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tyhiatao P>U7 XttBKU P« J»«. »y MU1......J. ,81 2^2 Iri-WMkIT Kdioao, per yen. by Milt. «.0O ■nnfllT EHUod. per T«t, >7*oll- S^JO Weekly rawra. p“ yo«. by Milt.————. swki PaneoliyeiPil* sl ® 1 teem «»4 rire “SSTttMPM miy tx Bide elder W <n*M. «?”“■ Po*loflM#rler. orlireilBtewfllrtMtt»,»» cnrrtet tkmetocittbdbsobiksm pilly, aeUwea. ennfliy eioeftea, 25 oenU P« weu. otmpTnyT^ AddTMI jso. US n»w«l-cl OMoACO* 111* TKIBUH* Brandi Offloe. Wo. 4W where SS£M2W-SSS^ffl*^»*^ uflwill secure tlis mne mttentumu U UXtM me grain OffiOft. Send»y Hernia*. July 7, 1878. CHICAGO AS A PLACE OF BUJOIEE EESOET. The recent heated term in all parts of the country furnishes another instance of the fact that in no city of the land can that comfort he found which awaits the sum mer resident of Chicago. TYe have had our share of the bot weather, the ther mometer indicating for a few hours on several days the extreme point of 90 de grees ; hut even this heat lasted only a few days, and was accompanied, as is always the case in Chicago, with a cool and re freshing breeze, commencing at 4 o’clock in the afternoon and continuing during the whole evening and night. The heathas not been this season, and rarely oven for a day, so great as to interfere with outdoor walks or rides after 3 o’clock, or to pre vent the comfortable enjoyment and re freshment of sleep at night. There is no other city in the United States which offers such inducements to summer visitors as Chicago. It is true that this season we have fewer hotels and less of luxurious hotel accommodation than we have had in years ; but, ncvcitijciess, Chicago, with that wonder ful power of adaptability that enables her to triumph over all difficulties, lias ample accommodations, which would he consid ered first-class in any other city, for all who may choose to find health, comfort, and abundance, and escape the torrid heats and miasmatic exhalations of other cities. Chicago offers to the citizens of the Atlantic Slope and of the Mississippi Val ley, during the summer season, the follow-: ing advantages; 1 1. An unlimited and unfailing supply of pure water, —as pure and as cool as that of the mountain spring. There is here to be found, also, an unfailing breeze; hot it may be at noon, hut inva riably cool, refreshing, and abundant in the morning, afternoon, and during tho whole night. Pure water and pure air are luxuries which are net tv ne found combined in tlio attractions of any other city in the United States to such an extent as in Chicago. 3. In front of the city, extending for miles to the north, east, and south, i» the broad bosom of Late Mich igan. This lake is skirted by drives Sind natural parks, the whole 'pre senting a landscape hardly equalled. In every direction, from the centre of the city, lead smooth avenues and paved streets, connecting on the northern, west ern, and southern boundaries of the city with the broad Boulevards, over which, for miles, the pleasure-seeker may drive, breathing the pure air from lake and prairies. Upon these drives, which are not surpassed in extent nor in character by any in the country, may be visited in succession the twenty or more suburbs of Chicago,—the rural homes of so many thousands of our people. For forty miles along the lake shore the villages extend to the north; for ten or more miles the woods to the south are lined with successive villages; from the western limits roads diverge in every direction to rural homes that are easy of access; in fact, the surroundings Which have grown up within tlio List tea years have more than fulfilled the old plan, which was to make Chicago a “city in a garden.” AVe have the city,—great beyond all expectation,—and the idea of the garden has heco'me even more extensive and literal than that of the city itself. 3. In this “city in a garden ” the visitor ean enjoy all (he advantages of a com mercial metropolis. There is nothing which can be found in the markets of the world which cannot be had in Chicago. Here are to be found importing houses not in the least inferior, in the extent and va riety of their stocks, to any houses on this continent. Here are stores where can be purchased everything that the most va ried tastes can suggest. Visitors to Chi cago are free from those extortions which are inseparable from those special sum mer resorts where the proprietors are compelled, within a few woaks, to plun der their guests of enough to make a lib eral profit for a whole year’s business. Here can be had all the necessaries of life, all the comforts, all the luxuries, all the conveniences of lodging and of travel which are incidental to a metropolis, and which cannot be had in smaller places, nor in those resorts which are only open for a few weeks each sea son. There is no part of the Union where there are such facilities for furnish ing the table as in Chicago* We are in direct communication with all parts of the country. Being in the very centre of the railroad system, all markets are tribu tary to Chicago. The fruits of the tropics are to be had in Chicago in as great abun dance as in New Orleans and Mobile. Mackinac and the whole Northwest sup ply us with those delicate fish that are not to bo found elsewhere. From Chesa peake Bay we receive daily, by express, supplies of green turtle and soft crabs. On the opposite shores of Lake Michigan, as if intended to supply this great metropolis, Nature has provided orchards that have no rivals,'and which furnish ns with every variety of summer and fall fruits in abun dance,and of a quality not surpassed. Illi nois is herself an immense’orchard.Taoduc ing every description of fruit, which,being plucked at night, is delivered in this city in the ear ly morning. Here, too/aro (o be hadbeef andmutton which arc really beef and mutton. The vast plains which extend from the Missis sippi River to the mountains are made tributary to the Chicago market, and in season there is no description of game which is not sent to this point for ortr consumption, or to be sent hence to all the cities and towns of the States lying east and south of Chicago. In Chicago, the summer resident has the whole country at his feet. Fixing lug residence here, he can make short excur sions to a number of places of interest. Leaving Chicago in the afternoon, ho ean Epend a large part of the next day at Niagara Falls. Having exhausted that, he can take a night or day trip on Lake Erie to Detroit or Cleveland, and thence hack in a few hours to Chicago. Leavin'* Chicago in the ovening,he can be at Green Bay in the morning, and by boat visit thence thecopper and iron regions of Lake Superior, stop at Mackinac and catch some tr out, which, if he choose, ho can send down to Chicago to be ready for his breakfast next morning. From here he can take flight to St. Paul, witness the grandeur of the Upper Mississippi, visit the Falls of St. Anthony and of Minno haha, and generally take a view of the rapid and wonderful growth of that re gion. Within a day or a night’s travel of Chicago are hundreds of places of interest i o which the summer resident of Chicago can make short excursions without los ing the comforts of his home here. Every point of interest in Ohio, Indiana, IGchl gan, Illinois, and lowa can be readilj' rii ited from tills city in a few hoars. The fact of the excellence of Chicago as a place of summer residence is proven by the large number of families from Tennessee, Kentucky, Cincinnati, and St. Louis who come here regularly in June and stay till October. Their num ber ;is increasing annually. Beside these, there is a tide of visitors from all parts of the States of New York, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, who come hero and make Chicago their summer. headquarters, while they do up the rest of the Northwest. Another advantage of a residence in Chicago is the cosmopolitan character of the popula tion. In this city there can always be found some person from almost any quarter of the globe, and from any State and part of State in this coun try. Considered in every aspect, there is not to bo found a more desirable place than this city for summer resort; anduext year, when the many new hotels which are going up to take the places of those burned last fall, and the many new ones' made necessary by the vast increase of business and population, are completed, Chicago will become the great