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Norwich bulletin. [volume] (Norwich, Conn.) 1895-2011, August 20, 1914, Image 8

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Ttw'Wif: May Have an Effect in
Frightening up the Money Channels.
Real . estate , transactions In v tbe
toVns-of Connecticut reported in The
Commercial Record for the current
week, "run' somewhat -less in volume,
than for the corresponding: week of
1913, the number of sales for the week
being' 2S9 against 329. last year. " The
T(tal amount of the mortgage loans
for the veek is J9,689,349, in which
total the 'New England Navigation Co.
is represented .to the tune- of $9,000,000,
this being a blanket mortgage on their
property, including vessels, "in different
parts of New Kngland. The figures
fo same week of 1913 were J576,a94.
Bt- little money ia going into new
enterprises Just at present, there being
but three' new incorporations in this
State during the. week, with author
ized capital stock of but $125,000. Al
though but little is done in thi sline
during the month of August, as a rule,
yet the record - is lower than for the
four previous years.
The record of petitions in bank
ruptcy in this State for the week does
not make .a very favorable showing.
The five bankrupts reported have as
sets Of $17,S46 and liabilities of $26,
853, which is greatly in excess of the
figures, for the second week of August
itt -1912 and 1913.
: Statistics of building operations in
the cities of New Haven. Bridgeport.
Hartford, TVaterbury and Stamford,
for the week, make a better showing
than fi r thj similar week of the pre
vious year but the total is somewhat
smaller than for 1912. For the week
in Uhese places permits to the number
' of 91 were granted, for buildings cost
ing $24ffT2S5. These - figures compare
witli 8S permits in 1913 for buildings
costing $218,890, and with 95 ipermits
for buildines costing $367,372 in 1912.
Among the projects for which con
tracts have been awarded during the
week are, a block of stores in New
Haven, a $10,000 garage in Norwalk,
$40,000 power house addition in Bridge
port, schoolhouses -in Stratford and
Wolcott. store and apartment in Hart
ford, factory in Chester, and residences
in New Han, Stamford ind Suffleld.
Jt'ew buildings for which plans have
been made, include a $100,000 hotel
buHding in Stamford, factory in New
Haven, gymnasiasn in Waterville,
church in Stonington, apartment block
in''N"ew Haven, eight-family block in
Hartford, residences in Pine Orchard
"arid- Windsor, and two and three-fam-ilvi
houses in Hartford, Waterbury and
After many years of effort the first
successful artesian well has been
bored in Tripoli by Italian Army en
for Plumbers, Steam Fit
- ters fend Mills
Tin Norwich Ming jop'y House
Phone 13.
Csntral Wharf
' The installation of the right
is a great deal less expensive
than doctors' bills. Ask us for
- estimates. ' ,
Ai' J. WKOLEY & CO.,
12 Ferry, Street N
Wnyi'taot attend to it now? It will be
fully as easy and convenient for you
to "have the- work done now as later
when It may be freezing .weather.
i Estimates -' cheerfully furnished
any work you need done."
67 West Main Street
Heating and Plumbing
, 92 Franklin Street
Robert J. Cochrane
10 West ' Main Street, Norwich, Conn,
Agent for N. B. O. Sheet Packing.
No. 11 25 Ferry Street
Fenton Building Co
Carpenters and Builders
Best work and materials alt right
price, by skilled labon -
The Big Coal Pocket of the Chappell Company is Beginning
to Loom Up on the Harbor Front Building Items of the
Week. . :
- The work on the extensive improve
ments that the Edward. Chappell coal
company has inaugurated on Central
Wharf has now reached a stage where
the framework of the new coal pocket
begins to loom up prominently. The
pocket, which as previously stated, is
to have a capacity of 4500 tons, Is being
built in the southeastern corner of the
wharf, with a frontage of ' 112 feet
along the west branch of the river and
a depth of 60 feet. It reaches the
ufitial height of large coal pockets and
is of massive timber construction. It
rests on concrete piers set in piling.
In the last couple of weeks the work
on the structure has been noticeably
rapid. There are a number of other
improvements to follow this.
The visitor to the wharf is struck
by the airy and comfortable provision
.which the company is making for its
draft animals this summer. The
horses, and there are a pair or two of
Progress on Woman's College.
