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- - I. 1 BUBSCKDUOH (PAYABLE IS ASTASOD.
' Edition, per year, by Kail *.813.00 .. -«kly Edition, per year* by Mail....** 6.00 " y Edition, per year, by Mail.—..— 9.50 lly Edition, per year,by Mail——— 9.00 : of a year at the sane rate. :. delay and mistakes, be sore and give • Offlot address in tall, including State and may be made either by draft, express, order, or in registered letters, at onrrlak. TERMS TO CITY SUBSCRIBERS, ‘ally, delivered, Sunday excepted, 25 cents per week, ally, delivered* Sunday included, 30 cents per week. the tbibune compasy, STo. IB Oanal-st, Chicago, ZIL ’KXBTOB Branch Office. No. 4fi9Wab&ah*aT.i In the of Messrs. Cobb, Andrews* Co., where ements and subscriptions will be received, l will secure the same attention as 11 loft at the In Office. Friday Morning* July 5, 1872. CAMPAIGN TRIBUNE. Bates for The Weekly Chicago ~ Tribute for the Campaign. The country is now entering npon a Presi dential Campaign which will, perhaps, h£ the most exciting that has been known Einoe i' ISCO. It is now morally certain that-the only candidates in the field for ther will he Horace Geveley and Ulysses 8. Grant. The Chicago Tribune will sup port Greelev.-ahd Brown for President and on the Cincinnati Platform; - weekly campaign edition will he fur mpm the 15th of May to the 15th of or for any shorter time, at the K extremely low rates: f m . $0.60. (copies - *.60. 'y-five copies...... - 10.00. end in yonr orders. littanoes may he made either by draft , Post Office order, or in registered “:~i, at our risk. Address The Tribune Company, Chicago, Illinois. THE CONGRESSIONAL DIBTRICM. “I The election of Greeley and Brown will I not of itself secure a reform of the Govern ment. It requires that at the same time there he elected a House of Representa ; lives that will co-operate with the Presi dent, and that there he such a change in the tinted States Senate as will destroy the power of the overhearing and dicta •**“ -1 majority in that body. Conspicuous those Senators who have been pro s of Usurpation, are Morton, Cam- Conkling, Howe, and Harlan. Of Harlan has already been disposed his constituents. The others are ,w on trial before the people of .heir respective States, and under cir nmr stances which hardly leave a doubt of then- defeat. Among tire other Senators ■chose terms expire in March next, and yhose successors have to be chosen by State Legislatures to bo elected this year, are Kye, of Nevada, and Pomeroy, of Kan sas, Senators who have been none the less prompt by speech and vote to stifle inves tigation, defeat reform, and whitewash fraud and corruption. AVetlrinh the cam paign has progressed far enough to allow, -even at this time, a strong expectation (that all these Senators will be succeeded f by Liberals. In addition to these changes, there are Senators to he elected I in place of the carpet-baggers who now represent Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Korth Carolina, and South Carolina, in all of wliich States there is a reasonable hope that the people will make a change. Jn Illinois. Arkansas, Georgia, and Mis souri, the Legislatures to be chosen this year will have to elect Senators, and it is "“"tant, therefore, that, in all these ~ t.ixraidafen for l ' ‘■■ tore shall be selected having in view their probable course in the election of United States fenators. Every Grant Senator displaced |y a Liberal counts two votes forEefotm in a body where thirty-eight votes make a majority. But the matter,of electing Representa tives to Congress is not confined to a few States -, it is general. Illinois, Wisconsin, lowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Indiana, , -dvausas, and Missouri elect a large number ► of Representatives, and wliatever reform is accomplished must be the work of these Representatives. The people, therefore, of each Congressional district have the opportunity to elect Rep resentatives who will not only vote for the Reform of the Civil Service, and the I disbandment of Military Government, but who will also, vigorously attack the Reve nue system, and reduce taxation of all kinds to that wliich is needed for revenue. There cau .be no excuse for mistakes upon this point. Every man nominated y the Grant party stands on a High Tariff Platform (that is, if he stands on the Philadelphia Platonu), and is ' pledged and bound to abide by and sup port the Administration in all those poli cies, which the Liberal party denounces, and which it insists shall be reformed. Kow, it is important to the success of the Cincinnati movement that the Con gressmen elected under it shall be really in favor of Revenue Reform, and Reform of the Civil Service, and of Amnesty. ► The Cincinnati Platform remits the Reve nue question to the people in the Congressional Districts, and it is there that we wish to meet it. The time to attend to this is now, at the nominating, conventions. The old policy of supporting the “regular nomina tions,'' and takiug the chances on the man after he is elected, is exploded. “Regu -1 larity now means Reform, and no nomi ! nation of a man not known to be a Re r former is of the least obligation upon any voter. AVe are . not running party, nor men. AA’e : are promot ing Reform, and voters should have it understood that they will vote for no man r who is not a Reformer beyond all doubt and question. There are a number of members of the present Congress seeking re-election. How have these men voted on the question'of Reform ? If they are Grant men, as a general thing it is safe to vote against them. There are some honorable exceptions, where ultra Republicans have led the fight in the gr eat struggle of Reform, and have forced from the Administration all the conces sions that have been obtained.- These men, though nominally supporters of Grant, arc at heart Reformers, and their true place is with the Liberals, and, if elected, they will probably be supporters of Greeley's Administration. Bat no man should be accepted as a candidate for Congress who is not an open and avowed supporter of tire Cincinnati Platform, and of its affirmative as well as its negative declarations. AA'e commend this matter to the imme diate consideration of the Liberals of the AVest, that they now take such precautions that no man shall bo nominated or elected who is not honestly and avowedly a Reformer. There is not the least necessity for compromises on this question. ■ Gree ley and Brown will probably be elected. A Liberal Congress will also be elected, t but it is important that the men elected as Liberal candidates shall be known to be friends of Revenue Reform, and the time to fix tlris matter is before, and not / after, the nomination or election. f AVe tender our thanks to the Buffalo “ Commercial for the kind interest it takes in our pecuniary affairs. AA r e are still pay ug, out of our current receipts, all our current expenses, including the erection of a five-story fire-proof building, of Lake Superior stone, and pleasing architectural appearance. In a volume, issued by the Government, which contains all the contracts for buy ing arms, made by the United States from April 12,1801, to January 11, 1803, and the resulting correspondence, there is an interesting record of the doings of Simon Cameron, when Secretary of War. On September 4, 1801, H. Boker & Co., of 50 Cliff street, New York, offered the War Department “upwards of 100,000 stand of arms, rifled percussion muskets, new, and in good condition, at a price not exceeding $lB each.” They also tendered “ 18,000 cavalry sabres, at a price not exceeding $7.50 apiece.” Both muskets and sabres were stated to be in Europe, ready for shipment. The next day, Cameron ac cepted the oiler. A Mr. George Wright was 'appointed to go to Europe with Bokers agent, in order to inspect and receive the arms. His letter of instruc tions, drawn up by General Ripley, told him that the guns must be of one calibre, and that that calibre must be either .58 or .09. Early in October, Boker wrote from Europe, saying that he could not furnish muskets which were rifled or were of either the designated calibres, but that ho could send over smooth bores of .70 or .72. He said nothing of prices. The new pro position was submitted to’General Ripley, who reported in favor of accepting it, and wrote another letter to Mr. Wright, stipu lating that all the arms must be “ first-class, and Of one calibre.” Cam cron approved the report and the letter, and imitated Boker’s si lence on the subject of price. January 10, 1802, Ripley was advised of the receipt, at New York, of quantities of the Boker arms. He wrote to Cameron, asking for a copy of the “contract.” To this he re ceived no reply. There