central point of summer travel, —as well for those travelling for health as those seeking a pleasant place where all.home comforts may be had free from the intolerable heats, the sultry atmospheres, and the general discomforts and annoyances of the season in all other parts of the country. . THE HEW TOBK CEHISAL AND EEIE. Another, and this time a most formida ble, advance has been made toward that consolidation of the American railway system under the control of a single will, which tends to create in America a mo nopoly of the means of’transporfcation and travel more oppressive than the land mo nopoly in England. For eight years Van derbilt has been steadily plotting to so circumvent the Erie Direction as to bring that railway into consolidation with the Central and under his control. At last, according to a report published in the Kew York Times, he has succeeded, thus completing his control of two of the railway lines running from Now York' to Chicago, and leaving for the Valley of the Mississippi, practically, as competing routes to the Atlantic seaboard, the water route, Vanderbilt’s two routes, the Penn sylvania Eailroad, and the Baltimore & Ohio Eailroad. The English stockholders who have entered into this arrangement have, without doubt, done so because Vanderbilt had it in his power to offer them more advantageous terms than any other purchaser could, or than they could themselves ~ eanr ny running the road independently, stripped, as it is, of all rail road connections west of Dunkirk, except the aimless connection with the Great AYestem at Salamanca. From the time that Vanderbilt obtained control of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern route, of which his son-in-law, Horace P. Clark, has for several years been President, it has been in bis power to divert to the Central nearly the whole business of the Erie’s natural continuation, the Lake Shore. On a conference with the English stockholders, therefore, Vanderbilt held the whole business of the Michigan Southern &. Lake Shore route in his hand, as a bribe, to induce the Erie stockholders to consolidate. This device or flank movement has proved irresistible as a bait to stock holders heretofore, whenever it has been tried. "When Vanderbilt bad once bought the Harlem Eailroad, it was not immedi ately discovered that that petty thorough fare would prove a lever to enable him to control half the railways of the country. But no sooner did he offer to carry the Central Eailroad’s through freight and passengers over the Harlem at rates with wbub tbo Hudson River Railroad could not compete, than the Central was drawn into his net. Turning, then, to the Hud son liiver, two-thirds of whose business he had cut off, and whoso stock he had knocked down to distress ingly low figures, ho held out to the stockholders, as a bait, the restoration of the business he had taken from them, and, by the help of large pur chases of the stock, succeeded in consoli dating the Harlem, the Hudson River, and the Central. The same tactics repeated won for him control of the Michigan Southern & Lake Shore, andthe Union Pacific, of which Horace F. Clark is also President, with a community of Directorship amounting to a powerful influence over the more western roads. Many thousand miles of railway and many millions of capital are thus placed under allegiance to a single set of counsels, and are tending daily more! and more towards subjection to a ■ single will. If this reported consolidation bo true, ibn p-rio,—a railway fairly worth $80,000,- 000, —is now added to this gigantic mo nopoly. Thej same despatch which an nounces the consolidation brings "news that there is to be ja general increase of freights and fares. In spite ‘of the wholesale corruption of the Gould-Fisk rule, its wastefulness, and general condemnation from a moral point of view, it still had one relieving feature. It kept the Erie route open, and in active competition with the other routes. It will be a point in mitigation of the evidence against Judge Barnard, on his pending im peachment trial before the New York Senate, that he championed Gould and Fisk, as he claimed, in the interests of New York City and the West, to prevent a competing railway from being swallowed upbytheVanderbiltmonoply. Certainly, the downfall of GonldandFisk has shown, speedily enough, that the English stock holders were not a force with whom tho integrity of the road against Vanderbilt could be trusted. Tbisj presents one of those cases in which one crime or wrong seems to render an innumerable succession of other wrongs necessary to keep things any where near right. The first wrong con sists in allowing competing railroads to consolidate with each other. That cer tain seeming advantages are gained by such consolidations, railroad-men stand always ready to assert. But in this matter their superior knowledge of the subject is offset by the fact that they are interested witnesses. These consolida tions aggrandize them and their field of operations. By them, Railway Kings are made, and all subordinate officials swear by their chiefs, and take their views from them. There is another side to this quos tion, and that is, the side of law and of public interest. The first railway consolidation at temptcd m this country was between the Hartford fclsev Haven Railway and the Iseu Haven & Now York Railway Tho P, 0 ” 1 ' 1 °f Connecticut promptly de clared it illegal without the consent of CYCI7 single Stockholdei. Afterward an act of the Legislature and t was carried through. In flu consolida tion of our Galena Railway into the Js ortlnvestem, the same ground wa& taken and the consolidators acknowledged force by buying np the shares of object,™ in some cases at five times their value aowhere in the country have tho rail ways dared to bring these consolidations before the Courts on the question whether tho majority of the stockholders and Di rectors have power to consolidate. They have no such power at law, and their exercise of it has been bought through m every case. We take the ground that the interests of the public demand that there should be no consolidation of fflg gHgpACtO TOIBUNBfc SUNDAY, JULY 7, 1872. PAGES, two railways running in the same general direction, without the-express consent of the people of a State, through their Legis lature, or, where the railway runs through sereral States, the consent of the State Legislature of each. The thought that the producing inter ests of the country,—fanners, merchants and manufacturers, —are to he at the mercy of two Eailroad Kings, as they now are at the mercy of Scott and Vanderbilt, is simply preposterous. They can raise or depress the price of grain by several cents a busbel; can compel every little railroad that attempts to ran as a side route or feeder to sell out to them; can cripple the lake commerce by shutting off its natural supply of freight and carrying it themselves, temporarily, at a lower price, but ultimately at a higher; can change the value of real estate, toppling down one town and building up another; can prevent the profitable working of coal and iron mines or oil wells, as they have been doing for five years past in Pennsylvania; can buy up Legislatures and have their Judges appointed in the highest Courts of the land expressly to decide certain cases in their favor ; in short, can debauch the public men, and demoralize the producing interests of the entire country. Shall we have a vast rail way aristocracy founded on fraud 1 The charge of these vast railway interests is too onerous to bo thus borno by a few men. Vanderbilt stands it well, localise he has an iron frame and a marvellous faculty for having his work done by others. Bat about fifteen of our lead ing railway officers are now breaking down under nervous diseases, the result of the excessive excitements and strain of their positions. The three chief officers of the Pennsylvania Central are all thus prostrate. A single railway is as much as any one mind or Board can properly manage. More than this results in waste, swindling, and inefficiency, from which stockholders and the public suffer alike. If the Erie consolidation shall rouse the people to a proper sense of the disastrous tendencies of these railway consolidations, it may have been worth what it will cost them. The time seems to ns to be soon coming when the alternative will be forced upon tbecountry.eitherto break upall con solidations and compel each Board of Di rectors to run their own road alone, treat ingall other roads alike, or to provide some other system of railroad management. Wien Aehley was appointed Governor of Mortana, the President told he had ap pointed a knave, and soon thefaot was paintallv nemoosirated. His removal became a necessity, ana the fellow now makes war on Grant.