Entrance" to the, grounds of the Con
necticut College for Women :t New
London, may be gained from Mohegan
avenue, entrance to the grounds is
gained by way of Reservoir street.
A minute's .walk brings one to the
splendid macadam roadway, which is
being constructed, and of which a
a large portion of the roadway has
been completed. Broad avenues run
ning parallel to Mohegan'avenue pass
the sites of the first group of college
buildings and end in wide circular
turnouts, giving a fine opportunity for
automobilists to inspect the grounds
and to get the full benefit of the
splendid view.
Contractor John J. Ryan is making
excellent prosrress on excavation and
stone work. The cellars of ,the science
hall and Plant dormitory are entirely
excavated, and in the case of the for
mer, the foundation walls are nearly
up. j The cellar of Blackstone dormi
tory is also well under way. Consid
ering the fact that the contractor has
been on the job but 22 days, the
progress is remarkable.
- Over in the Bolles lot, which is a
portion of the colleae site, the quarry
which was discovered by Contractor
Ryan, is in operation. From it the
stone for the upper walls of the first
?roiip of buildings will' be taken. For
fe foundation walls the stone found
lying on the grounds is used. A sys
tem of drainage has been ' installed to
carry off' the water., from the road
ways. Three construction sheds have
been erected.
While Reservoir street is now used
as the general means of approach to
the college grounds, a new avenue
will be built before the buildings are
finished, running ,from Mohegan ave
nue. A temporary boiler house is
also to be erected shortly and - it is
Some Ideas Advanced by Albert H.
DeGraff Concerning This Subject.
No doubt there are occasional sorts
among beef cattle that are very large
milkers, and I know that some strains
of Shorthorns are at least fair milkers,
as a neighbor has had them, and has
had pretty good success with them.
On the other hand, I have been culling
my dairy for over eight years, and al
though I did not immediately start
raising calves, and thereby lost sev
eral years in breeding up, my dairy
averages better than nine out of ten
in the neighborhood. It took in $104 a
head last year, while the best nine
teen per cent, of the farmers in Jef
ferson County averaged only $80 a
head three years ago. Jefferson Coun
ty, New Tork, is said to be one of the
best dairy counties in the United
States, if not in the world.
My cows averaged up about 7,450
pounds apiece, ranging from 5,100 to
9,655 pounds. They are nearly all
fairly high-grade Holsteins three
quarters to . fifteen sixteenths. They
are well taken care of. for grade cows,
producing market milk, and receive a
b.tlanced ration the year around, in
cluding supplementary, green fodder
when pastures are short.
This being the case, I would natur
ally be glad to "swap" them for beef
cattle averaging 8,000 pounds a year.
Also, . I would be willing to trade them
for dairy cows averaging 8,000 pounds
a year. I would trade them for hens,
hogs, giraffes, or kangaroos giving
8,000 pounds a year. But first I want
to be shown the 8,000 pounds a year.
In. a canvas of 2,163 herds, in all
dairy sections of the United ' States,
consisting of 28.447 cows, the average
yearly yield of milk per cow was 4,213
pounds. The average yearly -yield of
those herds of good dairy type was
5,104, while-in the dual-purpose type
it was 3,550 peunds. The highest yield
of any grouip was that of 1901 and
1902. in Onondaga County Milk Asso
ciation, viz.. 5,296 pounds. This group,
forty-five herds, consisting of 1,023
cows, was almost entirely high-grade
or pure-bred Holsteins. The yields
of the other groups ranged from the
above down to 3,250 pounds.
Show almost any progressive dairy
man any breed of cows, the grades of
which will average 8.000 pounds of
milk per year, and he will immediately
get interested.
In conclusion let me say that the
Holstein cattle are large and make
fair beef, although, of course, not as
good as that of beef breeds. However
the difference in value between tha.t
or an elderlv milch cow about to fresh
en,- and an elderly beef cow, fat, would
not De. consiaermg tne cost of fatten
ing the beef cow, enough to amount
to a whoop when spread over the
eight or ten ars ef the productive
period of the two cows in question.
