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The Waterbury Democrat. [volume] (Waterbury, Conn.) 1917-1946, May 15, 1942, Image 6

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Haferfrotu Hcraocral
1 . Established 1881 4
Published Every Evening Except Sundays
anil Holidays by
Democrat Building, Waterbury, Conn.
Subscription Rates Payable in Advance
One Year. .110.00 Six Months.86.20
Three Months.. .8 2.60 One Month. 80c
Member of Audit Bureau of Circulation
The Democrat will not return manuscript sent
in for publication unless accompanied by postage.
No attention paid anonymous communications.
. ... ■ •
Dial 4-2121
All Departments
FRIDAY, MAY 15, 1942
A Thought for Today
I will not leave you comfortless: I will come
8a you,—John 14:18.
* • •
Oreat souls by Instinct to each other turn,
demand alliance, and In friendship t irn.—
Dial 4-2121
All Department*
Renting Problems
As yet the full impact of the OPA
ceiling on housing rentals has not been
felt here in Waterbury or elsewhere for
that matter. The 60-day grace period
during which landlords are supposed to
be making the changes necessary to con
form to the regulations won’t be up until
June 1. Ey that time in the Waterbury
defense area, which, incidentally, in
cludes not only Waterbury and environs,
but a number of towns in New Haven
County and all Litchfield County, dwell
ing rentals are supposed to have been
brought to levels in existence on April
1, 1941.
It is this establishment of a retroac
tive date for many sections of the coun
try which apparently does not set too
well with many realtors. They believe
that the ceiling date should be the same
for the nation at large. On the other
hand the. Office of Price Administration
claims that definite areas, such as Water
bury, showed distinct evidence a year
ago of increased activity among land
lords in raising rents due to increasing
living costs. Rents are like other com
modities in following the trend of the
We don’t think the demand for but
one rent ceiling date will be heard by
OPA. The administration of price ceil
ings, whether they be rents or foodstuffs
or household commodities, is apparently
slowly but surely swinging into action.
It Is a tremendous undertaking, but once
functioning will very likely be the most
effective curb on inflation that could
mechanically be brought to bear and
endured by those whom it will affect.
Don’t Get Caught
War time restrictions are apt to be
; binding. But this country is in fortunate
position of not having to fight off in
■ vaders which would certainly make con
ditions a whole lot worse than they
•appear to most of us right now. Gas
I rationing is going to be difficult to
. accept, because the automobile has be
■ come an important factor in our every
! day life. Many an economic program is
; based on the family car. Now this pro
■ gram has to be changed to conform to
; an entirely new form of living.
Whether the present methods of ra
; tioning gasoline to car owners will prove
satisfactory certainly will be determined
! in the six week trial period ending July
; 1. After that it may be necessary to
curtail gasoline sales still further or it
may be possible to relax the regulations.
We won’t know about that until the test
period has been passed through and offi
cials can determine how existing sup
glies of petroleum have been affected or
ow the transportation problem is faring.
Righ now there is a tendency to get
all the gasoline that can be obtained.
Common sense should dictate caution and
prudence in this, though. If everyone
continues to use his or her car just as
generally as they have in the past ration
ing rules will become more stringent.
We’ve got to conserve as such gasoline
as possible. Any motorist can do this
in a dozen different ways. It may involve
less driving and more walking or use of
public vehicles, but if so the sacrifice is
well made. The point is all must make
some sacrifice, even though their position
may seem the most important in the en
tire defense set-up.
Every Bit Will Help
It is safe to say that Henry Morgen
thau could not win a popularity contest
with the lower income levels as jury, since
he has proposed to cut income tax ex
emptions to drag another seven millions
under the umbrella. Nevertheless, his
. recommendation has much merit. There
are at least two major reasons why we
should extend universal service to the tax
. field as far as possible.