was no contract, and so there could be no copy. Feb. 18, Captain Crispin, of the Ordnance De partment, submitted a report on the condi tion of these Boker muskets. Up to that time, he had examined 01,485 of them. There were eleven varieties of them, and they were of the following calibres: .54, .55, .58, .09, .70, .71, and .72. There were also 870 unique weapons, which could not be classed. Of the whole number, 17,339 (nearly one-third) were reported to be utterly worthless ; 25,370 were fair arms; and 17,394 were highly objectionable, on account of their “necessitating the use of ammunition weighty to carry and giving a recoil inconveniently great.” More than 15,500 of them were rendered value less by having softironbayonetsattached. Out of 23 sabres inspected up to that time 13 were rejected. Cameron was under no obligation to take a single sabre or musket. No contract had ever been made, and eveiy specification of the agreement had been flagrantly violated. Even if he should take them, however, he could set his own price. He did so. The average cost of first-class musk ets, rifles, carbines,' and pistols, was at that time $12.50. Ho ordered that not only the “ fair ” arms, but the “ high ly objectionable” arms, and not only these, but the “ utterly worthless” ones, should be accepted, and paid for at the rate of $lB apiece. Moreover, he was so pleased with this amusing bargain, that he or dered from the [same firm 50,000 more muskets, at the same rate, and 10,000 more sabres, at $7.50. Boker & Co.’s little bill amounted to $2,910,000. After Simon Cameron was thrust out of the Cabinet, Hon. Joseph Holt settled this bill by pay ing sl,olo,ooo—a reduction of $1,300,000. And yet, even when this enormous sum was deducted from the profits of their bar gainings with Cameron, Boker & Co. realized a veiy fair return on the capital invested. Tins is Tint one of the long lino of trans actions which marked Simon Cameron's career as Secretary of War. It is one of the many which caused the House of Representatives to pass a resolution de claring him guilty of improper conduct. It is one of the many which compelled Mr. Lincoln to expel him from the Cabi net. With this new stigma upon him, he went to Russia. Weary ing of his exile, he returned, to buy from a rotten Legislature an election to the United States Senate, to find a con genial tool in the next President of the United States, and to he flattered and hon ored by General Grant at the expense of Charles Sumner. Emboldened by his success, he resolved to thrust himself up on Pennsylvania for another six years. Despite the warnings of prominent Re publicans, who clung to the vain hope of reforming the party within itself, he pulled the wires at the State Convention and had his puppets nominate a man af ter his own heart, Hartranft. His vault ing ambition has o’erlcaped itself. The nomination of ex-Seuator Buckalew, whose reputation for purify is as wide as Cameron’s for the opposite, has brought forward a candidate whom honest men of both the old parties can, and will, support. His majority, in October, will be only sec ond to that which will salute Horace Gree ley, the next month. For Hartranft's defeat will involve Cameron’s rejection as Sena tor, and Grant’s as President. The inter ests of the three are inextricably mingled. Hartranft could not have been nominated for Governor without Cameron’s aid, and Cameron could not have given that aid unless backed by Grant. . The following remarks, made by Mr. Huekalew in his speech at Harrisburg on the34th inst., are amply justified, not only by the foregoing reminiscence,but by scores of others which might be drawn from the jmblic records of the country; Tlie political influence that has seized upon this proud Commonwealth of oars, and it is an in fluence which is both corrupt and Insolent, must be put down. It has prostituted public oflioe; it haeforgotten duty, and loots only to gain. And bejonaont own State this poisonous influence has extended its corruptingband. By what hands is the patronage of the United States Govern ment dletribnted in Pennsylvania ? By the same Influence which has settled your accounts in the Auditor General's Department. By the same in fluence which controls the State Treasury. By the esme influence which filched a seat in the United States Senate in 1867. By the same in fluence which attempted to boy a second election in 18*3. but was tbwurtcd through the choica. by a majority of one vote, of the individual who now addressee you. It is the same corrupt power which, by a shameful combination in the .Legis lature, is charged to have secured a United States Senator and a State Treasurer In 1869. a-id Is look ingforwardtotheeleotionof another UnltedStates Senator in 1878 by the same agencies. I could not refuse the uee of my name in this great work of reform when solicited by people of all parties: and what I have to say to you is, that your cause is jn*t, and that the people, on the second Tues day of October next, will render a decision more fcalntary In political affairs than‘ever was ren dered before by the people of Pennsylvania. Advices from Virginia, Mississippi, and Louisiana show that the colored vote is dividing. "Wherever the proper pains are taken to satisfy the negroes that the elec tion of Greeley will not be followed by re manding them hack to slavery, as num bers of them were at first led to believe, the way opens for educating them into a proper conception of the nature and ob jects of the campaign. When they come to know that its objects are reconciliation all around, general amnesty, the election of honest and capable State Governments at the South, pledged to maintain the po litical equality of the colored race, and still having the power to command the obedience of the wliites, and. that such reforms affect favorably their own wel faxe, they prove to he as ready to form Greeley clubs as their white Republican biethren of the North. The Kev. J. Sella Martin, of New Orleans, a delegate to the "Philadelphia Convention, already holts the Grant ticket and goes for Greeley. He was formerly pastor of a church at Washington City, and is an educated and eloquent speaker. Snch accessions to the true Republican cause are of the highest value. It would be an ingratitude of which the colored race are not capable, if they refuse to vote for the representative Abolitionist of the North, and are led instead to vote for a mere professional soldier, whose ser vices to their race were incidental to the pursuit of his military career, and who never cared whether the war put slavery up or down. THE ALABAMA rail MS IH DOLLABB AND CEHIS. The claims for consequential damages having been withdrawn, the demand now before the Arbitrators is for direct dama ges caused by the depredations of the An glo-rebel cruisers. The British Govern ment has had these claims investigated by a Special Commission, resulted in a report that, assuming the Court shall hold Great Britain responsible at all, the evidence will not justify an award to the amount claimed by the American case The British report classifies the claims' thus: Class A, whaling and fishery ves sels; class B, vessels with cargoes of given specific description; class C, ves sels carrying general cargoes; class D, vessels in ballast; classes E andF, ves sels not included in either of the other classes. The report further states the amounts as claimed by the United States for depredations on each class by each of the cruisers, and the amount which the British lawyers think the evidence will sustain. The comparative statement is as follows: American Britieli Yereel. Oiase. claims, eaumate. Alabama—...