Even if one could get twenty dollars
more, which is doubtful. It would
amount to less than two hundred
pounds of milk a year and no un
prejudiced person will deny that the
dairy . cow will give more than that
much in excess of what the beef cow
will give. . j
One can make as much raising good
dairy . heifers as beeves, and if one
does not wish to fatten the bull calves.
which at present veal prices is highly
profitable, they would probably make
good steers, while .-grade yearling bulls
will bring from $25 up. in this neigh
Breeding the dual-purpose cow is
mules, are housed In a shed which Is
open behind and has large apertures In
front, insuring good ventilation and a
cool resting place for the live stock.
Plans for P la infield Church.
Rev. James H. George, Jr. has plans
and specifications for the new St.
Paul's church at Plainfield which con
tractors are inspecting- 'with interest
New School at Wiltiamsville. -
At WllHamsville the - new school
building has reached that stage of con
struction advancement where plaster
ing Is being done. The building will
be ready for use within a few weeks.
Cottage on Winchester Street.
On Winchester street, Laurel Hill,
a creditable addition to the dwellings
of that vicinity is made by the cottage
which is being erected by Miss" Eliza
beth B. Ray. and which ia now well
along toward completion.
Contract for School.
Tho Abarthaw Construction Co.
of Boston,- have been awarded - the
general contract for the new primary
schoolhouse to be erected on Vine
street by Cheney Bros., for the Ninth
School District. It will be about 70x173
feet, built of brick, with limestone trim,
iron and concrete stairs, gravel and
slate roofing, steam heat and electric
lights. It will contain 12 class rooms."
The O'Connor & Walker Cut Stone Co,
of Hartford, have the contract for the
cut stone, Carrere & Hastings- of New
York city a3 the architects.
Finishing Block.
The new business block being
erected on Main street by Aaron
Johnson is now about , completed. S.
Emil Johnson is the general contrac
tor. Patrick Gorman did the mason
work, FV J. Grezel the plumbing. Ferris
Bros, the heatinsr. Edward Burke the
electrical work, Eskel Halisten of New
Britain the metal work and the roof
ing, and Berger W. Nelson of1 Hartford
the metal ceilings.
Theater Improvement.
The L. C. Baker Co. have the con
tract for a graduated concrete floor
for the Circle Theater, of which Leo
possible that In the fall a fourth
building, the refectory, will be com
menced. The science hall will measure 116
by r9 feet and the dormitories about
120 by 39 feet.
Within a couple of months the walls
of the buildings will be well on their
way upward. In the meantime, while
no plans have been formulated, as
yet, it is likely that ceremonies appro
priate to the laying of "the corner
stone of the science hall will be ar
ranged. .
about like cutting down two trees at
once, with a double-bitted ax, so as
to save the energy of the back stroke.
It can be done, but not economically.
Proper Time of Year For Most Vari-
eties and For Some of the Apples.
This is the right time of the year
to bud most of the peach varieties and
many of the apple varieties. Several
people last winter planned to bud this
season rather than graft last winter
because many of the trees were 'not
large enough to graft. At this period
of the year the bark on the stock is
in such a condition that it can be
easily separated from the wood and
the buds of the older wood of the cur
rent years' growth are matured enough
to warrant being transformed into the
new. Very sharp implements should
be used for cutting the buds from the
bud sticks and for making the incis
ion in the stock. Care should be taken
to get the buds on the northern or
eastern sides of the stock so as to have
them sheltered from the hot noon day
or afternoon, sun. Much care should
be taken to get the buds inserted right
side up as it is very easy to reverse
them unless one is on his guard.
Raffia should be. . used for tying the
buds. This rjiffln.' Rhmild hA nt rn iha
opposite side of the bud in about ID
days after the bud is inserted provid
ing that the bud has taken hold. If
the bud does not take hold immediate
ly, raffia can be kept on for a few
days longer. .
One should not do much budding un
til he is sure that the bark is In the
right condition. This can easily be
ascertained - by trying the bark with
a budding knife and if it does not
separate readily it is either too late or
not quite time for it. Chances are
that it is now a little too late to get
good results -from budding some early
varieties but ought to be just right for
late varieties.
