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THE WEEKLY AKIZOMiN.
Vol. 1. TUBAC, ARIZONA, JUNE 2, 1859. No. 14. THE ARIZONIAN, A Weekey papeu, DEVOTED TO TUB GENERAL INTERESTS OF ARIZONA. terms: Three Dollars per annum, in advance. rates op advertising: One Square, of 10 linos, or leas, ono Insertion, $2 00 f a , U ii u tnrc0 00 " " " " one quart-sr, 10 00 , " " " " ono year, 30 00 All communications and business letters must be addressed to Tne AnrzoKiAN, Tubae, Arizona. ' Tjie Spanish Empire Passing Away. Iu od ministerinr? a fair hit to the European syinpa thisers with Spain, the Now Orleans Delta dves Trouble of Telegraphers in India. -Tho telegraphers in India make great complaints, not only that the rebel3 cut the wires, but that Various Items. Another of those humbug concerns, styled a " Southern Convention," is soon to assemble at Charleston, South Carolina, where there will be It is quite sugges-j uuder a complete misapprehension, of the ob, 1 the usual display of rant and nonsense concern ject oi me teiegrnpu system, ueugui to use tne , "disunion.' Several southern States, Hen wires for athletic sports and.pastimes. Mr. Bus- tucky amonff the number, refuse to send del- A sharp Kebuke. First Lieutenant Caleb Smith, 21 infantry, was lately tried by court martial, at Fort Ran dall, for disgraceful and unolficcr-liko conduct towards Lieut Lee and 1st sergeant Sloaue. -He collared and pushed the sergeant and drew a pistol on Lieut. Lee, while oh duty with lu3 company. The finding of the court and the decision of the President thereon, was as fol lows : The court after mature deliberation upon the testimony adduced, fin Is the accused guilty of the ch:irgo an I ' specifications preferreJ against nun, anil sentence turn, tne sam uaico Smith of the 2 1 regiment of infantry, "To be dismissed the service." The President reviewed the case, and the re suit was an onlcr thereon : War Department, April 13, 1859. The proceedings of the court in the case of Lieut Caleb Smith, haying been submitted to the President, he has seen cause, while he con firms them, to remit the sentence. The rea son for this clemency have reference to the provocation of disrespect nu.l insubordination which the prisoner yielde 1 to ; but they do not in any manner justify his resort to violent de monstrations to maintain an authoritv exer cised without discretion, when a dignity of command that might have been expected in the lowest grade of office was nmplv sufficient for tho occasion. Lieutenant Smith retains his commission, and it will be well if th lesson he has received shall stimulate him to a more effi cient and elevated practice of the authority which it confers. John B. Floyd, Secretary of War. The Bankrupt Government op Europe. Every few weeks we hear of spmc one or other of the European governments shinning amon the Jews. There is, in fact, not one of thein ; that can meet its expenses during the present session of armed peace, with its current revenue, and they therefore endeavor to negotiate their drafts on posterity. A little while ago Sardinia tried the money changers of London and Paris, and, not succeeding with them, drew a million from her own subjects on the strength of tho war fever, Austria then came forward for thirty millions of dollars, but finding no ta kers at home or abroad, is now running on tick. Then came Russia, borrowing sixty millions, which she got through a new set of agents. Eng land, following, nsking for twenty-five millions of dollars, which it is now stated must be in-, creased to sixty millions, to cover the deficit in her Indian budget. The last customer that has appeared en change is France, who, having got all that can be drawn from the hank of France, is now hunting up some forty millions of dollars more to cover up deficiencies, Tho coolest part ef the financial outgivings among the money londers is, that they do not want to negotiate tin fnllnwinw svnonsis of the manner in wnici' the elephants and other animals rub against the Spanish empire has been passing away for 1 the posts and prostrate them, while the monkeys- some turee hundred years, tive at this moment : 1565 Malta surrendered to Knights of Saint John. 1620 Navarro and Boar no ceded to France. 16'tO Portugal was lost. 1 649--ReussoIon lost. 1648 Netherlands becamo indepondcnU 1 C2G -Bavbadoes seized by the English 1665 Jamaica seized by the English. , 1704 Gibralta taken by the English. 1Y18-Lucas taken by the English. 1750 Dominica taken by the English. 1787 Trinidad taken by the English. 17th Century New Granada, Guadalpue,& half St. Domingo seized by the French. lP.no-uLotiifUnna seized bv the French. 18th Century -Sardinia" ceded to DuheotH-e.UO and 120 degrees Slnvntf II Century Oran and Mezzalquin ctjdod to Morocco. Jk Century North of Italy ceded to the . Bourbons. 1759 Siuilv and Nnnlos emnncinnteth 1819 Florida sold to the United States. 