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Chicago tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1864-1872, August 22, 1864, Image 2

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(tfijicago tribune.
MONDAY, AUGUST 22. 1864.
fHE CHICAGO TRIBUNE”
flew e ight Cylinder Printing
Press.
)647 A.'N U 4.
A SUKVKY
TK£ TBlSUfifi OF TO-D&Y.
7hc development and progress of ,a city.
It its monetary, mircantilc. commtrciftl,
oicuufccturing, elucalluoal, moral and rell
g»oue features, is pretty certainly and accu
rately measured by the character oCits local
journalism. The advancement and improve
ment of a town and its ne»spapcrs arc fully
euro to he In psmlH lin-s, and neither will
much outs'rip nr lag bcluni the other. This
is Uie standard by which outsiders gcnerallv
dtUmiac the charaKer of a town. They are
pretty feurc to he wn index and a reflex of
each other.
W.iat tills city was whim the Issue of the j
firstnnnihir of the Chicago Daily-Tribune }
clmlU-ngcd *he cob#.lder.-.non'and patronage \
ofitscUlzcDfi, tlie mouldering and decayin' I
jiwee?* years has sc-rcely driven ;
from iluirr* collection. In people It scarcely |
numbered sixteen thousand,white in matcri- I
•1 «** vcU'pmnit it showed nothing like a i
► force. To-d-y the footings of 1
Ji- \;l*l strength would yield at 175 000, |
%\h le Us mouttary and commercial weight |
beyond its vital force;’*!
hi j i e might add that its present edu- j
cailon&l, moral and religious advance
Alls not behind Be monetary and'
comtrerclbl strode, Si-vcotecn years ago
a comparative sm&B, lo thr-woods town,
with no OiftincUve.teitnre to marc it above
its follows; to day It stands acknowledged |
pre-MiitLCtl ;■& the gieat grain, ;>ork, b cf I
•and lumber market ol the world, and wc |
might atfd, also, ntJiroad centre. The euc- j
•cufrire and rapid steps by «blch It hfs 1
reached this pre-eminence, is but r history j
ol the rise and progress of the Chicago \
Daily Tribute. Launched on the tids of I
experiment on lb* 10th of July, 1817, with j
lem than. fV.ur hundred subscribers, it now [
numbers hundreds where at that time it j
counted units, ur-d with a rdi’.tre material 1
progress In ©very other respect cqaaL
The accififiwi to our esUliliehmenM which
la&ngumtcs its inburs this morning, of one
of B. M. Hoe’s latest improved eigbt-cylio
der printing machines st-eu-s anappraprlvte
period lor a retrospective glaocc at the his
tory of the Chicago Tribune. And in do
ing so, it would bt a false mod* sty on our
part, which we are not willlog to assume, to
attempt to the pride aud eatiafactioa
wc iecl in tbc prosperity of which this im*
prt-ven-ent is * logical and visible token.
Blov.iog oi.’c’a < «•« Lom Is au amiable wea 1 -:-
D'fSj unless it haipecs to uleturb the •■qui
-tfr.iiy and ewc-el repose of one’s neighbors.
«v our Cvefl we sr« qui*e kutc none Cin
t>> distu'bec or offended, for at least one of
n-ur t-uoiber Las practiced tbe same weak
ii' rH whlun a brief period
The CHICAGO Daily Tribune—by that 1
annus—comuici-ccd existence, in the third
story of a hniHlnc, ou the corner of L.kc
uf-.d Lasalle streets—a single room answer
ing luc Uljde purpose* ot counting-room,
editorial room, and printing office,—ou
Thursday. June 10, 1817. Its originators
were Jame* Kmxv, now a successful leather
dealer atS£3 Luke street; John G. Wheel*
SB, now proprietor of the Dial at Kewonee,
Henry county ; and Jo K C Forrest, at
present 'Washington corr'-spnudent of the
Chicago Tribune, the latvr giving Ws at.
tention more jiarticularly to commercial
trailers, Vrblch, in large t; pe, filled about
onc-quartcr of a coluum of each Issue. The
dimtnslOLS of the Tribune were 22 by SO
Inches, set in brevier type, advertise meats
in minion.
To Mr. Kelly belongs tbe credit of origl*
Bating, or at least suggesting tbe publica
tion. Be was the owner of the Gem of the
/VflitiV, a weekly literary journal, which ho
had a abort time antecedent purchased of
Mr. Thomas a. Stewart—afterwords aid
for several years, holding a proprietary and
editorial Interest in the Tribune. His ides
was to start a daily, from wtneb he could
make up the weekly GGetr t regarding the for
mer as in a mt attire szcondery to tbe Utter,
in point of public interest, and as a finan
cial measure. Here was muen consultaMon
and dlscusrk-n upon tbe feasibility ol the
project; probable receipts and expenses
wertsclosely estimat'd; vbe sized thfclty,
(then comparatively a villa?-*,) ana the fact
ibatthere were then two sickly d*Ul-s. striv
iL-gto carntbclr bread, were not without
their' Influence against tbe project Still
another, ana tbc heaviest drawback was the
- fact tbtt tbc i artics po.-se-sed Httlc or no
capital. But i mid all tbe dLconragrmpifc?
the projector* dctermln* d co go ahead—ld
flncDOtd to a certain by the Idea tb'it
they might gale somc-'hing, while it was evi
dent that they lad not much to lose. So J
mud) being fixed, tbe next mutter in course
was a name for the new diurnal. M*ny were
sugcesicd. Mr. Forrest proposedthe name
ofTfiiBUNS, and it ft us at once accepted by
tbe other partners. Mr. Wheeler, like ma
ny other of our Western ccitors and news
paper men, was h graduate from tbe office of
theNtw York Tnbviv, and, of course, that
fact influenced him in favor of that name
As re have already stated, -tbe first edition
of tbe Dailt Tribune ever issued numbered
four hundred copies It rss“ worked off”
on a Washington hand press, one of the pro
prietors being tbe pretsmon. In politics it
was Independent, with strong Fm-Soll sym
pathies.
Tbe editors salutatory says; “ Oar views,
in all probability, will sometimes be coinci
dent with tbc conservatives; sometimes we
maybe fonndlntbo ranks of tb? radicals;
hot shall at all times be faithful to humanity _
—to the whole of humanity—-without regard
to race, seclicnal dlnslous. party.lines, or
parallels of latitude or longitude.*' The
motto under tbe editorial was;
** Men of thought I be op and etlmox,
“Nlehiand day;
*• Sow the teed—'withdraw the curtain
“Clear Uic way,
“ Men of action! aid and cheer them
Aajeinßy.”
'J he start was made not without tnonv mis
givaigs, ard the Usconragcmenta seem to
increase as time progressed. Mr. Kelly
wau almost immediately Incapacitated fjr
laborer business, by a serf jus effect! an of
the ty«t?, and be was thus forced to with
draw' from the concvm on the 3UU of July,
just fourteen d«ys after be had commenced
an enterprise in which bo felt a deep inter
est. Thomas A. Stewart, whoa few weeks
before suld to Mr. Kelly the Gem of the
Ptniricr t succeeded that geutlcmau, and he
remained in that connection fjr about
years.
On the 27th of September following, Mr.
Foruest severed bis connection, Messrs.
'WHm.rn and flxnjrAUT remaining proprie
tore, the former gentleman being recognized
ea &*« editor. At this point a crisis in the
history ot the Tribune was reached;
Mr. Forrest w*s quite sure it
oould not be sustained; hence his
withdrawal. Messrs. Wheblkb and Stew
art had their doubts; but finally concluded
to continue it lor a few weeks longer, under
the inflnei.ee of a Micawber-llke that
“something mUht turn up” to “dtftr the
w»y ** It is worthy of remembrance, that
while the proprietors were greatly embar
ntacd by the want of means to meet their
dally expenses, the pnbllc,tnd oven the more
particular frluida ot tfto proprietors, labored
. binder tire delusive impression that they were
joining money.
uaiuioads.
The day the Teibuke was started, there
•• ps not a mile of rail-ay within the raalns
>f one hundred miles of Chicago. Tne near
track was at Kalamazoo, then the west
ern t(radons of the Michigan Central,whence
Chicago waa reached by stage and steamers
coomctiLgw tli that rood. At the lime that j
corporation bad hardly seriously discussed j
the feasibility of continuing their road to |
this city. New Bullalo waa surely regarded '
«b llm western fermions; the idea then con- |
trolling the judgment of railroad men, and j
nearly all otuers, that it wonld be the height j
of aoentoitr, and sure to end in fimnclal j
rohi, for to attempt to compete ;
with steamboats on & route where the latter '
could find navigable B’roms tor their ope-.j
cations. At that time the evaporation of the I
CUi-ago D< loc Badroai possess- \
*4 a charter, and it w*a doing its utmost In j
P M pl° subscriptions to the ;
M noTv ßtoCk * “**• B. OODEK,
“i™ "><D President of the
Iran- I
portnolUcs to P T T
through the preeo, I
. «vkb waa made the cii«e,,.i i ’ IT; 11
ucctlon tre must relate a wene'wlilfc 011 ' :
enrred In tUTßjnona office, S.a^\ e w’
tils day ia atrongly Impress./ unon V
'memory. not*iUwlw»dlna; tUe mjaiiacaUoUl
of time. It Wrt on the 4th of Ang ai t M“ 1
. The booia for anbacriptiona to the eepitj
-t ock of the Q & C. U. a, U. were to bo
opened on tbe lOrb lost, at various points
■i. the line of the contemplated roii Mr
Ogubs came Into thr Tbidome office, in com
. paay whh several friends, for the purpose of
making an appeal through Ita columns to the
people interested to come forward and aid
the work.. lie eat down to the editor’s pine
table and commenced fits work. After
writing two or three pages, hearoseaudread
them to bia friends, and quite a large cro vd
who had gnlhcrcd in the office. At the com*
pletion of the reading, the manuscript was
passed to the compositors to be put in type.
