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The Waterbury Democrat. [volume] (Waterbury, Conn.) 1917-1946, December 19, 1944, Image 1

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-—_L Late Sport News
' Fall Weather Report^Page 8 Late NcWS Flashes
(Published Every Brenln* at U Grand Street. Waterbary. Waterbary. Conn. Coder the Ae» of March t. Mil)
ESTABLISHED 1881 VOL. LXII, NO. 293 «@»1 WATERBURY, CONNECTICUT, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1944 SIXTEEN PAGES PRICE 4 CENTS _ |
W C BELIEVES
SITUATION D
GREECE BETTER
BY PHIL AULT
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
London, December 19. —
(UP) — Prime Minister
Winston Churchill admitted
to the House of Commons
that his policies in Greece
and other European coun
tries have caused “very seri
ous concern” within England
but flatly refused to debate
them at this time because of
the “great battle” raging on
the western front.
Churchill told the querul
ous house that he recognized
he faced sharp division of
public opinion on his pro
gram toward the liberated
nations of Europe which had
produced “heart searchings
and sharp criticism.”
Nonetheless, despite sharp ques
tions, particularly from Laborite
members, Churchill declined to be
drawn into extended debate and
postponed full dress discussion of
these matters at least until mid
January when parliament will re
convene after the Christmas recess.
In his brief statement Churchill
said:
"As to'the very serious concern
in the country there is, of course,
a sharp division of opinion not only
on affairs in Greece but in other
countries and that division natural
ly causes heart searchings and sharp
criticism but I don’t know that
this would be allayed by debate.”
Though he stubbornly rejected all
demands for a commons review of
the Greek situation and the progress
of the German counter-offensive in
the west before the Christmas re
cess, there remained a possibility
that he might make a world radio
broadcast on the subjects before
the house re-convenes Jan. 16.
He also agreed to limited debate
of the Greek question on an ad
journment motion Thursday.
Churchill appeared weary and his
mumbled replies to a Laborite bar
rage of questions regarding Greece
at times were hardly audible in
the crowded house. The oratorical
fire he had flashed while defend
ing his government twice previously
in the past 11 days was missing.
"A great battle is proceeding
now,” he said in revealing his de
cision to postpone the strong state
ment he was known to have been
considering. "I should certainly
(Continued on Page 4)
FDR Returns
From South
By MERRIMAN SMITH
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, Dec. 19—(UP)—Pres
ident Roosevelt, tanned and rested
from his rigorous fourth term cam
paign, returned to the Wh’te House
today after a three-week vacation
at Warm Springs, Ga., to deal with
serious diplomatic, military and do
mestic problems.
Although he kept up with his pa
per work on a daily basis while rest
ing at the “Little White House" on
the Warm Springs Foundation, Mr.
Roosevelt came home to a wide as
sortment of official tasks—a compli
cated foreign affair, situation, fur
therance of plans for a meeting of
the "big three,” completion of the
administration’s program for the
new Congress, final drafting of the
government’s new financial budget,
and his Jan. 20 inauguration.
Mr. Roosevelt left Washington
Nov. 27 and reached Warm Sprins
the next day. He left the Georgia
spa, famous for the after-treatment
of polio patients, on Dec. 17, stopped
yesterday to Inspect the 107,000-acre
Marine Corps training base at Camp
Lejeune, I'. C„ and arrived here at
8:30 a. m. (EWT) today.
(This was the first public dis
closure of Mr. Roosevelt’s where
abouts for the last three weeks. He
was accompanied on his trip by cor
respondents for thv three press as
sociations.)
Problems competing for the presi
drnt’s immediate attention includ
ed:
1. Hie military reverses on the
western front where the Germans
have driven the American First
(Continued on Page 4)
Your days or* numbered-—
Four remain,
Shop today
Como snow or rom*
°"lr cA f J
Tokyo Below
<NEA Telephoto?
This Is the first photo to be taken of a B-29 over the Tokyo district. The ship took off from a Saipan based
area and is shown as it roared at substratosphere height across the Tama River, just west of Tokyo.