; First, there is no better way to impress
* upon every man and his wife that this
I really is their country and their govern
J ment. Most, t,axes are hidden in the retail
J prices of commodities we buy. We don't
* notice them. Nobody mentions how much
' cheaper each item would be if it weren’t
taxed. As a nation we have thought of
the financing of government as a loaves
and-flshes miracle. Nobody paid, we
supposed, except a few rich and near
Therefore we felt — and many still
feel — that economy in government is
a fetish of plutocrats. Why should we
try to buy ships, tanks and planes
cheaply, Just to relieve some millionaire
of a fittle tax burden? Let him pay. Sup
pose higher pay scales, with stiff over
time provisions, make war equipment cost
more? Isn’t it merely transferring so
much from corporation stockholders, who
don’t need the money, to workmen who
Why worry because the federal gov
’ era men', almost 1,700,000
employes, at the rate of more than a
Smarter of a billion dollars a month, ex
usive of soldiers, sailors, WPA, NY A,
CCC. The answer comes when the New
Deal secretary of the treasury asks to
have income taxes brought down to every
unmarried person who earns $11.60 a
week, every family which receives $23.20
a week. Second, and this is what Secre
tary Morgenthau had in mind, there is
the “inflationary gap” estimated at some
20 billion dollars for next year which, if
not absorbed, will cause high prices in
spite of our ceiling program.
Most of this 20 billions will come from
increased war production. A sixth will
be made available by the fact we cannot
buy everything we want, for which we
have money. The best available studies
indicate that our lowest income classes—
the people who never have had money
enough to buy more than a subsistence—
ti. -? $3,000 and under families — are
going to find, when they go to the stores,
that they will have two billion dollars
in 1942 they can't spend. The tax col
lector won’t get much from these new
comers, but every little will help to fi
nance the war, to make everybody tax
conscious, and to reduce the margin of
idle dollars available to promote infla
tion. , .
On God’s Side
Carl Byoir, who was our second man
during the first World War in the pro
duction of American propaganda, caught
something that slipped by most of us in
a simple remark made by Joe Louis when
the Negro champion explained how he
knew this country .would win World War
II. '“We are going to win because we
are on God’s side,” said the fighter.
And the psychology behind that form
of expression, Byoir points out in a poem
in the current issue of Collier’s Maga
zine, is the essential difference between
fascism and democracy. “We are going
to win,” says Hitler, “because God is on
our side.” To which Joe Louis, who isn’t
so inarticulate as he once seemed, retorts
simply that America will win “because
we are on God’s side.”
Protective Custody
The most encouraging thing about the
British seizure of Madagascar is that we
took the initiative. Germany will, of
course, use the incident in her attempt to
induce complete French collaboration.
Actually, every Frenchman knows that
if we had not acted, the Japs would have
taken over.
This is total war. We have stood on cer
emony long enough. We wish the French
could be fighting on our side. Since they
can’t, we and they will have to make the
best of the situation.
Everywhere fire officials are issuing
warning to car owners not to be tempted
into hoarding gasoline in their homes
or garages. It’s easy enough to believe
that you can enjoy a nice trip to the
shore or the mountains once a week if
you’re able to carry along with you suffi
cient gasoline to insure a safe round trip.
However, no trip is safe if you have to
bring along gasoline in containers to
amplify that in the gasoline tank of the
car. Nor is it safe to store gasoline in
containers in your home or garage in
quantities exceeding a gallon. It’s a
fire hazard of the worst sort, far worse
than illegal storage of fuel oil on back
porches. Too much caution can t be
exercised by motorists during the gas
rationing period. Better to forego all
the driving you’d like to do than to be
come a victim of a gasoline explosion or
ensuing fire. And not only that but you
may be endangering the lives of count
less innocent persons by your desire to
circumvent the regulations.
Not only the nation’s doctors are now
in great demand in service, but there is
crying need of many more dentists. By
1944 if the war is still going strong, then
at least 20 per cent of the dentists will be
needed to care for our men in the many
branches of the service. That means that
the number of dentists to take caie of
the civilian population will show a sharp
decline. All of which proves that when
you start to build up an army to battle
against mighty foreign aggressors you ve
got to go at it whole-hog or not at all.
All ranks, professional as well, will be
depleted of manpower to win this ngm
for the U. S. A. _
Commissioners in charge of the Mer
itt Parkway are going ahead with their
Ians for a picnic area in the Stamford
action of the route. It probably will be
pened this summer. But that’s about as
ir as the commission will go in all°w
ig use of the right of way. There 11 be
o concessionaires along the roadway as
11 such applications are promptly turned
own, and only a limited number of
asoline stations are allowed. _
Selected Poem
mass blackout
(Elizabeth Jane Astley in the Christian
Science Monitor)
Through the shallow moonlight
The spasmodic drill
Of a siren whistle
Penetrates the still,
Throwing up a mountain
To stand off men and men
So neither shall be witness
To the other then,
When multitudes of street lights
In the lap of town
Drop without reluctance
Into blackened ground.
