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WEDNESDAY. APRIL 15. 1563.
Tna D*n.T Taiamr* is laaec ewy moraine, ftr *lrcaution Dr earner*, newsmen and the mails. TnTai-WantTiaibCKKU wscen an Monisn Wedneecsvi and Fma)s.tor v»emkil«oalr; and Tu WsxsXTTataFWUUfnceos Thursdays, tor the made and eaie atom cosmer and by sevemes. rtKMr to snwctnisxi *r kail. Tbe Dally Eaiuoa, per year. Tbe Tri-Weekly Edition, pa year. Tbe Weekly Edition, per year..... rorrrr tewertaeas The Daily. deßvcree tn cuy, per onarter. S 3.U The Daily, delivered to rtty. per week US Beaitta&ceatcaybemadeettßerby Draft, Express, Port Office Order, or in rermrreo fatten. at onr risk. Addrau, TBE TKIBUKE COMPaXV. Chicago, m. The Impeachment Trial. The Copperheads at Washington, who are unable to understand hiw a Senator can differ from the bulk ol his party upon a question of practice or of courtesy, un less be intends to vote for the acquittal of Johnson, are overjoyed at what they re gard as the defection of ten or twelve Re publican Senators. We understand that, at the White House, Johnson and bis po litical family parade a list of Republican Senators, whom they regard as certain to vote against convicticn. It was a mistake, in our judgment, for the House of Representatives to have presented any article save the first or the first and second. Tbe act lor which tbe country demanded the impeachment ol tbe President was his open, defiant re moval of the Secretary of War and ap pointment of another, daring the session of tbe Senate, without their advice and consent. That act was a palpable viola tion ol the letter and spirit of the consti tution, and the Office-Tenure law. Had the case been confined to this single charge, the trial would have been con cluded long ago. The investigation ot the other charges has served only to di vert the aitcmion of the public from the plain and direct and intentional viola tion of the law and constitution by tbe President, and to lurnrsh Judge Curtis the only opportunity he has had lor a sneer. Andrew Johnson ought to have been impeached, tried, convicted and dis missed from office for the original offence within thirty days alter its commission. The constitution establishes a two-fold executive power. The President is the Executive to whom the constitution gives authority, and makes it tbe duty, to take care that the laws are faithfully executed. The other executive power is that ot the Senate, with whose advice am] consent alone is the President authorized to do certain other acts. The President Is not pcrmiittd, by the constitution, to appoint any person totffiee without this advice ami const ut, except in Ci«e of a vacancy happening during the re- e?s of the Senate, in which case the appointment is tempo rary only. There is not a record In the history of the government of any person being ap poinud by the President while the Sen ate was In session, without a previous nomination Jo the Senate. The ad »n- Urim argument Is a quibble, and does not apply to this case at all The Office- Tenure law was torced upon Congress by the perversity of the President. It was t firmed and reaffirmed by the Senate during the pendency of the bill It was then passed by a unanimous vote of the Kt publican Senators over Johnson’s veto; and the affirmation of Is constitutional ity was repealed in answer to the Presi dent's message, announcing that he bad disregarded it, and had made a removal forbidden by It. Upon the plea that the law is unc institutional and void there is no room for any dtfedun. There is not a Republican Smator who is not responsible lor the enactment of that law, and the committal of the party and the country to its en forcement and maintenance. • Wbeu the Copperheads or the Johosoniles assume that any one ol these Senators will now deny the validity of the Office-Tenure law, they assume that he is about to place bis own stultification on record, or that he intends to follow Doohulu into the ranks of the Democratic party. If the point In controversy were one of fact, upon which men might differ as to its criminal character, we should expect each Senator to Incline towards mercy in recording his judgment. Bat when the act is avowed, when the vio lation of the law is claimed as a merit, and when the officer charged with the special duty of taking care that the lows arc faithfully exccu ed, res-.rts to his veto power to arrest the law, and, when the 1 veto is overruled, pre sumes to make a further is-ue by violat ing the law, no Hep«idic*n Senator can, as we conceive, pall.atc or excuse the crime nr acquit the criminal. Wc do n».t make these remarks be cause we anticipate that any Republican Senator will vote lor the acquittal of Johnson upon the firs. article—the facts pertaining to which *re confessed—but that the public m-ty unjerstaaii the sud den glee and lumms congratulation that* prevail in the Copperhead camp aV the mere rumor that urn*, three, six, or ten Republican Senators pn>p->se bore ifter to consort with the D»-m »cra»ic party. Let them hug the delusion It they will; there is to Republican Senator willing to spend theremaindtr of his days In company with Dixon and Doolutle. Loaning Honor Without Interest At a meeting, held at Xcvud*, Livings ton Co., 111., one “ James Harry, of Odell,” offered a string of resolutions in furor of ■watering the currency, one of which reads as follows: “7. That, « oa oAnro-t, JBOS.tbe Ccblof iLvU licdSUte* w«-S2.S>-.0-000U; tb« p -pu’.tnoii. the cUxn'fVoo. «xsta-tvs of Ujc y%uoz'.l Bank no**-*, f7i 0.000, r on. Brtilck wi# not fentd to be too mack; too, «i the io crtiie In population j? one-mini to rv*iy ten retre. »eweln faror of a-» tdditlonxl lt*n« of CrrcLbafkr, every fourth <ir wnh, 'ear »fttr the cezenf jeer, to vnpplj the wtnta oftttt merest*, whstever i» may be, *t the rite of f7(U,W1),000 to 22,00 ,U)U of population.” If by circulation Is meant greenbacks, this resolution asserts an untruth, as there were but $432,757,001 of them In clrca latlon the 31st day of August, 1565. And from the tact that they possessed bat tteo thirds of the purchasing power of cola, it is clear that two-thinis tbit amount would have answered all the wants of business equally well had they been of the y value of gold, ' The writer of the resolution ap pears to be profoundly ignorant of the • nature of a greenback. He does not seem to know the simple tact that it Is a due- | bill nr order on the Treasury for its face | 7 in gold, and that its purchasing power in > the hands of the holder is governed by 1 the probability as to the time when the! government will be able to redeem it, A s. greenback due-bill being payable on ' presentation draws no intercst;and would be worth Us face in gold if the • Treasury would make good the promise ot the gov ernment to redeem it when presented. But it is not redeemed, and is, therefore, at a dl=connt nt nearly one-third. Ii the greenbacks drew interest they would be worth considerably more. If that inter est were payable in gold, semi-annually, it is nut improbable that they would be worth not far from par. The compounds, .whose interest is payable in currency at the end of three years, are now worth ninety cents In gold, whereas the com mon greenbacks are worth but seventy . 1 one cents. A M greenback” is a call loin -•- of the government, tree of interest; every bolder of a $lO greenback has loaned the government ten dollars, without Interest; •but in consideration of the holder charg ing the government nothing for the use of the loan, the latter has promised to re ceive these dne-bl!ls for taxes of a certain land and to redeem them, on presentation at the Treasury, In gold. The first part of the promise b made good, but the sec ond, and more important, is violated—the greenbacks ore not redeemed on presenta tion In gold, or anything else, noi la the holder permitted to change them Into bonds drawing interest. The consequence is, that they have depredated thirty per cent, and will fall still .lower. U the prospect of ultimate redemption is di minished, which it wonld be by increasing their number. For tbc government to issue fire or eight hundred millions more of its greenbacks, without miking, any provision for their redemption, is .to ask; the people to loan It that sum of money without interest, and repayable—never. How much money is M James Horry, of Odell,” willing to loan the government, free of interest, and not to be paid back during his life f Suppose he loans SI,OOO on these terms, and takes due-bills therefor, bow much docs he expect peo ple will give him for his dae-bUta? The government has a loan now from Urn peo- pie of $888,000,000, drawiog no interest; bat its certificates of tbis indebtedness arc passing'from hand to hand at a little mere than two-thirds of their face value. Cun tbc government expect to double or quadruple this tree loan, and make no provision either for redemption or paying Interest thereon, without its notes suffer ing a still larther depreciation ? It Is preposterous to suppose that it can be done. Before the government asks for another dollar of irec loan (i. r., green backs) let it restore to the holders of Its notes the right to change them into bonds at pleasure. It has promised to redeem them on presentation, but having foiled to do it, the very least it can do is to pay the holders Interest, U they ask it, for the time they must wait until it can redeem them according to promise. .11MOO Tbe Hock Island Railroad Contro. versjv Hr. John B. Brake, one of tbe Direc tors of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pa cific Railway Company, in his answer to the complaint of the Wall street, law yers, furnishes the key to the series ofdis gracclnl suits and legal proceedings insti tuted to get control of the affairs of that company. He states that he accepted office as a Director with the intention to promote the best interests of the company and of the consolidated road, and that the con duct of tbe plaintiffs was a part of an organized conspiracy to obtain a dishonest control of the affairs of the company, and that he is advised that an unprinci pled combination exists, made up ol stock jobbers and brokers in Xew York, insti gated by a great rival railroad corpora tion, to forever defeat the main object of all past and present legislation with respect to this road, namely: the speedy establishment of a great through line from Chicago to Council Bluffs, to con nect with the Union Pacific Railroad. It is a self-evident proposition that the business of the Rock Island Railway can be belter promoted and managed by a roadway of its own from the Mississippi River to Council Bluffs thsn if compelled to run Us cars on the track of another corporation from Des Moines to the Mis souri River, and made, subject to such terms and conditions as the latter may impose. The consolidation of the Rock Island >and Northwestern Roads, which would result from such a running connec tion, would be most disastrous to the in terests ,of both lowa and Illinois. To effect such a consolidation it is necessary to embarrass the Rock Island Company with Injunctions and restrictions and arrests and dilatory proceedings of every imaginable kind. The Rock Island managers have thus farsuccessiclly combatted the corrupt and infamous efforts to get controlof their property tor tbe purpose of destroying it, and it is to be hoped that the authorities of the Slate of lowa will relax no effort to compel the construction i>f the road to Council Bluffs, and to defend the Direc tors ol the Rock Islaud Company against the attacks of the corrupt combination opposed to them. TlieOpposloc Candidates for Jndce. There were two lawyers la Chicago la the rammer of 16C2, both stout, able-bodied men, and both capable of doing good service for their Imperilled government. The war wore a gloomy aspect; disaster after disaster had overtaken our armies. The Eastern troops under McClellan had been driven back across the Chlckahomlny swamps to Uke shelter under the gnna of the fleet on the James river; the Western troops under Buell had retreated trem Northern Georgia to the Ohio River. An earnest call was Issued by President Lincoln to the Uclon-loying men of the nation to rally and retrieve the losses and save the Union. Ure of these lawyers promptly responded to the call; laid* down bis law books and his briefs, girded on his sword, went forth among his Irtcuds and ac quaintances and rallied hundreds of them to fight for their country, its unity and liber ties, and led them to the scene of bloody contest, and for three years, taking bis life m his band, did biave and manful battle for the right. The other able-bodied lawyer remained qnictly at home. He loved bis fees and the comforts and pleasures of life too well to risk bis robust person before the cold steel and dangerous lead oflh? assailants of his country; be disliked the smell of rillanous saltpetre, and contented himself with slay ing In bis office and supporting the fire In the-rear party. While the one lawyer was exposing hla breast to the shot and shall o tfce enemy around Atlanta, the oth er lawyer waa in Chicago, voting lbs war “a fallme," and sustaining the ticket pledged to make It a failure. Bat the war proved a success, anc the enemies of the Union were pat down and bat. Thr lawyer who bed looked death lu the face on many a despotic field, after tbc Union was saved laid down his sword, cane Lame, broken and shattered lu b-allb, a iQ«re sxvl etonofbls formers-If, poor In picket but rich in patriotism, and, when sufficiently re covered to perform labor, resumed his bonks and bis briefs. The- other, throughout the war, continued fat and hearty, far away from war's alarms, piling, op bis fees acd p>cket - Inc bis retainers. These two men bare been selected by their respective parties as candidates for the im portant office of. Judge of the Recorder’s Court, to administer Justice and protect the good «,rder and peace of the community In wh-ch both live. ,Tbe one has been brutally asfoll. daod m&ligncdby the organ of disloyal ty and CVpperbeadista; the other Las been treated with 'decorum and fairness by the organs of loyally and freedom. When ‘.he one I was placed in nomination by a of ourbtsl citizens, be made this manly declara tion and public pledge: •* Jf I am rkefed Jodxe nf the Kec'rd-r’* Court, ls*il-,tothe ini r«t estetit, of ay abiiUf,di«> charge ttofceoMr* tr-comVnt na-n taa odea fairly *nd tmpartisfly.botn to *ny mo’.Vt m ben cf (be bar, an<l to all eoncerrd. A din the idtalcis’muc r.f too notir* of toe office I shat, on the orebisdsee tbit the peace an* coon ender cf tecietr me well orJtect-o, icd, oa tae other, that iii« rig »U »od lUxr’ie* oftb-' seen*-*! are frtrlf f call wih. A Juit Julie fit pro.TtlM no more in W, erejcin qf Me proper. can pccmlu no ten.” The trader cf the convention and spokes man sod sponsor for tb; other nominee n.ounttd the ro. trnm and gave these reasons why the stay-at-home peace and surrender candidate should he elected Judg.? of the Ue tordcr’s Ccurt—reasons deemed perfectly satisfactory by the convention chlch bsd placed him at the bead of their ticket. He said: --••He bad tba bo-or cf preamttn? the name ol Heir cotr oce. lls woald fell th. m teat their work bad Jua*.beans, the straUttanvl mist Im portant In the history of Cnlcico. Tn<*TW're repruentir.ff in the ttanuMef tAHr eanlldi/ee the principle of tbe Democratic party. It waa their emy to rally around them and elect them, thooeh the tatter was no tosll manor. Qc wished them elected because Chicago w»« considered th- era. dk of Radicalism. When the next Republican Coov-ctl'c was held he tcaated It fa meet in a Democratic eitf." We submit the case to the whole people to make their choice between these two candl* dates next Tuesday, for from their rcrdlct there Is ro appeal. Sootn Carolina. The people of Sooth Carolina commenced to rote yesterday on the ratification of their new constitution. The election lasts till Thursday erenlng. State and county officers will be roted for at the same time. The fol lowing are tbe res pec lire tickets: cxrtrsucAX. • njnmctxr. Q«mMt Robert K.bc*u.......Wm.iX Porter.. U.Cer*noi.