Newspaper Page Text
':A ' t 'rr
W)cickHa.tcs The. H&ur,of
(Wdal Correspondence. .
sT HB universal celebration of the
1 natal day of the Immortal
I George . Washington, February
A 22, brings forth annually count-
. less anecdotes and bits of his
tory based upon his deeds. From the vast
volume of song and story woven around
the incidents of bis birth, life and death,
it would seem as though every act of his
eventful career and every trinket and bit
of furniture whloh had. ever been in his
' possession are as familiar to the average
American as his pictured features.
3? anions Painting.
Though this is the 181st anniversary: of
his birth, and ; 114 - years have passed
since his death,, there, is sti- wealth f
mtttenai in one -collection - wnicn nas -Deen
mo secludedly treasured that only a small
.proportion or tne people or the land are
aware of its existence. Here. too. mu be
found the only portrait painted from life
wnicn snows the brave commander as
an old man. It is also the only picture. In
existence which is not an idealized por
trayal of the artist's conception of the
cnaracter or me rattier of his country.
Instead of a faithful reproduction of his
This -famous Williams painting, now of
xa.DUious vaiue. and many other relics
and - trinkets, likewise of Intrinsic worth
because of their association with' Wash
ington, are the property of the Alexandria-Washing-ton
Lodge, No. 22, . A. F.
and A. M., at Alexandria, Va.. and line
the walls of its historic council cham
ber, whose very atmosphere is impreg
nated with the stately dignity of the
sreat soldier and craftsman. No.' 22
boast the proud distinction of having
bad George Washington for its first or
charter master, which office he held in
5783, and, after being elected to succeed
nlmself, served in all about twenty
.In 1793 the lodge, by resolution, requested
the general, then President and residing
Jn Philadelphia, to sit for his portrait
After his consent had been obtained the
artist, William Williams of that city,
was commissioned to do the work.'
Mr. Wnilams at one time lived in George
town, t). C, and was presented to Presi
dent Washington by Gen. Henry - Lee
(Lijg-ht Horse Harry Lee), who was- then
the-representative from this district by
request of the lodge. The artist, through
the Influence of the fraternity and Gen
Lee. secured about thirteen sittings, most
,of which were given under more or less
protest, as the Illustrious subject did not
relish the idea of posing.
After a year's work the portrait was
completed and ' accepted by. Washington
m as a true likeness of himself. It was
then scrutinized by a committee of Ma
sons, lifelong friends and associates of
the first President. After mature delib
eration tney signified their satisfaction
-with "it Last Of all, as proof conclusive,
the- family, the most critical of all judges,
. were called upon to sit In Judgment upon
theartdst's - handiwork, and when they.
One of the great
est pieces of min
strel mimicry ever
seen or heard
tive Heflin of Ala
b a m a , who is
tffJMV Zj MA known as the typi
fyTTM I S.Jf'l cal southern ora
tor of the national
Toward the end
of the sessions.
P " when " the' House
and Senate are slt-
ting , up nights to
' get;'- rid - of busU
ness and to ' wait
- , for p r e s i dentlal
. signatures to 'Important bills, the House
demands that Mr. Heflin give bis camp
. meeting-sermon. - -
t lasts for three-quarters of an hour
. and never fails to convulse the. members,
tLS . well as the watchers in the galleries.
It never- appears In the Congressional
. Record, although once the stenographers
took half, of it down before a motion was
presented to dispense with tha - unnrleM
of those hard-working men for tha occa- ;
.Clothes and the .JCan.'. .
. It ,1s doubtful-
"Uncle Joe" Can
non .ever, owned a
alls: ; hat . Nobody
. around - - Washing-
I - ton-remembers see
ing- hlra wear one.
Next to bis cigar,
nothing is quite so
familiar -..to. his
friends as the type
of black soft hat
which he has made
famous. It recalls
an amusing inci
; dent that occurred
.In the old Arling
ton Hotel a few years ago.