Mr Ogden then sat down, and produced
three more urges, with which ho went
through the same pre cess, and thus he con
tinned to do until the article, about oue col
umn and a half in length, was completed
Wo cannot resist the temptation, to giro a
few of tbC more prominci-t noints which Mr
Ogden enforced in that article:
“One or two shillings or more p-r bushel
would he added to the pries of cv.-.ry bu-hil
of wheat raised bv the farmers on tbc route,
and other’products would he affected lo lit*
proportion. The facilities thus afforded
would, es a coneeqnccce, double the value of
every furtr. on the route of Tie road.”
“Ttc great Increase of wealth and popnlit
tkn along the route, so certain to- result
from the construction of the road, rdditr r so
grratij to the social advantages of the p- ; o
pic and country through which and n?.\r
which it would pass, and the Increased com
fort and relUf from fatigue, exposure and
expense, by bring able lo travel in a com
fortable covered car, from the Fox, Bock or
Mississippi Rivers to Chicago, in two to four
or six hours, in all weathers, instead of oc
cupying several days through deep mud, as
e now oitcc necessary, are considerations
not lo he forgotten by the public lu deter
mining them in their conclusions as to the
amount to be subscribed for ”
The n ore active participators in theefforta
to put through the road were William B.
Ogden, Walter L. Newberry, J. Young
Scammon, Charles TV'alker, ThomasDteb,
Johnß. Turner ci this city ; Thomas Drum
mond, (now Judge Drummond, of this city,)
cfGclcia; Thomas J. Turner, of Freeport,
&c Tbc (’climated cost of the road was
(148. COO, (*r $14,553 per mile, siuele track,
vltn bridges for a double track. The income
of the road, for the first year, was estimated
at follower
T<!NNACB I’EOH THE WE«T.
"CUCO leueloadaud copper.... ..$3^,023
Wheat, Jlour. &r., 2,000.000 bn. ..100,001
Cotz), cau, bar'oy. potatoes, Ac lO.OT’O
Perk srd i’.tVJ) txtaa S.«ioo
Inrd, l.utta, &c 2.0D3
Wool, hidcf, &c 0,033
Maiuf-cmne. &c 4,C00
\V <»d, coal, £ • 4,003
OU'crarUcicf
TONNAGE EBOJI THE EAST,
G.OCO.CTO feel lumber,
fchlxgtft l , lath. Ac...
Mtrriiiiraizc, &c
&j](, Imu', «vc
Fafpeupers
Malle. &c
Total Income,
This was the Hitt irtrodnetion of the rail
road system Into Chicago. How it baa
spread, and wbit it has done for Chicago, is
Known to all.
Cu ttif 21st ol August, eleven days after,
Tun Tribune published a congratulatory
article, also, if we recollect aright, written
by Mr. Ogden, stating that (he corporation
Iwd met with a success oeyond their anticl
jatious, in tee amount of subscriptions
wldcLhat* bv.cn received to the capital stock.
OOMPLIMCNT
Outf-eSCd of August, & bountiful top-sail
schooner of ISO toes, was launched frorfi the
shipyard of Capt/m Allen, an^she was
c> liefein d*• Tribune. 3 ’ Sbe was owned by
G. F. Foster, J- N. Davidson, G. SI. Iliggin
eon and Cant- Heed, her commmdcr. This
wa* intended os a complimentary tribute to
the cba'ocier of the Tribune.
MERCHANT EXCHANGE.
Or* the Ct’» of September, the subject ’of a
Merchants 1 Exchange orßoird of Trade was
first discussed in tbc Tribune, the writer
believing that tbc business of the city wpuld
jurtifj the formation of such an orgaaiziMon
or irstilntiou.
AN .NZIDEjiT
At the period of which we arc writing,one,
tud a prominent s. urce of intelligence from
ibe on'&tac world, was St Louis. The most
j attractive field ci news was Mexico, as the
j war with that disturbed and unhappy coun
; try was then lo tail blast The latest Intel.
! licence from that field of operations almost
[ invariably ezine np the Mississippi to St.
j Louis, and thence up tbe Illinois river to La
■ etllc, arid thence to Chicago by stage, the
; Illinois and Michigan Canal not having yet
been completed. As hearing a si.nificaot
relation to the above facts, an incident has
.Leer related to ns by an old citizen, which
will certainly be rcgirdcd by all
who know the parties as charac
teristic if not tru?. It transpired
about the time cf the first apfeiiancc efthe
Chicago towc. Altseo Dutch auil
John Wentworth, published rival dally
papers —Chicago Democrat and CAicoyo Cb-n
--i r.trcfa? Adic?t«Nn These rival editors els
what vas regarded then, as remirka
i b;c spirit end activity In their humble way
| in obtain!; g the latest intelligence from tbe
war, which was always ioiurcriately given to
tbe feeders in extrx\ A gentleman who
came up from 8t Louis one day, by river
and stage, brought wlt& Lira a paper from
that city, coatainlts late ar-d important*:
m-v s from the scat of war. This gentleman
was the friend of Mr. Dutch, and determin
ed to make him the exclusive recipient of
the ne r. s. His house, however, was not In
the direction of Mr. Dutch’s office, and he
banded the St. Louis paper to a friend, *ho
was to pass that way, to, give into Mr.
Dutch’s band. This friend had no personal
acquaintance with tbe rival editors. -At the
hotel he r; et Mr. Wentworth aud tbe 1 itter
inspecting be was a passenger from St.
Loulf, asked if *ueh was not the ftet, audit
be had a late Bt. Louis paper. The £eutle
m&n responded that he was from that city,
and han ala'c paper; and then asked him if
be was Mr Dutch The Colonel “ smelt a
mice,” and replied that he was that same
man. The valuable newspaper was handed
him, and an extra Democrat soon made its
appearance, which sold like hot cakes.
GEM OF THE PRAIRIE.
From the commencement of the Daily
Tribune, the <?*»» of the Prairie was made
up from It, and was recognized as the weekly
Issue. It was then printed in folio form,
same as the Daily Tribune, but on tbellth
of December, it “made up” in quarto shipe,
and so continued net!! the Weekly Tribune
U ol its place, of which more hereafter.
big purchase of wheat.
The Daily Tribune, of Friday morning,
September 24, records the purchase of Jive
ihun, a-.d and i7>ue lurdnd bushels of wheat,
winter and spring, on the ’Wednesday pre
vious by the bc-nse of Raymond, Gxbcs &
Co , a*, d characterizes It as the largest pur
chase ever made by atiuglebouse in onoday
in Chicago. Tic price ranged from C9to 70
cents* Most ol H was shipped the same day
for the Es-et.
HOUSE RACING.
On Ibe Sib of October, an advertisement
was tent to the Tribune, with the money
to pay for It enclosed, giving notice of a
hoisc race to take place, oa a wager. The
editor acknowledges the receipt of the
money, and advertisement, but returns them
to the tciidir, saying' that u horse racing oa
the wbf le, is a bad businees—that it neither
aims :.t and accomplishes any good cod.
while lb** eiils which attend It axe great and
rear ifest,”
PROGRESS.
Jai nary 1,1848, tbe editors of the Tribune
confirm tulated their friends that although the
Tribune, a little over six months previous,
had been conuceocrd mainly with a capital
of Industry and Hope—“with occasional
xnlagivmpe as to the result, and an abiding
acnee of the disproportion between onr own
capacities and the Immense and never-end*
lug work before ns, and although the battle
had but just begun, we have achieved such
a measure of anccess as to keep na In work
ing condition. 1 ’
FIRST TZL'EGZXVII.
The first magnetic telegraph line eatib
listed in Chicago was the Erie and Michigan.
It commenced working between Chicago
ard Milwankte on tbe 17th of January, ISIS.
Tbe followitg Is the first dispatch sent over
the line. It came from Mil waukt e:
“Mr. Cbxheb acmdshib ccrJial greeting to
bis biclbrcn of the press of Chicago, and
hopes that «s Milwaukee and Chicago are
united i r - tbe game chain, tbe press ma? never
fcrgtt that the cities of the Northwest arc
one in destiny, and should be one in feel
ing.”
On the same day, the follow!c-g dispatches
passed between tbe two cities:
“Milwaukee, with’her 14,000 inhabitants,
sends gicetlrg to h<r fair sister of Chicago,
with her 17,C00. and requests her to clew the
track to allow her to pass.”
To this Chicago immediately replied:
“Chicago, with her 17,000 inhabitants, will
soon have her railroad track cast to the At
lantic, atdw'tt to the Mississippi, ccleat* t so
that the 14,000 citizens of their slater city
can have cv* rj possible facility for passing,'*
On the 4th cl February, the above line waa
extended to Michigan City, On tbit occa
ticn thofollowingdispatches passed between
3!ilwaukt-c and the former place:
“The old Mllwaukeans send you their
compliments,, and hope Michigan City and
Milwaukee may hereafter be as close to
gi tber as lightning and steam can make
Uitm.”
“Michigan City to Milwaukee—May her
‘thoceacdF of trick” enable her to distance
all competition with her sister cities of the
Lakes.”
TELEGRAPHIC DISPATCHES.