>lnß«lßooi(r T.C. I**rrta Sec Ol eute...Pr*tet« h. Crfdoa*...>Ul»oa Opera.. Trmurer Si!** O. Farter....... Wlltl»ta 00M...- OrtnpUO»ti.._J. C. Mila.** **&. 1~ LMphart. • xrt*TGeuer*'..!), H.CtuunbcrUiL^.liiseW.Usree. A*m.O«DoaJ..K.J. MooeMr .j.P.Taowa*.... So;Eece»ll.S.J. J. A.Lai*wl oxaun. Atstrlctl BwbJ.P Wbmexaore.JaboU.rrtmoti - a C.C. Bowen Johoa-mllsrooU •• g Mood C»rl<r..« ,s«a.MeOn«*a< ** 4 Jim« 8. OML .B*m. McAlllPJ.. At torse... .jijiiS; SS;;;;;! Sot rtConlMa. General Scott is a volunteer officer of tbe army, appointed from Ohio, and In charge of the Freedmen's Bureau in South 'Carolina. Epping la the United Stales Marshal. Boo zer, Cardoza, Moses, Corley, Goss and Dick son are Sonth Carolinians; Bowen, Rhode Island born, and Kagle, a native ot North Carolina, have long resided in the State. Parker, Chamberlain, JUlson and Whltte more are North era men, settled In South Carolina dace the war. Cardoza, fbr Secre tary of State, is the only colored man on the ticket. : The revised registration fires about 30,000 white to 75,000 colored voters. The Repub licans expect to ratify tbe constitution and elect tbelr ticket. The reason they run six candidates tor Congress Is, that as slavery to abolished* the State to entitled to that many by population; ' Under the old ride of count ing atoms at three-fifths. South Carolina lost . two members of Congress. pg“ Mr. T. W. Bigginson has an article on the American Lecture System In tbe new number ol JtfarmUlan't J fagasine. Unfortun ately, It is, In a literary point of Tier, quite below its author’s usual standard, aod It gives no adequate account of the lecture sys tem as It actual; exists among ua. It Is not merely Inaccurate and meagre; It is sketchy and flashy, and more than once sacrifices fact to wit. Thus It Informs English readers that "Mugby Junction”-bed but a moderate sccetas here, because Amerieans. could hot understand Dickens’ ground of complaint with Ecglish railway fare, oar own is so much worse; when the tacts are that 1W.005 copies of Vugby Junction were sold, and American railway fare If not, on an average, so bad as that described inMugby Junction. The Pacific Railroad, .clap-trap entertain pent*, American hotels, plea In general, and tiQnr* pies in particular. Incident* and acci dents funny ana otherwise, Intrude Into Mr. HlggJnscn’s essay, and nuke us regret that so accomplished a writer should treat so Im portant a topic so unworthily, especially la an English magazine, “Pie u King; Pie rules the court, the camp, the grove and the railway station,” Is an example of the style of this paper on “ The American Lecture System.” The ‘‘germs of the lecture sys tem,” says SCr. Hlggloson, “ were the catch penny show, the dance and similar perform anccs.” There Is only this truth In the statement, that a ball and a lecture have been In some single instances’ arranged for the same night, In the rame ball, under one ticket. This, like other incomplete truths In Ur. Hlgglason’s article, U to be little us. It Is ahaurd’to talk about the American lecture system as if it were chiefly found In the raw settlements of the frontier. Is America aU ocenplcd by cheap frontier towns, where • pie saloons flourish and farmers* wives make no bread f Is a lecturer mtmffy taken for a porter when he enters a hotel In Western cities, and to the "rod-faced, over dressed lady*’ does he usually respond, "Are you the chambermaid V* Hr. Hlgginson re lates that he once “ essayed to break a feeble lance against American pie," and overheard this *‘ sample of racy personal criiiclsm” from a female hearer: “ I do suppose that them kind of concomitants ain’t good things.*’ These cheap sketches, anecdotes and efforts of wit give as false an Impression of tbe public taste In this country as any caricature in Martin Chuzzlewlt. GT It Is proposed to hare an underground Broadway In New York,simply by construct log a basement to the existing street and sidewalks. The upperroadway will reston heavy Won pillars and stone arches made Im pervious to moisture by asphaltum. Above the arches a pavement will be laid ou a road bed ofi sand. The sidewalk will be laid with four feet width of patent lights, sad with open grating along the building fronts. A circular stairway will descend at each block. .The lower road will afford room for sidewalks and four tracks for steam trains. On the t inner tracks will run last trains for through travel. The outer will be given to way- trains, which must of course run slower This basement Broadway will be as light as'an ordinary well-lighted room, and the basements of buildings on either side will attrd stores with show windows, It Is said, as attractive as those on the upper street. (The bill now pending for the con struction of this road provides that there shall be no Interruption of travel while the work Islgolng on. It allows a low movable bridge to be laid, under which to make suc cessive portions of excavation and construc tion. Three years, It is believed, will suffice to complete the work, at an average expense of $2,100,000 per mile. f>y~ The correspondence ol Mr. Bancroft and Mr. Seward, relative to tho.lreaty.be- tucenonr government and the North Ger man Union, affords gratifying evidence of the discretion of onr Minister at Berlin, and pi the disposition of the Prussian Govern ment to accede to the wishes of America on the important subject o! the rights of cml grants. I By tbe treaty negotiated Dy Sir. Bancroft, the completion of a period of five years* residence puts an end to the claims of tbe old nationality, except on account of punishable committed before emigre- lion. Any natnrallzed citizen returning to his former country for more than two years loses hla rights, and comca again under Ms forrrer government, unless he makes an ex plicit 1 declaration that his residence la not permanent. Under this treaty the emigrant escapes all military service, the claim lew which has not been asserted before his emigration ; but be is not safe from a claim arising within five years except by staying In bis newly-chosen home daring all that time. Mr. Bancroft reports that the British Government bad intimated-to Pros bia its intention to come to an understand ir g at ith onr government, and that this would, in his opinion, be conformed to our treaty with the North German Union. A motion fn Parliament fora mixed English atd American commission to report upon, the subject to both governments has already ban made and urged in a spirit of conces sion. Within no long time an English treaty v 111 follow the Prussian, and take.this ques tion out'of the field of international discus sion and. recrimination. JSV“An essayist in the Saturday Review portrays what he calls "The Girt of_the Period.” Potting together a few of his sentences, they makethe following sketch: ‘•The girl of tbe period has done away wilh such moral muffirboess os consideration for others, or regard for counsel or relmke. Nothing is too extraordinary and nothing 100 exaggerated for her vitiated taste. If a stnrible fashion lifts tbe gown out of the mud, she raises hers midway to the knee. She dries, and friezes, and sticks her hair out on end like certain savages in Africa, and thinks btrsclf all tbe more beautiful the nearer she approaches in look to a auntie or empress. fcbe imitates tbe frantic efforts of the dmi-monde to excite attention. She cannot be made to see that modesty of ap pearance and virtue ongbt to be inseparable. Slang, told talk,fastness, follow this Itnlla tlon of the dcniumor.de. Love is tbe lost thlrg the thinks of, and the least of the dangers besetting her. She does not marry < aril; ; men are afraid of her. Men prefer - be fconcit courtesan to this Imitation.” Can thire be any donbt that this portrait wa« die*- n by an essayist who ovg more of lie t Umimoudc than of any other class ofhls countrywomen? J5T' Some months ago one Sergeant Bate* was armed with a United State!* flag and a pattporl from Forrest and all the ex-rebel Generals of the war, and started on a Journey fiom Cairo, or Memphis, through the late Cknrrdcriey, to 'Washington. The object of this parade was to prove that the American flag c< ul<l he safely carried through that country, and that no violence would be offer* cd It by the loyal rebels. - Bates has just fin ished his trip and enters Washington to day. A more ridiculous force »a* never played. The object of the trip, with the “protcc lion” granted to him by the KnWlni Klaa and other treasonable and murderous ganga, «cre notified far ahead to all the falthldl on the route, who yelled.and .eboutcd.for Bites, as for one of themselves- Under like cir cumstances Bates might have secured the orations of the people had he been disguised as a ntgro. tSF“ We publish, this moraine, tbe first of » aeries of letters upon tbe necessity of * cheapening the cost of transit for Western products to tbe seaboard. They are wr'itlen by a gentlemen who, for tbe last quarter of accntniT, baa been extensively engaged In Western commerce, and who has done more to open the St, Lawrcuc: route, perhaps, than any other man. The letter tblsmornloeglToa a review of the modes of conveyance now en* joyed, and the growth orthe trade la West era products. Tbe writer has been long and favorably known among Chicago merchants, and we invite their careful attention to his letters. ESP While there U no doubt that the general public bare a fall sense of the worth and ability of General Smith, and the pro* prletj of hi* election. It should not be for* gotten that to be elected be most get rotes, and to get rotes Republicans must take time to go to tbe polls and rote. To permit General Smith to be defeated through in* difference or orer-coofldenee on election day, wW be to Indict an Injury on tbe city which It will take fire yean to remedy. Fire min* ales on Election day by each Republican will secure an honest and upright Jndge and a creditable Court. An Explanation from* Valter's* Pra< zler. To the Editor ol Tbe Chicago Tribune: BtTATU, XtU April It Noticing an article In your paper of to-day eupcemlng fraudulent deeds to city property as they are personated, permit me to say that yon bare made a gross error, one Inju rious to me If not explained, and entirely at rariat.ee with the facts as the records of Cook County, testify. You slate that one of these deeds "conveyed to a mythical person named Witt, an eighty acre tract located In Palos, Cook County, but belonging to the city,” and that I hare been "Indirectly con* reeled and Identified with the sale to the present occupant.” The - records of the county prononace this statement unwar ranted, but as they axe not accessible to moat o! your readers, I give the history. My transaction with Mr: Witt, who, Instead of being " mythical" is a well-known and re spected farmer of Cook County, was a straight fbrward holiness transactions, such as yon, Messrs. Editors and many other worthy dtl sens, are engaged In every' day—simply an ownership,bargain,taleand deed. Thereto no deed on record as in ibis - property, fraud ulent or otherwise, from the city. In fact, the city nerer owned it nor had any equita ble Interest in it It was patented fromthe United States by a party residing hi the State of New York, whose title earn*’ direct tome, and after Mr. Witt had been In pos session come time under a lease from me. 1 ‘sold him the property aod gave him a war rantee deed—B. E*-Banyan, Esq., his alter* ney, certifying as to the suffidency.-bf the title upon abstract. Many years ago,"when conveyances were frequently faulty, wJUain-, accurate ■ descriptions, this property waa. unauthorizedly Included *ln a deed to the dty, and unquestionably by mistake —this gave the city, no title. ■ The tract had been sold for taxes several -limes, and under the last sale a deed was to. sued to m-; by the Bbenff. I trust Ihh will seem io you a "rational explanation of the matter,” and one refuting all idea of wrong doing. I mlfiht hive stated Its to. to the proper t, in the town: of I-ite, mj reUUons ere much tbe Mine to It u Uroso ofMr. John Ponjthe i to tbe Und l.t too heed ol North XeSrtlb - street, esjon state them, but I do not see that jour article would Imflj to either ol as «ay knowledge other thm U pouetxl hr tke public. Toon, W. 8. Fsaxixs. Rkjlibxb.