroes, I
who it was suj posed had gone up that river on the I
Omega. When near Arrow Rock they mettheOme- I
ga on her way down. The officers went on board I
the Omega and found the negro, (Warrick,) who I
seemed to be greatly surprised at seeing the officers,
he recognizing them. He was secured and brought to
this city.
Mr. Gordon, who had been sent down the river, arrived
yesterday morning with another.of the rascals
(Sewail.) He was caught at Cairo, just as he was
about leaving for New Orleans. We understand the
statements made by both these fellows confirm the account
rendered by Ennis.
There are now two more of the scamps at large?
Madhon and Brown?the former at New Orleans
and the latter at Cincinnati, both of whom will undoubtedly
be secured in a few days.
Warrick, it is understood, also says, that Brown and
Madison set fire to the Branch Bank at Galena, with
the intention of robbing that institution. They were,
it will be recollected, unsuccessful.
Sewail confesses that the same gang were concerned
in the robbery of Messrs. E. & A. Tracy's store, and I
that of Sinclair, Taylor & Co.?St. Louis Bulletin. I
From the Tallahassee Sentinel. I
The election passed off here as quietly as all elections
should; there was neither quarrelling nor fighting,
and so far as we were able to observe, but little
officious electioneering. Time will be necessary to
develop the results of the contest, and the returns, as
heretofore, will doubtless come in slowly.
As yet, we have heard from but few precincts, and
Crfect reliance cannot be placed on the accounts wu
,ve received. They are, however, as follows:
Precincts. Ward. Levy. Downing.
Tallahassee, 903 1*3 37
Ocklockonnee, 28 10
St. Marks, 4 58 10
! Shellpoint, - 10
' Centrcville, 22 II
> Quincy, 118 51 31
Sadbury's 17 3
?LII* in 1
1 Viiuuiiiuucurr, u lu
Thomas' Store, 40 15 10 i M
\ Hunters' Store, 61 7 I
Baileys' Mills, 37 10 I
Mooticello, 87 143 - I
Bunker Hill, 1 1.1 I
Bryant's 2*2 27 - J|
Marianne, 86 *Jt> 4
Chapman's 19 4
Woman's Blurt", 85 40 60
In general, it may he remarked, that hardly more
than two-thirds of the voters of the several counties
I were polled. At Madison Court House, rumor says,
*" * ? fifteen maioritv over Ward, and
ivi r. L*rvy ? w
thai not a solitary vote was cast for Mr. Downing.?
We repeat that entire reliance can by no means be
placed cn the returna given above.
Mississippi will not be represented at the Extra Session
of Congress. Gov. McNrrr has declined calling
an Extra Session of the Legislature tor the purpose of
Appointing a period for the election, and does not consrder
himself authorised to order an election without
the inteivention of the Legislature.?JV. O. Bee.
Walker on Woman, I vol.: Walker on Female ,
j Beauty, 1 vol. This day received, for sale by
| may 11 F.TAYLOR.

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