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The Madisonian. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1837-1845, November 27, 1841, Image 1

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Lewis H. Dobelbowek, 34 Catharine street, I
J. R Wsldin, Pittsburg, Pa.
C. W. James, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Hbnby S. Mkeks, 464 Bowery, New York.
Georue W. Bull, Buffalo, N. York.
Sylvanus Stevens, New Haven, Ct.
E. B. Foster, Boston, Mass.
Wbbton F. Birch, Fayette, Missouri.
Israbl Russei.l, Harper's Ferry, Va.
Josiah Snow, Detroit, Michigan.
Fowxer & Woodward, St. Louis, Mo.
The Madisonlan is published Tri-weekly dm
the sittings of Congress, ind Semi-weekly during
ricess, at $5 per annum. For six months, 83.
The Madiaonian, weekly, per annum, $4; do.
months, 81.
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the year.
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A liberal discount will be made to companies of,
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gratia for every five subscribers, or at that rate
cent, on subscriptions generally; the terms being i
Letters and communications intended for the est
Ishstent will not be received unless the poatagt
i The Attorney General, Mr. Legare, 1
arrived at the seat of Government. The C?1
net are now all here, and all deeply engaged
their official labors.
The Courier and Enquirer copies, with son
very sensible remarks of its own, an article frc
the Baltimore Patriot, slating, with strong e
pressions of censure and denunciation, that
boy, guilty of a penitentiary offence, has be
pardoned on condition that he would enlist
a naval apprentice, and that the arrangeme
has been assented to by the Department.
It is to be regretted that the editor of the P
triot, who lives in the city where the fact is sa
to have occurred, did not take the necessa
pains to ascertain it, before he ventured to pu
lish it to the world, with injurious and excitii
comments. It is still more to he reirrpitcH th
"a naval officer," upon whose authority the F
triot professes to speak, should have so far ft
I gotten the duty which he owed to himself a:
| to the service to which he belongs, as to I
zard, without due inquiry, an assertion calc
lated to reflect so seriously upon the administi
tion of the Navy Department. The Navy h
had enemies enough to contend against, wii
out adding to the number indiscreet newspaf
editors and still more indiscreet Navy officers
The editor of the Patriot is informed tl
there is no truth whatever in the statement
has made. The naval apprentices have i
thing to apprehend from the present Secret!
of the Navy. On the contrary, we have reas
to know attention i?" saxsuasly yylfwif
that subject, and that he is particularly desire
to place the system upon the best possii
The fact out of which this injurious sta
menthas arisen, is simply this: A very you
boy, of very excellent general character, ac
dentally shot his companion, while playing
the ice. The act was probably careless, ar
so far, culpable. Hd was tried and convicted
manslaughter, The Governor agreed to pi
don him, if he could be enlisted in the nai
service- It was refused by the Departmi
unless satisfactory evidence could be produc
0>f the boy''8 previous good character, togeth
* with satisfactory certificates that the shootit
?ontinith?tandi.mr the verdict of the iurv. w
probably accidental. Such evidence was p:
I duced, and the strongest intercession was ma
and repeated, by gentlemen of high standir
I in order to save a boy, scarcely beyond chi
/ hood, and of excellent general character, fr<
j the ignominy of the Penitentiary, and from t
/ moral destruction to which the execution of 1
/ sentence would probably condemn him. Th<
/ gentlemen, who witnessed the trial, condemn
/ ,\ the verdict of the jury in unqualified terras, ai
expressed the most undoubting conviction tl
the shooting was purely accidental. Und
these circumstances, the boy wa3 permitted
enlist, not as an apprentice,?but as a boy ; t
very lowest condition on board a ship of war.
Whether or not the Governor should have t
erted his power of pardon upon such condition,
/ a question with which the Navy Departrne
/ had no concern.
Another Issue.?The Courier ?fc Enquii
j now insists upon it that because the Preside
does not send commissions to the men tl
burnt him in effigy, his personal feelings mi
always hereafter be consulted in bestowing 01
\ ces ! Now we doubt very much whether a
of these silly men entertained any personal 1
j tred for the President when they committed th
outrages?they were goaded on by such monil(
as the Courier and the Whig, and thought th
f. I were dealing vengeance on the President
/ opposing them in their political views. Woi
the Courier have the President appoint men
office whose political views are not only dif!
ent from his own, but who would not hesitate
oppose him forcibly in the execution of the lav
There are men enough, and true men too,
well as moderate, who will accept office wh
appointments must be made, the assertions
I ihe Courier to the contrary notwithstandii
I The President is not the only man in the cou
try willing to defend the Constitution, and ai
I ious to see the laws faithfully administered.