— We do not perceive whore wo bare done Hr. Frazier any injustice. It U claimed by Hr. Wentworth that three pieces or property belonging to the city hare been conveyed away by forged deeds. In regard to two of them, we elated that: ** H appetn that Mr. Waller 8- Frazier b** been Inonectiy connected and identified wuh lh“ •ale of the Patos property to 1M present occupant, ud that be tried to lease tbe tract new tbe dock yarti to some parties, wbcthr u agent far tbr •owner’ or not ia not known, la tbe absence of any rational explanation of thi matter, It \a «np poaed that If Hr Frazier were here, and were willing to do ao, ho might give valuable inform** tion in tbe esse.’’ Mr. Frazier comes promptly forward and gives "valuable Information” in regard.to both those plcees ol property.' This being the case, we are at a loss to perceive where orhowwe bavedonehlm any ‘‘injustice." We were Informed that bekoew tbe facts con cerning the title to those tracts, and bis e om nmnlcaUon verifies tbe correctness of onr In formant's statement. Sews Urns. Hr. Lowell Lincoln, who Was lost 'on the >ll Ikied steamer Sea Bird, wu tbe first child born io Lo«dl. Mira., and was in the 43d rear of Qia as*. Mr. Lincoln went tolCQwsnkee In 1856, aid established tbe first commercial college there, ard cctU: n«d It nztll bis death. A young man named Hallon, an employe if the Milwaukee £ Mlnaespolis Railway, was Invtcttly killed on Friday ne*r Faribault Is tte foilonltg peculiar manner. When leaving Dan. daa be lock a seat open tbe pilot ot the loenmo- A lew miles below Bonds* s cow standing ld ibt track w»t strock by the eegine, and killed. ctn-bUg Mailon to death at the same instant. T6c fact was not discovered until some rime bad when tbe engtterr discovered adtrkob ject dangllog from the pi’ot, and supposing it to bes portion of the cow resting npoa tbe engine, requested tbe flremsn to go forward and throw it off. a&o suing out for that purpose, he wn ■becked at finding Mellon's dead body. A bill has been, Introduced Into the New York Assembly for the .erection of station indi cators In railroad passenger csrs. Every traveller krowa tbe inconveniences connected with the present system, by wblcb a conductor rnsbei into a car and rests tbe time of tbe station to nnln- telliglble fashion, and sometimes even forgets A very simple piece of micblnery la etch carlhatwoald indicate the came* of station* as •he trains sppr?stbcd them, would be of gmt service to p&wrngers. ■William H. Byers, Esq., the well-known stock dealer, of Smith Grave, DeEalb County, m moi», told last Saturday twenty-one bead of steers to Messrs. Hooker £ lugcrsoll, of Malta, aunt concty, for tbs handsome ram of $3,000. One four-year old ateer, weighing *,523 pounds, rabably one of Ike finest la the State, brought noo. The statement published a few days since <hatailth«raUioada tentertnjln Chicago wan'd past delegates to the Bepnbilcan NsOoual Con- vention free of all charge, la Incorrect, 00 far aa *be Chicago, Pittsburgh A Fort Wayno Road Is concerned. That company baa for tiro jears de- clined to make any exceptions to the usual rates in favor Of political conventions or other public me* Unit*. A new society has been Inaugurated In New York under the name of the “ Bluestocking Club,”ccnpjitd.cxclnalvely of JadKs of literary and artistic tastes and practices. The first meet trgwta held axew days cuee. Those set down aajexmsncnt membera an Mrs. D. Q, Croly (Jennie June), Mrs. James Partoa (Fanny Pern), Mrs. Lucia Gilbert Calhoun, Mrs Elizabeth Stod dard, Mrs. Ann b. Stephens, Ulsaes Olive Kate Field, Alice and Pbmbo Cary, Amanda M. Hooglara, Mrs. Henry Field, Mrs. Mary Clctnmer : Ames, Mrs. Mary E, Dodge, Mrs. Eliza F. Amts, Mrs- Laura' LeeUlr Phillips, Mrs. EiUU, Mlsi ICuyL. Booth, Miss Dunning (Shirley Dare) Mrs. E-lzabeth Cady Stanton. Sosan B. Anthony. Ml*i Clan Jennlog*. Mm. Alfred Bier tladt, Mill Clara Lonlaa Kellogg, aid a icon of < tier artists In words. colors marble, mailc ted blsirlonUm. A camber ottaonorary member* oat oftown are proposed—as Mr*. Jaffa Ward Howe, Mrs. Harriet Preacoit Spofford, Hr*. Harriet Beecber Stowe, Mr*. Rebecca Hirdltg Darls.Mrs. Oetaria Walton Levert, Hiss Abigail Dodge (Gall Hamilton), Hiai Augusts J. Etaqi, and many other ladies of literary ability and resolution. Ttraul jeet Is understood to be the form it tan at a istibnal society, with tbe centre to New York, •id He binding together by Uet of sympathy and i;itiioal tlilersblp the leading women of tbc Uot.r. It has been determined that (Lr tbe bel ter carrying ont of the purpose the members shall mett ones atn *nth at a Innch at the np-towa Del- morlc-V, and shall bare socb reunions at their ws tomes u may be found convenient. m An unfortunate woman, in New York, on Ttntetfevilfht, while attending osa of the Oath die churches with so Infant in her arms, was thrown lota hysterics by discovering that her child was a corpse. Going ont.toto tbe sir ret, and belrg arable to control her grief, she was arrest ed on the supposition that she was tipsy, and locked op. Subsequently the troth of the case wssascertaloedasd reported to the Police Cap tain who h«d tinted the poor creature to be im prisoned ; bat that far ctioaary. with rare cm ally. In iptte of explanation. Insisted upon keeping the woman tn a cell all night, where she panel the weary tear a in a state of fremj, clinging to the deid cods other child. Rl. Rev. B. B. Smith. D.D., Bishop of the Diocese of Kentucky, confirmed nine colored fcTroo*. in S'. M-tk’a (colored) Cbnrch, Dais viK'.ooOocd Flesyoipht. There was a T ry large and appreciative eonerrgition present, and tbe order was so good and the responses so Cbo-rteg tbn tbe venerable prelate mtde special rtfeicnce o it in his address. The mon touch trs part of the serrice was at the close, when the Übbop. referring to bis advance In life and d«- cMmcg years, sain that he bad beengoisgoatano conutglaforncarly.fovtyyean tn thitdlceess, no te coald bsrdly expect to do so mnch longer. Hebopidtbatbewonianot have to cnfrje the i,twjy confirmed with nafaithmlnees when the* imt in tbe other world, to which all ate histec i v. Maty wire affected to tears, and, amldii tie sovran scene, he suddenly closed hti re- marks. Xbls is tne Jerycst number of colored .etvorattatwcce ever cosatmoi la Kentucky at lyotif time,aid tbe eoafimitlsnwas inch « successttstUwfUlone be remembered br the me-sbirr and other* waa witnessed It The Military Governor of Georgia offers r»o rtonssnd dollsrs for the trial and convic- tion, and cud thousand dollars for each sobse quest one, of tie principals acd acca»sories i& ibc mntder of Ashbnro. It is said that s camber if ‘hsrp deteedres are workingat thecsso. The Detroit TrUtme relates a most remark abl; cise Ot ln»*ttty, followed by doatb. which Uatsplreda fsweaya tlnee.' Mr. Albert' WUsi . wtll-u. do farmer. restrUufjr many year* t: Le*!k» towmbip, Ingham County, aboot 83 Jeue . f act* la tall health, was la cotnpaoy with hi* •Ifu »t a prsj«r meeting oa Saturday, Msrch T 8 He wi' mbl* hues, when caddeolt be sprsap tobis tic»ilmiD<, “ Cre lied, Tee !W!” sad itfli avored to climb up the aid* ol the room, bn* ©on, however, seemd himself again, and w.mborne. OnSnadsy,*3lh,he hecimsarav* tt-gtauiUe. leaped cmubT«ajb Uv« wmtow.acd wa# with difficulty retaken. Prom that time tt rroolrfd flve etreac men to macate blm. Oq life Ist be ru ukea to tbe aiylom at Kalamiaoo, -nd became c ilm on arrVriay there, saying that rt waa B«y City, where bis titter lives. On Friday, Si,be oied, and wat brought back to bit home ai d hruud. lie kaves a widow and on: adopted eti'o.' Benefits have been abolished at Wa'.lsck’a Tieatrr. KiwTurk, btc«nscthey Icurfertiwlalib the business. M*. Waltick makes cp tbe loss u> tiiarciors in fbis »»y: Tbe avenge of tbs three • mtesthexeflts enjoyed by each artist was taken as the price, and that average, free from. all the conttrgvceiea of wilnlght* and expense: o: ben «.fl% was paid v»cb artist. It Is probable that ee> V.n ax cvtly theatre would be gird lo enter Into a stall r arrangement. The St. Louis Demcxrat say* that a few Cayenne* tbe Provident aiked Ctpttln Djiritl WMIe. cf that nty, to tell him ctcdtdlywhat be thought woo'd he the.rcvult of the Impeachment tiUl. Waiterepliedftaaklyihathe toonght the President wond he round guilty. upon this Johnson asked bin what wu th e state of leeli eg la the Vest la rejard to thsmatter ; whether the people were not, too, indignant at the manner in which the trial was conducted. Captain While told turn that eo Ur se hU observation extended, theWesternpeopleweretotsljy.lndifferent,as to tas result. * An Invention has been examined by a com mittee of the New York Assembly, by which the aye? Sidney* in a legislative body can be taken. Tbs total ntmbir of votes were counted, (aysa end says separately}, and it printed on a strip or paper the names of etch member voting. In a bon* ten seconds of time. As a number votes, Iht . tact oLhis baring voted is Instantly shown to tbs whole home. A Washington despatch to the New York SVa rays ins railroad terminating at Chicago, win ptii delegates to and from the Republican Na tional Coamtloa firs* of charge, npon the applt cation of tie Chairman of each State Central Committee tot a auSdant number of tickets for their respective detentions. Applications must be made to ihe Presidents or Superintendents cl ths respective roads. D. Tommce, Vice President of the Mew York Central Railroad, contradicts the report, which we copied from tfie Troy Tlsws, that the igente of lie Central had been Instructed to re fuse to forward goods over that road consigned to New,York, by way of Hudson River. A man has been arrested near Henderson Kea tacky, da suspicion of ha ring been concern ed In the BQMeUnlla bank robbery. Be baa a wound In the le*l arm. Nearly fh.ooo In green back* was found sawed np tn bis coat. Be was taken to BosaeUvllle. The Haasachosett Senate, on Thonday, pasted to its third reading .the license hill which bss already passed the Boose. The Boston Doity ■ AdrrrtUtr oji the bill Is objectionable tn its de tails, and does not meet the wishes or lha expec tatlona of many of tba special Wands cf the liotaae -movement. They aceepted.lt as tbs best that .could be oof obtained, mhjset, at tteybcpe,to boproTCmcnt hereafter. It Is a better bill, in respects, than was .promised early In-the , section; bat the provisions coder which the , whole question of licensing may be thrown into ths town and osy elections every year, and tfp -1 -pttmr shops may be licensed at the discretion of the ccmmisT loners,, where It is voted to bars Ikenw at all, will be found exceedingly vulner able, The trails am «vwrton-o( wponUrtHty, ; lt jf ths ascocd is a concession to darner. Neither cn be defended, cr win be Icnr sustained. The biU,bo»env, with Its admitted napertfccooai, is I -likely to become a ls v , and ought to have, wtnt dtreemsvals to he pe fat—a fair trial.' [’ ’The'Soxricnief.iUdi): Hiroii say* that t.'Oesryeßttaon dteden Sunday nlghvtbe t 9 h ultimo, att» residence near Kingston, In Soaer , «x»o«Wvy,,ftom eating chickens that were at ticktd »uh Jb« choices, which is raging In tbit - Specimen* cf thenew one, three and five cat cctni from the Xml Is Philadelphia were received at tie c flea of the Comptroller of the Txt»«ury oa Friday. Thenew are cent pieces ate the *!»<■ the present pieces, the three ce« and one are somewhat smaller. The devices on at of them are alike—on one side the ‘Barf of tbeTooddssa ot Liberty, amended by tbevnada u United States of America; " on the otter aide tie the Bosun numerals one, three ana Its- ! FROM WASHINBTON. Miseries of (he Democratic Party. Judge Onrtla as a Presidential Candidate. fipeclil Correspondence of The Chicago Trthaa*. WAsnuotOH, April 10. . Impeachment, if it have no other virtue,, nhoold Bare", at least, the credit of furnish ing the Democrats with a candidate (br the Presidency; which, if public sentiment among the party leaders and the party Con gressmen here to-night is any indication. It has done to-day. The man long sought has rome to them. The party, at first, thinking they bed only decently embalmed McClellan in 1804'and placed him in * receiving vault, “here he had been well preserved, deliber ated on the policy of again nominating him In the coming Presidential canvass; bat upon a minute inspection of the Chieftain's remains, he waa found to smell worse than YorUk or Alexander, and so they pah-ed and east him aside. la digging about among the decayed stumps of the party, these President-seekers .-truck on Pendleton, and he was fur a time the C'ptci&l hud of promise, and they mined and teidd him carcfblly, that be might not be frost-bitten ere he blossomed.