Should be Done Both For Those Which
Have Been Thinned and Those
Which Have Not-
Many trees in different parts of tne
country are bending to the ground
with' the heavy load of fruit which
they are carrying; This is -not only
true of the trees that were not thinned
but. also of the trees -which - were
thinned. The trees that were not
thinned out are bending the most and
many large branches are already
.broken off. Farmers should xuard
against this first thinning, second by
propping. It is almost too late to thin
a great deal,, especially the summer
and early fall varieties, but it will un
doubtedly ipay to thin the late fall and
winter varieties at this time. After
one has thinned the tree propping
will still be necessary in most cases
because the apples will reach greater
artA thA timha xxrill .o11aI -irun
to support nearly as much weight as
li tne other apples had been left on
and the total number allowed to grow
only half siz. .- .
It is specially necessary to prop trees
that have poor crutches and such trees
are very . prominent over, the country.
Small trees that are coming into profit
able bearing can be most cheaply
proped by placing birch or maple poles
in the center of the tree and tying
from the top of such poles to the dif
ferent branches. This method is fol
lowed In the Northwest and many of
McPartland Is the proprietor. Exten
sive alterations will be made to the
building and the seating capacity. In
creased to 1000. An addition win be
erected in the rear, 25xB feet, to pro
vide, room for -stage.
A gain of 15 per cent, in building
operations for July in the . United
states is shown In the flgures com
niled . nv - the "Construction News'
from seventy-nine of the principal
cities of the country. The permits
taken out call for the construction of
19.786 buildings Involving a total cost
of 168,699.255 as compared with is,
526 buildings aggregating in J59.435
000 a year ago. This is a gain of 1,260
buildings and $9,264,255, or ' 15 per
cent.' Tho Increases were general
throughout the country. Hartford
was one of the 'few cities to show a
loss. During the month, -111 permits
were issued aggregating $311,985, as
against 81 permits aggregating 7t,
055 tbe year before, a loss of 67 per
cent. Springfield. Mass., on the other
hand, shows a decided gain, 163 per
mits aggregating 1795,835 being is
sued, as asrainst 149 permits aesrre
gating $274,236 the year before, a
gain of 190 per cent.
The statistics of . Building and En
gineering Operations In- New Kngland,
as compiled by the F. W. Doge Com
pany, show:
Contracts to Aug. 12, 191. .$110,209,000
Contracts to Aug. 12. 1913. t 107.995,000
Contracts to Aug. 12,-1912.. 123,897,000
Contracts to Aug. 12, 1911.. 105.709,000
Contracts to Aug.12 1910.. 106.070.000
Contracts to Aug. 12, 1909.. 99,742.000
Contracts to Aug. 12, 1908.. 62.210,000
Contracts to Aug. 12. 1907.. 85.571,000
Contracts to Aug. 12, 1906.. 79,146.000
Contracts to Aug. 12. 1905.. 69,646,000
Contracts to Aug. 12. 1904.- 57.162.000
Contracts to Aug. 12, 1903.. 69.904.000
Contracts to Aug. 12. 1902..- 81,388.000
Contracts to Aug. 12, 1901.. 75,368,000
Another step has been taken in the
project for building a new 'railroad
bridge over the Thamea river at New
London, the Public Utilities Commis
sion having approved the plans of the
New Haven read for the big structure.
Ar. it will require a great amount of
moncv to carry out this improvement,
it is more than likely the brid j will
not b built right away. Commercial
Progress at the Majestic
While it does not show noticeably
from the exterior changes, the con
struction worJcat James B. Shannon's
Majestic is going along steadily. The
nature of the work is that of pouring
the reinforced concrete interior walls,
and to this end the carpenters are
preparing and locating the moulds and
as fast as they are in place the ma
terial is poured.
Sells Cow to New Bedford Man.
Louise Erotus, six year old Guernsey
cow from the famous .Round Hill herd3,
was sent by James B. Palmer to Wil
liam Rodney Cook of New Bedford.
Mass.. this week. Louise Erotus has
a record of 18 pounds of butter in
seven ' days. She sold for $250, it is
the young orchards in the East. It
proves very satisfactory. Care should
be taken not to have the string tied
to the branch too near the trunk or
not too far, it should be about mid
way in order to support the load to the
best advantage. In propping old trees.
of course, the best method is to get
good poles leaving crutches at the -end
and insert these under the limbs.
