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: Mil ; : n VOL.I. TUBAO, AUIZOjSTA $ MARCH 3, 1859. r-$o. i. THE ARIZONIAWy m im A .1V3El3IiJLY lAPtiU,'ft f ,t DEVOTED TO ,TIIE GENERAL , ;IN3PKHE i ; .,., , OF, A1UZONA. . id) Vt'" J$3F00 Single copies, per annum, ' 1 ft RATliS'OF ADVEhTISlNCf: ' One Sdudro of 10 lines, or less, ono insertion, $2 00 " " " three ,". .4 00 -i ' J ' ' ' ' Oho qmiFtcr,' 'id 00 " ; . ' , " , ono-'ye'tw) 30 QCr All conimunlcations nnd biiBinbsn 'letters tiittat be' ajldreasedr to; ,Tiie Amkoxian,, Tubac, Arizona. Leech's Wagon Eoad. . lSH- P- F" further iiuiic i(j,aii v oilier cause, luexico is uis uay in-tjf w ' o 'r t w debted for the lamcntablo confusion irito jvhicliff. BPsUn,tiat sorao official investigation be in?. its-affairs have fallen. If the events of Ihc. stjtued as to the expenditures made and. the - Jiia;.u ..jnu.w uHjiiuiijji il is i.uui fjjWQrk done by late expeditions?. Jf no more Liberal ,cau3e is predominant everywhere out-Jiff -K I " , i , i side of tiip capital; and that the Constitutionll P.Was accomplished by the northern wagon which Coinonl'ort betrayed met,, in a gcneralf V&d, -companies than was. effected.by Colpnel sensQ, tlio wants an.l wishes ot the people... hefyLgech and bis corps on the Southarn Jine, the Mexican Politics. There are in Mexico (hrc6 great leading' parties, answering to tli6' type of ptirty wherever that' produel of impbrfect civilization- exists. The first, bepatisc the eldest, is tho CoJfSEUVA tive, with principles cognate with its name; strenuously adhering to ancient realism'-as dis tinguished from modern speculation ; anxious' to concentrate power in individual hands, and' therefore to weaken the authority of popular constitutions and popular legislation; depend ent upon the sympathy of the Church and the superstition of the 'masses for its nnit'ertal 8troifgth; and suspected, probably without jus' tice, of a willingness to restore monarchy, if not in favor of the Spanish crown, of. some,', scion of European royalty. This party Avas.iii power, ill the porsOri of Santa Anna, from' April 20, 1853, to August 11, 1855.' It wits' again in ollice Only a, few , months. since, in the person of Felix Zuloaga,' whose administratiqn was an exhibition of arbitrary authority amounting to actual Dictatorship. The second great division consists of the Radicals, or liros, who discover the necessity of reform in every department of the Government; advocate a 'resort to pure democracy, and regard the Church, in its- un bounded wealth, and malign influence, as the mother of' the manifold evils which afflict the1 people; The Puros were in power in'tho person. the leaders ot that important taction have beeli Lerdo de Tejada, Viduurri, Degollado, Zarco, Arringa, and Mata. Intermediate between these extremes is the modprate party' the Moueuados in power frpm 1851 to 1853, in the person of General Arista; and from De cember, 1855, to January, .1858, in the person of General Conionfort. Juarez, Zamora, Gar za, Parrodi, Casteneda,. Yanez, may be named among the morp conspicuous of the moderate arty, although many of the Moderados of 185G lave, by the drift of subsequent events, been carried into the ranks of the Radicals. For immediate purposes, indeed, the Moderates and Radicals are in strict alliance, under the com prehensive names. of "Liberals" and "Consti tutionalists;" the restoration of the Liberal Constitution adopted by the National Congress at the City of Mexico, Feb. 5, 1857, but set asido in the subsequent December by tho joint effort of Zuloaga and Conionfort, being the common object The three great parties, thus discriminated, enjoyed vigorous existence in Mexico at the . moment when, in 1855, Santa Anna was driven1 out afresli. A liy.ely contention for the succes Bipn follqwtjd. The Radicals triumphed; Alva rez became Provisional President, surrendering the office, however, at the end of a few week? tenure, to Gen. Coinonfort, understood at the time to be as thorough a Radical as the hero of Guerrero. The earlier measures of Conion fort answered the expectations of