— Albany Evening Journal. “ ■VSTwii Tom Murphy was appointed Collector of tho Port of Now York, tho President was told ho had appointed a knave, and soon the fact was painfully demonstrated. The President accepted gifts from him, and long refused to re move Idm, and the fellow now makes war on Greeley. The difference between Ashley and Murphy was, that Ashley made no money, and had. nothing to di vide, and was dismissed; while Murphy did make money, and understood Addi tion, Division, and Silence, and was re tained, and, by special proclamation of the President, was declared to bo a mag nificent office-holder, —one who knew his obligations to bis superiors. Onr English exchanges contain fall reports of the contested election in Qalwoy, and of Chief Justice Keogh's marvellous tirade. Captain Nolan was the Church candidate. His backers stood by him nobly. One priest, speaking of the supporters of the other can didate, Trench, said: 11 A corse upon the slaves who sell their faith and country.” Another said: “Every Catholic is a recreant and a renegade who would support Captain Trench.” Still others are credited with de claring: “The landlords should be hung up by the heels, not by the head, if they oven ask their tenants 7 votes.” “If the agents of Trench cotoa among you, imnt them from you like devils.” “ I brand yon as traitors for ten generations if yon do anything for Tjench. 77 These incendiary declarations were made, many of them, from the pulpit. The people were eager to obey their spiritual advisers. A Roman Catholic supporter of Trench testified; “ I was started like a hare, and got, with the peril of my life, through the streets of Tuam.” Naturally, Judge Keogh was enraged. His decision shows it through every line of his attempts at satire, its anecdotes, its grammatical disquisitions its personal sketches, its labored historical notes,its bitter invectives. He calls the'priests a “rabble rout.” He remarks on the “ in finitely-oppresaive clapper of the tongue 77 of one of them. He styles another ‘'eplen dide tncndaz .” He ridicules their pretensions to learning. He berates them in every pos sible way. Such a judicial opinion could only be given by an Irishman, and only by an Irishman m Galway. It is unique. The Judge has found it necessary to leave Ire land, and will, it is said, secure an appoint mont m England. Tho strike of the London house-builders has gained fresh interest by the formal re fusal of the men to submit their claims to arbitration. They demand a working day of nine hours, a pay of ninepence per hour, and a revision of the code of rules under which they now labor. At a mass meeting, a sepa rate vote was taken on submitting each one of these three to a Board of Arbitration, chosen by men and masters alike. Very properly, the first claim was declared beyond the scope of arbitration. It is a question of convenience, which each man must settle for himself. Very improperly, the other two met the same fate. Both of them are per fectly fit subjects of arbitration. The data of each can be given, and just inferences drawn therefrom. Bntthemen say: “We won’t argue the right or wrong of the matter. We are bound to carry all these demands, if we are strong enough. If not, we will yield. But, at least, we will try the issue of com parative strength." They are still trying if Meanwhile, the best season of the yearislost, vast sums of money are used in unproductive consumption, and co-operation, panacea for workingmen’s wrongs, seems to be unthought of. There ia a railroad in process of constrao tion between San Franoieoo and Portland, Oregon. The Central Pacific Company is building it to the State line. From that point to Portland the work is controlled by Ben Holliday, the Overland Express manager, now autocrat of Oregon. Holliday has grown rich by Incky investments and very enormous Congressional grants of valuable land in aid of his numerous railway schemes. He has, however, paid Grant for these grants. Jnet before the late election he im~ ported nearly 2,000 laborers, previously em ployed by the Central Pacific Company. These, after a fewdays' toil on his road, were marched np to the polls m droves and made to vote the Grant ticket. In Multnomah County, the names on the poll-tax list were one thousand leas than the number of votes cast. The same thing, on a smaller scale, is said to be true of every other county. The question is now: Will Holliday get any more Government land for his services in corrupt ing politics! Holliday's claims have to be passed on by the Attorney General, and the Attorney General resides in Oregon, and was home at the time of the election. Soon after the Crimean war, a Russian land-owner. Sahouroff, was entrusted with a sum of money for distribution among the impoverished peasants. Money and man disappeared together. The police soon found the latter, however, and suit was en tered against him. For fourteen years it has been a bone of contention. No decision has ever been reached. Lately, a new jury was empanelled, and Sabouroil cited to appear for his final trial. In open Court, w*en called upon for his defence, he plead that not he, but “ those around him,” had stolen He trust fund. He said: “I appeal t0 y “ nr , n s r °y, gentlemen of the j ury. I beg you to tatemto consideration that I have satton - r tW y6arannder a 8 .°n ■ I have been three years in ~- deev , en tears under the sutveil- BPoIiC6 - 1 have all I pos sessed, lam reduced to indigence, I am old, in bad health, mid have not leng to live. Have pity on me.” The. pathetic appeal won the day. The jurv, after a very short consultation, acquitted him. Judge John H. MoCaan died yesterday in New Tort,jit is said from nervous prostra tion, the result of his mortification at being removed from his Judgeship by the Senate 1 on thegronud of corruption and malfeasance in office. The offence itself is eo common of late that it seems marvellous that its punish ment should excite each intense suffering. Bumstead, of Jersey City, now serving out his term in the Penitentiary for the same offence, is greatly bro ken down physically, though hut a few days of his punishment have elapsed. Judge McConn was of Irish parentage, and had pushed his way upward, during the earlier years of his practice at the bar, with energy and thrift. He was of a strongly nervous and excitable temperament, impul sive, and “sharp," or over-reaching, but not, probably, at heart more corrupt than nine tenthsof thepolitioiansof all our large cities. Were corruption oftener punished, men like McCunn would he turned into lives of honor and purity. He was dismissed by General McClellan from the army for drunken and disorderly conduct; hut in this, as in his removal from the Judgeship, he was the oue unlucky scapegoat held up as an examole where there were too many other offenders equally deserving punishment. Many good qualities and worthy ambitions are crushed even when Judge MoCnnn is brought to punishment. Colonel Forney writes from Louisiana What Impreesßsmemoßt, among other things in this novel region, are the kindly relation* be tween whites and blacks I have not heard a sylla bi* rf eecesMonlsm All the people are glad to»ee Northern men; all are anxious for Immigration and tapital. and really they present tempting indnetrpents. 