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Colder Tonight Fall Faf« I m&tt&t Home, Final Edit Late Sport News Late News Flashes (FabllthtT Brtfy Imlv at M Grand Btratt, Watartmry. Kntarad at ltn-4 Cteaa Offlet at Waterbary. Cobb. Under tho Act of March S. lt?» ESTABLISHED 1881 VOL. LXU, NO. 292 WATERBURY, CONNECTICUT, MONDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1944 SIXTEEN PAGES PRICE 4 Yamashita Line On Leyte Disorganized ByAmericanForces BY WILLIAM B. DICKINSON (United Free* War Correspondent) Allied Headquarters, Philippines, December 18. — (UP) — The liberation of the Philippines gained momentum today with American forces driving 12 miles inland on newly-invaded Mindoro with 130 miles of Manila and split ting the Yamashita line on Leyte into three disorganized segments in a powerful offensive. (Radio Tokyo said an American fleet of “considerable strength” had been sighted in the Sulu Sea south of Mindoro and speculated that another Amphibious landing was in prospect, perhaps on Luzon, site of Manila and Gen eral Douglas Mac Arthur’s ultimate objective in the Philippines.) American and Australian Engine ers on Mindoro already were rushing repairs to capture San Jose airfield and building new air strips on what Gen. Douglas MacArthur called “ec cellent sites” to cover the next phase of the Philippines campaign. Japanese resistance, both in the air aiiQ on the ground, continued negligible. Apparently paralyzed by the day and night raids on their Philippines airdromes by American carrier and land-based planes, the Japanese were ble to get few air craft off the ground and most of those were shot down. American patrol planes strafed and set afire a coasta1 vessel and twc small freighters off the north east coast and damaged a third freighter off the east coast, but there was no oflfcial indication whether these were engaged in re inforcing the Mindoro garrison. Oa Leyte, some 300 miles south east of Mindoro, American forces brought the final annihilation of 20,000 to 25,000 Japanese trapped in the northwest corner of the island within sight with a series of surprise attacks from the south and east. The 77th division swung west of the battleline above Cogon, a mile and a half north of Ormoc, and ad vanced seven miles In a wide flank ing movement to within two miles from Valencia, headquarters of Lt. Gen. Sosaku Suzuki, commander of the 35th Japanese army, and his staff. Leyte’s San Jose, two miles south west of Valencia, and Tlplo, a mile and a half south, were believed to have been captured in the advance. Simultaneously, the first cavalry division thrust hard from heights near Mt. Catabaran and either reached or almost reached the Or moc road from the east at a point six miles north of Valencia, again cutting the Yamashita line. The first cavalry and 77th division were eight miles fro mone another. The 32nd division, meantime, con tinued Its march south along the Ormoc corridor and apparently was only about two miles north of the first cavalry division. Captured in the advance were several light tanks, 105 and 75-millimeter guns, mor tars, heavy and light machineguns and much ammunition. More than 2.013 enemy dead were found abandoned on the battlefield in the wake of the three-way ad vance three-way advance. The Increasing enemy casualties, coupled with the double breaching of the Yamashita line, indicated that the Japanese were becoming disorganized and were cracking un (Continued on Page 4) Adjournment Facing Delay BY JOHN L. CUTTER United Press Staff Correspondent Washington, Dec. 18. (UP)—Con gressional plans for adjournment were threatened with still further delay today by the New Deal re volt against President Roosevelt’s six new appointments to high state department office. Leaders of both houses, anxious to conclude the 78th Congress in time for a generous Christmas holi day, now have set their sights on day after tomorrow. The controversy centered about Mr. Roosevelt’s nomination of Jos eph C. Grew to be undersecretary of state and William L. Clayton, Archibald MacLeish, Nelson A. Rockefeller, James C. Dunn and Brig. Gen. Julius C. Holmes to be assistant secretaries. Inspiring the revolt were, ironical ly, three of the most outspoken New Dealers in the senate—Sens. Claude ’ Pepper, D„ Fla.; James E. Murray, D., Mont.; and Joseph F. Guffey, D., Pa. The senate’s lone Progressive, Sen. Robert M. Lafollette of Wis consin, joined them in the move to send the nominations back to the White House with a plea for Mr. Roosevelt to reconsider them. Anticipating defeat, Pepper and Guffey were prepared to conduct a (Continued on Page 4) Mow Only The an hear'* Drawing nigh. Five days left - In which*e buy’ British Take 4 Points In South Athens BT JAMES E. KOPEK (United Press War Correspondent) Athens, Dec. 18.