I The New Orleans Advertiser, speaking of i
I late Whig defeats, gives the following sensi
I opinions:
I The causes of this defeat are obvious. They
I on the surface of things. They are all comprised
A one bundle, the bundle of impolitic moves made by
Whigs after the vttou. To say our defeats h
been caused by the vetoes, is childish in ihe exire
B for if they had been condemned by the whole bod;
the party, as alleged in the Congress manifesto,'
party would have turned out and taught the Presid
B^ that fact, by their votes. This thing has not b
dona, but more than 300,000 Whigs, throughout
B. country, have ?taid away from the polls, as Ihe ]
Bl tional Intelligencer expresses it, and it ia fair to |
sums that they staid away to express their disappro
B \ tion of the course of the manifesto-men, the Syri
B i sians, the intolerant course of a majority of the W
press, Ac.
IV NO. 48.] V
The Intelligencer of Saturday devotes some
space to the subject of the " Autumnal Elecing
tions." That paper is deservedly admired for
its moderation and prudence?never indulging
six in violent and offensive epithets, and generally
cautious in assuming its positions in eventful
times. We cheerfully accord this praise, because
we feel that it is due. But the fact can00
not be disguised that its old associations, attach25
ment to certain men, and an uncompromising
by partiality to decayed and repudiated doctrines,
1 have placed an impassable chasm between us in
j^lj our political views. We are sorry for it, but
nit- >( man is doomed to sorrow here below."
_ Speaking of the late elsctions, the editor sfcys:
our we what we anticipated many weeks ago; and we are
l*'r not therefore disappointed in them. They are in the
P?r natural order of thing*. "'! might have been predicted
by any attentive observer of the signs of the times
with as much certainty as an eclipse in the Heavens
may be calculated by one who is skilled in astron jj
b4 Not having had the pleasure of seeing the Intelligencer
previous to the elections, of course
_ we are ignorant of the manner in which its
tas prediction was expressed. But we may infer
bi- that if the course adopted by the ultra Whigs, of
iQ which the Intelligencer is confessedly the organ,
led to such anticipations, its conduct (in waging
war against the Executive) was impolitic, to
say the least of it. It was impolitic before the
ne elections, (when such disastrous anticipations
,m were entertained,) and certainly unjust since
x" the People have sustained the President.
a The editor very composedly proceeds thus:
" The Whig party haa?to uae a figure borrowed
OA from the Turf?been distanced by an antagonist
nt whom, less than a year ago, on the National Course,
it had beaten with thegieatest ease. The same thing
haa happened on the Turf, before now, to the nobleit
'a- animals. It is but a few days ago, indeed, since BosI(j
ton, the fleetest horse of his day, was actually "distanced"
on the Camden Course by a competitor who
ry would, a few weeks before, have been no match for
lb- him. Boston's being beaten?if good judges are to be
? believed?and the defeat of the Whig party, are to be
? accounted for on precisely the same principle. The
iat high-mettled racer was tasked too severely. He had
a_ done his best, had been successful, and looked for
some respite from labor. Disappointed in this just ex5r"
peclation, his temper was soured. It was not that
nd Boston could not easily have done at Camden what
ia_ he had so recently before accomplished elsewhere:
but his high spirit revolted at what he considered ill!U
usage in being overworked, and he refused to run.
ra" The Intelligencer's figure is hypothecated on
ias purely imaginary premises. The editor takes
it for granted that the-present dilapidated Whig
tpr i .l . . .. li
party is precisely tne same tmpregnaDie structure
that successfully breasted the storm in 1840.
iat Sitting in his sanctum which he has inhabited
^e perhaps nearly a half century, and which from
k0~ its isolated condition may not have been broken
by the concussion, he seems not to be aware
that the cJaiftf of his party. Ending the garrison
would not submit to his dictation, in a fit of
"J* desperation applied a match to the magazine
" and blew his followers to atoms! Nor does his
chief (now a singed and crisped misshapen
te~ mass,) seem to know that the blow fell upon his
n? own forces exclusively, all the others having atC1~
tained a position of safety before the explosion
?? took place!
But to the editor's ''figure from the turf.''?
ar_ Mr. Clay has been distanced?but not by an
antagonist "he had once beaten with the great,nt
est ease." When was Mr. Clay considered
ed 'l^e deetest horse of his day?" That "day"
never dawned ! He never won a race in his
life on the "National Course." His triumphs
^ have been confined to jockey-sweepstakes.?
ro The Intelligencer remarks truly that "the same
je thing has happened on the Turf, before now, to
J{r the noblest animals"?but unfortunately it neld
ver haPPene(l otherwise to Mr. Clay. The
)m "g?od Jud&es" ^,at would assimilate Mr. Clay's
. case with Boston's, are not to be believed.?
Ij- They have very satisfactorily accounted for
*se each?fhis uniform series of defeats ever since
kn urn n firot Itiwkiinrli t iinnn tknUIVlntiAnnl r.iivn/i 9'
tic; iiioi uiuugiu uj>uii IUC iiaiiuuai vuuisc,
Q(j But he has never yet taken the previium cup.?
iat Truly he " was tasked too severely," and had
er done his bestbut he had never been successt0
ful in building up a monstrous Cor| oration,
whence to leap over the heads of his competitors
to the "shining goal." And doubless "his
temper was soured." His long, ceaseless, and
jg unavailing efforts to secure an irresistible corps
>nl of editors and orators, by means of a National
Bank, to advocate and enforce his claims, were
enough to break down any man. He is doomed
rer to be always "disappointed in this expectation."