And wardens like Orion
And dogs like Birius
On the south sky’s margin
Are watching over us,
And who but moles among us
Would bury In the dust
When heaven's starry banner
PObws flag-Uke over us.
But You
Can’t Kill A
Washington Rumor
(Waterbury Democrat Washington
Washington legends are legion
and a corollary to that cliche is
that apochryphal stories, fairy tales,
wartime rumors and asserted plain
and fancy lies die harder In your
nations capuui
than anywhere
else outside the
gossip marts of
Hollywood and
cafe society.
Give a good gal
a bad name and
any other mud
6lung In her di
rection will stick
to enhance her
111 repute, and
all the press
agentry and
cosmetic white
wash in the
world are re
quired to re
store even a semblance of the pre
smear purity. The same thing goes
for men In public life. A correc
tion never quite catches up with the
original version, and two recent In
cidents In Washington have strik
ingly emphasized this maxim.
The first concerns Jesse Jones,
secretary of commerce. Six months
ago he unquestionably was one of
the two or three most Important
men In Washington. Then some of
the Jones-made defense contracts
for aluminum and rubber and oth
er war supplies were criticized and
the people within the administra
tion who didn’t like Jones built a
lot of bonfires under the Jones seat
of power.
When the President transferred
some of the federal mortgage ac
tivities Into the new National
Housing Agency in an effort to cen
tralize the woefully scattered and
frightfully inefficient housing pro
gram, the anti-Jones clique set up
a yell that Jones was repudiated.
When the Jones title of Federal
Loan Administrator was abolished
and the agencies in that set-up were
transferred to the Department of
Commerce, the cry was raised that
Jones was through.
When a presidential order gave
the Board of Economic Warfare
the power to Issue directives to
these loan agencies, the shout arose
that Jones was busted and the in*
ference was that he should resign.
Well, Jesse is still doing business
at the same old stands, only more
of it. He still controls his check
books and this matter of issuing
directives turns out to be nothing
more than the power to work with
the Jones agencies and tell them to
finance operations in places and
situations they haven’t been work
ing before.
As a matter of fact, the Board
of Economic Warfare had to take
a little setback when Secretary of
State Cordell Hull returned from
vacation and forced a showdown on
the principle that if deals were to
ce made with foreign governments,
the State Department would have
:o approve them and make them.
Even then the full story didn’t
come out. BEW had to take the
•ap of this chiseling in on State
Department functions, but others
vere equally guilty. Among them,
he Office of the Petroleum Co
ordinator—the Hon. Harold L. Ickes
—which had vast ambitions of run
ning the world's oil supply and
Ireamed of sending out diplomatic
missions of its own to do it. The
dap BEW took in public really was
lelivered behind the scenes to
The second case of a Washington
egend never quite-catching up with
itself concerns Lowell Mellett, di
rector of the Office of Govern
ment Reports. Early in the de
fense effort, a slick paper magazine
printed a piece to the effect that
Mellett was to be chief tensor, min
ister of propaganda, the George
Sreel of the present war. All the
ienials that Mellett has made never
save removed from him this brand
»nd stigma of an American Goeb
Currently, Office of Government
ports has moved into a new In
•matlon Center in downtown
jshlngton, and everyone is dis
verlng it is a great thing. At the
iter big oval bar, actual, positive
swers are dished out to all sorts
impossible questions about the
Dusands of facets of the wartime
pital. Yet in the inception and
lldlng of this center, Mellett was
bjected to a merciless barrage
brickbats, including the old one
it this was to be headquarters
• the ministry of propaganda.
Pfeom the beginning, Mellett has
ilrted he doesn’t want that Job,
doesn’t believe in censorship or
opaganda. he does believe in ®
■e press and free constructive
Itlclsm of government, even
3ugh it admits personal panning
the President, to whom he is
leneely, devotedly loyal. In spite
all this, Mellett’s name is still
•ntloned as a likely prospect for
e Job of over-all boss of the gov
nment’s information and censor
ip setupe. He’ll never live it down,
r legends and rumors simply can’t
killed In Washington.
