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THE MADISONIAN. WASHINGTON CITY. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1841. im those th1mos which a ee essemtul let theei ee unity?im mom-essemtials, ubeett } and in a li thinos chaeitt. Jiuguttin. fY Mr. Zsilen, of Philadelphia, is duly authorised to act aa our agent in that city. Persons wishing U become subscribers to the daily, tri-weekly, or weekly Madisooian, in Philadelphia, can hare the paper deli' livered to them by Mr. Z. free of postage. MEMBERS OF CONGRESS. Since our last publication we have learned the following gentlemen have reached this city: Senators White, of Indiana; Wright, of New York; and of the following Representatives; Mr. Osborne, of Connecticut; Mr. Mallory and Mr. Hopkins, of Virginia; Mr. Campbell, of Tennessee; Mr. Wallace, of Indiana; Mr. Slade and Mr. Young, of Vermont; and Fillmore, of New York. It would be an endless task, and as hopeless as the labors of Sysiphus, to notice the thousand rumors and fabrications which find place in the party presses of the day. As a general rule, they will be left to the correction of time and events. But there must be exceptions to the rule, where misrepresentations calculated to sow dissension among friends of the Administration cannot, from their nature, be contradicted by public acts. An instance of this occurs in an article of the Washington (Pa.) Examiner, republished in the Globe, of the 2d instant, referring to General Scott and the Secretary of War. The course of the gallant General in his i late publication was, as we are authorized to declare, without the concurrence or advice, or even knowledge, of Mr. Spencer, who, whatever may be his personal or official relations with the officer in command of the Army, has neither formed nor expressed any opinions or views respecting that officer's political position, present or prospective. The bitter abuse and false representations constantly uttered by the editor of the Courier and Enquirer relative to the President scarcely would excuse us in taking any notice of what may appear in its columns; but, lest there should be some one man in the Union misled by the misrepresentations contained in that paper of the 29th of November, we feel ourselves called upon to say, that there is but one statement, and only one, out of the tissue which fills nearly a column, which has the semblance of truth. Mr. Tyler was the advocate of Mr. Clay at the Harrisburg Convention; but when and where he made such a speech as ihis speech-makine Munchausen has caused him to deliver, we should like to be informed; and still more is our curiosity awakened to learn what celebrated stenographer took down his very words, and has written them out for the use of this unhappy dupe of an editor. We have always known that Mr. Tyler advocated Mr. Clay's election, and we have seen the returns which have been made in the course of the Clay press?the Manifestoes ?the denunciations continually uttered by his partisans?the burnings in effigy by his zealots k' nd devotees?in this mode a debt of friendship and gratitude is paid, and all because the President would not, to oblige the effigy Whigs? aye, that's the name?consent to commit perjury. The nomination was tendered to Messrs. Crittenden and Bell, was it, Mr. speech-fabricating editor? How was this done ? Tell us, thou wise historian. Come, unmask and tell us how. How could Mr. Bell have had any auch tender made him? Who made it, pray ? Mr. Bell was not at Harrisburg, nor was there si single delegate from Tennessee; and as tc Mr. Mangum?bah ! see how foolishly you have exposed yourself in all this matter! Mangum ^ declined it, did he??said he was sure of tht election, if he accepted the nomination?but hi was a member oj the Convention, and delicacy forbade his accepting the nomination. Aftei this, the editor of the Courier and Enquirer will be regarded as the greatest jnveoter of humbug: of the age. Know, gentle reader, that Willie P. Mangum was not present at Harrisburg, at all, and therefore all the fine speeches which Mr. Webb has put into his lips are of that editor's own manufacturing, And how much has all this been improved bj his correspondent in his paper of the 1st De cember? According to that writer, severalgen tlemen were nominator] flriilpndpn. Roll Proa. ton, Owen, all declined, and then the mattei was referred to the 'grand committee." Now will any one believe that " the grand committee' alone made the nominations of President anc Vice President?that after repeated ballottings which consumed several days, General Harri son was nominated to the Convention, and tha on the frst ballot which occurred for Vice Pre sident, John Tyler received the unananimou! vote of that "grand committee," Virginia ou of delicacy to Mr. Tyler, because he was i member of her delegation, declining to vote? ?ud on the same day the unanimous vote of tht Convention. Try again, Mr. Editor, and fabricate anothei treason why the u effigy burners" have a right t< dictate to John Tyler. If you want a solutiot of all this matter in future, go to the editors o the New World and of the Richmend Whig They are worthy compeers in the work of de traction. The first will inform you that Joht Tyler begged for the nomination, and plead hv . poverty, and the editorof the Richmond Whi^ will inform you that he was nominated because o his insignificance. A man plead poverty, for sooth, who having an independent mind, ii wealthier with a