— A *1,879,621 S 400,803 B 1306.610 611,638 C 2,8(7,337 2,032.619 D 387,4(3 • 136,021 EF 116,609 47,850 Total $6,637,620 $3,288 851 Florida A C 184,648 * 108,561 B 922*796 641,709 O 2,436,723 1,776,376 D 70.379 44,670 E F 79,766 61,050 Total $3,693,802 $2,636,668 Shenandoah A $6,001,011 $1,267,461 B 101,318 29,630 O 115,936 102 662 D 93,100 37,660. EF 22,600 Total $6,366,891 $1,377,316 Tallahaeeee A * 6,600 $ 4.600 B 219,310 133,6(4 O 207,741 101,4(1 * D 110,600 68,000 • E F 36,876 19,187 • Total $579 956 $ll7 275 Cbiohamauga...... B $95,665 $BO,llB Georgia B 203,191 195,194 O 160,781 145,837 E P 30,000 Total $383,076 $251,031 Eetrlbntfon B $18,705 $16,461 C ■ 1.630 1,240 Total $20,335 $17,701 Same C *5,640 $4,876 Nashville D 69,537 62,000 Boston E F 400 Bnmter E P 10,695 4,050 Grand total $17,763,910 $2,039,685 There is another class of claims which is to be considered, and that is the expendi ture by the United States in pursuit of the cruisers. The amount claimed is $7,080,- 478. The British insist that they are not responsible forthis at all, but, at all events, they are only responsible for expenditures made in actual pursuit of the cruisers, and that this would not exceed $1,500,000. It will be seen that the question of lia bility is not the only one to be determined, and that, if this should bo decided against Great Britain, then the inquiry will be, what was the actual damage sustained in each case; the British claiming that the real damages do not exceed fifty per cent of the sum demanded. If we are not greatly mistaken. General Stephen A. Hurlbut, of the Fourth Con gressional District in this State, was one of the most zealous promoters of the Cin cinnati Convention. True, ho was some what distant from the scene of action, but we believe that, from the elevated region and clear atmosphere of Bogota, he hurled the lightnings of his rhetoric all the way to the State of Illinois, denouncing the Republican party for tormenting the South with carpet-bag governments, denouncing the Administration of General Grant for-. manifold misconduct, and demanding a general break-up of parties and a “now deal.” AVc believe that Stephen Went back on himself somewhat in his speech before the District Convention. The question might be raised whether he was more under the influence of nervous excitement and paroxysmal insanity at Bogota or at Elgin. Total. Sallle Nashville, Boston Sumter The Binghamton (N. Y.) Republican finds a sublime mare’s nest in certain correspond ence, which it reveals with owlish profund ity. concerning Greeley's nomination. Its pt int, as argned, is, that Waldo Hutchins and other New York friends of Horace Gree ley had conferred with- Horatio Seymour and other Democrats, several months before the Cincinnati Convention was projected with a view to secure his nomination by the Democratic Convention. The point is of no consequence. A year ago sundry and num erous persons were talking of Mr. Greeley as a probable candidate for one or the other place on the ticket of either the Republican or the Democratic Conven tion, Several Republican journals nominated him for one or the other place on the ticket. Why then is it remarkable that Hutchins and Seymour should have been doing the same thing. Still, there was a whole day in the Cin cinnati Convention when a combmation be tween the friends of either Davis or Trum bull with those of Adams would have pre vented Greeley's nomination at all. In that case it would probably be found that sun-' dry [dark and mysterious conclaves were held looking to Adams’ nomination. These initial meetings have in themselves only the force of suggestion, and depend wholly on after events for their importance or insignifi cance? The Roman Catholic Chaplains of the Prussian army are under the control of one Bishop, whose diocese is composed of regi ments instead of acres. This ecclesiastic forbade his subordinates to officiate in a mili tary chapel which hod been desecrated, in his eyes, by the worshipping.of the “Old Catholics ” therein. The Prussian army is drilled in prayers as it is in arms. Military discipline was m danger. The Bishop was oidered to retract his command. The Pope snstaiued him, and he refused. He was at once suspended from his military rank, his pay stopped, and his former subordinates forbidden to obey him. A Chaplain who, un der threat of excommunication, was faith ful to him, was deprived of his rank and pay. Finally, the Bishop himself was ar rested, and is to be tried by a court-martial for disobedience to orders. This picture of a German Chancellor degrading and punish ing a Roman Catholic Bishop is a very differ ent one from that of a German Emperor waiting three days in the court-yard of a castle, until a Pope deigned to grant him an audience. The employers who yielded to the de mands of the eight-hour strikers, m New York* are retracting their concessions, one by one. The plan has had a fair trial and has been a failure. The increased cost of labor forced np tbe prices of its products. This diminished the demand, and sent a great part of what remained to the Boston an d Philadelphia manufacturers. The immi nent danger of bankruptcy has driven the New York employers back to the old system. The work of the world cannot be done in eight hours. All attempts to force it within that compass of time must, in the present state of industrial knowledge, inevitably fail. While we believe that Horace Greeley’s ideas on finance are, in the„inain, decided ly better than those of Senator Morton, we are prepared to admit that the latter has managed successfully some financial matters which the former would never have under taken. If Mr. Greeley, for instance, had been Governor] of Indiana in 18G3, with a THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: FRIDAY, JULY 5, 1872. double salary and an extra aunnal allow* anoe of $5,000 in lien of a house, he would not have issued this order: State of Indiana, ) Executive Department, > Indianapolia, February 18.1866. ) Auditor of State : Draw a warrant on the Treasurer cf State in favor of Charles Glazier for < ne honored and eighty dollars and ten cents, on et-neral rand, for bay and feed for Governor's horse, as per annexed aco’t. SlBO.lO. O. P. Morton, Governor of Indiana. The annexed account is a hill, drawn against O.P.Morton, and not against the State of Indiana, by any means. However, the State paid for the feed of two horses and a cow, and the Governor was spared the pain ful duty of footing hia own bills. We ac knowledge, at once, that Mr. Greeley has no knowledge of this sort of financiering. In Sheffield, England, masons are paid $12.50 a week, in gold; carpenters. $11.25 ,* and blacksmiths, $10.25. In New York city, masons are paid $22.80 a week, in greenbacks* carpenters, $18.00; and blacksmiths, $10.75. The greatest apparent discrepancy is that between the wages of masons. The English men receive the equivalent of about $14.20 in greenbacks. This makes the money wages of the Americans exceed those of theirrivals by 57 per cent. We commented, a short time since, on a letter from an Irish-Ameri can to an English review, from which it ap peared that his family's boots and shoes cost 350 per cent more hero than there ; their hats and caps, 200 per cent more; their house' rent, very nearly 500 per cent more; and other things in proportion. It is, in great part, Protection which increases the money value of wages in this country by 57 per cent, and increases the money value of the things which those wages must buy, from 200 to 500 per cent. And yet the upholders of this system prate about their care for the workingmen of America! The New York independent indulges in much praise of Grant's energetic efiorts for Civil Service Reform. It says that he has “ given the amplest proof that he believes in it, and means to exert his official power to this end." The latest instance of the ex ertion of official power in regard* to the Civil Service is the appointment of Clark, kicked out of his fraudulently-obtained seat in Congress, os Postmaster at Galveston, in place of an honest and efficient man, re moved simply to create the vacancy. Is this the sort of Civil Service Reform which the Independent believes in, and believes that Grant believes in ? Orate Casey, at New Orleans, and Leet, at New York, specimens of it ? Zion's Uerald, of Boston, advocates the election of Governor ClailLn to the Senate, as the successor of Henry Wilson, when the latter is elected Vice President. Governor Clallin is a Methodist, and tho Boston Con gregationaliat objects to this appropriation of offices by the Methodists, and thinks that some other man, belonging to some other persuasion, can he found who will make as good a Senator. As Mr, Wilson will not re sign his place in the Senate until after his election as Vice President, this controversy as to whether his successor shall he a Meth odist or Congregationalist is rather prema ture. A circulating library in an English town took the small-pox recently. One of those incurable fools whom God,forsome inscruta ble reason, permits to kill their betters by sheer carelessness, caught the small-pox, and whiled away the' hours of sickness by read ing books drawn from the library. These, when returned and redrawn, proved fruitful sources of disease and death in other house holds. The proprietors were compelled to issue circulars, warning the public, and call ing in all volumes in circulation. The whole library is now being disinfected. The Paris Freese is the last victim of the practical joker who manufactures American news for European papers. We learn from it that Congress has just passed alaw for the better observance of the Sabhath. Opening a store on Sunday, travelling without a special permit from the police, attending a concert or