Current Comment
his is to be a long war, we
now face the fact that we
>e confronted v • h *n overall,
wide labor shortage.
I V. McNutt, chairman of War
ipower Commission.
r leans like democracy well
x to light for It any time and
time a new mob of interna
racketeers wants to take it
nd change It for us,—William
t, of War Production Board.
• • «
tg people are freed by war
5 on adult responsibilities for
they are unprepared.
Paul L. Schroeder, head of
ago Institute for Juvenile Re
fhurch abhors and condemn*
_We Haven’t Got It So Tough
Washington Merry-Go-Round mL/Vw!
Russia Ignored Hull's Warning 3 Weeks Before German Attack;
U. S. War Production Is Swinging Along with a Mighty Stride;
But a Few Dollar-a-Year Men Still Handicap All-Out -Effort;
Nelson's One Weakness Is His Reluctance to Clean Them Out
WASHINGTON, May 15. — Secretary of St' e Hull, who has a mountaineer’s long
memory, keeps in the drawer of his desk a clipi- ng from the Russian newspaper
Pravda, which about a year ago said some very uncomplimentary things about him.
Secretary Hull sometimes takes the clipping out of the drawer and shows it to friends.
■ Last June," he says, "I asked
Sumner Welles to se the Russian
ambassador, Mr. Oumansky to
warn his government that Ger
many was going to attack Rus
sia. This was almost a month be
fore the attack, and we had very
reliable Information, that Hitler
was going to turn against his
"Several days afterward, this
appeared In the paper."
Whereupon Mr. Hull exhibits a
translation of the Pravda article
with the headline: "Senile Capi
alist Stirs Trouble Between Rus
sia and Germany."
About three weeks later the
Russian-German war started.
"Why didn’t you talk to Am
bassador Oumansky yourself?”
one friend asked Mr. Hull.
‘I did not like that man,”
was his prompt reply.
NOTE — Many others agreed
with Secretary Hull about exAm
bassador Oumansky, so much so
that Stalin recalled him. His
successor, Ambassador Lltvinoff, Is
highly popular.
Governor Dan Moody of Texas
telephoned from < Austin to a
Roosevelt cabinet member In
Washington asking whether Texas
rumors were true that the Ad
ministration would support Judge
Jimmy Allred for governor against
Senator “Pappy" O’Daniel.. The
cabinet member told Moody that
officially the White House would
keep hands off, but gave him a
pointed hint that it would have
been much better to have one
candidate—Allred—in. the field
against O'Daniel, Instead of both
Moody and Allred. (Roosevelt al
ways has been a strong Allred
rooter, will continue to be.)
Oen. Stanley Emblck of the
Joint Army-Navy Board has been
a good enough sport to admit to
Alaskan officials: “I was against
the Alaskan highway last October
but I admit I was wrong."
The over-all picture on the
war production front continues
to be cheering. Industry and
labor are doing a great Job. In
April, the output of war supplies
hit a level which, if maintained
the rest of the year, will reach the
stupendous volume, in terms of
money, of $40,000,000,000.
This is very good news, Indeed.
It marks a tremendous change
from OPM days only a few months
back. Yet, privately, WPB in
siders are shouting no hurrahs.
They feel strongly that the
rite of production should be much
g eater. Also that it would be
U-eater, except for one factor:
Donald Nelson’s failure to housc
clean his staff of certain key dol
lar-a-year assistants who are still
thinking in terms of business in
terests first.
These men are charged with
sole responsibility for a number
of serious bottlenecks—Including
lags in the flow of raw ma
terials, scrap collection, plant
conversion, and the integration
of thousands of little plants,
with vast producing potentiali
ties, into the war program.
NOTE — WPB chiefs long un
der fire on these grounds are
Philip Reed, head of the Bureau
of Industries Branches, W. H.
Harrison, director of the Produc
tion Division; Lessipg Rosen
wald, in charge of scrap collec
tions; and C. H. Mattleson, Priori
ties chief.
These vital weaknesses in the
production program are nothing
new. They were at the bottom of
the tragic failure of OPM.