Mr.; Cannon strolled, into the place one
evening with - his secretary, L. - White
Buabey. Now. It happened - that Busbey
, was. ways a good deal heavier- on dress
N. "Tambo" in Congress. - I -.: JZLT----T .llll4l A. :F&siA 5 His Point o.Viw,--'
'- ' J i r I r ii j j. j a Mil. - "
I as.: :-., :, jhhsl II .1 i-vX. II .a- II H , ...:!! :- ... '- 'Ln. I . J 1 ! ..- J M Mil JskL2X.'r-rj ! H
1 1 rr- ' i 111' V VA. " - ;i - -
1 ( :.: : - -.-w: Vv ; T. mVHril "VI -t I 11,11 ni AM I .1 W.: :.aT,,
I L- . r".""v.,-- ,r.w:.:.... -.-. ta,; J 7jsiswv4 T7h1t :p .- .PtJT .mF.'NTsL ;l
- ... - .ATa. eJU'Til' ' -t Trr' ' XDr.JlP
too, gave expression of approval, the Por
trait was framed and hung in a. place of
honor in -the- Masonic Hail, where it has
been so -securely guarded all these years.
When -the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania
sought to procure . a good portrait of
Gen. . Washington, Its librarian, Mr.
Julius Saehse. was- commissioned to make
a study, of the various paintings ot him.
witn a view to procuring tne oest liKe
ness. After investigations covering a
period of two years Mr. Saehse selected
the Williams picture as the most correct
and authentic likeness of the general In
existence- The Alexandria lodge gave
Mr. Saehse permission to have the picture-copied,
which was done in oil, and
was subsequently presented to the Penn
sylvania7 lodge by John Wanamaker.
' The Williams'- picture is an entirely dif
ferent 'conception from all other portraits
of Washington, - and, without doubt. Is
the -most true to life. It has the double
distinction of balne- the onlv one ever
made -of him in Masonic regalia and in
old age. In cast and feature it Bome-
wnat resembles the --original uouaon
statue In Richmond. Va. It Is a flesh
colored nastelle. which critics pronounce
of superior aualitv. and for which the
artist -received about 5300. 1 abuious sumaj
have been offered-for It from time to time;
the - United States government" has , even
bid for its ' purchase. Needless to say.
though its valuation is now- beyond uu.-
000, Its Masonic character and the senti
ment of-past associations preclude the
possibilitysof ' its ever being sold.
: 2arked , by iftnaUpox.
.That - portraiture 1 has failed to show us
than hie chief. This particular night he
A man in the .lobby was showing a visi
tor the sights.
"There's Uncle Joe . Cannon," ' he - said,
nudging the stranger. . -"
"You don't tell me," ' exclaimed " the
visitor, looking at Busbey. "Who Is that
old slouch with himT" .
A Zealous Cub.
E. A. To wn send,
r e p r e s e nfative
from New York,
who wrote that, de
licious classic in
- Fadden." went
through . his ' ap
, prentlceship of let
. ters upon :a 'New
,. York. -. newspaper.
' He says he-STOt.the
Into i ration for
.. "Chimmie Fadden"
from -h earing a
newsie : under the
Brooklyn: - bridge
say "Aw, wat fell."
Townsend once received' an assignment
from bis city editor .to get. an, interview
with William K. Vanderbllt on some Im
possible subject The - magnitude . of the
assignment together with the cub report
er's idea of the magnitude of the Vander
bllt millions, made him nervous. He ar
rived at the Vanderbllt' s large .iron-fret
work front gate about dusk, and with his
heart in his mouth went inside and some
how or other found himself ringing "a
doorbell. - The great oaken door opened
slowly, and a portly gentleman In. side
"Good! evening, Mr. Vanderbllt. I came"
up from a newspaper ofllce,"' began the
cub Townsend, "to ask you what you
would do in case war were declared with
l . - " 1 i inssT -XaVsYBB X 11 -VJT i7r A i
IjASONIC RELICS OE ;COJlGE..:SHmQTOTI
the real Washington is the opinion of
writers who studied him after he became
the nation's ruler, it . being maintained
hat his face had an expression which
no painter had ever been able to get.