ball, and absence from oburob, except when caused by sickness, are pun ished by a fine of eight or ten “shillings” each. Transgressors will take notice and mend their ways. There has been much complaint because Secretary Robeson's absence from Washing* ton has prevented the payment of Govern ment creditors. There is a bright side to this, however. As long as he andf Creswell stay away, there is no danger of onr being swindled into paying Secor and Chorpen ning claims. Thomas P. Bocock is prominently named for next Governor of Virginia. —The Corydon Index expects that'Jndge H. W, Maxwell, of Warren, will be nominated for Congress on the'firet ballot in the Seventh lowa District Convention, Ang. 14, and that thereby the Kasson-Palmer fend will be baimopized. —Ex-Congressman Wm. E. Loughridge, is going into the Sixth lowa District Con vention, July 9, with considerable strength. Walden is also a candidate for re-election. —The St. Louis Republican declares, upon information of which it is satisfied, that the removal of Logan H. Roots, as United States Marshal in Arkansas, was solely dne to his opposition to the corruptions and usurpa tions of the Clayton faction; and, to cover the President’s interference in the local poli tics of the State with a decent pretence of Civil Cervice Reform it was found necessary to slander Roots by putting in circulation a statement that there was something wrong in bis accounts. —The Cedar Rapids Republican thinks there is no doubt of the re-election of Mr. Donnan to Congress from this district. There is more than doubt about his election. In tbe first place, it is by no means certain thelße* publicans will nominate him. bat if they do, he can he beaten.— Dubuque Telegraph. —Armstrong, of the Cleveland Flaindealer, will he a candidate for congress in the San dusky District. —The population and vote in IS7O of the Missouri Congressional Districts is as fol lows : /-Pop Governor, Population, Liberal. Republican. Fi st 119.321 5,033 779 St-CJODd 125,705 3,373 2.135 Third 106,163 6106 1,647 Fourth ....18-1.822 9,270 2.635 Fifth 110,356 8,038 4,365 Sixth ...149,711 6,316 7,491 Seventh 167,171 9,341 8073 Eighth 123 213 * 8.157 4,395 Ninth 125 621 8.253 0,753 Tenth 137,449 8 687 9,390 Eleventh 134,347 8 304 6,217 Twelfth 127,822 8,506 6,730 Xuirteenth, 139,850 11,607 3.516 The Districts which the Grant men hope to carry are : The First, or Carondelet Dis trict, which used to give heavy Republican majorities, the vote of 1870 being excep tional; tbe Sixth, in tbe Southwest ; the Seventh, or Jefferson City District ; the Ninth, in the Northwest; and the Tenth, adjoining it on the lowa border. —Governor Hoffman, Lieutenant Governor Beach, and Clarkson N. Porter are talked of by New York Democrats for Governor, and Mr. George William Curtis is tbe moat prominent of the Republicans for the place. : —A fifteen-dollar Government advertise ment, with a sly hint at a Post Office, will make an Administration editor howl like a panther.— Cincinnati Enquirer. —The Detroit Post says: The nomination of William A. Moore, by the ' Democratic S«ate Convention, at Lansing, yester day, to head the Michigan delegation at Balti more, and the defeat of ex-Mayor Wheaton, was a palling stroke in the face of the Free Press. It was equivalent to a vote by the Democratic State Convention of Michigan condemning that paper, which has long been swearing by Wheaton, and cow shares his reputation by hla and its own party. Moreover, Mr. Moore has been the head and front of the Greeley move ment in this State ; while Mr. Wheaton has been the bead of the Free Press Old Hunker faction. —Tbe Detroit Free Press, commenting on ** The Result in the Convention,” manifests a purpose to still oppose Greeley. —The other day we challenged the Gazette to show the names of six respectable Ger man voters in Davenport who uncondition ally supported Grant. It has not and cannot discover them. With some 1,230 German voters registered, this has an ominous ap pearance. The fact is, the German element here is aunit against corruption and central ization, and we question if a hundred votes will be polled by the Teutonic element in all lowa for the great gift-taker.— Da veujport (Iowa) Democrat. ' —The Chicago Times and Judge Stallo are rapidly falling into the position of twins in misfortune, with no nursing-mother to guide their wanderingfootsteps through the track less, uninhabited desert of opposition. Liv ingstone may emerge safely from the wilds of Africa; from their political death-bed there is no resurrection,— Cincinnati Enquirer* I POLITIOAX. WASHINGTON. Judge Thurman’s Speech at Char lottesville—The Press vs. Oratory. Enemies of Public Information— The Foolishest Man in New York. The Secular vs. the Religious Press— Our New Washington Railway. z. From, Our Own Correspondent. WASHINGTON, JHQ6 28. Judge Thurman has just discovered, and said with effect before the University of Virginia, that the newspaper-press had taken the place of the orator in onr country; and he gave the students and Alumni the perti nent advice to support their own local news papers, and thus reduce the inordinate infln enceof “the metropolitan press." The Judge might have passed a step further, and shown that the first step to make the local press self-supporting, is to persuade their pro prietors to live otherwise than upon the spoils of National parties. If Centralism, upon the scale which Judge Thurman fears, could ever be effected here, it would be through the combined influence of those journals which depend solely upon the Ad ministration for living, moving, and having their being. THE NEW YORK NEWSPAPERS are not relatively advancing in influence. Nobody believes that the New York Times has the vigor and rank to-day thatl t held under* Mr. Raymond, even at the period when it supported the Johnson Convention in Philadelphia; for it did support that bolt with resources, versatility, and the pen and mind of a practical man. Its support of President Grant is neither as humorons, as forcible, nor as effective as the Ohio State Journals, the Cleveland Leader's, or the Bos ton Gldbtfs* The New York Tribune contin ues to keep its influence very greatly through its enterprise In gathering news, and the good language of its essays and criticisms; hut on many heads, and on some which are favorite with it, it is not the first journal even of its school. The New York Eerald so far acknowledges the influence of tbe press of other cities that it gives a col umn or two a weok„as a leader, quoting what they say. The World has been set on its latter end, like a lad at school, and the long hat put on its head by such interior Democratic news papers as tbe Cincinnati Enquirer , the Clev eland JPJaindealer , the Boston Post, the Spring field Register, and the journals of St. Louis. What danger of Centralization there might be in the newspaper profession does not ap pear in the extensively-prevailing jealousy amongst other members of it at Mr. Gree ley's preferment at this time, although he has been an active writer for forty years, and is probably more unexceptionable to the editorial profession at large than auv other member of it. It properly exists, in the constitution of things, that the power to organize amongst its practitioners for per sonal uses, is impossible in journalism. There will always be a certain kind of con tention between two or more journals com peting in the some newspaper zone. A BACK LICK. The Centralization with which we are threatened is, in great part, due to such men as Judge Thurman himself, who should have discovered thirty-live years ago that Slavery would raise a party in opposition to it, which would ulti mately carry tbe Federal State, and, after its victory over Slavery, make aggressions of an interfering sort upon local rights. Nobody is in despair, at this juncture, over the possibility of setting in motion the reflex wave from the people back to the Federal authority; and this will bo accom plished by electing a man who, hailed by the people at large with wonderful unani mity, finds his chief opponents amongst certain persons in his own craft, who are afraid that journalism will not he Centraliza tion enough under him. The politicians have used the editors for nearly one hundred years in this country ; but when, suddenly, one man—who, in his turn, has been forgotten and slighted by dozens of Governors, and Senators, and Cabinet Ministers whom he helped to create—is presented by the peope for high office, Jndge Thurman suspiciously discov ers that we have got “ Centralization ” at last. The fact is the other way ; for the pol iticians of the party have taken a back seat, and the people and the young men are sup porting Mr. Greeley, very much