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Iwmiwtfi j^mocnn Except Sundays ■ad Holidays by WATERBURY DEMOCRAT. INC. Binning, waterbury, Conn. BiMscriptton Rates. Year.WOO MAO Payable In Advance One Month.75c One Week.18c of Audit Bureau of Circulation The Democrat will not return manuscript sent Mi for iffiMiffation imiimi accompanied by postage. HO attention paid anonymous communications. DIAL 4-2121 AH Departments DIAL 4-2121 All Departments - THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1935 A Thought for Today For the Lord wiU Judge his people, and he Will repent himself concerning his servants.— Psalm 135:14. • • • When the soul has laid down Its faults at the feet of God, It feels as though It had wings.— E. Guerin. Mattatuck Community College The official and formal opening of Mattatuck Community College here yes terday comes as a boon to Waterbury in these times, when , if not for such an institution, many would be deprive^ of a higher education. To Miss Edna Harmon'and Superin tendent of Schools Dr. Thomas J. Condon should go the city’s thanks for their un tiring efforts to launch this new enter prise in our midst. Both Dr. Condon and Miss Harmon have labored diligently to get Waterbury its proportionate repre sentations in WPA educational projects. • Coming simultaneous with the auspi cious opening of this new institution, the announcement that many teachers on the faculty may be released and others suffer a material salary cut is most regrettable at this time. However, Dr. Condon’s determination to carry on with whatever faculty quota the WPA schedule will allow is encouraging as well as admirable. In any event a beginning has been made in the official launching of the col lege and it is sincerely hoped that what ever differences may exist as regards the matter of budget difficult between FERA and WPA will eventually be eradicated so that the work so well outlined will be allowed to progress without serious con sequences to the welfare of those for whom it was originated—the many in need of a higher education in Waterbury. Canada Goes Liberal The Liberal sweep in Canada is even more complete than Americans expected. All the provinces were already Liberal except Alberta, which had gone positively radical. Now the federal government will be Liberal. It was a strange campaign. Premier Bennett, head of the Conservative Party, put forward a liberal program intended to undermine the opposition. But the country forsook him, apparently distrust ing his late swing to the left, and prefer ring to have the liberal policies approved by both parties carried out under MacKenzie King, of whose Liberalism there could be no question. Mr. King is remembered by Americans as an executive with whom it was easier to get along than it was ,most of the time, with his successor. The first important effect of the election, as far as this coun try is concerned, will probably be pro posals from Ottawa .to Washington for freer trade and closer cooperation in waterways and other matters of mutual interest. e Wrong Attack Some little time ago an outspoken newspaper editor in the Panama Canal Zone, Nelson Rounsevell, charged U. S. army authorities there with using so much hard-boiled Prussianism in their discipline that enlisted men were being driven to drugs and suicide. Major-General Harold B. Fiske, com mander of the Panama Canal depart ment, promptly brought criminal libel charges against the editor, and Mr. Rounsevell was convicted. Now his law yer is appealing, the verdict, pleading that freedom of the press in the Canal Zone will be gravely hampered if it be allowed to stand. There seems little reason to quarrel with that statement. When a respon sible person makes charges as serious as those Mr. Rounsevell made, you would suppose the people in authority would be chiefly concerned with investigating the charges and, if they proved to be true, with correcting the conditions com plained of. Instead—as so often happens—the sole idea seemed to be to take a crack at the man who made the charges. International Law A declaration made by Premier Pierre Laval of France, at the meeting of the League of Nations Assembly which voted penalties against Italy for aggressive war, marked a new point in history. “France will face her obligations,’' he announced. “I said this before the Coun cil. I repeat it before the Assembly. The Covenant is our international law.” There has long been in existence what lawyers called a “body of international law,” consisting of diplomatic practices and precedents, international treaties, verdicts, and ao on. But it has been loose and vague and without binding power. Nations mostly have felt free to make their own laws of international conduct as they go along, to suit their own ends.' This has been true even since the organ ization of the League of Nations with its constitutional statement of principles, rights and duties. That Constitution or Covenant has been largely ignored. Now half a hundred nations, including three of the biggest powers and nearly all of the little ones, formally accept the obligations of their Covenant just as Americans accept the obligations of our own Constitution, and declare they are going to enforce it against a law-break ing member. 