The first telegraphic dispatch to the Tri
bune, from the East, came on the 22d of
March, IS4B, and contained the announce
meat ol the Bevoluticn in France, b/ which
LcnJs Philip was dethroned. *
PRESIDENTIAL PREFERENCES.
On the 14th day of August,-1818. the Tri
bune hoisted the names-of Martin Van
Boren and Charles Francis Adams as candi
dates for President and Vice President, in
opposition to Gen. Zachary Taylor aod Mil*
lard Fillmore as the Whig candidates, mid
Lewis Csss and Wm. O. Butler, the Demo
cratic candidates. Toe Van Burea ticket
stood upon th platform of “ Free Soil, Free
Speech, Free Labor, aod Free Men.”
NEW PAETNEESHIP,
Auputt 23,1545, John L. Scripps, one ot
Hie present proprietors of ths Chicago Tri
ltne, purchased a third interest in the con
cern, and the firm was chingdd to Wheeler,
Stewart & Srripps.
TELEGRAPHIC ENTERPRISE.
December, 6th, the proprietors of
the Tribune announce tint they have made
“such arrangements with the sgcots of
O’lUilly’s telegraph line as wpl suable us to
fumkh the procicdings of Congress, and
other news of importance, to our ciUze *a
di'Uj,” and the Lour of publication of the
Tribune, wcs changed to 11 o’clock a. m.
WEEKLY TRIBUNE,
Up to February Ist, 1819, a weakly edition
had beet, egcc up from the daily Issue under
the name cf G<r-i of At this
peri-d a new weekly extra was commenced
under the title of Weekly Tribune, and has
teen Cvntjnued under that title to this day,
with an indefinite life before U.
LARGEST CIRCULATION.
On Friday, May 14th, the advertising of
the List r*f Letters was awarded to the Daily
Tribune as having the largest circulation.
In fact, tha-/\ was no competitioa. When
wc state that the circulation of the Tribune
U'ca was less than one thousand, some idea
moj be termed of thccirculstioc of the three
other daily pa: era then published here. The
list of leiicrs was published but once a
month, ar«d were rrquiicd by law to have
three euccetslvc insertiona. The monlu’s
list at that time numbered about one third
ihc j r»sc-ri weekly lief, and embraced all
tbc ,4 crop lettue.”
a disaster.
May 12111.1819, the office of the Daily
Texeuke was cntirtly 'destroyed by fire.
Through the kioduess of their brethreu of
the press ot this city, they viere enabled to
rcturnc on Thursday, the 14th, the location
of tie office being temporarily over the
grocery store of J. IL Gray, north-east cor
ner of Clerk and Handolph streets. The fi rc
ws-s supposed to be (he vork cf Incendiaries,
“political incendiaries,’'tin editors thought.
There wanau Iceurauci of $2,1C0 on the office,
which “amply covered the loss.” In coa
nC'tllon with this disaster, it may not be out
of place to state that the bookselUug firm of
Giigp.a, Cross & Co. presented the editors of
the Tbilunf. w:th a new copy of Webster’s
qntrto Dictionary to take the place of the
ope lost. The Dictionary still occupies a
plue of hoior on the table, some
what dlißLidaled, but good for miny
mere jetra’ service. We med hurdlyodd
tbatthcßßOSs rained in the above firm Is
William Bross who now Is and husbstn
for the past twelve years “ one of us.”
ANOTnrnhiEiiovAL
106,000
.$13,r00
.. 8,030
.. 20,000
. 1,203
£47,003
.15*3.0(33
.83.000
.393 030
Above we stated that the Tribune, after
the fire, Wfisremoved to the northeast corner
of Clark and Randolph streets, us a tempo
rary expedient, On the 4th of Jaae follow
ing, it removed to the northwest corner ot
Late end Clark streets, where now &t>n3s
the buildingoccupled by the Second National
Bank, end various offices, etc., above.
NEW TYPE,
On the 15th July following its destruction
by fire, the Tribune appeared in entirely
new ty pp, obtained through Robert Fergus,
from New York, and pr. seated a very taste
ful tppcarance, especially when compared
with the very shabby habiliments iu which
It paid Us diurnal visits to its patrons from
the time of its disaster up to this time The
editors then began to see their way more
dearly, and considered themselves In tbc
pathway which led to the broadway of
success.
THE PACIFIC RAILROAD.
Then, as now the Tribune took the lead
in advocating, inaugurating, fostering and
putting forward all new enterprises lacking
to the advancement and prosperity of tbc
Crezt Northwest. Daring the mouths of
September and October, articles In favor of
the great Pacific Railroad wore published iu
its columns. During tbc time namzd a con
vention In favorof the measure was called
and held ot St. Louis. Meetings *rere held
Ip ihi? cllj in favor of the measure, in which
fvr leading citizens took aa above part.
Rev. Mr. Adam wreto » pamphlet la favor
ol ite measure, which was esteemed very
strong, a&o copies of it were circulated by
tion raised front citizens.
ANOTHER REMOVAL.
May, 1850, the Tribune office was again
rcmovfd to 173 Lake street. Masonic Build
i'g, 2d floor the old quarters bccaalig too
circumscribed for its uses.
ENLARGED.
Jnnel, 1850, the Daily Tribune was cn~
Isrpcd by ibe addition of another column to
each page, and the lengthening of the col
nmts to correspond. Da' dimensions after
the were 20 by 40. Tbs editors
ic announcing the enlargement say: 45 This
change wc bare been compelled to adopt to.
scccunmodatetbe rapid increase ol onr ad
verlhlug patronage, and to enable ua to give
mere space to news, co.*r-me. , cial matters,
and the various subjects of general concern.
Ve deem it proper to say, tbit, for pecu
niary reasons alone, the Tribune has, so far,
fallen much short of what vc regard 03, the
ideal ot a newspaper in this age of unexam
pled progress. Meantime we shill, as here
tofore, Übor faithfully to that end.”
HOTEL ARRIVALS.
About thcSOlb of June, 1850, the Tribune
commenced pnbUsbing a list of hotel arriv
als. Toe names of several of the priuclpil
hotels at that time will sound strangely to a
large majority of our citizens. First la Ini-
an opinion from the num
ber of Us guests, was the City Hotel, then ns
cow, a popular resort. Next follows the
New York lienee. Mansion House, American
Temperance House, Baltic House, Merchants
Excbfcnpc Hotel, &c. The modern Sherman,
the Turnout, Briggs, Richmond, ani Adams
were then merely chaotic stone, brick and
n ortar. Even the architect of cither bad
not commenced bis labors.
CIRCULATION i
On the 21st of August, 1840, a little over
14 months after it was started, tec proprie*
tore placed under its editorial head its aggre
gate circulation—dally and weekly editions
—atO,7GB. This figure was obtilncd by mul
tiply ing the daily by six, and adding
thereto the circulation of the weekly,) and
on the occasion published a congratulatory
ttticle, in which the editors stated that
“notwithstanding the commencement of the
Tribune is of a more recent date thin any of
its cotemporaries with which It was in com
petioc, cur circulation now surpasses them
all. 1 * The editors lutthcr soy that they are
determined to make it in evrej sense worthy
of the city ct Chicago .and the great North
w«fef. For a year nothing was said in Its
columns in regard to the circulation, but on
_tbt 21st of July, 1850, .the publication was
resumed, and continued until -Oct. 1551, us
follows, dally;
1550 duly 21 .I,l2oll3sl—June 2 ,1,511
Aog. 8 I,lto| Jane 4.... .1,354
.Aair.ri» l,i?j| Jute 4 ,1,014
Ocu )v I,l*o I July 26 .i,7»
1551 Mnv 2 .1,3211 Oct, 1 .1,800
May 21 V7#l
Whst was then - considered a rapid in
crease of the circulation of the Tribune
of ccurse excited the envy and jealousy of
its cotemporariea. John Wentworth, of the
J)aVy Ibn.rfTct, disputed tne truth of the
number circulated, and an angry dispute
arose between the two paper*. Finally Mr.
Bioes, now of the Tuilune, bat at that time
of the firm of TVrglit <fe Bross, proprietors of
theFairte Me:aid, who owned and ran the
power press (of the Adams pattern) on which
the Tribune was printed, certified, in an
affidavit, to tbe tru:h ot the claim.
DEATH or GEN. TAYLOR.
About the middle of July, la 1800, the
death of President Taylor occurred. A
meeting was called in this city* to express
tbe sympathy atd condolence of the people
for the nation’s loss. At that meeting a
resolution was passed, requesting Abraham
Lincoln, who was then In Chicago in at
tendance upon the Supreme Court, to deliver
an eulogy upon tbe deceased patriot and
ttauerntn. The'reqnestwas complied with,
and the eulogy was delivered by Mr. Lincoln
in tho presence of a large and deeply inter
ested audience. The Tribune commended
the eulogy in high terms. This event baa
nothing to do wuh the history of the This
toe; but it is a reminiscence which will in
terest onr readers at this day.
TTTI9T ANNUAL REVIEW.
Tbe first annul R' view of the Trade and
Commerce of Chicago appeared in the Daily
Tribune ot Dtccmbcr 27,1850. ’The three
greet sources ard avenues of the commerce
of Chicago at that time, were the lake, toe
Illinois and Michigan canal, and the Galena
and Chicago Union Railroad, the western ter
minus then being Elgin. Darin* that y ear
the receipts and. shipments of grain footed
upas lollows:
. Ee:«lpto. Shipment*.