1 If tht editor of the Philadelphia Frtsi is not more careful ho will he read out of the party, and Sorbid to engage in the holy task of suppressing an unnatural rebellion. It is the cne of the party of proscription to rep resent the entire white population of the South as engaged m whipping and murder ing helpless negroes, and raving over the “ sacred right of secession,” The few meek Northerners who have kindly contented to rnn the State Governments, by the aid of Grant anil of stealing railway bonds, have been preserved to a grateful country, if we may judge by the Grant press, only by benefi cent terrors of Kn-Klux laws. Colonel Forney is speaking the truth. He is, there fore, very indiscreet. Dr. O. Milton Best lobbied a claim through Congress for damages by the destruction of property during the war. The President vetoed it. Best then wrote to Grant, saying chat he was poor, and asking for a $4,000 office, which he would give up. if required, at the end of a year. Gerfield and Wilson indorsed the request. The President wrote t&the Pohtmaster General, saying that, if there was no good reason for the retention of Mr. Pickett, Postmaster at Paducah, Ky., he would like to have Best appointed in his atead. The luckless Fiokett had made no speeches in glorification of his chief; he had sent him no little tokens of his affection; be had no relationship whatever with the Dent family. There was evidently no good reason for bis retention. The Civil Service Reform rules andPickettwere “ suspended'' at one and the same time, and Best got the coveted place. The wife of a musician at Huddersfield, England, was sick unto death. Her husband was of a penurious turn of mind. Conse quently, when she asked for a physician, he cheerily remarked that she was going to die at any rate, and he might as well save the expense. To soothe her last moments, he had recourse to his flute, with which he played the “ Dead March in Saul.” Unfor tunately for him, the strains proved to be chose “ that might create a soul under the ribs of death.” The insulted woman rallied and got well, despite lack of care and food. Then she entered a complaint against her music-loving and wife-hating lord, which resulted in his sentence to an eighteen months' imprisonment. l« “Deist” a Champion of the Ram sellar ?—A Disclaimer* To the Editor of The Cblcaflo Tribune: Sir:— Did I not know from experience the pconliar effect of the word “ Deist ” nnon the mental equilibrium of eome Christiana, i should bo compelled to believe that your correspondent "Inis, 1 ’ whose letter yon .this morning publish, had an imperfect under standing of the English language; bnt, knowing this peculiarity, I naturally con clude that he, having read my rebnke of Mr. Kittredge, came to the signature (“Deist” wmch had very much the same effect upon him that the sight of water does upon a case of hydrophobia. Thus I only wonder that he stopped as short as he did; that he did not impute to me all the moral sins in the catalogue. ~1, would, however, inform “Inis” that Deist,' so far from being a champion of themmseUers, believes the new Temperance law of Illinois to be not only wise, bnc just; and tnat he would gladly give it any and all support within his power. In regard to Mr. Kittredge’s efforts to aid the Persians, I am ha any to learn from “ Inis” that they have heen so successful; butyet, from the language he was reported to have used, X think the majority of pooole would have credited him with as little in terest m a starving people as I did. how, by way of an antidote to the pecu liar malady which I have above referred to. I would like to inform “Inis” that, although berated, misrepresented, and abused by a majority of Christians, Deists are not at swords’-pornt with everything Christian; that they are far from being champions of rblevea, gamblers, and whiskey-rings: and that, although they dare to think for them selves,—dare to reject a religion espoused by ‘he majority of their fellow-countrymen.— there are a great many people—and not a few Christiana—to whom snch imputations of almost all that is evil appear supremely ridiculous. “Deist” Chicago, July 6. Afl Itenui , The pictures and nick-nacks sold in Lon don belonging to the Prince Napoleon broil ght $70,000. —Mary Stevenson Gasset, of Philadelphia, has & picture in the Academia of Parma wbion creates a grand furore, and the critics wish her to make Parma her home, and date her works from that city. —M. Bartholdi, a French sculptor from Al* sace, who has distinguished himself for his patriotism as well as an artist, has offered to cut in the solid rook of the chateau at Bel fort a gigantic figure of a lion, in commem oration and in honor ©f the glorious defence of Belfort in the late war. 7-Ic is stated that the fine pictures by Ma clisp in the gallery of the British Houses of Parliament-" Thft Death of .-Nelson” and The Meeting of Wellington and Blncher at Waterloo ” are fast dew ying, —A. T. Stewart is said to possess the finest private art gallery in America, Alvin Adams, of Bueton, has the beat; and most expensive one in New England, which is opened cheerfully to strangers. —A French line art journal states that the f™* 11 replicate of the grand picture of the Hemicyle ” made by the artist Delaroohe. tor the nee of the engraver, has been sold to an American amateur for $25,000. , 7"-i- fae ■ Lieutenant has sent to the Ex mbition in Dublin the historical collection ?clu and silver plate in his possession. Tvhich was presented by Queen Anne to the Duke of Marlborough. Among the most conspicuous objects is a cistern, or wiue- Snnn’ of lar Ro P ro P or tiong, and -weighing -,000 ounces. This and other examples of goldsmith’s work of the 16th and 17th oen tnries, are of great interest. _ “Troyon. the great French landscape painter, Ifft to his mother on his death a The lady has now set tled the snm of 13 000 francs in the establish ment of a prize. to be allotted at intervals, in favor of such artist inhurable ctrcum btances aa may have distinguished himself m that line of art wherein her son attained so high a reputation. —The ‘‘Ariifits; Association for Mutual bnpport and Aid, of Dneseldorf, proposes to institute a lottery next year in aid of their eoeiety. The prizes will consist of pictures contributed by nearly all of the artists of Dupseidorf other cities aud towns of Germany. The Prince Leopold of Hohenzol lem is President of the Committee. —At a recent sale of pictures in Amsterdam enormous prices were realized. Twenty-five pictures belonging to the collection of the late Baron Roell sold for £19,441. “A Wood ca-r^e,V ky Hobbema, brought £4125; Children Under an Archway,” by Needier, £1.354; ‘Landscape,” by Rnysdael, £3 275; Marine View,” by Van de Veldo the voung cr. £5,712; “Interior of a Church,” by E. De Witt,£-405; and “A Group of Pigs,” by Paul Potter, £705. —Richard Westmaoott, E. A., the oele brated English sculptor, whose death was recently announced, was 73 years old, and was elected an Associate of the Royal Acad- ■ emy in 1838 and an Academician in 1819. Among his most important sculptured works are the statues M David,” “ Prayer,” “ Resig nation,” “ Angel Watching,” and recurabout figure of “Dr. Hawley, Archbishop of Can terbnry.” Mr Weatmacott retired from the active duties of his profession several years ago, but since that time has been prominent i before the public as a lecturer ou sculpture and by his writings on art. His principal book is “The Handbook of Ancient and Modem Sculpture,” published, m 1801. REkiGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. Prograninie of Scrneei la *h® Chnrche* To-day—Episcopal and B«nu Cask* •lie Caleadar far the Weea—A Tarleif of faieroilNK BeliglaM Tfewi' and Gtuip. IPISCOPAL. The Rev. John Wilkinson officiates thia morning and af'ernooa at the Church of the Holy CommnnioD. —The Rev. Archor Brooks will hold ser vices this morning in Sr. James Chapel* cor ner of Cass and Huron street b. —The Rev. H. C. Kinney will conduct ser vices this morning at the Chnrchof the Atonement. There will be no evening ser vice. —The Rev. Mr. Coleman officiates this morning and evening at Trinity Church. —The R**v. Dr. Locke will officiate this morning and evening at Grace Church. —Rev. H. N. Powers will officiate in St. John's Chnrch, Ashland avenue, south of Madison street, at 10 12 a. m. ana 7 3-4 p. m. PRESBYTERIAN. The Rev. S. T. MoCline, ol Girard City, Kansas, preaches this morning in the Reformed Chnrch. —The Rev. J. B. McClure will preach this morning in the Jefferson Park Chnrch. —The Rev. Mr. Ely will preach this morn ing. and the Rev. Ur. Mitchell this evening, at Grace Church. Chicago avenue. —The RbV. J. H. Walker will preach this morning and evening at the Reunion Chnrch, on Mitchell street. —The Rev. W. King, of Buxton Mission, preaches this morning in the First Scotch Church. _ ~ —The Rev. H. L, Oulick preaches this morning and evening at the American Re form Chnrch. —Rev.C.L.Thompson will breach in Thirty first Street Church, morning and evening. Mr. Thompson will be installedpastor of this chnrch next Wednesday evening, at 8 o'clock. Rev. A. E. Kittredge