crust of bread, than the ejjig\ Whigs, with thousands in their pockets, am I whose insignificance recommended him for th< second office in the Government! This worthy trio may make themselves ridi culous, but all their bedlamite ravings can havi no other effect?and with this exposure of thei malice and assimnity, we shall have no furthe occasion to notice them. One of lbs Tuscorora Indians passing through Ca nada, a abort time since was asked by a tavern keepe where he was fiom, " Tuscarora, sir," said the roai f the woods. " Then," said the Canadian, "you an a Yankee Indian, eh 1" "Yes, sir, I am a Yankei Indian." " Did you know," said the Canadian, "tha there's going to be a war, and that we shall be ove end lake the States, and make tbem a British pro wince." " Do you think sol" " Yes, certainly.1 " Then, sir, 1 think you wae never a great ways free borne."? Bladt. I V I REFORM. That we shall traverse all the wards of the . hospital, to examine and report the symptoms of every disease it contains, we have not promised, because we were aware that we neither possessed the knowledge to execute the task, nor even i the opportunity of acquiring it. We have not ' said that we have detected abuses in practice, . and intended to expose them; our purpose is I merely to attract attention to laws, which are > plainly unjust, because unequal in their opera' tion, or which must almost inevitably lead to ' abuses. Nor can we promise to dissect all such laws, and expose their deficiencies. We shall endeavor to hold up to view the defects of some few of them, with the hope, however faint, that when the work of thorough reform is once begun, the zeal and energy of the Legislature, with the opportunities of acquiring knowledge possessed by it, may perfect the work. We did not intend at first to devote a line to the Departments in Washington. But as the abuses said to exist in them have been the stand ing object of Congressional reform and the never-failing topic of Congiessional oratory?we have, on subsequent reflection, resolved to suggest the plan of reformation in them, which we think necessary. What we deem the erroneous course pursued in all the attempts at reform, having been exhibited in relation to these Departments, we think that what, in our opinion, is the right method, will be more clearly comprehended by its application to the same objects.? We shall include, however, the Capitol in examination, and show, as we promised, that the members of the Legislature can find as much room for salutary change within the enclosure of their own halls, as in the buildings more immediately under the supervision of the Executive officers. Some years since, an honorable gentleman appended to the bill for the re-organization ofthe Land Office, a section requiring?by its intent, at least, if not by its words?the clerks in the Departments to work ten hours, one half of the year, and eight hours the other half, and allowing them two holydays in the year, Christmas and the 4th of July. We shall say nothing of the motives which, in all probability, gave birth to this enactment: we shall say nothing of its folly or the impossibility of its execution. We shall not ask, why some similar provision was not framed for the special purpose of compelling members of Congress to attend to their duties. We only ask, why it did not include the clerks, at the Capitol, as well as the clerks in the Departments ? They all hold a position somewhat analogous; and it was manifestly unjust to comprehend one class of clerks in its provisions and exclude another. Or is it pretended that a difference exists in the characters of clerks at the Capitol and clerks in the Departments? and that the members of Congress are overcharged with an electric phrfty of worth, which is communicated to all, who are blessed with the privilege of coming in contact with them?and therefore more reliance is to be placed on a man who holds an office in the Capitol, than on one who is an humble drudge in the Executive offices? We have perhaps expended too many words on this preposterous law, and we bid if farewell. As a preliminary to the suggestions we intend to make on reform among the public officers at Washington, and to demonstrate that the investigations should begin in the Capitol and only terminate in the Depaitments? we ask how it has happened, that amid all the fury of reform, the Door-keeper to the House of Representatives?besides what is technically, we believe, called the chances?receives 31,500 per annum ' salary, while the Messengers in the Departments, who hold a similar situation, and from whom, in fact, more mind and intelligence are 1 required, receive but six or seven hundred, with1 out any of the chances whatever. Upon what principle of equity is the law framed, which gives not only to this officer of Congress, and ' to the Postmaster of the House, and to all its 5 copying Clerks, the same compensation of 31,500 a year, while the Messengers, and the copying Clerks of the Departments are, in ge' neral, considered by the members of Congress 1 as too amply remunerated by the paltry sum of : six and eight hundred dollars?and are almost condemned by them as peculators on the public 1 Treasury if they enjoy for their labors an income of a thousand. By what rule of justice do the copying Clerks of the Capitol receive 31,500 a year, while men in the Departments, " who, employed in duties requiring both intellect ' and knowledge, are thought to be too highly remunerated by a salary of twelve or fourteen hunr dred. But a few of the principal Clerks get ? 