Wheal, h0... 1,186,481 KS^ii
C<rr. * 2GI.SW 242.265
Barter “ 94.863 92.872
oS» “
Flour, bhlt TO,tW 100j9»
THE EIGHT-CTIitNIjSB HOB PRESS.
Tc-dsyttcabovcu-amactions would hardly
be cozsidered a fiir week's business
MP. wnCELEH RETIRES.
On the Ist day o! July, 1851, Mr. John E.
Wheeler, who was one of its originators,
withdrew froir. llso Tribune, much to the
regret of Lis associates, having disposed cf
hie interest to Mr. Thomas J. Waite, who as
fumed the bufinesa management of the con
cern, Messrs. Bcripps and Stewart remaining
us editors.
Mir. SCRIPTS RETIRES.
Frcm the retirement of Mr. Wheeler, as
related above, until the June fallowing, no
change occurred in the management of the
Tribune. On thbt d»y Mr. -John L. Scrlpps
sold his Interest to a number of the leading
Whigs of the city, >vho acted in belnlf of
General William Duiucc Wilscu. now a well
known and r.-si cctrd citizen 0110 *a. Mr.
Stewart took the position of local and com
mercial tdi’or, these two doputtucnU, at
that time scucely affording sufficient labor
for one man. To-day it takes nine per
sons to fill the two positions. Geo
eial Wilson became the political editor.
Up to this time th*e Tribune had never la
any way been committed to tuc policy of the
Whig party, but hud been, on the contrary
a recognized orgm of the Free Soil organ!-
z-.ticu, as Ibeir principles were enucciatcd
in the “ Buffalo Platform.,” upon which Van
Burix aud Adams were nominated for Pros),
dent ard Vice President. Gen. Wilson being
a Whig, the Tribune under bis management
sustained the pollcv of that party; and it
immediately hoisted the names of Gen. Win
field Scott for President .mil William A Gra*
briu of North Carolina for Vice President.
Mr. Waite con'iuuid us publisher of the
Tribune, and the firm was styled Waite
& Co.
SEW TYPE AND ENLARGEMENT.
Ou the occasion of a cbiiogc intbecdltorhl
department, as mentioned in ttm paragraph'
above, the Tribune was enlarged to the di
zneuslonßof 23 by 44. It also appeared ou
new and beautiful type, Brevier and Agile—
from the foundry of Jons S, White, of New
York. The Tribune at Uat time was mil
vcisslly acknowledged to he the handsomest
paper in the West. The experiment isau
ingasheeiot that size, HadwUh the lirge
lanonitt of mattrri at that time, when Chi
cago had just risen to the so°**? °f * city
of £O,OOO Inhabitants, was regarded by all ca
an extremely hazardous one.
CHANGE or HOUR
On the 2tUb of July, 1853, the hour of pub
lication of the Tribune wus changed from
afternoon to morning. The price was raised
from 12J£ to 15 cents a week. A small after
noon itsue took the place of the regular after
noon edition.
DEATH or MR. WAITE.
August 2Cth. 1852, Mr. Thomas Waite,
one of the proprietors of the Tribune, and
In charge of the publishing and business tie
psrtment, died, of cholera, ugeu23 years. His
death was sudden and unanticipated.
Bis health had been somewhat imputed, aud
he was about starting on a journty. tan fo
recuperate it, vhen bo was suddenly stricken
aowr, more .immediately ifflnet.ccd by a
lotg Walk to his homo, in a broiling run, the
day prtceoing his death. Mr. Waits was
highly esteemed by bis associates and all who
bLCW him.
THE LATEST NE»’S,
On the Cth of October, 1803, the Tribune
published a leading editorial, and re pub
lished it daily for some time, which said that
“ without took lug any t special fuss about it,
wo have thus far been enabled to present
our readers the latest news of the day, bo-h
foreign and domestic, as cari% as any of our
city cotcmcorarles, and sometimes twenty
four bouts In advance of them. Finding that
one line of telegraph could not be relied
upon all for all tub news received fa this
way,-the Tribune was the first press In the
city to employ another Lixc, and althoagh
it involves considerable additional expense,
wc do not regret it so long as oar readers
appreciate it, as we have the best evidence
that they do.*' The editors aonounco that
they have suffered much for the lack of print
ing puss facilities, hut that they have se
cond the control cf a power press until
their new from the East.
another change.
After the death of Mr. Waite, until Octo
ber 20th following, his name remained at its
htad as publisher of the Tribune. At that
date Ur. Henry Fowler purchased the in
terest hfld by Mr, Waite’s heirs, and as
sumed the position of publisher and associ
ate editor with Gen. Wilson.
WAR AGAINST WILD-CAT BANKS.
Early in January, 1853, the Tribune com,-
merced a crusade ogalost the wild-cat enr
rtney, which was then largely clr .nlated In
this city and vicinity—particularly that issued
by George Smith & Co. The war was a
savage and acrimonious one. The C<»n;ncr
cial published by Alfred Dutch,
esme to the rescue ot the owners of the
wild-cats, and charged the Tribune with
being bought up by certain bankers, nlio
were not In the “cat” business. A letter
was sent by the publishers of the Tribune
to the Advertiser denying the charge lu em
phatic terms. The latter published the let
ter, but reiterated the charge. The result
was a libel suit against Mr. Dutch.
A BURGLAR—FI !
t On Wednesday night; January 12, 1853,
some person entered the press room aod
knocked one of the Tribune forms Into pi.
From the warm controversy going on be
tween the Tribune and the wlld-cat bank
ers, ihe inference was a logical onethat’ibc
ettrage was the work of the opposite par
ties in the controversy.
A reward was offered by the proprietors of
the Tribune for the discovery of tae per >e
tritor. The reward offered failing to bring
detection, a number of the most respectable
citizens joined in sending the proprietors ot
tbe Tribune one hundred dollars to be of
fered as an addltiboal reward. In this letter
to the publishers, they say, “We feel that
any attempt to Intimidate the conducted of
a free press, or to hinder or prevent the pub
lication of a newspaper which is pursuing
an honorable and manly course, should be
promptly met end defeated by all good citi
zens, and none the less promptly because the
attempt is made through the underhanded
means of an assault upon the ‘unoffending
type*” The letter is signed by Edwin L.
Lamed, Edward L Tinkliain, H. G. Loomis,
A. 8. Sherman. Speer & Cooper, Edwin
Bunt. Isaac N. Arnold, John £l. Klnzie, A.
N, Fullerton, T. W. Wadsworth, B.’w. Ray
mond, Gurdon 3. Hubbard, Joseph F. Rjer
son, John P. Chapin, J. B Doggott, W. H.
Brown, J: H. Denham. Williams & Avoir
E. B. McCagg. C. L. Harmon. These nanus
embraced mebers of both political parties.
TRI-WEEKLY.
In the early part of 1863 the publishers
commenced the issue ot aTri weekly edition
of the Tribune. ItFssofthe earaeslzeo
the daily. It has been continue 1 until this
hear, aid bas tc-day a larger circnlution
thin all three editions of the Tribune when
it was started.
OEN. WILSON RETIRES,
Gen. Wilson retired Jrotn ris connection
whh the Tribune cn the 23d of March, 1853.
He disposed ot his interest to Henry Fowler
& Co. The means for tho purchase of that
InUxest Wtre supplied by Timothy
Wright, Esq., now residing in this
city, and General (then Captain)
J. D. Webster, now caret of staff to Gen.
W. T. Sherman, and these two gentlemen
became silent partners in the ownership of
the establishment. The names of Henry
Fowler and T. A. Stewart were taken from
the editorial heads of the paper and none
other substituted.
AN* EPISODE—A CHALLENGE.
Doling the autumn of 1858, the Pope's
Hondo, Beadini,-visited this country in a
sort of ecclesiastical semi-official ombassa-
d« ri l character. In company wl -h Bishop
Hughes, be toured through the Northwest
via the lakes. Capt. Bigelow, of the U. S.
s’camer Michigan, invited them to take
a pleasure trip in bis steamer, thus, as the
Tribune eulcl, “leaving the commercial mi
nt e of the lake without thit assistance
which the steamer was Intended to afford.”
In consequence of the strictures upon Capt.
Bigelow's conduct in the Tribune, thatgen
tlemau became very wroth, and finally dis
patched his Lieutenant (Grossman) with &
challenge to the editor (Mr. Stewart), to
meet him la deadly strhe, or la tUe lan
guage of the (odeducV.o, “to demand such
satisfaction • as was recognized hy
gentleman of honor,” “that he was ready
to fight as we might prescribe, and tbit if
wc desired to evade such an issue, by plead
ing the illegality of It, he was ready to pro
ceed to any other State, or Canada, at any
time; that should we rcluec to settle the
affair in that muener, he would attack ns in
the street, or elsewhere, and inflict such
punishment os be deemed our offense de
ceived.” The editor replied to Lieutenant
Oioßfman, that “ the proposition to shoot
Captain Bigelow, or to be shot by him, ac
corcirp to the rules governing gentlemen,
was modestly and respectfully declined,”
ai d that be “ cculd adopt the alternative of
attaching ns on the street, or elsewhere, If
be desired to do so; that we would neither
seek to meet uor avoid him; and that wc
Lad never been whipped, and neverexpeeted
to he.” The editor gave the captain a se
me skinning, and then dropped him and
that w*s the end of It.
MR. FOWLER RETIRES.
Mr. Fowler had only been nominally con
i.Hicd with the Tribune for more thin a
jetr jrcvioua to July 13, 1634, his health
pitvcntlng his utlendancs upon the dnii o .s
ol his io&itios. On that day his name was
taken from the head of the paper as publish
er, and T. A. Stewart’s aubbtituted therefor,
rndtbe firm was stjled “ T. A. Stewart &
Co., rublisbtrs.”