his friends. His programme of reiorms was undeniably rad ical. It enacted the Constitution of February, it opened a long vista of legislation before which the power of tho Church and tho insub-. ordination of Ihe Army would alike succumb. But it was not long ere the incapacity of the new President for the great task he had as sumed became evident. He appeared terrified at the storm he was provoking. To counter balance a measure offensivp to tho Conserva tives, ( ho adopted measures offensive to the Radicals. The law of demortization drove the Church to frenzy; he endeavored to equate the mischief by a decree abridging the liberty of the Press. The Liberals bade him proceed with his mission; lie drew back, and cast him self into the hands of the Conservatives. His whole Administration, its earlier days excejited, was a rapid retrogression from Radicalism to Conservatism; from tho people, suffering under the weight of an intolerable hierarchy, into the arms of the hierarchy itself. It was Conion fort who aided Zuloaga and the Conservatives in overthrowing the Constitution It was Corn- only point unattainable ,tp. thp pppplar party la the City of Mexico, which it was , in tho nowr of Conionfort to have secured to them.,. ,Hjj gayp it to their adversaries, and hence, tws.pto-1 iraciea series oi woes. . Since, the departure of Compnfort to. the United States, there has been a constant ptate of warfare between-the opposing factions.. with i varied success, until yery lately, when, thp Con-, servatives are reported ;o have triumphed, andj money mignt as wen oe Kept in(B treasury, I'rpm lj'aso, along the old6au4p Tuqsori, tp,thepoint where Leech's road sMwkt off to if?E.Gilaj the amount of labpr,r)ejformed was 3vjry trifling. As to the road along the Gilar iwjjiouui, yery mucn m h nas ever Deen travei- ed,jby,,a wagpn since thp expedition left, and the int .tracks made, by the expedition wagons, rire rmiiuiy growing up xo. grass. VOl. Jueecn S elqcted General Miramon President We. may,; noweyer. sun .iook ior a continuance oi inS3j;, . , -j, , str.ifoJWtwe9n ,tl',B,.yarpu8 parties.. Under tUsuperinfendnce of a sea ..b . ycapmui, yua eit;yejv.iiio,m.ns nning ine aisiance , , Condition Of Mexico. lffroin Fort BelknaP .to.Meilia and an-ived i The. London Times uses , strong language" iB,tist in time to be sold out, not having been of itd articlbs rin Mexico'. In -aii article written whe. least- benefit. There nre circumstances directly after' the reception in England of thPconnected with tlie sale, which dd not speak President's Message, after a sketch of Mexico, jjftery well for the management, to "say the least, of the sixteenth century, the Timea continues, ij$f such operations. ' "' "i! "There is literally no spot in the- o.ntirei?''' The "water tanks"'made by Leech's exp6df-' American 'continent from the Arctic Seas lip t;on concerning which there has been so much Cape Horn, which presents such a spedtaele of ( , . ,, t, ','., disorganization. and. ruin. .Tho Indmhs;of Pat-4Slld the Eastern PaPera ment agonitv are better ordered than the Mexicans jf apologies f6r "water ' tanks" ever Jaid out- ot 1858. In the old seat of American civiliza-fmere shallow, contracted holes, floj5 out in tioinhere is now no Government no recogni7.cdJFthe ground, and generally locator in places numy, iiu i)iiuau uruur. uim mm nroneriy arof f,i. . . i i m-i t insecure, not through the accident of nolftiCal9horo lfc 18 almost on impossibility for wafqr revolution, or ns the consortium of a trnnsirinfc'jstto drain into them. These celebrated ''tanks' convulsion, but necessarily and permanehtlyiimexcite tile ridicule of every one vho W trom the utter detault and break-up ot all thpjjf'tl tern, and if any debendence wa'SoiiacxSl ution institutions dosigiitidiop thbir protbotiori; VMtheir supply of 'watcr, trains voW Jgrish from cannot, lind ni any. European histoiiy-rrnot .eyeujlfl. l . , . 1 ,, getip individuals .niayhaypjmade "four" dollars,, per day, which is a, ;y cry firm, aypra'gp yiptd of, thp diggings, ,butfthe "hnndredrandrfifty-dpljars-per-day'.