to the dis gust of some persons who have managed the conventions and caucuses and distributed the post offices, for thirty years: However, nothing is lost byany suggestion which will make men think; and, if there be anything in the metroplitan press, or any other press, menacing to the liberties of the people* let it be found out and exposed. But what is Judge tiiurman’s remedy lor the importance of journalism in a land were all men read ? There should be no prompt remedy short of stopping popular ed ucation, or convincing constituencies that they ought not to take information except at tbe hands of persons like Thomas Ben ton. William H. Seward, andßobert Toombs. i. The better journals of the country keep persona employed for periods of years to study public life just where these Senators and ring-masters live, and consequently the pnblic are as promptly advised of what is going on as the statesmen themselves. There will be no difference in this respect when -Mr. Greeley is elected. Vigilance, challenge, and criticism will go on: for it will not be the profession of journalism on trial then, but the President of the United States, just as at present the profession of arms is not on trial in President Grant, but the Science of Government. Judge Thurman is a nimble, lucid, and in teresting debater, and has the right to put forward his propositions; and we are all right glad that, instead of arguing before the students of Charlottesville about the. dogmas of Mr. Calhoun, or some of the old rubbish-questions of the past period, he has brought a new proposition forward. I OUR REMEDY. To keep the press ifrom ever becoming a tyranny, let tbe Government see that it is relieved of the necessity of paying extrava gant dues to monoplies in news and elec tricity, and of living upon the proceeds of a fictitious advertising patronage, such as that of the Government. The more newspapers make men think, the better; and it is also for the better that the newspaper is the vehicle for thought and discussion; for books are expensive, particularly as onr publishers make them under such restric tions as they impose upon Congress, paying nobody abroad for his copyright and putting a premium upon bad typography and execu tion at home. If Adam Smith had written in a five-cent morning paper, it would have taken his principles less time to get down to the great body of mankind. But Eeople ought to go back to ooks who anticipate that any terrible demoralization has overtaken the bulk of onr countrymen, and that they are not able to reform tbe Government and make bad rulers au example. It is worth any ten battles of the war to have witnessed bow the rising generation-of Southern peo ple and Northern Democrats have met the Reform propositions of the Liberal Republi cans who are just what Mr, Thurman is talking about, opponents of Centralization, and advocates of the fullest citizen and neighborhood liberty compatible with our National obligations. THE SAULSBURY PEACHES IMPEACH THINGS. it is also apparent, from reading such papers as the Dover Delawarean , that the Salisbury family is not pleased with a ticket headed by a journalist. That paper says that ** Certain members of Congress, whose re election has been rendered doabtfol by the redistricting of their States, suppose that they may make political capital bvthe fusion with Liberal Republicans. They want to be Congressmen, Governors, or Legislators.” The above could not have been the motive of Mr. Voorhees, who has come to Congress time after time, nor of the Sanlsburys and Bayards, who have reduced the standard of th*-ir State m the conntry by pertinaciously holding to just the above offices, transmit ting them from father to son, and dividing them up amongst the brothers. We beheld, a little more than a year ago, three members of thei SanJabnry family contending for one and the same seat in tbe United States Sen ate. They appeared to have entertained no notion that the rest of the country looked upon this family contention as about as bad as General Grant’s rewarding his brothera in-law. Tbe least, therefore, said about self ishness amongst snoh people tbe bet ter ; and, as the Sanlsburys are by no means destitute of energy and force, they might direct these qualities to secur ing for their State a higher relative standing amongst Commonwealths, and let men of the new generation have a chance. Public life should be tbe highest school iu the Jandfor abilities, andevenfor scrupulous ambition. The Sanlsburys have had plenty of-public life; but it is an open question whether their accomplishments and prefer ment have justified the period they have oc cupied. THE LAST RUN OF SHAD. About one year ago, I heard Senator Bay ard address the only college in the State of Delaware, in a captious fashion, denounc ing compulsory education, and even quali fying his indorsement of general education. No young man or father iu a conservative State, who heard that address, could have departed with 'much encourage ment that schooling would do any good in the gross. At a meeting of tbe Board of Trustees for that year, ot which Governor Sauiabury was Dean, be did net even put in an appearance, although the coHege had been closed about twelve years. One gentleman, therefore, of the old pat tern, seems to be afraid of journalism, and two others seem to be afraid of education. It will be found out this year that the peo ple are afraid of the opposite things of ob tnseness, of dumbness, and of selfishness in high places,—more than of the popular im pulses and the broadening desire for daily enlightenment at tbe breakfast table with an enterprising newspaper, and in the school room with a liberal text-book. THE TENDER BEHINDS. It is amusing and pitiful to see the grim aces. which a very few old fogies in both parties make at the spectacle of a cordial union of men, tired of the past and anxious for the future, coming together as at Spring field and at Topeka, to shake banda and lead heretofore divided columns against Cen tralization, Party Despotism, and Rascality. Virginia, which was, from the beginning to the end of tbe war, the battlefield, was one of the first States to make cordial adhe sion to the Union again, and restore, of its own motion, peace, acquiescence, and dig nity. States like Maryland and Kentucky, where the populations were divided within the State lines, were much longer coining about. The neighborhood spirit is predominant all over this land, and four-fifths of the peo ple of this country are outraged at the ag gressions which the Federal power has made upon tbe common law since the close of the war. Therefore, the Greeley movement is directly in the line of Judge Thurman's ar gument; and, if it should upset the Sauls burys and chasten the Bayards, no great harm would be done, because there is a good deal of Centralization in both parties, and more in Delaware than in Illinois. ETHAN ALLEN AND THE AFTERBIRTH. Apropos of the family spirit, we have in New York City another proof of how seldom the virtues of gallant ancestors are trans mitted to the third generation, in the case of Ethan A. Allen, who writes from the con genial atmosphere of Wall street. Room No. 11, to protest against Mr. Ethan A . Allen, Chairman of the Liberal National Commit tee, using his own name in whatever way he sees fit. It looks very much as if Ethan Allen was to he the beginning of a family, and Ethan A. Allen had got to be the tail of one. Certainly we never expect to £66 a statue of Ethan .j. Allen put upiu the State House at Montpelier beside tbe statue of his grandfather; and, if the de scendant was not so utterly trivial that he was obliged to publish this ill-natured card from no reasonable motive, it would be bard for visitors to the statue of Ethan Allen not to feel a sense of ridicule, that from such loins could pome such small potatoes. Ethan A. Allen will never got the distinc tion even that John Allen enjoyed for some time, of being “ the wickedest man in New lork," although he is probably the foolish est. ANTI-SECULAR BOWENS. Apropos of Judge Thurman and metropol itan journalism, I see a very good letter in the Baltimore American (Administration) on secular and religious journalism in New lork, where the following language is used: Religions journalism In New York - *la not of much better character than the other. Oar great religions papers make their proprietors rich men, and the curse and bondage of Lucre is on them nil. They compete with all their might with the secular press in secular matters, and in not only secular, but questionable advertising. There is no cue of these so-called religions papers with which a true votary of sacred rest trust hizreell or his children on the Sabbath. The above