ASSOCIATE PRESS DISPATCHES.
On tlu* 2d of November, 1854, an urrance
meut was entered into by the press of this
city with the Associate Press of the East,
ern cities, under *L!ch arrangement all the
lelcgiapldc dispatches wSlcUappeired in the
papers of the Eastern cities, would appear
ibessme morning in "our city papers, and
thus the Associate Press system of dis
patches were Inaugurated in this city, and
hBB been maintained np to this time.
ENLARGED.
January 1,1355, Ihc theabroal dimensions
ol the Daily Tribune were extended by
adding a column to each page and lengthen
ing the columns. The utmeLsions of the
sheet when enlarged weio 31 b? 50 inches,
Leirg equal in size to ths largest
journals .of the great metropolis.
Tno enlargement became necessary
in order that justice might be done both to
'advertisers and readers. In making ibis im
provement, the editor gives a brie! retrospec
tive history cf the enterprise: “The Tribune
wuj. projtciad ia April, 1847, and tho proa-
Pidae ,vua -written », r *k*
prrffnt senior proprietor and editor, who
wan at Ihst lime publisher and editor of the
“ G’m of thf P/ufnV,” a weekly paper pub
Imbed in tt-is city. The first number of the
Tribune wts Issued June 10,1817, and met
'with gnat fsVc-r. It was* independent and
outspoken on all political subjects, especial
ly ogumst Intemperance, Slavery acd Land
* Monopoly, and was intended to meet the
wants of a large portion of the citizens of
the pluce, whose opinions on subjects
Were Well defined. It continued to occupy
thatposition until June, 1852, when the pro
prietorship was changed, the paper greatly
enlarged, and it became a supporter of the
election cf Gcil Scutt. The conservative
and negative tone which It assumed, iu
its new position, ou all subjects except
such as related directly to party , was evi
dently not satisfactory to the public, for a
very large portion of its readers became
ailenalec, and the subscription list was al
most entirely changed within 'the year. In
July, 1858, the publisher und proprietor was
compelled to leave the city on account of 111
health, brought upon him by the inordinate
labor, mental and physical, which he was
compiled to perform. The paper then passed
to the present proprietors, and at once as
sumed a morc'posltive character. Within
thiee months, its subscription Hat had great
ly chaiged, having lost several hundred sa
loon and Catholic subscribers, and obtained
a greater number of a more desirable char
acter. Experience, however, proved that
while It is much easier to lessen than to in
crease the number of readers aud supporters
of a paper, fcbe public will properly appreci
ate and sustain a journal that is Independent
intone, and boM as an advocate of liberty
and a conservator of pnblic njoraiUv.....
Since the change, now less than eighteen
months, the circulation of the Tribune has
increased over twelve hundred coo’es, and
i*s entire circulation, dully, is now two
THOUSAND NINE HUNDRED AND FIFTY-TWO'
copies, ar d increasing more rapidly than at
any other time since it was established ’*
FIRST TRAIN FROM CAIRO.
On Tuesday, January 9,1855, tbe first train
ofcsrs from. Cairo, via Illinois Central and
Chicago and' Aurora (?) Railroads, reached
this city. The time consumed In the trip was
tweiitj-oneandaball hour# Capt. C Cald
well was the conductor.
TESTIMONIAL.
The Tribune; from the start, was an ad
vocate of Temperance, no less so to-day than
at any previous hour of its history. On the
22d of February, 1855,* several temperance
organizations in this city 'met and passed
resolutions endorsing the course of the Tri
bune as an earnest supporter of their cause.
Weglve the following as a specimen of the
resolutions. It was passed unanimously by
tbe Garden City Division, No. 423, Sons of
Temperance;
£esoite'f t That the noble eland taken upon the
subject of lempersncc and a prohibitory law, by
tbe Chicago tribune, is such as metis the hearty
approval and warmest empathy of the members
of this Division, and the coutUinanca ot a,fearless
dtfente of the rifjht, will command our united ap
probation and support. "
new rraa.
Ornihc lsth of June, 1855, Sir. Timothy
Wright, who had been a silent partner in
the proprietorship ot the Tribune, assumed
a general partnership; and Mr. Joseph Me
dill, of Cleveland, Ohio, also purchased an
interest iu the establishment. The firm be
came Wright, Medill & Co. Mu Msdill
i= still one ol the Tribune Company.
1 REDUCTION IN SIZE.
A change in tho proprietorship of the Tri
bune seemed to uflbrd au excellent oppor
tunity to curtail the mammoth proportions
•which had been put upon it without a judi
cial s regard to tbo necessities of the ease.
Oie column on each page was, consequently,
eliminated, liven cn its reduced propor
tions— 80 by 4G—it was considerably larger
than the present size of the Tribune.
MR. STEWART RETIRES.
Mr, T. A. Stewart, who had been, a pro-
the Tbidune from the start, sold
Lis interest on the 2ltt of July, 1855, to his
crsoclates, and retired. In his farewell Mr.
g. gujs: “The admonitions of a physical
coflftilntion which is almost broken down by
the long and almost unceasing labors which
have necessarily been imposed upon it, leave
no alternative but to sever the connection.
In rural pursuits, beyond aud above the life
of responsibility and excitement which the
conductor of & permanent public journal
must assume, I hope to regain, to some ex
tettat least, health and strength.” Bat Mr.
Btswart’s hopes were never bat partidJy
realized. He sunk to his fical rest a little
Its* than three y ears after he penned the clos
ing sentence. Mr. Stewart’s former asso
ciates In parting with him said: ”We part
iron our friend with regret For mauyyears
he has stood up and done battle for what he
thought just and right with a fearless and
vigorous pen. H? has bowed to no mao In
office, atd been swayed hy no man out ot of
fee, nor has he hesitated to oppose any
power, however hacked, which seemed to
llmto threaten a right home influence, or
damage the cause ot Freedom. HU plume
i‘ss waved ever In the thickest oi the fight,
and he has measured distance with the bold
est and strongest of the opposition.
NEW TYPE AND A NEW TRESS.
During the summer of 1553, the appiril of
the Tribune presented quite a '‘seedy” ap
pearance, much to the annoyance of the pub
lishers. On the 21th of September it donned
a new atd beautiful dress, irom the loundry
of J. Connor & Son, New York, electrotyped
with copper, by the now famoos Newton
company, being the first “copper laced”
type ever used In this city, or the St*te of
Illinois. A new fas'. Hoe press (single cylin
der) was also Introduced, run with steam
power. The. Tribune had been worked on
a Ncrthrnp press, which is a sort of‘stepping
stone between a hand press and a cylinder
press. The proprietors In their congratula
tion soy: “Wc have the pleasure ofinfom-
Ing the numerous friends and readers of the
Tribune, that its present income is highly
satisfactory; that its circulation is rapidly
increasing; th&t its advertising was never so
arge as during the last quarter. The num
ber of dallies cow issued and sold is rising
3COO; til-weeklies 500, and wceiri.es4,soo.
lu conclusion, the publishers tender their
sincere thanks to the public,” &c.
NEW EDITORS.
Ou the game day that the Tribune appeared
lo new type, as printed above, Dr. C. H Rat
».nd J. C. Vaughan, were announced under
the editorial bead as editors. Du. Hay had
reff.Uy teen the controlling editor of the pa
per since the March previous, bat no public
announcement had been made of the fact an
ti! this time.
CONGRATULATIONS.
On Thursday morning, Jnne 12,1856, com
menced the 20th volume or year of the Trib
une. On teat occasion the publishers issued
a card of congratulation, in which they stat
ed that the paper was never before in so
flourishing a condition. During the past
year, the d'ily circulation increased over SG
per cent, end was then gaining at the rate of
ICO per week. ThoTai-WEnKLYhad increas
ed 55 per cent, and the Weekly more than
800 per cent The financial basis was pro
nonneed in a healthy condition.
CHANGE or FIRM.
On the 2Clh of August, 1856, a change In
the firm name of the Tribune took pi ice,
from Wright, Mbdill & Co., to that of
Vaughan, Rat & Aledill. The change
affirm involved no change of proprietors,
"although the names of Vaughan and Ray Lad
never before been published to the world as
occupying that position. The-simc parties
continued in the firm, but it became neces
sary, in order to comply with the require
ments of the law of “special partnerships,”
under which the firm was arranged. Messrs.
Wright and Websler had been silent pirt
norsinthe Tribune for several years, bat
had not. been acllvo and working partners.
Since the Uth day of Jun?, 1855, Vaughan,
Ray, and Medili had been conductors of the
establishment, in Its editorial and business
departments. Mr. Alfred Cowles, at present
one of the proprietors, and Secretary of the
Tribune Company, and who bad had charge
of the finances of the office from the com
mencement of Ray, Mcdilf, and Vaughan’s
connection with tho office, was at the same
time taken into the firm. The following
gentlemen then constituted the proprietors.:
Timothy Wright, J. D, Webster, Guarics H.
Ray, Joseph Medili, John C. Vaughan and
Allred Cowles. The finances of the Tri
bune, It was enuounced, were In a prosper
ous condition, and its income satisfactory to
the proprietors.
MR, VAUGHAN COES OUT.
On the 26th of Mar;h, 1557, Mr. John C.