Too strong emphasis cannot be
placed at this time on ' the necessity
of doing a lot of propping in orchards
which are producing good crops. Those
who have propped need to do much
more propping. It is much easier to
insert extra props than It is to make
up for the loss of broken limbs later
It is Desirable Even if Bugs Are Not
It Is common to hear men say that
they did not have many bugs this
year, so did not spray with anything
but paris green. These farmers are.
however, growing potatoes and desire
to get the largest fields possible., but
do not have - enough confidence to be
lieve that spraying will increase the
yield enough to make it profitable.
Many experiment stations all over this
country have shown conclusively that
it is desirable even though no blight
or Insects are present. A recent pub
lication from Iowa experiment sta
tion gives the results of their spraying.
Three years' experiments have brought
the following results: Spraying three
times at an expense of $3, the yield
increased ll.s bushels. Spraying five
times at cost of $5, yield was increased
25.64 bushels. Spraying- seven times
the yield was increased to 43.22 bush
els, thus it figures out that the com
mon, idea of spraying two or three
times is not - as profitable as when
more and frequent and thorough spray
ing is practiced. The net profits when
spraying seven times were twice as
great as when five times spraying, and
five times as large as with the three.
It is . hoped that those who have not
sprayed frequently will hereafter real
ize the importance of continued efforts
along this line. f -.-
English Wvndottes Lead While Leg
horns By Only One Egg Entire
Flock Takes Spurt.
The race between Tom Barron's
English Wyandottes and Francis F.
Lincoln's White Leghorns is now .as
close as it can be without resulting; in
a tie: the Englishman was leading by
1 egg at the close of lorty-nrst week.
Barron says that his hens are simply
getting their second wind and . Lincoln
rays there is' still a lot of lay in his
birds. Certainly none can predict
which will finally win out and both
both may be only second for that
matter as there are one or two pens
that may yet come in before the
The entire flock seems to - have
a spurt after a little let up for -the
past two or three weeks. Last week
the birds gained 71 eggs over the pre,
ceding week's " production and in the
forty --first week they gained another
14 eggs. These weekly gains have
been very -eratiryinjr to - both con
test ants and the management. Fifty
one, individuals proved to be every
day layers during the week: ibe larg
est percentage of - these - were Ply
mouth Rocks although 'Wyandottes,
Reds, and Leghorn . came in for. a
share. A. a. . Hall s Den of -Barred
Rocks that produced three such lay
ers last week, also produced three in
tho forty-first week- and so did H.' U.
Cook's pen of 'H.' I. Reds from Orange,
CoruL The record pen, however, for
When Norwich Citizens Show a Way.
There can be no reason why any
reader -of this who suffer the tor
tures of an aching back, the annoy
ance of urinary disorders,, the pains
and dangers of kidney ills will fail to
beed the words of a neighbor- who
has found relief. Read what a Nor
wich citizen says: . t
Mrs. Mary Neff. 465 Main St, Nor
wlch. says: "For many years one of
my family was subject to attacks of
kidney .complaint. He suffered from
pains across his loins and at times
could scarcely get about on account
of his back being so stiff and lame.
The kidney secretions .were irregular
in passage and often contained sed
tment. Doan's Kidney Pilla, procured
at N. D. Sevin & Son's Drug Store,
proved of Benefit from the first and
soon -every symptom of kidney com
plaint disappeared. I willingly .con
firm all I said in praise of Doan's Kid
ney Pills in the statemene I gave a
few years ago. Nothing: has occurred
to change my high opinion of this
Price 50c, at all dealers. Don't
simply ask for a kidney remedy get
Doan's Kidney Pills the same, that
Mrs. Neff had. Foster-Millburn Co,
Props.. Buffalo. N. T. -.
overy-day lasers was Bonnie Brook
Poultry Farm In which five out of the
ten birds laid 7 eggs each during the
week. This does not mean that the
other birds in this pen loafed either,
as they laid from four to six eggs
each, the entire pen producing sixty-
one eggs thereby winning first place
ior tne ween, mree, pens oi v ntte
Leghorns owned respectively by Mar
wood Poultry Farm, Butler, Pa., F. F.