-men. it ,,woruhl .puzzle, cyerr .a 'Yash irjgton correspondent" to disqover. , , . Wo are next enlightened tq thp effect- that: A new silver, "lead" had, bpen, discovered, pn-p land belonging tp Ueut Mowryr which pays, as richly its, if not .richer, than th'e celebrated' Helntzlemarf silver mine -Theae moifb r;edeli, discoveries had produced an. excited, mining. foypr throughput the.comtryr , ,,, , t , Jn. yipf, .the faptr th,a.f, , mping ,is rp-. ceding consiflprable attpntipuin thispctipiioff, Arizona, -we, should really be gJati. to knox by whom that identipal Vlead!'. (on, land belonging , tpj Lieut Mowry,) was, discpveRedr whenj.nd., whpre ,? Wp, ,fepl .confident thai supv infprmar,v tion wJH bp, "new" tp-.p.ur readevsjiand.nft.dppblt; highly gratifying. We shall .als.p ,b,e- equally gratified if (the e Yprfc Timea.wli d'psigWe ; some particular.,loqality in ths territory ,wlip9,r u few cases of the above mentioned "mhingi iever raay oe touna i, . ,,r AltllOUfh Wfill nwnro flint. Irk orrni rorllt nnn. half the falsa and nQh1ayp,us.!ne",.pybjish7' edin roXerp.npe. tp, Arizona vrpuld bp a, jWpigltyi task, we caunpttrefrainrpm notpfng,suqljerlfo nequsjstatemeiits as, thp .abovp, wlncji mu,t;i , eyitabj f esubUihagfthe TpriWryr ' LiEUTjfepr EpIqs: of Tppn'-1 Lieut Ives',pubjishes'a.prelirliiiarv lenort of Jir4 fetplo'ratiM pffl Colorado), by whicH ' The Mexicahs can neither govbrll themselves nor lind anybody strong enough to govern them; and the State, if it can still bo called a State, is simply tumbling to pieces for want of anything like vitality or cohesion, "The ordinary interest which might attach to a spectacle like this is materially enhanced by two important considerations: On the north ern frontier of Mexico lies a formidable neigh bor already aggrandized by large acquisitions of Mexican territory, and prepared for the ab sorption of more. What gives this contingency still greater weight is thu fact that the internal politics of the North American Union will be intimately affected by any further annexation towards tho South, and its wisest statesmen are apprehensive of the results which might ensue. Certainly, up to the present time the Govern ment of Washington lias exhibited considerable forbearance in dealing with the provocations to which the anarchy and license prevailing throughout Mexico have naturally given rise. "In Mexico there is not a vestige of nation ality. Of its seven or eight millions of popula tion, about one million only nre whites, tho rest being Indians or mixed breeds; and these Mexican Spaniards' hove not succeeded, like thp French Canadians, in preserving the spirit which they brought across the seas. Mexico lias broken up from pure incapacity for self government. The license which ensued on the extinction of absolutism forty years ago has never been exchanged for any regular or stable Administration, so that what should have been a mere temporary suspension of authority has proved a permanent abeyance of order. Des potism might have relieved the country, but no Mexican has been strong enough for n despot, and affairs, therefore, have gone from bad to worse, with interminable convulsions, hopeless wars, losses of territory, and, at length, with such absolute political disorganization that no stagp of decline can bo more ruinous, and men are only looking to see what may follow." The Minie Musket. G. W. Kendall writes to tho New Orleans Picayune, that in ono of Lindsay's recent scouts against the Navajos, one of the latter was killed at a distnncp of four hundred yards and another woundedl with a shot from one of tho now Minie muskets now used by tho U. S. troops. The, winnings of Mr. Ten Broeck pn thp En glish turf the Fast season, are reported to 'htivd exceeded $15,000. continent wherever they are needed, and would' not be understood as saying anything to dis courage them, but at the same time feel called upon to protest against the useless and extrav agant manner in which the appropriations are usually expended, and confess a thorough disgust for the small amount of labor and the immense quantity of bloviation which