Vaughan, who had been connected with the
Tbibunb for nearly two years, withdrew, in
a brief card, in which he states that ho goes
Into pursuits “promising to bo more ad
vantageous in a pecuniary way.” Tho title
of the firm then became, Ray,'Medili 6c Co.,
and from that time no change in the name of
the firm took place until July 1, 1858, when
the Tribune and Democratic Press were
consolidated. Sometime between the dates
named above, Messrs. Ray, Medili & Cowles
purchased the interests of Timothy Wright
and J. D. Webster, aud at the date of the
consolidation were exclusive proprietors of
the Tribune,
ELEVENTH VOLUME.
At the commencement of the Eleventh
volume, June 10,1857, the proprietors stated
that the Daily circulation was 4,000; the
Tri-weekly 800, and the Weekly 8,000.
The sditora say that the “ Tribune is an In
stitution—a power in the land. Whatever
may he the proems of Chicago and the
West,* .It is bound to keep ‘neck and.
girth* with their movement ” lias not this
promise been faithfully fulfilled?
CUT DOWN.
Everybody recollects the financial disasters
of the autumn of 1557. It affected newspa
pers as well us merchants, bankers, &c.
Acting upon the theory of a judicious econ
omy, on the 10th ot Kovember the dimen
sions of tbe Tribune were reduced one col
umn on each page—lt, in its curtailed pro
portions, representing 28 by SO inches—not
by say means a small sheet. From the fact
of its great activity, rapid progress and im
mense business, no city suffered more se
verely from the disasters than Chicago, and
scarcely a firm of any importance escaped
embarrassments.
From this time until the consolidation,
which took place on tbe Ist of Jaly, 1853, no
event of importance, affecting the position
or character of the Tribune, occurred.
Having brought the History of the Chica
go Tribune up to that point, we must now
go hack a few years and give a brief historv
of the
DEMOCRATIC PRESS.
Tie Democratic Press was introduced to
the public for Its support on Thursday, Sep
tember 10,1852, under the editorial and pro
prietory control of John L. Scripx*3 and
William Bnosa. The Press announced
itself a straight supporter of tho Democratic
party and Its policy, aud flew at its head the
names of Franklin Pierce and William R.
King for President and Vice President; Joel
A. Matteson and Gustaves Koesner for
Governor and Lieutenant Governor. The
editors in their salutatory, say: ‘‘lt is our
intention to make it a reliable advocate of
Democratic measures, and a firm, supporter
of the Democratic party—rcgordlog the lat
ter as the only instrumentality through
which the lormir may be conducted to a tri
umphal hsue. We shall appeal to men’s un
derstanding rather than their preju
dices, and oil times labor to
to accomplish our ends through
fair and honorable means—neither distort
ing truth on tho one Jaaud, nor concealing it
on the other” * * * * “It la our in
tention to make the Democratic Press em
phatically a newspaper,” .Its dlmccsiuns
were 24 by 34 inches, printed on brevier and
agate. The,office'was located ot 45 Clark
street. We will here state that few changes
took place in the management and conduct
of the Pi txs during its existence. Its history
.will therefore be brief. *'•
halt yearly greeting.
Just six months after the Inauguration of
the Democratic Press, M«rcb 10, 1368, it
was enlarged, hy tho addition of a column
to esch page, and a corresponding Increase
in the length ofThe columns, “to meet the
constantly increasing demand which is being
made upon the advertising columns of our
paper.” The editors say: ‘'Six months ago
to-day we launched our. little venture upon
the open sea of experiment. We did so
with the confident expectation of success,
because we believed that in establishing an
other paper In Chicago, we* were but meet
ing one of the wants of the city and the
Northwest. * * * TUs result has bean
before the public. Instant in season and out of
season, wc have labored for six months with
a devotion never inhibited save by thosp
whose tends and minds move in conjunction
with the best impulses of the heart Our
hearts have been in our work, theretorb our
woik, though arduous, has seemed light.
Bnt notwithstanding- we entered upon the
enterprise with so much confidence, our suc
cess has far transcended our expectations,
the Democratic Press now stands aide by
side with Ibe most prosperous papers of the
city. Its subscription and advertising lists
have noth Jog to fear from a close comparison
with these of its cotem
porary.”
SECOND VOLUME.
September 10,1854, the Democratic Press
entered upon the second year ot its exist
ence. The editors euy: “At no time since
the establishment of the Press baa the eub
fecrlption lists of both our daily and weekly
editions Increased eo rapidly as at present,
and at no time has the pressure oesn so great
uyou our advertising columns.”
POLITICAL.
Daring the session of Congress, which
commenced ia December, 1853, the famous
Nebraska bill was Introduced by Judge
Douglas. Until this time the Press hid cot
deviated iu Ps allegiance to the Democratic
pany. But it did not hesitate to come out
bolfllycnd unequivocally in opposition to
that famous measure, and soon bicime en
tirely estranged from its author and alt who
subtaicedhim, and ever after maintained that
position.
press enlarged.
March 27,1554. one and a half years after
its commencement, the Press was enlarged,
lor the third time, its ucjT dimensions being
28 by 44 Inches—the present size of the Daily
Tribune. -In ihclr notice of the enlarge
ment, the proprietors hay: “Chicigo is
growing with a rapidity unparalleled by
American cities, and we desire to keep pice
with its growth in every respect If indus-
a liberal expenditure of money, and
such abilities as it haa pleased 63d to endow
us m Ufa, cm make our paper a fair exponent
of the material and mutual interests of our
city, it shall be done.” At the same time of
the enlargement, a Tri-Weekly edition was
commenced, In connection with the Daily.
The size was the some as the Daily, and was
sflorded at $4 per annum.
PROGRESS OF WESTERN JOURNALISM.
On tho 24th of August. 1854, the Demo
cratic Press published a long article on the
“Progress of Western Journalism.” We
have space for only a few of the frets em
bodied in that article. At the date named
there were published in Illinois: Dallies, 30;
Tri-weeklies, 7; Weeklies, 134 ; Somi-mooth-
lies, 1; Monthlies, 4; Bi monthlies, I—total,
157. The total number published in the Mis
sissippi Talley was estimated at l,(X)p. The
Democratic Press was established Septem.
berlG, 1852. It commenced with a list of
something over cue hundred subscribers to
tbe Daily edition, and about two hundred
and flftj to th« Weekly. At the datd Indi
cated above, two years from Its commence
ment, the Daily Press had a circulation ot
2,004; aud tho Weekly edition 4,030. The
locaUorce employed on the paper at that
time «as: Editorial Staff, 4; Trav
eling and Local Correspondents, 5-
with 40 others, in the various positions of
foreman, compositors, pressmen, curriers,
clerks, &c. The gas bills for the year footed
up $400.54. The expenses per day were
$121.11, per week $720.C0, and per annum
$37,786 S3. The white paper used on the
Press cost $29.43 per day, 5L7G.53 per week,-
and $9,192.10 per year. These Dots we give
here, and may Introduce when we get fur
ther Into this history, by way of comparison.
NEW FIRM.
On Monday, September, 1554, Barton M.
Spears purchased an interest in the Demo
cratic Press, and the stjle of the firm was
changed to Sckipps, Snoas «fc Speaks, Mr
Spears’s labors being more particularly
connected with the operating or mechanical
department of the paper.
NEW DRESS.
The habiliments, of theDcMOCBATrc Press,
along the first of April, 1355, bore somewhat
a shabby and rustty appearance Therefore,
on the 12th of April it appeared la
new and beautiful garments—Minion
and Agate—from the Type Foundry
of White & Co., New York. The edit,
ore, on the occasion, say; “It is well
with the Democratic Press. * * »
The business of our establishment has more
than doubled within the last twelve months.
* * * Our books show the business ot the
establishment for the first three months of
the year to he only a fraction short of $20,-
COO, or at the rate of 180,000 per year.”
railroad, commercial and manufactur-
ing STATISTICS.
During the early part of the year 1333.
the Press, as it had done every previous
year of its existence, published several ex
haustive articles, embodying the commercial,
mannbctn/lDg and railroad statistics of
Chicago. On the occasion of the presenta
tion of the latter, on the 16th day of Febru
ary, the proprietors of the Press £aye a
brief review of their own operation^ from
lie commencement of their enterprise. They
say: “Ibc Democratic Press was first Is
sued on the 16th day of September, 1553.
Commencing with comparatively a small
outlay of capita], and without a sin
gle name upon our subscription list,
the Press has steadily gone for
ward, surmounting every obstacle
and our general business is increasing every
day * *"♦ We have nowlnusellpower
presses, combining all the latest improve
ments, including one of Hoe*s Double Cyl
inder machines. * * * At the present
time we have sixty-flvo men employed la the
different departments of the establishment,
and cur current business is at the rate of
about SIOO,OOO per annum.
NEW DRESS AND ANEW PRESS.
Dflnenced by the somewhat shabby ap
parel in which the Punas appeared before its
patrens, on the Bth of May, 1857, it appeared
in an entirely new dress. The type was ob
tained from the Chicago Type Foundry,'and
was in no way inferior in beauty of face, and
quality of metal, to any eyer purchased from
the Atlantic Metropolis. The editors said:
“This rapid growth and prosperity qf Chi
cago and tbe Northwest are both reflected in
the success of the Democratic Press estab
lishment, and we arc determined that noth
ing shall be wanting on onr part to make a
proper return for a generous patronage.”
VOLUME vi.
On WfdDefd>y, September 16,1837, the
Vlth volnac ol the Press, was commenced..