Lincoln, Mr. CarmeL Conn., and the
atorrs station Experimental Pen ail
lied for second place with 55 egs
each. Tom Barron's English Leghorns
won tnira with 53 eggs to their credit,
while P. G. Piatt's pen from Walling-
lora. ra. followed closely with oZ,
and Glenview Poultry Farm's pen of
Leghorns from Rockville yielded bl
eggs for the week.
During the forty -first week three in
dividuals became 200 egg hens, an
English 'White Wyandotte has passed
the mark by 7 eggs, an Experimental
White Leghorn has passed with a
margin of 3 eggs and a White Wyan
dotte .owned by Merrythought Farm,
Columbia, conn., is by with a margin
of 1 egg,' thus the total individual
scores of these three hens are respect
ively 207. 202. and 201 eggs. Thcv
have done a good full year's work in
just a trifle over nine months; they
have earned a well deserved rest, but
all three of these hens are still busy
and -all of them laid during the past
week, the leader of theee producing
seven eggs.
The ten leading pens to date are as
Tom Barron' Catforth. Enertand.
White Wyandottes. 1721; Francis F.
Lincoln. Mt. Carmel, Conn., White
Leghorns, 1720; Tom Barron. Catforth,
Merrythought Farm. Columbia Conn
White Wyandottes, 1565; N'eale Eros.,
Apponaug, it. i.. White Wyandottes,
1536: P. G. Piatt. Walllngford, Po
White Leghorns. 1462: A. B. Brund-
age, Danbury, Conn., S. C. Rhode Isl
and Reds, 1457; Cecil Guernsey, East
cooiesKiH, .N. White Leghorns,
1450, Bonnie Brook Poultry Farm,
Saratoga, N. Y., White Leghorns, 1432;
Marwood Poultry, Butler, Pa., White
Leghorns, 1419.
The following is a list of the ten
leading Connecticut pens:
Francis F. Lincoln. Mt- rrmnl
White Leghorns, 1720: Merrythought
rarm, coiumoia. White Wyandottes,
1565; A. B. Brundaee. Danburv. S C
Rhode Island Reds, 1457: Branford
farm, Grotorj, White Leghorns, 1414;
Glenview Poultry Farm. Roc.kvilln
White Leghorns, 1382 Thomas W.
aioore, central Village, White Leg
horns, 1315: Frederick M. Puicv
Cheshire, White Leghorns, 1296; C. h!
bavage, storrs. White Leghorns 1230;
A. B. Hall, Wallingford. White Leg
horns, 1287; N. W. Hendryx, New
Haven, White Leghorns, 12S0. -
New England Should Be Self Sustain
ing Agriculturally Cooling Milk
Milk Carrot Stable Manure.'
Success shown in Hamden county
experience an evidence that the Coun
ty Improvement Leagues or Farmers'
Bureaus are providing a success. Is
shown; by the extract given below
taken from the Hamden County
Leagues's column in the Springfield
Republican. Here's hoping that all the
counties in New England and other
states will speedily fall In line with
this work. New London county wish
es all success to her neighbor.
The extract is as follows: '
"Last week Friday at a mass meet
ing of the Ponoma grange of Franklin
county together with the boards of
trade in that county, the work of the
Hampden County Improvement league
was discussed and it was there and
then decided to organize a similar or
ganization for Franklin county. Lead
ing business men and farmers In
Franklin county have been following
the Monday articles in the Springfield
papers; this has created such a tre
mendous interest in the work that the
grangers enlarged the scope of their
ordinary field meeting and made a
special effort to have the business or
ganizations of the county Tepresented.
After the discussion of the work of the
Hampden County Improvement league,
the enthusiasm reached its climax
when the president -of the board of
trade of Orange made a motion to
have a committee appointed to nomin
The officers nominated ad elected are
The officer snominated an delected are
representatives of the leading business
men and farmers of the county.
Fifth League in New England.