31,600?while the pay of the rest ranges from ' 31,000 to 31,400. In the Capitol, however, no ' matter, it seems, what may be the amount of ? mind to be exerted?whether little or srreat? even if but a puerile manual skill is required, the Clerk in the immediate employ of the members of Congress is enriched with $1,500 per annum. We do not pretend to suggest any scale of remuneration?we do not assert, that the gentlemen in the Capitol are extravagantly compensated?of what ought to be paid to the public officers we do not presume to judge?but we say, that if fifteen hundred dollars are not too much for a Messenger in the Capitol, it cannot be an extravagant salary for a Messenger in the Departments. We also say, that if fifteen hundred dollars be not an extravagant compensation for a copying Clerk in the Capitol, it cannot be an enormous remuneration for a copying Clerk . in the Departments?nor is such a salary half of what is due to the intelligence and labors of a Clerk,?no matter where employed?from whom talent of a higher order is required. We think that we have, in the few preceding / lines, sufficiently demonstrated, that the mem1 bers of Congress may commence their investie gations of reform at home. If the salaries at the Departments arc too large?those at the Capitol are enormous. If the latter are equitae ble, the former are not sufficient to obtain the r services of men ant) talent sufficient for the dur ties expected from them. But we have' already extended this article to p a greater length than was at first intended, and r we shall defer to another occasion, suggestions J which we intended to make on the graduation e of salaries. t ?r r A Vctcran PaoPCMoa.?We reepectfully invite - the attention of the Secretary of the Navy, and Congreee, to the communication from "A Veteran Pro11 fesvor," in another column. There appears to ua to be tome justice in hie claims. THE MESSAGE-THE CURRENCY. f The President's Message, we are sorry to observe, has been unequivocally condemned ir several places already. Never, perhaps, was i document handled with more harshness by cer tain editors in New York. The 44 Fiscal Agent,' particularly, (all the details of which they have supernaturally enough obtained,) is the subjeci of unmeasured abuse. Section by section they have torn it to pieces, and have actually buckled on their armor for another wordy war againsi the Executive. And all this is done before thi Message is -written t Truly, it would be a difficult thing to satisfy the ultra men of either party. If they condemr an Executive document before it is written and published, what are they likely to do afterwards ' But seriously, are such political monomaniac! worthy the notice of the President, whom they wantonly slander, or the people whom they strive by every device to deceive? Will any sensible man, Whig or Democrat, be surprised or offended, if the President shall always regard Oll<*h Hoonoro In ^amo/rn/*nas nf /vain norfv with indifference and contempt 7 If they denounce a measure before they have any knowledge ol what it is he intends to propose, it would be perfect folly to attempt to conciliate them by any other scheme than just the one they would die tate themselves. And this would be impossible, simply because the ultra presses on either side demand their own peculiar favorite system or institution. Recent experience, it seems to us, should have taught these irritable Solons that all theii denunciatory breath or ink expended on the President can have no effect whatever. Their objections in advance, will hardly induce him tc blot a single line,?nor will he be likely to add s paragraph for their especial benefit. Having borne the very worst things they could say o! him, until they ceased from actual exhaustion, it is not probable that the fear of new terrors will bend him to their will. But the case is different with the moderate and well-meaning portion of the community.? These, it is the President's duty to please, and doubtless it is his intention always to exert himself to that end. These, be their parti/ appella tions what they may, have a right to expect and to demand such things of the Government as they really need, and the Government has nc right to withhold them. But all things should be done deliberately and wisely. If the President recommends such measures as he believes a majority of the People stand in need of, his duty so far is discharged. If his enemies have the power to prevent their enactment, and ex ercise it, he is not responsible for the consequen ces involved in their defeat. But if they are nHnntP/1 thpn Ko ia onnniintQKln fnr fKpir aolntarvi ?r?, ? " ? ? ?<" ??J effect. We trust there will be more moderation ir C?Bgm?, than is exhibited by the ultra party presses. " Mr. Tyler has turned traitor to his party," say tin Whigs. Indeed ! We thought if the Whigs sue ceeded, we were to have a "President of the peoph not of a party."