!nt The American people and the American Gov^al
ernment, have suffered too much from powerful
J9t chartered Institutions, ever to abide the creation
of another. But he did not "refuse to run."?
?y Those presses that still entertained a lingering
ia" hope of again being fed by a U. S. Bank, trimmed
e>r his mane and tail and girthed him for the race.
>rs The only reason that he was distanced was beeY
cause he could not run. He never lacked the
will. But what horse can run "with a millstone
dangling to his neck ?" The ''Bank millto
stone has caused all his defeats. He must
er~ throw it off, or he can never do any thing on the
t0 ''National Course."
The following is unobjectionable :
89 "Under the influence of the same causes could not
ten but have happened, sooneT or later, what has come to
0f pass; and it is surely much more auspicious to the
continued success of the principles which triumphed
*8' at the last National Election, that it should have hapin
pened thus early," &c.
ix- "Undoubtedly the result could not have been
otherwise. And it is "auspicious to the conti
tjje nued success of the principles which triumphed
>jje at the last National Election, that it should
have happened thus early.'''' Neither Harrison
lay nor Tyler were in favor of a U. S. Bank, and
in Mr. Clay's forces enlisted under them more
with a desire to be revenged on the enemy, than
me, with any just expectation of appropriating to
fof themselves the fruits of the victory. Yet every
lent thing not positively ruinous to the cause, was
een accorded them. But they wanted more?they
wanted all. And rather than be ruined by
l,re. them, it is better that they should go "thus
ba- early."
^ We cut the following from the concluding
pai agraph :
M -! -J? -J U-i? . - ?
"The re-action is to come. That il will come, ?
have entire confidence."
* - s** 1J *1 J:. ?kA Tntnll
IT HAS COME. V^UUIU ilie euiiui ui iw juwu
gencer but know the evidences of it daily receii
ed by the President?congratulations from ever
quarter and every party, save the Bank partyhis
"entire confidence" would be changed to a
We copy the following judicious remarks o
the use of the Veto power, from the Bosto
Mercantile Journal, a Whig paper of some ic
General Jackson's use of the Veto power, allhoug
evidently originating in feelings of pique, tinged wit
tyranny, which excited the alarm, ami indignation c
many of our best and most patriotic citizens, wa
nevertheless approved by a majority of the America)
people. And President Tyler's course in this reaped
at the extra seeeion, although it has created him man;
powerful and uncompromising political enemies, amon|
those who helped to elect bim to office, is believed t
have originated in motives honorable to him as a man
and as President of the United States; and we doub
not, if the voice of the people could be heard on thi
question, two-thirds, at least, of our citizens, woul<
approve the measure. So long as the people, the ma
jority of the p ople, approve of the exercise of thi
power in a President or Governor, there is surely n<
reason to believe, that from the exercise of this power
our government is on the verge of ruin.
We think the editor is somewhat wide of thi
mark in urging such uncharitable reasons fo
General Jackson's use of the Veto power. Hi
has the candor though to attribute the correc
motives to President Tyler?indeed, but few o
the President's enemies have the hardihood t<
deny that he acted from an honorable and patri
otic impulse.
This is the third time of asking Let the po
litical records of the country answer the ques
tion. For this purpose we turn back to the Pre
sidential election'of 1836. And what find w
there ?
We find that John Tyler received the elec
toral votes of the following States, as Vice Pre
sident, in 1836:?
Maryland, ..... 10
South Carolina, - - - - 11
Georgia, 11
Hugh L. White was run at this time as the Whi|
candidate; but he got the vote of but the two latte
States, Georgia and Tennessee?and both of their
from the circumstance, it is believed, ot his havin
been a Jackson man, and therefore the most availabl
Whig candidate. While on the other hand, Joh
Tyler received the votes of Maryland and South Ci
rolina, from no avowed partiality for Whigs, and witl
out adopting either their profession, or principles?bi
in Spite of both .
tie received the voles of Maryland, firstly: becaw
he was a Southern man, it is believed; and second!
because his political principles were in accordant
with those of Gen. Harrison, who received the vot<
of this State at the same time as candidate for Pres
The vote of South Carolina was given to John Tj
ler as Vice President, for the same reason that it we
refused to the Whig candidate, and given to Willi
P. Mangum for President.
If, therefore, it be contended that John Tyler wa
set up in trade by Whig capital, he must have begu
upon a pretty small amount of stock, and that quit
below par.
Tennessee gave her vote to John Tyler in 1836, nc
because he was the W hig candidate for Vice Pres
dent, but because he had been a supporter of Genert
Jackson ; and he received his support from a portio
of the old Jackson party, who had become Conserve
tires in principle, if not in name; else he would neve
have received the electoral vote of that State.