will pleach the ser mon. BAPTIST. The Rev. Dr. Brown, of London, author of Pulpit Encyclopedia, will preach, morn ing and evening, at the FreeßaplistChuroh, on Jackson street. —The Rev. Jesse B. Thomas will preach this morning and evening at the Michigan Avenue Church. —The Rev. R. Turnball, D. D., formerly ol Hartford. Ct., preaches this morning and evening, at the Uuiveroicy Place Churofi. —Theßev. W. W. Evens will preach, thia morning and evening, at toe First Church. UNITARIAN. The Rev. C. A. Staples preaches thia morn ing in the Monroe Street Chnrch. Ho even ing service. —The Rev. Laird Collier will preach this morning at the Chnrch of the Messiah, on “Liberty of Opinion and Conscience in Work." No evening service. —The Rev. D. Furness, of Philadelphia, prebches this afternoon for the Rev. Robert Cpllyer, in the Chapel of the Now England Chtuch. UNIVERSAL! BT, There will be no services to-day at the Chnrch of the Redeemer, on account of the absence of th*- pastor. —The Rev. W.M, Ryder, D. D., will preach this morning to St. Paul’s congregation, iu the Synagogue, corner of Peck court and Wabash avenue. In the evening he will preach in Murray Chapel, on Indiana ave nue. CONGREGATIONAL. The Rev. Professor Joseph Haven, D. D., preaches this morning and evening at the Union Park Chnrch. —The Rev. E. H. Smith preaches this morning and evening at the New England Church. —The Rev. W. C. Blackburn preaches this morning at the Lincoln Park Church. NEW JERUSALEM. Religious services are held every Sunday morning at the Temple, comer of South Park avenue and Thirty-third street. —There will be services at half-past 3 o’clock in the afternoon, at the Union Park Chnrch. METHODIST. The Rev. S. McChesnev will preach this morning and evening at Trinity Chnrch. —The Rev. Dr. Fowler will preach this morning and evening at the Centenarv Church. MISCELLANEOUS. The Children's Progressive Lyceum meets at No. VO West Randolph street this morn mg. —The Rev. A. X. Shoemaker will preach twice at the Church of God. The subject is “ Church of God.” —Frank Barr will preach, this morning and evening, at Advent Christian Chapel. —lhe Rev. O. A. Burgess, preaches this morning and evening, at the Indiana Avenue Christum Church. —The Christadelphians meet this morn ing at 59 West Randolph street, and invite all who want to return to Apostolic simplici ty of faith. —T. S. A. Pope will apeak on “ Spiritualism and Itc Koligion,” in tbo West Side Opera Itouse.tluijevening, at a (inarler before 8 o'clock. • CALENDAR FOR THE WEEK. , , EPISCOPAL. July 7—Sixth Sunday after Trinity. ROHAN CATHOLIC Jn/.vT-Sevcnth Sunday after Pentecost: The iloft Preoioaß Blood. July 8 -St. Elizabeth W, July 10— Seven Brothers. MM. July n-Bt. Pine, P. M.; 83. Nartor and Felix, Al M July 13-Bt, John Gnalbert. Abb. Jwq/13-81. Avocletua, p M. ELSEWHERE. The entire nnmber of Jesuits is given as OICOO ; and of these 78S are reported to be in Prussia. —lt is proposed by the admirers of the 1 <>pe to present him with a testimonial of their affection in the shape of a crown of thorns, the thorns to be made of gold. . —Bishop Smith, of Kentucky, baa indefi nite leave of absence, and will remove from Frankfort to Philadelphia. H« is the oldest livirg Episcopal Bishop in the United Slates. —Bishop Uppold, Episcopal, of Indiana, is *o f*eble as to be incapable of dictating a ; leu er or me sea ge. —The Eoy. £ H. Chapin, the distinguished Universalist minister of New York, so af lected with acute gout in his lower limbs as to need the aid of crutches in walking. —JatherHyacinthr, the leader oftheOld Catholic movement, inis concluded to return lhn m Ai *V?4 to co-operate with ♦ Michauld. It is the design to ex tend the movement to this country, V r-Ur. Prime, one of tne editors of the New r erk Observer, predicts that within the life ofsome one now living there will be annum v 2“ mt e Evangelical Churches in New icrk. Ihe Protestant Churchman re-echoes wirmlythe belief, -The Eev. Mr. Besson. of North Chelsea, seed his congregation for preaching twelve eeimons, laying his claim at $l5O, and recov end it. father and mother of Eev. J. T. Pe<k, D. D., now one of the Methodist Bish op*, were the parents of five and the grand parents of nine Methodist and one Baptist minister, all of whom are alive and general ly in the active work. —The clerical press of Eome expresses its honor at the "act of apostacy” committed by Prince Hnmbert in officiating as god-fath er to a ‘‘Protestant baby,” r*There are forty-four Baptist congrega tion a in England sustained by lay agency alone. k r Seventy-four Presbyterian ministers i died during the last year, according to the > reptrt of tne General Assembly; the aver age age of sixty-three of them was nearly sixty five years, i —The Rev. Henry W. Booth, of Engle ' New Jersey, who has been serving a congregation for five years at a salary of $3.- 500, declines a call to the Reformed Church on Brooklyn Heights, formerly under the charge of Dr. Bethune, where the salary of fered is $7,000. —At a late communion in the American Union Church, in the city of Rome, no less than seventeen American clergymen were present. —The Church Reform Association of Eng land, of which Lord Shaftesbury is the lead ing spirit, has adopted a declaration, of winch the following is a summary; They accept the Bible as a sole rale of faith ; bat regard the articles and formularies of the English Church as substantially accordant with the Bible, and, therefore, discourage any changes calculated to affect the dogmat ic teaching of the Church. —There is still another project of Church union. Between the Presbyterian Church South and the Reformed (Dutch) Church some kindly words have been exchanged, and the Reformed Synod, at its late meeting in Brooklyn, appointed a Committee to con sider the advisability and feasibility of a union of these two bodies. —The Methodist Episcopal Church has es tablished since the war ten conferences in the Southern States, with a membership of 102,000 persons, 767 preachers, and some 1,600 local preachers. There have been expended about $1,200,000 in behalf of and by those organizations, the value of whose school and church property amounts to ahont $1,300,000. Tbeee ten conferences have also raised some $7,000, which has been paid into the general Freedmen’s Aid fund. —The Synod of the Greoo-Rnsaian Church recently authorized the publication and sale of Bibles. The present Russian Em peror favors the movement. Christians of all denominations in Worthington, Minn., have formed an organ ization under the name of the Colony Church Union, to continue as an experiment for one year. They have adopted the Apos tle’s Creed, and selected a pastor from the Methodist Church. —The Episcopal Bishop of Texas, in visit ing the parishes last year, travelled 1.550 miles by railroad,. COO by stage-coach, 035 by hired or private conveyance, and 275 by sail boat ; 271 were added to the Church by Con firmation, and the ministry had increased 25 per cent in numbers. —The Missouri Synod of the Lutheran Church, at the late session, resolved to dis continue fire insurances on their church property. They thought the glory of God re quired this discontinuance, although no in terference is intended with privare members m taking, out policies on their own personal property. —During the past year, forty-three new Baptist Churches were reported to the British Baptist Union; sixtynew chapels were built, forty-seven chapels were enlarged, and $650,- 000 expended in ohnroh buildings. Eighty two new ministers were introduced to the pastoral office. The ohnroh membership is now 234,395. —The recent Primitive Methodist C onfer- ence of Canada established*the salaries of married preachers as follows-: Beside house part fore it are. and children's allow* ance, in cities, $650; in towns. $550. and m count*? stations.