—(UP)—British troops captured four rebel strong points In central and southern Athens and cleared the road to Piraeus against slight resistance to day, but ELAS forces in northeast Athens stormed RAF headquarters and a political prison. Some 600 ELAS sunpporters, sup ported by 75-milllmeter guns and mortars, attacked buildings in the RAF compound, but anu RAF regi ment and British troops at last reports still were in control. Other strong ELAS forces at 3 a. m. attacked Averow prison, in which John Rallis, one of the prime min tion, and someo f his cabinet were isters during the German occupa tion, and some of his cabinet were held in protective custody. The pris on was defended by British troops and Greek soldiers and police, and the battle apparently still was going on at mid-morning. The British failed even to draw a shot in the first hours of their pre dawn offensive from Central Athens and Piraeus. By 9 a. m. sporadic rifle fire and the chatter of ma chine-guns were echoing across mist-hidden Athens, but resistance nowwhere was on the scale of last week. The light opposition touched off speculation that the bulk of the ELAS may have evacuated Athens and Piraeus, but later news of the rebel attack in northeast Athens tended to squelch such rumors. Moderate optimism persisted that peace can be arranged soon m the cavil war, which already has caused thousands of casualties in the past two weeks. A new complication arose, how (Continued on Page 4) Waif Found In Basket Everett. Mass., December 18. — (UP) — A fedically-discharged vet eran of World War n pleaded guilty to an abandonment charge when ar raigned today in the case of a three-weeks-old who was found in a basket in the corridor of an Ever ett apartment house December 10. The defendant, Levi VaiUancourt, 25, was released in $2,000 bail in Malden district court pending dis position Wednesday. Meanwhile, his 19-year-old wife, Violet, and the foundling's mother, Mrs. Stella Clark, 23, were held at Old Town, Me., for arraignment there tomorrow. Mrs. Vaillancourt and Mrs. Clark, whose soldier hus band has been overseas for more than a year, were charged with aid ing the abandonment. The chubby, golden-haired baby boy, nicknamed Skipper, continued to thrive at Whidden Memorial Hos pital here where, police said, Mrs. Clark gave birth to hime November 27. Police quoted Vaillancourt as say ing he took the child on pretense of finding a home for him two weeks after his birth. Vaillancourt said that Mrs. Clark, his sister, ‘ just cried” when she learned that he had abandoned the infant. No fewer than 65 families have offered to adopt Skipper, and their requests will be considered by state authorities. Victims Of Police Gunfire In Athens iisjC/A leiepiiutu; Angry ELAS sympathizer! raise clenched fists and strident voices in protest against Athens police whoss gunfire has claimed two of their comrades as victims. Bodies of a man and woman shot daring clashes with the military arm of the EAM (Na tional liberation Front) lie at the curb. Bank St. Causes 3-Hour Fire $20,000 Damage Zukauskas Asks Trial By Court Francis Zukauskas, former local policeman who faces a first degree murder charge in the slaying of Mrs. Stephanie Plungis, has changed hfe mind about haviong jury trial, and will ask for a court hearing when he is brought here during the January criminal term. His defense counsel, Public De fender Edward T. Carmody and At torney W. W. Gager, are expected to give official confirmation of the report shortly. Zukauskas on Nov. 22 pleaded not guilty to the first' degree murder charge and at that time selected a trial by jury. Rumors had been cir culating ever since that the accused may prefer to fight the charge, which carries the death penalty on a finding of guilty, before judges rather than 12 laymen. It has been indicated