* Be was good looking; he was rich ; he was of Southern origin; he bad the manners of a born prince; he waa from, the West, and that section would be conciliated as well as the Sonth. Tes, Pendleton was the man. Ho could carry the West and Southwest, and be could cany the Southern and enough of the Northern states to be elected. But, presto! here la a worm in the bud. It will not do to nominate Pendleton. He Is not right on the finance question. The wagon-load of rich men don’t like his repudiation principles; so Pendleton goes overboard. Then Horatio Seymour looms tro. Unlike Pendleton, he Is square on the Democratic platform, so far as finances go. He is right ■lso on the war question. He fbnght the Sivcinment as well as he was able as overnor of New York, while seeming to be a frlendof the soldier. He is popmar at home and cannot be distasteful to ourSonlh cra brethren. He Is the only man in the party that can carry New York. He Is a fine orator, andean control any amount of money in his own great State on the contingency of his nomination. There can be little doubt that Seymour Is the man; but to be qmto sure, we will search his record caretully, that there may be no possibility of failure. His record was found very good, but his speeches in the early years of the war would kok a little bad to the soldiers, when repro duced by tbe Republican newspapers, and as tbe soldier vote wonld be an important lever in the coming election, U waa thought that they bad better put a pin through Seymour for tbe present and look further. Tbe dilemma now was to Andaman that could rally the soldiers, and who was willing to be picked to pieces for slxor eight months for the chances of belcg picked toplecea for four years In tbe White House. These men wanted a courageous mao, one as invulnera ble as possible in private character, who could grace Us elation as President—Cor they of course counted with entire certainty on Ins election-a man whom they could change about as their party changed; who was loyal to the South and rot unfriendly to the North. They did not want a “buffoon,” like Lincoln, of ungainly gait and form. They uioit lave a man whobsd always been silent on the subject ufbondi and taxes and tariffs. They did not search long. Sheridan’s r< mor al from the Fifth District, and Hancock’s assignment thereto, was tbe bell which •Intied > In the ears of the right man. Yea, Hancock vu tbe man. True, he had never been thought of before. but “ that order of hla” did the business—“ the military sub ordinate to the civil authorities.” He la the man they had been locking for. He didn’t knew anything about politics, and so he bad never said ant thing that in tbe future would “stare npon him witnanxmfrleodlv look,” and hchad been rilenlonthemouey question. He bad only been interested in It to the amount of six or eightthousand a year, and his expe nence Id taxes was had only at the Paymas ter's table—“five per cent on all salariesover fix hundred dollars.” Besides Hancock was a soldier, and a popular one. He could rally all the soldiers and soldiers* friends. Had not McClellan called him the “ superb Han cock ?" Besides, what a handiomc mao I *• A conbicstloo, tod a form, Indeed, Where *v«ry ged did se.ra to eet bU eosl, l a pive ibe world aß«ardOCe of a map.” lie would have the sympathies of the ladles-- i»r whata picture bia would be to circulate 1 Hut these rocs came to gnef with Hancock. He didn't raise the enthusiasm ot the as was expected. Bis name did not sweep like a whirlwind through the country. There was no tornado. Then Johnson snuffed him out with his message to Congress comparing him with George Washington. They next cast about them for a candidate In the Republican party. They hit upon Chase. They dldu’t kno-'- why, unless It was because It seemed apparent that the Repub lican! would not nominate him. But Chase, when the matter came to him, laughed and ridiculed the idea as not helug of sufficient gravity to consider. He wondered what he brd do; c that they should assail him thus. If he had ever done anything which the Democratic party concurred In, he was sorry, and would go into backcloth at once. He did not reek the c*rcs deccy from any party, and hoped he should not have to go out of his own party for friends. So far m life te had font d it unnecessary, and be wassatlsQ-d -Ithhla present station. They became desper ate then. Tiuyntrer Ukea Chase. He was an Abolitionist orlglnallv. He could not get me lull Democratic vo'e, and they wouldn't have him anyway. When the detet.ee began their case in the impeachment trial, the Democrats had no i-*taofthe name tneir candidate would carry -*f:er t.oJoly Convention. They were only sure it could not be any of those mentioned 41K.r0. This was probably the case at the cluseof ihe tlrsi day’s proceedings also ; but 10-tlgbi, being the second ot the defence, be question is decided. Benjamin R. Cnrtia, i Bos ot, Is the name of the next Piesldent, recording to the D;mocmts now in Wash ington. His opening- speech, which was dnifelud to-day, points him out as a proper man. He Is calm, dignilied, and wilt com mand tesbect (this b tho manner of their talk). He Is not a dicayed polluclsn. Bela olTVbig aloe* and will be u*eful in that dlr’Ction. He is a great lawyer. Ha can ■ell about the constitution and the laws, ad . There are, in all candor, no two opinions regarding Mr. CartlV speech. which be closed 'o d»j. It wm tbe ben that could be made. Everybody adnuU It. The manner or its de livery* as charming to a cultivated taste. There vaano bombast, no attempt at orator* ical display, no stage tone, no meanlnciees gestures. He showed a magnificent dltd*io Tor little things, and scorned to bid for the applause of the audience. IDs argument was straightforward and manly, and it was de livered in a straightforward and manly wav. The question is ou everybody’s Ups; “ TSUI not bis speech mike Curtis the Democratic nominee lor President?” Nxx- THE TRANSPORTATION QUES- TION. Tbe KftmitT of cheapening Freight from the W eat to the Ocean. Vuvicm. April, ;6CB To tbe Kdltcr of Tbe CbiesgoTrionte: There is no subject which |can eagage the attention or the Western people equal In Importance to that of lessening the cost of inimport of the products of the West to I tidewater. The consideration of this mat ter Is not only of paramount necessity to the producers of the West, but is rapidly gain- 1 log weight with the maonlsctorers of the East, who find it necessary to make some movement to reduce the cost of the necessa ries of life, and thus cheapen skilled labor. I propose, therefore. In one or more let ters, to consider as briefly as poa tible, the present outlets from the West to the ocean,—how Ins uffl cent they are to re docc.the cost of transport to a min In cm rate, and what ts necessary to be done to accom plish so desirable a result, It ia, however, im possible to adapt the means to this end, * itbont taking into vie w the vast extent of the Western country, and its probable if net certain future. Haifa century ago, this great Western region contained only straggling forts and trading points, and cow it contains nearly one-thlru of the Population north of the Gulf of Mexico.. Emigration from the fasten States and from the Old World, has poured into it living streams. Its future none can predict, bat judging from the post. It will year by year assume Increasing Importance, and will warrant the largest expenditure to accom modate the vast trade wiuch it will fnmiafa to its outlet channels of commerce. For this trade.a? it now exists, the most costly works have been constructed to secure Its advantages to each cf the great Northeastern Atlantic cities. Canada has Improved the Sc. Lawrence by a series of magnificent email around the rapids of that river; and br a canal which connects. Lakes Oatvto and Erie ; New York has spanned the portage between the Bndaon and Lake Ontario, by canals of great length; Penn- S 1 raoia has the Atlantic with the no River by a canal over the Alleghany Mountains.; Maryland and Virginia have ex pended large sums In extending their canals projected across the same barrier, while .In dividual enterprise has extended railways from the Allantio almost to the extremity of the Northwest, through Canada, New Eng land, New York, Pennsylvania and Mary land. The two natural outlet channels for the tradeof the Northwest are the Mi«lcslppi and the Bt. Las fence Rivers. The Mississip pi, the upper portion of which runs along the western border of the territorv, is navi gable tram the Falls of St. Anthony for more than two thousand miles to the Gulf of Mexico. The great chain of lakes running through the northern portions of it connect with the River and Gulf of the St Lawrence, give a continuous navigation of *2,500 miles. Lake Superior ia COO feet above the level of the sea, and is twenty-seven feet above Lakes Heron and Michigan. At the outlet of Lake Superior there la a canal or one mile in letgth,aad It has two locks which will pass vessels of 2,000 tom. The Niagara Rivet between Lakes Erie and On tario bas a fail of 270 feet. The Welland Canal, which connects the navigation be 'tween these lakes, Is twenty-eight miles loeg, «llh! twenty-eleven locks, which. wIU Sjs vessels of 350 tons. The St. Lawrence ver,ln>oi the cast end of Lake Ontario to - Montreal, has a tall of 220 fret, which Is over come by seven short canals of an aggregate length of forty-seven miles,' with twenty*. mwi locks, which »U 1 pass vessels of eight hundred tons. The channel of the St- Law - rence baa been deepened to that aea-golog vessels drawing twenty fret, at the lowest stage of water, can come up the rivet as far as Montreal. All of these works, with the exception of. the outlet at Lake Superior, have been constructed by the Canadian Gov ernment. -• • j_ Tbe state of Kew York has built a canal from Boflkio on Lake Erie, and from Oswego on Lake Ontario to Albany on the Hadron River, a continued length of five hundred and sixty-nine miles, with locks which allow the parage of boats of two hundred and fifty , tons. Kewx'orkhastlsoconstrnctedacinal •lilj-flro miles long trout the Hudson Kiret to Lake Champlain, with locks which pas* boats of elghtv. tons. Such U a briei sketch of the artificial works now existing and built for the purpose of attracting the commerce ol these Western States to the Atlantic. It Is not nfces-arylbrmr present object to allude to the efforts made by Pennsylvania, Maryland. Virginia. Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Wiscon sin, in the construction of canals, as the commerce of the West is more dependent for an outlet on the canala of Canada and the State or New York. Independent, ho «erer, of canals as a means of transport between the West and East, there are the various Itres of railway, constructed by individual enterprise, in some cases assisted by the gov ern nu nt. The first of these extends from a point one hundred , and fifty miles below Quebec, and from Portland, In Maine, ihr»o?bboth Eastern and Western Canada, to the State of Michigan. The second extends from Poston to Montreal, and the eastern end of Lake Ontario and to Albany, where U connects with the Central line through the State of Ne - York, The third extends by two lines from the city of New York to Lake Erie, and from thence westward along the shore of Lake Erie to Chicago, Milwaukee, it. Louis and riodnnaiL ihe fourth ex tend? from Philadelphia to the Ohl j River, connecting with the third line at Cleveland, &nd the filth line extends from BtUlmore to -he Obioßtvir. Chicago and Mli*aakce arc ct’Rneckd with the Mlsilasippl at Cairo, <r. Louie, Alton, Quincy, Dubuque, Prairie .lu ( LKn, LaCrosse, St. Paul, and from each f lint a others radiate In every direc •lon. This territory,then, ofthe Northwest, a* thus described, has within itself an arti ficial water navigation of one thousand miles, ard eight thousand miles of railway In opera tier, beside.*- more In progress. It baa two natural ard two artificial water lines leading to the ocean, besides five great tnmk lines of railway extending to the Atlantic scaDoard. The ocean ports at the termini of the two natural water lines are Montreal and New Orleans, and those at the termini of the swo artificial water Uses are New York and Phil, odelphla. The ocean ports al the Unnini of the trunk railways arc Quebec, Portland, Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Bos ton. I bare thus presented to your readers, a brief, but I believe a true (ketch of the means, natural and artificial, upon which the people of this groat Northwest territory bare to depesd lor the transport of their products to a market, and the question now comes op, Are these means sufficient tor the lutore, and is the cost of the trans port now as cheap as It may be made? The future greatness of the trade of the Northwest needs neither illustration nor ar gument, Its development in the last twenty fire years, from almost nothing, to an export <-f cereals equal to ninety tnuilooa bosnela from Lake Michigan alone, Is of itself a fact 00 astonishing as to prepare ns to accept the most star ling speculations. Previous to the year 1825. the trade of the lakes was trifling. The Kne Canal was opened In that year, and the tide ol emigration began to more with great force to the lakes. Hitherto the trade uf the West had mostly taken the route of the Mfrids-lppt River. For fifteen years the Influx of emigration was such as to coasume ti>e greater part of the surplus productions. Eznlgtalloo continued, and still con times »lth an Increasing ratio, and the fixed population is rapidly gaining on its 6orpins production over til domestic demands. Toe eastern bound tonnage of the Erie Canal derived from the lakes in thc rear IS3B was 54,319 toss. In 1653 It was 2,213,090 tons, or twenty-two fold in seventeen yean*, and In 1661 It was not much ks< than 4,200,000 tons, and before 1970 U will probably exceed 5.500,000 tons as the surplus product of the West moving east, and were all this business done through the Erie Carol the total -movement would ex ceed 9,000.000 tons. Why, look at the frrowtb of Chicago alone, the chief collect t.g point of this western region. From a miserable village of log bnts, with a handful of the usual hangers-on ol a military out post. It has within a period of thirty years b- come a great city,«lth a papulation. In ottwo hundreaand fifty thoosandinhab- Hants, * hen In 1633 It had only a ponlatioa of seventy eight, and where the arrivals and departures of vessels, and railway trams aro exceeded by New York alone. Then, when it Is considered bow insignificant a part of the vast territory tributary to the commerce of the lakes Is yet occupied and cultivated, no one can for a moment doubt that, great as the increase of the West has been in population and production, daring the last thirty years, this Increase will * be still greater In the next thirty years. The State of Minnesota, for Instance, con tains an aif a of 52,000.000 acres. In 1659 ►he Imported wheat and flonr for coosump ik d, and, m 18G5. 