aapears to be a hit at the Inde pendent, which is run on the orthodox sew ing-machinelprinciule; for, a few paragraphs below, there is quite a puff of the Christian t nion, published by J. B. Ford & Co., of which a leading member is said to be Sam Wilkieon. Now, if onr great statesmen want to break np the secular press, and our pious friends see only ruin in the religions press, it follows that there is a conspiracy between Orthodoxy in the Church and Bourbonism in tbe State to stop the newspapers altogeth er, and live on the collection-box. It did happen last year that the secular press foiced the religious press to behave to the extent of making a decent examination of the Methodist Book-Room frauds, in New York, and turn out the l( money-ohangers and them who sold doves" there,—not to mention oil companies and life-insurance companies started within Book Rpoms; but we have at last one shining instance of the combination of good old regular politics and regular faith to make one exemplary journal: Senator Har lan, of lowa, has bought the Washington Chronicle .. Here is a chance for all the faith ful, and, it is needless to say, nothing is charged for this advertisement. OUR NEW RAILROAD. Before yon receive this letter, trains will be running over the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad between ‘Washington and the Con vention City. This road was surveyed in ISCS, and, although the charter was given to certain Maryland gentlemen, the money has been contributed mainly by the Pennsyl vania Central Railway. It re duces the distance between Baltimore and Annapolis about 29 miles, and the fare between Washington and Balti more will be reduced to 80 cents (some say CO), where it is now $1.20, and, up to within one year ago. had been $1.50. There are nineteen stations between Baltimore and Washington, and some bridges 550 feet in length, besides one over the Eastern Branch over 2,000 feet long. Tunnels have been built both in Washington and in Baltimore, and work is meantime going on to mn an arm of this road to the Lower Potomac and another to Richmond, Ya. Another road, owned by rival interests, is being constructed from Point Lookout to Washington, throwing open a very ancient and decayed part of Maryland to the cen tralizing newspapers; while, in Western Maryland, two or three roads are competing to get to the Cumberland coal mines. With in three years from this time, the State of Maryland will have as much railroad, relatively, as any Commonwealth in the country ; andjit is equally encouraging to see that, at such places on the bay as Old Point, and Sewall's Point, large and comfortable hotels have been erected, replacing those destroyed by the war, and giving the people on the Chesapeake places of assemblage on their own maritime coasts, not far inferior to those spots on the Northern coasts which, while they lead to some social extravagance, on the whole bring the people together and promote interchanges of opinion and civili zation. Gath. PERSONAL. Franz Abt sails for Europe to-morrow. —Only six Colonels contest a Georgia Judgeship. ' —Father Burke made $G,250 in three New York lectures. —The Rev. Dr, C. C. Beatty has offered to give Steubenville, 0„ $lO,OOO for a public park. —Tom Murphy is described by a Long Branch correspondent as a hat-faced blonde, with a haughty, thoroughbred air.” —Captain Rufus Barnard, now 81 years old, has lived in Westfield, Vt., on the same farm, seventy-nine years. —Anna Dickinson is preparing a new lec ture, which knowing ones pronounce “start ling,” Grant 'was so blind drunk that he couldn’t lie down decently at the battle of Pittsburgh Landing.— John A. Logan . —The Atlanta Sun is very popular among its exchanges. They cut out Mr. Stephens' editorials for paper-weights. —Ludlow Ap-Jones, the adventurous Cin cinnatian, who went to Borneo some six or eight months since to become a Rajah to some native tribes there, has returned home* —Mrs. Catherine Marsh, of Baltimore, who murdered her four children, and was adjudg ed insare, is now confined in an insane asy lum, and though only 29, her hair has turned completely white. —ls this personal? The New York Sun, quoting from the Times a remark that the editor of the San “is the most cowardly, ve nal, and leokless libeller now living,” says: Whoever eaya that the editor of thetfan is venal ia a l!ar, a libeller, and a scoundrel. As to the question cf cowardice, the editor of the Times has a perpetual opportunity to put that to the test, which he persistently neglects to im prove. —The Postmaster at JerseyJClty refuses to pay his political assessments. He says he has already paid $3OO, and all the “ profits ” were absorbed by a clerk who ran away with $3,000. —Mrs,Wharton,who was acquitted in Ann apolis, last winter, of the murder of Gen eral Ketohum, is in hotter health, and has returned to her home in Baltimore. It is thonght she will never be tried on the charge of attempting to poison Mr. Van Ness. —Dr. Lowenfeld, the biographer of Alex ander Yon Humboldt, has succeeded in pur chasing for the University of Strasbourg tbe whole scientific apparatus and all the in struments which belonged to the great scholar and philosopher at the time of his death, —Captain Burton, the eminent traveler, has recently started for Iceland, where he hopes to explore some portion of the 23,000 miles of territory which are unknown to modem geographers. Captain Barton’s re searches will extend to the condition and remains of Icelandic literature, and his tour is intended to comprehend many of the. points raised, but not solved, by previous travelers. He is accompanied by tbe Earl of Donraven. Captain Barton Isa lineal de scendant of tbe author of “ Anatomy of Mel ancholy.” —Senator Cole, of California, received an enthusiastic reception at San Francisco on his arrival there, June 33. His successful efforts to defeat the plans of the Central Pacific Railway Company to get possession of Goat Island, in which the City of the Golden Gate seems to he intensely inter ested, doubtless Intensified the cordiality with which his constituents received him. FAEIS. St. Medard and the Weather Question. Death of Marshal Vaillant-A Sketch of Ois Career. Matters in the National Assembly— Census-Taking—Cost of the Commune, From Our Own Correspondent. Fa&ib, June 10. ST. MEDARD. I give you a thousand chances to one to guess what was the attraction, the beacon light, the sun of the week, in Paris and France.’ It was not Marshal Vaillant, one of ourimiiitary glories, who has died; nor Cre mona, the winner of the Derby, gaining for his owner,with his rapid hoofs, the great Paris prize and millions in bits; nor Mr. Thiers, with one of his wonderful speeches, master works of goodfiense t Bcience, and knowledge, No, it was a saint of the lowest class, St. Medard, the controller of rain, according to an old proverb at which everyone smiles, and which every one accepts as an article of faith. That which absorbed all this week was to know whether it would rain or not on the Stb, which is St. Medard’s day, because, ac cording to an old saying, which is very gen eral and pretty true, when it rains on that day it will rain on the forty following ones. More than one of you will smile, and think lam indulging in paradoxes, or at least ex aggerating, when I say this was the great .thingof the week. What! France, the pre eminently skeptical nation, and Paris, the queen of incredulous cities, have fallen to such a degree of superstition as to seriously believe that this Saint is able to make it rain for forty days, or to keep it from doing so? Well, yea. Apparently the belief is ab surd, but it exists; and do not begin too soon to laugh at this credulity ; for, like all be liefs which have lived so long, this one has reasons for existing, and even good ones, dyed with superstition, but based on ob servation and science, as you will see. The festival of St. Medard precedes by a few days the summer • solstice. For two or three weeks before and after this time, the’alti tude of the sun hardly varies. Each day it pours upon the earth the same amount of heat, so that the polar regions have the son on the horizon during the entire day. O wing to this astronomical fact, these days have a terrible similarity when they are rainy. The weather is fixed. St. Medard coming at the beginning of this season, the nature of which is unchangebleness if the weather is fine that day.it will be so for five or six weeks; if rainy, it will rain for about the same time, or forty days, as the proverb has it. The people, who do not go to the bottom of things, and see only the result, know by tradition that, if it rains or shines during St. Medard’s day, about the first day of this period, the