The whole populai vote for the several Presidents
candidates in 1836, was as follows, if our nuthorilic
be correct:
For Mr. Van Buren, 761,995
Gen. Harrison, 634,989
Hugh L White, 60,89*2
Daniel Webster, 42,247
Majority for Mr. Van Buren, 26,767
The popular vote of the W nig party, theretore, 1
183ti, was but 60,892, and obtained but two Statei
and 26 electoral votes. ' And in 1839, failing entirel
to nominate any Presidential candidate of their owr
they adopted the nominee of unother totally distint
party?certainly not a Whig candidate, and who ha
never been called a Whig: but on the contrary, ha
been opposed in 1836, by the whole Whig force oftw
States, and some sixty thousand voters, yet bealin
them all however by between five and six hundre
thousand majority !
The Whig party, therefore, never had it in thci
power to elect either a President or Vice Presideni
any better in 1840, than they had in 1836.
And hereupon we demand, for the third timt
What righthave Mr. CLA Y'Sfriends to eall JOH1
T YLER to account ?
Massachusetts' compliments to Virginia.
We cjip the following from an anonymou
communication in the Boston Courier. W
venture to say that the writer has a smile fo
these Virginians, notwithstanding his attempt
to stab them in the dark:
The Whigs came into office, and their coming i
was the signal for the action which they had promii
ed. It then became necessary to decide what tha
should be 1 This decision could be arrived at onl
by the comparison of opposite opinions and the cor
cession of some on one side or the other. Either
bank, or some substitute likely to answer the purpos
of a bank in regulation of the currency was to be i
dopted. And if those who had objections to a banl
bad no substitute to oner, it was but fair that tr.e
should yield them. at least so far as to withdraw thei
opposition. But did the discontented Virginia Ol
garchs do any thing of this sort 1 Not at all. Inci
pable as they were of suggesting any remedy then
selves, they were, at least, equally determined to r<
sist every suggestion made by others. And the}
with the hot-brained selfishness so characteiistic <
that school, were content to run the risk of piungin
the whole party in a bog, a thousand times deept
than their own Dismal Swamp, rather than to su
render an atom of their political transcendentalism.Sinre
the day of our National Independence, not
Virginian has ever proved himself worthy to take an
distinguished position in the management of thecoui
try's finances and the regulation of the currency
Set the entire pecuniary movement of the Uniu
tales must be kept in disorder and confVision, becaui
it pleases them to exercise their ingenuity in spii
ning cobwebs about ths Constitution.
An Irish paper very gravely assures us that &ce
tain Postmaster, having absconded, is removed fro
his situation.
re " EVERY INCH A WHIG." [ 1 ]
Tue Harhisbuhuh (P?.)Teleuraph, of the 17th
I- Nov. makrs the following grave charge against the
f- Madisonian, heading it in the following manner:
7 " 'Kveryinch a Whig.'?The Madisonian has aaid
_ that 'President Tyler is every inch a whig,' and we
have been asked to judge him by his act*. The following
facts, we think, will place him in his true light
before the American people."
Now this charge of calling " President Tyler every
inch a Whig," we suspect must have been wrongly
11 telegraphed, and wrongly interpreted. If any such
n expression has ever escaped our tongue or our pen, we
l- confess it was acandalum magnatum, and could not
have been made in our lucid intervals, and we shall
h therefore put in the usual plea in such cases?viz: that
h of insanity,?a malady, it is said, that is peculiar to the
politicians of this country?and what is more remark?
able, it is contagious!
We hqfln the Telegraph will show when, and where,
f and how we used this expression?which, we have
5 the most cogent reasons for believing we never used
? at all.
'l .
t In the first place, the figure is entirely unphilologi?
cal, and grossly catacrestical, when applied to a
^ "Whig," though it may be very proper when applied
g to a king, as the crazy Lear applied it to himself:
0 Lear. "Ay, every inch a king."
But, had we intended to pay any such compliment (o 1
e the President as we are charged with, we should have
r said,
e "Every drop a Whig I"? i
t because the metaphor belongs to liquid and not to long
measure?as we expect to show in the course of our
^ defence: henco, had we used the metaphor we should
have substituted "drop" for "inch."
As it is quite notorious the Madisonian has always
been known and recognized as a CONSERVATIVE,
it had no occasion to call itself, or any body it
supported, a " Whig." As to a political name, it has
always considered that the best and the only proper
name, that could be properly adopted by the supporti
ers of the Constitution and the laws, was a Repubi.
e We never were at all in love with the name of
Whig; and we have no belief that this name had any
particular spell in winning the great victory in favor
of Harrison. The charuo, if any were used, may be
found, we think, in the names of
Tippecanoe and Tyler TOO 1
But we have other reasons for not acknowledging
the Madisonian to be a Whig, and not charging others
with being Whigs, whom it undertakes to support:
The name of Whig originated with a faction, in
the Old World, and has never won any great honor in
^ modern times in the New, till it was surrendered to
1 Tippecanoe and Tyler too,
' and lost in the name of Conservative.
e We must consult the learned Doctors in EtymoloN
gy and Phylology. This is a desperate disease, and
require* a desperate reraeuy.
