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X9M.4 POPUI ;yON 28,219 VOL LVI1I. NO. 61 NORWICH, CONN SATURDAY, MARCH 11, 1916 SIXTEEN PAGES. PRICE TWO CENTS'. "2 The Bulletin's Circulation y6rwich is Double That of Any Other Paper, and Its Total Circulation is the Largest in Connecticut in Proportion to the City's Population ' . rrTrr 'VANTAGE STRIFE FOR Germans Retake Part of the Corbeaux Wood From Which French Had Ejected Them TEUTONS LAUNCH W&'OUS INFANTRY ATTACKS Contradictory Statements Come From Headquarters of Con tending Armies as to Results at Various Points Berlin's Claim of Capture of Wooded Secions East of Fort Vaux is Flatly Denied by Paris Italians Are Keeping Up Their Offensive Against the Austrians, With the Isonzo Front the Scene of Intermittent Shelling Russians Continue to Press the Turk- Mong the Black Sea Coast Toward Trebizond. Throwing large masses of infantry against the French in the Corbeaux Wood, northwest of Verdun, the Ger mans, after several attacks, In which they are declared by Paris to have suffered large casualties, have retaken part of the wood from which the French had previously ejected them. The entire region about Verdun con tinues the scene of intense operations. West of Douaumont and the sector em bracing the village of Vaux have been points against which the Germans have launched vicious infantry attacks, but at both places their efforts to advance broke down under the heavy fire of the French, according to Paris. Berlin, however, counters this asser tion by announcing the taking of a ridge west of Douaumont by the Ger mans, and says also fhe Germans have eracceeded in pushing forward their line through the wooded sectors south east of Damloup, which lies a short distance east of Fort Vaux. The statement is made in the Ger man official communication that the Germans have succeeded in gaining a firm footing in Fort Vaux. Paris had previously categorically denied that the Germans had captured either the fort or the village of Vaux. East and southeast of Verdun over a front of about seven and a half miles the Germans have been directing a fceaw bombardment, on the towns of Eix, MoulainviUe, Villers-Sous-Bon- DICTAGRAPH IN NEW YORK .. DISTRICT ATTORNEY'S OFFICE, Surreptitiously Placed There to Record Conversations About Osborne. White Plains, N. Y March 10. Al most on the eve of the trial of Thomas Mott Osborne, former warden of Sing King, under an indictment charging him with perjury in connection with a grand jury investigation of the prison, District Attorney Frederick E. Weeks, who will prosecute Osborne, announced today that conversations which have taken place in his private office since January, regarding the case, have been overheard and recorded by means of a telephonic device installed In a nearby room. Three persons examined by Mm today confessed, Mr. Weeks said, that they were retained by a private detective agency in New York to learn what they could regarding Ms move ments in the Osborne case. Mr. Weeks' headquarters has been temporarily in an office building near the county Courthouse. Yesterday, ac cording to the prosecutor, an employe discovered a wire which ran from a point behind a bookcase in his office to rooms rented about six weeks ago by a young woman who desired quar ters for use by public stenographers. This woman, according to Mr. Weeks, questioned the janitor's helper as to the layout of the district attorney's office. Mr. Weeks declined to make public the names of the persons he examined. One, a woman, he said, came from Bos ton. He Intimated that their stories might lead to the prosecution of per sons who employed them. . Mr. Osborne's trial will begin on Monday. C. N. G. COULD BE MOBILIZED IN LESS THAN TWO DAYS. Adjutant General Cole Says 3,900 Of ficers and Men Would Be Ready. Hartford, Conn., March 10. (Adju tant General George M. Cole of the Connecticut National Guard eaid to night that In the event of a call to go to Miexico, approximately 3,900 offi cers and enlisted men of the state militia could be mobilized In less than two days. This force includes the coast artillery corps but does not In clude the naval militia, which num bers about 300 men. The adjutant general said that while the state troops could be ready to move in this short time. It would be necessary to wait for the government to provide 2.200 horses and mules heft-re the actual start could be made. STRIKE OF 150,000 TAILORS TO BE CALLED MONDAY In New York, Boston, Chicago, Phll delphia and Baltimore. New Tork, March 10, A strike of 150.000 tailors in New York, Boston, Chicago Philadelphia and Balltimore will be called next Monday, according to a statement made tody by Thomas Sweeney, general