What is new is that after five
months of war and heavy U. S.
losses, these fallings have not been
remedied and the men largely
responsible for them remain in
For example: After the ex
plosive resignation from WPB
of Robert Guthrie, Kentucky
business man, because of the
"business as usual" attitude of
high WPB officials, an order
was belatedly issued to halt ra
dio production on April U. That
was three weeks age, but radio
, sets are still being turned eat
in large numbers.
After the stop order was issued
with a fanfare of publicity, the
order was quitly modified without
any publicity, to permit the pro
duction of an additional 400,000
radio sets.
Similarly, the typewriter in
dustry, which ceuld be <
ed In a' few weeks te
Ing large guantities of -
ately needed airplane parte, Is
still permitted te roll along In
kigh gear making typewriters.
There are many ether eaess ef
It I» iraamimne fee sw e atl 1 tthd. tIU|*
Dig rcwiurcCT in umv■■■■■!»$
te rials and laber going te waete
in thle manner,
NOTE—Hundreds of typewriters
are lying idle In government of
fices; plenty of them right in
Nelson’s failure to plug up the
left spots In his staff isdue to his
ance to fire people, a t
shares with the President.
tive ability, thinks fast and clear
ly, and knows his Job thoroughly.
He Is broad-gauged, has liberal
views on social and economic
problems, and has the capacity to
win and hold the loyalty of those
around him.
But, like the President, Nel
son can’t be ruthless when it
comes to getting rid of inade
quate assistants.
The President's staff, cabinet
and Administration are clut
_ tured up with proven incompe
tents and misfits, but he keeps
them on and Nelson is guilty of
the same soft-heartedness.
Nelson might well follow the
example of Price Administrator
Leon Henderson and Lt. Gen. Bre
hon Somervell, chief of the Army's
Service of Supply. If an assistant
doesn’t measure up, they fire him
regardless of personal relations
or feelings. That’s why they have
the ablest staffs In the war or
ganization and the reputation for
always delivering the goods.
NOTE — The five best execu
tives under Nelson are William
Batt, director of the Materials Di
vision; Douglas C. MacKeachle,
Purchasing chief; Robert Nathan,
head of the Planning Division;
Frank Folsom and A. J. Browning,
deputy purchasing directors as
signed to the Army and Navy.
(Copyright, 1942, by United
Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
People come to resemble the sur
roundings amid which they live and
work. The miner very often stoops
because his work takes him through
tunnels with low ceilings. On the
outer nanu, men
■who live their
lives where the
plains are broad
and the moun
tains high, stand
very straight and
often throw baclc
their heads with
freedom and with
something of
pride. Emerson
once remarked
that he had
noticed tnat men wnose outies are
performed beneath great domes
acquire a stately and appropriate
manner. The vergers in cathedrals
have a certain dignity about them.
Princes of royal blood generally
carry themselves In a way which
Indicates their exalted station.
All this Is particularly true in
the realm of faith. People who
are truly religious disclose their
nearness to Ood In all that they do,
say, and think. They frequently
have a dignified bearing or a peace
ful countenance which indicates that
the fierce conflict between right and
wrong In their hearts has resulted
in a triumph of the higher over the
lower. They are the descendants of
those who have fought the good
fight of faith in generations past.
They are heirs of Ood and joint
heirs with Christ. They have gone
through crucifixion and have broken
the power of sin.
True Christians are like the people
Emerson spoke about, who because
their duties are performed beneath
great domes, acquire a stately and
appropriate manner.
All Rights Reserved—
Press Comment
(Boston Post)
The thousands of school teachers
who we doing such a remarkable Job
In registering the population of New
England for sugar rationing certain
ly earned the thanks of the public.
With no extra compensation they are
giving many hours of their time for
this Important work, which Is a tir
ing task for them. In the rush to
register many persons may not have
had time to thank adequately these
teachers for their public service. But
all appreciate most sincerely their
spirit In taking over this Important
task for Uncle Sam and the fine way
in which they are handling It.