?Bridgeport Farmer. The ultra Whigs say he <4has turned traitor,' but nevertheless the people will find that he is their President, the denunciations of a few ex travagant cliques to the contrary notwithstanding. The strictly party men on both sides?those whose aim is personal reward lor vociferous partisan warfare, and whose end is the punishment of defaulters or the disgrace of official stations?whether ultra Whigs or ultra Democrat? if their expectations of preferment are founded merely on their political opinions, in place oi honesty and capacity, may designate the President by what term they please, but they will certainly have reason to be convinced thai he intends to persist in his straight forward course " without fear, favor or affection." The President cannot please every body?he does not expect it. But by guarding the Constitution faithfully, and administering the laws . impartially during his term of service, he will at all events discharge his duty, and thus evei please the silent monitor in his own breast. Without an inward consciousness of having . done right, the applause of the world is of nc value. But if the Chief Magistrate of this great country is governed solely by the dictates of duty, guided by the landmarks of the wise patriots of the Revolution, he will, he must, in the end, win the plaudits and confidence of all honest citizens. Then what inducement is there for the President to err wilfully ? He will not be the President of a party, exclusively, and the people will be convinced of it, That the men whom he may select to fill the various offices within his gift will be identified with some of the political divisions that always - exist, is inevitable?because almost every man of intelligence, in a Republic like ours, assumes a party name and advocates certain measures. But we have good cause to believe that his favors will never bestowed on any class of partisan brawlers, because they are such. Nor is it reasonable to suppose that he will appoint men to execute the laws, who openly denounce the head of the Government and resist or obstruct the operatiou of the measures of the Administration. It would be a monstrous absurdity il he did! What would be thought of a General who selected bis sentinels among the enemy 1 The President being personally responsible fot the acts of his Administration, it would be a strange policy indeed if he were to select such subordinates as would thwart all his intentions and disregard all his commands. But there are an abundance of reasonable men. thouch thev be politicians, to answer all the wants of the Executive, without having resource to any particular set of demagogues who make it a business to abuse him. 11 The Madieonian. This Journal, the organ of a Whig Senate," Ac.?N. Y. American. The Madisonian is no more and no les? the organ of the Senate than of the House, and holds the same relation to "both your bouses" that other journals do, which are published in this metropolis. It was " Thomas Allen," and not ,(the Madisonian," who was elected Printer to the Senate?" the Madisonian" has no connection whatever with that office, and receives no benefit from it, either directly or indirectly.? The Madisonian is not responsible for Mr. A1 len, in any sense, nor is Mr. Allen in any sense, responsible for the Madisonian. The office of Printer to the Senate is "divorced" from the political press, and to that extent, a 5rominent principle, professed at the late Pteaitntial election, nas been carried out. " If President Tyler be not a Whig, we beg leave to ask, wbat is he? This is s question which the Whigs of the United States surely have s right to ' ask, and if the paper at the seat of Government, I i which affects to apeak the sentiments, and eiplain the views of the President on political topics in general, be not disposed to answer it, they will seek elsewhere for an answer. ! We say that President Tyler ie a Patsiot?if this I will not answer, We say he is the Pieaident of the ' People, not of a party. But if he must have a parti| san title, we do not hesitate to say that he is not an i ultra- Whio. The Federalists have termed him "trai. toi," &.c., and have sought an affirmativa response " elsewhere"?but the answer of the People proclaim, ed him Patriot. If there is still a lomcwhere eltt for them to seek an answer to their liking, why, let them I resort to it. We had thought that the ultra Bank Whigs had done their worst already. If there be more, let it come. i ; THE MANIFESTO MEMBERS. The "Manifesto members" of the 27lh Congree#t who left this city some few months since, breathing 1 anathemas and death political against President Tyler, | with a few exceptions, have again resumed their ist sponsible posts. The country in the interim has pass* , ed through another convulsion, more strange and more l> revolutionary than thatof 1840. What feelings must pervade the bosoins of these gentlemen, since the "tremendous certificate" of 18411 The Extra session, with its crude and equivocal enactments, has been clearly and unequivocally coni demned. The ultra Whigs received their final politiI cal death warrant?and the President, who read the Federal Constitution as expounded by Mr. Jefferson, has been nobly and triumphantly sustained. I Such is a simple epitome of the startling events of the last few months. We now ask of the more ultra of these gentlemen, with all possible regard for the laws of modesty, What has been accomplished by your heated zeal in the cause of one so obnoxious to the American People as your chief 1 How have you succeeded in your ill-managed crusade against the genius > and principles of the Constitution, the rights of the masses, and the sacred sovereignty of the Slates ?? We press the question home, and earnestly request > a plain unvarnished answer. Has your opposition to the Executive been crowned by triumph or digraced > by defeat,?how stands the case beioie the great pop. . ular