Ex-Premier
Among 405
Missing Men
BY JAMES E. ROPER
United Press Staff Correspondent
Athens Dec. 19. (UP)—Former
Premier John Rallis and 404 other
political prisoners who had been
held In Averon prison were "miss
ing” today and presumably In the
hands of Elas forces who captured
the Institution by storm yesterday.
An official announcement said
British and Greek government forces
evacuated Averon prison after Elas
assault units had shot and dyna
mited their way into the two of the
three buildings housing political of
fenders.
Of Its 640 inmates held in pro
tective clujstody or for other politi
cal reasons 405 were described to
day as “missing.”
British authorities last night and
again this morning searched Rallis'
home, but did not find him. A city
wide search for the former premier
was going on. Officials said the Elas
units were believed to be searching
for Rallis “with the object of assas
sination.”
Lt. Gen. Ronald Scobie, comman
der of Allied forces in Greece, an
nounced in a communique that fur
ther progress had been made In
clearing areas astride hte road be
tween Athens and the Faliron bay
area below Piraeus.
British forces consolidating posi
tions along the road cleaned out. 200
to 600 yards on either side, and
military sources sonsidered the line
secure.
“The British garrison in Averon
prison, which was attackd eyester
day. has been successfully with
drawn together with some political
prisoners,” Scobie’s communique
said.
Officials said the prison held 475
men, 135. women and 30 children.
Most were alleged collaborationsits,
but a few were criminal prisoners,
Including Elas members. The British
now held only 205 males and 30 fe
males, the remainder having escaped
or fallen into Elas hands.
(Continued on Page 4)
Night Senate
Parley Looms
By JOHN L CUTTER
(United Press Staff Corespondent)
Washington, Dec. 19 — (U.P.) —
Administration leaders called the
senate into session an hour earlier
than usual today and planned a
night session if necessary to reach a
vote on six top State Department
nominations.
Confirmation of President Roose
velt’s six nominees was virtually all
that stood in the path of adjourn
ment and Christmas at home for
members of the 78th Congress. Ma
jority senitment in the senate ap
peared to favor prompt confirma
tion. But a vote aws prevented by
the determination of a small group
to stall action in the hope that
President Roosevelt would recon
sider his selections.
Three senators who usually are
among the President’s most consist
ent suporters—Claude Pepper, D.,
Fla., Joseph F. Guffey, D., Pa., and
James E. Murray, D., Mont., —
launched a full dress foreign policy
debate which some senators con
sidered nothing less than a filibus
ter.
Acting Democratic Leader Lister
Hill, D., Ala., and Senator Tom
Connally, D., Tex., whose foreign
relations committee has approved
the nominees, arranged to keep the
senate in session late into the night
Catholic Schools
Close Tomorrow
Local Catholic parochial
grammar schools, Notre Dame
Academy, Sacred Heart high
school and the Waterbary
Catholic high school will be
closed tomorrow In tribute to
the late Most Bee. Maurice F.
McAuliffe, Bishop of Hartford
whose funeral will be held to
morrow morning.
Flags will be hung at half
mast throughout the city as
requested by Governor Ray
mond E. Baldwin.
Mercury May
Drop To Zero
Here Tonight
Clearing and cold weather is pre
dicted for this afternoon, with the
mercury scheduled to drop towards
the zero mark tonight, in the wake
of the season’s heaviest snowstorm
which covered downtown Water
bury to a depth of ten inches.
Supt. of Streets Herbert Scott
Smith reported that all the city’s
main thoroughfares were passable
this morning as all available snow
ploys and trucks worked through
the night.
Highways out of the city are re
ported passable although inter-city
busses have been running from a
half hour to forty-five minutes late.
One serious accident and numer
ous minor collisions resulted from
the storm. Anatoie Pilon, 34, 60
Washington street, suffered a possi
ble back fracture, and Mrs. Rose
Fernandez, 28, 28 York street, sus
tained a fractured forearm and
possible internal Injuries when the
car in which they were riding early
this morning skidded and collided
with a truck on Meriden road.