^ Let u> consult the learned Doctor Richardson.?
4t What aaith tbe Doctor 1 You ahall hear?
WKig, ox > flee W??T.* ApytUA to : to any
w Wig. > ?hum asado with whey.
y In Nottinghamshire,?a kind of bun or light cake
,e is so called :
M Some were dronke in lent of wig get and cracknels,
. and yet ye would not I truste that lent were for done! I
?Sir T. More. Workes, p. 198.
Having been longe accustomed to the old sour Whig
r- of Moses law thei could not awai with the must of
? evangelicall charitee.? XJdal. Luke, c. 6.
,e Now by good luck, I know not how,
There thither came a strange stay cow,
And we ha,d milk and waters;
18 To nine good stomachs with our wigg,
n At last we got a roasting pigg,
e This dyet was our bounds.
A poem attributed to Browne.
Whig See the quotation from Burnet. Dr.
} W higgish I Jameison mentions a MS. poein
i- Whiggishly j called, The Whiggamer Road into
k| Whiggism J Edinburgh, Nov. 1628. He also
cites at length from Burnet; and as follows from
n Woodrow:
l" The poor honest people, who were in raillery called
sr Whiggs, from a kind of milk they were forced to drink
in their wandrings and Btraits, became name-fathers to
all who espoused the interest of liberty and properity
11 through Britain and Ireland." Hist, vol i., p. 262.
A noise was made of arbitrary sway,
But in revenge, you Whigs have found a wny,
An arbitrary duty now to pay.
Dryden. Duke of Guise, Prol.
The Southwest counties of Scotland have seldom
eained enough to serve them round the year; and the
Northern parts producing more than they need, those
in the West couic in the summer to buy at Leeth the
stores that come from the North; and from a word,
Whiggham, used in driving their horses, all that
n drove were called Whiggamors, and shorter, the
b, Whigs.
Now in that vear before the news came down of
Duke Hamilton's defeat, the ministers animated their
'? people to rise and march to Edinburg ; and they came
:t up inarching at the/tead of their parishes with an unJ
heard of fury! praying and preaching all the way as
j they came.
The Marquis of Argyle and his party came and
0 headed them! they being about six thousand. This
g was called the Whiggamor's inroad; and ever after
(] that, all that opposed the court, came in contempt to be
called Whigs; and from Scotland the word was
brought into England, where it is now one of our
if unhappy terms if disunion !
Burnet. Own Times, 6. i.
Whoever has a true value for Church and State,
, should avoid the extreme of Whig for the sake of the
'' former, and the extremes of Tory on account of the
* latter.? Swft.
[Thomas Cox] was a physician in the Parliament
army, afterward fellow of the College of Physicians,
and President thereof, but being Whiggishly inclined,
was depiived of that office in Oct., 1083.? ll'ood.
8 Fasti Oxon. vol. li.
In 1685 fell out a controversy between him [Fowr
ler] and some of his parishioners, because, as they
g said, he was guilty of Whiggism, that he admitted to
the communion excommunicated persons before they
were absolved, &c.? Wood. Athena Oxon., vol. ii.
She'll prove herself a tory plain,
From principles the Whigs maintain ;
A nd to defend the Whiggish cause,
y Her topics from the Tories draws.?Swift.
a The author was known indeed to have been warme
ly. strenuously, and affectionately, against all allure
i- menta or ambition, and all possibility of alienation
t, from pride or personal pique, or peevish jealousy aty
tached to the Whig party.?Burke. Appeal from the
ir New to the Old Wnigs (1791.)
I could quote from fifty pamphlets, wholly made up
'* of Whiggiem, and atheism.?Swift.
Not Whige, nor tories they; nor this, nor that;
Not birds, nor beasts; but just a kind of bat;
A twilight animal; true to neither cause,
With tory wings, but Whiggieh teeth and claws.
? Dryden. Duke of Ouiee, Prob.
?Whey. 1 See Whig. Anglo Saion Hwceg:
a Wheyey. > Dutch Hey. Martineus (says JuWheyish.
) nius) suspects from the Latin, tTr?'
due as Whey is the watery portion of milk. Perhaps
. from the German, R'eicA,?Dutch, Weyck, maceratus.
sd It is applied to the watery portion of milk ; to any
16 thing pale, (as if steeped or sodden) as whey face.
How he shook the king,
Made his soul melt within him ; and his blood
' Run into whay! it stood upon his brow,
110 Like a cold winter dew.
Beaumont and Fletcher, Philaeter, Act. 1.
I. [WHOLE NO. 156
If it be fresh and sweet butter; but say it be sou
and wheyish I -B. Johnson. Staple o( New*. An
ii, ac. 1.