7 Italy, Germany, Japan and half a dozen small nations do not concur. There will doubtless be loopholes in the enforce ment. But it looks, for the first time, as if international law is really beginning to take form and authority. Don’t Be Too Sure The bitter critics of the New Deal are chuckling over the recent statement of a prominent engineer connected with the Passamaquaddy Bay project that it would never be entirely successful, because af ter properly developed there’d be no mar ket for the trerdendous amount of electricity generated. All of which may be true relatively speaking, but when you get right down to cases, does this man khow whereof he speaks. What proof has he that the future holds nothing for this gigantic power plant? As a matter of fact the money that Uncle Sam is putting into the harness ing of the high tides that sweep in and out of this famous bay at the north easternmost tip of the United €>tates, will undoubtedly be repaid a thousandfold. It may not be in dollar dividends, but it will be in other fashions. Right now it is pay ing dividends in restoring to a commer cial footing, several Maine communities that were fast becoming mere dots on the map. Much material is being sent up to help construct the immense dams that will divert the tides and allow them to sweep back and forth only at the command of man and not nature. Skilled and trained men have been put to work on a project that calls for intensive concentration and considerable application, something that has long been denied a great army of men, qualified for just such jobs as this is. All this has been extremely helpful. And when electrical energy is at last created by harnessing the tides, we know it’s go ing to be marketed some way or another. Yesterday was the seventy-sixth anni versary of the arrival of the abolitionist John Brown at Harpers Ferry, West Vir ginia. As the song says “John Brown’s body lies a-mouldering in the grave but his soul goes marching one.” Or as one of our leading American poets has written: “John Brown’s body lies a-moulder ing in the grave. Spread over^it the bloodstained flag of his song, For the sun to bleach, the wind and the birds to tear, The snow to cover over with a pure fleece And the New England cloud to work upon With the grey absolution of it slow, most lilac-smelling rain Until there is nothing there That ever knew a master or a slave, Or, brooding on the symbol of wrong Threw down the irons in the field of peace.” Whether Connecticut is better off for having defeated the racing bill at the last session of the legislature we leave to each and everyone’s individual opinion. But one thing is certain if the Connecticut patronage at Agawam is any criterion of the sport’s popularity in this state, legal ized racing would have gone over big. Perhaps too big. Now we read of an all-year-round Young Men’s Republican Club in Waterbury. Nothing like getting started early for 1936. After that the club will in all prob ability revert to its original biennial propositions. Settlers’ Village will close at sundown this coming Sunday, the 20th. This is sad news for those who have been slow to take advantage of what the Village has to offer. It became a famous place dur ing the past few months, and out-of town visitors were profuse in their ad miration. News of what was to be seen and what was going on inside the stock ade out west of the city spread to all parts of the country and to foreign coun tries where France, Russia, Lithuania, Germany, Ireland, the Scandinavian countries, and others received news of the village in miniature down here in the Naugatuck valley. Let’s hope it opens again next Spring. When Wall Street reports a healthier reaction the report is that the patient is resting more comfortably as compared with the previous reports of as well as can be expected or hopeless. Selected Poem FROSTY MORNING fBy Violet Alleyn Storey in the New York Times) The dahlias froze this morning. When I looked, It seemed as if my garden had put away Most colorful of all her gowns to dofi A sober sort of wrapper, brownish-gray. The dahlias froze this morning, and last night I tossed aside my voiles and organdies, And broad-brimmed picture hats, and tinted shoes, And brought drab clothes to take the place of these. Next year there will' be summery gowns, brand-new: More dahlias; yet, like me, my garden knows, Each year one puts away so much of youth With frosted dahlias and sheer, faded clothes! .