Pilon was reported on the danger list
at St. Mary’s hospital this morn
ing.
The CR&L bus lines reported no
interruptions to service although
most busses were running late, and
the subsequent overcrowding caused
many busses to pass stops without
picking up passengers. The Water
ville line had to be rerouted through
Thomaston avenue.
The Connecticut Light and Power
reported no interruption of service.
Five street department trucks
were used last night to sand and
cinder Long Hill road, Walnut street
North Main street, Chase Parkway,
West Side Hill, Robbins street, and
other dangerous spots. The depart
ment was somewhat handicapped by
lack of manpower, Superintendent
Scott-Smith reported.
A car driven by Anna Kelly, 7
Vine street, skidded across Long Hill
road into an Iron fence shortly after
10:30 last night, but the driver es
caped Injury, Motor Patrolman
James Sweeney said.
Two persons were admitted to
hospitals after falls on the street.
Mrs. Elfle Slocum, 787 Cooke street,
suffered a fractured wrist when she
fell while on her way to work at
Scovill’s early this morning, and
was admitted to Waterbury hospital.
Mrs. Mary Piazza, 56 Irion street,
suffered a fractured left leg in a
fall and was admitted to St. Mary’s
hospital.
Local schols in general remained
opened today despite the severity of
the storm. Abbott school was closed
during the morning with the possi
bility of its being reopened during
the afternoon. Officials stated today
that if the storm continued factory
whistles would bo blown tomorrow
morning at 7:30 a. m. signalizing the
closing of public ffohfKA1*
Navy Officer
Indicted On
Fraud Count
Washington, Dec. 19 — (UP.) —
Attorney General Francis Biddle to
day disclosed that a Federal Grand
Jury in New York had indicted two
corporations and four of their prin
cipal executives on charges of con
spiring to defraud the government in
connection with production of Navy
Ordnance and the Norden bomb
sight.
Two indictments charging illegal
conspiracy were returned against
the defendants all of whom are from
New York.
Named in one indictment were:
Corrigan, Osbum and Wells, Inc
industrial engineers.
Commander John D. Corrigan,
USNR, and Robert H. Wells, co
owners of the entire voting stock of
the corporation.
Carl L. Norden, Inc,, manufactur
ers of the Norden bombsight.
Theodore H. Barth, president, and
Ward B. Marvelle, vice president,
who control the business and poli
cies of the Norden Company.
Biddle said Carl L. Norden, in
ventor of the bombsight and former
president of the Norden Company,
was not involved in the alleged con
spiracies. Norden no longer is con
nected with the Norden Company.
The second indictment was direct
ed only at Corrigan, Osburn and
Wells, Inc., Commander Corrigan
and Wells.
It alleged that since March 10,
1942, the three defendants had “un
lawfully, feloniously, wilfully and
knowingly” conspired to deprive the
government of its right to the “con
scientious faithful, disinterested,
and unbiased judgment and deter
mination of action by the Navy De
partment and its officers, free from
corruption, partially, improper in
fluence, bias, dishonesty and fraud.”
Corrigan was suspended by the
Navy Department, pending inquiry,
in June, 1944, following hearings by
the Senate War Investigation Com
mittee. Biddle said the alleged con
spiracies have been under investiga
tion by a special grand jury in New
York since June 12, 1944.
BONG GETS 40th
Allied Headquarters, Leyte, Dec.
19—(UP)—Maj. Richard Bong of
Poplar, Wis., No. 1 Anglo-American
ace of World War n, shot down
his 40th Japanese plane yesterday
over Mindoro, it was announced
today.
REDS INSIDE
BUDAPEST IN
BLOODY FIGHT
BY BRUCE W. MUNN
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
London, December 19. —
(UP) — Moscow reported
today that the Budapest
Vienna railway, the last
practical escape route for the
garrison of the beleaguered
Hungarian capital, had been
brought under Russian artil
lery fire.
A Soviet broadcast said the
Jaws of the Red Army pincers
clamped on Budapest were
only 15 miles apart, and the
corridor between them was
swept by shellfire, partially
sealing off the German and
Hungarian troops in the city.