He told hie confessor with a tender conscience an<
great sorrow of heart, that he had broken the holy fas
of Lent by chance indeed, but yet with souie litlli
pleasure ; for when he was pressing of a new cheese
some of the wey started from the vessel and leaped in
to kin mouth I and so went into his stomach.?Bisho}
Taylor. Hule qf Conscience, b. ii. c. 3.
Immediate now
Her spreading hands bear down the gathering curd,
Which hard and harder grows; till, clear and thin,
The green whey rises separate.
Dodsley. Agriculture, c. 3.
Those medicines being opening aud piercing, fortify
the operations of the liver, in sending down Urn
iohayey part of the blood to the reines.?Bacon. Natural
Nor last forget thy faithful dogs : but feed
With fattening whey the mastiffs generous breed;
And Spartan race: who for the fold's relief
Will prosecute with cries the nightly thief.
Dryden. VirgilJ Georgies, G. iii.
The must, of pallid hue, declares the soil
Devoid of spirit: wretched he that quaffs
Such wheyieh liquors! oft with colic pangs,
With pungent colic pangs distressed, he'll roar
And toss, and turn, and curse the unwholesomi
draught !
1 Philips. CIDER, book, First.
The foregoing?all and singular?is our defence
against the charge of calling PRESIDENT TYLER
And if the party, calling themseltes Whigs, condemn
us, we shall appeal to the country and demand
a trial by our Peers /
A ATTPGTIAW A\T nrrfinwwrtv
^ ivn uii \j rvivn.ii I
The St. Louis New Era in quoting our five articlei
of faith on a " National Currency" (which we con
aider " indispensable elements") asks?
Does the editor favor a " currency" founded exclu
sisely on the plighted faith of the Government 7"
We answer, that we consider the 11 plighted faith o
government" as the highest possible security?and i
metalic basis the only sure basis, for a national cur
rency : And then, and then only, it will combine
I. Uniformity,
II. Safety,
III. Convenience,
IV. Convertibility,
V. and entire public Confidence.
The London papers, received by the Caledonia, art
disposed to view McLeod's case in rather a favorabli
light, since they cannot prevent what has taken place
They now think the British Government should cal
upon ours for indemnity for McLeod's sufferings am
imprisonment, &c., &c. Why, we have made him ;
hero ! and a martyr ! Is not this reparation 1 A;
more, the very hero and martyr of Alibis.' Think c
this. But if they insist upon having the amour?
stated and liquidated ; we will charge the burning <
the Caroline against McLeod's impeachment, and fil
it in offset in the case.
The Madteonlan, In giving a description and class
fication of the President's enemies, as well presses i
individuals, says " they are the same that were estal
lished, fed and fostered by the late U. S. Bank."Does
the " lark" of the Evening Journal hear that 1Albany
The Evening Journal is not one of the President
enemies, we should think ; neither is the Argus, if w
may judge fro.n its course since the " last veto."
The Next Presidency.?The Hartford Eagle, af
ter deprecating the premature movement of Genera
Scott for "the succession," thus speaks of Mr. Clay
We are not a partisan of Henry Clay, allieit Wi
are ever ready to accord him his just meed of praise a
an orator, statesman, and man of true genius. Wi
cannot cpmmend him for his prudence. We canno
conscientiously apologize for nis tenacious adhereno
to the falling fortunes of that most corrupt and demo
ralizing institution, the Pennsylvania Bank of th
United States. We cannot but censure the wickei
and foolish plot in which we are sorry to say he wa
engaged, to head "Captain Tyler, the President c
the United States. We cannot but condemn th
blind precipitancy with which he hurried on the lat
Extra Session of Congress, and that strange infalut
tion which forced on two vetoes, and dismembered
Whig party. He is not a skilful manager. He re
lies on talent ratkrr than tact ; and the result too ol
ten , the forcibly plucking down ruin on his owi
head, and on the prospects of nis adherents.
The next Presidential campaign opens too carly.We
are not prepared to give in our adherence to am
uentleman that has been named as a candidate.
Events may transpire within the next two years
which may unite the honest and democratic porlioi
of all parties on some suitable person, who shall allay
the storm of |K>liticaI strife, and bring back thi
country to something of the haimony of the halcyoi
days of Monroe. After a storm comes a calm.
From the St. Louis Bulletin.
Some time since we noticed a base charge again*
Mr. Cushing, contained in a letter written by one c
the pitiful scribblers of the New York Courier, ii
which was I he following remark :
" The Herald, the Court journal, heaped all th
abuse and insults which CALEB CUSHING'!
pen could indite, on the Secretary of State."
This letter was extensively copied by such paper
as the Louisville Journal, in the West; the Republi
can, in this city, also made a great flourish about th
" perfidy" of Mr. Cushing, and if our memory serve
us aright, published this letter, with .appropriate com
mcnts. Wo availed ourselves of the earliest opportu
nity to contradict the vile assertion. Yesterday w
received the following letter from Mr. Cushing, whicl
speaks for itself:
Boston, Oct. 27, 1841.