tribunal 1 Has not misfortune met you every I where, defeat become your constant companion, and the very elements conspired to proclaim your overthrow and entire disbandment as a political faction 1? Has not the cause of your opponents prospered and become finally victorious, while decay and decomposition have been actively at work in your own ranks, destroying the strong and giving life to the weak 1? And, lastly, has not the President, whom you attempted to immolate on the altar ofyour vanity, conceit and malice, been endorsed and approved by a large majority of American suffrages, and cheered in the most flatter, ing manner by the moderate and tolerant of both parlies 1 Who, then has "headed" the Executive 1 We seriously advise you, gentlemen, to re-consider your rashness and repent your folly; forsake the image ofyour blind idolatry, cast off your partialities, bury your prejudices, and with unity, concord and zeal, support the Administration, if not for the man, for 1 the principles he professes?for the Constitution he re' veres, and the common country he lov?*s and adores. Smooth your ruffled brows, calm your excited tempera, abandon your dissolute associates, and forthwith ! become worthy citizens, free in the exercise of your , opinions, but temperate and just in the expression of them. ENGLISH OPINIONS OP THE PRESI1 DENT. While certain presses in our own country are proclaiming John Tyler ,l a traitor to the party," what say the presses of England of his ! statesmanship and his patriotism ??of his en. 1 lightened regard for the rights of the British na tion, and of his high sense of duty as the Chief Mniristrnfp nf the American flnvprnmpnt 1 d * i Hear what the London Spectator says upon I the seizure of Grooan, by the Canadian volunf teers ; mark its sentiments upon the ruffian vio' lence and outrages on the frontiers ; and observe the tone and language with which it speaks of ' the conduct of the President; but, above all I things, mark the unsparing rebuke and the severe denunciations with which this journal visits the misconduct of the British authorities : " The President of the United States issues a proclamation avowing the disordered state of society within his own juiisdiction, threatening the lawless with the terrors of the law, and entreating the peaceable to "frown" down the secret societies and the overt pillage of arsenals. And we, who cannot keep our own quasi-military troops in order?who cannot oblige the officer to respect the royal commission which he holds and who have our public gaols prostituted to the vagaries qf a band qf kidnappers?laugh at President Tyler for the weakness of his Government! The British Government has not, so far ks we know, even endeavored, like Mr. Tyler, to control the piratical lawlessness of its own subjects by admonition and warning. The Caroline affair itself arose out of a violation of territory, and we have suffered time to creep on without warning the aggressors of the consequences of their acts until another case has arisen. It were well, at least, if the Governor of Canada imitated President Tyler's declaration of the law. At peace, and united in the common object of repressing outrage, on whatever side, the two great countries might crush the half-barbar zed tuffiuns, who, under cover of defending each, brave the other; but while futile jealousies and punctilios give to the two Governments the semblence of hostility, it remains in the power of a few backwoodsmen and borderers to plunge two empires into an unwelcome contest, which must double the burdens of the Biitish tax-payer, and saddle the American citizen with a much dreaded national debt?to say nothing of private ruin and misery. BANK FORGERIES. It strikes us that in many cases of successful Bank forgeries, the officers of the Banks themselves?for a consideration?may have lent their aid to the knaves who have presented the checks. If their bondsmen were made answerable in all cases, we think there would be fewer ! forged checks paid. We may be wrong; but we think suspicion is no less a virtue in this , case, than charity. Bead the following, and judge for yourselves: i Forgeries,?The Philadelphia papers notice the perpetration of some heavy forgeries in that city.? The National Gazette slates thai a bookkeeper in the I employ of Eyre & Maasey, oil merchants, No. 38 South wharves, ofthe name ofEd ward Maurice Pitcher, is supposed to be the person who committed the forgeries. A-check on the Farmer*'and Mechanics' i Bank lor 5000 dollars; another on the Bank of North America for 4000 dollars; another on the Bank of Pennsylvania for 2500dollars; another on the Bank of Philadelphia for 1500 dollars, and one on the Mechanics' Bank for 500 dollars, all signed Eyre & Masaey, have turned out to he forgeries. Tneae checks were presented at lbs counters of the vatiou* banks on Tuesday last, and were all paid. Pitcher was at the counting-house of his employers on Tuesday morning, hut bae not since been heard of. This is the aame individual who, with hit brother, George Pitcher, was committed to tiie County Prison in August, 1840, as the accomplices of the notorious windier Brooks, alias Quanlrell, now in the Cherry Hill Prison. Pitcher has been in i he employ of Eyre A Massey about a year, but they were not aware of his connection with Brooks, having had a good recommendation with him. As he had access to the checkbook, there ia not the least doubt but that he is the person who hss committed the