1821 Half San Domingo lost. 1825 Mexico finally lost. 18th 18th keys or baboons at work on one feeble stretch of wire, posturing, grinning, and chattering away in tho highest spirits ; some walking topsyturvy along it, othecs tugging' it up and down with mam lorce, considerably increased by the cir cumstances that the monkeys were hanging on hy their tails, and Others striving to detach the wire from the posts, so as to give their friends a sudden fall; Hidden gusts ofwind blow miles of wire and posts flat to the earth." In addi tion to this i. is hard to transmit the messages in a smart, active, wide-awake, and intelligent manner when tho thermometer is ranging be- The Neuro Repoiu.io. Mr. James R ljeil path has recently been on a visit to Hayti, arid i3 writing a series of articles for the New Yfirk Tribune,, which give a most unfavorable nccoluit of the morals and the condition of tho peop'-i.t of that country Mr, Redpath's account ojiv, low state of morals is truly deplorable. IIc says marriage is almost unknown. The woman who lives in the house with the man is regarded as his wife, !tut each man who can afford it is expec-wd to support several concubines. Aijd this promiscuous intercourse degrades neither the man nor woman in tho estimation of ety Indeed, the mother fiitft gii'tffief&fiW'iPff before the daughter assumes the relation of con cubine. The correspondent says the doctrine of free love, as applicable to the present condition of society, has had free scope there for many years, 'and a more utterly demoralizing system, or one better adapted to drive out all purity there is from the earth, can scarcely be con ceived of. Our Relations with Nicaragua. The New York Herald lias the following in relation to Nicaragua affairs : There is a new and very interesting phase in tftir relations with Nicaragua. , As has already been rmdc known, Run Runnels, the New con sul to Sun Juitn, took important despatches to Minister Lamar, and the officers in command of the home squadron. These instructions have been. reiterated an.l strengthened by des patches sent still more-recently. Our minister is to demand the immediate restoration of the 'tcamors to tho Transit Company, ample in demnity for the damage done by the destruct ion of .the bridges si tl other property pn the route, nd any other damage jhafc may have linen .sustained in consequence of tho illegal stiizurysan'd other' highhanded proceedings or dered by Martizez. If these demands are not acceded to t once, the whole available force in the Gulf and elsewhere that can be conceit- atod - at San Juan, in a shore time will' be fdifctld ttt-hrvdihytMul and diic'cted'to tt;' uudGr What an Editor miuht have been. Hol land, the editor of the Springfield (Mass.) Re publican, lias been up to Vermont, where he came fromtand he thus sketches what ho should have been, if he had not left home and become an editor: " Your correspondent would have grown stal wart and strong, with horny hands, and a face as black as the ace of spados. He wauld have taught schools winters, worked on a farm sum mers, and gone out haying fifteen days in July, and trken for pay the iron work and running gear of a wagon. At two and twenty, or there abouts, he would have begun to pay attentions to a girl with a father worth two thousand dol lars, and a split curl on her forehead a girl who always went to singing school, and set in the seats and sung without opening her mouth a pretty girl anyway. Well, after peeing her home from singing two or three years, taking her to a Fonrh of July celebration, and getting about a hundred dollars together, he would marry her and settle down. Years would pass away, and that girl with the split curl would have eleven children just as sure as you live seven boys nnd four girls. Wo should have had a time in any loans just now, for if hostilities are preven- bringing them up, but they would soon be able ted there will be several more borrowers in the to do the milking, and help their mother wash market That is to say, that these spendthrift davs, and f, getting independent at lant, and governments have run out their credit in the fueling a little stiff in the joints, would bo elec- money market, and that; their only chance to ted a member of tho legislature, having been an mmittce tor years, in his orders, even if that course should require second bombardment of San.Juun, and all the other towns within reach of the squadron's guns. Our" government has definitely resolved that the Transit route shall be opened, and has is sued a circular to the several companies to as certain upon what terms the California mail can be carried by the route from the 30th of September, 1859, to the 30th of June, I860. The company must have the privilege of transit from Nicaragua, when our government will pro tect the company as far as our guns will go ; and if things should come to a collision, there is hardly any question but that tho navnl com manders would take the responsibility of land in suflioient forces to protect the passengers, mails and treasure. Experiments on Horses. Some curious ex periments have been made at the Veterinary school at Alfort, just outside Paris, by order of the Minister of War, to ascertain the endurance of horses, as in a besieged town, for example. It appears a horse will' live . on. water alone twenty-five days ; seventeen days without eat ing and only five days if fed but unwutered : ten days if fed but insufficiently wateced. A horse kept without water for three days; drank one hundred and four pounds of water in three minutes. It was found, too, that a horse taken immediately after " feed " and kept in the ac tive exercise of the "squadron school," com pletely