This is the fifth league In New Eng
land that has been organized as a
result of the inspiration and success
of the work of the Hampden County
Improvement league. Two of these
have been formed in Connecticut, two
in Massachusetts, and one in New
Hampshire. It is of special significance
at just this time when Europe is en
gaged in such a war that such organ
izations should spring up in New Eng
land. If the war continues in Europe,
there will be a tremendous drain on
the food supply of the west and south
by Europe, a source from which New
England receives today a large per
cent, of the food it imports). New
England imports about 75 per cent, of
the food it eats. The only thing; that
can save New' England from intense
suffering is to begin to produce the
food it consumes. As one looks Into
the future. It becomes doubly impera
tive that New- England should, feel
ing intensely tb.3 competition of
the wrest and south industrially even
in times of peaox as it much go to its
commercial rivals and buy from them
75 per cent, of the food its laboring
classes consume, bet when thte source
of food Is drained by Europe. New
England will ba- hit doubly hard. It
the time should ever "come when the
United States were compelled to go to
war, it would then become even more
imperative that New England should
be producing: the food consumed, or
should et our prices for TIN, COPPER
and GALVANIZED WORK before plac
ing your orders, ;
large s'tock of Mill Snppiiss alwajs on hand
Specialty of HONEYWELL Hoi Water Hsating
in other words should be self-sustaining.
. '
There is no question but that such
leagues, reinforced by State Agricul
tural colleges and the United States
Department of Agriculture, will be able
to create such conditions and bring
about such efficiency in the rural com
munities of New England that New
England will be able to feed itself in
time to come. No country 'can hope to
be permanently sound under all vary
ing conditions of commercial comneti
tion, rivalry and upheavals of war un
less Its agricultural resources are ade
quate. These aire at the "ery founda
tion of industrial and national
strength This is true not simply of the
nation as a whole: but it true of sec
tions within the nation such as New
The strong feature of the leagues
that are being organized is found in
the fact that business men and farm
ers form a partnership in the promo
tion of the work. It is not simply a
tarmers anair, not simply a business
men's affair, but a partnership of the
whole community, which is in this In
stance the county. It is of just as
great interest to the farmers to have
the business men prosper, and this
getting together of these two great
factors will mean much to bring about
the largest possible results.
Another characteristic feature of the
league work is that it is organized
along broad lines, that it does not only
emphasize and work for better econ
omic conditions In rural communities,
but also for better educational, social
and civic conditions. In the rural life
conferences throughout the country
this summer the emphasis has been
placed largely on the fact that with
economic development, with better
farming, and bttter .business there
must go better living conditions; that
the farm and country life must be
made attractive that even if the farm
er makes enough money to stay on the
farm; country life must be made suf
ficiently attracaive to keep the young
people there. This means that farm
ing must be made a paying business
and life in the open country must be
made attractive thata living conditions
will be as enjoyable, satisfying and
stimulating as in the larger centers of
Therefore all these leagues that have
been formed have mapped out for
community work, as well as for scien
tific farming and business efficiency
in farm operations. If these leagues
can succeed In this larger phase of
the work it will mean the upbuilding
of a stronger, more wholesome and in
spiring social, educational and civic
life as well as more prosperous econ
omic conditions. The Hampden Coun
ty Improvement league wishes the
Franklin County league every success.
With the strong men It has already
Interested in this work It knows it
cannot fall, and It will accomplish
great things.
It Pays to Cool Milk.
Cooling fresh milk takes time and
effort, but it pays. The certified milk
producer has to cool the milk; the
dairy farmer should do so, and the
man who milks one or two cows can
make it profitable.
Milk sours by the presence in it of
miscroscopic organisms called bacteria.
They are not "bugs," but vegetable
forms, the commonest example of
which Is the yeast plant. Bacteria
gets into the milk from dirt. hair,
dust-laden air and by contact with
unsterilized vessels. They are not
necessarily disease germs most of
them being harmless and useful.
In warm, fresh milk, bacteria re
produces rapidly, and it soon sours by
the change of milk sugar to lactic acid.
Bacteria remain domant at low tem
peraturesfl. - and if milk is cooled as
soon as it is drawn from the undder
and kept clean, scalded vessels. It will
not only keep sweet muchlonger, but
has a much finer flavor and makes
better butter. In creameries and large
dairies, expensive cooling machinery is
used. " This is not necessary for the
former with a few cows. He can Bet
a pail of fresh milk in a tub of cold
water or set a shotgun can of milk
In cold water, and by stirring occa
sionally, the milk will coor down to a
safe temperature in five minutes. If
a separator .is not used, but the cream
skimmed by' hand, separation by grav
ity is- more complete when milk is
cooled. Thus cooling fresh milk act
ually pays by the increase in quality
and quantity of cream.- Where
separator is used with but a tfr cows
the cream 'should be cooled Immedi
ately after separation. If sold as cream
it will krep longer. If butter Is made,
the quality Improved by keeping the
cream- cold until ready for ripening.