forgeries. LONDON KEEPSAKE FOR 1842; The London Picturesque Annual for 1842 Are this day received, for sale by F.TAYLOR, both not up with their usual literary excellence and beauty ol pictorial illustration j for sals at New York 1 and Philadelphia prices. |noe 18 Tat Courjrr A Enquirer of the 3d instant, republishes an article "on the eetablishmeot by the Govern- 1 ment of a specie-paying institution," which we copied * from the New Orleans Daily Advertiser, and (by ( mistake, we presume,) gives the Madisonian crsdit for it. Will the Couriei &. Enquirer have the good- 1 ness to correct this mistake 1 No doubt it is an innocent 1 one. To use its own language, "Let us not fall into an error we have determined to avoid, that of condemning before we hear." We acknowledge the receipt of the "Southern Literary Messenger" for December; among the admirable articles (this number is equal to its predecessors) wc find a sketch of the Honorable A. P. Upshur, Secretary of the Navy, and a notice of his writings. The extracts given ot the honorable Secretary's review of Judge 8tory's commentaries on the Constitution, prove that he is not only well acquainted with the nature and system of the Federal Government, and all the lights reserved and granted by the States, but that he is one of the most accomplished scholars in the country. The author of the article, though it is principally comprised of the extracts referred to, also exhibits palpable signs of extraordinary talent, and a facility and felicity of composition not often met with in magaxines. If he is the editor, we should like to know his name. At a future time it is our intention (a OAnv tkis av<i/>la ?V VWJ/^ ?U? Hi UVIV* Communfcatfona. FOR THE MAD180MAN. PROFESSORS OF MATHEMATICS IN THE NAVY. It is a favorite reproach in the mouths of foreigners that notwithstanding our boasts of the universal diffusion of education among our citixens, there is scarceIj any country?with the exception of our prototype England?in which learning is so little respected and its labours so vilely re war led. In its application losome divisiona of our country, we can hardly deny that the reproach is founded in truth. Among many of onr citizens tho name of a teacher is a term of contempt, and if we may judge by tho advertisements appearing in the newspapers, the compensation considered adequate for an accomplished instructor of youth is so low, that an accompliehed cook would consider the offer an insult. Could we ascribe the limitation of the salary of a teacher to the poverty or penury of individuals, we could escape the bitterness of the reproach ?by a reference to the cause?which certainly could not implicate the character of our citizens generally.? But unluckily we have no such apology in this part of the country at least. We frequently see advertisements from commissioners or trustees of public schools offering employment to a teacher, and enumerating the various branches of knowledge with which he must be conversant, and at the same time promising him the munificent income of three hundred dollars. Such advertisements are by no means unfrequent in the papers of this city, and are sent to I hem 1 believe from the adjoining States. With these publications before us, can we asrert, that the business of education is treated with respect or liberality. I have no intention, howevet, to dwell on.numerous facts of this character, which could be adduced. They present, indeed, a reproachful picture to our imaginations, when triumphing in the boast of the universality of education in these United Slates; but we allude to them to manifest that the profession of a teacher is by no means so highly respected as one might suppose, and to account in some measure for the fact, that even in the laws of our General Government, there seems to be a disposition to undervalue the character of instructor. 1 take this time, to draw attention to this evil, trusting to the learning and liberality of the present Secretary of the Navy for an effort to correct the evil. If you will examine the law of JS35, regulating the pay of the officers of the Navy, you will perceive that while all the rest are entitled to receive duty pay and leave pay, sea pay and shore pay, the Professor of Mathematics alone is allowed no compensation whatever, except while actually on duty. He is ranked among the officers, but enjoys none of the privileges of an officer; while all the others, from the senior captain, who may be generally considered on the retired list, down to the rawest midshipman, who is receiving tho ludimenls of education at the expense of 1 the Government, receive a certain salary, whether on 1 duty or not, whether serving his country or indulging his own pleasures,?the poor Professor receives no j LUIUUIIBOIUII AO All UUll'CI, KII'J 19 ?J*J% p?IU A l^Clll CAUVpV for service* actually rendered. True, he is a non-combatant?and so is the chaplain, the surgeon, and the purser. He is subjected to as much hardship and privation as they are ; and yet, after the fatigues of a long cruise, the chaplain, the surgeon, and the purser enjoy the relaxation their health may demand, in the certainty of a salary sufficient for their support,?while the moment the cruise terminates, the pay of the Professor ceases, and the expense of his recreation must be defrayed out of the savings his prudence may have enabled him to make from the pence of his actual labors. What Is there in the nature of the duties of the purser to entitle him to more consideration than the Professor?except his opportunities of amassing more wealth 1 And shall it always be so among us? Shall wealth alone, or the power of accumulating it, always command more respect than talent and worth ? View the case as you please, it is clear that the Professor has the same title to a commission and all the privileges of a commission as either the chaplain or the purser. If not, what reason can be assigned for the discrepance, unless that the profession of education is the most contemptible on board our ships. 