*s4so and their fuel. —The London Religions Tract Society, the parent of modem beneTolent publication societies, published during lait year 830 new ■work*, and printed the enormous number of or 579 303.270 .pages. The receipts tor the year w ere nearlt $610,000. The money grants « ere about. SIOB 000, —The Bey. Mr. A., a Methodist minister lu a vv e&ttrn village. observed, one hot Sunday, that his congregation, with few-exceptions, w*re wrapped in placid slnmber. Suddenly panting in hi» t**-riuon, he requested Deacon B. to pass around the The Deacon. i bun hcrosted, rose to his feet, and with a very jed fact. t&Id: ** The collection has al ready be* ii taken up.” “ Never mind, Broth* *r B.”icplied the minister, “take up another, for I intend to make the congregation pay :or lodgings, as well as for spiritual fobd.” When the second collection had been taken up, the congregation was very wide awake, indeed. —A correspondent of the MeihodM Protest ant writes in the following flippant manner about the lingual peculiarities he had no* ticedata camp*meetiug: “I tako my pen in hand to write yon a few lines, er, about a very unpleasant habit, er. which some of onr good Methodist brethren have, er, when they pray in public, er. It is adding a sylla* ble to the last word in every sentence, er, which sounds very much likeer. Sometimes it is ah orngh. and I haveh.eard.it sound like nnpb-hn. It is so strange they do nor. know it, er ” The correspondent of the Methodist Proitbtant should remember in Christian charity; “Tocrria human; to forgive,di vine.” —The General Eldership of the “ Church of God” recently held its triennial meeting at Mount Carroll. 111. This denomination is a branch of the Baptist family, organized in 1830 by John "Wmebrenner, formerly a min* ister of the German Reformed Charoh. The people are sometimes called, from the name of their founder, Winebrennarians. They believe in thrte positive ordinances of per petual standing in theChnroh, viz.; bap risnr.feet-wasbing. and the Lord's Sapper. Baptism is by immersion, the Lord's Sapper is always administered in the evening, and the communicants maintain a sitting pos ture. Tbeir Church Government is a mix ture of Presbyterianism and Congregation alism. —A Homan. Catholic Professor of the Uni versity of Prague has written a book giving some interesting statistics about the member ship of nligiouß orders in Germany, In Piussia, the Professor’s figures show that th*-re is onepriest or member of a religious fraternity for every 554 Catholics of all ages; in Bavaria, *.be proportion is one for every 800, and for ah Germany, one for every 4SI. Coming down to particular towns, the rela tive numbers »f Catholic ecclesiastics and laymen, are still more surprising. Taking the adult Catho'io population of Cologne, it seems that out of every 105, there is one clergyman. In Aix-la-Cbapelle there is one ecclesiastic to evtry thirty-eight adult Cath olics ; in Mnnatei one to twenty, and in Treves one to every ten! OLIVER GOLDSMITH. Of all the tales of straggling and neg lected genius that lave come to ns, there seems to me none more pathetic than that of the gifted, and genial, and kindly, and abased poet whose name has suggested this sketch. Everybody who has laughed and wept over the simple fortunes of the Vicar of Wakefield, or lingered ever the tender pictures and sweet sentiment of the De serted Village, must have dropped a tear of sympathy over the wandering and troubled life of tbe author, who could write so charmingly of a home he never had—of pleasures he was never to know; bat his story never grows old. The quaint figure always stands out among the poets and wits of that day with an odd air of incongruity; and, as we look at tbe sad record of splendid possibilities and petty failures, of weakness and folly, and misfortune, we cannot help wondering that Nature should have show ered so many gifts upon one man. and left ont the single talent that would have ren dered them available for personal comfort and worldly success; for we can hardly count as worldly success that fame which comes when the toilworn life is over, and the heart that might have been gladdened by it Is cold. The year in which Oliver Goldsmith was born was the centre of a brilliant era. S wif t bad just published Gulliver's Travels, in 1728, and was writing pleasant things of poor Stella, whose .heart he had at last finished breaking; Steele had stopped laughing, and sinning, and getting into jail, and repenti»g, and promising, and writing love-letters to the wife who had so so much to forgive, and was dying at a little estate in Wales, heart-weary, and already forgotten by thou*. wto Lad laueLod ami sinned with him; Addison had died at I Holland Honse ten years before, and left a polished and shining memory; Pope h«d outlived his passion for the brilliant Lady Mary Wardley Mon tague, and was writing the first books of the Dunciad, or talking philosophy with B'-liugbroke in the famous grotto at Iwickenham; Hogarth waaon the eve of a stolen marriage and fains; Smollett was a live-year old urchin, gettinghisiiretglimpses of life among the Scottish hills; Fielding was a gay young man of twenty-one. just beginning to bo counted for his wit, to run in debt, and borrow money, and find the world much more rose-colored than ho did a few jeara later; Richardson was nearly forty, with his entire literary career yet before him; Sterne was learning Latin and cultivating bin sensibilities at Halifax; Johnson and Garrick were indulging in boy ish dreams of the great world which they enteied together ten years later; Gray was pursuing his lonely meditations apart, or playing with Horace Walpole at Eton; and Unrke bad not yet enterednpon this mortal scene, when bia future companion and g’jend first saw the light in the village of Pallas. Ireland, from which his father, the good clergyman who has come down to us in the guise of the well-known Dr. Primrose, removed, two years afterwards, to Lissoy, with his eight children, his scanty means, and his kind heart. The world did not take generously to tbe gifted child; indeed, it does not seem to have considered him gifted at all. He was pronounced a dunce by the old woman who taught mm his letters, mercilessly whipped by his master, and was clearly much more fond of gettmg rid of nis pocket-money, aud rnnning into mischief, than of getting his ™all-i,px left its nnkind marks upon his plain face, and gave his !¥.’hiLTif.™. ty somethin* to monrnover alibis life. As he grew older, he was wild, lawless, and good-natnred, with a remark able taste for idleness and fine colors * * At seventeen, he entered Trinity College. JJnblm, as a aiaar, or poor scholar. Perhans his position weighed npon him, and he plunged into excesses to drown thought. At all events, he gave no evidence of talent and was continually in trouble. He pawned his books, wrote ballads for street-singers, sought convivial society, and was always penniless, reckless, and improvident. Final ly, he gave a dance in his rooms, which was bronght to an untimely close by his tutor, who conscientiously boxed his ears. This was rather too much for even Goldsmith's good nature, and in a moment of insulted dignity,.he pawned pretty much all he had [eft, and ran away. It seems to have been his intention to come to America; but he spent all of his money, as usual, before he was fair ly started, and, upon reflection, concluded that it was best to g■» back. In 1719. he took the degree of Bachelor of Arts aud left the University, | After a few months of indolence, he deoid- I ed to go into the Church, as it required less exertion than any other calling, besides be uig less expensive. Bat, unluckily he pre sented himself for admission in a fashiona ble dress of scarlet. The good Bishop,’ some what startled by this exhibition of clerical brilliancy, declined to ordain him; and Goldsmith honestly confessed that he “did not like to go into the Church, because he was fond of colored clothes." He next obtained a position as tutor, bat .quarrelled with his patron in a few months, bought a horse, and started out into the world for himself. Ho seems to have been hannted still with dreamt* of America, and, finding a ship about to sail, he paid his pas sage, and sent his luggage onboard. Bent, however, on making the most of his time, he joined some convivial friends, and. while he was celebrating his departure, the ship sailed with his effects, and the prodigal aoa j l lg r P home agam. He next started to London to study law, but gam blen away his outfit before reaching there. At 0 to Edinburgh to try medi cine. Ibis time he was a little more success ful, and staid nearly two veara, until he was driven by debts and bailiffs to the Continent, After lingering awhile at Leyden and Paris, attending hectares a little, and gambling a good deal, he made a tour of Europe on foot, supporting himself sometimesas a wandering minstrel, with his Ante for a sole compan