10 000,000 bnsbela wheat were harvested. In ISC4 no rallwaysexisted there, and powtherrareupwardaofGCOmUcs, but I trust defer further remarks on Uus im portant subject to my next letter. A Webteok Thapeo. POLITICAL, The Fifth ConzreMlonal District—lie* pobllean Primary neetloK at Peoria -How it was Conducted. Piobia, April li. To tbe Editor of The Cbicsgo Tnbane: The Republicans of Peoria city held their primary meeting lait night to select thirty delegates to the County Convention, chanced with tbe selection of ten delegates each to the Congressional and Slate Conven tions. The meeting, notwithstanding tbe state of the weather, wts largely attended, and was mere stormy and boisterous thaa the Republicans of this Oty—haviT*ever be fore seen. It developed a strong and de termined opposition to the return of £. C. Ingmoll to Congress. The meeting was called to order by tbe Chairman of tho City Committee. David McCulloch, E<q., was nominated by the op |K>bii ion fer permanent Chairman, and H. G. Anderson, a chronic candidate for aay lit tle office the family have to bestow, was t-omln l-d by the Ingersoll faction. Mr. McCulloch was chosen Chairman by a decid ed majority. This alarnud the 'lngersoll men, aid toe Colonel and Emcrv immediate ly sent out a half dozen men for recruits. ibey succeeded in closing op the Post Office, in gelling the employes m the Transcript of flee, and in emptying the saloons into the bouse, consuming the time by talking and motions until they could rallv their men. A te-t ballot was then taken on two of the candidates for committceto nominate dele* gate*, which resulted In favor of the Ingersoll faction by about thirty major* ity. A Urge part of this majority was obtained by the personal appeals or Col* oml Ingerfcli to men not to vole ■gainst himself for Governor; and had he tn*en on*, of tte question the majority would bare been as large against his brother. A motion was tht-n made, as a burlesque, that Mr. troery be allowed to select the other members of the committee, which he with bis characteristic modesty proceeded to do. The opposition then withdrew, and the can ons parsed a resolution recommending Colo nel Ingersoll for Governor, acd bis brother for Congress, the latter part of which was received *Uh decided disapprobation by many friends of the Colonel. The opposition .to £. C. Ingersoll was marked acd decided, and had thj is<ue been made upon him, disconnected Irom the Col onel, he would undoubtedly havebren beaten. His support comes mainly from men for whom he hss secured appointments, and small claqners who want some petty office, the whiskey ring, which was out In fall force last right, and the editor of tbe Tranrript. But tbe people of this district will not much longer submit to be represented by a man who has so little of their confi des ce sod respect as has Hr. Ingersoll. Uowever vigorouelv the lash may be applied b J papers bind to work in his interest, we in ibis county will not support Hr, Ingersoll. Two year* ago we did u from motives of public policy, on the ground that it was bet* ter to hare sn unsound Republican, who would not dare to vote against us on Impor tant banes, than a Democrat who would al ways do »o. Since that Umo he has done noth ing that merits a return to Congress, and 11 we can send a more reliable m * n and a soldier, we propose to do so. Fob Sold mas ‘ Caxcedat*. Kevaeks,—As the above letter cornea from a responsible source ire publish it aa It Is written. Bat we do not thereby acquiesce la any suggestions lo favor of bolting nomtaa- Lions which may be dlsiastefhl to Individ* oals. The time may come when party dis cipline can be relaxed without jeopardizing interesta ol greater magnitude than the claims of Individuals, bat in oar judgment that time has not yet come. Jl Homan tie Attempt at Self-Slorder. Saixt Pxm, Vmn.,Apni9. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: A very romantlcjaod determined attempt at sell-murder was made in this town on Saturday of last week. The would-be sol- , cide Is a young, beautiful and accomplished lady, who came to ibis place last autumn, on a visit to relatives residing here, and since her antral has moved In the first circles of society, and has borne and still bears an Irre proachable character. The yonag lady was first discovered after the 1 mentable evenly about 5 o’clock p. m. on the 4ih Instant, near the outskirts of the town, bj General 31. B. Stone. She was then standing, or rather walking about In the read, and evidently laboring under great pbvsical pain as well as mental distress. She lesonght the General, who tint dis covered her, to take her home. Fortunately, bis herses were near by. hitched to his wagon, which enabled him fto drive the itm happy young lady to the residence of her trienos In a verr few minutes after her dis covery. Directly on her arrival a surgeon was seal for. who, upon examination, dis covered that his patient had been shot In the chest, a little below the heart, the-ball g.sndng along one of tbe ribs, under the rkln. and finally passing out andemeath the left thonldtr-blaae, inflicting a severe though not dangerous wound. Subsequent investi gation has cleared np what was at first an impenetrable mystery, and shown that the mb girt had violently, and with deadly in tent, assailed her own life. Her garments about the wound bore marks of having been burnt by powder, and a single-barrel pistol and box of cartridges (with one charge gone) were found in the young ladv’s muff. - These proofs of a suicidal purpose have been fully confirmed by the young lady henelA who has confessed an attempt al self deitmction, declaring that she dsrirea no longer to live. She says that she is the victim of unrequited affection; that she U hopelessly attached to a young geatlemmol this place, and favorably known here, but that the young gentleman U already affianced to another. The young gentleman, so doaud upon, as may be Imagined, was for oce or two days after the calamity almost distracted by grief, and he, Indeed, mourned and refusedwbe comforted. But after being >«nt lor and holding several lengthy interviews 1 with the suffering young iadr, a ‘change came over him. the fonereal gloom disappeared, and lo its stead there brightness. - Sin. Grundy affirms, with some confidence, that a letter has been despatched by lbs yourg man to bis affianced, requesting a cancellation of their marital contract, tor rtnsons that may be imagined, but have not been disclosed. One thine Is certain, and that L>, the voting lady-is nuldlj r«-coverlng ana. r the healing Influence* of the young gentleman's frequent visits, and the young nun himself bears a much stronger resemblance to a bridegroom than to a “ chief mourner.” Bxostoxk. D’ARCy KcGES. Bli Adventure* In 184S* Promt eToronto GloSe. After the secesjion ofthe Young Ireland early from Conciliation Hall, In 1646. under tb< It adershlp of the late Mr. Smith O’Bnen. the confederation - as established, and at all Ur meetings McGee *as one of Its most forcible and prominent speakers. He was not a favorite with many ofthe leading spirits of tbo party .with whom he was asso ciated ; but he and Charles Cavan Duffy, ; woo has since so conspicuously figured ss a statesman In Aus tralia, ' were always the fastest friends, and carried on with each’other a £ri end! y cor respoodrtie- no to the time cf his death. When the British Government suspended the' habeas corpus act In 1948, It was resolved at a meeting uf the Executive Connell, held at their rooms in D'Oller street, that this act ol despotism should be resisted by force of arms, and for that purpose an appeal should be made to the country, and the prominent leaders aent Into those districts waere their U'flniDCc wlih the peasantry was greatest. According to this arrangement, the late Smith O'Brien, the late Colonel Doheny. and the late John B. Dillon, the late General Meauher, Richard O’Gorman, onl others, left Dublin and proceeded to their assigned localities; bni was charged with bringing over from Glasgow an expedition, wh:cb bad been organized and armed In that dry. Descriptions of the leaders were pub li-dud in the Sue and CVy—a sort of private police gazette—ard rewards offered for their apprehension. The country was s vann ing with detectives *, the railway depots clrsrly watched, and the stage coach lines placed under strict po lice scrutiny. The proclamation of the sus- Kndon of the Hdbcus Corpus act was mode Dublin on a Sunday morning In July, 1646, but Mr. McGee departed suddenly from the city on Saturday evening and arrived in Londonderry on the following morning, where be met a friend, as be was taking his matutinal walk npon the historic walls of the maiden city. The meeting occurred on a much frequented spot of this very public promenade —it was exactly over Bishop’s gate. McGee placed his finger on bis lip, which his friend at once understood; no name war mentioned, and they >■ sited past Walker’s monument, out of nutcher'e gate, through that suburb of Derry called the “bog aide.” into the coaiitry, and np on the green hills which kok upon fair Lough tiwllly, where Wolfe Tone was captured, and upon the mountains of grey Inulsuoweai t«re conoid or traitor there never ws* none.” Mr. McGcc briefly explained the proceed* Ings ol the previous forty-tight hoars, the Sl.n or action and the duty to which he was ttailed. The assizes, which were about to o mmence the next day la Derry, brought many professional men from Dublin to the city, and It was therefore deemed prudent not to return to his h< tel, where he stayed under the name of Doyle, until night had cast her shadows alh wart the waters of the Fojle. .The evening was spent In McGee's bedroom, where future prospects of success were enthnmstically discussed. His com panion wrote a letter to his wife In Dublin, elmpiy stating that Mr. Doyle has passed through Derry, and was in good health and spirits. Ue was then scant of mon-*y, hat expected to And drafts on his arrival la Glasgow, for which place he left by steamer the next evening. When he arrived In Glasgow be met m 3 friends, and pot np at a hotel to await some Intelligence of Smith O’Brien’s movements, and conse qmn lr no expedition left for Ireland. When he bad been there a fortnight he was discov ert d by the dttcctives. and a warrant was being mod- ont lor bis arrest, when intelli gence ol ibis fact reached the ears of Glen d*ycr Scott, who was a wealthy citizen and a prominent member of the Repeal Associa tion. Be hastened to inform Mr. McGee of his uatger. mppUed him with funds, and took the next train fbr Newcastle-on-Tyne. When «Itbln a few miles of this piece, they returned towards Glagow, got oat at a way station, ond took the stage coach for a little port on the Scotch coast wh>nce a steamer plies daily to Belfast, and makes the trip In about three hours »nd a half. This was lucky, for the police had hired a special train, passed them on the way, and were awaiting Mr. McGee at the Newcastle station. There was only another passenger in the coach, bat to bis great horror that passenger was no other than the renowned Rev. TceshamGreeg, who v as the great champion of (he Orange and Govenmtnt party in Ireland. Mr. McGee thought be '•onld be. delivered over by the reverend loyalist to the first ■policeman they should tneet. Bnt he was agreeably disap point* d ; Tresham did not take the slightest I notice of him, and soon himself and his car- i pet travelling bog were stowed away on tbe I steamboat, lie arrived In Belfast about mid- 1 night, walked to tbe Ulster Railway, took the tram for Armagh, which he reached abont daylight From Armagh he proceeded to Omagh, in Tyrone, by jaunting-car, tjience to Enniskillen, and from that to Sligo, where tbe Ribbon men took charge of nun, and concealt d him daring a fortnight at the base of Benbnlben Mountain. Here be remained in perfect security until he communicated with hla friends in Glasgow, and funds were forwarded to enable him to escape from the country. His object was to reach Donegal or Deny, and getaway by some ship leaving cither ul those ports for America. He moved (cum Bcnbnlben, first to Donegal, and was concealed In the town and in tbe very boose where Sir Thomas Blake, of Menlo Castle. County Galway, « as then stationed as one or H»r Majesty’s “ Resident Magistrates.” Ho remained there a week, and Sir Thomas got iofurniatlon of the tact on the very day be took his departure. The worthy Baronet gave close pursuit, and traced him up to Der ry, ■ here the late Bishop 3lcGlnn and some of hit clergy rendered him effectual aid. He wok provided >» Ith a clerical suit of clothes ard a brtviary. In the garb of a Catholic priest be was passed through the eocmv’s lirrs and put on board a ship anchored off Neville at the month ol the Foyle, called tbe ’’Shamrock,” and commanded by Captain John Moore, ot Galway. He was several days at »ea before he let tbe Captain know h*e reel character, but his confidence was not misplaced. Tbe Captain treated him hospitably, and brought him safely to New York. TRUTH STRANGER THAN FIG TION. Atiemotctf Frsnd ud It* PlMorerr aii E«uie ot $150,000 FrandaWtl; ■lrlo for HfiMp Year*—Two of the Tlim liisbttol Ueln Lire In Slln* bcapolis. Prom the Minneapolis Tribnie, April 13 From data before ns, it appears that Mrs. George FTolt and Mrj. J. W. Brigham, of ibis city, with a 'brother residing at Chicopee, M»ss., are sole heirs to an estate of $150,000, left by a brother who died Id Detroit, Mich., twenty.rix years since. Jonas C. Brightm, the brother referred to, sod ol Dr. Luther Brigham, of Chicopee, Mass, restored to Detroit about the year 153S,ard. embarked in the dry goods ousl ness. Four years later he inreoted, and pro cnrrd a patent oo certain machinery for gen* crailrg gus, and entered Into a contract to light tbo city, but in experimenting,' one evmlng, an captation occurred, and he was iastaotly killed. At the time of ms death he was betrothed to the daughter of Colonel Brooks, a wealthy gentleman, and at that time a Custom Douse officer. Colonclßrook* Immediately wrote Brigham’s lather, inform* log him .of the death ot his eon, acd that If desired, he (Colonel Brooks) would' act as administrator in settling np the estate and forward him the proceeds; taking rare to state, however, that the amount would probably be very trifling. Be was accord* ingly made administrator, and, after a little time bad passed, wrote Mr. Brigham that his | son left nothing bat a gold watch, and cloth* lug which the administrator thought eh*old : be given him for hla trouble. Kno vine noth ing of his sou's business affairs, Mr. Brigham accepted the statement as true, gave the watch and clothing, and never realized as much as one peony from the estate. Thus nutters have rested for twenty*slx years, none of the heirs fbra mom sat dream log of fraud or unfairness until about three months since, when Mrs. Holt and Mrs. Brig ham received a letter from the person who acted as judge of Probate at the time the es tate was 'settled. He wrote merely to In quire their given names, “as they might be made partita In legal proceedings in regard to property once belonging to Jonas C. Brigham.” Their suspicions were at once aroused, and without replying to the letter a friend was sent to De troit to. qnletly search the records, and obtain an abstract of all property stand ing in their brother’s name. The investiga tion revealed the fact that there Is standing upon the recorus, in the name of Jonas C. Bngbsm, one piece of property in the heart of the city, now worth H 0,000; nine lots, also in the heart of the city, worth $50.000; eighty acres of land a few miles out, worth at least $3.000; a store, house and lot, and three acres of land in Newport, and one hun dred ana sixty seres of land in Illinois. The total value of the property la about $150,000. Judge Jones, as attorney for the heirs, has been In Detroit for some days, and has writ ten them corroborating the above. Colonel Brook s died ten yean since. The administra tion has never been completed, and the gal lant Colonel and Judge of Probate have been collecting the rents, and enjoying a good thfrg. Since the death of the | Colonel the Judge has had it all his own way, and his ob ject in visiting the heirs was, donblleas, to buy them off for a mere song, when his term of office expired he violated the law by con veying the records in this case to his home, where they remained until he was forced to give them np recently. a „. , , It seems that seven yean alter Brigham’s death, an Individual came forward and pre sented what purported to be a bond for a deed to tht property now valued at $40,000, but the Instrument licked seal and wit nesses, and the Court has persistently refused to Issue an order confirming the title. The bond la believed to be a forgery, and the property will undoubtedly be divided among the three rightful heirs. A Quarrel and Probably Two Suieti. From the New Albany (lad.) CocuserciahAprti IS. A horrible tragedy took place about six miles northeast of Columbus City, Whitley County, near Cone Station. Thursday after-, soon, resulting Is the death of one,and prob ably two, of tne participants. The names of the parties engaged in the affair are R. T. Shepler, John. Taylor and his brother Jasper Taylor. For'some time past,,there has been difficulty among them” respecting a farm purchased from the Taylors by Sheo ler. John Taylor and his brother called at tbe house ,ol 'Shepler about three o’clock -Monday afternoon, and inquired if the u men folks * were at home. Suspecting nothing wrong tbe women informed them that they were working at an out-house near by, to which Johi Taylor Immediately went, and called Shepler, and, after a few words with him, drew a revolver . and shot i btm with the weapon, the ball pass ing through the region of the heart, killing him almost instantly. - It is stated by some that Jasper. Taylor was also shot during the affair, but no tiling is yet positively koo *u as to .this.. John Taylor made good us eacipc, but Is being followed up vigorously, aud will probably soon be arrested. Deceased waa a ■ingle msn, about twenty-three years of ace. The Taylor brothers are aged respectively thirty mid thirty-fire. BOARD OF HUITN. Appointment ol Sanitary Po* lice —Weekly Mortality Report The Sanitary Surrey of the Sixth and Fifteenth Wards* A regular meeting of the Bosrd of Health waa beid yesterday afternoon, Xr. Hoard la the chair. iODnioiu polios. The Committee on Appointment! reported, recommending the esp'oymentof six additional sanitary policemen for four month*, and ins re* port was accepted and tbe nomination! confirmed. aaaizAsxacPssißTXMDSs**! xxpobt. The reion of tbs Sanitary Superintendent waa read. Iron wblcb it appear) that there were sev enty ■nine deaths for but week, an Increase of fifteen over the corresponding week of last year, and eight more than for tbe week ending April S. Of these, lotty-fonr were males and thUty-fivi females. Twenty died aged natter one year, and sixteen aged between one and three. The mortality by wards uas follows: First Wartf,a: asrond Ward, 4; Third Ward, l; Fourth Ward, 4: f*fth W»rd,«; Sixth Ward, 3; StiTFStb Wald, 9: BUbth Ward. 5; Ninth Ward, 5: Tenth Wjrd, I; Eleventh Wart, 8; T*elf.h Ward, 5: Tntrteenth Ward, S; Ponrteiotb Ward, 3; Fittcsoih Ward, 13; Sixteenth Ward, 4; U.c« Hospital, 1 : Mercy Hofplut, 1; Orphan Aayinn, %. The deaths by day* are a* follow*; April S'h, l«; Bib, 8; Tih, 13; sm,7; Ota, 11; IDth, te; llth, There were nine deatha from phthisis pnlmo nsils, five from pcenrooma, and lour from small pox. There were three still and three premature birth*. The f-Uowlogis a summary of the sanitary sur vey cf tte sutui Ward, by Dr. B. M Laskey, Sanitary lotpectoi: NomMror blccks, 74; inperflclal area, 9,981, BD7 sensrt feet; streets and parts of streets, 39; alsev*, Gfi. The maxunnm height of natural surface above tbe lake level is 19 feet 1 inch, and the mintmnm S feet 3 Itches. Fonr streets have been partially raised to grade, 6 are supplied with mams. 4 with sub-nuitt, ana 4 with pipes. There are 310 •ewers connecting with the public ones and SO rnnnlrg to river and slips. There are 830 baud' lags wi.bonr icwtr connections. There are tA9S lots supplied with lake water, and there are id fire-picgs. Toe whole number of buildings la 3,142—3.000 cf which are wood. 25 brick and 1 stone. They are chased as follows: Dwellings, 1.340; stores, 193; workshops, 127; saloons, 119; factories, 7 ; hotels, 3; stables, Sd6; tenant houses, 388; of fice*. 49 ; churches, 3. The total population iv 13.309, to 10,590 in 1066. There are 6,500 males, 5,896 lemalea, and 9 col ored. Tbepreraliag nationalities are Oermsn, Iri»h, Bohemian and American, and they are c<fly employed as mechanics and U“racers. In the ward, 11.871 have been vaccinated, and4oS never vscciuated. The following is a summary of the sanitary bttelicrscf tte Fifteenth Ward, by Sanitary In spector John Reid, M. D. Toe total nnmber of buildings Is ot which are of wood, 128 of brick, and Oof atone. They are classed attoiiows: factories,23; distllterles,B; cbnnhe*. 13; workshops, 17: stores, 283; saloons,. :*; pobHc reboot.*, 4 ; seminaries sod colleges, 3; asylums, 9; gas works, 1; water tower. 1; waterworks, 1; water reservoir,! ; engine boose, 1 ; police station, 1 ; hospital, 1; railroad stable, 1 ; pecking house, 1; breweries, 8 ; shipyards,2; dry cock, I ; mlsceUaneona. 12. The population is 20.429. to 15.T1S In 1553. Tbe ma'es ire 1u,C04, end the fcmilra 10,393. Tbe nitiosamie* are as tollowa: Amcricvn, mi 44: Get mao, 4.232; Irish, 3.9&1; Swedish, 1.0;4; Nor«egta-,753; Bogil*h,47t; Scotch, 153; Canadlar.SS'j; French,63; Italian, 9; Belgtao, it; Bohemian, CO; 3wis«,Bs; Ilnuxa nsn, ]i: Foi e,69; Rntslao,4; Greek*,S; Bra xtiiacs, z; colotec, JB. The board adjourned. PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS. A LIU of Important Propo sals—The Well Curb at tbe Water Works, Expenditures Earing the Yoar Past, Tte Board of Public Works yesterday opened the fcl owing bfdt for toe laying of private drains oa Mlcbigaa, North CLtrk and Vac Barca streets; BTBJtXT IKTBOTkmtTS. Michigan K. Clark Van Boreo Street. Street. Street. Sameaotßidden. r” f»| S** fgg I' , ( fgs J.a.C. Halpln.... .79 fTS Tw iTw "aS f9.00' Martin Mnianty.. .to ic.rt .65 u.ta T. H. DoDjr $0 fI.K .93 10.0 C M 8.00 T.O'Br.en 4t 9JO C. tf. Falter (0 10.00 .79 11.00 .73 U.OO Woodruff ft BnQtD .13 9.50 .70 13.60 .iS 10.00 B. o'Ntii. « 10. CO .5* W.<9 AS W.fO J. Mcllnsh <9 9.C0 .60 10.0) 9 10.09 Johanna;... JM g.9C .33 9.75 .39 8.73 Jimci Handle;... 10.00 .S Id.oo .CD 10.00 MlcJ/l HtLwn JO 10.00 Mattln ilapann... .13 11.00 ,55 13.00 C. O rkeMhaw « 10.00 .19 10.00 .<9 10.06 J. I'. DlcSey <3 13.00 .$0 12.00 .tO 12.00 tv. M. Dee .38* ll.ft. fl 11.00 nvnmn. Tte fooowlcg bids for tr etching and back-fill l?tr, mclQdtnr the taktnenp and relayirg of pare meats for ail waier-plpea Uld daring the year, wrreopeted: John Daffy. per foot; Martin Uulaney* itue; Qeoese Gllmartla i Svc; J. McQoeb.se; Bartley Lanran, 14s; P. D Beitt eber, 13c; James Lyman, 0c for trenching and back fllunp, 7c additional far pUnkicg.gravciitoe acd mseaaamizing; Wtlliam Goggio, 6>ic; Patrick K*;ily, luc; James Beil, 6e for trcnchlur, aid bkCk-Slunir, with Ec addUlimalfor olackiog, gnvellttg and roatatlamlmnr; WoodroflAßol fxD, HHc. Bid* for the tamlrbtng acd delivery of 4.000.000 rewerage l-rlcka, or any portion thereof, were opeteO, as follosra : M. O. Walker, 4.0CQ,C03 at Stl 96 per m ; btrsuas & Hahn, I,0UM)0Oai$lLlO pcs m ; Picctor & Irvltj;. Suo,ooo at fU.OQ; R. n. Smite. 44H0,000 St $ 1S1; E. B. Gird, .ar sslPo: Chrutopi Tegtmeyer, LOOO.OCO at ; Kietctr & Ammao. 300,QCU at 111 00. WATKA WOAKa WELL CCAB Ibe fottowiiuf 01 or, for the construction and 1 otttng ft place ol a brick writ curb for the Wa ter Work* were • tuned; B. E. Moss, well curb, with sinklr c, ftS.H/J; for well coibitone alone, $3.1(9; Wm. WcodrcffA for well curb alone, No awards were made In any of the above caaea. Thefb'lomojf etucajeOT, complied from fig* nrca Id the office of the Board, of PahUc Work?. * dealt the total #ipendtttuet made hr the Board dome the jeer ending March SI, 1663, oa toe r-ercral ftxiiOe etubllahcd tnaccoraeace with ordl raoct • of the Common Connell: Water Pond fetwtree* Ftud AppropiltUoa Foea , ..upIODI Hirer Imj mreaent Kurd 3 .0,133 M Wubhsgtcn Street Trmnel P0nd..... 100, MS Tft Total 1 , f*,asS,os7.Cß This, ol eonrre, does sot Include any payment* trsdu by tbe beam oo contracts paid Irani spacnl *s?e»nretls. Doris; the Tear 1857 the board made th<-Txpfndliuics Jrom special assessments to the amount 01 THE CHICAGO FRUIT DEALERS’ EX CHANGE. Object, and Purpose* of tbe Auocialion. At a meeting cf the Directors of the Chicago Finn Defiers' Exchange, a committee waa ap pelated to prepare an address, setting forth tbe tbjtcia ol ibe Exchange. Thu committee re ported at h snbicqoent meeting of the assoclstion, held Aptd IStb, 1668, and the nddreas mi ordered psbiUhed. It It as follows: The virions intensts which it la deigned to fot Ur, through the sgeney of the “ Chicago Fruit Dealers’ gictungc," have contrlbated largely to tuc maltrisl prosperity of tbe Garden City. From the smallest bcgruning, they have grown with the growth of the Konhweat, nntil now the convlcuop it fast locnoalag, that Chicago, at no distant day. will be the fruit emporium of the United Sutra. We think it so exaggersuon to assume, that,at tbe prerenr, no lets man casitil is em ployed in this bottatas; taat tbe annoai trtcaic ttcaaare sot less ihsn tth,o'Q,nX); that it gives employment to 1400 men and reprereits faMy e,CDO of oar population, sot enumerating the large cuas of middle men, operating between the pro oncers and dealers. Tbe goods, wares and merchandise of iron, dry goods sea grain dealers have qualities which lender theirfoansponatlon comparatively faff, excepficg only dangers of the elements, against w bleb they may be insured. Their uniformity of grade mo extensive-use give them a weXI-noder stood valur.which Is notluble to material change while passing from the seller to the buyer. Yet, in all there departments of trade, combinations ana associations are not only de»lrible, bat, in some of them, a necessity. How much more 10 the department wc represent. Many of oar goods are affected, not only by the laws of supply and demand, bat by the ever ▼tningcixcamstazces oi beat and coli, of wet and dry, res oiling In many vexed qoevttons, be tween seller and tmyer, or Utbl iUea and respan sibUlDes which cannot be settled eo well sy a single IndKidoal or Arm, as through the agency of this association. A few of many advantages which we may ex rvet to derive from this association, may be bzlefl; stated; and, am la order, we name a bet* ter personal aeqoaintuce each with nts fdlow, which cannot foil to remove any petty Jealousies now ezutttr. snd reralt tn a more frletdly and : generons competition tn a ield of labor large enough for ms employment of all, and man; more, than are now engaged in It • In onion there is strength,*'and the weight and irfinence cf organized numbers are vaiaaola szqaieltlons to any person,. wemsyialso expect to attain a better knowl edge of oat own arc foreign markers, the opening epofeewarensas of traoe, and the enlarging of thcee airracty opened, so that there may beampla room snd verge for all the members of the uto c'.sdcn. Aaote the non important purpose*. to which it ir dciigned to lend the welgia and influence or the Exchange. may be named the better nnier standing oi the respective right* of shippers ana tranrpormg companies. Tbeto are few of at wbo bare tot toffered at the of freight carrier*, tod note of aa who aaa not known of flagrant wrap* perpetrated by tbets, resulting id heavy pecuniary lowea to ahlppitis. These wrorgv have visited somy of aa m many ways— through violation* of written and verbal con tracts, false weighing, overcharges, tmetotent tardmear. circumlocution, endleaa routine—in of which have been detined ta eoasuma the time until car Joat elates shall havepusedtuto forget* fain eat. These abuses nay, lathe future, he remedied by nmeen of action; atawemayrurthwhopelo recur* a more rapid and safe transportation of perishable goods, than diminish tug • present source of b«avy lessee, and furnishing to our eftl* sens the lunnes of the summer la a Oesb and sound eondltloe. It wUlbetorns to demonstrate that prompt traumlsalon of pcriahable goods is equally detlrable fo all parties, and no mors «x> pensive to eactporten thm the present stow and unsatbftctory **T- It i« also eeeicßed to secure a blner grade of pecking and eanniwy ftsiis. To aid in the sc* compbahment of Uua purpose, tnapectoa will be appealed, who will act when requested, and whose official opinion will materially help la mtUcg any dlfirtencea «Mch may arise between -the consignor and the receiver. To those wbo •have suffered ham dishonest Disking of . both gre«n and dried fruit*, and the canning of de cayed fruits, this proposed action of the associa tion will come home with great weight. ■ This orcaaiaaaon a’-ao oetlsns to aecsre hon est men*moment of green Unit In all its varieties, ud by a Joeicious use of etrcniaie to increase the qcattity and improve tbrtf quality. _ But by fit the most tmponaai end winch it is boned to acenmsUsb throogh this Sxehtngs, and one which will commend Uself to every member, remains to he named. There la a'.large and In* creating class who; sot content with the profits of a leeitiiaate »eai£s*a, practice a vynest eT , rbhbery nndtr the names ct •* d^nnta,’T' 4 re c'lmaticaa,” and •* overchirse*/’ which ctus for trtmrtandnnlwtlacnon. Much ofonrttadaia -•ontiDC,"audainyof our goods axe penahs* hie. h«s all the power in tu hancy, and the claaa of to are dlapored to n>« it wrtmefahy atd dlihoneftly. We recog nlze fully our obligation to asanme all tSa risks of loaaes by decay white thu gojUiaw-ia corpoaaeaalor. but this obllgaOoaceaMa,l«at|- It ttdmcraJlJ. the moment they are dellmed to attutnasen and such detirexy u eonanamated