Judge Frank P. McEvoy, who has been assigned here for the winter term, will defin itely be assigned as one of the judges to hear the case .when Zu kauskas puts in a formal change of election to a court trial. Reports are that the other judges will be ones assigned to serve nearby during the winter term, with Judge John H. King, assigned for Willimantlc for January, and Judge Howard Alcorn, who is scheduled to sit in Litchfield in January, reported as possible se lections for the trial. SOME MAKE-UP KIT! South Dartmouth, Mass., Dec. 18 _(UP)_Here's what may have been America's earliest make-up kit: Beside the 500-year-old skeleton of an Indian found under a dwel ling here was a clam shell contain ing a small mass of war paint that regained dlstrint red, yellow, green and blue hues -"hen exposed to air. GOP’s Meet Soon To Plan Strategy For 1946Elections BY CHARLES DEGGES (United Press Staff Correspondent) Washington, Dec. 18.—(UP)—Sen. Robert A. Taft, R., O., said today Republican Congressional leaders would confer “sometime soon’ — probably right after the new year— with Gov. Thomas E. Dewey and Herbert Brownell, Jr., Republican national chairman, on party plans plans for 1946 and 1948. Taft’s disclosure came as Sen. Kenneth S. Wherry, R., Neb., pre pared for the national committee a 13-point reorganization plan call ing for a full-time, four-year na tional chairman, and a party struc down to the precinct posed by 16 years of Democratic ad ministrations. It was uncertain whether Brownell would continue as chairman, but he has made it plain that if he does, he will prefer to head a country wide party organization and not Just a Dewey machine with its eyes on the 1948 presidential election. Taft said the coming Republican conferences, to be held in New York would be attended by both senators and House members. Brownell was reported to have sent invitations to Taft, Wherry and Sen. Arthur H. Vandenberg, R., Michigan, and others. Reports of an impending re juvenation of the GOP have been current since the election but were confirmed only last week. Some senators said that Dewey, despite Fire in a building at 99-103 Bank street, in the heart of downtown Waterbury this morning wrought damage estimated at between $20, 000 and $25,000 and caused lower Bank street to be closed to traffic for nearly three hours. A model railroad, valued at between $5,000 and $6,000 in the third floor of the building was com pletely destroyed. Three stores on the ground floor. Garston’s Cloth ing, Inc., The Miles Shoe Co., on Bank street, and Engleman’s Chil dren’s Wear on the South Main street side, suffered severe damage from smoke, water and rubble, in spite of numerous protective tar paulins laid by firemen. The office of CIO Local 252, Brassworkers, on the third floor of the building was considerably damaged1, causing the union to transfer its headquarters to the Jones Morgan building across the street. The office of Abe Frost, window cleaner, on the second floor was burned out, and some mer chandise of the tnree stores, and of Worth’s, next door, stocked on the fourth floor, suffered smoke damage. The fire was discovered shortly after 7:30 a. m. by Officer Michael Karpelman, who saw smoke eman ating from the third floor of the building while patroling his beat. He turned in an alarm which brought Engines 1. 2, 3, 4, 10, Trucks 1 and 3, the booster and the emergency wagon to the scene. Firemen ran a hydrant line up the (Continued on Page 4) New Assault On Cologne London, Dec. 18 — (U.P.) — Five American heavy bombers attacked rail yards at Cologne Colblenz, Mainz and elsewhere in western Germany today and many other large formations of Allied bombers flew out over the Channel apparent ly for new assaults on the Nazi com munication lines behind the front. The raids followed a heavy three pronged night assault by more than 1,300 RAF heavy bombers which crashed an estimated 5,750 tons of explosives on Duisburg. Munich and Ulm, all high priority transport centers supplying the German armies on the western front. In the attack on key points on a 100-mile stretch from Cologne to Mainz, the four-enginer U. S. bomb ers were accompanied by more than 600 Mustangs but the big formation failed to stir up any enemy aerial opposition. Despite adverse weather which continued over the front, the