He is accredited with having admitted
being asleep part of the time he was pos
ing for Peale;and while Gilbert Stuart was
painting the most famous of his portraits
the one that is the accepted Btandard,
and appears in all records and literature
Washington sat with his lips padded with
nittnti in hidn the defects of his mouth
and jaw, due to a badly" fitting set ofJ
false teeth. Stuart in hia writings openiy
commented upon the defects of feature
which his art concealed.
Washington contracted smallpox when
a youth of nineteen, and canrted. the dis
figuring pock marks to his death. His
whole make-up was of majestic propor
tions, and his features were large and
disposed to be somewhat coarse. Stuart
says that his eye socket were the lar
gest he ever saw, and the upper part of
the nose the most broad.
Another portrait which bangs nearby n
the lodge room merits the consideration
of the visitor, - because - of the - identity,
of the original' and his loyalty to the
lnterests of the young .surveyor of his
state.' ,'This was the 'mighty Lord Fair
fax. who owned 6,500,000 acres of-'Virginia
-land,.' which young Washington
helped to subdivide. .
r This -old portrait Is. the,, famous Sir
Joshua Reynolds' . painting . of " Thomas,
sixth Lord Fairfax, Baron of Cameron,
the man to whom more' than any one
else ,: Washington owed.- his - success in
life. From early boyhood until Lis death
Canada " and away he went stringing
out his -question and establishing- a very
firm foundation on which to begin an in
terview. -. .
At the end. the portly gentleman re
marked in a tone that froze all the water
in the surrounding block:
"Mr. Vanderbllt Is h'out ' Hi am the
An Awful One !
his - path is always
seething with news
Paper - men. ' The
are members of
his party are well
trained. They ask
'f ew foolish ques
tions except when
some ... bright new
thinks of . a query
to have them pes
ter Mr. Taft with.
Charles D. Hilles,
secretary, to the President who oftens
intervenes. at such times, has developed
a splendid knack of keeping friendly with
the newspaper men. When the presiden
tial party was at a New York hotel, at
the time of the Duke of Connaught's
sojourn in the United States, a written
query came by bellboy. It had been sent
up by a newspaper man who had, , not
been able to run the gantlet of secret
service men. The message read:
Hon. Charles D. Hilles, Room 144B.
Dear Mr. Hilles: Can jou tell as why the
Duke of Coomujt kt wilt not visit the Prealdent
in Washington ? vry truly yours,
SAitUBL. GREAVES. New York' Uoos.
Mr. Hilles fingered the paper -for a min
ute and then wrote in pencil across the
bottom of the note:
I am imtrj. but I eon naoskt, O. D. H. '
In 1781 Lord Fairfax was his patron and
never-failing friend. This wonderful old
painting of one of the . founders . of the
city of Alexandria, the only one of ' the
famous baron in existence, Is given an
even higher valuation than the Williams
picture by the art critics.
, Saw Washington Die. '
Besides these portraits, the lodge is
rich in relics of Washington's public and
private life, of all descriptions. Here
and there in the collection are. to be
seen articles closely interwoven -with the
early history -of our -nation. ' Of them,
that which claims precedence in atten
tion., and before -which even the most
tndiCferent observer must pause with
reverential.. awe,- Is the; quaint little old
bed-chamber clock that told off the pass
ing, of the - hours 'for " trie regulation of
the daily -schedule - of the duties and
pleasures of the Master " of " Mount Ver
non. Its silent hands hKU point to the
hour and minute when "tne greatest- life
in history" closed its earthly span.
On the death of the general. Dr. Ellsha
iCullen Dick, one of the attending physi
cians and a lifetime friend, cut the pen
dulum cord and stopped the old timepiece
at twenty minutes after 10 p.m., Xecember
14. 1799. - , - - -- -
Later on Mrs. Washington gave: it to
Dr. Dick for the lodge, and for 114 years
this little clock, with its detached pen
dulum standing beside it, has kept a
silent memorial vigil. It is-the only piece
of furniture in existence that ,- belonged
In the bedroom at that time , which has
Burleson of Texas,
who is being picked
by everybody these
days for-one of the
berths, in - Wilson's
cabinet, was, hurrying-
the Capitol . at the
close of a session
the other "day. It
had been a long
session, devoted to
much talk . but to
little else.- Burle
son was out of hu
mor. Also, he was
in a hurry to get home, arid his long legs
were making the ground- fly beneath
Suddenly an old man bobbed up in front
of him, and effectually blocked his way.