secretary of the In ternational Journeymen Tailors' Union, who came to New York from Chicago yeserday. Naval Officers Demoted. Washington, March 10. Sentences to reduction of 100 points in grade re cently imposed by a naval court mar tial upon Lieutenant H. A. Jones and Ensign R. D. Kirkpatrick for negli gence In connection with the loss of a battle signal book from the destroyer Hull at San Francisco last August were approved today by the navy department. jjKliiiintt JiiMniiMiMtitifi'Tia t nf iliirrirri ij vjrtfWnliTT-1 SWAYS IN VER champ and Bonzee, with the French guns answering them energetically. In the Artods region the French have occupied the crater of a mine exploded by the Germans and in Lorraine have damaged with their gunfire German or ganizations on the front of Haleville Bremenil. The Germans on the upper Strips region of the Russian front are de clared by Petrograd to have suffered heavy losses in a counter-attack made on a position captured by the Kus- sians. Despite the bad weather, the Italians are keeping up their offensive against the Austrians along the Austro-Italian line. The Tolmino bridgehead had been heavily bombarded and the Isonzo front has been the scene or intermit tent shelling. Petrograd reports a continuation of the progress of the Russians against the Turks along the Black sea coast toward Trebizond. A British official communication eays a force which was attempting to re lieve the siege of Kut-el-Amara and which had been reported at Eassin, seven miles east or the beleaguered town, has been forced because of lack of water to fall back on the Tigris river. The Turks, however, claim that the British retired after their ejection from a Turkish trench which they had captured and that they left behind them 2,000 dead. ROOSEVELT REITERATES DISAVOWAL OF CANDIDACY For Presidential Nomination by Either Progressive or Republican Party. New York, March 10. A telegram re iterating Theodore Roosevelt's dis avowal of the cindldacy of delegates who have -filed petitions in the Illinois primaries expressing their preference for him for the presidential nomina tion of either the progressive or repub lican party was sent today to Secre tary of State Stephenson of Illinois In the name of the former president by Roosevelt & Son, acting as his attor neys, it was announced tonight. The action was taken because Mr. Stephenson refused to accept as legal compliance with the Illinois statute a cable message from Mr. Roosevelt to his secretary, John W. McGrath, in which he disavowed candidates favor able to him. Earlier in the day Mr. MoGrath telegraphed Mr. Stephenson asking him if he would accept a state ment executed in the name of Colonel Roosevelt by his attorneys if it was accompanied by a sufficient power of attorney. ANONYMOUS THREATS REACH AMERICAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE Ask iPolice for Protection at Mass Meeting to Be Held Monday Night. New York, March 10. Because of anonymous threats said to have been received by letter and telephone at the headquarters of the American Bights committee, the organization today ask ed for police protection for the mass meeting to be held under its auspices at Carnegie hall Monday night. The police announced that "the usual num ber" of uniformed men would be sent to the hall in addition to a squad of officers in plain clothes. GARRISON OFFERS HIS SERVICES TO ADMINISTRATION Commendable Spirit Shown by Former Secretary of War. Washington, March 10 Former Secretary Garrison came to Washing ton today and called at the war de partment for conference with his suc cessor, Secretary Baker. Mr. Garrison offeed his services to the administra tion in the emergency and is expected to remain to assist Mr. Baker for the present at least. DETECTIVES WATCHING VILLA AGENTS AND SYMPATHIZERS. So Far There Have Been No Demon strations at El Paso. EJI Paso, Tex., March 10. The move ment of the Villa agents and sympa thizers in El Paso was closely watched today by detectives, to whom they are well known. So far there have been no demonstrations. Reports received at police headquar ters here state that Juarez, which is supposed to contain a large number of Villa sympathizers, is likewise undis turbed by the Columbus raid and the movements of American troops. British Tanker Being Towed to Port Halifax, N. S. March 10. The British tank steamer San Onofre, which has been adrift of" r-p.oe Race for more than a week, has been picked uu by the steamcis .r.o.nauula and San Gregorio and is being-towed to this port according to wireless messages received here late today. Cabled Paragraphs Norwegian Bark Siliua Sunk. London, March 10, 6:81 p. m. The Norwegian bark Siliua, which sailed from New York February 4, bound tor Hacre, has been sunk. Three members of the crew were lost. Does Col. Churchill Intend to Resign? London. March 10. 