“Well, How Are You Fellows Coming?** i 1 " •" ■ -- »i G. O. P. Sidesteps AAA Likewise Mr. Hoover Avoided Any Reference To It In His Recent Oakland, Cal., Address (From The Democratic National Committee) The September session or the Republican National Executive committee in Washington avoided any reference to the Agricultural Adjustment Act in Its sweeping in dictment of the Roosevelt adminis tration. And Ex-President Hoover, in his "first political speech” at Oakland, Cal., as studiously ex cluded entirely the AAA from his long list of sins of commission charged up against his successor in the White House. Hence the hier archy of the g.o.p. disregards con spicuously the 58 to 0 decision ren dered against the emergency agri cultural program on both consti tutional and “traditional” grounds by the Liberty League’s corporate supreme court. But Mr. Hoover and the Repub lican National Executive commit tee, and likewise the divers grass root gatherings, were all admittedly sidestepping AAA on purely polit ical grounds and it has never been a political proposition. It has not been administered by partisans and there is nothing about it that sug gests partisanship. On the con trary, it is purely economic in both conception and execution and was devised to correct—and certainly it is correcting—the previous govern mental interference with tariflsand foreign trade under the Harding, Coolidge and Hoover administra tions that were political and that not only ruined agriculture but un dermined the nation's general in dustrial and financial system. For seven and a half years Mr. Hoover served as secretary of com merce and the public assumes that his experience* renders him more qualified for discussion of present problems from an economic stand point. But had he done so, avoid ance of any mention of AAA would have been impossible. The AAA was only one of the component parts of the general pol icy of the Roosevelt administration aimed at restoration of the old competitive machine; of producing a balance between prices and costs, between income and interest charg es; between the cost of living and the buying power of consumers. All of this was to make business ac Horoscope BY OCTAVIVE For persons who believe that hu man destiny is guided by the plan ets, the daily horoscope is outlined by a noted astrologer. In addition to information of general Interest, it outlines information of special in terest to persons born on the desig nated dates. OCTOBER 18 Most favored ones today are those who were bom from June 1 through July 21. General Indications of the Day For Everybody Morning—Good. Afternoon—Bad. Evening—Good. It Is not wise to sign papers or oontracts to-day, but it Is a favor able time for study. To-day’s Birthdate You can be very watchful and you may notice much more than others around you. Health conditions may call for attention from June through Au gust, 1930. Someone In your home may form some connection with a hospital at this time. Your moot beneficial period for the coming year is indicated for the months of April and May. You should gain through travel, pub lications, relatives or correspon dence. You may meet with new ro mance from March 11 through 14, 1936, but it may have an abrupt ending from March 22 through 28, 1936, for the latter dates are dan gerous and very rash. Readers desiring additional in formation regarding their horo scopes are invited to communicate with Octavine in care of this news paper. Enclose a 3 cent stamped, mm tivity again possible. The presi dent's monetary policy—adopted much earlier by the English whom Mr. Hoover praises for their wisdom —was the keystone of the arch, fol lowing his swift restitution of ad equate banking facilities and safe guarding of the people’s bank de posits. The Farm Credit Act to save farms from foreclosure; the Home Owners’ Loan Act to save ur ban homes from foreclosure; the National Industrial Recovery Act to bring employers and workers to gether; the Federal Housing Act to stimulate the stagnant heavy indus