1 could dilate much more on this subject, but I am unwilling to be a trespasser on your kindness. 1 will add that, situated as he now is, the Professor has fewer advantages than any man in the Navy?no matter what may be his rank or situation. I shall trouble you but with a few more words, for I wish to be as succinct as possible. A proper liberality of encouragement on the part of the Government towards the cause of learning, requires of it not only to place the Professor* in the Navy on a similar footing as to pay with the others, but so to fix their rank in the service and their position on ship board, that they need not be made necessarily the equal associates of those whom they are called upon to inktruct. According to the ^ present system, not only are they treated with injus n tir*n Kut thnir anrvir?>i im ramlersil a I mnal nneUao T not thla subject worthy the attention of the Secretary and of Congreaa 1 A Veteran Paorxsao*. Neto Yorfc (Correspondence, Nkw York, Dec. 3. 1841. The moat brilliant weather haa aocceeded our thirty-aix hour a' anow aiormot Sunday and Monday, and the New Yorkera aeetn to have inhaled new life and apirite from the bracing air. The city ie rruaical with ( aleigh belle, and the noble avenues thronged with gay ^ partiea of aleighera. Thia ia th? amueement of ihe day, and the Spectacle of the Obatquiee of Napoleon the entertainment of the night. Thia gorgeou* affair u waa produced for the firat lime on Monday evening, and waa received with the strongest demonatrationa of ^ delighted eurpr.ee and gratification hy a crowded audience. It comprieea all the incident* embraced in the jieriod, Inclusive, from hia exile to the depository of hia aehee in ita laal re-ting place in the Cathedral of the Invalida. The Spectacle ia grand and iiupoeing tt beyond deecription. The funeral car ie twenty feet li in height, an exact copy of the original one, and nothing ean be more magnificent in ..oetly decorations. ,, The whole panoramic tnelo-drama, ae represented, |s v Iivided into five parts or acta. The fitei scene w NaM>leon'? abode at St. Helena; then comea a rocky itninence near Longvoood with Napoleon (who ie ineljr repreaenled, in face and figure, by Charlee Maion) standing upon the cliff gazing at the sea, and nictitating and soliloquising with hie deeiiny; then ia .he acene in Napoleon's death chamber, and kit death I r wenty years are then supposed to elapse, and a scene ipens at the tomb of the Emperor. Then comes the Jiahumation of the body with all its interesting and eolemu details. Then the cmbarkment?the quarter deck of La Bells Poule (which but yesterday left us) the Chambre Ardute in her cabin where the body reposed during the passage to France. Then comea a splendid panoramic view of the river Seine?with the magnificent Egyptian funeral galley?the arrival of the galley at Cuubsvoie? a grand aalute, Aic., Ac.? Then the acene opens in the Champ Elyses with the funeral procession, precisely in the order of the real. In the centre rolls along, to solemn tread of the soldiery and the martial music fbr the dead, the gorgeous rar bearing the remains of Napoleon, ,draw a by sixteen horses, covered with cloth of gold and adorned with white plumee. A velvet drapery depends from the sides; the top is supported by statues (or figures) is surmounted by an imperial crown, and covered by a mantle of velvet. It would consume my wholo letter to go further into the details of t..is really magnificent and imposing affair; which,to those who wcro not present to witness the leal obsequies, convey a correct and imposing ides of this solemn and extraordinary funeral spectacle. Several of the officers of the Belle Poule who witnessed the rehearsal of this ecenic drama, have borne flattering testimony to the truth and fidelity of this panoramic illustration of the interesting ceremonies in which themselves bora so distinguished a part. This spectacle will probably bo the great attraction for the ensuing month. The Park, Chatham and Olympic are doing every thing in tbeir peculiar styles to compete with the Bow ery, and the lectures put in their claims for the entertainment of the intellectual portion of the community. Snowden's " Ladies Companion" is just issued. L is an interesting number, ornamented with a linely engraved plate of the Capitol, and a portrait called "The Maiden." The literary matter is good. Among the contributors, I see the name of Mrs. Anna Cora Mowatt. The eloquent Mrs. Stephens, one of the most chaiming of female writers, has an admirable story in it. Mrs. Stephens has reoently associated herself as one of the editresses of Graham's popular Magazinu. In book literature I see nothing new since my last. B shop Hughes has come out with a " Bull," as the Herald not inaptly terms it, in reply to the address I havo before alluded to as having been presented to him from a public meeting of the Kornan Catholics who defended his recent