6.03 n m. The Weekly Nation says it believes that Colonel Winston Spencer Churchill, formerly first lord of the admiralty, intends to resign his commission In the army and to return to parliament. BROKER JOHN GRANT LYMAN WINS A POINT IN COURT. Prosecution Not Allowed to Exmine His Books and Letters. New Tork March 10. John Grant under indictment for using the mails to defraud, won a point in court here today when Federal Judge Hough di rected John L. Lyttle, receiver in bank ruptcy for John H. Putnam and Com pany, the name under which Lyman conducted a brokerage business here. not to permit examination of the books and letters in his possession by As sistant District Attorney Stanton or his accountant Judge Hough held that the alleged bankrupt's books can be used only by Receiver Lyttle for ascertaining a list of Lyman's credi tors and making a tabulation of his assets and liabilities. The order will have the effect of shielding Lyman in the prosecution of indictment against him charging mail swindling. Henry A. Wise, counsel for Lyman, declared his client's books and papers were seized by the federal authorities as evidence in the criminal case in violation of Lyman's constitutional right and without due process of law. TROUBLE BETWEEN RIVAL IRISH ORGANIZATIONS Over Which is Entitled to a Permit to Parade in New York. New York, March 10. Trouble be tween rival Irish organizations, both claiming to represent the Ancient Or der of Hibernians, over the question as to which is entitled to a permit to parade here on St. Patrick's day. got into court today. Coroner Timothy Healy, grand marshal of one organiza. tion, described as the "Ancient Order of Hibernians. New York county," and which has already ohtained a permit, was ordered to show cause why it should not be restrained frcm parading. The order was obtained by the "An cient Order of Hiternians of America. of which Roderick J. Kenny is the head in New York county. The latter claims to be the bna fide organization and asserts that Heaiy's organization is composed of members suspended for failure to pay dues to the national or ganization. ARTISTS TO BE ASKED TO PROMOTE PATRIOTISM. By Means of Paintings in the Cam paign For Preparedness. New York, March 10. The leading artists of the United Stat'.s will be asked to promote patriotism by means of paintings, posters and cartoons as a Ettp in the campaign for prej,ared ness, it was announced here today. The mcement has been undertaken bp the Aero Club of America in be half of allied organizations interested in national defenste. It is proposed to have the artists contribute their work free for publication in newspa pers and magazines as well as for dis play on billboards, in street cars and public buildings. SCHOLARSHIP FOR CONN. COLLEGE FOR WOMEN Graduates of the Hartford Female Seminary Vote $10,000 as Memorial. Hartford, Conn., Mich., March 10. raduates of the Hartford Female Sem inary a school which ceased to exist a number of years ago gathered here today and voted to create a memorial scholarship of $10,000, the income to be awarded annually to some student at the new Connecticut College for Wo men. Organization was effected and Mrs. Henry E. Fowler of Guilford was chosen president. COMPLETE RETURNS FROM INDIANA PRIMARY. Fairchild, Republican, Received 17,282 Votes More Than President Wilson. Indianapolis, Ind.. March 10. Vir tually complete returns from Tues day's primary tabulated here unoffi cially today show that Former Vice President Charles W. Fairbanks," can didate for the republican nomination for president, received 17.282 votes more than were cast for President Woodrow Wilson, candidate for re nomination on the democratic ticket. Fairbanks received a total of 176 12 votes to Wilson's 158,847. PAYMASTER KILLED AND ROBBED IN PHILADELPHIA An Assistant Fatally Wounded Rob bers Get Away With $3,800. Philadelphia, March 10. Two men Jumped from a hiding place in a fire tower of the Germanla Worsted mill here today, shot and killed a pay master, fatally wounded his assistant and escaped with a satchel said to contain $8,000. Herman Hastening the paymaster, and Walter Haupt the assistant, were ascending the lower with the week's pay of the millhands. AMERICAN RANCHER KILLED BY MEXICAN BANDITS Who Crossed the Border Southeast of Osborne, Ariz. Bisbee, Ariz., March 10. An Ameri can rancher was killed tonight when a band of approximately 200 Mexican bandits cossed the border southeast of Osborne Junction, Ariz., according to reports reaching here tonight. Many head of livestock were killed or driven