weather will not change imme diately. They do not reflect, but put all this down to the account of the Saint. Then, since we have been aflilcted with rain for mhny days; as it threatens to destroy the next, harvest, which means the subsistence of all; and as inundations, al ready serious, but which may become worse, have resulted from this rain,—the people awaited this day with genuine anxietv, and saw it pass by without rain, with real happi ness. Very few want to have it thought that they believe in this, and, with the exception of a few faithfnl, no one seemed to want to show any confidence in this prophecy. In reality, almost all have some belief in it. some having confidence in the traditional observations of the people; others, like my self, through a sincere belief; and the major ity by a superstitious idea fo which they in stinctively abandon. themselves, as their fathers did, and their children will do after them. The sayings relative to this Saint are counted by dozens, and vary according to provinces, but all mention his power. I have told you the most generally-diffused one; but many others, no less characteristic, have been adopted by popular credulity. If it rains on St. Medard’a day, the crop will be lessened by a quarter; if it rains on St. Bar nabas’ day, by a half, unless it is fine on St. Gervais 7 day. For, in spite of St. Me dard’s watery omnipotence, he is not the only one who reigns over onr aquatic desti nies St. Barnabas, who rules on the Uth, and St. Gervais, who shines on the 19th. can, to a certain degree, correct the rainy in fluence of their colleague in sanctity. But how do they come to an under standing in heaven concerning this mixture of rain and fine weather 1 Do they settle it by Ambassadors, as England and Amer ica do the Alabama claims ? I cannot say, since I have no personal relations with these individuals, none of whom patronize me. All that I know is, that St. Medarie not hav ing wept on his day, and the grain looking well, we have a prospect of a good har vest, which I earnetly desire, because we have much to pay, and on the coming crops depends, to a great, extent, the possibility of our doing it. On this depends, for ns, a difference of hundreds of millions. MARSHAL VAILLANT. One of the most celebrated of the Marshals of France, the Marshal-Count Yaillant, died this week, at the age of 83- Ho exoired with out pain, after a bnef sickness, retaining to the end all his distinguishing traits,—much keenness, sagacity, and good nature. His military career was excellent. Born in 1790, he was educated at the Polytechnic, was a Lieutenant of Sappers at Dantzio, and served in the Bnssian campaign, where he was dec* orated for his coolness and capacity* He was made a prisoner there, and returned to France, only after the peace. He was at Lignyand Waterloo, in 1815, and fought bravely. In 1830, in Algeria, he carried on as Major, the seige of the Emperor Fort, the blowing np of which indnced the Dey to capitnlate. There he had nis leg broken by a shell. In 1883 he took part in the . seige of Anvers. Between 1834 and 1833, he organized in Algeria a system of block-houses, of small, detached forts, which, helped greatly in the conquest of the conn* try. In ISSShe was at the head of the Poly technic School; and, in 1840, was employed on the fortifications of Paris. In 1340 he had charge of the engineers and siege oper ations at Borne, and carried them on with great ability, forcing the enemy to surren der, and. at the same time, avoiding injuring any public buildings. In 1854 he was ap pointed Marshal of France. and afterwards Minister of War, and had charge of the prep arations for the Crimean war. Daring the Italian war, he changed his portfolio for the position of Major General of the army, made the campaign with the Emperor, and, in many respects, contributed more than any other person to his success. In 1860 the Em peror appointed him member of the Privy Council and Minister of the Imperial House hold and Fine Arts, from which he was re moved by the revolution of Sept. 4,1870. The military qualities of Marshal Yaillant did not prevent his devoting himself sne-- cestfnlly to the culture of the sciences,—his favorite pursuit.' He was a member of al most all the prominent scientific and agri cultural societies of France, and of foreign conn tries : President of the Bureau of Lon f gitnde, over which lie often presided, and to which he often brought the valuable aid of his metkoiioal, decisive, and acute mind,— for, without intending to insult his ghost, which I greatly love, he was a keen politi cian and shrewd courtier. He became a member of tbe Academy of Sciences in 1853, and maintained his pisse there well, by unpretending, but generally useful labors, especially from an agricultural point of view. So far as the practical science was concerned, the Marshal loved and cultivated gardens with a kind of rage. Yegetables, fruit, and ornamental trees, and especially flowers, were raised by him; and he often spaded, pruned, and watered his favorites, like a gardener enamored of his art. When he was Minister of War, it was a very amus ing sight to see his Excellency in shirt sleeves, his breast bare, and with wooden shoes on, abandoning himself to the pleasure of gardening. As a private citizen, he was a good man in every sense of the word; abrupt,—coarse, occasionally, to all who seemed to him not to be doing their duty,—but a good man. He adored his wife, the widow of General Haxo, whom he loved during the life of her first husband, whose Aide-do-Camp ho was in all respects, as ill-natured people said. I know many acts of kindness on his part, some of them personal,—for, through my father, who was his friend, and also indi vidually, I have frequently had relations with him. Bat these personal details mat ter little to £on. Men are little, and deeds are much. So let ns pass to the latter. FREE TRADE IN THE ASSEMBLY, The National Assembly has recently elect ed the Committee on the Estimates, com posed of thirty members, whose duty is to make a definite statement of onr financial condition, of receipts and expenses. This is the important matter of the day. The Free-Traders have a considerable majority in the Committee, standing twenty to ten, and, even among the ten, some are rather at sea, and many are disposed to make con cessions. There are hardly five pure and simple Protectionists. This organization of the Committee leads to a pretty certain in fluence that the Assembly favors Free Trade. This modern tendency, eminently civilizing, reasonable, hnmanitarian.and,whatever may be said.useful to every nation, because each one excels in the production of certain things, has then every prospect of enjoying a long life, which I heartily wish. THE STATE COUNCIL OF STATE. The Assembly has also chosen the Com mittee whose duty it is to settle the Coun cillors of State. The Right—that is, the monarchical party—were successful in this. Only two members of the Committee belong to the Centra Left, or the avowed Republi cans. If the Royalists dared;; they-plainly Lave a maioxity in the Assembly,ae this last vote has shown,and could try a bold stroke to set up a sovereign. Bat for whose advan tage ? They are enrolled under four ent banners, and follow four* Princes, who hate one another—Bourbon, Orleans, Bona parte. etc. The Bonapartists are now court ing the Legitimists, oat of hate to the Orleanists. whom they chiefly fear. Bat the white flag is too pare, proud, and immaculate to tally itself by the hypocritical toach of those who wish to use it to pall the chest nuts ont of the Are that is to overturn the Republic for the sake of the Empire. Le gitimacy may make terms with the great enemy, the Republic, for they are both prin ciples. though as opposite as fire and water. But for it to ally itself with any usurp er would be the destruction of its party. So they say that Mr. Konher, who recently ask ed for an interview with the loaders of that party, and obtained it, had his propositions for alliance coldly received, if not rejected, on account of the traditional policy of the Legitimists, and had to renounce his hopes, THE ARMY. The Army bill was this week the subject of a very animated debate in the National Assembly, relative to the time of compul sory service. Some, like General Trochu, of unhappy memory, wanted only three years. Others, like Changamier, Chaazy. Dncrot, Thiers, the entire Committee, ail competent to speak on the subject, wanted five years, and got it. This was the subject of one of the most remarkable, if not the most remarkable, of the speeches Mr, Thiers has ever made,—a masterpiece of wisdom, I do not summarize it here, for it would spoil it, as one spoils a peach in