ion; sometimes by discussing philosophical questions in the convents, which procured him usually a night’s lodging, and added to that experience of the world which served him so well in after years. But his fortunes evidently did not improve much, and he landed at Dover in 1750, without money or friends, and made his way to London, where neither his flute nor his philosophy could procure him bread. He found himself, at twenty-eight, alone in a strange city, with a great deal of desul tory knowledge, kind heart, and very little else. He tried to be a physician, and failed. He sought an appointment, and was rejfcted. He borrowed clothes to appear in, and was obliged to pawn them; indeed, he seems to have been reduced to the lowest ex tremity of misery and want. At last, how ever, after thirty years of uncertain drift ing. be discovered that he had a talent. While in the irksome position of usher in a small school, he tried to eke out his scanty salary by his pen. From that time to the end_ of his life, his prolific brain threw off with rapidity the varied and numerous works which have given him so high a rank among English poets, moralists, and essayists. He had no home, no wife, no children, no domestic ties: but he went away to his bare and dea olateroom andwrote the mom tonohinK do mestio idyl that was ever penned Severe as hia sufferings must hare been, tbi» i A « £ no morbid traces. The Yioar of V a t e fl a irf might hays been wrirten by the hapu ert Q f firesides. bo sunny and ; truthful av* hoopebold pictures,—so simple and true h its healthful feeling. There is always a ardia shining through his tears; and yet, bthiui the quaint oddities and innocent vauitit* 0 t these gentie-hesrted people, a tear is always lurking. He makes yon laugh while he makes you weep, so closely does he hlend the joys and sorrows, the com edy and tragedy, of life. Charmed by hia simplicity, his tenderness, his kindly humor, bin sweet sympathy, and his fascinating grace of style, y on forget to criticise, aud are content to Jose yourself in the varied, pa thetic, ard oftentimes amusing fortunes of the simpb-hearted family. One cannot help thinking how happy Goldsmith would have been, could he have foreseen that his un pretending tale would make the tour of the world, and find aplace in the universal heart a centnrv after he was gone to rest. One cannot help wishing that he could have read the loving eulogies of Scott, and Irving, and Thackeray,—the glowing tribute of Herder, and the due, dis criminating praisaof Goethe, who, near the dote of his longlife, spoke of “that lofty and benevolent irony, —that fair and indulgent view of all oversights,—that meekness un der all calamities, —that equanimity under a!) changes and chances, —and all that train of kindred virtues, whatever names they ; bear/ 7 as having formed his best education. It was linked, too, with a sad little episode of hie own,—for, in his youthful days, he had found a second Primrose family, with its virtues, and oddities, and misfortunes, in the old-fashioned household of the artless but unfortunate Frederika. Goldsmith wrote the “ Vicar of Wakefield ” at S3, bat it was not published until three years later, when the “Traveller” had al ready given him some reputation. There is a trace in this poem of his own wandering nature,—of the restlessness that drove him to all dimes in searoh of something he never found. His heart “dr»ga, at each remove, a lengthening chain;” hat the vague longing for change spars him on. There is an irre sistible pathos in his own words: Bat me, nor destined such delights to share. My prime of life in wandering rpent, and care; ItupelTd, with steps unceadng. to pursue Some fleetirg good that mucks me with the view! Thar, like the circle bounding earth and skies. Allure* Jrom far, yet, as I follow, flies: My fortnna learia to travarM realm, alnna. And find no spot, of all the world, my own. What a tragedy lies beneath it all! What a heavy heart was beating in the bosom of the tired minstrel, as he played hU merry airs at tht doors of the simple peasants who gave him his frugal supper and humble lodg ing, and sent him on his way, never dream ing of the wealth of thought and fancy that lay hidden behind that plain face and shab by garb! What a tender vein of humanity too, runs through it all! Yet oft a sigh prevails, and sorrows fall. To seethe board of human olisaso small; And oft I wish, amidst the scene. So find Borne spot to real happiness consigned, Where my worn soul, each wandering hope at r*st. May gather blits to see my fellow blest. The “Deserted Village” did not appear un til 1770. Ir is touched with the same nameless charm which has so endeared the other prominent works of Goldsmith to the pop* nlar heart. Thepictnreof “ Sweet Auburn,” with its soft coloring, and delicate, dreamy sadness, is always fresh. It lingers in the memory like some old melody of which we never tire. How tenderly the simple heart ed pcet dwells upon the scenes of his child hood, kissing each fond detail with an ar tist’s skill and a lover’s heart! It is sad to desolation, and asjtrne and faithful as it is sad. Many a boyish dream, no doubt, lies dead in that peaceful vale, and years of wan dering have given it a hallowed and poatio grace in his eye e. After his iirst literary success. Goldsmith emerged fiom bis garret, took rooms in Fleet street, and formed that friendship with Bnrke, Johnson, Hogarth, and Sir Joshua Reynolds, which ended only with bis life. Bat his ideas of living expanded faster than his purse, and the honors that began to come were more expensive than lucrative, The man who spent his last penny to tre at the hoys with sweetmeats; who gave his coat to a poor neighbor, and his blankets to a destitute widow, and went shivering without, himself; who pawned his coat to get his landlord ontof jail, and was always ready to divide his last crumb,— was never likely to lack pensioners on his county; and perhaps the sincerest tears that were shed at his death were those of the poor women who sat on the stairs weeping for their benefactor, while John son, and Bnrke. and Reynolds passed in. But the great world of his own time did not appreciate him. Steroe, with his charm log sermons and sentimental letters, was M e fashion. Society conrted him, and in floence secured him a liviusr. Bat society was not kind to Goldsmith. Probably he did rot deal nmch in current social coin. His manner was clumsy and undignified,—his peison plain and insignificant. He was vain, irutable, and abstracted, —with a peculiar talent for neverdolug rhe right thing in the right place. Though desirous of shining, he did not thik well, which led to Garrick’s celebrated epitaph: Here lbs Poet Goldsmith, for shortness called ttiiv «I' ultimo aa angel, but talked like poop Poll. * He Tvosfond, too, of decking himself in fine clothes, and, on the whole, showed a wonder* ini lack of harmony between hia outer and inner life. He was no courtier, and had served spoor apprenticeship to the arts of flattery and diplomacy. He was wholly a child of Nature, and knew no other way than to act npon his own nnstndied im pulses. Hence, very naturally, society did not take to him. He was ridiculed and langhtd at, until no wonder he longed for “ Sweet Auburn,” and the simple habits and simple tastes to which he was more akin. He bad no influence to secure him valuable appointments. Perhaps his disposition was too mild and erratic to retain them, if he bad. Bat it was a hard straggle, and he had very little money, and what he did get be usually spent beforehand, and then, very lifeely, gave it away before the debt was paid. It must be admitted that, as a man, ho had grave deficiencies. He had neither thrift, nor forethought, nor prudence. It is true, be bad a kind heart; but kind hearts do not always pay debts, nor make uaef nl members of society in a practical sense. Then he had a singular lack of moral responsibility. His easy temper led him into a thousand errors, which he had not the stamina to resist. Bat even his errors brought their compensations, and it is difficult to judge him by a severe standard. He was always generous, if he was not always just. His pen was always on the side of virtue andmorality, and his pages show no traces of the coarse wit of the age. His humor is refined, and without a tinge of bitterness or satire. He seems to have been blessed, too, with a