Amer ican pilots planted their bombs through instruments squarely on the sprawling railway supply system leading to German fighting lines. U. S. IN ACCORD Washington, Dec. 18—(UP)—Hie United States in a statement of pol icy on Poland today said it would have no objection to settlement of the Polish-Russian boundary dis pute before the end of the war “if t mutual agreement is reached by the United Nations directly dbn War Expense Cut Made In FDR's Budget Washington, Dec. 18. (UP)— President Roosevelt’s budget for the 1946 fiscal year will call for a sharp cut in war spending on the assump tion the war in Europe will be over before that fiscal period ends on June 30, 1946, it was learned today. Informed quarters said the new budget, which Mr. Roosevelt will present to the 79th Congress next month, is expected to call for about $78,800,000,000 in war expenditures, or nearly $10,000,000,000 less than apportioned for the current fiscal year. The overall total of the new budget, it was said, will run around $90,000,000,000 as against $100,000, 000,000 planned for the current period. If federal revenues remain un changed during the next fiscal year, such a budget would leave a deficit of about $43,300,000,000 compared with this year’s revised estimate of $53,366,000,000. Treasury officials are not expected to seek any im portant changes in tax schedules next year. The cutback in war spending is indicated in reduced shipbuilding needs, greatly curtailed construction of war plants and reduced training programs. Some of these savings will be offset by such items as increased costs for mustering out service per sonnel, greater outlays under the G.I. bill of right sand higher in terest on the public debt. The over all reduction over the current fiscal year, however, is still expected to be substantial. Trust Fund In Keck Will The bulk of the estate of the late Michael Keck co-proprietor of the famed Drescher and Keck Restau rant here is bequeathed to his daugh ter Mrs. Emma Keck O’Leary ac cording to the will filed today in the office of Probate Judge Patrick Healey. Under terms of the document Mr. Keck sets up a trust fund of $7,500 in the name of Mrs. OXeary for the care and maintenance and eventual burial expenses of another daugh ter, Lena Kck. Should the latter die before Mrs. OXeary the remaindr of the amount in trust "shall become Emma Keck O’Leary’s. Should the latter prede cease Miss Keck the unexpended amount is bequeathed to grand chil dren. The terms of the will cite that other than the trust fund the rest of the residue and remainder of the estate is bequeathed to Mrs. OXeary. The latter likewise was named ex ecutrix and trustee, and the will was dated Pebruarfy 9. 1943. Mid Punch Through To Belgi And Luxembourg Uncheck Along 70-Mile Fluid Fron Superforts Hit Nagoya And Hankow BY FRED SCHERFF (United Press Staff Correspondent) Washington, De«. 18.—(UP)— Two fleets of superfortresses hit Nagoya, Janan’s biggest aircraft manufacturing center, and Hankow, one of her main supply bases in China, in twin raids yesterday, the War Departmnet announced, and Tokyo said 70 of the B-29s returned for another attack on Nagoya today. There was a possibility that the Nagoya raids reported by Washing ton and Tokyo kere the same. The War Department said the raid it announced was made Sunday. Jap anese broadcasts said the city was attacked “after 1 p. m. Japanese time, which would be after midnight Eastern War Time on Monday. But the uncertainties of thet ime ele ment could not be clarified beyond question. The raids on Nagoya were the second and, if confirmed by Wash ington, third in a week on Japan’s third largest city, 165 miles west of Tokyo and home of the im portant Mitsubishi aircraft works and other high priority war fac tories. Approximately 100 B-29s from Saipan were believed to have par ticipated in yesterday’s attack, hurl ing hundreds of tons of demolition and fire bombs on the teeming Honshu island metropolis, while an equalyl-large force from China hit Hankow. Tokyo failed to confirm either of yesterday’s attacks, but broadcast an imperial headquarters com munique reporting that "some 70” of the big four-enginer raiders had raided the Nagoya area today, caus ing “slight damage”. Att be same time, the communique said, “a small number of planes” invaded