"Say," said the . bid man, - "ain't you
Congressman Burleson?" -
"Yes," said tlfe T&an, "what can I do
for you?" '-.
-Thought I recognized your picture,
i-said the old man. "What did. you all do
up there In the Capitol today?"
"Nothing!" barked Burleson. "Abso
Solemnly the old man produced a little
red notebook, and a pencil;
"You say you didn't do nothing?" he
repeated, doubtfully. . , : ; ' . '
"Absolutely nothing," - affirmed ; the
Texan. - v
Solemnly again, the old man made a
long, black mark in his "book. .
"One good day for the people," said he
calmly, and passed on. . ' .
Judge William Waller Rucker, repre
senting the second - Missouri district,
smokes a corncob pipe lnthe cloakrooms.
Representative Frank Nye of Minne
sota is the brother of Bill Nye, -the hu
morist .. .. ."'
Jefferson M. Levy of the thirteenth New
York district Is said to be the only man
in Congress who wears & ten-thousand-dollar
not since been restored to the Mount
By it, also,-stand the original lights of
the lodge, which played a part in the
ceremonies attendant upon the laying of
the corner stones of the District of Colum
bia in 1791, the National Capitol in 1793,
the funeral of Gen. Washington in 1799
and the corner stone of the Washington
monument in 1848.
Another aged and highly prized relic
of national Importance which still par
ticipates both in the great national events
of note and In the annual fraternal me
morial exercises of this venerable asso
ciation Is the tiny silver trowel used by
Gen. Washington, then President of the
United States, when laying the corner
stone of the Capitol September 18, 1793.
This ceremony was conducted by the
Grand Lodge of Maryland, which then
had Jurisdiction over the tract set apart
as the District of Columbia. The Presi
dent was escorted by his own lodge. No.
22, which, upon arriving at the site,
formed a hollow square, through which
the procession filed In reversed order. .
The huge chair which stands In a glass
case in the lodgeroom manifests evi
dence of age and hard service. It was
originally the property of Washington at
Mount Vernon, and when he was wor
shipful ' master of No. 22 he had It
brought up to the lodge for his own per
sonal use. After 117 years of continuous
use in the hall, the splendid old piece be
gan to show signs of age. It has a frame
of mahogany inlaid with white holly, and
is upholstered in leather of so sturdy a
quality that it neither ripped nor broke
until the soulless ourio-seeklng vandal
Bust of Washington Made From Gherry Tree
EVERY American knows the story of
George Washington and the cherry
tree. This is a story of James Sad
den, who lives today and a wild cherry
tree that stood within the lines of old
Fort Necessity in Fayette county. Pa-,
the only place where Washington ever
capitulated to a foe. -
From the stump of this old., tree which
shared better than its kinsman connected
with the hatchet episode. Inasmuch as its
life is believed to have extended consid
erably over a century James Hadden of
Unlontown, Pa., has constructed a bust
of Washington. The unique souvenir, pat
terned after the famous Houdon bust Is
pronounced a remarkable likeness of the
father of his country.
It is especially prized by its maker be
cause, after a careful investigation, Mr.
Hadden has become convinced that the
tree lived during Washington's time and
was probably standing on the day of the,
memorable surrender at Fort Necessity,
July 4, 1754. .
- At all events, the bust made from the
stUmp of this old tree links the past with
v,o nr.QAnt in alnsular fashion. Mr. Had
den spent much time in experimenting
with methods to be used in constructing
the model, nnany nitting upon
that was satisfactory, and completing the
work in the latter part of 1912. . -.
r In constructing the bust he procured a
plaster cast over wnicn a piaster iumh
was formed. Wood taken from the old
stump was reduced to sawdust, this being
made necessary on auuut v.
being hollow. Just enough monolith
Cement was added to cause the sawdust
to adhere and solidify. The plaster cast
was then removed from the matrix and
replaced by the cherry tree wood, thus
producing a replica in the wood.