“Budapest already has lost Its
military and economic importance
for the Wehrmacht, and has become
an untenable, cut off outpost," a
Moscow radio report said.
“The only railway left to Vienna
is exposed to constant air attacks,
and it is already under Soviet artil
lery Are.”
Dispatches from Moscow said that
bad weather and stiffened resistance
along new defense lines had slowed
down the Hungarian campaign.
After their long advance, the Rus
sians now were up against defenses
in which the Germans were prepar
ed to make considerable sacrifices to
prevent a Soviet break into Austria,
they said.
Two Red Army columns advanced
into southern Slovakia on a broad
front and converged on Kassa
(Kosice) in a drive to eliminate the
narrow German salient separating
the Russians in Hungary and Po
land.
Powerful German defenses along
the mountainous Slovak-Hungarlan
border cracked wide open under the
Soviet attack and Moscow dis
patches said Russian tanks and in
fantrymen were punching rapidly
northward at a number of points on
the 68-mile invasion front.
Simultaneously, the French radio
network broadcast a dubious report
that the Red Army had broken into
Budapest and locked in hand-to
hand battle with the Axis garrison.
The reports, which were viewed with
considerable reserve in military
(Continued on Page 4)
Fear Spreads
Thru Belgium
BY WALTER CRONKITE
(United Press War Correspondent)
Brussels, Dec. 19.—(UP)—The
German counter-offensive spread
alarm through Belgium today and
Fernand De Many, national Inde
pendence Front leader, offered to
remobilize the disbanded resistance
forces to hulp fight the Germans.
De Many made his offer in a let
ter to Maj. Gen. George Erskine,
chief of the Allied military mis
sion to Belgium, but Erskine was
expected to reply that Army forces
were capable of handling the situ
ation.
Newspapers detailing the enemy’s
progress in eastern Belgium sold out
quickly. Occasional fist fights broke
out around newstands as customers
scrambled for copies.
Rumors circulated freely through
Christmas shopping crowds in Brus
sels.
Growing with each successive etil
ing, some had the Germans half
way along the 80-mile corridor be
tween Brussels and the German
border.
In offices, ordinarily conservative
businessmen concluding! conversa
tions with “if” regarding a Ger
man re-entry of Brussels.
Continuing robot bomb attacks
added to the tension. Americans
who tried to calm their Belgain
friends were told:
“It’s all right for you to be
calm, but don’t forget we lived with
those people for four years. We do
not want them back.”
Local Clergymen To Assist
At Bishop’s Funeral Mass
Former Waterury Catholic clergy
men will play a prominent part
in the pontifical Mass tomorrow
morning at St. Joseph’s Cathedral,
Hartford, for the late Bishop of
Connecticut, Most Rev. Maurice F.
McAuliffe.
Rev. Thomas P. Mulcahy, former
pastor of St. Peter & Paul's church,
Waterbuiy, and now pastor of St.
Augustine’s church, Hartford', and
Rev. Walter S. Sieracki, former
curate of St. Stanislaus’ church,
this city, and now assistant at St.
Cyril and Methodius church, Hart
ford will act as deacon and acolyte,
respectively. Rev. Edward O.
Zibell of St. Mary’s church, Meri
den, a native of Waterbuiy, will be
book bearer.
Rev. Richard Ooshiag & D„
Archbishop of Boston, will preside
" ~ -- with the
A solemn Mass was conducted
at the church of the Immaculate
Conception here this morning at
tended by the students of Water
bury Catholic High School, Notre
Dame Convent and St. Mary’s
parochial school. Other similar
services and special memorial cele
brations have been onducted In all
Roman Catholic churches through
out the city.
Archbishop John O. Murray, for
merly at Waterbury, will deliver
the eulogy at tomorrow’s Cathedral
services with two other former
Waterbury natives assisting In
giving final absolution, namely,
Most Rev. Matthew F. Brady,
Bishop-Elect of Manchester, N. H„
and Most Rev. Joseph E. McCarthy,
Bishop of Portland, Maine. Others
—i^-f vm include, Most Rsv.