usually follows. v Lieut. Beale, with his party, wintered at. Al buquerque, and before this time, has started out on his route along the 35th parallel. He intends to make a good road i and construct bridges wherever they are needed. He. has a strong force of men and animals, and being an officer, of great skill and energy will doubtless make a fine route, to California. , i . "News" from Arizona! The Washington correspondents of the New. York journals possess wonderful facilities for obtaining intelligence from this region. In fact, those journals publish so much that is original, rare and strange, from this far-off portion of the Union, that it is quite a treat to read it Looking over a late number of the New York Daily Times, wo discover an arrt.j of "news" from Arizona, a portion of which we quote, con fident that it will bo interesting to people here abouts, since the intelligence is eminently "new" and no less wonderful I In reference to the Gila river gold mines, wo find the following : At the date of these advices about the mid dle of December, there were over six hundred men at work with the rudest means of opera tion, and making from four to a hundred and fifty dollnrs per pay ! A few of the miners had struck tle "bed rock," at the depth of pver, twenty feet, and were taking out an average of, pver fifty dollars per day to the hand. The above paragraph is a tissue of humbug gery. No such number of men as is stated' above, have over been at work on the Gila at one time not over three hundred at tlie very highest estimate, At present there are but few persons at the diggings, and most of the num cer are barely clearing expenses. A few ener- Ttv&ppears thdTh'e ascended the river- with. "His jsmall stern wheel steam boat ttt a stream call ed 'thp Rio Virgin, five huii'dirdd miles from tlie' mouth. He then procee'd'edWerland io Fortf .Alburquerque, nine hundred miles.. Mp'sf of Ut-iLt--A..Jt.L:i..l'vA 'i.'f iJ' i ... -I iiuuunuuiir jh ruEsreu mountains, mffanuc can-; ons, and vast stretches of barren land, sparsely inhabited by a few wretched Indians. Some few valuable minerals were discovered, but' ii such inhospitable regioha that they can neyer be profitably worked. This is the substance of the report. We do not see that any important discoveries have been made. ' ' p ' Hews Items. Late papers from the, States announce tho death of Ex-Governor Slade. of Vermont, whoso lab.ors in behalf of education "have 'given him, a ' wide-spread reputation. Gen. Mi ramo!.. iThis new President of the Mexican Republic is an addition td the list of" those 'who have reached the summit of -ambition in early life. Born, in 1832, he. is now in his 27,th year. He first figured conspicuously in the insurrection of Zuloaga, Inst winf er. Uppii the death of Gen. Osollos, he was placed at the head of the army, signalizing his promotion by a. great victory over Gen. Vidaurri near San: Luis Potosi, Spptpmber 29th. More recently, lib has beaten the Liberal Degollado without the gates of Guadalajara, and forced his way into that city. Ax enterprising sliowman is exhibiting a company of trained fleas in the cities of the Atlantic States, to crowded houses. Their feats' as described in the papers, are truly surprising. It is rumpred at Washington that a propo-. sition for the sae of Sonora and Chihuahua has been received from President Miromon. Tho price named is said to be sixteen millions. We do not credit the rumor. The neutrality of the Atlantic Cable, which caused so much discussion in the Senate, ono ydar hgo, has been fully established. hasn't a icord tq say on cither side, Iaxsas Gold MiXES'-rTho reports, from the South Platte gold region announce new discov eries of the precious metal, and a large yield. Tlie gold is fine float, or scale gold, intermixed with boulders, coarso gravel, and sand, tho whole of which is from sixteen, inches to two and,, a jnf feet in depth, and dppptsitptl upon a. hard cement, resembling in appearance burnt clay or lava) this is termed f lib' bed rock, and" is reached at a disf anco of from three to sixf feet below the surface.