off by the bandits, it was stated. OBITUARY. Henry Gassoway Davis. Washington. March 11. Henry Gnm soway Davis, former United States senator from Virginia and vice presi dential candidate on the democratic ticket In 1904, died here early today after a brief illness, aged 93 years. Movements of Steamships. New York, March 10. Sailed, steam er Antonio Lopez, Cadiz. Cadiz, March 1. Sailed: Steamer Manuel Calvo, New York. Columbus in State of High Tension OVER REPORT THAT VILLA HAD SURROUNDED TOWN. INHABITANTS STAMPEDE Every Man and Even Small Boya Are Shooting at Everything That Ap pears to Move in the Desert Brush. Columbus, N. M March 10. Fran cisco Villa, with the Mexican bandit army whose raid on Columbu.s was beaten off by the Thirteenth United States cavalry, with severe loss, on Thursday morning, was at Boca Grande. 25 miles southeast, at last re- Always Rendering Frequently the question Is asked. "Who pays for the advertising?" The expense for advertising a store is a part of that store's prepara tion for doing' a big volume of business. To expend adequate sums for the right sort of publicity is the only method by which a store. In these days may acquire a large volume of business. The expenditure for advertising Is therefore made for the purpose of reaching the one big result desired the capacity to distribute goods at the smallest possible per-sale profits. It is as appropriate to ask, "Who pays for the efficient service of a good Btore?" Efficient service is an economy to the merchant, and never costs the patrons of his store anything. It really saves money to them. The right sort of publicity in this section Is furnished by the ad vertising columns of The Bulletin. It circulates widely, it goes to the homes, it contains the news and therefore It Is read. It furnishes the efficiency In service which the advertiser should insist upon. Investi gate the proposition and see where it can help you! During the past week the following matter has appeared in the columns of The Bulletin: Bulletin Saturday, Mar. 4 . Monday, Mar. 6 . Tuesday, Mar. 7. Wednesday, Mar. 8. Thursday, Mar. 9 . Friday, Mar. 10. Totals 559 ports brought here today by scouts. American military authorities were Impatient for orders to cross the border and assail the bandit leader before he had time to retreat farther into the Interior of Chihuahua. With plenty of cavalrymen availa ble tonight. Colonel Slocum and his officers were convinced that an order to cross the line now would mean a quick disposition of Villa, When Major Frank Thompklns, of the Thirteenth cavalry, with hardly 200 men, took up the pursuit of the en tire Villa force estimated at 2,400 men yesterday, the Mexicans fled fifteen miles. Six troops of cavalrp were ready and eager tonight to renew the chase. Residents of Columbus at High Ten sion. Meanwhile residents of the town of Columbus were in a state of high ten sion tonight. A repprt today that Villa had recrossed the border and surrounded the town stampeded nearly all the inhabitants. Every man in Columbus and even small boys were alert throughout the day, armed with rifles and revolvers. Guns captured from Mexicans when the American troops drove them from the town supplied arms for many ot the civilians. Tonight the report that Villa again was advancing gained currency. Arm ed civilians, supplanting the two pa trols put out by the military authori ties, fired shots at everything that ap. peared to move In the desert brush surrounding the town. "Put Out the Lights." Shouts of "Put out the lights" rang through the streets and military camps at 7.30 o'clock, but half an hour later there appeared no sign that Vil la had reached the boundary with his army. The entire military force at the disposal of Colonel Slocum was ready, rowever, for a fight at a mo ment's notice. During the day after It became known that the United States govern ments had decided to send troops in to Mexico after Villa, army officers sent their wives and other women rel atives away. With civilian women alarmed by reports of another Villa attack, departures numbered scores. A squad of cavalry sent out today to investigate a report that Villa sol diers had crossed the border and sur rounded a patrol of the 70th cavalry, returned tonight with a report that no Mexicans had been seen this side ot the border. Mexican, Who Failed to Halt, Killed. At 8 o'clock a report was received at headquarters of the Thirteenth cavalry that firing heard a few min utes earlier east of .the town was the result of the failure of a Mexican to halt on order of a patrol. The Mex ican was killed. A few minutes later the lights again were turned on in the cavalry camp and the town. Mexicans Rounded Up. A number