ohangef nl temper ament. He looked npon the world with the eye of a philosopher, who oonid see the Indicrons side of even hia own sorrows, and bad the fortunate faculty of find ing all the happiness there was to be had, in whatever position he was placed. Towards the close of his life, hia prospects began to look brighter. His second comedy. “She Stoops to Conquer,” was brought out aboutayear before his death. It was warmly received, and greatly improved his finances. Bat he was worn out and near the end. His good fortune came too late to lighten his burdens or his heart. He was forty*six when he died, in 1774, with s debt of two thousand pounds haogingover him, followed to the last by bailiffs, and creditors, and beg gars, and dependents, and friends who were re |dy to seize everv dollar in advance. When Burke heard of it, he is said to have burst into tears, and Sir Joshua Reynolds threw aside his pencil and left his work for the day—a thing which no trouble had ever tempted him to do before. He had a crowd of poor mourners, who wept, perhaps, for the only friend they had. A look of hair waa taken from his coffin and given to “lovely Jessamy bride with whom he had laughed, and danced, and jested so often at the country homo where many of his happiest hours had been spent. There were two sisters, and he had travelled with them abroad, and, it is said, grown jealous of the polite French men. But he continued to the last to write them sprightly verses, and be feted and en tertained. He vent out of the world with a weiuht onhis mmd. No one knew what it waa bnfc it la pleasant to think that he laid it down whf re peace does not depend upon bank-ac counts, ard the uncertain fitness of the tmnl to its mortal tenement. They laid nim in a comer of Westminster AMior. nnd Johnson wrote his eoi'anh • Enler of onr affections, and mover alike of onr laughter and onr tears, as gentle as ho is prevailing.” ue Time has given to the dead poet the honor and appreciation that were denied to tha Jiving. If ail the English writers, there is not one, save Dickons perhaps, who is so cherished and so loved. « so BLESSING. BT DUPP POSTER. For The Chicago TTihnne. Oh! the drear and bitter darkness Or the years that went eo slow Yesre of waiting, years of doubting. Full of wanderings to and fro ° Years of hoping, years of praying As I waited by the way ' For some elgn of midnight ending For some star to tell of day " In the weary gloom of bondage Sorrow-bound in heart and hand on I prayed that some bright anral God would send to break the hand Break the band of galling weakness Touch my eyes with flush of uSht ’ Point some faintest share of nromlee To my dim and longing eight Overpast the shadowed waiting 1 Days have come with annshlna bright Ha'yeats white stand near to reaolng < Bright stars shine in deepest nfght-’ I All the ways are thick with favors ■ .And my heart Is glad and free A a rt r I .h now ,ll . at thoa ' ">F darling. Art the angel sent to me. s Chicago, hi. • a c ? r tificate given by a u an i a for admssion to the bar. I hereby certify that the team. ’ a student in my offle* Or tea S?*kL ’ t i iafc c dlir l nK tte Whole of that time O o «s racter for Pwty. chastity, and hinesty ♦i?J+ e J e P roa ®kj and his ezamilowa* l Tom daily contact wifcLhiml J® 00 ™ 6 \ pious and oorflisfceut d l» aud - a aember HAMLIN, hpj£ & COMPANY, Eetail, 328 330 V. Madison-st., Will offer on Monday, Inly 8, Suits At S2O, former price S2B. 16, former price 22. 15, former price 20. 10, former price 16, 9, former price 12. 8, former price 11. 7, former price 19. 6, former price 8. 5. former price 6. 3, former price 5. Parasols. Tie Parepa at $5, former price SB.OO. Tie Saratoga $4.50, former price $8.50. Tie Promenade $3.25, former price $5.00. The Broadway Belle $7.00, former price $ll.OO Tie Tourist $5.00, former price $9.00. Grenadines at 20 cts., former price 35. Pure Mohair Dress Goods at 37 l-2c., former price 621-2. ACCIDENTS BURKING OIL. Mineral Sperm Oil, Manufactured by the Downer Oil Co., of Boston, and we invite Use attention of the public to tho following facta concerning It: It gives a brilliant light, and can be burned In **»«■» German Student Lamp with the usual wlek, or in a ke rosene lamp by patting In the Baal burner, which was invented for the oil, and can be screwed Into the place of the ordinary burner. It la free from odor and la nearly as colorless as water. It coats about one third more to use it than kerosene OIL The principal characteristic of the oil is Its absolute safety—lt cannot be exploded and will notbum except at a temperature of 300 degrees, which ia the Igniting point of sperm and other fatty oils. Bavin? all the good qualities ol kerosene oil none of Its dangers, It has been recommended In tho strongest terms by the following parties, via: Sam’l h. Gould, Pres. Manufacturers' ins. Co., Bee} ton. W. C. Bogers, Pres. Merchants' Ins. Ce., Boston. Geo. T, Osborne. icajitu.is. Co., Boston* G. M. Dexter, Pres. Tremont ins. Co., Boston* J. W. Balch, Pres Boylaton, ina, Co., Boston. A H. Bean, Pres National Ins Co, Boston. Ephraim Brown, Pres. Howard Ina. 00.. Boston. George A. Curtis, Pree. Elliot Ins. Co, Boston. James H Lunt, Pres Suffolk Ins. Co., Bouton. S. G. Rogers, Pres. Fireman’s las. ro., Boston. John c. Abbott. President Shoo and Xeather Insur ance Company. Boston. And by the Committee on Fire Apparatus of the Board of Supervising Inspectors of Steam Vessels at Washington. The oil is now naed In nearly all the New England factories which are not lighted with gas, by the following lines of steamers and steamships: Merchants A Miners* Transportation Company. Boston A Savannah Line.? Providence a New Yoik steamship Company. Provincial Line, Boston. Norwich A New York Transportation Company. Hartford A New York Line. New Haven & New York Line. New York & Savannah Line. Baltimore and Chesapeake steamers. Numerous lines of ferryboats. New Orleans at-d Mobile steamers. Neatly all the Mississippi lines, including the “Dia mond Jo,” eto.,eto,aad the Goodrich Line of this city. It is also used for lighting t' e cars, stations, eta* ol the following railroads: Boston & Albany, Boston A Providence, Old Colony A Newport, Boston, Hartford A Erie, Eastern, Boston A Fitchburg; Cheshire, Maine Centra], Portland, Saco A Portsmouth, Portland A Kennebec, European & North American* ' Dominion Government, of N, 8., ■Worcester A Nashua, Intercolonial Railway, Cape Cod A South Shore, Chicago, Burlington A Quincy, All the Eastern cars of the Pullman Palace Oar Co*' And the lamps are being made to use the oil In the Pullman cars running from this city. We thoroughly afid confidently recommend ths on as being very economical, as a more brilliant and steadier illuminator than any other in ordinary use, aa being ABSOLUTELY SAFE, and. therefore, espe cially desirable for public and private use. We have it on sale in any quantity desired. WOLCOTT, SMITH & CO., 306 & 30§ Wabash*ar. For Hotels, Restaurants, and Families. I GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICE. Call and see them at 76 W. Wasliington-st. Amelia R. Gere. SlEffl BMTISC APPARATUS, Witt Wrought Iron Pipe, or Ciogstou Patent Ba diators and Boilers. I HEROW, SMITH k MOOER3. i For Sale or Rent. The row of elegant, 2 story and haeement brick dwelling licnaoa 79 to 87Ltnooln.av.. fronting Lincoln Paik. The bonaes are now being finished in the beat style, and will have all modern Improvements. Will he ready for occupancy. July is. For terms, <So., ap. P ] y to W. J. ONAHAH, S3 Central Union Block. Northwest corner Madison and Market-sts. White Sulphur Springs. Greenbrier County, West Virginia. th?Rl2?ivi el r b i* ted s P£ in « a (tho fireat Saratov of nab?* 01 *tUnj?B iTO fajyrabjr known fur tbelr val- WaTKR», their channln* SwipS » r t a^o, the and fasblontbla that “opfrUy resort to them, are now open !^i™n. e £S? n Ptrl?! 2 « 2£ eir capacity for accommo *Omo Railroad is now In excellent running orderto ?s * travellers from every section of t&s can reach them by continuous daily railroad Charges for the Season: Board, per day, *3; Board. Per month, ISO, G.L. PEYTON A o<* ,TO *JUn) PABiABOI-S. tails and Parasols. MINERAL SPERM Oil.. NO MORE FROM We have accepted the Agency of the new WM. ROGERS, ) peter j. Ralph, > committee. JOHN MKN3HAW,! (Successors to Pago & Sprague), axovas. ranges, & c , VAN BASHES RE All ESTATE. SnMMEB RESORT.