the Kinkl area, but “fled without dropping any bombs.” The Kinki area includes Osaka, Ja pan’s biggest industrial center, Nara, Wakayama, Gifu and Fukui, all in south central Honshu. Though the communique made no claim that any planes had been shot down, it said “an investigation of war results is under way.” Another Tokyo broadcast said Japanese planes and anti-aircraft units were giving a “hot reception” to several formations of B-29s over Kyshu, just southwest of Honshu, but it was possibly referring to some of the formations which later at tacked Honshu targets. (Continued on Page 4) Landing On Luzon Seen BY UNITED PRESS Tokyo said today that an Amer ican Fleet of “considerable strength” had been sighted in the Sulu Sea South of Invaded Min doro Island in the Philippines and speculated that another amphibious landing was in prospect, perhaps on Luzon. “The enemy is apparently plan ning to move into other areas, using Mindoro Island as a base,’ the Do me! Agency said in a Tokyo broad cast recorded by the FCC. “The apparent design of the enemy to advance his operational sphere to the Northwestern Philippines is not to be taken lightly.’ Significantly, the only sizeable Philippines Island north of Mindo ro is Luzon, site of the capital city of Manila and ultimate objective of Gen. Douglas MacArthurs invasion of the Archipelago. The Domei dispatch said Japanese planes were carrying out “continu ous assaults” on the American Fleet Of Mindoro itself, Tokyo said only that a “fierce battle’ was in pro gress. Tokyo broadcast similar reports of the sighting of an American Fleet just prior to the American landing on Mindoro Friday. Radio Tokyo also claimed today that the waters near the American beachhead on Mindoro were “cov ered with the wreckage of sunken American warships and transorts. Bride and Groom —NEA Telephoto Actress Veronica Lake and movie director Andre de Toth smilingly pose for their wedding picture. Ceremony was held in Hollywood. Thomas Plans Inquiry Into War Shortage By ELEANOR PACKARD (United Press War Correspondent) Fifth Army Headquarters in Italy, Dec. 18.—(UP)—Rep. J. Parnell Thomas, of New Jersey, ranking Re publican member of the house mili tary affairs committee, told the United Press today he plans to lead an investigation into what he de scribed as six icminently critical shortages on the western front. Following a tour of the Italian war front with other junketing con gressmen, Thomas said two of these shortages directly affected the pro gress of the war, two were threat ening increased casualties and the other two affected morale. Under the first classification he listed what he said was a growing shortage of heavy ammunition and rubber tires- Insufficient hospital ships and whole blood for trans fusions, he said, were threatening increased casualties, while shortages of cigarets, chaplains and supplies were classified as major morale fac tors. Thomas said there was plenty of blood plasma, but that whole blood was scarce because it lasts only four to five days and must be trans ported by plane. The Italian thea ter, he added, was not suffering from these shortages anywhere near the same degree as the western front. Describing the Italian terrain as “terrific,” Rep. Overton Brooks, D, La., said it was his belief the Fifth Army should have more heavy artil lery—particularly 240-mm. guns— because "these mountain defenses of rock formations can’t be battered down except with the heaviest guns.” At a press conference last night after a tour of the front area, the congressmen agreed that the home front had no conception of the dif ficulties encountered by American forces in Italy, particularly the mountainous terrain. Several of them blamed censor ship for giving an over-optimistic picture of the Italian situation, causing the people of the United States to believe the war would be over much sooner than is possible. "After seeing these troops in the field, we are reserving our criticism (Continued on Page 4) Capital Cocktail Parties Do Lady New Dealers No Good BY FBEDERICK OTHMAN United Press Staff Correspondent Washington, Dec. 18—(UP)—Let us consider today, before we all get hangovers, the capital cocktail party and its effect on Congress men. It doesn’t do lady New Dealers any good, either; you should have seen one of ’em the