The bust has been on exhibition in
Unlontown and has called, forth the most
favorable commendations from those who
have inspected it Certificates havje been
obtained by Mr. Hadden from persons
who witnessed the reduction of the old
stump to sawdust and the construction of
the sculpture to prove tne liuuiid
of the memento.
Mr. Hadden's recital of the historical
events connected with the surrender at
Fort Necessity adds a new touch of in
terest to Washington's early military
career, and easily explains why so much
time and labor should have been spent
by him in constructing a bust of the first ,
President of this country from the de
cayed remains of a wild cherry tree.
"Those who are at all conversant with
American history," he states, "are aware
that England based her claim to the new
continent upon discdvery and treaty with
the Indian tribes, and that, while she lay
dormant to her interests, French , ex
plorers established themselves on our I
northern coasts and penetrated the great
.Of Old At
came along to cut and Blash it. -
Then it was incased in glass and
brought forth only on Washington's
birthday. During its active -lifetime it
has held many distinguished men, among
whom may be numbered Gen. Lafay
ette during his visit in 1825, Vice Presi
dent Fairbanks, Admiral Schley, Speaker
Cannon and President Taft, who at
tended the memorial services in 1911, and
who Is the' only President who has par-,
tieipated in these celebrations.
-. The time-honored chair is not the only
reilo brought forth to play a part in the
Masonic ceremonial each year. Washing
ton's Masonic apron, worn by him when
master and at the ceremony at the Capitol
site, was the gift of Gen. Lafayette, and
the handiwork of his talented wife. This
was a gosgeous affair of cream-colored
satin, ' heavily fringed and richly em
broidered in gold, with the French and
American flags entwined, their colors still
retaining some of their old brilliance. In
the center may be seen, a beehive and
a group of fairies. -
This emblem of the craft waa sent to
Washington with the handsome sash In
a pearl-inlaid ebony box, with which it
was presented to- the lodge in 1812 by
Lawrence Lewis, nephew of the general,
and husband of his adopted daughter,
Nellie Custis. Only the most notable
occasions have called the apron Into use
since the death of its' famous owner. Of
course it . and everything pertaining to
Washington were brought forth during
Lafayette's visit, when he was the guest
of the lodge. "
The simple wall cabinet, filled with ap
parently insignificant trifles,, is teeming
Mississippi valley, -establishirrg their forts,
their missions and their trading posts;
planting leaden plats In evidence of their
formal possession of the Ohio valley,
and ejecting every English trader from
the territory. -
"George Washington, who had just at
tained his majority, was commissioned
by Gov. Dinwiddle of Virginia as an en-
V , J Jut
BUST OF WASHINGTON MADE FROM
. ... ..
voy to visit the French posts at the head
of the Alleghany river and demand of
the commandant of the French forces
stationed there his reason for -j the en
croachment upon the territory claimed -by
the English crown and also to demand
his withdrawal. Here Washington was
informed that the French had come to
stay and, further, that they intended to
eject every English trader from the Ohio
valley. - -
'This called lor immediate action upon
t J ft
Original. JLcvdcvf, Room.
with Interest The romance, comedy an ft
tragedy In the life history of this man
are linked together in full measure by the
association 'Of these trinkets. Scarcely a
stage of his life, or an event In his career,
with its .early hardships and privations
and disappointments, but is recalled by
some homely little souvenir. From child
hood to old age, as son, lover, husband,
citizen, soldier, statesman and friendohls
life is Intimately revealed to the student
of history by these aged, time-worn,
Here may be seen his wedding gloves
and coat, a button from the coat worn at
his first inauguration, farm spurs and
pruning knife, compass, bootstrap worn
at Braddock's defeat, glomes worn at his
mother's - funeral, medallions of honor,
medicine scales and a piece of a tent uted
in the revolutionary ' war. But of them
all the chief Interest or iters around the
little pearl-handled penknife. -which - was
a gift from his mother when" a boy and
which he carried constantly for fifty-six
years, for it is given credit for having
changed the map of the world.
Nation's Fate in Balance.