trying to get out the iuice; but I urge all of you. who take an interest in military matters to read it. Ido not think it possible to find anything more wise and practical, and so sensibly expressed that it seems, at the first glance, as if one could never have thought otherwise. THE CENSUS. The census is now being taken in France, as is customary every five years. But at Paris it has a double character. The Com mune having destroyed not only the public buildings, but the civil records, they are now trying to restore them, which is no lit tle matter, for tens of millions were burned up. To obtain this result, each one is ques tioned concerning his birth, his relations, and all the other information he can give. .This led to a very amusing scene with one of' Our prominent actresses, who makes a point of of hiding her age, so serious does she find it. She herself told the story very funnily. “Just fancy,” said she, in the green-room of her theatre, the Comedie JFrancaiae, “these discourteous people came to ask me how old I was, when I have told no one for years, not even myself. I put them out quickly.. They said the register of my birth, was burned, and I told them so much the better for me. lam as old as I please. I am 20, and shall stay there forever. I have a right to, for my register of birth is burnt, and I think you are very ill-bred to ask me what I willnever tell you.” Then she said she put them out of the door, and shut it in their faces. It was an unheard-of thing to ask a woman as young as she how old she was. But, with the exception of these coquet tish eccentricities, the operation is progress ing easily and rapidly,—each one under standing that the object is the interest of one and all. Only the incendiary hirelings of an enemy, stung by battled hate, would have destroyed the records of an entire city. COST OF THE COMMUNE. They have recently made an approximate estimate of what the Commune has cost France, merely by tire, —for I do not speak of indirect expenses, like the restoration of records and the damage arising from their loss, the stoppgge of business, the disfcnrb ance of credit, the losses of life, of health, and especially of reason, which resulted, from this affair. They cannot be estimated. They amount to hundreds upon hundreds of millions; more than Prussia deprived us of, or asked us for. It is worse than your war of secession, which had at least au aim, a reason for existence; and you know what that war cost you in all respects. But this foul Commune, planned and carried out under the eyes of the enemy, paid by him, and acting under his suggestions,.with no real cans© except the unacknowledged thirst for plunder, is the indelible stain upon onr century and our nation, which can he excused only by the frenzied con dition dl an immense city, seething with hunger, useless contests, and desperate" patriotism. The destruction by tire amounts to seventeen public buildings and fifty-two private houses, —valued at five hundred million francs. That is, property to that amount has been destroyed, burned, re duced to ashes, for the mere sake of destroy- . ing. It is the height of insanity. EiHLE Caiuiey. The Hmrrlaon Street Police-Station. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Sin: Some one signing himself “F. LJ has “risen to explain 77 In regard to the two station-keepers at the Harrison Street Sta tion, and even goes so far as to enumerate what they perhaps onghc to do, but what is. by no means done by them. First, he says the Harrison Street Station is under their entire charge. This means simply nothing at all. Second, he says they have to keep the station in clean condition. If “F.L.” had simply looked at the washstaud in the sitting-room, or main room, he might have satisfied himself on that point to hia heart’s content. The sawdust in the court room has not been changed in two months of time. They have to make up and keep in order forty beds. The whole making-up of beds is performed whenever there are any women in the lock-up. They (perhaps one or two) are taken out and set at work to make up the beds, and sweep and scrub the floors. At all other times, there is no sernb bing or cleaning done, except in the sitting room, which, of course, they sweep out every morning. As to the making up of the beds by the station-keeper, let every patrolman give his testimony. Fourth, they have to go after a doctor when necessary. There is no time when there are not from six to fifteen policemen at the sta tion, who could and would do it; but there is no occasion for it, perhaps, twice in the year. Fifth,-they have to take charge of all lost children. There are, perhaps, on an average, a half-dozen children brought to the station in a month, and they are not there, perhaps, more than half an hour be fore they are claimed by their parents. But how well these station-keepers take charge of them, let the patrolmen testify to, because there were ■ chil dren advertised as being lost for three or four days, and when finally picked up by a patrolman and brought to tne sta tion, these worthies took charge of them so well that they were lost again within one hour. Sixth, they have to take charge of witnesses, and also to hold stolen property in transit before being taken in charge by the Custodian. If there are any witnesses held here, they are generally locked up in the lock-up, and those that are not manage, as a general thing, to come up missing, so well do these worthies take charge of them. The stolen property is of such a nature that it does not require any one to take charge of it before the Custodian re ceives it. It consists generally of old iron, or clothing, jewelry, cloth, etc.; and if the _ three last mentioned-articles are brought in. there are so mauv who would like to, and do, take charge of it, that the station-keep ers are never called on, to their great dissat isfaction. Seventh, th*y have to takecharge and look after aii horses taken up by the en tire forefc, as no provisions are made at other stations for the same. This is a simple and unadulterated untruth, as there is a hostler here, paid by the city, who performs thia work t aud the lockup-keeper iaalco down thQ description, and where ths animal was found. Eighth, they take charge of all sheets, towels, etc., coming from all the oth er sub-stations, etc. The facts are these: The station-keepers in the sub-stations pat sheets, towels, etc., in a bag, label them, aid bring them to the Harrison Street Station, where the Bridewell*’bus calls for them. This i s all the charge-taking they do. Chicago, July 3. Mrs. Phoebe Campbell’* Remarks Before Her Execution for the (Harder el Her Hatband. I now thank the jury for bringing me in guilty, and I hope 1 will meet them in heaven. And I thank the Judge for my right sentence, and say for a truth they done what was right in the sight of God and man. And I thank the Queen 7 s counsel for hia kindness, and hope to meet him in heaven. They all done their best to find out the murder, and I say it would have beeu wrong to let me free alter that dreadful crime. I deserve more than lam getting. To think my poor husband was launched into eternity without a moment’s warning, while God has spared me to repent aud prepare for death, O! my dear friends, I hope you will take warning by what yon see aud hear. It is a solemn thing to die if not pre pared. The judgment box of God is dreadful to face if onr sine are not forgiven, but if yonr sins are for given the thoughts of dying are sweet in a believer’s ear. How sweet the name of Jesus sounds in a believer’s ear; it soothes his sorrows, heals his wounds, and drives away his fears. O, my dear fellow crea- ' tnres. I pray seek the Lord while He may bo found. Remember my last wishes to yon. ail. If you are not saved it is your own fault, lor He is ready to save to the utmost, vile aud wickedness. My dear friends, come. O, Xam so happy. This momingis tne happiest morning I think I ever spent, for I am a day’s march nearer home. O, my friends, listen to Hia and to His outstretched arms to fold you to His breast. Come, just as you are, without one plea; O, Lamb of God, I come. Fare well, my dear and grieving friends. Remem ber a dying woman’s last words. Prepare to meet me in Heaven, where I am going. Good-bye to all, and God bless yon aIL —A man passed through Worcester, Mass. , last week Sunday, who had travelled nearly four thousand miles in four mouths, on foot, on his way to Boston. He carried with him,, a gun and woollen blanket, a haversack and canteen. He declined the proffered hospi tality of a citizen, replying that he did not nek any one for hia living. When he left Nevada he bad $l5O, some of which remained nnspett when he was in Worcester,