On that occasion, the editors published an
article reporting progress. The looting np
of ibe-,books showed that the entire business
ot the office, fur tbe past year, amounted to
$111,503.16, an increase over the previous
year of $27,109,22. At that time the concern
bad 10 powerpresaes running. The editorial
force consisted of six persons, and every
thing else in proportion The editors say In
conclusion: “The results ©four labors for
the past five years have more than realized
our most sanguine expectations.’’
REDUCED IN SIZE.
The terrible financial disasters which
swept over our country during the autumn
•cf 1657, were no less severe upon the dally
journals than upon merchants, bankers and
every other class of the community. Yield-
Itg to a necessity as Imperative with the
first as the other classes of sufferers, tbe
Press, ou the 6th day of November, 1557,
curtailed Its mammoth proportions by lop
ping off one column from each page, with a
corresponding reduction in the length of the
columns. This reduction in no manner cir
cumscribed the news columns, but only the
advertising, tbe diminution of which seemed
a necessity of tho times.
From this date nothing of historic inter
est occurred in the condition, character or \
standing of the Democratic Puksb, until
the Ist day of July, tBSB, when it was con
solidated vlth the Chicago Tribune. The
history of the consolidation ’we slmU now :
proceed to give, briefly, bringing it up to j
the hour of the present issue.
THE CONSOLIDATION, |
; CHICAGO FRSSB ANI > TRIBUNE.
At the date mentioned in the prececiog
sentence, there were published in tnia .city
lour dally papers, Which, although at the
tixnoof starting, were controlled by Titled
political sentiments, ' though the elliptic
aid purifying Infiuetces of the times, had,
in that respect, become almostcntirely iden
tical. True, personal differences, engender
ed by competition, In a business poiut N of
view, had kept up on apparent antagonism,
which frequently found expression In bitter
words Uziough the columns of each jourcaL
The financial and commercial disasters
which opened their blighting influence upon
the business world, In the autumn of 1337,
was not without th-lr subduing Influences
upon the proud-lipped and stiff necked Jour
nalista,.wbo. In the more prosperous clija,
each considered himself abundantly able to
paddle his own canoe. Two of the nnre
uppish and influential cnee, started original
ly with little or no capU.il, hid Improved
. their condition bnt slightly up to this hour,
save in the fact of having accumulated ex
tensive establishments, which bod been paid
for in part, and in part not. These accumu
lations at the time they were made seemed
Accessory to keep pace with the great pro
gress which had blessed Chicago, but now
they Were a draw-back upon them, ag it rc
quiied the best efforts of judicious cars, in
the troublous times which-the a were upon
us, fcio carry them [(through} to a success
ful result. As we have before intimated, ap
proaching the first of July, a. truce was
sounded between the proprietors of the Car
cago Tribune and the Democratic Press,
which resulted In the consolidation on the
day named. The parties to the conaolldi
tlcn, and who became proprietors of the
pßFfa and Tribune, were Charles ET. Rat,
Joseph UEDiLLand Alfred Cowles, on the
part cf the Tribune, and John L Scripps,
William Beoss and Barton W. Spears on
the part of the Press, and the combined firm
took the style ot the Press and Tribune
Company. The Tribune wos removed to 45
Clark street, tfce building occupied by the
.Press. The reosocß, as set k forth in the
•Tribune for the consolidation, were
given at some length, from which we cal) a
few extracts:
“There are too many Republican papers
in Chicago. Four lorgo dailies la the Eng
lish language, and one in the German * *
hare literally glutted the ne -vepapsr mar*
ket. It ia cot unjust to oar city contempo
raries to say that among these, the Tribune
and the Press have held no second rank. la
point of circulation they ore about equal
To a certain extent they have been rivals
and though both have liberally Sustained
their respective proprietors, by three years
trial, hive become convinced that neither
can outdo the other; and tbat so long as
they both liv<*, neither can take that rmk ia
the world of jonixalism which the Import
ance of onr city and the Northwest, and its
own merits, will justify the new paper—the
Press and Tribune— in esaamiag. To pat
an end to tbe expensive rivalry which has
heretofore been Kept up; to the founda
tions defy and strong of a public JoumU,
which will b-:come one of the established
jDfctltut’OEE of Chicago; to enable us to com
bat more powerfully, aul, we trust, more
euccesf/nllr, public abases; to give us a
wider iifluei.ee in public effiiirs, la behalf of
seized morality and a Jest Government, we
have become parties-to the arrangement an
nounced above. We trust oar readers will
he satisfied with the change.”
And la the first consolidated Issue, on the
day following, the editors say: “It
is scarcely necessary to say anything
to the former readers of tae Press or
the Tribune, as to the political course
of the consotidAlcdpaper. The steady, zeal
ous and. consistent support whichthcac jour
nals have given to the great cardinal doc
trines of the Republican party, is a sufficient
earnest for the future.”
The Tress and Tribune was enlarged
over the size of the previous issues by the
addition of one column to each page, and
by considerably lengthening the columns.
The consolidation embraced the ides of a
morning and evening edition, and both were
for a time toned, bat the impossibility of ob
taining telegraphic dispatches for our eve
ning edition, owing to the monopoly which
« rival establishment exercised over them,
and which it refined to yield, The enterprise
was finally relinquished, although It was a
very declacd success from the start.
AN ASSIGNMENT.
An important era in the history of tbe
Press and Tribune occurred ou the 13th day
of November, 1553. We ucednot particular
ize the cause* which led to the event which
we me about to refer to briefly. We will
ocly gay that they arc to he found ia the
financial and commercial disasters, which,
commcnclig ip the autumn of 1857, after the
exhaustion of over a jmr, h*d experienced
scarcely a perceptible abatement. At the.
date mentioned (November 8,1853) the pro
prietors found themselves oppressed by ma.
tnred pecuniary obligations, which, although
at \ the time the establishment had never
been go prosperous before, they founi it im*
possible to meet. They felt that if time was
given them every dollar of their obligations
would be paid. They therefore called a
meeting of their creditors, exposed to them
the exact condition .of fchefr liabilities and
assetts, and proposed* to them tnat if an ex
tension of three years was granted, they
would pay dollar for dollar, with, ten per
cent Interest. After consultation, thia prop-,
osition was most generously acceded to by
the creditors, although at that time there was
Bn almost unparalleled scarcity of money,
Influenced by the panic which then over-
spread the land. Mr. Spears at this time
disposed of his interest to the other partners
and retired. The amonnt of Indebtedness of
the establishment was found, to be a little
upward of $65,000, while the firm possessed
visible assets. In the shape of type, presses,
accounts, &c., which would considerably
overtop their indebtedness, hat which, if dis
posed at public aale, would at that time have
been literally sacrificed. Hon. Van H Hio
gius was chosen assignee of the establish
ment. Just twenty-one months from the
date on which the assignment was made,
every dollar owedhy the Press and Tribune
Company, with ten per cent interest, bad
been paid, and the billhooks—receivable and
payable—kicked out of the office, never. It
is to be hoped, again to have an abiding plac s
in the establishment. Not only this, bat
dnriLg the period named, every article pur
chased lor the use of the establishment, every
man*s salary, and every other item of run
ning expenses, were promptly paid; and
further, during the -same period, the office
was removed from 45 Clark street to its
present location, at an expense of nearly
SB,OOO, and new type for the Press and
Tribune, obtained at tfstill farther expense
of $3,000. And thus when the Presidential
campaign of 1860 had been fkirly inaugurated
the Tribune Company found themselves
freed from every pecuniary obligation, ready
to labor in behalf of Honest Abraham Lla.
coin, for the elevated position which he
now holds.
** CHICAGO TRIBUBE.”
On the 25th of October, 1860, the Press
and Tribune, on the occasion of appearing
In a new dress, dropped a portion of Its title,
and thereafter took the name of Cnzaaoo
Tribune. Ibis design had been entertained
from the consolidation, and tbe double name
was only maintained to this time, in order to
get its patrons thoroughly to understand that
Iho two names simply indicated one journal.
In this connection we consider ourselves
bound to vindicate the truth of history. The
’iaea Is very general—almost universal —that
the first Journal ever Issued In the United
States—or in the Old World either—under
the name ot Tripunk, was our New York
namesake—by Horace Greeley. This Is a
mistake. The honor of oririnatlng that name
belongs to Chicago. Hon. E. G. Byan, now.
of Milwaukee, established a Journal under
that name in this city about the year 1840
It was cot long-lived; but It was tbe first
newspaper ever known under that title. The
tfito York Tribune was not started until
April 10, ISH*
INCORPORATED.
Dnriog the session of tbe Legislature, In
the winter of IS6I, the Tribune Comeant
was incorporated by that body, with a capi
tal of $200,000. The then proprietors—John
L.Bcripps, Wm.Bross, Charles H. Bay, Joseph
Medill and Allred Cowles, to wh ch was ad
ded William H. Band, became the stockhold
ers. The company was organized by tbe
election of John L. Sempra as President,
and Alfred Cowles as secretory. With the
exception of Dr. Bay, all bear the same rela
tion now. "Within a-short period, several
employees of the establishment have become
small stockholders in the comp my, by pur
chase. The officers of the company for 1804
are: president—John L. Scripts; Vice-
President—William Bross; Secretary and
Treasurer—Alfred Cowles; Editorial Sn
peimtendent— Joseph Medill; Mecbaulcal
Superintendent—William H. Rand. *
A POUR CTT.INpga PRESS.