of Mexicans rounded. up by military patrols were examined to day and tonight because of the sus picion that they had furnished in formation to Villa. A few were held on charges of espionage. One of the Mexicans, who gave his name as Pablo Gonzales, wore over alls over a Mexican uniform. He in sisted, however, that he waa a peace ful rancher bat was held in the mil itary guardhouse with a number og other suspects. Several -of those lib erated were escorted to the border and told to cross, with the injunction not to come back. It is understood that listing all suspected Mexicans and are prepared to order a general roundup. - Fall of Ice Laden Roof Injures Two PROTRUDED OVER SIDEWALK ON MIDDLE STREET, BRIDGEPORT. SOME NARROW ESCAPES r . Louis Mutants, With Hia Three Little Children, Was Caught Under Edge, but Held It Till Little-Ones Got Out. Bridgeport, Conn., March 10. Two persons were seriously injured this evening when an iron sidewalk rooting on Middle street collapsed under a weight of snow and ice. George F. Chambers, 29 a negro, was taken to a hospital with a broken lge and many Efficient Service Telegraph Local General Total . 94 156 981 1231 ., 101 160 270 531 . 87 114 177 378 . 99 140 163 402 . 94 s 124 241 459 . 84 J 167 194 .445 559 N861 2026 3446 contusions about the bodv and head. Amelia Cuneo, 13. of 123 Middle street, suffered a broken leg and many bruises, but was taken home. Louis Musante, who was passing the spot with three little children, was caught under the edge of the falling roof. He held up the broken mass till the children got out from under it. then wriggled loose himself uninjured except for a few bruises. Two fire companies were called and tore and chopped the debris to pieces, searching for other possible victims. GEN. FUNSTON SENDS REPORT TO WAR DEPARTMENT. Offers to Personally Command Troops for Relentless Pursuit of Bandits. Washington, March 10. In a report late hla afternoon General Funston told tne war department he had ac curate information that Villa had 3.000 troops with him, that Carranza troops in his vicinity had fled, and that he advised against frittering away the time of the army guarding small towns- wnne villa might have an on portunity to escape. He advised that tne plans or the army for Villa's cap ture be surrounded with secrecy for the saKe oi tneir success. The text of the despatch from Gen era! Funston follows: "It is the opinion of Colonels Dodd and Slocum, in which I concur, that unless Villa Is relentlessly pursued and his forces scattered he will continue raids. As troops of Mexican govern ment are accomplishing nothing, and as he can consequently make his preparations and concentrations with out being disturbed, he can strike at any point on the border. We belnz un able to obtain advance information as to his whereabouts. "If we fritter away the whole com mand guarding towns, ranches and railroads, it will accomplish nothing If he can find safe refuge across the une after every raid. Although nrob ably not more than l,00ii took part in Columbus raid, he is believed to have about 3,000. Even if he should not continue raids, he has entered on a pol icy of merciless killing of Americans in Mexico. "To show apathy and gross ineffi ciency of Mexican government troope, an American woman held prisoner by Villa for nine days, but who escaped in Columbus fight, states that during an that time n was undisturbed at no great distance from border collect Ing a force of about 3.000. The few Carranza troops in the region fled, los ing all contact with him, and not even Informing us as to his whereabouts. "If it is proposed to take action suggested, I recommend no Information be given out, in order that wo may stand some chance of surprising. Tf desired, I shall personally com mand. It would be desirable to re place as soon as possible from avail able cavalry in the United States the cavalry taken from the border. (Signed) "FUNSTON." FRENCH DEPUTES EXPRESS CONFIDENCE IN GOVERNMENT Affirm Resolution Regarding Requisi tioning of Merchantmen. Paris, March 10. 6:30 p. m. The Chamber of deputies today unanimous ly adopted a resoluion expressing con fidence in the government. Th ereo lution was passed after an interpella tion regarding the requisitioning of merchantmen for the use of the array. In which connection some criticisms of the marine ministry developed. Condensed Telegrams The French liner Espagne arrived at Bordeaux from New York. The Kendall block in North AttJe boro waa burned. Loss about $25,000. Fred T. Jane, naval author and Journ alist, died at Southsea, England, axed 45. The British fishing boat Young Har- ... nog utcu uuniL. i ne crew was sav ed. Tha MiuU.inKi .1..