other after noon lapping up Scotch and almost making away, by mistake, with an other female’s mink. Hie lawmak er’s though, are the babies who have to watch out. Washington cocktail parties come in three varities. s Number one is the pay-as-you-enter (usually $3) soiree, called to say goodbye to somebody who has been fired, pro moted, transferred, or moved down second-grade hotel, where the management contracts to provide four drinks each, plus potato chips, for everybody who plunks down his three simoleons. Since some people take tomato juice and some take nothing many a guest get’s a big (3 worth and a Congressman is reasonably safe; at least nobody forces him to consume any of that stuff with alcohol in It. The number two party is the (me with the caviar in the main dining room, the bonded whisky and the champagne; thrown by an oil company, airline, railroad, or manufacturer of alpenstocks. Every thing is on the house at this brawl, BY JAMES McGLINCY (United Press War Paris, December 18.—(UP) — The heaviest German counter-offensive of the west ern campaign, coordinated with a savage V-bomb bar rage, rolled unchecked through the American First Army lines to a depth of sev eral miles today, punching through into Belgium and Luxembourg at three or more points along a fluid, 70-mile battlefront. Later field dispatches indi cated the Americans were riding the German blow and putting up increasingly-stiff resistance as the initial shock of the attack passed. First Army spokesmen, admitting the gravity of the Nazi push, said counter-measures already were being taken to seal off the enemy penetra tions. A strict security blackout permit ted only the sketchiest details of the enemy advance, but it was evi dent that in the nrst 48 hours of their offensive the Nazi gains were being measured in miles at many points. A headquarters communique said the German onslaught was mount ing in weight and fury as the high command hurled into battle crack infantry and armored re serves that aparcntly had been drawn from the Wehrmacht’s care fully-hoarded strategic reserve. The communique reported one German spearhead had plunged across the border Into Belgium near Honsfeld, 2 1-2 miles inside the frontier and about 20 miles south of Monschau. A second crossed Luxembourg some 32 miles south below the border town Vianden, 14 miles south of the i man-Belgian - Luxembourg be triangle. A third was inside Luxem bourg south of Echtemacht, 1® 1-1 miles south-southeast of Vianden. Paratroopers Nabbed Unconfirmed reports said the counter - offensive was spreading north to the U. S. Ninth Army front on the edge of the Cologne plain, and the communique ac knowledged that some enemy para« troops had been rounded up behind the Ninth Army lines yesterday. As the Germans made their big push, the American Third and Sev enth Armies to the south continued their grinding advance into the Siegfried line fortifications guard ing the Saar Valley and the Rhine Oer (Continue^ on Page 4) Reds Near Budaoest . 1 BY BRUCE W. MUNN (United Press Staff Correspondent) London, Dec. 18.—(UP)—The bat tle for Budapest flared up with re newed violence today as Red Army troops rammed a narrow wedge through one of the enemy’s north east defense lines within five mile* of the capital. Far to the northeast, other Soviet forces closed rapidly on the Hun garian-Slovak frontier in a multi pronged drive that trapped thou sands of Germans in the Bukka mountains and poised a new threat to the Slovak railway center of 1 sa (Kosice). Word of the new Soviet through in the Budapest area as Nazi military spokesmen bosating that their stiff deicxux> had forced the Russians to “call off” the assault on the city. A Moscow communique shock troops of Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky’s second Ukrainian army cracked the center of a sev en-mile highway line running from Alag to Bolnoka Hill on the north eastern aproaches to Budapest.;^ The Russian captured Fot, five and one-half miles northeast of 1 city, and Mogyorod, little more 1 a mile farther to the southeast, i flanking the Nazi hinge positions i Alag and Bolnoka Hill. The Germans abandoned dreds of their dead on the i and at nightfall yesterday were 1 ing back slowly on Pest, hard for every yard of ground. (Continued on Page 4) CAN YOU SING SOPRANO? N.