taV wtT oatant the drayaan rsosives thaato taketo tbeeepot. Then our reapoualbUlty la at aa fTd t «nd thouM the goods nhscqaeoUy bq d*m*ged»( any point ib their trtsalty the claim ol the pne:»cer ima upon the teller, but tralnat thetr-n-pervarton e-mpany, tad oorele m: ly (be obligation of courtesy lo mlit the par* cbsscrtu »(<■ prowt presentation ct hl« claim. Tbe «*• fa alinded to, however, demand of nsthu we carry tbe ao'da *bii • to tran-lr, tod, to some cae.,i.Dtiltb-T have bees disposedot Host ofyn bare bad euch experience*, and it will be »mli<leitioir-Te orlya cue or twoialimatra- UN: Dmlrgtbefallcf 1968 a certain home in thli rur abippecnaty barrel* of green applet to a party li Central Minnesota. rbe weather waa wans, and rpeel»ily unfavorable ti the preaiiva tlobotirnlu. Bme two w.ek* after atiluatoni a lett.r watrecetvtd. saying, “App'caat hard: enclosed find co- hundred dorian; til «ena ba'« - cv poor." A few day* la er mors ftmfl* □nr forward vrth rewarfc. '* Tee apples abow tome stms tl drca%* Still later came the newi, •• Thr*applrr arcd-ayUg. I ibail payyon far tbcD.lt Inll.lfjcnay aaibnMf von c« make JlaliU'etatr I will cot filler It a favor." Eight weeks sf erstrpment, br >ro;e: “Tbo«c apptss arerDtasa* I will *et afm«n at work to as?ort them, and will pay a lair price for the toned one*.” A rnce later Cecaav to the conclusion that be bad paid enough, and tiut the seller should Incur • loi" uf two dollar* per barrel. Tbe only remedy was an expensiru iawantt in a remote |rwn. Ato her cassis of a party, AavLaj aboadsnt capital tor htabaetoew,wbo, noon the plea that be did tot like 'O open an aceoont wrth a bonaeen gaeedii.thefrels bn«incs», tstrodoeed a firm not then dealing u green frail*, to purchase and send tu him deity a ca>a of strawberries. A few days elapsed aid the farther stlonsent of barrles wi» stepped; tbe party alleging that berries arrived is sad order. aid chemlng damages to the ex tent of fU). Had this onrao’xauon then existed the tnc*»crioßa wonld have been known lo all ftnlt Celias, sed, ihereaftcr. tbe party would have b» eo ccmpe led to pay cash or give teenrity lor prompt tna bon' nble settlement. Bat bo Tic'isnsio aoclter firm, and a third, and a fount?, and eo thrsngb tbe season. There are not aclitiry eases. Their name la |egton,and this orgasiztaon proposes to enter npon its nooks the name and the •‘damnlcgctr enmstarce” of ary fntnie dellnqnesc, Toese reecrda wi'l be kept by tho Secretary, and be open to every member, so that the experience of one may rave fer all—thna informing each ot -is opera points on wb'cb the books of commercial agencies are eilrpt In concluding this branch of enr rnhjee*, we rtile that we are willing to make oar gooes ail onr contracts call tor at tbo time of (blrment, bat beyond that we assert oar liability ceaeea. This one item of discounts on bills of fruit, claimed aid allowed to coontry dealer*, amennta somewhere from three to five percent cf til the trade transaction!. In addi tion, it Is proposed that this organisation regulate rateoofcomznitclon 00 the sale of those goods embraced to its-special department. Aa this aaroelatioa grow* Id numbers and la flnecce. It may beeome like the B >ard of Trade, a place for having and selling, haring Us daily . eentons for that purpose. To arrange any mtsnnderrttndicg which may arise between members, a Committee of ArbUri- Hot is ptorided tor. wbicb miy be consulted at the option ci parties Interest'd. The tap* cf tbe crgamzsUan la inch ss to make it q( bioefiC to all belonging to It. It covers ■ tnljects 1 f vl:f] interest to every dea’er.stdlflt coiciDuates tbeeserelea of Chicago mat, its iuc ecss Übejo’d q-fsdou. To correct any misapprehension of thededgnef those »bo oupint ro mis movement, we hive to rule that we do not propose to regnlate any perectul bnnerse. Neither Uit onr porooaato mtke arraoeemenis with freight agent* for spe cial rates of fragnt tor the members. It wtli invade no private interfile, bat, in all tbe ends which It m*y seek to aitiin its object will be to benefit all, and prejudice none, to accomplish tbist tnrpcee* we ask the hearty cp-opsnaon ot every dealer wboee interests are stnmar to onr own. In the'opining ofth!« stvicmcnt cf th'obj c‘s of tbe Fruit Dealer-*" Exchange, we took occa sion to predict that the time is not remote wnen title*go will be (he fruit emporium, of the Coiled Stiles. Nor la this prediction idle. Oir future literfntnre. Briarear-banded, she alts on the iborc* cf Lake Michigan, to receive and dlstrl bote tbe commodities of all climes. Tte remote is tc-r lo htr voitdrons energy. Abe boiids highways for the nsiloas. She rreebe* oat to ue MeGlrcirenetn, ato Us am! (eg islands poor thelrwealth o'frail loio her lan. In response to t<r call, Africa vies with Korops to eopptyns with htr products. S&e sovkca iho or chards cf the Esst, and ihcir ripened bur* dencrcC to .onr fen. Her fiaien Ingtr among tbe yineysrdi of the sooth, and purple clusters bng *i?ciu onr reach. Sh*t ►ommonsite tullnreicf Ilhrois, and Egyot if her ahccdsccr vhowers upon nv ner mac on petcheaa d befrie*. Aodnow»he reaches oat tew aid* the Pac*Be: her hands me toennr their way over the Rocky Mountains, and wt 1 tom glide through the mbt* cf tbe Wvctern icean fo cp e n the gates through which shall flaw hlthiTwaio ltetre*fOre* ofCniaa. And our hands are to bkp her bands. To toe conduct of interest! rj ruth prard pr>'portions. we need ail the aid of combtnea member*, setnsted by siml- Isr motlv«.», sod eitmalated by slmtlar. alms. And tber, when Chicago shall have become a pert rt entry; when hirbonded warehouses shall he HI ed who mezchardhc imported dlrectl* by bertwn iron, conicetiem aztd fancy grocery deal* uv. the city of oor hemes shall be as famed for bet ftnitmait* re she cow is forkermagaloccct granaries and the macoitado of her lumber in terest. E- M. W*iqht, I B J, Bra.xrti f Ccojmltte8 * LAW INTELLIGENCE. Yesterday's Proceeding* in the Sev eral Courts* The courts located lo Chicago, all of then-. stand ad> Jomned onill ibe mormac of Thursday. The offices of the eeecral c\ urta will also be closed, so (hr as may erased new bnitnes*. doting this day. This !»In rc •pocse to the officially expn a;ed desire of the Gover nor aedla obedience to bis proclamation. Issued oa the 3d Instant, namltg this as a day of fasting and proper ihronsbouVuie btate. UNITED STATUS CIRCUIT COURT. The case of L-hman A Brothers against th* FTomo Insurance Company 01 New Fork la atlilln prosreas, before Jeon Drummond and alary. The argument Is progremlag. . . *9 ■uihvnv 1. Ibefcllowlrg mlouttsnere recorded yesterday: A<VtMliau/M*~Join D Hickoz. of crett, will Connty ; Albert C. Brown.of Chicag); Jules Gelser. «fChicago; UlratnM. Chaae.otC.tcaso; M.Weatey f-herwood,cl Cblcago; Anns uodJ-X, if CDlcaco; Cnarlesst.chtdwlcfcoi Cbieato: William Snomley. of Ct kaco; Wtlliam 8. Henry, of Joliet, Wl.l County. SchtduUt WaohamltlL of cni. caeo. Atrlgnmnu «ode~Kalhaa B. Platt, of Chicago: Cliartta B. Ito#, ot Chleaio; Edwin K. Wads wont, of Cblcuo; Cbailfi Kertnr,of ('bls*go: Mont* Ban* land. «< Chicago; Benjamin ff. Caatday, of Ash Gtoa*,UoqnotaCounty; wuilam Vcnnnm.of idi|. fold, itoqacli County ; WUIUm M.Potter, of X>eKalb Coomv £H*cAoryr» B//rmd-John J. WUsoo. of Chicago: Tb>m»»L.A V-Hqn»t, of Chicago. iHadtorye <>rpo#«/-Frfflerlck satotnoo, of Chica go: Edward Cold. EnXlutd to /HacAorpe—Ferdinand Kramer, of Chi caru; Grer<e Hln rod. • f iTblearo. LeattGttm to Amato ScAoOulf*— Abraham W.KluCi lord, of chlogo. Tl e only petitloa filed was of: C 97. Moses Frank, of Mos-nooifa. Warren Counts. Tbn ti an tofoiantary proceedme instituted by WfMr*. Fletd. Lelter A Co. The 'eUtlccerS claim ti at tee deotoria indebted to them tn tne asm of 87C9.71 forsTK>c>piiTC’aaed anting Decemoer. 13*7, and that be bu abecotdod. circuit court. Patrick Feani''n ti. Leonard w. Volk aad Jo»*ph Moore, Impleaded. Appeal. Cau<e r-lantteo or mftmfM, ‘io be ulw on Friday belore a aa?aber of tbt bar. .SUILOM.O3 . Georre WWlnifTT* Patrick u*Brlea. Defrndapf* app»a), clustered Monday Motion to *eta»ldo order. jMcnbO.iinnUTß.Url GUlrtt et <O, Injunction tr-remain proceeola** at lairamoit eompUloact, •ad to prevent tt e taktu wuaeaaVJO. by deftndaala, of the canal boat Ora McrrU. Leave to Oloaaeadea unrer tnuanirr. T3LS33M Henry L. Behloeaser (t it n. The bbertff tad Gramme* A Ulrich. Bcntevln dr tbe apparteoaaees or e crtwe.y at Lake view. Finding defendant gotitr | property ts plaintiff,ard one cent damages. A KSio • Walker etc.vs. Thomas GoodwtQle. Au real tried on Monday. Theorems) amount ill»erd to be doe for Ire dockage or lumber. Verdict for putoUff, andtadement lot sss. ,r George & Carmlc&aH rr. Jacob Frye. Assumpsit. Vetdici ana jadEroeot fir It.lßi. ¥ Frederick uarioff and Coward Boro*. Defendant's appeal. Verdict for defendant- Motion for a new trial. - Thomas C. Oram v*. Estate of it. C. Sherman. Appeal frem a lodgment of the County Court, dl*> ahoat&ga cUlm bat'd u&oa tne endorsement eta not- by dsmtsrd. Sa* muted to the coart ana taken under advlseoirnt. mmoc. luiinuiTui, city cf CJ.lc.tD r*. John Hacked. DefhnlaaU’ ap peal fti in a Police Court fine or >3O. oo a charge of vaarancy. An application was made for cootlnu arcs, bat U failed io show the least amount of dill- Kescr larrcptrtnsthe cause for mat. I*, appeared teatthewltn«<«. whose absence m sworn to sad wtose testimony war declared to be material to the rromoUoo olJuttlce. had been s aopmoaed only oo the day set for trial. It was oenltd. Tbe caoie thea went touts'. Haekeu, who had bea for some time stderu>ee«reaad enstoty of the Sharia; was pro, daces and the testimony heard. The jury retired, bat tamn lately mnrped, Uadi g the defendant yutity. and aoabU&a the former one. Judgmtit v* rendmdfDr S'ft. Joseph H. Greece vs. Joh3 L, Beveridjte, Joseph B. Fitch, Daniel Backer, Jr., and Geom w. Buna dell. Trrsra<e At the (Xt'her term the defeadaeta were found guilty sed dsmares aa-etved trtleit th-mforSif. Ansppealwasiakeu. Time to &M MU of exception* extrndrd toMsy 15. Loot-a A.Rs3d*U vs. George 8. RindaH. Proceed lor for dtvnire corarreLeto March Ulh. Decree craated onlhe , rtmrul or desertion, ft appeared that toe parties w-rreaariirdln this city Jane 31, Kbaud tha'.tQbseq'rnUr, to the birth r>f a daoxhter, the defrooaat oeseited hts home. The ae*erU< n took place OfitlelUot AffU. ISO. Charles Arnett n Feter a«d Nicholas ReU and GkUfornJoed. Tmpate. Itu charced that the de> rradas’s wrooxfntly entered epos tie ore raise* of plaintiff who was a tenant, and carried bis effects Into the atneL Tbs aolt uto recover for this act as well aa for snides surged to have been lost. On trial. Philip Jcmrcil* v«. Frank Sovak. Defendant's an peal. Verdict for defendant. 9 Ailchsei Cullttaiaa Dtaor. Ae* va. James Dnffy. Trapas*. Verdict for plaintiff with agg diaim. Mottos Tor new trial. CoDtl&casrvs were ordeno to the following cates • Pascal Whitney r*. Laden P. Gaylord and John SUkirk. AMimptlt. Death cf the detendant Gav loriniinM. EmlJyJ. Steel ▼#. Tl-acthv Lyneh. Assnaoslt. D. K. Brant A uo. vs. William D. Wauoo. Aa> lurnpslt. 1 CbarpsLsngmanv*. Orrla Kendall. Case. Jan»aNocanctvj.Oliver Ensarii. Assomsslt. Hebert k. Neff va. Charlu Laomeisdorf. a*. taopsu (. rvy, C ark A Co. vs. Joseph T. Brady, Assamoilt. Samoel UcMunt »*. B bei t Marrin. Appeal Orrta J- ttrs« ts. City of enteago. Debt. Tbe fr.itowia* cobm were dlsmfestd. A. Emmet Kent * t *.'»▼*• Uenrietta F. Taekcr. ad* mi&wraUUot NatbastciQ.Tucker. PUlnttCe' an. peal, City va. James Catoo. Appeal. City v*. Otont* (PMaUey. Appeal. City vs. John White. Appeal. City va.JftmreLaatry. Appeal. AdatMß b. Phtlilo va. John Bcocrbry. Appeal. A. AI dries vr. American Express company. 1 riiederlek W.Beckefra, Mchlaus NlchUos. Ab p-»l. (Dtmla«ed JaanarylT). Bobertßa>ehva.KlchcbssGcrtea. Appeal. John Mcoievs. HsrtTaDuffy, Appeal. Alrianderß-rrOeldr*. ffiward Nailer. An seal. MScha'lDinabsrTi.Maaric'Daasher. Appeal. F. A. Huckincham vs. EJUllage A lourteaotte, Aarumpnt. ■ • Fat*ick T, Sslley vs, Lewis F. Bsthawty. De ieDdants* apfeai. Tteeall eftbe r?lal caleaear on fkandayw:!! la- Jace tbefoOowle* »*»•»: 2 0. is*—Or»r vt. bfcDooson. 211. EO-Seuißoo n, UrDeanzDS. HU 897 Keaple vt. Maatob. . Ui, 9Qt—BQI vt. Kddr. ' JO. 925-Bldler vt.CUsa. ztl. rt. Paul. 30. IJii—Kelly vt,sbtHoeb. 20. ÜBS-dme va. Ctmoben, 2SU JJ3O-PirkJT TI Aubcrf*. 252. 14*0—Kaye* va. ficblea. 253. 143*-Keuy va.Bnlkl«T. 2H. ij(2—Town of Lyon* va. Btyaa, W. 1431—Betel. nae. va. Patterson et al. 257. i4ri—wakb va. Moftkn. 25*. lAO-TUzyeritld vs. Hirers, ai Lflßß—Campbell va.t»'Befl!y. 263. 14m— WcEroy vs. Belltday. Si. 1433—Raboea et a). vs.Kei(bot. 2*2. 14s—Cassidy t*> &i*e*r etal. 20. wu—Trade r». Drake, pu. i.tse—pyte vs. wueox. 2(3. I.W- Pains vs. Tamer. 26*. 14*7—ihueeD va. £ebalze. 2C7. 1495-*Plemateg*t ml. ▼*. Caldwell. 20. 1417—Coorcbats vs. Andetsea. KB. i4if—wrirttTV. Boesa. 379. 1431—Lnuoe va. Ulrica. 271. 14BB—Portoer t«. Maakaltaa. TTi. 147s—Tiller vs. Fain. 273. i4«—WetleT tt. Bltnu cosnwvrsof: 75.294. Wmjjua B. Ibcmat va. Hr*. Hary Blake.- Atuebmentv isdebteuaeas declared at 9U9 fiw bar rewed money. Writ Hsuedoatbe allagadoo tbat do leaeant U about to teave the Staia, vua brr aOtcU. 5497. Tboaiaa £. edit rt. EUram BlckArd aad C.asublea Uoane sad Loll. Replevin o( a sorrel mare acd a blown buns _ A3S. Bticn A. Aidricb va. Express Ccmtway. Caw» Tbit u the renewal of a vrindia atssed yeetsnlay, tor want of protecaOoo. to reeovtr for tt* ml’etca lom oft trank contain mg the wearing apparel cf a vosan,wito wst tUntna and plated «a>te. Ills Mated that ibe property wsatblppedfrooi (kisrityto Jack»o&«Mlchuaa,andlotu 214». Psna-ylranlaUalt MtauCiccatlag Comoany vv.Georx* ttuna,Jr. rnntSSUnn of Jaanusi S»r tlJCAm,rna&otedated Muxb 25, tsfia, atoaaday's daietits 31401 tad tmerm. . . 29jse. cirt’vt.Tbaaua Daley. Appeal by defend sat from a Police Cosrt Am of site m s charts of vacancy, t 2SJOI. BertbardOlrdorlTv*. August Eber. Tres ptM. £>tm»e«* iaie at $3,(01- A eapiu was raed out (a aid. The plaintiff eoarres tbat the demdaot, oa tb«39UiC«vofl>'eeinberla*c,aasaatted and tubbed htr» wttb a ktue afar U« Wft tar. ajS X. PenyTaieavt, John Keepta. Appeal by drieLdtßtrnmaJadcnjjatby Saliiba-T, Juaucn, fir |3O and costs; . ] SCPXBIOR COURT. Th* horinett trasaacted at common law la thl* eonrl vu at Ijllot* : Rlctiard wnitaaaw. S. G. Herbert. Attachment o recover fi>r m •analy of Seotck vblatcy tarn triad. Jodgaeairof $3.4. . Tbesaa weoteT*.'Gee»« Kerr etal. Qectsxnnttar lot la, block SAoMtovau Dcttatt. Jedcmeateaui* iateelaplaKililaadwrttafpgitgtloa. • - • fi. iacu viraatßuel a. Harris %afi lyman Bridies. Debt, Leave fo'tmend fonr. and «!