-- leans. which has been at flood stage, la receding. All Grmn. liwinM - . . - .,, kuyai nave been ordered by German consuls to An extra dividmmA a . . - rr want, wig declared on the common stock of the ounaara screw (Jo. The Turkish Chamber of Deputies has extended to B0 years the age limit .v. iiiuiiai ecrvice. u ?,","t,nn!a' Ha" an1 several other buildings at Pottsville Pa, were burned at a loss of $100,000. King Constantine of Greece has granted an audience to Eleulherios enizelos, former Prime Minister. England will issue a proclamation next week calling to the colors mar ried men between the ages of 27 and 3d. Seventy guests were driven In their night clothes from the Widell Hotel. Toledo, by a fire that caused 110 000 damage. Following the blizzard at Calumet, Mich., In which 8 inches of snow fell, railroads there have resumed their schedules. Warehouses and large quantities of stores were destroyed by a great fire at Muonchen-Gladbach. a town In Rhen ish Irussla, Tha Turkish I natinn . A , I j nied the reports of the death or the! BiLssinaiion oi tnver Pasha, Turkish War Minister. The Britimh W.r- In London for the second time within 36 hour. Th Pnunlur r.f A. attended the session. Coroner John J. Phali f mado public declared that 196 volts of wiecinciiy Kiiiea james Mansfield In Shelton last Monday. Preident Wilson was asked by the American Meriionn a .unin . vestigate the patent medicine business in the United States Announcement was' made by the Postal TelcgraRb-Cbie Co. of the re sumption of cble Hervira with PIi and Anchorage, Alaska. State Department officials have re ceived reports stating that Felix Dial. Mexican revolutionary leader is in hiding in New Orleans. Several hundred tons of coal were destroyed by fire on the Harbor Junc tion wharf of the New Haven rail road at Providence. R. I. Fifteen alleged bucketshops located in towns in western Pennsylvania were raided by the state constabulary, as sisted by federal authorities. The Swiss Postal Department has decided to send mail for America mruugn trermany ana Holland instead of by way of France and England. The Overseas News Agency an nounced that 2 800 exhibitors took part in the Leipsic fair, which Just closed. The fair was visited by 28,000 buyers. An order for S1.22S,000 worth of motor trucks for commercial use n Great Britain was received by the Gramm- Bernstein Co., of Lima, Ohio. Hundreds of persons in southwest ern England have been made homelses by inundations as a result of the over flow of rivers caused by heavy snow storms. The upper house of the Swedish Parliament refused to consider pro posals from Individual members for the inerventlon of Sweden . to obtain peace in Europe. If New York's National Guard should be called to go to Mexico or up on other service, approximately SO per cent, of the 17.000 men could be under canvas within 24 hours. Former President Taft, speaking on the' Monroe Doctrine at a dinner of the Unitarian Club at Boston, said he was glad a sufficient force of United States troops was being sent after Villa. A Lloyd's dispatch from Malta re ports that the Peninsular Sc Oriental liner Nellore. with fire aboard, was beached The fire was extinguished, and the mails and passengers removed. The Australian government has sent a request to the American ambassa dor to Turkey that he arrange for the care of the graves of Australian sol diers buried on the Gallipoll peninsula. Turkey has abolished, for the dura tion of the war. the import duties on petroleum, sugar, coffee, rice, drugs, watches, linens, and other articles the government may regard as necessary. Martial law war declared at Carta gena, Spain, following 86 hours of riot ing by strikers a', the La Union Found ry. Five strikers were killed and 11 wounded when they attacked the foundry. . A report received from Petrograd says that a representative of California and English syndicates has purchased for 113.000000 at auction 252 deposits of gold and platinum in the Ural Mountains. One thousand section hands em ployed on the Reading Railway were notified of an increase In wages or one cent an hour. The men will re ceive 19 cents an hour and work ten hours a day. According to the newspaper - Ecrho Beige, a German courtmartlal has sen tenced Count Cornet Belgian priest at Belgian priest at Etterbeek. to five year'a imprisonment for denouncing the Germans from the pulpit. Private Jeese Taylor, of Troop F Thirteenth cavalry, died at the post hospital at Fort Bliss yesterday as the result of an obdominal wound re ceived in the fighting at Columbus ThttTBdaflr. . VILLA'S ELIMINATION; TASK OF U.S. TROOft aassaaseMasa-a-eBee-a.MBBB, n American Troops Are Ordered Across Mexican Border by President Wilson r TO TAKE