tries; vast extension of the powers of the RFC to render general in stead of narrowly restricted ser vice; the public works and work relief acts—all are integrated parts of this concentration of effort to ward geneuine recovery which has brought the astonishing results now apparent on the financial pages of any newspaper you pick up. Had Mr. Hoover discussed the issues as the economist his quali fications prove him to be, he could not have evaded certain outstand ing statistics. For example: In 1932 our per capita production of consumer goods had dropped to 72 per cent of the 1929 level. Last Au gust it was back to 84 per cent and is now higher still. But production of capital goods in 1932 was only 27 per cent of 1929 and last Au gust it had doubled to 53 per cent. These llgures are adjusted to popu lation growth, which people fre quently overlook in discussing un employment. So production of many things had to be restored for the benefit of manufacturers and . merchants. And that vast element which tra ditionally has been America’s best customer—the farmer and his de pendents—had to be utilized at once. Now that might have'seemed ironical to persons who were skep tical of Mr. Roosevelt’s plan, be cause agriculture was in the worst plight of all. Its condition seemed utterly hopeless. In 1932 the phys ical production of farm commod ities was 99 per cent of 1929— against only 27 per cent of the heavy industries, which of course had laid off millions of workers. General industrial production was 54 per cent of the 1929 level 'and farm production practically the same as in 1929. Farmers couldn’t lay off help; they had none to lay off. And they were as lacking in help from Washington. Their ex port market had vanished but the government was not even remind ing them of that fact. So the farmers maintained their production unchecked until in 1932 they had suffered a reduction • of 58 per cent in their normal cash Income. This compared with a loss of 37 per cent in the income of non-agricultural industries. Any economic discussion of this vital topic could not fall to disclose that at the present time American farm ers are producing 74 per cent of their 1929 production, as a result of which their net cash income has Increased to 56 per cent of 1929 and they have been the main prop in bringing Industrial cash Income up to 71 per cent of 1929. Had there been no restriction of farm produc tion, there, would have been no elimination' of the price-depressing surpluses nor resumption of that magnificent farm buying power that has got Industry back on Its feet. Undoubtedly Mr. Hoover has had time to think over the fact, long stressed by the farm organizations, that industrial Income can rise only when the farmers can buy. But that rule of course works both ways, because the cities and the towns must also buy from the farms. And as every branch of industry, as well as agriculture, is advancing toward normal, any mention at all of AAA would have led into deep and swift waters. So the former president labeled his speech as purely political and such it proved to be. If social credit works, nobody else will.—Premier Mitchell Hepburn, Ontario, referring to government experiment in which Albertans are to be oaid *25 a month dividend. loi ran get aa answer la aar answerable qaralloa af fart a* 'a. (oratallaa by writing to Kredvrlrh M. Krrby. Uaeatloa Kdllor, Tki Waterbary Ueaiorral. Waablaicdiii Harsau. 101* Thirteenth Slreel. Washington O. C, earloslas III l< UK reals la eala or poslaa* •tamps for reply. Uo sol aer postal eards. Mrdleal and legal advlees raaaol be gleea aor car ealraded researeb be made. All other qaeslloas will rerelee » personal reply. Letters wltboai same or address eaaaot be an swered. All letters are eosfldes Hal. Voa are rerdlally Invited to make use of this free servlee as often as yon please. TUB RlirX'OH. Q. Are naturalized American citizens subject to deportation for a crime committed after naturaliza tion? A. No. Q. Has a negro ever been nom inated for the office of president or vice-president of the United States? A. No negro has ever been nom inated for the office of president, but James W. Ford, a negro, was the nominee for vice-president on the communist ticket In 1932. Q. Give the populations of Ni agara Falls, N. Y., and Niagara Falls, Canada. A. The 1930 census gives the TO-DAYS COMMON ERROR Never say, “He would like to have insisted on his right”; say, “would have liked to insist.” population of Niagara Palls, N. Y„ as 75,460; and in 1931, Niagara Falls, Canada, had 19,046. Q. What is the inscription on the