Dear Sir : I perceive, by your paper of the I2tl
instant, that some base and mendacious print at th
West accuses me of having sought to injure Mr. Web
?!er through the New York llerald. and I thank voi
most heartily for your prompt contradiction of this ca
lumnioua charge; and I beg permission to confirt
what you have aaid on the subject of the falsity oftha
accusation in all its paits and relations, and to ad
that, whoever shall impute to tne any purpose or a<
of injury to Mr. Webster, I pronounce every sue
person a liar and a scoundrel.
I am yours, respectfully,
To the Editor of the St. Louis Bulletin.
Prom the Charleston Mercury qf Nov. 20.
We have received the following account of the lot
of one, than whose death that of no public man 01
of our own State could have affected us with a deepi
grief. To Alabama it is the loss of a son and a leat
er, than whom she had none nob'er. South Carolin
will mourn him as a faithful and zealous friend?an
his country and the great cause of truth have lost i
him a vigilant, efficient, dauntless champion, while a
who knew him personally will remember him as th
faithful friend, tne strong minded, cheerful, frank an
generous man.
The Macon Telegraph of the Ibthinst says; "W
learn with the deepest regret that the Hon. DIXOI
H. LEWIS, of Alabama, died recently in the vicinit
of Mobile, of congestive fever. In the demise of thi
eminent statesman and patriot, the Republic has sui
tained a loss not easily reparable, and the Democrac
of our noble sister one of iheii ablest chiefs and brighi
est ornaments. We lender to our brethren of Alabi
ma the eipression of our deepest sympathies in thei
at boston, ELEVEN days LATER pron england.
Acknowledgment.?We are indebted to the
N. Y. Herald, Philadelphia Ledger, Philadelphia
Chronicle, N. Y. Tribune, Boston Evening
' Transcript, iScc.. &c , lor extras containing the
foreign news by the Caledonia. We copy the
j following paragraphs from the Herald :
b Great Fire in the Tuu>er of fjondon?Enor,
mous Fraud in Bills of Exchetruei?O'Connell
elected IA>rd Mayor of Dublin?Coittin?
ued depression in Trade? Pacific at ion in
Spain ?Revolutionary Plot in Belgium,
#c., 4*
The British Royal Mail steamship Caledonia, Captain
E. D. Lott, arrived at Boston on Monday evening
about 7 o'clock. v
Captain Lott has been substituted for Captain McKeller,
the former commander, for what reason we
, have not heard. The Caledonia brought out fifty
On the 2d of November all was bustle in the palace,
preparing for the approaching accouchement of
her Majesty. Sir Robert Peel's horses were harnessed,
all ready to convey the intelligence to town, if any
thing should happen, to inform all her Majesty's subiects,
if it should be another Princess or Prince of
W ales.
A plot to overtura the Government had been discovered
at Brussels, which created some alarm for a time,
but turned out to have been got up by a few officers of
damaged reputation, with the pretended object of once
more uniting Belgium with the Dutch crown.
Daniel O'Connell, Esq., has been elected Lord Mayor
of Dublin.
Another violent earthquake has been felt at the
t island ofTerceira.
The town of Dover had suffered severely from the
late gales. Nearly the entire beach had been carried
away, and nothing remained to prevent the sea washing
against that vast and stupendous cliff which Shakespeare
has immortalised ; and even here also the raging
I surf seemed fully bent upon destruction. Alargequantity
of several thousand tons weight fell into the sea
on Sunday last, bear the mouth of the railway tunnel,
and many other huge masses might be seen at a dis|
tance tottering over an excavated base.
The news of the acquittal of McLeod had reached
England, and appeared to create a good deal of salisfaction.
The 78lh Regt. are to proceed to China direct, instead
of relieving the 87th at the Mauritius, as formerly
, arranged?and the 50th to proceed to China from
' Calcutta.
x Twenty-two villages have been destroyed in Egypt
by the overflowing of the Nile.
A younger brother of the present Chief of the
Druses in Syria ia on his way to England, to be educated
in one of I he Universities of Oxford or Cambridge.
Sir Charles Bagot, the new Governor General of
Canada, who sailed with his suite from Portsmouth
in the Styx steam frigate, on the 21st ult. was obliged
to take refuge in Cork harbor on the 25th, during a
heavy gale from theN. N. W. The steamer put back
to Portsmouth on Monday the 1st instant, with en3
gines damaged. Sir Charles had arrived in London.
i The Q.ueen had contributed ? 100 towards the relief
of the distressed operatives at Paisley. H
. A life-boat had been upsot off the port of Blythe, H
and eleven lives lost.