digested in three hours ; if kept quiet in the stable its digestion was scarcely com menced in three hours. cgates. There are in the State of Oregon 135 flout mills, with a capacity of producing 2,600,000 barrels per unnura. An English newspaper has been stated at Constantinople. It is called the Levant Herald. A new breech-loading rifle has been invented by a Mr. Gould, of Buffalo, and is said to be a wonderful weapon, surpassing anything of tho sort extant. A committee of three Captains of the engineer corps has been selected by the Secretary of War to examine the Rock Island railroad bridge, end determine whether or no it is really an impedi ment to navigation of so serious a character as to demand removal. All sorts of crime in the United States goes by fits and epidemics. Since tho murder of Key by Sickles, not less than five cases of similar character have occurred in various parts of the United States. The journals from the southern States speak very encouragingly of the cotton, corn, and wheat crops of that section of the Union. We have not much agriculture in this Territory to tall; about. There is land enough, such as it is, but of water, the supply is not very abundant The last session of Congress appropriated $10,000 for the purchase of agricultural imple ments for the Piirao Indians. They will be scut out and distributed at once. r John Mitchel, the Irish exile, publishes in Washington, D. C, a rabid disunion paper, called The Citizen. This mischievous alien, banished from his own country for treason, commences his profession in the land that gives him refuge. A halter would be too good for him. Sardinia ha3 succeeded in negociating a loan of $10,000,000, and has also contracted for large supplies of arm3, among other thing.! 30,000 revolvers, to be made in France. The course of popular education is receiving great attention in Texas. The public school fund is said to be sufficient to maintain schools in every town in the State. In many of the southern States such a thing as a public school is unknown. Texas is setting a noble example. Popular education is the main safeguard of a free government. Large fields of bituminous coal have been dis covered on the Kansas river, and companies are forming to work the mines. An effort is being made in some of the eastern States to resuscitate the old Whig party ! It's no use : that party fulfilled its mission, and is uow among the things of the past. The measured distance from Leavenworth I City to the gold mines is precisely five hundred , and fifty-seven, miles. The air line is as fol lows: Leavenworth City, longitude west, 94 Tho Odd Fellows throughout the United States are making arrangements to celebrate .1.-. Ofi.l. tl.v Ci-tlntl. :on..f nftlin VII IUU iUlll 111.11. i MIU iUI Will i.lllltini.l(l B , f 1 institution of the order in this country. Agrau-l , ucgrccs, - ioiuuu, iuuuin ., natimi'il nnlnbration will he held in New York: ' oiititude west. 105 degrees. Difference 10 de grees, 16 minutes, 52 seconds 553 miles: The Richmond Dispatch, on the authority of get m mey is to stir up the war fever among their assessor and school committee for years. su.jecH they know that, it they can workmen the evening of my days, with my pipo in my j wu;ist hundreds of celebrations will bo going on up to a fighting point they can induce them to ; mouth, thirteen barrels of cider in the cellar. throughout the Union, pour o'it both their blood an 1 their treasure. and a newspaper in mv hands. I should sit and ! , lt , J his shows how thoroughly rotten is Mi.' finan- look over the markets, through a pair of gold There is a movement on foot to bring out tho a gentleman residing in that city, who has re- v. V v tt 1 1 .I, r '" ": 7 .... non. o as. uuiunc, oi ivy., us a uuiuiiuuw i-;r contlv been residing some monui3 in unea, rnineuts in hump... How long will thf 'e hun- strange, sdlv piece as this shoul.l be published. President . . . , f dre.it millions of civilized men eonnt to be-' --i . resident. th;U Wlth tho eJWeptl0n f a few persons pitted and provoke I .against ca-h other, that A Quitting the wvll under unfavorable eircum-' Charles Mackay, of England, and niram engaged in the American trade, tho opposition tnov, maybe plundered by a lew selfish mini'y stances is defined in Pike county, Illinois, to be fuller, ot INew lork, ivic about to stan an t0 unuCXation is universal, dynftios, an I supply tho gili'm and tinsel of gettinr shot on a stolen horse, with both pock- American journal in Lon Ion. . . T; . P1 otVwd of miserable, imbecile courtiers? ets full of bogus money' '"Vnn 431130, which is miking vat steam RR I'eloetric strides through the world, tells s that tho whole fabric of tho European political of Bishops Elliot and Polk have received n An emigrant to Oreg-m, writing home to one quarter million dollars hi New Orleans towar 1 his friends, savs: "We are gotting on finely the en lowmenl of the University of the Son'h, systi'm is rotten, and is fast approaching its here, and have already laid the foundation of a . aud expect soon to obtain tho wholr three null flrml r..;.. r xr..-. ir.-i. it i . in.... " i .nni,!,! Dickons has refusod 11,000 ($50,00) to lec ture for ono year in this county. " Counterfeit twenty cent piecos of tho now Ca nadian coinage have made their appearance.