VILLA AND BANDITS DEAD OR ALIVE American Troops Are Expected to Move Into Mexico Today Cavalry to Scour Mountains, Deserts, Sage Brush and Arroyos in Quest of the Outlaws General Funston Has Offered to Personally Command the Expedition Con gress is in Complete Accord With President Wilson's Action Secretary of War Baker Intimates American Troops Will. Remain in Mexico Until the de Facto Gov ernment is Able to Handle Affairs Little Likelihood of National Guardsmen Being Called Upon. Washington. March 10. American 1 troops were ordered across the Mexi can border today by President AVilson to take Francisco Villa and his ban dits dead or alive. Under the d.rection. if not actually the leadership of Major General Funs ton, who ended the Philippine insur rection by taking Aguinaldo single hand.-d. American columns are ex pected to be moving Into Mexico be fore tomorrow night. They go to meet about 3.000 guerilla troops in a mountaincus region from which Car ranza troops have fled. Whether this long deferred armed action, which begins purely as a pu nitive measure to clear northern Mex ico of menacing bandit bands over which General Carranza has no con trol, shall grow into a general armed Intervention or occupation in Mexico depends In a large measure upon Gen eral Carranza and the Mexican peo ple. In Aid of Carranza Government. It besrins with President Wilson's declaration that it ia entirely In aid of the Carranzagovernment and with out thought of "aggreeeion." Abandona Watchful Waiting. President WMaon'a decision to de part from the policy of watchful waiting, hastened by the Columbus massacre yesterday, was announced today today after it hd been unani mously approved by the cabinet and administration leaders in congress. The president's position was explain ed fully to the latter, who agreed that he should rot be embnrassed at this time by discussions of a. minority which might arouse trouble in Mexico. Determined to Eliminate Villa. After a brief cabinet meeting nt which the president was described as being as determined to eliminate Vil la as he was to eliminate Huerta. Sec retory Baker hurried to the war de partment and his first act in office sent orders to the border troops. Conference of Army General Staff. Soon afterward the army general staff assembled and conferred over the plans. long drawn and perfected since the Mexicnn situation loomed up as a disturber to the peace of the United States. General Funston telegraphed urcing utmost secrecy of the army plans. The border is honeycombed with Mexican npies and it was agreed that the expedition would be pushed to success by keeping Villa and his men ignorant of its movements. It is possible that no correspondents will be permitted to accompany the col umns. At any rate a strict censorship will be imposed. Garrison's Services Accepted. Former Secretary Garrison, famil iar with the army's Mexican plans by his association with the crisis of two yenrs riro. came to Washington and offered his services to aid ht succes sor. They were at once accepted and Mr. Garrison went into conference with Si-cretary Baker at the war de partment. No Comment From Carranza. General Carranza In a telegram to the state department expressed regret at the Columbus massacre but made no comment on the proposal of send ing American troops to hunt down the bandits. Fliseo Arredondo. his am bassndor hre. was officially informed of the American government's action. He only replied fhat he would com municate with his chief. He has pre viously expressed the personal opinion that the govement would not be op posed. State department officials declined to say wh.it their attitude would be if General Carranza took a hostile po sition. They atid the -United States would settle that question when it arose. If an offer of co-operation of the Carranza troops is made they said it could hardly be refused. 5,000 Carranza Troops Hunting Villa. " Today General Carranza ordered 5.000 troops from various garrisons to move upon the Villa forces. The ef fect of their advance probably would be to keep the Villa bandits near the border, but Secretary Lansing an nounced during the day that no mat ter how fnr into Mexico it was neces sary for American forces to penetrate or to what numbers it became neces sary to increase their force, the Unit ed States would consider the expedi tion a punitive one. solely for the sup pression of outlaws. For such an ex pedition there is ample precedent in international law and in fact, in the relations of the United States with Mexico. To Scout Mountains and Deserts. How many of the 11.000 troops now on the border will be employed has not fully been determined. The general plan will be to distribute the