(New York Sun)
Poland, the first nation to feel the
impact of Nazi armed might, still
fights on and fights effectively The
recent transfer to the Near East of
Polish armed forces released from
their interment In Russia by the
Nazi attack on that nation directed
attention to a part of the Polish ef
fort. Nearly a month ago Polish
flyers based in Oreat Britain scored
their five hunddedth success against
the enemy These five hundred vie
tories represent confirmed destruc
tions of enemy planes; in addition
many others are recorded as prob
ably destroyed or damaged. Polish
flyers have taken part in nearly
2,00 bombing raids against enemy
or enemy-held territory. The figures
speak for themselves. Those who
fight for Poland now will not for
get the score that they have to even
and Answers
The ffiUftnr Democrat’s Ber
free, eny question of feet or to
fsrmaUon, net Involving exten
sive research. Write year ques
tion clearly, sign name and ad
dress, enclose • three cent postage
■tamp. Medical or legal advice
cannot be given. Address. Water*
bury Democrat’s Washington Ser
vice Bureau, ISM* Thirteenth
Street, Washington, D. C.
Q. What Is the malce and model
rifle used In the Japanese Army? '
A. The 1905 model Arisaka,
which fires a .256 caliber cartridge,
is used most Widely.
q. How long are new recruits of
the Canadian Army trained before
they are sent into active service?
A. The training lasts approxi
mately 18 weeks from the time of
enlistment until the conclusion of
Instruction at an advanced train
ing center.
Few locutions are more absurd
than the commonly heard
expression "I seldom ever see
him.” Ever serves no purpose
whatsoever and should he
Q. What Is the Mother’s Day
paraphrase of the Golden Rule?
A. "Whatsoever ye would that
others should do for your Mother
If she were In need, and whatsoever
your Mother would do for the needy
If she had the opportunity, do In
Her name and In Her Honor for
other Mothers and their children,
victims of the wars In Europe and
Asia, or present-day maladjust
ments in our own land.”
Q. Please give the area and pop
ulation of New Zealand.
A. The two principal islands are
North Island, 44,281 sq. ml. and
South Island, 58,092 sq. ml. The to
tal area, Including Stewart Island
and several small, outlying ones is
103,722 sq, ml. The population of
more than 1,600,000 is composed
chiefly of persons of British and
Irish descent, one third of whom
are In the cities of Auckland, Well
ington and Christ church.
Q. What percentage of the homes
in the united States are occupied
by their owners?
A. The first Census of Housing
ever taken in the United States
shows that as of April 1, 1940, near
ly 44 percent of all __ homes were
Q. What and where are the Ang
kor Wat ruins?
A. They are ruins of a temple,
located in the ancient city of Cam
bodia, more correctly known as
Angkor Thom, the capital of the
Rhymer kings, Indo-Clilna. The
temple Angkor Wat was built In the
twelfth century. It Is a rectangular
pyramid rising In three stages, en
closed by ft wall and moat. Elabo
rate bas-reliefs dealing with relig
ious, historical, and mythological
subjects cover the walls, which are
merely rectilinear galleries set on
open terraces. A preclptlous stair
way leads to the holy sanctuary
dedicated to Vishnu, under the cen
tral tower at the top of the temple.
A model of Angkor Wat stands In
the palace grounds at Bangkok,
Q. What was the first use of
published questions and answers In
A. "Notes and Queries,” a weekly
periodical for literary criticism and
information, started by W. J. Thom
as In 1849.
Q. Where and when did Billy
Sunday die, and what caused his
A. He died In Chicago, November
6, 1935. Death was caused by an
enlarged heart as the result of ex
ertions on the revival platform.
EDITOR’S NOTE—If you are
desirous of securing this week’s
booklet, “GROWING ROSES”, ad
dress F. M. Kirby, Department 8
100, Waterbury Democrat Service
Bureau, 1013 Thirteenth Street,
Washington, D. C, with 15 cents to
cover postage.
What’* Your I. Q.?
Can you answer seven of
these test questions? Turn to
back page for the answers.
1. Jan Ahtonio Rios was recently
Inaugurated president of Argen
tina, Chile, or Paraguay?
2. Paris, Prance, Is In the Nasi
occupied zone; true or false?
3. Name the capital of New
4. In which country did Pearl
Buck spend her childhood?
5. Give the simplest formula for
finding the total surface area of a
6. Selma Lagerlof was a Swedish
author, singer or actress?
7. Who presided at the CIO con
vention in Atlantio City, N. J>, in
November, 1940?
8. Did Alexander the Great reach
India with his army?
9. Where was the Liberty Bell
cast? .
10. Who Is the so-called czar of
the motion picture Industry?

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