If many cows are kept and churning
frequent, put the fresh separated
cream warm into the ripening vat
without cooling.
In making butter from one or two
cows, coolinr is necessary to insure
a good product. The freshly cooled
mily should be set In a cold place.
When skimmed the cream also should
be kept cold .until enough in collected
for a churning. If not cooled at milk
ing time, the cream becomes too sour,
and often rank in flavor. Cold cream
Our stock foi this week: Swordfish, Bluefish, ' Eastern ; White Halibut,'
Largo Flounders, Jumto ButterfisK, Mackerel,. Sea' Bass, Weakfisty Had
deotc. Steak. Cod, Boston Blue or Poll oek. Long Clams, Round Clams, Little
Necke, Crabc and Lobsters ; . . . . J . ',2
Phone 39?
from freshly cooled milk sours vlery
slowly, and when churning day comes
it will probably be just ripe enough, -If
not, warm the cream to 80 degrees,
hold there until sour enough, cool to,
60 degrees and churn at this tempera-'
ture. . .
From . the amount of poor counthy
butter that finds its way to the tore,t.
it is evident that there is something
wrong in the handling of milk and
cream on average iarras. Cooling the
fresh milk and keeping the cream
cold until ready for ripening are ab
solutely necessnry in making good,
butter where one to ten cows are kept,
especially in summer. If milk or cream
! sold in bulk, cooling adds flavor and -keeping
Do Not Let Wild Carrots Go to Seed.,
Several complaints have been re
ceived by the agent lately in regard to
Wild Carrots going to- seed. . It used,
to be the pride of all up-to-date, pro
gressive farmers to be able to say that.
there was no wild carrots - going tor- -
seed on his farrn - There .are stiil
many left who do "not care to have
their fields all infested . with this weed"
and labor diligently to keep the same
under controL But their labor la oft-- .
times of no avail since their neighbors
over the fence take no pains to sup- .
press the same.
Land Is too valuable In these parts
to grow anything . but good paying
crops. It Is a business proposition to
keeps the weeds down. Put this task
down as an odd job for the boys or "
men when nothing else is pushing.
This is but one of the Tittle' tnings
that go to make up a "good" farmer.
Saving of All Stable Manures.
One cow will produce around four..
cords of manure each season, contain
ing on the average around 10 each of.
nitrogen and five phosphorus. This '
means in dollars and cents taken at .
the value of chemicals regardless qf.
Its worth from the standpoint or lorm
Ing humus around J30. . Since only'
about one third of . the nitrogen and "
one fifth of the potash is found in the
solid portions with three fourths of
the phosphorus it is plain to see that
unless all the liquid portions are sav- -'
ed a large amount of money will.be-.-lost,
especially of the elements potash
and nitrogen which: are likely to"' be -high
priced or unavailable. Thus con-""
serration of all the stable manure is
very essential. A large amount, of.
the potash will be lost unless it is
handled more carefully than on a
great many farms. Build a pit if you"'
have very much stock and conserve-
every bit that Is possible.
Thompsonville The Union agri - "
cultural society Is making extensire
arrangements for Its 76th annual cat-
tie fair and Industrial exposition, to
be held in Thompsonville, Wednesday.
September 30. ..
KFa.ce. .....NX
i s ana nanus .
r can be kept beautiful, fair
and white with
Contains 30 pare sulphur. Use
it for sallow, oily, red, itchy skin
and excessive perspiration, pim
ples, eruptions, -and insect stings. '
Sold by all druggists. -
Tasted and analrsed br Good Hooaa-
keaptns' xinre&u or
aad Health. Or. H.WV
Roof Paint
No better time to paint,
roof . than now. Ask for
Arcotum Roof Paint. A guar:
anteed paint WTmOUT V
rival "
87 Water Street ;
oods, Saaitatiott A 1
Wiiey.Diractor. 1
m WWakw Bn V I
We give Royal Gold Trading- Stamps--",
Fish Klarkci

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