1 The corporation of the city of Durham and the
a commissioners under the Durham Paving Acts have
effected two very great improvements in that ancient H
. city?namely, the enlargement of the market-place, H
" and the widening of the thoroughfare at the foot of H
it Claypalh. They contemplate still further improve- -H
ments. * H
. Nearly all the miners of Castleton, in Derbyshire, H
have lurned out, in consequence of the agents requii- H
ing them to work two hours a day extra for the same
wages. The rate of wages has been only 2s. 6d. a day, H
or 15s. a week. The plea offered by the agents for H
ii- the reduction is, that the mines have become too im- H
as poverished to afford an adequate return.
b- The Steamer Acadia arrived at Liveipool on the
? evening of the 29th ult. The news of McLeod's ac- H
? quittal caused an immediate rise in domestic securities H
of 5-8 per cent. H
, It is slated in the Sentinelle that fourteen Carlist
8 officeis were arrested at Bayonne on Sunday, and sent H
a off to Mont-de-Marsan, where they are to remain sta- ,,H
tioned. H
Sir Edward Lytton Bulwer has all but abjured
" novel writing, owing to the indifferent success of his I
I more recent works of fiction. He is now turning his H
literary attention solely to dramatic authorship. S
o We make the following interesting extract front a I
t detailed account of the conflagration in the London
B Times:
e By half-past 12 o'clock the conflagration hod reach
J ed to a frightful magnitude. It had extended < t hi ou
s the flooring of the small armory in the lower compart- .
if ment, occupied by the train of artillery, and those
e splendid trophies of England's glory so well known
e to the public. Prom this period the flames continued
I- to increase with such fearful violence that apprehen?i*mm
mire entertained that every part of the Tower
! would be overwhelmed and become a victim to them. ;9
["- Fire was to be seen gushing forth from every window
n of the building, which, had all the apjiearanre of the
crater of some volcano. The heat became so intense,
- that it was utterly impossible for a human being to
f stand on the broad walk between the armory and the
- White Tower, and before it was possible to remove
, the engines, some of them were burnt very consider a- ill
1 bly. At one o'clock the whole of the Clock Tower,
which had stood tottering for some time, together with
b a great mass of the roof, and some portion of the upr
pet heavy atone work of the building, fell in with n
tremendous crash, resembling the tiling of heavy artillery.
Immediately after this the flames for some
time increased their height, but assumed a livid hue of
a most unearthly description, and evidently blew over
in the direction of the While Tower, for which great
it fears were now entertained. It is curious to remark,
if that notwithstanding the intense heat which it had
ii sustained, the vane on the top of the cupalo of the
Clock Tower kept its point to the north-east, at which
it was [minting when the fire commenced, even at the ?, .
? time when the Tower fell in. All altenlions were
a now directed towards the White Tower and the
Church of St. Peter. The leaden water pipes, run?
ning from the roof of the former, were melted, and
j. the frames of the windows had already ignited, but a
e plentiful supply of water having been obtained, the ?
b exertions of the firemen, soldiers, &c., were directed
. to it, and it was only by copious streams of water he.
ing poured upon it, that it was rescued. The church
e is also indebted to the praiseworthy exertions of the
- officers of the irarrison and the soldiers under their
J ? ? - o
command, for its preservation.
The Jewel Tower next attracted the attention of
the authorities the wind, having somewhat shifted,
^ blew the flames in that direction, and its destruction
e appeared inevitable. On this circumstance reaching
the ear o! the Governor, Major Ellington, he instanlj
ly direeted the warders to break it open at all risks, se^
cure the regalia ami Crown jewels, and bring them
u at once to him. To effect this crowbars were found
to be indispensable. Mr. Swift, the Mastei of the
j Jewel Tower, who was sent for, was found to be in
possession of the key of the outer room only, the other
keys to these valuables being in the possession of the
Lord Chamberlain. On gaining an entrance much 1
farther difficulty presented itself in the removal of the
strong iron railing with which the diamonds, &c., J
were surrounded. After a lapse ot aooui iweniy, minutes
it was effected, and a moat extraordinary acene
preaented itself, the wardera carrying crown8, seep- -T
S. tree, and other valuables of royalty between groups of 1
soldiers, police, firemen, and others, from the Jewel
Tower to the Governor's residence, which is situated
" at the very farthest extremity of the green. None,
Jt however , sustained the slightest injury, and by dint
jr of the most proni|)< exertions the Jewel Tower itself
was saved.
j With respect to the amount or value of the property
1 destroyed, it is impossible, at the present time, to give
JJ an adequate idea ; it is, however, generally supposed
p to exceed ?1,000,000 sterling. I
Judge Upshur.?Fiom what we learn, the present
e Secretary intends to make the Navy worthy of our
V great republic ; and give us such an increase of ships
y of war as shall be recommended by Judge Upshur, at
is the next session of Congress, and we will have no
i- occasion to fear a war, come when it may. From
y what we have seen of the Honorable Secretary's
l. views, we think the country may safely rely upon his
i- placing that branch of the national defence entrusted
ir to him, upon a permanent footing.?PMladtlphia Am.
Stntintl. '

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