stone over the grave of Mark Twain’s wife? , A. The stone is inscribed with her name, record of birth and death, and the German words: “Gott sei dir gnadig, O melne wonne!” (God be merciful to you, O my bliss). Q. What is the name and ad dress of the Chairman of the Re publican National Committee? A. Henry P. Fletcher, 563 Park avenue, New York City, or Barr Bldg., Washington, D. C. Q. Give the total length of the U. S. tidal shore line on the At lantic and Pacific oceans and the Gulf of Mexico. A. Atlantic coast, Including islands, 11,679 statute miles; Gulf coast, including islands, 6,418 sta tute miles; Pacific coast, including Islands, 3,765 statute miles. Q. What is a gondolier? A. A boatman who operates a gondola. Q. Who wrote the book from which the motion picture, "She”, was taken? A. It is a screen dramatization of a book with the same title, by Sir Rider Haggard. Q. What role did Frederic March play in "The Eagle and the Hawk?” A. Jeremiah Young. -- Test Your Knowledge Can you answer seven of these test questions? Turn to last page tor the answers. 1. How old is former Kaiser Wil helm? '' 2. Where , is the tomb of Wood row Wilson? 3. Near what large city is Lake Ponchartraln? 4. Name the last motion picture in which Mary Pickford appeared. 6. Name the city situated on the last of the chain of Florida Keys. 6. How Is the value of gold bul lion determined In the U. &? . 7. What is a “round” of ammu nition? 8. In which motion picture was the song, “You Do Something To Me" sung? 9. What Is the source of the pro verb: “Let not thy left hand know what Uiy right hand doeth?” • 10. Who wrote the Christian hymn. “Silent Niaht?” THE LOWDOWN ON HULL CUMMING’S APPOINTMENT -By DREW PEARSON and ROBERT 8. ALLEN ■ Washington, October 17 — There are factors behind the appointment of Secretary Hull’s personal assistant as American observer in Geneva which do not at first meet the naked eye. vuuuuun, Mic /vuu§ mail In question, wu on a European honeymoon after marrying Wini fred West, Washington’s most winsome widow. Ostensibly to prolong the honeymoon, Mr. Hull ordered him to remain In Gen eva. There was much more to It than that. IN THE FIRST PLACE the British had been nagging Mr. Hull to have the United States represented at the League debate on sanctions against Italy. They wanted Hull to follow the prece dent of Henry L. Stlmson who placed an American observer with the Council during the debate on Japan’s invasion of Manchuria. Hull’s private sympathies leaned toward appointment of such an observer. But his prac tical political Ideas leaned against it. He knew what a luscious campaign battle-cry such an ap pointment would make for the republicans: “New Deal risks war entanglement by sending observer to League.” Career IN THE SECOND PLACE, Mr. Hull knew a fierce struggle was In progress between his two regu lar representatives In Geneva. The American consul, Prentiss Gilbert, constantly Is at cross purposes with Hugh Wilson, Lmerlcan Minister to Switzerland. The feud , is one of the most sensational in the States De partment, has Involved the en tire career service. Wilson, a career man, feels the important liaison work between the United States and the League should be accomplished by an experi enced career diplomat. Gilbert, who Joined the State Department after having run the New York Statp Fair In Roches ter, N. Y., Is not an adept at pink tea and protocol. So Mr. Hull decided to trust neither side, but get reports from his own man In Geneva. NOTE—Hugh Cumming is a sleek-haired, obsequious young man, not brilliant but willing, whose chief road to promotion has been playing croquet with the Secretary of State. Prentiss Gilbert Prentiss Gilbert, American con sul at Geneva, Is a practical Joker. During a White House recep tion some years ago, Gilbert strayed down to one of the cor ridors *on the ground floor where he noticed another guest, hold ing his Jaw and obviously In much pain. "Is there anything I can do for you?” Gilbert asked. “I am a dentist and I bought I might be of assistance.” The anguish on the stranger’s face gave way to a look of piteous hope. Following Gilbert’s direc tions, he sat down under one of the White House potted palms and opened his mouth wide. “A little wider please,” in structed the American consul in' . Geneva. “There I see the trou ble. I believe I can Just about fix that—at least until to-mor row. But you will have to wait here until I get my bag. It’s in the car outside.” Gilbert was about to leave his distraught patient, sitting mouth •wide open. Indefinitely, while he went for a mythical