infan try to gu.ird the border towns, whils the cavalry will be released for scour ing the mountains, deserts, sage brush and arroyos. In order not to weaken the defense of border towns it may be necessary to move other troops from interior posts to the border. no v,aii Tor nat.onai butrd. No prospects of using the National I Guard exists in the situation tonight - but a larger scale of operations would involve it. No Orders Given to the Navy. No orders have been given to the navy. The fleet with more than 10,000 bluejackets and marines available for landing duty is on the winter drill ground off Guantanamo within easy saaling distance of Mexican waters, should anti-American demonstrations or uprisings endanger Americans or other foreigners. While the government count the naval force as available, there ia every disposition to do nothing in the way of a naval demonstration which might be regarded as menacing Carranza, from whom the United States hope and expects co-operation, passive at least, if not active. Congress Receives Newt) With Com placency. In sharp contrast to the stirring scenes in congress two years ago what the fleet was ordered to Vera Crux, the president's action today waa re ceived with marked complacency In win nouse anq senate, -Jiemuarajyu prciwrra iu mane speecnes urging ac tion but when word went around that the president had ordered in tbe troops, expressions of approval were heard on toth aides of the chambers. To Let President Deal With Situation. Senators Fall and McCumber. re publicans, both Introduced resolutions proposing occupation and policing of Mexico with large forces, but they consent to ermlt them to be referred to the foreign relations committee without debate. The pleas of the ad ministration leaders to let the preel den deal with the situation in its pres ent phase seemed to be acceptable all around. President Outlined Hia Position. The president outlined his position fully to Senator Stone and Represen tative Flood, chairman of the foreign affairs committee. Soon after Mr. Flood informed the house committee and Senator Stone called a meeting of the senate committee for tomorrow morning for the same purpose. Tfce object of the administration leaders will be to prevent as far as possible all discussion in congress and to block any action which might inter fere with the president to serve to in dicate that the United States ia en gar ed in more than a purely punitive expedition. , In his action today, it is pointed out, the president Is fully within his con stitutional authority to repel Inva sion. After his conference with the preM dent Secretary Baker Issued the fol lowing statement Statement by Secretary Baker, "There is no Intention of entering Mexico in force. A sufficient body of mobile troops will be sent in to locate and disperse or rapture the bacd; OT bands that attacked Columbus.- Aa soon as the forces of the de" facto government can take control of the situation any forces of the Unkod States then remaining in Mexico will of course be withdrawn. The forces of the United States now on the bor der will be Immediately recruited, but only for the purpose of safeguarding the territory of the United States frvm further raid." Secretary Baker explained that by "recruited" referring to the present border forces, he meant that move ments of troops along the border or of regiments from the interior supple ment the border control were not to be construed as a mobilization for any extensive movement into Mexico. He indicated there would be no campaign to recruit the regular army from peace to war strength. A CONCERTED EFFORT TO CORNER VILLA Is Being Made by Troops of the Car ranza Government. . Columbus. X. H, March 10. The disposition f the troops of the Car ranza government in the statew of Chihuahua and Sonora within the last 24 hours Indicated that a concerted effort has been started to corner Villa in northwest Chihuahua. - General Calles at Agua Prieta saM he had disposed his forces along. the railroad from Nacozarl to guard the mountain passes through which Villa and his force might be expected to pass westward into Sonora. General Callea, with 200 mounted men. moved eastward from Agua Prie ta. aiming to secure that side of the trap which la being laid to capture the outlaw in the mountains to the east. Two detachments of mounted men from the forces of General Gebriel Givlna at Juarez are reported moving In conjunction with Callee troope to complete the eastern aide of the net. The forces of Genera Gaiterres ot Chihuahua were gvardlnr against a southward movement by Villa and hie column. . .. . Wlnetad. SeventT-rren theisVi gallona of water have been let into toe1 new swimming pool of T. M. C. Aj .