During the early days of the year 1361,-
from the rapidly increasing circulation of tbe
Tribune, which had then reached over 30,000
daily—it became painfully apparent that the
capacity ot the u double cylinder” press,
which wa were then using, waa entirely in
adequate to the taak Imposed upon it; and
consequently an order was given to Hoe a
Co. for one of their famous “four cylinder 1 *
machines. It was completed and put in
operation about the Ist of July, ISCI. Al
though the new press was good for eight
thousand an hour, we soon discovered that
it was not np to the ncctsettles of our rapid
,ly incrcaalnz circulation. Bnt impressed
with the conviction that this war would bo
. o. short duration, and that its termination
would greatly reduce the demand for the
{ Ve to impose our four
I totiea beyond its capacity until May
i ? eE lht orier sW'.u far Ite now
j Eight Ctusiike Purs TrS E M.icama which
i ® e h(!s forth this printed ahect this mornir*.
But of it, more herealtcr.
DR. RAT RETIRES,
From the innangnratlon of out four cylin
der press until to day, nothing ofmomcr.t
bos occurred in the history of the Tribune
save the retirement of Dr. Ray, which took
place in November lost, to the extreme re
gret of hfs associates, who not ouly parted
with & noble hearted, generous friend, but
an associate whose capacity is not pated oy
comparison with the ablest of the laid.
TO-DAY.
VTc will now speak of the Tribune or t>
day, «nd win begin with
OCR NEW EIGHT CYLINDER PRINTING V
CHINE.
It was reserved for Richard M ll.*-. »r
New York, an American mechanic, to nuke
the first successful type revolving pros?, -jf
ker many mostly and insuccTSsful experi
ments, In 1847. Oar ucw press proper i*
four feet five inches wide, twenty feet high,
and the machine Itself, independent of/
u flies,” is thirty-one feet six Inches ini
length. The large central type cylinder on
which the forms arc placed is sixteen feet
six inches in circumference. The eight cyl
inders, or drums, on which the paper re
volves to receive the u impression” from
the types, are each one-third that sizf, this*
smaller cylinders each making three revolu
tions,to one of the central cylinder. Tru*
forma or pages constitute segments of the
central circle, and occupy about one-fourth
of the circumference, the remaining three
fourths being used as an ink-distnbmirg
, surface. The estimated weight of the press
proper !s at least twenty-three tons. There
are in It over ten thousand regular pieces.
Twenty cotupotlUcn rollers, for the aialri
buticn of Ink, ore used upon It There are
one thousand yards of web tape to pass the
sheets in to and a>iay from the cylinders.
Five hundred and forty two tape putties, one
hundred and eight gear wheels, one hundred
and twenty-two steel springs, together ••ith
bolts, screws, nuts, rivets, pins and k.ys,
are parts of this mammoth concern.' There
are o hundred ond fifty u oil holes 11 in it.
The machine end its balconies occupy a
space ferky feet in length aud twenty leqfr.jp
width, taking up in height two stori-.
building In the rear. The floors
the pn ss are laid ou a framework of iron,
of which material, also, the stair-cases lead
ing to the dilleicut parts of the machine are
constructed. One may ascend and descend
fifty-seven regular stops in cxamioinc tM
press, without touching the same one twice
or coming In contact with tho macui-jtrrj.
Eight “feeders” are required, and twelve
persons in all form a full complement
lor xucnlng the moua’.er. Tic,, machine
prints IGjSCO sheets per hour, which capaci
ty could be increased to twenty thousand.
It runs with on astonishingly small amount
of noise, and the motion is a miracle ot i>e.tu
tiful mechanism. It Is Incited In tin* iie-it
cst and most convenient press room iu the
United States.
THE PROCESS OF PRINTING.
After the type is set up fa the composing
room, It Is made up into forms {or pages)
upon a convex surface, constructed ot eted
and brass, and called a “turtle.” The type,
. being divided Into columns by rules rueuiti;
lengthwise, Is held in place by beu?g‘-lo<:kei
up” with screws acting upon th; k * s»id-.-
stick” and “foot-stick.” The “:ur»l ** b
then lowered to the press-room and
upon the central cylinder. The forge c* fin
der being set in revolution, the form, oi
types successively to all the snail
er or Itcprespiou cylinders; on eacn oi
which a sheet of paper la introduced and r?
ceives the Impression ot tho types as tv
form passes. To each Impresaloo-cyliade:
there Is a board on which the sheet-* arelaio
and from which they are “led” to the n»
chine, and also tapes to carry aw.,y*A'
printed sheet and deposit It on the dell
booid at the end of the press. Tnls ia
process Is entirely performed by the m
chine itself, without the aid of any attend
ant. Ope person & required at each lrnpr«
slon-cylinder to supply or “feed” the soccts
which are taken at the proper moment b
fingers cr grippers, ami, after being printer
arc conveyed out. Tho Ink is coutalem i
a fountain beneath the main cylinder, ana i
conveyed by means of distributing roilei
to that part of the surface of the mi'n c ; lii
der not occupied by the forms. This su
face being lower than the types, paa-es 5:
the Impression-cylicders without touchii
them.
HOW OUR PRESS GOT HERS.
■When Col. Hob announced that our pre
was finished anti zeudy for shipment, «
knew jast the m:n whh whom we on
entrust the responsible duties or brlramg
to us—it was no other than J. W. Smjt
agent of the-Merchants* Dispatch fusurolg
lire. How well he c!d his work, may
readily inferred from the fact tVit, noi.wil
standing the press weighs about 65.0
pounds, and occupied five large freight ca
it was delivered at odrdoor m the iuctcdit
short space of jive days from New Yoi '
probably the best time ever made with *
some class of freight. The route, was t
Hudson River, New York Central, Gr«
Westers, and Michigan Central Rail »va ■ a
'coarse, Smith, and every one ot the mer, h
some ambition and pride in the matter, a j
did their very best. On thorough exatcii
tion, after its arrival, it n*as ascertain i d ti
noth single box, bar or bolt was missing. 1
cost of the press. Including trausponath
putting up, &c., is very nearly $52,000. T.
new machine is placed in a building 2i) by
feet, two stories, In the 'rear of oar pres*
press room, and Is open to the Inspect"
all who may desire to view the mocker
is very faithfully reproduced on pip-'"
cut which adorns the head of this ar
FOLDING MACHINES.
[JWchavein the press-room three oi D
Bul&lby’s Folding Machines, munura^ta
at Manchester, N. tC. The combined eao
ty of the three folders Is about 8,000 f.hp
per hour. It Is asuperlormachlue— the n«
we think, eter invented It does it* w.
with a speed, accuracy and neatness u r i
preached by any other machine.
OUR OFFICE.
We annex a fpw details, in order U r
the outside world an interior view of'
Tbxbdbe establishment.
AT THE LABORING OAR.
Th« entire force required to p*odi*e
Tribune daily, la enumerated in tut tabl;
Thtlr name is Lesion
Editors and Beportcr*, (o2lcp),
Correspond. nls
Vl»;
.Army -Potomac 1
Washington .4
Vtck»hnr?..
Little Beck.
Cairo
Sr. Louis ..
SpriDttiWd .
Deg Moines.
at.PHQi
Madison....
MQwantoe..
Parle
Philadelphia.
New*Toric...
Albany.. .
Cincinnati..
Detroit
! ndiaaapoilr.
Noah villa
Sbennan’a Army,,,‘,,*4
Memphi5...............3
Total.
Proof Readers
Foreman, News Department
Assistant Foreman. News Department.
u Devils ” News Department
Compositors, News Department
Pressmen, News Department
Foreman. Job Boom
AsaisUntForemen. Job Boom
Compositors and Proeatnon, Job Boom.
Boja, Job Boom
Coon ttng Boom
Mallimr Department
Circulators
Carriers
Total.
WHITE PAPER.
Tbe amount of news paper used dark 1
year, frem Joh 1,1863. to July 1, i*' w
little over 23.CC0 reams, or say I
sheets. These sheets if spread out taa
wlsp, would reach 440,000.000 Inches, (
.37,000,000 feet, or over 7,000 mllea-di**
one-third the circumference of thc?ar*
This amount Is aimp y for the three eti<*
ot the Tribune, and Includes no pip us
in the job room. It baa been chief si*;
plied to us by J. W. Butler & Co , t*
citr, bat at times we have been obted
resort to other manufacturers, th« c»ac
of Messrs. Butler & Co.’s mill bi*jr ■ «
equal to onr necessities. I n round mr
a ”°“ nt »f Pamir named Has ot • .
$160,000 for the year. In 1860, the -en ■
S : SUS" w “ 9K c f i
INK. ►
During tbe period named In tho peta
para graph, »»c have consumed 23,97Rh* I
ink. This ink has been supplied as b? I
ScnrrxN, the popular advertising aceatz** /
is by far the largest printers’ Ink dedr2
the Northwest. Three years ato we pirn I
cents aponnd for news ink. To-day ifl I
paying S3 cents, * :
OUR JOB DEPARTMENT. • 1
We need hardly the frit [
which our Job Department offers to tlm.;
lie. They are familiar to thepnhllc, w| r , i
quentiy place them under contribution t j
may say they embrace 13 first-class paf?
over 400 different fonts of type and 50 ml!
workmen. j |
TELBanAPniNo. £1
In 1960, our ordinary 'expenses fot£'
i rapbic dispatches were 135 per weak,r£'
$1,200 per year. To-day they rang** I ,
S3OO to $350 per week, or about 113 ft /
Sear. This Is not all. The uses to b /
ie telegraph la now employed In the " • :
special dispatches, necessitate tho eni
meat of numerous telegraphic corre
denU, numbering with us usually abo *
teen, at an expense of IXO,OOO or |12,0(
diUocal.

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