medicine bag. But suddenly Mrs. Gilbert appeared. She broke up the dental clinic immediately. In Bad There Is a lot of significant eye-brow raising In the Inner cir cle In the direction of General Hugh S. Johnson. The turbulent ex-cavalryman’s repeated slamming of monetary and relief policies — points on which the New Dealers are par ticularly sensitive—has aroused administration resentment. Even the President displayed interest in the matter. During his trip across country he re marked to members of his en tourage that he could not un derstand Johnson’s hostile at titude. But not all of Johnson’s brick batting has been public. Only a few White House In timates know it, but Johnson took a wallop at the President In con nection with his San Diego Ex position visit. Johnson Day t The Exposition had set a date for a Johnson Day. But due to last minute changes In the Presi dent’s schedule this date coincid ed with the day Roosevelt would DFF THE RECORD The expedition officials got Johnson on the telephone, asked-him to postpoen his ap pearance. This Johnson flatly refused. He Insisted that the program go through as scheduled. taught in an embarrassing dilemma, the Exposition auth orities finally compromised by announcing a Roosevelt-John son day. The President spoke at noon and Johnson at night Various explanations are whis pered to account for the ex-Blue Eagle chief’s attitude. •One is that he reflects the view of Barney Baruch, who It Is . claimed Is peeved at the Presi dent for Ignoring him on the neutrality legislation question. Another Is that Johnson Is sore because he did not get appointed counsel of Federal Communica tion Commission’s A. T. <b T. in vestigation. FINALLY THERE IS THE RE PORT THAT JOHNSON HAR BORS SECRET PRESIDENTIAL AMBITIONS FOR 1940. MERRY-GO-ROUND Former President Herbert Hoover took no chances that east ern newspapers would miss his re cent speech blasting New Deal spending policies. Full text of the address was airmailed to sev eral hundred Washington corres pondents at a cost of 18 cents postage per envelope . . . Mel vin Ryder, one of the editors of The Stars and Stripes, famous A. E. F. paper, is holding down a similar Job on Happy Days, of ficial organ of the CCC .... Charles W. Eliot, 2nd, executive secretary of the National Re sources Board, is preparing to issue three important studies in the near future. They will cover state planning, interstate regula tion problems, and the division of costs of public works . . . One potato grower brought visual evi dence of his plight to the recent hearing on the potato control act. The farmer, T. Merle Hoyt, had an enlarged photograph of him self standing knee deep In a Maine potato field. Underneath was writetn: “These spds cost $8, 000 to grow yet present market prices will not yield half that , amount.” (Copyright, 1935, by United Fea ture Syndicate, Inc.) A Book a Day Book Shows Flaws in Popular Ideas About Red Men BY BRUCE CATTON Everybody knows all about tlj American Indian. He lived in tepee, took scalps, wore trail feather head-dresses, wor shipp Gltche Manitou, the mighty, an was a tall, lean, hawk-nosed lnd vidual who talked little, neval laughed, and endured pain wlthoq a whimper. That’s the sort of knowledge all have about the original Ameij cans—and most of it is wrong. ‘‘Our Indians,” by A. Hyatt Ve rill, is a very interesting which undertakes' to correct son of our misconceptions. Mr. Ver reveals: That many Indians, includii some of the most famous trlb never built tepees at all, but llvd in solid, permanent, frame housq That a majority of the tribes not take scalps—until they got tlj idea from the white men. That the average Indian was a| to be short, squat, slightly stoop and rather bandy-legged; that was extremely loquacious and sessed a ready sense of humor; an that if he sat down on a hornet would Jump as high and yell loudly as the most effervesce^ white man. That the habit jof torturing prt| oners was far from universal, witj many tribes—including most of tlj plains Indians—eschewing it eq tirely. Mr. Verrill, in short, shows there was rather more diversl( among American peoples in lnd days than there is now. He written an excellent book, and Indian lore Interests you at you’ll enjoy it deeply. Published by Putnam, “Our dlan8” sells for $2.50. We are producing a generation young people with a 12-year-old ui derstandlng of life. Youth tak food, clothing, shelter, educate ar.d pocket money for granted. W. P. Tolley, president, Alleghe College. By Ed Rec D ‘Search me—what day it lei Since Ma started bathing T ttsfsss tnuMVt"