Francis F. Keough, Bishop of
Providence, R X, and Most Rev.
Nazis Counterattack
(NEA Telephoto)
Map shows where heavy Ger
man counteroffensives rolled un
checked through the American 1st
Army lines at several points along
a 70-mile battlefront, driving the
Tanks back five miles in Belgium
and bringing the Nazis within
10 miles of the capital of Luxem
bourg.
Zukauskas
Appears In
Court Today
Appearing before Judge Robert A.
Munger In Superior Court this
morning Francis Zukauskas, former
local policeman, faced with a first
degree murder charge in the slaying
of Mrs. Stephanie Plungls, when
asked by Clerk James McKnight
how he elected to be tried spoke the
one word, “court.”
Thus the alleged murderer will
likely face three jurists when his
trial opens the first of next year
during the January session.
Zukauskas appeared calm and in
god health during his brief visit at
the court and remained with his
wife in the prisoner’s pen preceding
his trial. His wife attractively dress
ed in leopard skin coat and hat,
with a sprig of holly on her lapel,
remained in deep conversation with
her husband during the proceedings
with both displaying sincere interest
in each other’s conversation.
Zukauskas was presented by his
atorney, Edward Carmody and ap
peared before the judge for just the
brief moment. When asked by Clerk
McKnight if he wished to choose his
mbethod of trial the defendant sim
ply nodded his head.
When asked by the clerk how he
elected to be tried, he merely spoke
the one word: “Court.”
States Attorney William B. Fitz
gerald cited the number of the case,
as listed for the January session,
naming it as "State versus Francis
Zukauskas, charged with minder.”
The defendant was brought today
from the New Haven County Jail
by Sheriffs A1 Francis and Bernard
Blick and was handcuffed up to his
entrance into the court-room. As
stated be appeared calm and unx
cited and convrsed mainly with his
wife, the latter an attractive, styl
ishly dressed person.
Zukauskas was returned to the
New Haven Jail about an hour fol
lowing the trial.
M-W Co.
Ups Wages
Detroit, Dec. 19—(UP)—Mont
gomery Ward & Company an
nounced to Detroit area employes
today that it is complying with a
War Labor Board directive to in
crease minimum wages.
R. W. Rosevear, Detroit area
manager, said the new minimum
basic wage scale should be 46 cents
an hour, and that retroactive pay
would be given employes.
The new wage rates represent an
increase of approximately five cents
an hour for most employes.
Rosevear declined to discuss
weather the firm now was recon
sidering its stand against obeying
otheT WLB directives, including
contract clauses covering union
maintenance of membership, sen
iority and arbitration. He referred
all queries to the company's head
quarters at Chicago.
Union leaders said the strike
would continue until full compli
ance with WLB directives is grant
ed.
Notices of the action were dis
tributed to employes as they en
tered the firm’s four retail stores,
where union members have been on
strike more than a week, through
bolstered picket lines.
Addressed to “Montgomery Ward
people In Detroit," the printed forms
Fight To Stem Big
Counter-Offensive
Now In Full Swing
BY JAMES McGUNCY
(United Pres* War Correspondent)
Paris, December 19. — (UP) — Massed American
tanks, guns and men moved up today to meet German
armored columns striking more than 20 miles into Belgium,
and a front dispatch said Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodge**
First Army lines “appeared to be stabilizing” along tbt
northern half of the 70-mile defensive front.
The British radio said the battle to stem the big conn* J
ter-offensive of Marshal Gerd Von Rundstedt “is now in ^
full swing.”
United Press Correspondent Jack Frankish, with Flxsfe
Army Forces, said reports were circulating that the German
advance in Belgium had been slowed to a snail’s pace if not M
completely stopped.
U. S. Forts
Hit Omura
From China
BY FRED SCHERFF
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, Dec. 19—(UP)—Chi
na-based superfortresses rejoined
the mounting American aerial of
fensive against the Japanese home
land today, striking in medium
force at the war production center
of Omura.