*«■ Oeftsdasta to plead to amended nair, BwaudenClgsrCcwpeay vs.Qeorte W.sncw aZ •smptil. Suit commenced In Die year 1581. Le. T ßt» plaintiff toflle newnorr. laplsceofone Km WUttamG.TUdlte va.KUs U-«s ctal. It’ilKß. Leave to amend peiltiou, Ezekiel B. Phillips vs. Illinois Centra] Railroad Company. Action on the case la whlcn the aam,.£i are laid at WOO. Ihe mil u biooctit to recarer iir pe-S'ual tniu tes.tllenea to have C*en received by piatiiilD by reason of lie explosion of an enrfni charged 1., hate been lbs pr* per;y of the cumn.iuT and kept in nse in bad condition. The explodoa act cnrredr n the l“th caj of December Hit, wLlle t* , e InCOßiol'TßwiaitatClne on foe ifiCx In or near tbs Central Dep-t. Tbe plajntltf avers that De was p«*. In* tn the vicinity of >be explosion, and wai hart hr lb» flitnc pieces. On tit*]. Freeman A. Fisher v«.F»nfbrdW, flail etal. Trial cecr-o for n crbaaic'a Uea open Irntrovemeau on and lot 9. w.»iro»t*« Addition JamesKJ. toy r*. C.D. Chpman and U. ji.Lestrr. AeUonou rtoe e»»« wUbdai i**p» laid at IftJUO. The pKlDilff In tsiscajeclaims t ho *ai, 0 oreTfie&m ety of Jane, lie;. In lawful nasscMlao of the oaDer •terysae lie north twent* fen ».f m-* lowerstory of the pissing mtl, cccnpfed ..in vbebrde.'hudaVs. on toe comer of Elcbte'Dibaod ttanal streets That bo therecair.eo on me Loatacaa of manufecfurlnr boxes, moulding*, etc., erm lot fnga Itrgs number of wotkmec,az.dde:M'Xtb« vowe; to ran hiamarhlo ery ITam aihafi.coai.rcied aim u esrine national onibepremMeocnpied by defrndaa'i. He ctainu tniUorootneday del-namnitwroTirriiir diiconnectrd tbe power iron bit works, toblsrretc Camaye. Defendantalaterpor; the p’ea of asaerai bine. TbUlsthesnoedmal; on tbe flm tsearinr which was at the October term, a verdict was render* Cd for pUtntlS. '■l'htlitoawnjses. On trial, Adolph Martzllger eta]. raJdarla TraneUkaGocutv asm berlate bosbsod Kced H. RoeltlCrthe Duties betsadlrorcedAndothers. Mechanic's a ru r^«o<i. The def"Sdaala were defatted In the lotlowmr cases: yrtederlek Eoocrt vs. Decree Clsdaaenlos sod Fer dleaad Cramer. Asiamvilt. George sad WtUUm Doges vs. The Same. Asiump- drear Mohr etal.rs. Same aadJEdward Him ■naan sett Htmy Horn (Chicago HlnvCompaay.) Aasasp- The foOewtex cassis vrere di«al«*ed t John Press vs. Michael McLaughlin. Defesdanl's ar>rpca). Eomnad Kellogg va. Louis Barnett. Assump sit. The following esases were eontlracd; Simon Parker vs. Chicago A hoxthwevtera Railway Company, cue. Theodore Noje* v». L. K. Easley et al». Beolevts. John W. Provtor vs. Wiwor p. Freeman et al. As> fnawit. _ _ Joseph B-Qalnnvt. Frederick F. Webster. Case. The call of the trial calendar for Thursday win in clude the following cases: I*B, SAU-Lonenran va. Hope Icsaresce Company of Prond<-uct,K. 1. ltd. iA*7—MDl’h vs. i-mltb et al. 143. 3AsJ—Tucker MsEUsctarlng Company v*- Jobnson «t a). 114. ASO—Lanegan vs. Illinois Unreal fire Insur ance Ciitnpasv. Ul. 3JSO—wagn«r-,4c.,vs.RawMaetal- ue. SA99—Mloenrodetal.vs.Baya. Ul. S£93—spervj vi. Sacbae. li*. SJ97—ld-rv» City. US. M'O—Hopalaav*. City. L'S. S,<o7 Baldwin vs. Wallace. 158. S,*oy—Weber vs. isranam. Ul. 5.H9— ntOdewvs.Appitby. ICO. *,ll- BamrbrevlUa >a Sawyer. 1(2, B.(l3—Snydacker V» Sturgis etal. US. S,Ct—Lonaws. Holme*. IM. s,iA-6iepneaMn va. McLanghlla. 163, p«arsv& vi. Mnekolls. 168. S,4*»—Ftllows v,. Same. MCXascwaT. On the Chxactrv side ol U.U court the oroeeedlug* were somewhat of a mlxtd character, tecludlug piX soaalat.d property mtercAta. Ito order? wer*:- Lydia Thomas vs. Nathan rh -nut. Pr eeedtos for divorce, la wmeb It la said of *>he hnsDann that be is. •as na» be<-& lo* a tencib of time, in the n >bli of “get ti’ * osipitw." 16» actual dwriS msdsirilui he orsered his wlft. after tue birth of two Service hj pobhcatL-e. and defimlt. „ Lncy Albballlrsva. HeoiyA, btavDlet. BUI fordl v*>rc>*. Def'Qaaatls sat to he a resident of Massa chusetts. TheoetUrs.lt is alleg'd, were married at Cot cord,N. JL. and r-std-d la mat town lo*ether dujliK nine Te n, after which tompUlaast cam-to this state She chartes her husband «i h hit do teiierthtr. Scvtreby aaddefsclt. JnlietteeA.ElD2ie vs. Johu S. Iteea et al. Pre : cooinr* to takedowrr iaan osd'Vid’ * haifof louJ, T. 9,11 aod • aat half h] ek 1. a:d u■. i. «. ii 8.10. t 2 io>block>, all of block l>, Kl -itf’a \Mri xt. B-- port of cosnmUsloneis aeiUtgof lots 9 ana U of sett block?, bl ck 19, to tbe »id»w filed. Ti.e • me to he mnnmed, arleas cause be to the conuary.by Xhotscay nrxu J, hn Smith vs. Theodores. Elv>n et a]. Dill to s*t- Uea co|Aitn-r»ldp difficult?. Demurrer «lthd<awa and tea dais |n wtlch to answer JerivbL. James »l ai. vs. Georxe A. lUcbmoad. BUI to foreclose cottage upon L>* SO, School T. sub division, section 17, SS, 14. DcfaOit of acteadant en tend. Petition of Bridget Burns, nurd I are to sell real estate cf peter Rurna and others, miters, her wards lo • bar eery. Decree uf sale. Ihe property is foil, Maher's Subdivision of I as 1 and I, ul>ck 3L section 29,9,1(1. *»l which la the bomesttad and loti of lie same subdivision. The proceedings commenced la thee court were of: :),.11. Cdulm WaFlflMC 0«a ti. Chart * Soo:> oian.ot MadUcQ CouaiT- AstomptU. D*oa,e*, |~OO 21,211. Same re. Ada® Maraoamt, of laaswall Coun ts . Assumpsit. DAmaget, 33' 0. 21.31?. Chic err; rroc- e<uac» withheld for service, 21.213 Jacob scale*-oh I r». L. J. K«aldi and Ul b-Jrs Batch. AMamptU. Stjll. IryerAll'ile rs Peter «-a»ey. Defendant*' dtjU from a Jaagmait by BoUlokton, JatCce. (hr Edward McDnnrTl rr. MU(vd Eniwnrth. itamsm laid IUM. A capiat »»» toed oat to atd of the proceeding, la the affidavit for the writ the plaintiff charm mat be was br the defendant: and that he was wrjnfttlly arretted arm held la eustooy damur an honr. 23456. EUas Bernstein xi li.Usjli Central BaUtead Cvtxpasy. Case. Lamacea laid at |C3O. Estate of Jamea Gleason. Auale Gleason. mother of decraaed, appointed to admlntatrr opjq tfl« astata under ot totncnisslpo* ofianacy isined to try the alleged In tanlty ofCarl HTMccae a-rt Samuel Stblch. Both of these are retunr.bie <>n trelotbl.st.M3p. m. Tbl« coott convened, bat did no business. There rere no te* salts. THE FITCH PEBJCUT CASE. Quashing of the Indictment Against the Defendant—Statement in Be— lation to the Arrest* The matter of the arrest and taking to Su L-»oIs fer trial of TimotcyS. Fitch, E‘q, of this city, upon the charge of perjury preferred against him by his brother-UMaw, J. W. Bruner, came end* derly to an end 00 Monday by the qtmhintr of tbe indictment by the Coorf, without argument or comment. Oa Saturday a new trial was grant ed wntont ar. om«*ot, and eubeequenUy tne In dictment was qn»aaed, on motion. Now that ibe affair Is over it t* but doe to Mr. Pitch, woo it tne of oar most eawpn*it£ citi zens, to stale in brief that bla escape from the offictr «*bo came to make the arrest, and tte am. ner, ha* been »• m> wbat exaegerated a* cnrrest'y r»p- ited. Ibe officer who came up from St. Ltuts had been in Fttch’s office, dur.ne the day on which the arre*l —as msd-', for sose picoerty. aid mw cenverswi with Ur FPcb, tntfaHcd to make the arrest can! alter m;hk, wbtn Mr. P. bad gore home, and J rst before the tram started ler tiuLmU, tunnatvtng him no time to procore counsel, too without fv-o glnog b m the assurance that he was not o no made the vtcnm of come foul plot, as tee perwras wao came to hta bouse ro make the arrest »ere atrangrra to him. Under thess eircorastancee Mr. F. did <ske advanuge of the means to escape offered him. sad secured himself lor tie night, but'the oat day promptly gave hlnjse.f opt', the officer, when befell sore that t ts (emiol safety era* not er dan*ered thereby, ane prectedeo to Sr. Loots, where ne remttesd nr til ec had rzonerated bim?elf front the charge pMemd avalnst tiro. Tbs act ot petftry upon which ibe Inflictm.nt «a* feonoed «u toat Kitca.ln 1563, had earolted a- d Taken out Cas'ota ITooie paper* for the steam boat B. A. BoireTer.it- bis oan name, when the prrsccoiingwtuem bad as equitable interest m the boat. Be eid own an teicTMt in t-eboat, but was so mnea involved >0 debt tbst be coo’d zotoen property labia own name,and, at Bit own teraooa’ lequcat and to save annoyance from baring ixeentiana le*ieO upon the vessel, Mr. Fl'ffa ronscutrd toasrume the local owu ratnp of 11 e vesael, and tn the pmeoce ot the prosecut ing wttness and at bis request enolled her tn bta o»n same. It if reported that the officer who came op firm St. Lcnle has ernfrstcd tha*ho was la the employ of the protection* witness and bad m ftrocuosk to bring Filth to »t_ Loau in Irons. It u alco reported that other officers of the court were in the employ of tsw proeccodi* *ttne*e, and that, on motion heme Bad* to qnathtb* in dictment, a proaecatisg attorney ukfd the Coart not to act until he had received hi* fee. It teem* that tbe Jars rendered their verdict in the care upon the grounds that the eqottanle fnteieat owned by the prrsecntlng witness waa equivalent to the legal roteresMo the boat, and r«>i bavin; ttl\oiafirct-on raUcd, and not being charged upon it, decided aa they did. POULTRY ASSUCIITIOS. Proposed Chick oa Exhibition Wort Pall. A regular meetirg of the members of (be Cook County Poultry Aaroclitlon was held yesterday a&crzoon at the Tremonl Dense, Don. John Wentworth In the chair. Tbe Committee on By-laws reported, rtsons* metdtnz a number of ckanrea and alterations In the bylaws. TTe report was adopted. Mr. Teajl movtd ihat at etch leralsr meeting tome one or more breeds of fowls be diaesased. Carrled. i Hr. A Fo’chjnovsd that tbe association bold as exhibition Ai toe la*t Wednesday. Tnursday snd Friday in October of each year. . moved *s so amendment tbettha ex hibition ba held on the third Wednesday, Thors day andl Flicay of each year. The amendment was allow aid* withdrawn, and the crisinal mo tion prevailed. Mr. Howland reported a set of rules governing tbe en iblUoo, by which 1c was sUpniatM that all poultry exhibited most bo owned by the ex hibitor ; that the exhibition aboold be open to all; that tbe awards of pre miums should bo made strictly . cax_ the merit* of the fowls exhibited, having reVard to quality rather tbsn slxe. A I per-ons dsalroo* of exhibiilngmnst girs notice, with descrlpdon ' of tie breeds which they propose to exhibit, three dsys before the exhibition. Ko coop, en tered for competition, sQould more than three specimens. Members of the association to be allowed to exhibit fowls foee of charge; otims ts be charred sf.j certs each coop. The report wss adopted. Mr. Howland moved that tbe best method of-' keeptn* fowls be the topic cl dlreasiioo st the earning meeting. Tbe as»ocJ*uoa then adjourned to meet oa the ' record Tneeday in May. Chlcaio Wool BarkeL _ Caxcaso, April M. The toitl rtcelpa of wool la tblv martetd irisgtao p»«t week are 12*413 at, aad 'Mpmentt S2JB7 ft*. Luvrtluie receipt*w«e7UW7 at, aud shipment* 1(748 »•. W« report tale* of *3JX9 »*. la lots, at AS atiefrfttorX fine; (3ftM« W ttrSo.l medlars, andatttfttifcc ft a tor tcane. We hare bad a mot tatmeroci attendance of wool bny*r* lath* market during th«Mn veer, but there hat been no comaponoloe Improvement ta lu ability to topfly their wants, The amount of wool corang forward is very man, ana iioekt here an now n> cored to a low point, probably lover rasa at this rea son lor several rear* put. tai. Indeed, to aocb aa er test tbat wear? ontbJe to fill estreat orcert. Tbit la aa uaaUiftetory condition o( ttomarKeMaaothraa It tnterpoaca to effectual barrier to tba real life and ■edvltlit of the trade. _ Bat, on urn other band, the We*tern wool trade la thtrcbT freefroa ftsctaatuu, which appear more or ]«M it PI to ptertli rijowere. from recwix Easier® adTleea, we lean tfaat trade la Or fromprseperooa. sad tbat prlcet are ttUI oa the descending scale. wlta a fUrtberdeeUnenotcdefScft ft. AiauogbveaaUd pets ao corresponding fefilsg eft la western wool, held In Western mark* t», we cannot help the caactw •loa tbat the prospect* are, it a eosaejaence, lessened at try aseatial enang* occurring among aa la Htvor ofaeilcts. TLe weather daring the p»»t week has bars 00Id aatfttormy.aeeotnpanied with a aerlesofcalra of a ▼ery trylsv and saaetfonabie efaraeter. Nevertbe* lete there baa been a toed desrain tm wxxjtleo coods. wltbaa inovtaed number of ooyers la attasoaaoa. Ait of coed* are'held firmly, aadtn tome braacbr* mere is a strong apwd teodew. ovisr to the advasced Price of eottow; taati tktoo we sate Kconitir Jttot, We reef ceorlnced rvvt woe Uta gooda tOj ntata lbtir*preeeßtanßnfwa.»ad that today price* are as tow aa th*y will bo dortmc rt* toaaoa apoo wbleb ve have entered. Mar* keta are only thirty trotted, norlt la probable tbat they wm be oihrnrua, snlu« another war aboald artae (wbleb la moat hr probable.) by which, aa. la oar raeeat «ae,« latae quantity xoodawere tbrowaapoatba market, mperaedla* re mar amt la tiQßiM manafaetarea os til tbev nad b - et. cleared out. Wo feel taOaded tbat this view is beidbymasa* ftetoma Rseraliy, and the majority of boywv, thenrb. aa la si vaya the ease, tome few are soil look. iMßrioveexatca. - We: quote the market lor wool firm tad mtlitnawl woollen goods an aim firm and in good demand. STU»Q«a» ft Ce. Wen IwftUt Item*. New Tosk, April 13.—Captain Blacken, of the brig Bermem, from Porto Cabeilo, state* taut on the Tth ultimo u severe thock of aa earthquake wasleUet Potto Cab'Uo.raisins the sealutM harbos *0 that nothing could be done to the way cf loading or discharging rrr'flve da}sZ Several small veaesla were eap»ized,bat u •enouv aature ocemred cm shore. 9ach a shock has aothaea felt there for twenty years. Bold Attempt wt Hobherfi CiActasAir, April 13.—A'man named J. Pi Graham alimented to rob a elerk of XXocftavbe wit enttrteg a banking boete oa Third atiwet, this alimoon, to nuke a depualt. Graham bit the clerk two cr three limes with s bonld*r t knoekleg him down, bat some cicada passing succeeded la captnnsg Qmham, and be was im* pmoaed. } ■ . ■ , Niw'Toak.Aptll i 3 —Bdward Polusky, a.Qer* am mexeafet at Kew Orwasa. has been arretted axdhtou|h(hen co a cfeatf oof avisd.lngCom