When Washington's mother forbade his1
entering the English navy after she had
once given her consent and the commis
sion had been obtained, he relinquished "
his boyhood's dream and returned to his
studies in surveying and mathematics in
the depths of despair, but with respectful
and unquestioning obedience. While she
apparently expected nothing else and
merely considered that he had, done his
filial duty, yet when her next order for
household supplies was sent to England
among the items on the list was one for
a good penknife. Upon Its arrival she
presented it to her boy with the Injunc
tion: "Always obey your superiors." '
All through life he carried the little
pocket knife, and . upon - one occasion
showed it to Gen. Knox, relating the
story and his mother's words.
Years afterward, at Valley Forge, when
discouraged and desperate .over the atti
tude of Congress and the plight of his sol
diers, he wrote his resignation and sum
moned the members of his staff and noti
fied them of his action. ' Among the offi
cers of the council was Gen. Knox, who
labored earnestly to dissuade him, but
failed utterly to move him until the story
of the knife recurred to him like an in-'
spiration. He .reminded Washington of
thevbrief command of his mother, "Al
ways obey your . superiors!" and added,
"You were commanded to lead this army
and no one has ordered ycu to cease lead
ing it!" ...... j,. .
The words had the desired effect, for
afer a time Washington tore up the res
ignation and determined to fight on to
the end.. Upon' the associations of the
little knife with its far-reaching Influ
ence of early discipline -hung for a brief
moment the future life of this nation.
Another- highly treasured possession
Is a beautiful set of cut glass, of
which " there .were originally 3,660
pieces, Inscribed with Masonic em
blems, many of which, like most of the
original furniture of the quaint old
lodgeroom, were destroyed In the dis
astrous, fire ' that wrecked the build
ing. There are now about 160 pieces of
it left This beautiful service was the
gift of an unknown friend.
the part of Dinwiddle, who sent a small
force -under the , command of Ensign
Ward to Hold -the'orks of the Ohio
against further encroachment by the
French. But the French descended the
Alleghany in such numbers as to com
pel Ward to surrender without a blow.
In the meantime, Washington was placed
in command of a small force to proceed
to the forks of the Ohio and reinforce
Ward in holding that important position.
"Washington, however, learned of the
surrender of Ward and proceeded as far
as the- 'Great Meadows,' where he con
structed a stockade and named It Fort
Necessity. While here encamped he
learned that a French force, under the
command of Jumonvllle, was encamped
not a great ways oft.
"With the aid of fifty men and the aid
of a few friendly Indians he discovered
the encampment of the French and here.
May 2S, 1754, occurred the first clash at
arms in. the great French and Indian war.
"News ot the- defeat of Jumonvllle
reached the forks of the Ohio and a large
force of French and their Indian allies,
under the command of de VlUiers, pro
ceedei against the English. On the third
day of July they found Washington and
his small army of 400 provincial troops
huddled within the lines of Fort Neces
"An engagement took place, which last
ed for nine hours in a drenching rain,
when Washington was forced to capitu
late to a force of 500 French and 400 of
their Indian allies. -And here, on the
fourth day of July, 1754, there occurred
the ever memorable- and "Only surrender
in Washing-ton's, entire military career
and here also arose the star of Washing
ton . to attract the wonder and admlrL
tion of the civilized world." a
The account continues that Washington
so revered the ground on which Fort
Necessity is located that, as early as
1767, he acquired from Virginia, which at
that time claimed the territory, a pre
emption of a tract of 343 acres, lncludlnir
Fort Necessity, under the name of
"Mount .Washington.", .February 18 1872.
the commonwealth of Pennsylvania
granted a patent to George Washington
which recites that the said tract was
surveyed by virtue of an order issued
June 13, 1769, to William Brooks, who by
deed dated October 17, 1771, conveyed 'the
same tract and appurtenances . to George
Washington-in fee simple.
This tract was referred to in his will
and was owned by him at the time of hie-'
death. After passing through several
conveyances. It became the property of
Godfrey Fazenbaker. , who purchased it
from the heirs of James Sampey, Novem
ber 29, ' 1856, at which time there stood'
within the- lineB of the' old fort the wild
cherry tree from the stump of which Mr.
Hadden has constructed the bust of
Washington. Mr. Hadden procured the
stump in 1910, but did not commence the
construction of the bust until ebruary.