The raid came only 24 hours after
other B-29s from Saipan kindled
wires visible for 70 miles in the im
portant Kokukl plant of the Mitsu
bishi aircraft works at Nagoya, 425
miles to the northeast, yesterday.
Tokyo said two or three super
fortresses from China flew over the
Yamagudi prefecture area and the
Sooban area. The former covers
the southern tip of Honshu, and the
latter Includes the Kokura-Yawa
ta district of northern Kyushu. The
planes did not drop any bombs and
“fled” after interception by Jap-*
anese air defense units, Tokyo re
ported.
The War Department Identified
the targets hit by the China-based
20th bomber command today only
as ‘‘industrial” installations on
Kyushu, southernmost of the ene
my’s home islands, but Tokyo con
ceded that Omura had been
bombed.
Thirty to 40 B-29s participated in
the attack, Tokyo said, but caused
only "slight” damage.
Omura, 600 miles southwest of
Tokyo, lies in Western Kyushu and
has bai bombed four times previ
ously, the last Nov. 21. Aircraft
plants were attacked three times
and a chemical works once.
After the Nov. 21 raid, the 20th
bomber command shifted its atten
tion from Japan proper to Man
churia, occupied China and Thail
and.
Brig. Gen. Haywood S. Hans ell,
commander of the 21st bomber
command, told War Correspondents
at the BA29 base on Saipan that
yesterday’s attack on Nagoya caused
“clearly extensive damage” to the
Kokuki plant.
(Contnlued on Page 3)
Forts Blunt
Nazi Drive
London, Dec. 19— (DP)—The
United States Eighth Air Force sent
more than 300 flying Fortresses into
the battle to blunt the Nazi offen
sive thrust on the western front
today, blasting road and rail junc
tions in front of the U. S. First
Army front.
The attacks swept the entire area
from Trier opposite the Luxem
bourg front to Gemund at the north
end of the First Army line.
The Fortresses carried out their
attacks with a small escort of
Thunderbolt fighters.
The laylight operations of the
Eighth Air Force followed up simi
lar blows by the RAF during the
night in which the reinforcement
bottlenecks of Munster and Num
ber* were attacked as well as the
last remaining Nazi flleet units at
Gdymla, Poland.
More than 500 planes flew 1,600
miles round trip across Europe to
blast the 12,000-ton Pocket battle
ships Admiral Scheer and Lutzow
and submarines berthed at Gdynia.
The crippled 26,000-ton battleship
Geneisenau also may be at Gdynia.
Pepper Will Drop
Nomination Fight
Washington, Dec. 19—(UP)—Sen.
Claude Pepper, D„ Fla., announced
after a telephone conversation with
President Roosevelt today that be
was going to abandon his fight to
delay senate confirmation of six top
state department nominations.
Pepper said the President told
him that If the Senate failed to act
on the pending nominations in this
session of Congress, the same list
would be forwarded to the new
Congress which meets Jan. 9.
"In view of that fact there is
Rallying from the shock of tnftr <
most stunning setback since games*
lne pass in Tunisia, Hodges’ dough
boys had succeeded in regrouping to
meet the onslaught which oushett
them out of Germany at points aft
a 50-mlle front. Prankish reported.
Low clouds and haze blanketed
a considerable part of the battle
zone, but Allied planes again were
swarming to the attack wherere#
they could find Nan Panzers and to*
fan try.
Grim and tense, the American*
were pouring up Into defensive posi
tions, United Press Correspondent
John McDermott reported from an
other sector of the front, In a {He*
patch which quoted a staff offlcenji*
saying:
“We’ve got pelnty to halt the Ger
mans. It looks like the Jerries wan*
their finish this dlde of the Rhine."
At supreme headquarters It wa*
reported that the Germain
were continuing their
against the U. & first
were lighting harder
American Third and
ktoton Sttftae m_
From Lt Gen. George 6. Patton’s
Third Army front. United Frees Cor*
respondent Robert W. Richards re
ported generally stiffening Nasi re
sistance which virtually perallied
the drive Into the Saarland and tb*
section of Prance manned by Pat
(Continued on Page 4)

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