interference in politics. It is published in the Sun as an advertisement, but Bennct, with his usual liberality in putting important matteis before the public, has published this extraordinary document under some very sensible editorial remarks. It is the most extraordinary bulletin of the age, and will create no little sensation. A synopsis of it cannot be given in the limited space of a letter. It must be read to be appreciated as it should be. It is signed John Hughes, Bishop of Basilkpolis alias New York. Dr. Spring delivered a very excellent Icclur*. last evening befoie the New York Library on the circulation of the blood. He advanced many new facts, and his philosophical theories were well received. The audience was composed two-thirds of ladies, who here form the majority of all the assemblies but thoso that are political. The St. Andrews' Society of this city gave its anniversary dinner last evening at the City Hotel. Lord Morpeth was one of the guests, His lordship, if he likes public dinners, hae well timed his arrival here. What with those given to the Prince, and those given by the societiee, he is likely to have a pretty good idea at least of convivial society in Gotham. Lord Morpeth is a clever ofT hand speaker, and has made three speeches within the week. During the dinner, the chairman proposed hi* lordship's health, which being drank with "three limes three" and enthusiastic applause, he rose and made a very happy reply. 1 have room for but one extract to show his ityle and manner. I take it from a very cloac and sble report of it in the Herald. Tne dinner, to unJerstand the point of the apeech, it muat be borne lu mind waa given by a society of Scotch gentlemen. " Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen?I came to America rather with a view of gaining a little repose from every sort of public exhibition, and with the hojie of being able to leave my jioor patches of rhetoric to keep dry on the shelf till ray return, and therefore it s with some surprise that 1 now find myself upon my egs, for the third night running, before a crowded luditory, in the city of New Yoik. [Loud applause.] However, gentlemen, the kindnrss?the extreme lindntss with which you first invited me and have iow welcomed me to your hospitable feast, as well as he high and useful objects which gather you around his boaid to partake of it, seems imperatively to call in ms for a few words, and very deep feeling of gratemi acknowledgment. (Renewed applause ) Though ndeed I am rather at a loss to make out my title to bo 10 considered, I cannot pretend?to my misfortune 1 ipeak of it?to any claim founded on Scottish birth >r blood ; nor even on the superior good foitune of laving any Scottish property 1 (Laughter and cheerng,) 1 might, indeed, pass myself off as a "bordcrir but then the rights under that character were not dways of the most perfect tenure. (Renewed laugher.) Many a foray, and many a raid, were then iho irder of the day ; and my direct ancestor, who went jy the name of "Belty Will," did not leave a very peaceable reputation on either side of the S. ottish order! (Great laughter.) But other timca havo :ome, gentlemen, and the beacon fires blaxe no longer in your native hills, nor steel-clad warriors encounler each other on y?vt plains. And as it is on tho banks of the peaceful Teviot, so let it be across tho broad Atlantic I (Great applause.) There is a noble Pole in this city who lectured at :he Mercantile Library Association last evening on tho iharacterof the Polish Revolution of 1831. A very ashionable audience listened to him with great deight. Major Tochman distinguished himself, in this evolution, and his name was familiar to Am*ricans ong before he chose America for the place of his exile. 3e is a noble looking gentleman, and speaks English vith fluency. He is at present a Professor in the colsge at Louisville, where he is very popular and highly steemed for his gentlemanly qualities and high liters* y attainments. This is his seoond lecture here on Poland. The spirit of the letter of the Secretary of the Navy tpon the subject of the Raritan has been much liked ; nd also the circular of the Postmaster Geneial to his igents. They breathe a piomise of good things yet 0 come to pass In those departments. Several of the members of Congress art in this city, in their way to the Capital, and others daily coming, rhe number of strangera at the hotels is far greater han is usual at this, season. Business has increased 1 fifth since the sleighing, which is still good every where but in Broadway, which looks like a highway to an posed of paste blacking. Although we have had o much snow, the weather has not been very cold, fhe rivers are ftill open ; and preparations are making y preparing ice-boats, to keep open a thoroughfare to ludson, if possible, throughout the winter. The Ohio Life and Trust Company has bought p its bonds, which were advertised for sale to-day. There will be a steamer in the last of the week, hen we may look for interesting intelligence from ngland. his feared great riots may have occurred, riginated by the staiving condition of the working lasses. Yours,' Hvoson. A New Article.?Some bod v in New Jersey has pen manufaciuring indigo. It is a curiou* composton, which seems to be made of plaster of Paris slid ys flour, with a small modicum of PiUssian b ue, nough to color it sufficiently. It is moul led into the irm of Indigo cakea, and the whole thinly i?a ed nth the real indigo.